Results for 'Ethnocentrism'

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  1.  16
    David A. Reidy/Rawls's Wide View of Public Reason: Not Wide Enough 49–72 Daniel Attas/the Case of Guest Workers: Exploitation, Citizenship and Economic Rights 73–92. [REVIEW]Justin Cruickshank, Social Contract Ethnocentrism, Carol Jones & A. Mere Idea - 2000 - Res Publica 6:345-346.
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  2. The Ambiguities of History: The Problem of Ethnocentrism in Historical Writing.Finn Fuglestad - 2005 - Unipub.
  3.  8
    Some Myths About Ethnocentrism.Adam Etinson - forthcoming - Australasian Journal of Philosophy:1-16.
    Ethnocentrism, it is said, involves believing certain things to be true: that one's culture is superior to others, more deserving of respect, or at the ‘centre’ of things. On the alternative view defended in this article, ethnocentrism is a type of bias, not a set of beliefs. If this is correct, it challenges conventional wisdom about the scope, danger, and avoidance of ethnocentrism.
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  4.  13
    The Effect of Moral Philosophy and Ethnocentrism on Quality-of-Life Orientation in International Marketing: A Cross-Culturaal Comparison. [REVIEW]Dong-Jin Lee & M. Joseph Sirgy - 1999 - Journal of Business Ethics 18 (1):73 - 89.
    This paper examines the effects of moral philosophy and ethnocentrism on quality of life orientation in international marketing. It also provides a cross-cultural comparison of ethical values between Koreans and Americans. International quality-of-life (IQOL) orientation refers to marketers' disposition to make decisions to enhance the well-being of consumers in foreign markets while preserving the well-being of other stakeholders. It is hypothesized that marketers' moral philosophy and ethnocentrism influence the development of marketers' IQOL. Specifically, the higher the IQOL orientation (...)
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  5.  61
    Liberalism, Ethnocentrism, and Solidarity: Reflections on Rorty.David Rondel - 2009 - Journal of Philosophical Research 34:55-68.
    In this paper I defend Richard Rorty against two critics of his moral and political philosophy—Will Kymlicka and Robert Talisse—to whom Rorty himself never responded directly. I argue that Kymlicka misrepresents Rorty’s so-called “ethnocentrism” by giving it a needlessly affirmative reading, and that Talisse, by failing to appreciate the distinction between “making truth claims” and “proposing experiments” misunderstands both Rorty’s use of Darwin and his antifoundational liberalism.
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  6.  3
    How to Overcome Ethnocentrism: Approaches to a Culture of Recognition by History in the Twenty‐First Century1.Jörn Rüsen - 2004 - History and Theory 43 (4):118-129.
    Much international and intercultural discourse about historiography is influenced by a way of historical thinking deeply rooted in human historical consciousness and that works throughout all cultures and in all times: ethnocentrism. Ethnocentric history conceives of identity in terms of “master-narratives” that define togetherness and difference as essential for identity in a way that causes tension and struggle. These narratives conceive of history in terms of “clashes of civilizations,” and they reinforce the idea that international and intercultural relations are (...)
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  7.  11
    Liberalism, Ethnocentrism, and Solidarity.David Rondel - 2009 - Journal of Philosophical Research 34:55-68.
    In this paper I defend Richard Rorty against two critics of his moral and political philosophy—Will Kymlicka and Robert Talisse—to whom Rorty himself never responded directly. I argue that Kymlicka misrepresents Rorty’s so-called “ethnocentrism” by giving it a needlessly affirmative reading, and that Talisse, by failing to appreciate the distinction between “making truth claims” and “proposing experiments” misunderstands both Rorty’s use of Darwin and his antifoundational liberalism.
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  8.  10
    Rethinking Ruddick and the Ethnocentrism Critique of Maternal Thinking.Jean Keller - 2010 - Hypatia 25 (4):834-851.
