Results for 'Erin Street'

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  1.  16
    Is There a Paradox of Altruism?Robert Paul Churchill & Erin Street - 2004 - In Jonathan Seglow (ed.), Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy. F. Cass Publishers. pp. 87-105.
    Behavioural scientists show altruism to exist as a distinctive personality. Yet when subjected to philosophical scrutiny, and altruistic personality is prima facie paradoxical. To motivate herself to help others, the altruist needs ?extensivity?, the capacity to compassionately identify with others. To aid others effectively, however, the altruist must have individuation, the possession of highly developed autonomy and self-efficacy. We assert that a better understanding of the relationship between concern for others and concern for self reveals the paradox to be merely (...)
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  2. Is There a Paradox of Altruism?Robert Paul Churchill & Erin Street - 2002 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 5 (4):87-105.
  3. Street-Level Bureaucracy: Dilemmas of the Individual in Public Services.Michael Lipsky, Jeffrey Manditch Prottas, David Street, Georte T. Martin, Laura Kramer & Noel Timms - 1983 - Ethics 93 (3):588-595.
     
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  4. A Darwinian Dilemma for Realist Theories of Value.Sharon Street - 2005 - Philosophical Studies 127 (1):109-166.
  5. Constructivism About Reasons.Sharon Street - 2008 - Oxford Studies in Metaethics 3:207-45.
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  6. What is Constructivism in Ethics and Metaethics?Sharon Street - 2010 - Philosophy Compass 5 (5):363-384.
    Most agree that when it comes to so-called 'first-order' normative ethics and political philosophy, constructivist views are a powerful family of positions. When it comes to metaethics, however, there is serious disagreement about what, if anything, constructivism has to contribute. In this paper I argue that constructivist views in ethics include not just a family of substantive normative positions, but also a distinct and highly attractive metaethical view. I argue that the widely accepted 'proceduralist characterization' of constructivism in ethics is (...)
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  7. In Defense of Future Tuesday Indifference: Ideally Coherent Eccentrics and the Contingency of What Matters.Sharon Street - 2009 - Philosophical Issues 19 (1):273-298.
  8. Reply to Copp: Naturalism, Normativity, and the Varieties of Realism Worth Worrying About.Sharon Street - 2008 - Philosophical Issues 18 (1):207-228.
  9. It's the Economy, Stupid.Rudy Giuliani & Wall Street - 2005 - Journal of Libertarian Studies 19 (4):19-36.
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  10. Evolution and the Normativity of Epistemic Reasons.Sharon Street - 2009 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 39 (sup1):213-248.
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  11. Coming to Terms with Contingency : Humean Constructivism About Practical Reason.Sharon Street - 2012 - In Jimmy Lenman & Yonatan Shemmer (eds.), Constructivism in Practical Philosophy. Oxford University Press.
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  12. Mind-Independence Without the Mystery: Why Quasi-Realists Can't Have It Both Ways.Sharon Street - 2011 - Oxford Studies in Metaethics 6:1-32.
  13.  73
    An Ethical Market in Human Organs.C. A. Erin - 2003 - Journal of Medical Ethics 29 (3):137-138.
    While people’s lives continue to be put at risk by the dearth of organs available for transplantation, we must give urgent consideration to any option that may make up the shortfall. A market in organs from living donors is one such option. The market should be ethically supportable, and have built into it, for example, safeguards against wrongful exploitation. This can be accomplished by establishing a single purchaser system within a confined marketplace.Statistics can be dehumanising. The following numbers, however, have (...)
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  14. Philosophie in der Islamischen Welt, Band 1, 8.-10. Jahrhundert (Philosophy in the Islamic World, Volume 1, Eighth to Tenth Centuries) Edited by Ulrich Rudolph, with the Assistance of Renate Würsch (Review). [REVIEW]Tony Street - 2014 - Philosophy East and West 64 (2):515-517.
