Results for 'Ethics, Evolutionary'

1000+ found
Order:
  1.  15
    Contract Ethics: Evolutionary Biology and the Moral Sentiments.Howard Kahane - 1995 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Recent theorists have suggested that human altruism toward non-family members evolved because of the tremendous benefits of reciprocity. Developing further the notion that evolutionary theory can help to explain moral sentiments, Howard Kahane proposes that a sense of fair play is essential to ethics and argues that moral obligation, too narrowly construed, prevents us from living rationally. He brings his account of fair play to bear on the ethics of various domains of social life including friendship, taxes, civil rights, (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  2. Contract Ethics; Evolutionary Biology and the Natural Sentiments.Howard Kahane - 1997 - Philosophy 72 (281):468-471.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  3.  24
    Contract Ethics; Evolutionary Biology and the Natural Sentiments By Kahane Howard Rowman and Littlefield, Lanham, Maryland 1995, Pp. Xiii+142.Mary Midgley - 1997 - Philosophy 72 (281):468-.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  4. Evolution and the Foundations of Ethics: Evolutionary Perspectives on Contemporary Normative and Metaethical Theories.John Mizzoni - 2016 - Lexington Books.
    This book outlines the rich array of work being done with evolution and ethics by biologists, zoologists, paleontologists, philosophers, theologians, psychologists, and political scientists. John Mizzoni argues that we can understand ethical elements more deeply through an evolutionary perspective and ten theories of ethics.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  5.  13
    Evolutionary Ethics.Matthew H. Nitecki & Doris V. Nitecki (eds.) - 1993 - SUNY Press.
    This volume analyzes the biological and philosophical disagreements in evolutionary ethics and points out difficulties with the interpretations. The book is divided into four sections. The first is an historical introduction to the origin of evolutionary ethics, showing how different evolutionary ethics was a hundred years ago, and how distant Huxley is from most of us now. The second section argues for a sociobiological interpretation of evolutionary ethics. The third section presents the view opposite to that (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  6.  44
    Evolutionary Ethics and Contemporary Biology.Giovanni Boniolo & Gabriele De Anna (eds.) - 2006 - Cambridge University Press.
    How can the discoveries made in the biological sciences play a role in a discussion on the foundation of ethics? This book responds to this question by examining how evolutionism can explain and justify the existence of ethical normativity and the emergence of particular moral systems. Written by a team of philosophers and scientists, the essays collected in this volume deal with the limits of evolutionary explanations, the justifications of ethics, and methodological issues concerning evolutionary accounts of ethics, (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  7.  57
    Evolutionary Psychology in the Service of Moral Philosophy: A Possible Future for Ethics?William S. Lewis - 2011 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 25 (1):48-63.
    The question this essay takes up is that of whether Ethics as a discipline has something to learn from the literature in evolutionary moral psychology and if this mode of explanation should be part of its future. Its primary thesis is that Ethics does have much to learn because the sciences that study the evolutionary mechanisms by which ethical judgments are produced will allow us, in a naturalist and pragmatist fashion, to better understand the possibilities for achieving our (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  8. Evolutionary Ethics.Antony Flew - 1967 - New York: St. Martin's Press.
  9. Evolutionary Ethics.Michael Klenk - 2019 - Introduction to Philosophy: Ethics.
    This chapter first introduces naturalistic approaches to ethics more generally and distinguishes methodological ethical naturalism (the focus of this chapter), from metaphysical ethical naturalism. The second part then discusses evolutionary ethics as a specific variant of methodological ethical naturalism. After introducing the concepts of evolutionary theory that are relevant for evolutionary ethics, I will sketch the history of evolutionary ethics, which offers an interesting lesson about why it became a controversial topic, and then focus on four (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  10. Evolutionary Ethics in the Light of Extended Synthesis.Adrianna Wozniak & Stefan Konstanczak - 2013 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 3 (1-2):21-30.
