Results for 'Eva Fleischner'

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  1.  22
    Auschwitz: Beginning of a New Era? Reflections on the Holocaust, Edited by Eva Fleischner, New York: KTAV Publishing House, The Cathedral Church of St. John the Divine, Anti-Defamation League of B’Nai B’Rith 1977, XIX, 469 Pp. [REVIEW]Heinz-Jürgen Loth - 1979 - Zeitschrift für Religions- Und Geistesgeschichte 31 (3):292-294.
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  2.  35
    Catholics in France Who Saved Jews During the Holocaust.Eva Fleischner - 1988 - Philosophy and Theology 3 (1):45-56.
    This article offers an historical and theologico-reflective account of a number of Catholic individuals and groups who worked to save Jews in France during the Holocaust. It summarizes some of the results of the author’s research in both France and Israel.
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  3.  49
    22 the Personal is Philosophical is Political: A Philosopher and Mother of a Cognitively Disabled Person Sends Notes From the Battlefield Eva Feder Kittay.Eva Feder Kittay - 2010 - In Eva Feder Kittay & Licia Carlson (eds.), Cognitive Disability and its Challenge to Moral Philosophy. Wiley-Blackwell.
  4.  30
    Evolution in Four Dimensions: Genetic, Epigenetic, Behavioral, and Symbolic Variation in the History of Life.Eva Jablonka, Marion J. Lamb & Anna Zeligowski - 2005 - Bradford.
    Ideas about heredity and evolution are undergoing a revolutionary change. New findings in molecular biology challenge the gene-centered version of Darwinian theory according to which adaptation occurs only through natural selection of chance DNA variations. In Evolution in Four Dimensions, Eva Jablonka and Marion Lamb argue that there is more to heredity than genes. They trace four "dimensions" in evolution -- four inheritance systems that play a role in evolution: genetic, epigenetic, behavioral, and symbolic. These systems, they argue, can all (...)
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  5. Love's Labor: Essays on Women, Equality and Dependence.Eva Feder Kittay - 1999 - Routledge.
    Where society is viewed as an association of equal and autonomous persons, the work of caring for dependents, "love's labors", figure neither in political ...
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  6. Women and Moral Theory.Eva Feder Kittay, Carol Gilligan, Annette C. Baier, Michael Stocker, Christina H. Sommers, Kathryn Pyne Addelson, Virginia Held, Thomas E. Hill Jr, Seyla Benhabib, George Sher, Marilyn Friedman, Jonathan Adler, Sara Ruddick, Mary Fainsod, David D. Laitin, Lizbeth Hasse & Sandra Harding - 1989 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    To find more information about Rowman and Littlefield titles, please visit www.rowmanlittlefield.com.
     
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  7. Learning From My Daughter: The Value and Care of Disabled Minds.Eva Kittay & Eva Feder Kittay - 2019 - New York, NY, USA: Oxford UP.
  8.  74
    Modest Nonconceptualism: Epistemology, Phenomenology, and Content.Eva Schmidt - 2015 - Springer.
    The author defends nonconceptualism, the claim that perceptual experience is nonconceptual and has nonconceptual content. Continuing the heated and complex debate surrounding this topic over the past two decades, she offers a sustained defense of a novel version of the view, Modest Nonconceptualism, and provides a systematic overview of some of the central controversies in the debate. -/- An explication of the notion of nonconceptual content and a distinction between nonconceptualist views of different strengths starts off the volume, then the (...)
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  9. The Envisioned Life: Essays in Honor of Eva Brann.Eva T. H. Brann, Peter Kalkavage & Eric Salem (eds.) - 2007 - Paul Dry Books.
     
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  10.  1
    Book Reviews : A Woman's World Between Theory and Analysis: Elke Biester, Barbara Holland-Cunz, Eva Maleck-Lewy, Anja Ruf and Birgit Sauer (Eds) Gleichstellungspolitik - Totem Und Tabus. Eine Feministische Revision Series Politik der Geschlechterverhältnisse (Series Eds Eva Kreisky, Uta Ruppert and Birgit Sauer), Vol.1 Frankfurt Am Main and New York: Campus, 1994, 190 Pp. DM 39.00, ISBN 3-593- 35091-2 Elke Biester, Barbara Holland-Cunz, Mechthild Jansen, Eva Maleck-Lewy, Anja Ruf and Birgit Sauer (Eds) Das Unsichtbare Geschlecht der Europa. Der Europäische Einigungsprozeβ Aus Feministi Scher Sicht Series Politik der Geschlechterverhältnisse, Vol. 2 Frankfurt Am Main and New York: Campus, 1994, 161 Pp. DM 39. 00, ISBN 3-593-35092-0 Elke Biester, Barbara Holland-Cunz and Birgit Sauer (Eds) Demokratie Oder Androkratie? Theorie Und Praxis Demokratischer Herrschaft in der Feministischen Diskussion Series Politik der Geschlechterverhältnisse, Vol. 3 Frankfurt Am Main and New York: Campus, 19. [REVIEW]Eva Kolinsky - 1995 - European Journal of Women's Studies 2 (3):407-411.
