Results for 'Ernst A. Singer'

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  1.  53
    The'Singer-Affair'and Practical Ethics: A Response.Peter Singer - 1990 - Analyse & Kritik 12 (2):245-264.
    This response to the articles in this issue of ,ANALYSE & KRITIK, begins with some general remarks on the ,Singer-Affair, in which I suggest that while the rational discussion of the ethical issue of euthanasia poses no threat of a return to Nazism, there is a real danger in the creation of a climate in which people are ready to use force to suppress ideas with which they disagree. I then state and criticise two popular theses about the wrongness (...)
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  2.  58
    Ng and Singer on Utilitarianism: A Reply.Yew-Kwang Ng & Peter Singer - 1983 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 13 (2):241 - 242.
    Ng and singer derive the principle of utility from the fact of finite sensibility and another principle, weak majority preference: "for a community of n individuals choosing between two possibilities, x and y, if no individual prefers y to x, and at least n/2 individuals prefer x to y, then x increases social welfare and is preferable." this derivation is regarded as incorrect in a comment. this reply explains why the derivation is valid and shows that the comment is (...)
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  3. On the Contented Life by Edgar A. Singer, Jr.Edgar Arthur Singer - 1936 - H. Holt and Co.
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  4.  57
    A German Attack on Applied Ethics [1]: A Statement by Peter Singer.Peter Singer - 1992 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 9 (1):85-91.
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  5.  26
    On a Darkling Plain: The Art and Thought of Thomas Hardy. By Helen Singer.Helen Singer - 1947 - Ethics 58 (3):225-226.
  6.  6
    A Modern Introduction to Moral Philosophy. By M. G. Singer.M. G. Singer - 1959 - Ethics 70 (4):330-332.
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  7.  4
    Hume's Theory of Knowledge: A Critical Examination. By M. B. Singer[REVIEW]M. B. Singer - 1937 - Ethics 48:128.
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  8. Peter Singer a Dangerous Mind.Peter Singer & Serendipity Productions - 2003 - Serendipity Productions, Film Finance Corporation Australia.
     
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  9.  36
    The Necessity and the Value of Placebo.Ernst A. Singer - 2004 - Science and Engineering Ethics 10 (1):51-56.
    The use of placebo in clinical trials has been repeatedly challenged as being unacceptable from an ethical point of view. The present paper responds to this criticism by taking up the issue in the light of the pertinent provisions of the Helsinki Declaration. Examples from different therapeutic areas are given that highlight the importance of placebo in situations in which its use is acceptable according to the Declaration. Particular emphasis is given to the question of active control trials, which, under (...)
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  10.  18
    The Necessity and the Value of Placebo.Dr Ernst A. Singer - 2004 - Science and Engineering Ethics 10 (1):51-56.
    The use of placebo in clinical trials has been repeatedly challenged as being unacceptable from an ethical point of view. The present paper responds to this criticism by taking up the issue in the light of the pertinent provisions of the Helsinki Declaration. Examples from different therapeutic areas are given that highlight the importance of placebo in situations in which its use is acceptable according to the Declaration. Particular emphasis is given to the question of active control trials, which, under (...)
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  11.  13
    Responsibilities in International Research: A New Look Revisited.S. R. Benatar & P. A. Singer - 2010 - Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (4):194-197.
    Following promulgation of the Nuremberg code in 1947, the ethics of research on human subjects has been a challenging and often contentious topic of debate. Escalation in the use of research participants in low-income countries over recent decades , has intensified the debate on the ethics of international research and led to increasing attention both to exploitation of vulnerable subjects and to considerations of how the 10:90 gap in health and medical research could be narrowed. In 2000, prompted by the (...)
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  12.  28
    Access and Use of Human Tissues From the Developing World: Ethical Challenges and a Way Forward Using a Tissue Trust.Claudia I. Emerson, Peter A. Singer & Ross Eg Upshur - 2011 - BMC Medical Ethics 12 (1):2.
    BackgroundScientists engaged in global health research are increasingly faced with barriers to access and use of human tissues from the developing world communities where much of their research is targeted. In part, the problem can be traced to distrust of researchers from affluent countries, given the history of 'scientific-imperialism' and 'biocolonialism' reflected in past well publicized cases of exploitation of research participants from low to middle income countries.DiscussionTo a considerable extent, the failure to adequately engage host communities, the opacity of (...)