    Philosophie in der Islamischen Welt, Band 1, 8.-10. Jahrhundert, edited by Ulrich Rudolph, is the first in a series of four volumes devoted to the history of philosophy in the Islamic world from earliest times down to today.1 Part of a larger project that has been under way, in one way or another, for 150 years, this volume marks an epochal moment in the study of Arabic philosophy. Never before in the field has there been a summary exposition so comprehensive, (...)
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  15. Semantics/Pragmatics Distinction.Robyn Carston & Gower Street - unknown
    Most people working on linguistic meaning or communication assume that semantics and pragmatics are distinct domains, yet there is still little consensus on how the distinction is to be drawn. The position defended in this paper is that the semantics/pragmatics distinction holds between (context-invariant) encoded linguistic meaning and speaker meaning. Two other ‘minimalist’ positions on semantics are explored and found wanting: Kent Bach’s view that there is a narrow semantic notion of context which is responsible for providing semantic values for (...)
     
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  16.  56
    Ethical Decision Making: The Effects of Escalating Commitment. [REVIEW]Marc D. Street, Chris Robertson & Scott W. Geiger - 1997 - Journal of Business Ethics 16 (11):1153-1161.
    Despite the recent emergence of many new ethical decision making models, there has been minimal emphasis placed on the impact of escalating commitment on the ethical decision making process. In this paper a new variable is introduced into the ethical decision making literature. This variable, exposure to escalation situations, is posited to increase the likelihood that individuals will choose unethical decision alternatives. Further, it is proposed that escalation situations should be included as a variable in Jones's (1991) comprehensive model of (...)
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  17.  8
    The Importance of Communication in Collaborative Decision Making: Facilitating Shared Mind and the Management of Uncertainty.Mary C. Politi & Richard L. Street - 2011 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (4):579-584.
  18.  7
    The Significance of Age and Duration of Effect in Social Evaluation of Health Care.Erik Nord, Andrew Street, Jeff Richardson, Helga Kuhse & Peter Singer - 1996 - Health Care Analysis 4 (2):103-111.
    To give priority to the young over the elderly has been labelled ‘ageism’. People who express ‘ageist’ preferences may feel that, all else equal, an individual has greater right to enjoy additional life years the fewer life years he or she has already had. We shall refer to this asegalitarian ageism. They may also emphasise the greater expected duration of health benefits in young people that derives from their greater life expectancy. We may call thisutilitarian ageism. Both these forms of (...)
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  19.  51
    Janet Radcliffe Richards on Our Modest Proposal.C. A. Erin - 2003 - Journal of Medical Ethics 29 (3):141-141.
    Janet Radcliffe Richards is as always to the point and radical. We agree with her that “if it is presumptively bad to prevent sales altogether because lives will be lost . . . it is for the same reason presumptively bad to restrict the selling of organs”. Her complaint against our paper is that we are unnecessarily restrictive. John Harris indeed has argued that there are no sound ethical or philosophical reasons for objecting on principle to the sale of live (...)
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  20.  94
    Arabic and Islamic Philosophy of Language and Logic.Tony Street - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  21.  18
    Control Groups in Psychosocial Intervention Research: Ethical and Methodological Issues.Linda L. Street & Jason B. Luoma - 2002 - Ethics and Behavior 12 (1):1 – 30.
    This article summarizes a National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) workshop that was convened to address the ethical and methodological issues that arise when conducting controlled psychosocial interventions research and introduces 6 thoughtful and inspiring papers prepared by workshop participants. These papers, on topics ranging from informed consent to ethnic minority issues, reflect the depth and breadth of expertise represented by the multidisciplinary group of scientists and ethicists present at the meeting. More extensive follow-up, particularly from federal research applications and (...)
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  22.  5
    Possibilities for Critical Social Theory and Foucault's Work: A Toolbox Approach.Elizabeth Manias & Annette Street - 2000 - Nursing Inquiry 7 (1):50-60.
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  23.  2
    Publishing Outcome Data: Is It an Effective Approach?Anne Mason & Andrew Street - 2006 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 12 (1):37-48.