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  11. Where Reasons and Reasoning Come Apart.Eva Schmidt - forthcoming - Noûs.
    Proponents of the reasoning view analyze normative reasons as premises of good reasoning and explain the normativity of reasons by appeal to their role as premises of good reasoning. The aim of this paper is to cast doubt on the reasoning view by providing counterexamples to the proposed analysis of reasons, counterexamples in which premises of good reasoning towards φ‐ing are not reasons to φ.
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  12. At the Margins of Moral Personhood.Eva Kittay - 2005 - Ethics 116 (1):100-131.
    In this article I examine the proposition that severe cognitive disability is an impediment to moral personhood. Moral personhood, as I understand it here, is articulated in the work of Jeff McMahan as that which confers a special moral status on a person. I rehearse the metaphysical arguments about the nature of personhood that ground McMahan’s claims regarding the moral status of the “congenitally severely mentally retarded” (CSMR for short). These claims, I argue, rest on the view that only intrinsic (...)
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  13. Information: Its Interpretation, its Inheritance, and its Sharing.Eva Jablonka - 2002 - Philosophy of Science 69 (4):578-605.
    The semantic concept of information is one of the most important, and one of the most problematical concepts in biology. I suggest a broad definition of biological information: a source becomes an informational input when an interpreting receiver can react to the form of the source (and variations in this form) in a functional manner. The definition accommodates information stemming from environmental cues as well as from evolved signals, and calls for a comparison between information‐transmission in different types of inheritance (...)
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  14.  42
    The Explanatory Merits of Reasons-First Epistemology.Eva Schmidt - 2020 - In Christoph Demmerling & Dirk Schröder (eds.), Concepts in Thought, Action, and Emotion: New Essays. New York: pp. 75-91.
    I present an explanatory argument for the reasons-first view: It is superior to knowledge-first views in particular in that it can both explain the specific epistemic role of perception and account for the shape and extent of epistemic justification.
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  15.  15
    Robots As Intentional Agents: Using Neuroscientific Methods to Make Robots Appear More Social.Eva Wiese, Giorgio Metta & Agnieszka Wykowska - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
  16.  36
    Values That Create Value: Socially Responsible Business Practices in SMEs – Empirical Evidence From German Companies.Eva-Maria Hammann, André Habisch & Harald Pechlaner - 2009 - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility 18 (1):37-51.
    Socially responsible business and ethical behaviour of companies have been of interest to academia and practice for decades. But the focus has almost exclusively been on large corporations while small- and medium-sized enterprises (SME) have not received as much attention. Thus, this paper focuses on socially responsible business practices of SME entrepreneurs or owner–managers in Germany. Based on the assumption that decision-makers in SMEs are the central point where all business activities start, members of a German entrepreneurs association were approached (...)
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  17.  14
    Effects of Dynamic Aspects of Facial Expressions: A Review.Eva G. Krumhuber, Arvid Kappas & Antony S. R. Manstead - 2013 - Emotion Review 5 (1):41-46.
    A key feature of facial behavior is its dynamic quality. However, most previous research has been limited to the use of static images of prototypical expressive patterns. This article explores the role of facial dynamics in the perception of emotions, reviewing relevant empirical evidence demonstrating that dynamic information improves coherence in the identification of affect (particularly for degraded and subtle stimuli), leads to higher emotion judgments (i.e., intensity and arousal), and helps to differentiate between genuine and fake expressions. The findings (...)
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  18. The Ethics of Care, Dependence, and Disability.Eva Feder Kittay - 2011 - Ratio Juris 24 (1):49-58.
    According to the most important theories of justice, personal dignity is closely related to independence, and the care that people with disabilities receive is seen as a way for them to achieve the greatest possible autonomy. However, human beings are naturally subject to periods of dependency, and people without disabilities are only “temporarily abled.” Instead of seeing assistance as a limitation, we consider it to be a resource at the basis of a vision of society that is able to account (...)