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  13. Philosophy of Love: A Partial Summing-Up.Irving Singer & Alan Soble - 2009 - MIT Press.
    In 1984, Irving Singer published the first volume of what would become a classic and much acclaimed trilogy on love. Trained as an analytical philosopher, Singer first approached his subject with the tools of current philosophical methodology. Dissatisfied by the initial results, he turned to the history of ideas in philosophy and the arts for inspiration. He discovered an immensity of speculation and artistic practice that reached wholly beyond the parameters he had been trained to consider truly philosophical. (...)
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  14. Utilitarianism: A Very Short Introduction.Katarzyna de Lazari-Radek & Peter Singer - 2017 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Utilitarianism may well be the most influential secular ethical theory in the world today. It is also one of the most controversial. It clashes, or is widely thought to clash, with many conventional moral views, and with human rights when they are seen as inviolable. Would it, for example, be right to torture a suspected terrorist in order to prevent an attack that could kill and injure a large number of innocent people? In this Very Short Introduction Peter Singer (...)
     
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  15. Hegel: A Very Short Introduction.Peter Singer - 2001 - Oxford University Press.
    Hegel is regarded as one of the most influential figures on modern political and intellectual development. After painting Hegel's life and times in broad strokes, Peter Singer goes on to tackle some of the more challenging aspects of Hegel's philosophy. Offering a broad discussion of Hegel's ideas and an account of his major works, Singer explains what have often been considered abstruse and obscure ideas in a clear and inviting manner.
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  16. Interview - Peter Singer.Peter Singer - 2008 - The Philosophers' Magazine 40 (40):59-60.
    Peter Singer is probably the best-known and most controversial ethicist in the world today. He rigorously applies utilitarian moral theory to issues such as world poverty, the environment, abortion, euthanasia and, most famously, animal welfare. He has also written a book about his grandfather, David Oppenheim, who died in Theresienstadt concentration camp. He is Ira W. DeCamp Professor of Bioethics at Princeton University.
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  17. Marx: A Very Short Introduction.Peter Singer - 2000 - Oxford University Press.
    Peter Singer identifies the central vision that unifies Marx's thought, enabling us to grasp Marx's views as a whole. He sees him as a philosopher primarily concerned with human freedom, rather than as an economist or a social scientist. In plain English, he explains alienation, historical materialism, the economic theory of Capital, and Marx's ideas of communism, and concludes with an assessment of Marx's legacy.
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  18.  37
    The Rational Society, A Critical Study of Santayana's Social Thought. [REVIEW]T. A. - 1971 - Review of Metaphysics 24 (3):551-551.
    Singer's study of the technical problems of Santayana's systematic thought will not satisfy his friends nor his detractors. Her reduction of Santayana's Lucretian materialism to epiphenomenalism will seem inadequate to the former. The latter may see Santayana as merely technically inept. While Singer does not claim to offer a comprehensive study of Santayana's thought, her theses " that Santayana was a naturalist and a materialist in the same sense and on the same grounds throughout; that despite even radical (...)
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  19.  46
    At Play in the Fields of Consciousness: Essays in Honor of Jerome L. Singer.Jerome L. Singer, Jefferson A. Singer & Peter Salovey (eds.) - 1999 - Lawerence Erlbaum.
    This collection of articles pays homage to the creativity and scientific rigor Jerome Singer has brought to the study of consciousness and play. It will interest personality, social, clinical and developmental psychologists alike.
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  20.  20
    Interview - Peter Singer.Peter Singer - 2008 - The Philosophers' Magazine 40:59-60.
    Peter Singer is probably the best-known and most controversial ethicist in the world today. He rigorously applies utilitarian moral theory to issues such as world poverty, the environment, abortion, euthanasia and, most famously, animal welfare. He has also written a book about his grandfather, David Oppenheim, who died in Theresienstadt concentration camp. He is Ira W. DeCamp Professor of Bioethics at Princeton University.
