95 found
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  1. Animal Species and Evolution.Ernst Mayr - 1963 - Belknap of Harvard University Press.
  2.  58
    Toward a New Philosophy of Biology: Observations of an Evolutionist.Ernst Mayr - 1988 - Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.
    Provides a philosophical analysis of such biological concepts as natural selection, adaptation, speciation, and evolution.
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  3. The Growth of Biological Thought: Diversity, Evolution, and Inheritance.Ernst Mayr - 1985 - Journal of the History of Biology 18 (1):145-153.
     
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  4. Darwinism Evolving. System Dynamics and the Genealogy of Natural Selection.David J. Depew, Bruce H. Weber & Ernst Mayr - 1996 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 18 (1):135.
     
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  5.  41
    Populations, Species and Evolution: An Abridgment of Animal Species and Evolution.Ernst Mayr - 1970 - Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.
    In the Preface of Animal Species and Evolution (1963), I wrote that it was "an attempt to summarize and review critically what we know about the biology and genetics of animal species and their role in evolution." The result was a volume of XIV ...
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  6. What Makes Biology Unique?: Considerations on the Autonomy of a Scientific Discipline.Ernst Mayr - 2004 - Cambridge University Press.
    This collection of revised and new essays argues that biology is an autonomous science rather than a branch of the physical sciences. Ernst Mayr, widely considered the most eminent evolutionary biologist of the 20th century, offers insights on the history of evolutionary thought, critiques the conditions of philosophy to the science of biology, and comments on several of the major developments in evolutionary theory. Notably, Mayr explains that Darwin's theory of evolution is actually five separate theories, each with its own (...)
     
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  7.  4
    What Evolution Is.Ernst Mayr - 2001 - Phoenix.
  8.  52
    One Long Argument: Charles Darwin and the Genesis of Modern Evolutionary Thought.Ernst Mayr - 1991 - Harvard University Press.
    This is an important book for students, biologists, and general readers interested in the history of ideas--especially ideas that have radically altered our ...
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  9. What is a Species, and What is Not?Ernst Mayr - 1996 - Philosophy of Science 63 (2):262-277.
    I analyze a number of widespread misconceptions concerning species. The species category, defined by a concept, denotes the rank of a species taxon in the Linnaean hierarchy. Biological species are reproducing isolated from each other, which protects the integrity of their genotypes. Degree of morphological difference is not an appropriate species definition. Unequal rates of evolution of different characters and lack of information on the mating potential of isolated populations are the major difficulties in the demarcation of species taxa.
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  10. Principles of Systematic Zoology.Ernst Mayr - 1969 - McGraw-Hill.
  11.  11
    This Is Biology: The Science of the Living World.Ernst Mayr & Edward O. Wilson - 1999 - Journal of the History of Biology 32 (2):385-394.
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  12.  96
    Teleological and Teleonomic, a New Analysis.Ernst Mayr - 1974 - In R. S. Cohen & Marx W. Wartofsky (eds.), Methodological and Historical Essays in the Natural and Social Sciences. Boston: Reidel. pp. 91--117.
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  13.  3
    Toward a New Philosophy of Biology.Ernst Mayr - 1990 - Philosophy of Science 57 (4):725-727.
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  14. Typological Versus Population Thinking.Ernst Mayr - 1994 - In E. Sober (ed.), Conceptual Issues in Evolutionary Biology. The Mit Press. Bradford Books. pp. 157--160.
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  15. The Growth of Biological Thought Diversity, Evolution, and Inheritance /Ernst Mayr. --. --.Ernst Mayr - 1982 - Belknap Press, 1982.
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  16.  33
    The Idea of Teleology.Ernst Mayr - 1992 - Journal of the History of Ideas 53 (1):117-135.
  17.  37
    The Ontological Status of Species: Scientific Progress and Philosophical Terminology.Ernst Mayr - 1987 - Biology and Philosophy 2 (2):145-66.
  18.  8
    Toward a New Philosophy of Biology.Ernst Mayr - 1990 - Philosophy East and West 40 (2):264-266.
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  19.  15
    Evolution.Ernst Mayr - 1978 - Scientific American 239:46-55.
  20. One Long Argument: Charles Darwin and the Genesis of Modern Evolutionary Thought.Ernst Mayr - 1993 - Journal of the History of Biology 26 (2):378-380.
     
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  21.  12
    Systematics and the Origin of Species From the Viewpoint of a Zoologist.Ernst Mayr - 1942 - Columbia University Press.
    WE HAVE LEARNED in the preceding chapter that a revolutionary change of the species concept is in the making, a change which not only affects taxonomic procedure, but which also contributes considerably toward a better understanding of ...
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  22.  2
    Toward a New Philosophy of Biology.Ernst Mayr - 1990 - Journal of the History of Biology 23 (2):321-328.
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  23.  28
    Answers to These Comments.Ernst Mayr - 1987 - Biology and Philosophy 2 (2):212-225.
  24.  28
    Darwin's Principle of Divergence.Ernst Mayr - 1992 - Journal of the History of Biology 25 (3):343-359.
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  25. What Makes Biology Unique? Considerations on the Autonomy of a Scientific Discipline.Ernst Mayr - 2005 - Journal of the History of Biology 38 (3):609-614.
     
