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Eszter Kollar
Goethe University Frankfurt
  1.  23
    Prenatal Equality of Opportunity.Eszter Kollar & Michele Loi - 2015 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 32 (1):35-49.
    In this article, we defend a normative theory of prenatal equality of opportunity, based on a critical revision of Rawls's principle of fair equality of opportunity . We argue that if natural endowments are defined as biological properties possessed at birth and the distribution of natural endowments is seen as beyond the scope of justice, Rawls's FEO allows for inequalities that undermine the social conditions of a property-owning democracy. We show this by considering the foetal programming of disease and the (...)
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  2.  15
    What is Wrong with the Emergency Justification of Compulsory Medical Service?Eszter Kollar - 2017 - Journal of Medical Ethics 43 (8):560-561.
    Michael Blake holds that liberal states are precluded from introducing compulsory medical service to improve access to health care under conditions of critical health worker shortage. "Emergency circumstances" are the only exception when the suspension of liberty may be justified. I argue that there are three problems with Blake's emergency justification of compulsory service. First, his concept of emergency is vague. Second, his account does not really rely on emergency as much as liberty. Third, his conception of permissible restrictions of (...)
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  3.  2
    Ethics and Policy of Medical Brain Drain: A Review.Eszter Kollar & Alena Buyx - 2013 - Swiss Medical Weekly 143:1-8.
    Health-worker migration, commonly called "medical brain drain", refers to the mass migration of trained and skilled health professionals from low-income to high-income countries. This is currently leaving a significant number of poor countries, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa, with critical staff shortages in the healthcare sector. A broad consensus exists that, where medical brain drain exacerbates such shortages, it is unethical, and this review presents the main arguments underpinning this view. Notwithstanding the general agreement, which policies are justifiable on ethical grounds (...)
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  4.  22
    Global Equality of Opportunity and Self-Determination in the Context of Immigration.Eszter Kollar - 2017 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 20 (6):726-735.
    © 2016 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. David Miller’s political philosophy of immigration employs two complementary argumentative strategies to challenge open border theories. The first strategy is to defeat the principled case for open borders, such as the global equality of opportunity argument for more lax immigration control. The second strategy is to establish the democratic community’s prima facie right to determine the shape of its future, including membership and the right to exclude. First, I argue (...)
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  5.  16
    Sridhar Venkatapuram's Health Justice: A Collection of Critical Essays and A Response From the Author.Alena Buyx, Eszter Kollar & Sebastian Laukötter - 2016 - Bioethics 30 (1):2-4.
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  6.  20
    Not by Bread Alone: Inequality, Relative Deprivation, and Self Respect.Eszter Kollar & Daniele Santoro - 2012 - Philosophical Topics 40 (1):79-96.
    Inequality causes a variety of social ills, which give egalitarians reasons for concerns of justice. In particular, inequality is deemed to undermine people’s fundamental moral capacity of self-respect. In this paper, we explore the complex relationship between inequality and self-respect from a philosophical and an empirical angle, arguing that a theory of justice should take both into account. To this purpose, we first clarify the normative objection to inequality from the alleged erosion of self-respect. Then, we elaborate on empirical findings (...)
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  7.  32
    Which Dimensions Should Matter for Capabilities? A Constitutional Approach.Francesco Burchi, Pasquale De Muro & Eszter Kollar - 2014 - Ethics and Social Welfare 8 (3):233-247.
  8.  18
    Humanity and Justice in Global Health: Problems with Venkatapuram's Justification of the Global Health Duty.Eszter Kollar, Sebastian Laukötter & Alena Buyx - 2016 - Bioethics 30 (1):41-48.
    One of the most ambitious and sophisticated recent approaches to provide a theory of global health justice is Sridhar Venkatapuram's recent work. In this commentary, we first outline the core idea of Venkatapuram's approach to global health justice. We then argue that one of the most important elements of the account, Venkatapuram's basis of global health duties, is either too weak or assumed implicitly without a robust justification. The more explicit grounding of the duty to protect and promote health capabilities (...)
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  9.  5
    Women's Bodies and Global Poverty Eradication.Peter Balint, Eszter Kollar, Patti Lenard & Tiziana Torresi - 2015 - Global Justice: Theory Practice Rhetoric 8 (1).
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  10.  4
    The Distinction Between Taxation and Public Service in the Debate on Emigration.Eszter Kollar - 2016 - Law, Ethics and Philosophy 4:109-118.
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  11.  2
    Symposium on Brain Drain: The Merits and Limits of Furthering Normative Solutions in Source Countries.Eszter Kollar - 2016 - Moral Philosophy and Politics 3 (1):1-5.
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