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  21.  7
    Isaac Bashevis Singer and the Lower East Side.Bruce Davidson, Isaac Bashevis Singer, Ilan Stavans, Jill Meredith & Gabriele Werffeli - 2004 - University of Wisconsin Press.
    This book is a co-publication and appears in conjunction with an exhibition organized and presented by the Mead Art Museum at Amherst College, on the occasion of the centennial celebration nationwide of Singer's birth in 2004.
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  22. Sex: A Philosophical Primer.Irving Singer - 2001 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    In this expanded edition, Singer supplements the 2001 edition with a timely and stimulating essay that focuses upon marriage, particularly same-sex marriage. Singer maintains that questions about sex are fundamental in all thinking about the marital condition, and addresses the problem of same-sex legitimization and rights to material benefits by analyzing the nature of marriage, union, and family in their relation to sexuality and love. For first-time and seasoned readers alike, Singer's lucid new reflections will clarify current (...)
     
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  23.  39
    The Ideal of a Rational Morality: Philosophical Compositions.Marcus George Singer - 2002 - Oxford University Press.
    The Ideal of a Rational Morality collects the most important essays by the distinguished moral philosopher Marcus G. Singer. Its guiding theme is the concept of a morality based in reason, which is presupposed in ordinary moral contexts and provides an ideal for improving ordinary morality and correcting moral judgements. Singer makes compelling claims that certain fundamental presuppositions are inescapable in moral thought, that fundamental moral principles can be proved, and that the concepts of truth and 'common sense' (...)
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  24.  22
    Legal and Ethical Approaches to Stem Cell and Cloning Research: A Comparative Analysis of Policies in Latin America, Asia, and Africa.Rosario M. Isasi, Bartha M. Knoppers, Peter A. Singer & Abdallah S. Daar - 2004 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 32 (4):626-640.
  25.  4
    Consciousness and Behavior. A Reply.Edgar A. Singer - 1912 - Journal of Philosophy 9 (1):15.
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  26.  15
    The Geology and Description of a Fossiliferous Deposit Near Zwartklip in False Bay.Ronald Singer & A. O. Fuller - 1962 - Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 36 (4):205-211.
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  27.  9
    The ELSI Genetics Regulatory Resource Kit: A Tool for Policymakers in Developing Countries.Zara Merali, Peter A. Singer, Victor Boulyjenkov & Abdallah S. Daar - 2004 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 32 (4):692-700.
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  28.  17
    The ELSI Genetics Regulatory Resource Kit: A Tool for Policymakers in Developing Countries.Zara Merali, Peter A. Singer, Victor Boulyjenkov & Abdallah S. Daar - 2004 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 32 (4):692-700.
  29.  11
    Assumed Distance as a Determinant of Apparent Size.Fern A. Singer, Zita E. Tyer & Robert Pasnak - 1982 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 19 (5):267-268.
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  30.  10
    Waiting Lists for Radiation Therapy: A Case Study.David D'Souza, Douglas K. Martin, Laura Purdy, Andrea Bezjak & Peter A. Singer - 2001 - BMC Health Services Research 1:1-3.
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  31.  6
    On a Possible Science of Religion.Edgar A. Singer - 1931 - Philosophical Review 40 (2):105-123.
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  32.  1
    On a Possible Science of Religion.Edgar A. Singer - 1930 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 4:105-123.
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  33.  3
    Concerning Introspection: A Reply.E. A. Singer - 1925 - Journal of Philosophy 22 (26):711-716.
  34. The Critical Pragmatism of Alain Locke: A Reader on Value Theory, Aesthetics, Community, Culture, Race, and Education.Nancy Fraser, Astrid Franke, Sally J. Scholz, Mark Helbling, Judith M. Green, Richard Shusterman, Beth J. Singer, Jane Duran, Earl L. Stewart, Richard Keaveny, Rudolph V. Vanterpool, Greg Moses, Charles Molesworth, Verner D. Mitchell, Clevis Headley, Kenneth W. Stikkers, Talmadge C. Guy, Laverne Gyant, Rudolph A. Cain, Blanche Radford Curry, Segun Gbadegesin, Stephen Lester Thompson & Paul Weithman - 1999 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    In its comprehensive overview of Alain Locke's pragmatist philosophy this book captures the radical implications of Locke's approach within pragmatism, the critical temper embedded in Locke's works, the central role of power and empowerment of the oppressed and the concept of broad democracy Locke employed.