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  19.  13
    Patterns of Characterization in Folktales Across Geographic Regions and Levels of Cultural Complexity.Jonathan Gottschall, Rachel Berkey, Mitchell Cawson, Carly Drown, Matthew Fleischner, Melissa Glotzbecker, Kimberly Kernan, Tyler Magnan, Kate Muse, Celeste Ogburn, Stephen Patterson, Christopher Skeels, Stephanie St Joseph, Shawna Weeks, Alison Welsh & Erin Welch - 2003 - Human Nature 14 (4):365-382.
    Literary scholars are generally suspicious of the concept of universals: there are presently no candidates for literary universals that a high proportion of literary scholars would accept as valid. This paper reports results from a content analysis of patterns of characterization in folktales from 48 culture areas, aimed at identifying patterns of characterization that apply across regions of the world and levels of cultural complexity. The search for these patterns was guided by evolutionary theory and the findings are consistent with (...)
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  20. Possessing Epistemic Reasons: The Role of Rational Capacities.Eva Schmidt - 2019 - Philosophical Studies 176 (2):483-501.
    In this paper, I defend a reasons-first view of epistemic justification, according to which the justification of our beliefs arises entirely in virtue of the epistemic reasons we possess. I remove three obstacles for this view, which result from its presupposition that epistemic reasons have to be possessed by the subject: the problem that reasons-first accounts of justification are necessarily circular; the problem that they cannot give special epistemic significance to perceptual experience; the problem that they have to say that (...)
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  21. The Personal is Philosophical is Political: A Philosopher and Mother of a Cognitively Disabled Person Sends Notes From the Battlefield.Eva Feder Kittay - 2009 - Metaphilosophy 40 (3-4):606-627.
  22.  32
    The Subject of Care: Feminist Perspectives on Dependency.Eva Feder Kittay & Ellen K. Feder (eds.) - 2002 - New Jersey: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    The essays of this volume consider how acknowledgement of the fact of dependency changes our conceptions of law, political theory, and morality, as well as our very conceptions of self.
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  23. Dependency, Difference and the Global Ethic of Longterm Care.Eva Feder Kittay, Bruce Jennings & Angela A. Wasunna - 2005 - Journal of Political Philosophy 13 (4):443-469.
  24.  31
    Prevention of Unethical Actions in Nursing Homes.Eva Merethe Solum, Åshild Slettebø & Solveig Hauge - 2008 - Nursing Ethics 15 (4):536-548.
    Ethical problems regularly arise during daily care in nursing homes. These include violation of patients' right to autonomy and to be treated with respect. The aim of this study was to investigate how caregivers emphasize daily dialogue and mutual reflection to reach moral alternatives in daily care. The data were collected by participant observation and interviews with seven caregivers in a Norwegian nursing home. A number of ethical problems linked to 10 patients were disclosed. Moral problems were revealed as the (...)
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  25. Three Failed Charges Against Ideal Theory.Eva Erman & Niklas Möller - 2013 - Social Theory and Practice 39 (1):19-44.
    An intensified discussion on the role of normative ideals has re-emerged in several debates in political philosophy. What is often referred to as “ideal theory,” represented by liberal egalitarians such as John Rawls, is under attack from those that stress that political philosophy at large should take much more seriously the nonideal circumstances consisting of relations of domination and power under which normative ideals, principles, and ideas are supposed to be applied. While the debate so far has mainly been preoccupied (...)
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  26.  52
    Philosophy and Feminist Thinking.Eva Kittay - 1989 - Philosophical Review 98 (1):122-124.
  27.  33
    Moral Dilemmas in a Military Context. A Case Study of a Train the Trainer Course on Military Ethics.Eva van Baarle, Jolanda Bosch, Guy Widdershoven, Desiree Verweij & Bert Molewijk - 2015 - Journal of Moral Education 44 (4):457-478.
    Moral competence is important for soldiers who have to deal with complex moral dilemmas in practice. However, openly dealing with moral dilemmas and showing moral competence is not always easy within the culture of a military organization. In this article, based on analysis of experiences during a train the trainer course on military ethics, we will describe the tensions between military and personal values on the one hand and the challenges related to showing moral competence on the other hand. We (...)
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  28.  24
    The Boundary Problem and the Ideal of Democracy.Eva Erman - 2014 - Constellations 21 (2):535-546.
  29. Political Legitimacy in the Real Normative World: The Priority of Morality and the Autonomy of the Political.Eva Erman & Niklas Möller - 2015 - British Journal of Political Science 45 (1):215-233.