    The program of Evolutionary Ethics (EE) is based on the assumption that our moral features constitute adaptations and as such are to be explained in terms of the evolutionary process of natural selection. However, the fundamental assumption of EE was seriously put into question: the level of analysis relevant for moral features is essentially ontogeny and culture, while the explanation using natural selection applies to the level of phylogeny and genes (Sober, 1995; Ayala, 1995; Okasha, 2009). To the (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  11. 西方进化伦理学/Evolutionary Ethics in the West/进化论运用于伦理学的尝试/西方伦理学流派研究丛书: 进化论运用于伦理学的尝试.Yuanzhao Shu - 2006 - Hunan Shi Fan da Xue Chu Ban She.
    本书首先对达尔文以群体选择论为主要基础的道德进化论作了细致的考察,接着论述了斯宾塞等人的社会达尔文主义,以及托马斯·赫胥黎和克鲁泡特金等人所提供的早期进化伦理学诸形态,进而考察了进化论在生命哲学伦理学 、精神分析伦理学和实用主义伦理学中所产生的多方面的深刻影响。.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  12.  9
    Evolutionary Psychology in the Service of Moral Philosophy: A Possible Future for Ethics?S. Lewis William - 2011 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 25 (1):48-63.
  13. Evolutionary Ethics: Volume Iii.Neil Levy - 2010 - Routledge.
  14. The Temptations of Evolutionary Ethics.Paul Lawrence Farber - 1994 - University of California Press.
    Evolutionary theory tells us about our biological past; can it also guide us to a moral future? Paul Farber's compelling book describes a century-old philosophical hope held by many biologists, anthropologists, psychologists, and social thinkers: that universal ethical and social imperatives are built into human nature and can be discovered through knowledge of evolutionary theory. Farber describes three upsurges of enthusiasm for evolutionary ethics. The first came in the early years of mid-nineteenth century evolutionary theories; the (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   14 citations  
  15.  40
    Evolutionary Debunking Arguments: Ethics, Philosophy of Religion, Philosophy of Mathematics, Metaphysics, and Epistemology.Diego E. Machuca (ed.) - 2022 - New York: Routledge.
    Recent years have seen an explosion of interest in evolutionary debunking arguments directed against certain types of belief, particularly moral and religious beliefs. According to those arguments, the evolutionary origins of the cognitive mechanisms that produce the targeted beliefs render these beliefs epistemically unjustified. The reason is that natural selection cares for reproduction and survival rather than truth, and false beliefs can in principle be as evolutionarily advantageous as true beliefs. The present volume brings together fourteen essays that (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  16.  64
    Evolutionary Ethics From Darwin to Moore.Fritz Allhoff - 2003 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 25 (1):51 - 79.
    Evolutionary ethics has a long history, dating all the way back to Charles Darwin.1 Almost immediately after the publication of the Origin, an immense interest arose in the moral implications of Darwinism and whether the truth of Darwinism would undermine traditional ethics. Though the biological thesis was certainly exciting, nobody suspected that the impact of the Origin would be confined to the scientific arena. As one historian wrote, 'whether or not ancient populations of armadillos were transformed into the species (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  17.  3
    Issues in Evolutionary Ethics.Paul Thompson (ed.) - 1995 - State University of New York Press.
    This book explores historical and current discussions of the relevance of evolutionary theory to ethics. The historical section conveys the intellectual struggle that took place within the framework of Darwinism from its inception up to the work of G. C. Williams, W. D. Hamilton, R. D. Alexander, A. L. Trivers, E. O. Wilson, R. Dawkins, and others. The contemporary section discusses ethics within the framework of evolutionary theory as enriched by the works of biologists such as those mentioned (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  18.  98
    An Introduction to Evolutionary Ethics.Scott M. James - 2010 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    Offering the first general introductory text to this subject, the timely _Introduction to_ _Evolutionary Ethics_ reflects the most up-to-date research and current issues being debated in both psychology and philosophy. The book presents students to the areas of cognitive psychology, normative ethics, and metaethics. The first general introduction to evolutionary ethics Provides a comprehensive survey of work in three distinct areas of research: cognitive psychology, normative ethics, and metaethics Presents the most up-to-date research available in both psychology and philosophy (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   19 citations  
  19.  2
    Evolutionary Biology: Conceptual, Ethical, and Religious Issues.R. Paul Thompson & Denis Walsh (eds.) - 2014 - Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Evolution - both the fact that it occurred and the theory describing the mechanisms by which it occurred - is an intrinsic and central component in modern biology. Theodosius Dobzhansky captures this well in the much-quoted title of his 1973 paper 'Nothing in biology makes sense except in the light of evolution'. The correctness of this assertion is even more obvious today: philosophers of biology and biologists agree that the fact of evolution is undeniable and that the theory of evolution (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  20.  22
    Evolutionary Ethics: A Crack in the Foundation of Ethics?John Mizzoni - 1998 - Theoretical Ethics.