  24.  27
    Appendix: Readings of the Subject Term.Tony Street - 2010 - Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 20 (1):119-124.
  25.  40
    Tūsī on Avicenna's Logical Connectives∗.Tony Street - 1995 - History and Philosophy of Logic 16 (2):257-268.
    T?s?, a thirteenth century logician writing in Arabic, uses two logical connectives to build up molecular propositions: ?if-then?, and ?either-or?. By referring to a dichotomous Tree, T?s? shows how to choose the proper disjunction relative to the terms in the disjuncts. He also discusses the disjunctive propositions which follow from a conditional proposition.
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  26.  11
    The Decision Making Process Regarding the Withdrawal or Withholding of Potential Life-Saving Treatments in a Children's Hospital.K. Street - 2000 - Journal of Medical Ethics 26 (5):346-352.
    Objectives—To investigate the factors considered by staff, and the practicalities involved in the decision making process regarding the withdrawal or withholding of potential life-sustaining treatment in a children's hospital. To compare our current practice with that recommended by the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health guidelines, published in 1997.Design—A prospective, observational study using self-reported questionnaires.Setting—Tertiary paediatric hospital.Patients and participants—Consecutive patients identified during a six-month period, about whom a formal discussion took place between medical staff, nursing staff and family regarding (...)
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  27.  43
    An Outline of Avicennas Syllogistic.Tony Street - 2002 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 84 (2):129-160.
  28.  32
    Avicenna and Tusi on the Contradiction and Conversion of the Absolute.Tony Street - 2000 - History and Philosophy of Logic 21 (1):45-56.
    Avicenna (d. 1037) and T?s? (d. 1274) have different doctrines on the contradiction and conversion of the absolute proposition. Following Avicenna's presentation of the doctrine in Pointers and reminders, and comparing it with what is given in T?s?'s commentary, allow us to pinpoint a major reason why Avicenna and T?s? have different treatments of the modal syllogistic. Further comparison shows that the syllogistic system Rescher described in his research on Arabic logic more nearly fits T?s? than Avicenna. This in turn (...)
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  29.  33
    “The Eminent Later Scholar” in Avicenna's Book of the Syllogism.Tony Street - 2001 - Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 11 (2):205-218.
    Avicenna refers on a number of occasions in his Book of the Syllogism to “the eminent later scholar” . At least three recent studies have argued or assumed that this eminent later scholar is Alexander of Aphrodisias. It is argued in this article that Avicenna is in fact referring to Alfarabi. This has consequences for reconstructing the lost first part of Alfarabi's Great Commentary on the Prior Analytics , for highlighting certain aspects of Alfarabi's logical doctrines, and for understanding more (...)
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  30.  6
    Arabic Logic.Tony Street - 2004 - In Dov M. Gabbay, John Woods & Akihiro Kanamori (eds.), Handbook of the History of Logic. Elsevier. pp. 1--523.
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  31.  19
    Presumed Consent or Contracting Out.C. A. Erin & J. Harris - 1999 - Journal of Medical Ethics 25 (5):365-366.
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  32. The Relationship Between Generative Grammar and (Relevance-Theoretic) Pragmatics.Robyn Carston & Gower Street - unknown
    The generative grammar approach to language seeks a fully explicit account of the modular systems of knowledge (competence) that underlies the human language capacity. Similarly, the relevance-theoretic approach to pragmatics attempts an explicit characterisation of the sub-personal systems involved in utterance interpretation. As an on-line performance system, however, it is subject to certain additional constraints; this is demonstrated by the way in which matters of computational (processing effort) economy are currently employed in the two types of theory. A sub-module of (...)
     
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  33.  17
    Joint Perception: Gaze and Beliefs About Social Context.Daniel C. Richardson, Chris Nh Street & Joanne Tan - 2010 - In S. Ohlsson & R. Catrambone (eds.), Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society.