  30.  87
    Practices and Principles: On the Methodological Turn in Political Theory.Eva Erman & Niklas Möller - 2015 - Philosophy Compass 10 (8):533-546.
    The question of what role social and political practices should play in the justification of normative principles has received renewed attention in post-millennium political philosophy. Several current debates express dissatisfaction with the methodology adopted in mainstream political theory, taking the form of a criticism of so-called ‘ideal theory’ from ‘non-ideal’ theory, of ‘practice-independent’ theory from ‘practice-dependent’ theory, and of ‘political moralism’ from ‘political realism’. While the problem of action-guidance lies at the heart of these concerns, the critics also share a (...)
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  31. Organisational Whistleblowing Policies: Making Employees Responsible or Liable?Eva E. Tsahuridu & Wim Vandekerckhove - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 82 (1):107-118.
    This paper explores the possible impact of the recent legal developments on organizational whistleblowing on the autonomy and responsibility of whistleblowers. In the past thirty years numerous pieces of legislation have been passed to offer protection to whistleblowers from retaliation for disclosing organisational wrongdoing. An area that remains uncertain in relation to whistleblowing and its related policies in organisations, is whether these policies actually increase the individualisation of work, allowing employees to behave in accordance with their conscience and in line (...)
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  32. Evaluating a Patient's Request for Life-Prolonging Treatment: An Ethical Framework.Eva C. Winkler, Wolfgang Hiddemann & Georg Marckmann - 2012 - Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (11):647-651.
    Contrary to the widespread concern about over-treatment at the end of life, today, patient preferences for palliative care at the end of life are frequently respected. However, ethically challenging situations in the current healthcare climate are, instead, situations in which a competent patient requests active treatment with the goal of life-prolongation while the physician suggests best supportive care only. The argument of futility has often been used to justify unilateral decisions made by physicians to withhold or withdraw life-sustaining treatment. However, (...)
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  33.  58
    Conscientious Objection to Referrals for Abortion: Pragmatic Solution or Threat to Women’s Rights?Eva M. K. Nordberg, Helge Skirbekk & Morten Magelssen - 2014 - BMC Medical Ethics 15 (1):15.
    Conscientious objection has spurred impassioned debate in many Western countries. Some Norwegian general practitioners (GPs) refuse to refer for abortion. Little is know about how the GPs carry out their refusals in practice, how they perceive their refusal to fit with their role as professionals, and how refusals impact patients. Empirical data can inform subsequent normative analysis.
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  34. Private Conscience, Public Acts.Eva LaFollette & Hugh LaFollette - 2007 - Journal of Medical Ethics 33 (5):249-254.
    A growing number of medical professionals claim a right of conscience, a right to refuse to perform any professional duty they deem immoral—and to do so with impunity. We argue that professionals do not have the unqualified right of conscience. At most they have a highly qualified right. We focus on the claims of pharmacists, since they are the professionals most commonly claiming this right.
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  35.  60
    New Trouble for “Reasons as Evidence”: Means That Don’T Justify the Ends.Eva Schmidt - 2017 - Ethics 127 (3):708-718.
    In this article, I argue against Kearns and Star’s reasons-as-evidence view, which identifies normative reasons to ɸ with evidence that one ought to ɸ. I provide a new counterexample to their view, the student case, which involves an inference to the best explanation from means to end or, more generally, from a derivative to a more foundational “ought” proposition. It shows that evidence that one ought to act a certain way is not in all cases a reason so to act. (...)
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  36.  2
    Item-Score Reliability as a Selection Tool in Test Construction.Eva A. O. Zijlmans, Jesper Tijmstra, L. Andries van der Ark & Klaas Sijtsma - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  37.  28
    The Child in the World: Embodiment, Time, and Language in Early Childhood.Eva M. Simms - 2008 - Wayne State University Press.
    Illuminates childrens experiences of embodiment, inter-subjectivity, place, thing, time, and language through a dialogue between developmental research and ...
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  38. Cognitive Disability and its Challenge to Moral Philosophy.Eva Feder Kittay & Licia Carlson (eds.) - 2010 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    Through a series of essays contributed by clinicians, medical historians, and prominent moral philosophers, Cognitive Disability and Its Challenge to Moral ...
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  39.  2
    The Zone of Latent Solutions and Its Relation to the Classics: Vygotsky and Köhler.Eva Reindl, Elisa Bandini & Claudio Tennie - 2018 - In Laura Desirèe Di Paolo, Fabio Di Vincenzo & Francesca De Petrillo (eds.), Evolution of Primate Social Cognition. Springer Verlag. pp. 231-248.