     
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  35. A Tool for Policymakers in Developing Countries.Zara Merali, Peter A. Singer, Victor Boulyjenkov & Abdallah S. Daar - 2004 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 32:4.
     
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  36. Èuber Ernst Machs "Erkenntnis Und Irrtum" Mit Zwei Anhèangen, Kleine Schriften Èuber Enrst Mach, der Brentano-Mach-Briefwechsel.A. A. - 1988 - Peeters Press.
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  37. Evolutionary Game Theory and the Origins of Fairness Norms.Zachary J. Ernst - 2002 - Dissertation, The University of Wisconsin - Madison
    In numerous studies, experimental economists have documented the fact that people tend to propose that divisible goods be divided equally. It has often been proposed, most notably by the sociobiologists, that this tendency may have a biological basis, and might be the product of evolution and natural selection. ;My dissertation addresses methodological and philosophical problems that arise in the course of establishing this naturalistic claim. Specifically, the focus of this dissertation is on the project of using evolutionary game theory to (...)
     
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  38.  31
    The Role of Moral Intensity and Fairness Perception in Judgments of Ethicality: A Comparison of Managerial Professionals and the General Public. [REVIEW]M. S. Singer - 1996 - Journal of Business Ethics 15 (4):469 - 474.
    Using a scenario approach involving hypothetical moral decisions, the study aims to (1) compare managerial professionals' ethicality judgments with those made by the general public, and (2) ascertain the roles of perceived intensity (Jones, 1991) as well as perceived fairness of the moral issue in judgments of ethicality. While the two respondent groups made similar ratings on variables of moral intensity, fairness, and ethicality; the evaluation processes underlying their ethicality judgments were different. Empirically, the study has also established a link (...)
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  39. The Singer Solution to World Poverty.Peter Singer - unknown
    In the Brazilian film "Central Station," Dora is a retired schoolteacher who makes ends meet by sitting at the station writing letters for illiterate people. Suddenly she has an opportunity to pocket $1,000. All she has to do is persuade a homeless 9-year-old boy to follow her to an address she has been given. (She is told he will be adopted by wealthy foreigners.) She delivers the boy, gets the money, spends some of it on a television set and settles (...)
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  40.  42
    Integrating Ethics and Strategy: A Pragmatic Approach.Alan E. Singer - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 92 (4):479-491.
    An organizing framework is set out for the diverse literature on business ethics in relation to strategic management. It consists of sets of bi-polar components, spanning themes and topical themes, with a derived typology of contributions. Then, in the spirit of classical pragmatism, the organizing framework is re-cast as an integrative conceptual model of the strategy–ethics relationship. The approach recognizes that both pragmatism and dialectics can underpin progress towards integration, encompassing both normative and empirical aspects.
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  41.  14
    Prioritizing Democracy: A Commentary on Smith’s Presidential Address to the Society for Business Ethics.Abraham Singer & Amit Ron - 2020 - Business Ethics Quarterly 30 (1):139-153.
    ABSTRACT:In his 2018 presidential address to the Society of Business Ethics, Jeffery Smith claimed that political approaches to business ethics must be attentive to both the distinctive nature of commercial activity and, at the same time, the degree to which such commercial activity is structured by political decisions and choices. In what we take to be a friendly extension of the argument, we claim that Smith does not go far enough with this insight. Smith’s political approach to business ethics focuses (...)
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  42. A Companion to Ethics.Peter Singer (ed.) - 1991 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    In this volume, some of today's most distinguished philosophers survey the whole field of ethics, from its origins, through the great ethical traditions, to theories of how we ought to live, arguments about specific ethical issues, and the nature of ethics itself. The book can be read straight through from beginning to end; yet the inclusion of a multi-layered index, coupled with a descriptive outline of contents and bibliographies of relevant literature, means that the volume also serves as a work (...)