    Michael Ruse has argued that evolutionary ethics discredits the objectivity and foundations of ethics. Ruse must employ dubitable assumptions, however, to reach his conclusion. We can trace these assumptions to G. E. Moore. Also, part of Ruse’s case against the foundations of ethics can support the objectivity and foundations of ethics. Cooperative activity geared toward human flourishing helps point the way to a naturalistic moral realism and not exclusively to ethical skepticism as Ruse supposes.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  21. Evolutionary Debunking Arguments in Ethics.Diego E. Machuca - 2018 - Oxford Bibliographies in Philosophy.
    There are at least three different genealogical accounts of morality: the ontogenetic, the sociohistorical, and the evolutionary. One can thus construct, in principle, three distinct genealogical debunking arguments of morality, i.e., arguments that appeal to empirical data, or to an empirical hypothesis, about the origin of morality to undermine either its ontological foundation or the epistemic credentials of our moral beliefs. The genealogical account that has been, particularly since the early 2000s, the topic of a burgeoning line of inquiry (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  22.  71
    Evolutionary Ethics.Doris Schroeder - 2001 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  23.  2
    Hitler’s Ethic: The Nazi Pursuit of Evolutionary Progress.Richard Weikart (ed.) - 2009 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
    In this book, Weikart helps unlock the mystery of Hitler ’s evil by vividly demonstrating the surprising conclusion that Hitler ’s immorality flowed from a coherent ethic. Hitler was inspired by evolutionary ethics to pursue the utopian project of biologically improving the human race. This ethic underlay or influenced almost every major feature of Nazi policy: eugenics, euthanasia, racism, population expansion, offensive warfare, and racial extermination.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  24. Evolutionary Pragmatism and Ethics.Beth L. Eddy - 2015 - Lexington Books.
    This book details a pragmatic approach to the ethical and religious implications of a Darwinian perspective, drawing on the work of thinkers both secular and religious. The approach taken by James, Santayana, Addams, and Dewey should be of interest to scholars of religious naturalism and humanistic ethics.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  25.  16
    The Evolutionary Ethics of Alfred C. Kinsey.Frederick Churchill - 2002 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 24 (3/4):391 - 411.
    It is commonplace to point out that Alfred Kinsey's taxonomic work on gall wasps provided a methodology for his studies of human sexual behavior. It is equally commonplace to point out that, when researching and presenting his sexual studies, Kinsey's professedly neutral scientific data were constrained by a social agenda. What I have done in this paper is to join these two claims and demonstrate, with particular reference to Kinsey's Sexual Behavior in the Human Male, how his zoology helped guide (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  26.  40
    Evolutionary Ethics and Biologically Supportable Morality.Michael Byron - 1999 - Proceedings of Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy, PAIDEIA: Philosophy Educating Humanity.
    Consider the paradox of altruism: the existence of truly altruistic behaviors is difficult to reconcile with evolutionary theory if natural selection operates only on individuals, since in that case individuals should be unwilling to sacrifice their own fitness for the sake of others. Evolutionists have frequently turned to the hypothesis of group selection to explain the existence of altruism; but group selection cannot explain the evolution of morality, since morality is a one-group phenomenon and group selection is a many-group (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  27. Evolutionary Ethics.Julian Huxley - 1943 - Oxford University Press.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  28. Evolution, Society, and Ethics: Social Darwinism Versus Evolutionary Ethics.Christine Clavien - forthcoming - In Thomas Heams (ed.), Handbook of Evolutionary Biology (provis. Title). Springer.