    In the early 1990s, Sara Ruddick's Maternal Thinking was criticized for harboring a latent ethnocentrism. Ruddick responded to these critiques in the 1995 edition of her book, but her response has not yet been addressed in the feminist philosophical literature. This essay addresses this lacuna in the scholarship on Ruddick. In the last installment of this critique, Alison Bailey and Patrice DiQuinzio suggested that the only way for Ruddick to avoid the ethnocentrism charge would require her near-universalistic claims (...)
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  9.  19
    Away From Ethnocentrism and Anthropocentrism: Towards a Scientific Understanding of “What Makes Us Human”.Christophe Boesch - 2010 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 33 (2-3):86 - 87.
    The quest to understand has been heading towards an impasse, when comparative psychology compares primarily individuals that are not representative of their species. Captives experience such divergent socioecological niches that they cannot stand for their wild counterparts. Only after removing ethnocentrism and anthropocentrism will we be able to progress in our understanding of.
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  10.  14
    Adam Ferguson and Ethnocentrism in the Science of Man.Craig Smith - 2012 - History of the Human Sciences 26 (1):0952695112467027.
    The Scottish moral philosopher Adam Ferguson (1723–1816) is recognized as one of the founding fathers of sociology and social science more generally. This article examines his early ruminations on what has come to be seen as one of the most pressing methodological concerns for social science: the problem of ethnocentrism. The article explores Ferguson’s attempts to deal with this problem and his attempt to plot the relationship between empirical research, theory formation and normative moral judgement. It argues that Ferguson (...)
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  11.  5
    When Nurture Becomes Nature: Ethnocentrism in Studies of Human Development.David F. Lancy - 2010 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 33 (2-3):99-100.
    This commentary will extend the territory claimed in the target article by identifying several other areas in the social sciences where findings from the WEIRD population have been over-generalized. An argument is made that the root problem is the ethnocentrism of scholars, textbook authors, and social commentators, which leads them to take their own cultural values as the norm.
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  12.  9
    The Relation of Moral Judgement to Authoritarianism, Sexism, Ethnocentrism, and Concern About Nuclear War.Marinus H. van Uzendoorn - 1990 - Journal of Moral Education 19 (1):38-47.
    Abstract This study focuses on the relation between moral arguments and political attitudes such as concern about nuclear war, sexism, attitudes toward minority groups, and authoritarianism. Forty?six high school students were involved in a quantitative study based upon tests and questionnaires, and 19 of them participated in a qualitative study based on interviews. The measures were: the ?Sociomoral Reflection Objective Measure?, the ?Inventory of Nuclear War Attitudes?, the Slade and Jenner sexism scale, an ethnocentrism scale, and a Dutch version (...)
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  13.  1
    Liberalism, Ethnocentrism, and Solidarity: Reflections on Rorty.David Rondel - 2009 - Journal of Philosophical Research 34:55-68.
    In this paper I defend Richard Rorty against two critics of his moral and political philosophy—Will Kymlicka and Robert Talisse—to whom Rorty himself never responded directly. I argue that Kymlicka misrepresents Rorty’s so-called “ethnocentrism” by giving it a needlessly affirmative reading, and that Talisse, by failing to appreciate the distinction between “making truth claims” and “proposing experiments” misunderstands both Rorty’s use of Darwin and his antifoundational liberalism.
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  14.  4
    From Ethnocentrism to Realism: Can Discourse Ethics Bridge the Gap?Robert L. Simon - 2004 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 31 (2):122-141.
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  15.  6
    “Through a Glass Darkly”: Researcher Ethnocentrism and the Demonization of Research Participants.John A. Lynch - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (4):22-23.
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  16. Women's Choices and the Ethnocentrism/Relativism Dilemma.S. Charusheela - 2001 - In Stephen Cullenberg, Jack Amariglio & David F. Ruccio (eds.), Postmodernism, Economics and Knowledge. Routledge. pp. 197--220.
     