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  43.  20
    A Companion to Bioethics.Helga Kuhse & Peter Singer (eds.) - 1998 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    This second edition of _A Companion to Bioethics,_ fully revised and updated to reflect the current issues and developments in the field, covers all the material that the reader needs to thoroughly grasp the ideas and debates involved in bioethics. Thematically organized around an unparalleled range of issues, including discussion of the moral status of embryos and fetuses, new genetics, life and death, resource allocation, organ donations, AIDS, human and animal experimentation, health care, and teaching Now includes new essays on (...)
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  44.  61
    Shifting Roles, Enduring Values: The Credible Journalist in a Digital Age.Arthur S. Hayes, Jane B. Singer & Jerry Ceppos - 2007 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 22 (4):262 – 279.
    When everyone can be a publisher, what distinguishes the journalist? This article considers contemporary challenges to institutional roles in a digital media environment and then turns to three broad journalistic normative values - authenticity, accountability, and autonomy - that affect the credibility of journalists and the content they provide. A set of questions that can help citizens determine the trustworthiness of information available to them emerges from the discussion.
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  45.  35
    Teaching Ethics Cases: A Pragmatic Approach.Alan E. Singer - 2013 - Business Ethics 22 (1):16-31.
    A new framework-based approach to teaching and analyzing business ethics cases is set out. Using the framework, students are encouraged to adopt two different perspectives: business as usual and a more obviously moral point of view. Subsequently, they are prompted to craft a synthesis or compromise. Several pedagogical benefits flow from adopting the approach, including the cultivation of moral tolerance and improvements in the structure and scope of written action justifications. In addition, the framework enables students to relate ethical theories (...)
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  46.  76
    Ethics and Climate Change: A Commentary on MacCracken, Toman and Gardiner.Peter Singer - 2006 - Environmental Values 15 (3):415 - 422.
    Climate change is an ethical issue, because it involves the distribution of a scarce resource – the capacity of the atmosphere to absorb our waste gases without producing consequences that no one wants. Various principles might be used to decide what distribution is just. This commentary argues that on any plausible principle, the industrialised nations should be doing much more than they are doing now, and much more than they are required to do by the Kyoto protocol, to reduce their (...)
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  47.  82
    Functional Anatomy: A Taxonomic Proposal.Ingvar Johansson, Barry Smith, Katherine Munn, Nikoloz Tsikolia, Kathleen Elsner, Dominikus Ernst & Dirk Siebert - 2005 - Acta Biotheoretica 53 (3):153-166.
    It is argued that medical science requires a classificatory system that (a) puts functions in the taxonomic center and (b) does justice ontologically to the difference between the processes which are the realizations of functions and the objects which are their bearers. We propose formulae for constructing such a system and describe some of its benefits. The arguments are general enough to be of interest to all the life sciences.
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  48.  25
    A Strategy to Improve Priority Setting in Health Care Institutions.Doug Martin & Peter Singer - 2003 - Health Care Analysis 11 (1):59-68.
    Priority setting (also known as resource allocation or rationing) occurs at every level of every health system and is one of the most significant health care policy questions of the 21st century. Because it is so prevalent and context specific, improving priority setting in a health system entails improving it in the institutions that constitute the system. But, how should this be done? Normative approaches are necessary because they help identify key values that clarify policy choices, but insufficient because different (...)
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  49. Why Speciesism is Wrong: A Response to Kagan.Peter Singer - 2016 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 33 (1):31-35.
    In Animal Liberation I argued that we commonly ignore or discount the interests of sentient members of other species merely because they are not human, and that this bias in favour of members of our own species is, in important respects, parallel to the biases that lie behind racism and sexism. Shelly Kagan, in ‘What's Wrong With Speciesism’ misconstrues this argument, as well as the principle of equal consideration of interests, which I offer as an alternative to speciesism. Kagan also (...)
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  50. Factory Farming: A Moral Issue.Peter Singer - unknown
    There is a growing consensus that factory farming of animals — also known as CAFOs, or concentrated animal feeding operations — is morally wrong. The American animal rights movement, which in its early years focused largely on the use of animals in research, now has come to see that factory farming represents by far the greater abuse of animals. The numbers speak for themselves. In the United States somewhere between 20 million and 40 million birds and mammals are killed for (...)
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