    Evolutionary ethics (EE) is a branch of philosophy that arouses both fascination and deep suspicion. It claims that Darwinian mechanisms and evolutionary data on animal sociality are relevant to ethical reflection. This field of study is often misunderstood and rarely fails to conjure up images of Social Darwinism as a vector for nasty ideologies and policies. However, it is worth resisting the temptation to reduce EE to Social Darwinism and developing an objective analysis of whether it is appropriate (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  29.  9
    French Evolutionary Ethics During the Third Republic: Jean de Lanessan.Paul Lawrence Farber - 1999 - In Michael Ruse & Jane Maienschein (eds.), Biology and the Foundation of Ethics. Cambridge University Press.
  30. The Evolutionary Approach to Ethics.Gerard J. Dalcourt - 1973 - The Thomist 37 (2):341.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  31.  10
    Evolutionary Ethics and Contemporary Biology. [REVIEW]William FitzPatrick - 2007 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  32. Evolutionary Ethics and Christian Morality: Surveying the Issues.Jeffrey P. Schloss - 2004 - In Phillip Clayton & Jeffrey Schloss (eds.), Evolution and Ethics: Human Morality in Biological and Religious Perspective. Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co.. pp. 1--24.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  33. Evolutionary Ethics, Critical Study of H. Spencer's 'Data of Ethics', a Paper.Clarence H. Seyler & Herbert Spencer - 1891
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  34.  32
    Philosophy, Evolutionary Biology, and Ethics: Ernst Mayr and Hans Jonas.Strachan Donnelley - 2001 - Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 23 (1):147-163.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  35. Evolutionary Psychology and Ethics.Michael Price - 2004 - Philosophy for Business 5.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  36. Darwinian Evolutionary Ethics: Between Patriotism and Sympathy.Peter J. Richerson & Robert Boyd - 2004 - In Phillip Clayton & Jeffrey Schloss (eds.), Evolution and Ethics: Human Morality in Biological and Religious Perspective. Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co.. pp. 50--77.
  37.  46
    Evolutionary Pragmatism and Ethics by Beth L. Eddy. [REVIEW]Belén Pueyo-Ibáñez - 2019 - The Pluralist 14 (2):126-128.
    The fact that Dewey was born the same year in which Darwin’s On the Origin of Species was published is one of the historical coincidences most commonly mentioned by those interested in American philosophy. Such lack of originality—mine included—is perfectly justified by the fact that pragmatism would not exist, at least not as we know it, without Darwin. The intersection between philosophy and evolutionary theories has been amply explored. In this book, Beth L. Eddy offers us an additional examination, (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  38.  7
    How Ethical is Evolutionary Ethics?Alan Gewirth - 1993 - In Matthew Nitecki & Doris Nitecki (eds.), Evolutionary Ethics. Suny Press. pp. 241--256.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  39. Evolutionary Ethics.J. S. Huxley - 1944 - Philosophy 19 (73):170-171.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  40. Evolutionary Ethics.Julian S. Huxley - 1944 - Mind 53 (212):344-367.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  41.  10
    Ethics and Evolutionary Continuity: Comments on De Waal, Lyons, Moran, and Kraemer.Ronnie Hawkins - 2002 - Between the Species 13 (2):1.
  42.  24
    Evolutionary Ethics.Catherine Wilson - 2007 - In Mohan Matthen & Christopher Stephens (eds.), Philosophy of Biology. Elsevier. pp. 219.
  43.  48
    Evolutionary Ethics: An Irresistible Temptation: Some Reflections on Paul Farber‘s The Temptation of Evolutionary Ethics. [REVIEW]William A. Rottschaefer - 1997 - Biology and Philosophy 12 (3):369-384.
    In his recent The Temptation of Evolutionary Ethics, Paul Farber has given a negative assessment of the last one hundred years of attempts in Anglo-American philosophy, beginning with Darwin, to develop an evolutionary ethics. Farber identifies some version of the naturalistic fallacy as one of the central sources for the failures of evolutionary ethics. For this reason, and others, Farber urges that though it has its attraction, evolutionary ethics is a temptation to be resisted. In this (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  44. Evolutionary Ethics: Its Origins and Contemporary Face.Paul Thompson - 1999 - Zygon 34 (3):473-484.