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  34. Ask Your Doctor: The Construction of Smoking in Advertising Posters Produced in 1946 and 2004.Annette F. Street - 2004 - Nursing Inquiry 11 (4):226-237.
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  35.  22
    On the Conditional Value-at-Risk Probability-Dependent Utility Function.Alexandre Street - 2010 - Theory and Decision 68 (1-2):49-68.
    The Expected Shortfall or Conditional Value-at-Risk (CVaR) has been playing the role of main risk measure in the recent years and paving the way for an enormous number of applications in risk management due to its very intuitive form and important coherence properties. This work aims to explore this measure as a probability-dependent utility functional, introducing an alternative view point for its Choquet Expected Utility representation. Within this point of view, its main preference properties will be characterized and its utility (...)
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  36.  32
    Breaking the Silence: Music's Role in Political Thought and Action.John Street - 2007 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 10 (3):321-337.
  37. Is There a Right to Remain in Ignorance of HIV Status?Charles A. Erin - 2001 - In Rebecca Bennett & Charles A. Erin (eds.), Hiv and Aids, Testing, Screening, and Confidentiality. Clarendon Press.
     
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  38.  1
    Parental Age and Parity in Dyslexic Boys.R. Jayasekara & J. Street - 1978 - Journal of Biosocial Science 10 (3):255.
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  39.  9
    Invisible Republics and Secret Histories: A Politics of Music.John Street - 2000 - Cultural Values 4 (3):298-313.
  40.  7
    Personal Data Protection in Health and Social Services.J. Street - 1991 - Journal of Medical Ethics 17 (1):53-54.
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  41.  6
    The Obbligato Recitative: Narrative and Schoenberg's Five Orchestral Pieces, Op. 16.Alan Street - 1994 - In Anthony Pople (ed.), Theory, Analysis and Meaning in Music. Cambridge University Press. pp. 183.
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  42.  5
    What Counts as the Evidence for Three-Dimensional and Four-Dimensional Spatial Representations?Ranxiao Frances Wang & Whitney N. Street - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (5):567 - 568.
    The dimension of spatial representations can be assessed by above-chance performance in novel shortcut or spatial reasoning tasks independent of accuracy levels, systematic biases, mosaic/segmentation across space, separate coding of individual dimensions, and reference frames. Based on this criterion, humans and some other animals exhibited sufficient evidence for the existence of three-dimensional and/or four-dimensional spatial representations.
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  43.  6
    Allen D 2000: The Changing Shape of Nursing Practice. London: Routledge. 220 Pp.£ 15.99 (PB). ISBN 0 415 21649 4. [REVIEW]R. Bennett, C. A. Erin, P. Burnard, K. Kendrick, V. Bryson, D. Cormack, J. Duxbury, P. Enderby, A. John & B. Petheram - 2001 - Nursing Ethics 8 (6).
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  44.  6
    Comment: Beyond "Evolutionary Versus Social": Moving the Cycle Shift Debate Forward.G. R. Brown, C. P. Cross, S. E. Street & C. O. Brand - 2014 - Emotion Review 6 (3):250-251.
  45.  4
    Discourses of the Body in Euthanasia: Symptomatic, Dependent, Shameful and Temporal.Annette F. Street & David W. Kissane - 2001 - Nursing Inquiry 8 (3):162-172.
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  46.  7
    Aids: Ethics, Justice, and Social Policy.Charles A. Erin & John Harris - 1993 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 10 (2):165-173.
  47.  2
    The Discovery of Asparagine.H. E. Street & G. E. Trease - 1951 - Annals of Science 7 (1):70-76.
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  48.  2
    Editiorial.Annette Street - 1997 - Nursing Inquiry 4 (2):79-79.
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  49.  2
    Japanese Reflexes of the Proto-Altaic Lateral.John Street - 1985 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 105 (4):637-651.
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  50.  1
    Making a Spectacle of Herself: Reading Community Mental Health Nursing Assessments.Annette Street - 1994 - Nursing Inquiry 1 (1):31-37.
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