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  1.  15
    A Case for Organic Indigenous Christianity: African Ethiopia as Derivate From Jewish Christianity.Rugare Rukuni & Erna Oliver - 2019 - Hts Theological Studies 75 (1).
    From its inception to the 4th century CE, Christianity experienced a formative process composite of three catalytic phases characterised by distinctive events. From the aforementioned era emerged an orthodoxy fostered by an imperial-ecclesiastical link. There appears to have been a parallel story with regard to certain elements of African Christianity, in particular, Ethiopian Christianity. What can be made of the gap regarding Jewish Christianity combined with the absence of African Christianity from Bauer’s modular theory on heresy and orthodoxy in the (...)
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  2.  9
    Theological Education with the Help of Technology.Erna Oliver - 2014 - Hts Theological Studies 70 (1).
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  3.  13
    The Colonisation of South Africa: A Unique Case.Erna Oliver & Willem H. Oliver - 2017 - Hts Theological Studies 73 (3).
    From the 15th century onwards, most of the countries in Africa have been colonised by theEuropean world powers, Great Britain, France, Portugal, Germany, Spain, Italy and Belgium.South Africa was officially colonised in 1652. Apart from the European colonisation beingexecuted from the south of the continent, South Africa also experienced a migration andinvasion of people groups from the north. The indigenous people groups, inhabiting thecountry long before these two groups arrived there, will be discussed as background to the restof the article. (...)
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  4.  7
    Can Christians Really Make a Difference? A Response to the Call for Change to Make the World a Better Place.Erna Oliver, Vusi Tshabele, Floris Baartman, Alfred Masooa & Lorna Laister - 2017 - Hts Theological Studies 73 (3).
    Christianity changed the world for the better through the development of education, charity organisations, art, music, law and medical care among others. However, not all changes initiated by Christianity were positive. The Christian religion was also responsible for division, death, destruction and war. Focusing on the positive changes, nearly 500 years after the reformation though, it seems as if Christianity has lost its renewing and transformative powers. It seems as if society, politics and the economy are pressurising Christianity to conform (...)
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  5.  5
    Preface to Special Collection: Reformation, Transformation and Change Agency.Mandla Makhanya & Erna Oliver - 2017 - Hts Theological Studies 73 (3).
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  6.  7
    An African Reformation.Erna Oliver & Willem H. Oliver - 2017 - Hts Theological Studies 73 (3):1-8.
    The year 2017 is the year in which the Reformation, started by Martin Luther, is celebrating its 500th birthday. This depicts a milestone in the life of the Church of the Reformation and also in the life of Christians worldwide. This is a good time to ponder on the epistemological question of the validity and necessity of the Reformation. If this question is answered in a positive way, then it could bring us to the realisation that the time is ripe (...)
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  7.  2
    Alternative Assessment to Enhance Theological Education.Erna Oliver - 2015 - Hts Theological Studies 71 (3).
    The knowledge driven, network society that is founded upon technology, demands from students to become independent, confident and motivated life-long, self-directed learners that can transfer their knowledge, skills and values. In order to deliver this type of graduates from a diverse and unequal student pool, effective education must be provided. Educators are encouraged to focus education on student-centeredness and to use technology effectively. Alternative assessment methods that are technology driven could enable both educators and students to become more effective in (...)
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  8.  4
    A Move Towards Heutagogy to Empower Theology Students.Erna Oliver - 2016 - Hts Theological Studies 72 (1).
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  9.  5
    Change Agency and Higher Education in South Africa.Erna Oliver - 2018 - Hts Theological Studies 74 (3).
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  10.  14
    Gamification as Transformative Assessment in Higher Education.Erna Oliver - 2017 - Hts Theological Studies 73 (3).
    Gamification in education is still a very new concept in South Africa. Being a 21st-centuryinvention, it has already established itself in the world within the environs of the corporatemarket, marketing, training and the social world. This article will first discuss gamification and its applications in general; thereafter, the focus will be onthe application of gamification within the environment of education, and more specificallywith an emphasis on assessment. The burning question for South Africa is whethergamification can enhance a module or course (...)
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  11.  1
    Menswaardig.Erna Oliver - 1995 - Hts Theological Studies 51 (3).
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  12.  4
    Regina Mundi: Serving the Liberation Movement in South Africa.Willem Oliver & Erna Oliver - 2016 - Hts Theological Studies 72 (1).
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  13.  5
    The Great Emergence: An Exposition.Erna Oliver - 2019 - Hts Theological Studies 75 (4):1-12.