    The development of modern evolutionary ethics began shortly after the publication of Charles Darwin's On the Origin of Species by Natural Selection. Early discussions were plagued by several problems. First, evolutionary ethical explanations were dependent on group-selection accounts of social behavior (especially the explanation of altruism). Second, they seem to violate the philosophical principle that “ought” statements cannot be derived from “is” statements alone (values cannot be derivedfrom facts alone). Third, evolutionary ethics appeared to be biologically deterministic, (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  45.  50
    Shall We Adapt? Evolutionary Ethics and Climate Change.Jeroen Hopster - 2020 - In J. Hermann, J. K. G. Hopster, W. F. Kalf & M. B. O. T. Klenk (eds.), Philosophy in the Age of Science? Inquiries into Philosophical Progress, Method, and Societal Relevance.
    In this chapter I zoom in on a topic in climate ethics that has not previously received academic scrutiny: the intersection between evolutionary ethics and climate change. I argue that in the context of climate discourse, an evolutionary perspective can be illuminating, but may also invite moral corruption and reasoning fallacies. Relating my discussion to the general theme of the book, I argue that academic philosophy is well-positioned to fulfil a specific societal role, which is particularly important in (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  46. The Evolutionary Limits of Liberalism: Democratic Problems, Market Solutions and the Ethics of Preference Satisfaction.Filipe Nobre Faria - 2019 - Springer Verlag.
    This book assesses the evolutionary sustainability of liberalism. The book’s central claim is that liberal institutions ultimately weaken their social groups in the evolutionary process of inter-group competition. In this sense, institutions relying on the liberal satisfaction of preferences reveal maladaptive tendencies. Based on the model of multilevel selection, this work appraises the capacity of liberal democracy and free markets to satisfy preferences. In particular, the book re-evaluates public choice theory’s classic postulate that free markets are a suitable (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  47. Evolutionary Ethics: A Phoenix Arisen.Michael Ruse - 1986 - Zygon 21 (1):95-112.
    Evolutionary ethics has a bad reputation. But we must not remain prisoners of our past. Recent advances in Darwinian evolutionary biology pave the way for a linking of science and morality, at once more modest yet more profound than earlier excursions in this direction. There is no need to repudiate the insights of the great philosophers of the past, particularly David Hume. So humans’ simian origins really matter. The question is not whether evolution is to be linked to (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   34 citations  
  48.  26
    Evolutionary Psychology and Business Ethics Research.Sefa Hayibor - 2009 - Business Ethics Quarterly 19 (4):587-616.
    In this article, we describe evolutionary psychology and its potential contribution to business ethics research. After summarizing evolutionary theory and natural selection, we specifically address the use of evolutionary concepts in psychology in order to offer alternative explanations of behavior relevant to business ethics, such as social exchange, cooperation, altruism, and reciprocity. Our position is that individuals, groups, and organizations all are affected by similar natural, evolutionary processes, such that evolutionary psychology is applicable at multiple (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  49.  10
    Ethics According to Nature in the Age of Evolutionary Thinking?Lorenz Krüger - 1987 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 30 (1):25-42.
    It is argued that the opposition of nature and ethics ought to be overcome by the cooperation of scientific and ethical studies. Beyond that, theoretical, practical and specifically political reasons suggest a serious examination of the possibilities for an ethical orientation derived from evolutionary biology. So far, however, the conceptual connexion between evolutionary facts and ethical norms appears to be insufficiently understood. Given that, suggestive connexions offered by biological thinkers need critical examination, especially of their hidden historical conditions (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  50.  24
    Ethics According to Nature in the Age of Evolutionary Thinking?Lorenz Krüger - 1987 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 30 (1):25-42.
    It is argued that the opposition of nature and ethics ought to be overcome by the cooperation of scientific and ethical studies. Beyond that, theoretical, practical and specifically political reasons suggest a serious examination of the possibilities for an ethical orientation derived from evolutionary biology. So far, however, the conceptual connexion between evolutionary facts and ethical norms appears to be insufficiently understood. Given that, suggestive connexions offered by biological thinkers need critical examination, especially of their hidden historical conditions (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
1 — 50 / 1000