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  26. Species Concepts and Definitions.Ernst Mayr - 1957 - In The Species Problem. American Association for the Advancement of Science. pp. 1-22.
  27.  93
    Proximate and Ultimate Causations.Ernst Mayr - 1993 - Biology and Philosophy 8 (1):93-94.
  28.  15
    When is Historiography Whiggish?Ernst Mayr - 1990 - Journal of the History of Ideas 51 (2):301-309.
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  29.  28
    The Multiple Meanings of 'Teleological'.Ernst Mayr - 1998 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 20 (1):35 - 40.
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  30. The Biological Species Concept.Ernst Mayr - 2000 - In Quentin D. Wheeler & Rudolf Meier (eds.), Species Concepts and Phylogenetic Theory: A Debate. Columbia University Press. pp. 17-29.
     
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  31.  13
    Biological Classification: Toward a Synthesis of Opposing Methodologies.Ernst Mayr - 1994 - In E. Sober (ed.), Conceptual Issues in Evolutionary Biology. The Mit Press. Bradford Books. pp. 510--277.
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  32. Footnotes on the Philosophy of Biology.Ernst Mayr - 1969 - Philosophy of Science 36 (2):197-202.
  33.  14
    Speciation Phenomena in Birds.Ernst Mayr - 1940 - American Naturalist 74 (752):249-278.
  34.  18
    Weismann and Evolution.Ernst Mayr - 1985 - Journal of the History of Biology 18 (3):295-329.
  35.  34
    Lamarck Revisited.Ernst Mayr - 1972 - Journal of the History of Biology 5 (1):55-94.
  36. Reasons for the Failure of Theories.Ernst Mayr - 1994 - Philosophy of Science 61 (4):529-533.
    A theory may be invalid, not owing to erroneous observations or the invocation of an inappropriate law, but because of the use of equivocal terms. This is demonstrated for Darwin's failed model of sympatric speciation through the principle of divergence.
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  37.  3
    The Recent Historiography of Genetics.Ernst Mayr - 1973 - Journal of the History of Biology 6 (1):125-154.
    It is evident how much Olby and Provine have contributed to a better understanding of the emergence of genetics. It is equally evident, I believe, how many obscure issues still remain to be elucidated. Indeed, their volumes have raised as many new questions as they have answered old ones. In particular, the role of constructive as well as retarding contemporary concepts in the development of new generalizations still requires far more analysis. The somewhat independent trends of various national schools and (...)
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  38. Principles of Systematic Zoology.Ernst Mayr & Peter D. Ashlock - 1991 - McGraw-Hill.
     
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  39.  39
    Response to John Beatty.Ernst Mayr - 1994 - Biology and Philosophy 9 (3):357-358.
  40.  29
    Response to Walter Bock.Ernst Mayr - 1994 - Biology and Philosophy 9 (3):329-331.
  41.  28
    The Why and How of Species.Ernst Mayr - 1988 - Biology and Philosophy 3 (4):431-441.
    The biological species concept deals both with the meaning of the sexual species as a harmonious gene pool and with its protection against deleterious outbreeding (effected by isolating mechanisms). According to the Darwin-Muller-Mayr theory isolating mechanisms are acquired by incipient species during alloparty. Isolating mechanisms are not the result of ad hoc selection, but of a change of function of properties acquired during the preceding isolation of the incipient species. The role of behavioral properties (recognition) among the isolating mechanisms has (...)
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  42.  43
    A Response to David Kitts.Ernst Mayr - 1988 - Biology and Philosophy 3 (1):97-98.
  43. Methods and Principles of Systematic Zoology.Ernst Mayr, E. Gorton Linsley & Robert L. Usinger - 1953 - McGraw-Hill Book Company.
     
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  44. The Species Problem.Ernst Mayr (ed.) - 1957 - American Association for the Advancement of Science.
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  45. Dean of the Birdwatchers.William Davis & Ernst Mayr - 1995 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 17 (3):503.
     
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  46. The Autonomy of Biology.Ernst Mayr - 2004 - Ludus Vitalis: Revista de Filosofía de Las Ciencias de la Vida, México 12 (21):15-28.
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  47.  17
    Comments on David Hull's Paper on Exemplars and Type Specimens.Ernst Mayr - 1982 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1982:504 - 511.
    The type in taxonomy is not meant to be a particularly typical specimen, but simply a reference specimen suited to serve as a 'name bearer' whenever doubt arises concerning the identity of a species. The minimum requirement is that the specimen reflects some differentiating characteristics of the species. In analogy, only such individuals should be made the type of an ideological system as adhere to the principal ideologies of that system. Only such an evolutionist could serve as type for Darwinism (...)
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  48.  15
    Illiger and the Biological Species Concept.Ernst Mayr - 1968 - Journal of the History of Biology 1 (2):163-178.
  49.  17
    The Life and Letters of Charles Darwin.Ernst Mayr - 1971 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 2 (3):273-280.
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  50.  27
    Systems of Ordering Data.Ernst Mayr - 1995 - Biology and Philosophy 10 (4):419-434.
    Four ordering systems have been used most frequently in taxonomy: (1) special purpose classifications, (2) downward classifications (identification schemes), (3) upward or grouping classifications (traditional), and (4) Hennigian phylogenetic systems. The special properties of these four systems are critically evaluated. Grouping classifications and phylogenetic systems have very different objectives: the former the documentation of similarity and closeness of relationship, the latter of phylogeny. Both are legitimate ordering systems.
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