    In 2009, Tennie et al. proposed the theory of the Zone of Latent Solutions, defined as the range of behaviors an individual of a species can invent independently, i.e., which it can acquire without any form of social learning. By definition, species limited to their ZLS are unable to innovate and/or transmit behavioral traits outside their ZLS, i.e., they lack traits which go beyond the level of the individual—traits resulting from a gradual cultural evolution over successive transmission events [“cumulative culture”, (...)
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  40.  59
    A Feminist Public Ethic of Care Meets the New Communitarian Family Policy.Eva Feder Kittay - 2001 - Ethics 111 (3):523-547.
  41.  23
    Tense in Time: The Greek Perfect Eva-Carin Gerb andArnim von Stechow.Eva-Carin Gerb andArnim von Stechow - 2003 - In Regine Eckardt, Klaus von Heusinger & Christoph Schwarze (eds.), Words in Time: Diachronic Semantics From Different Points of View. Mouton de Gruyter. pp. 251.
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  42.  24
    Strengthening Moral Competence: A 'Train the Trainer' Course on Military Ethics.Eva Wortel & Jolanda Bosch - 2011 - Journal of Military Ethics 10 (1):17-35.
    If one of the most important aims of education on military ethics is to strengthen moral competence, we argue that it is important to base ethics education on virtue ethics, the Socratic attitude and the process of ?living learning?. This article illustrates this position by means of the example of a ?train the trainer? course on military ethics for Non-Commissioned Officers (NCOs), which is developed at the Netherlands Defence Academy, and uses a number of examples both from its structure and (...)
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  43. Equality, Dignity, and Disability.Eva Feder Kittay - 2005 - In Mary Ann Lyons & Fionnuala Waldron (eds.), (2005) Perspectives on Equality The Second Seamus Heaney Lectures. Dublin:. The Liffey Press,.
  44. Knowledge and Abilities: The Need for a New Understanding of Knowing-How. [REVIEW]Eva-Maria Jung & Albert Newen - 2010 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 9 (1):113-131.
    Stanley and Williamson (The Journal of Philosophy 98(8), 411–444 2001 ) reject the fundamental distinction between what Ryle once called ‘knowing-how’ and ‘knowing-that’. They claim that knowledge-how is just a species of knowledge-that, i.e. propositional knowledge, and try to establish their claim relying on the standard semantic analysis of ‘knowing-how’ sentences. We will undermine their strategy by arguing that ‘knowing-how’ phrases are under-determined such that there is not only one semantic analysis and by critically discussing and refuting the positive account (...)
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  45.  34
    Time Gestalt and the Observer.Eva Ruhnau - 1995 - In Thomas Metzinger (ed.), Conscious Experience. Paderborn: Ferdinand Schöningh. pp. 165--184.
  46. Current Disciplinary and Interdisciplinary Debates on Empathy.Eva-Maria Engelen & Birgitt Röttger-Rössler - 2012 - Emotion Review 4 (1):3-8.
    Empathy as “Feelingly Grasping” Perhaps the central question concerning empathy is if and if so how it combines aspects of thinking and feeling. Indeed, the intellectual tradition of the past centuries has been marked by a dualism. Roughly speaking, there have been two pathways when it comes to understanding each other: 1) thinking or mind reading and 2) feeling or empathy. Nonetheless, one of the ongoing debates in psychology and philosophy concerns the question whether these two abilities, namely, understanding what (...)
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  47.  36
    Changing Likes and Dislikes Through the Back Door: The US-Revaluation Effect.Eva Walther, Bertram Gawronski, Hartmut Blank & Tina Langer - 2009 - Cognition and Emotion 23 (5):889-917.
  48. Fiction and the Suspension of Disbelief.Eva Schaper - 1978 - British Journal of Aesthetics 18 (1):31-44.
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  49.  42
    The Joint Development of Hemispheric Lateralization for Words and Faces.Eva M. Dundas, David C. Plaut & Marlene Behrmann - 2013 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 142 (2):348.
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  50. Précis of Evolution in Four Dimensions.Eva Jablonka & Marion J. Lamb - 2007 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (4):353-365.
    In his theory of evolution, Darwin recognized that the conditions of life play a role in the generation of hereditary variations, as well as in their selection. However, as evolutionary theory was developed further, heredity became identified with genetics, and variation was seen in terms of combinations of randomly generated gene mutations. We argue that this view is now changing, because it is clear that a notion of hereditary variation that is based solely on randomly varying genes that are unaffected (...)
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