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  17.  2
    Word Order and World Order: Titles of Intergroup Conflicts May Increase Ethnocentrism by Mentioning the in-Group First.Aileen Oeberst & Christina Matschke - 2017 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 146 (5):672-690.
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  18.  16
    Science, Ethnoscience, and Ethnocentrism.Ron Amundson - 1982 - Philosophy of Science 49 (2):236-250.
    The conventionalist epistemology of cultural anthropology can be seen to be embedded in the methods of 'cognitive anthropology', the study of folk conceptual systems. These methods result in indiscriminately depicting all folk systems as conventional, whether or not the systems are intended by the native to represent objective features of the world. Hypothetical and actual ethnographic situations are discussed. It is concluded that the anthropologist's projection of his/her own epistemology onto a native system is ethnocentric. This epistemological prejudice may be (...)
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  19. Why is Ethnocentrism More Common Than Humanitarianism.Thomas R. Shultz, Max Hartshorn & Artem Kaznatcheev - 2009 - In N. A. Taatgen & H. van Rijn (eds.), Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. pp. 2100--2105.
     
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  20.  59
    Liberalism and Ethnocentrism.Farid Abdel-Nour - 2000 - Journal of Political Philosophy 8 (2):207–226.
  21.  30
    Epistemologiesof Modernity: between ethnocentrism,universalistrationalism and Latin American alternatives.Fernando Robles - 2012 - Cinta de Moebio 45 (45):169-203.
    In the context of the Eurocentric theories of modernity, the following article addresses four relevant topics and its corresponding deconstruction. 1) Hegel’s concept of modernity as the discovery of subjectivity in Western Europe. 2) Max Weber’s concept of modernity by emphasizing his criticism of protestant ethic as the engine of capitalism.3) Jürgen Habermas's conception of modernity as ‘unfinished project’, emphasizing the theoretical structure of the life-world, which occupies a special and important place in his theory of modernity.Finally, I discuss the (...)
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  22. Where Are the Barbarians-Ethnocentrism Versus the Illusion of Cultural Universalism-the Answer of an Anthropologist to a Philosopher.Andreas Kronenberg - 1984 - Ultimate Reality and Meaning 7 (3):233-237.
     
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  23.  48
    Ethnocentrism, Social Contract Liberalism and Positivistic-Conservatism: Rorty's Three Theses on Politics.Justin Cruickshank - 2000 - Res Publica 6 (1):1-23.
    In this article I argue that Rorty has three separatearguments for liberalism. The pragmatic-ethnocentric argument for liberalism,as a system which works for `us liberals'', is rejectedfor entailing relativism. The social contract argument results in an extreme formof individualism. This renders politics redundantbecause there is no need for the (liberal) state toprotect poetic individuals, who are capable ofdefending themselves. Even if the less able areharmed, the state could not prevent this, givenRorty''s arguments about discursive enrichment withina language game. Finally, the positivistic-conservative (...)
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  24.  25
    Rorty on Ethnocentrism and Exclusion.Marianne Janack - 1998 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 12 (3):204 - 216.
  25.  35
    The Horror of Ethnocentrism: Westernization, Cultural Difference, and Strife in Understanding Non-Western Pasts in Historical Studies.Jörn Rüsen - 2008 - History and Theory 47 (2):261–269.
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  26. Relativism Versus Ethnocentrism?A. Van Niekerk - 1993 - South African Journal of Philosophy 12 (2):31-37.
     
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  27.  10
    A Consideration of Human Xenophobia and Ethnocentrism From a Sociobiological Perspective.Chad Joseph McEvoy - 2002 - Human Rights Review 3 (3):39-49.
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  28.  9
    Stages in the Evolution of Ethnocentrism.Thomas R. Shultz, Max Hartshorn & Ross A. Hammond - 2008 - In B. C. Love, K. McRae & V. M. Sloutsky (eds.), Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society. pp. 1244--1249.
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  29.  1
    An Assessment of Consumer Ethnocentrism Tendencies Scale Among University Students: The Case of Turkish and Bosnian Students.Merjema Becic - 2016 - Inquiry: Sarajevo Journal of Social Sciences 2 (1).
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  30.  18
    Overcoming Ethnocentrism in the Philosophy Classroom.Ofelia Schutte - 1985 - Teaching Philosophy 8 (2):137-144.
  31.  17
    Book Review:The Sociobiology of Ethnocentrism: Evolutionary Dimensions of Xenophobia, Discrimination, Racism and Nationalism. Vernon Reynolds, Vincent Fagler, Ian Vine. [REVIEW]Fred Gifford - 1988 - Ethics 99 (1):183-.
  32.  6
    Between Cosmopolitanism and Ethnocentrism: Max Weber in the Nineties.G. Roth - 1993 - Télos 1993 (96):148-162.
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  33.  8
    The Greek Evil Eye, African Witchcraft, and Western Ethnocentrism.Anastasia Apostolides & Yolanda Dreyer - 2008 - Hts Theological Studies 64 (2):1021-1042.
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  34.  13
    Hermeneutics, Postcolonialism, and Overcoming Ethnocentrism in Intercultural Communication.Helder de Schutter - 2007 - International Studies in Philosophy 39 (4):121-146.
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  35. Intercultural Understanding, Ethnocentrism and Western Forms of Dialogue.Michael A. Peters & A. C. Besley - 2011 - Analysis and Metaphysics 10:81-100.
     