    In this review article, the book entitled Emergence Christianity, What it is, Where it is Going, and Why it Matters, written by Phyllis Tickle in 2012, is discussed. The discussion is both informative and critical. The publication, being a follow-up of a book she wrote in 2008, refers to the Great Emergence that is almost in full swing all over the Western and Latinised world. According to Tickle, an Emergence happens approximately every 500 years, and this concerns Christianity as well. (...)
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  14. The Traditional Afrikaans-Speaking Churches in Dire Straits.Erna Oliver - 2019 - Hts Theological Studies 75 (4):1-12.
    Christianity is entering another revolution or reformation phase. Five hundred years ago, Luther stood up against the Roman Catholic Church, which started the reformation and the reformed movement, culminating in the birth of the Reformed Churches. Today these RCs are seemingly the victims of the new revolution. The traditional Afrikaans-speaking RCs in South Africa serve as a striking example. The symptoms of these churches correspond to those of a dying church, highlighted by scholars like Rainer, Noble, Niewhof and Mattera. Central (...)
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  15.  5
    The Triangle of Effective Education Implemented for Theology.Erna Oliver - 2019 - Hts Theological Studies 75 (1).
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  16.  2
    Africanism, Apocalypticism, Jihad and Jesuitism: Prelude to Ethiopianism.Rugare Rukuni & Erna Oliver - 2019 - Hts Theological Studies 75 (3).
    Ethiopianism conceptually shaped modern Africa. Perceivably, this has been deduced from distinguished events in Ethiopian history. This investigation explored Ethiopianism as a derivate of the multifaceted narrative of Ethiopian religious political dynamics. Ethiopianism has arguably been detached from the entirety of the Ethiopian Christian political establishment, being deduced separately from definitive events such as the Battle of Adwa 1896. This research reconnected Ethiopianism to a wholistic religious–political matrix of Ethiopia. Therefore, it offers an alternative interpretation of Ethiopianism, as a derivate (...)
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  17.  1
    African Ethiopia and Byzantine Imperial Orthodoxy: Politically Influenced Self-Definition of Christianity.Rugare Rukuni & Erna Oliver - 2019 - Hts Theological Studies 75 (4):1-9.
    The ancient Ethiopian Christian empire was an emergent and notable power in Eastern Africa and influenced its surrounding regions. It was itself influenced both religiously and politically. The ancient Christian narrative of North Africa has been deduced against a Roman imperial background. Whilst the preceding is congruent with the historical political dynamics, a consideration of the autonomy and uniqueness of ancient African Christianity and its regional influence is also relevant. This implied a revisionist approach to literature which was achieved through (...)
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  18.  7
    Ethiopian Christianity: A Continuum of African Early Christian Polities.Rugare Rukuni & Erna Oliver - 2019 - Hts Theological Studies 75 (1).
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  19.  2
    Nicaea as Political Orthodoxy: Imperial Christianity Versus Episcopal Polities.Rugare Rukuni & Erna Oliver - 2019 - Hts Theological Studies 75 (4):1-9.
    Fourth-century Christianity and the Council of Nicaea have continually been read as a Constantinian narrative. The dominancy of imperial Christianity has been a consequent feature of the established narrative regarding the events within early Christianity. There is a case for a revisionist enquiry regarding the influence of the emperor in the formation of orthodoxy. The role of bishops and its political characterisation had definitive implications upon Christianity as it would seem. Recent revisions on Constantine by Leithart and Barnes incited the (...)
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  20.  4
    Schism, Syncretism and Politics: Derived and Implied Social Model in the Self-Definition of Early Christian Orthodoxy.Rugare Rukuni & Erna Oliver - 2019 - Hts Theological Studies 75 (4):1-9.
    The first 400 years of Christianity posed an intricate scenario of social dynamics. The interplay of these social dynamics or catalysts analogous to time perceivably conceived the political-religious establishment that then forged orthodoxy. The resultant continuum that was consequent of the imperial religious-political merger upon the following eras further established a formative impact of these catalysts. As a revisionist analysis of the era leading up to the Constantinian turn, and a parallel comparison between preceding and following eras, this research proposes (...)
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  21.  11
    Changing Perspectives on the Crusades.Jacques Theron & Erna Oliver - 2018 - Hts Theological Studies 74 (1):1-12.
    The notion and consequences of the Crusades are still influencing the modern Christian pattern of thinking. These 'holy wars', fought by members of the Roman Catholic Church, mostly against infidels, including the Muslims of the time, lasted for several centuries and had varied levels of success. These wars were both lauded and criticised and currently these two opposite perceptions still persist. After the background to the historical setting of the Crusades, this article provides an overview of the changing viewpoints on (...)
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