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  36.  7
    How to Overcome Ethnocentrism: Approaches to a Culture of Recognition by History in the Twenty-First Century. Jörnrüsen - 2004 - History and Theory 43 (4):118–129.
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  37.  3
    [Book Review] Beyond Ethnocentrism, a Reconstruction of Marx's Concept of Science. [REVIEW]Charles McKelvey - 1993 - Science and Society 57 (1):95-98.
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  38.  2
    Ethnocentrism and the Social Criticism of Sports: A Response to Roberts.William J. Morgan - 1998 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 25 (1):81-102.
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  39.  1
    Parasite Stress, Ethnocentrism, and Life History Strategy.Aurelio José Figueredo, Paul Robert Gladden & Candace Jasmine Black - 2012 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 35 (2):87-88.
    Fincher & Thornhill (F&T) present a compelling argument that parasite stress underlies certain cultural practices promoting assortative sociality. However, we suggest that the theoretical framework proposed is limited in several ways, and that life history theory provides a more explanatory and inclusive framework, making more specific predictions about the trade-offs faced by organisms in the allocation of bioenergetic and material resources.
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  40. A Critique of Ethnocentrism and the Crisis of Modernity.Miguel A. Cabrera - 2008 - History and Theory 47 (4):607-616.
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  41. Essentialism/Ethnocentrism: The Failure of the Ontological Cure.Marilyn Frye - 2000 - Is Academic Feminism Dead? Theory in Practice, Ed., the Center for Advanced Feminist Studies at the University of Minnesota. NYU Press.
  42. The Civilized West Looks at Primitive Africa: 1400-1800 a Study in Ethnocentrism.Katherine George - 1958 - Isis 49 (1):62-72.
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  43. In Reading Two Recent Issues of Ultimate Reality and Meaning (the Papago and Navajo Articles-2, Pp. 4-15 and 84-108), and Earlier Ones on Hindu Religion, and Indeed a Number of Other Essays on Religions Outside the Range of the Semitic Religions, I Am Struck by the Ethnocentrism That is Implicit in Them-Sometimes. [REVIEW]Albert C. Heinrich - 1980 - Ultimate Reality and Meaning 3:314.
     
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  44. Influential Factors on Ethnocentrism: The Effect of Socioeconomic Status, Anomie, and Authoritarianism.A. Heydari, A. Teymoori, E. F. Haghish & B. Mohamadi - 2014 - Social Science Information 53 (2):240-254.
  45. Marx, Sahlins, and Ethnocentrism.Philip J. Kain - 1993 - Rethinking Marxism 6:79-101.
    Marx's historical-materialist philosophy of history has often been criticized for being ethnocentric. Jon Elster (1985, 490), for example, suggests that it has become a "conceptual straight-jacket for the study of much non-western history." Marshall Sahlins, in his book, Culture and Practical Reason (1976), as well as critics like Baudrillard (1975, 59, 65-67) Balbus (1982, 33-36), and Aronowitz (1981, 67-68), have argued that Marx develops a single, necessary historical pattern, worked up on the basis of the historical development of Western societies, (...)
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  46. “Worse but Ours,” or “Better but Theirs?” – The Role of Implicit Consumer Ethnocentrism in Product Preference.Maison Dominika & Maliszewski Norbert - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  47. Ethnocentrism in Grand Theory.Linda Nicholson - 1993 - In Roger S. Gottlieb (ed.), Radical Philosophy: Tradition, Counter-Tradition, Politics. Temple University Press. pp. 48--64.
     
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  48. Cultural Universals as Endless Tasks: Phenomenology, Relativism, and Ethnocentrism.Keiichi Noé - 1995 - The Monist 78 (1):41-51.
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  49. The Sociobiology of Ethnocentrism: Evolutionary Dimensions of Xenophobia, Discrimination, Racism and Nationalism.Reynolds Vernon, Fagler Vincent & Vine Ian - 1988 - Ethics 99 (1):183-184.
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  50. Between Cosmopolitanism and Ethnocentrism: Max Weber in the Nineties.Guenther Roth - 1993 - Telos: Critical Theory of the Contemporary 96:148.
     
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