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Evelyn B. Pluhar [20]Evelyn Pluhar [15]Evelyn Begley Pluhar [4]Evelyn Katherine Begley Pluhar [1]
  1. Meat and Morality: Alternatives to Factory Farming. [REVIEW]Evelyn B. Pluhar - 2010 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 23 (5):455-468.
    Scientists have shown that the practice of factory farming is an increasingly urgent danger to human health, the environment, and nonhuman animal welfare. For all these reasons, moral agents must consider alternatives. Vegetarian food production, humane food animal farming, and in-vitro meat production are all explored from a variety of ethical perspectives, especially utilitarian and rights-based viewpoints, all in the light of current U.S. and European initiatives in the public and private sectors. It is concluded that vegetarianism and potentially in-vitro (...)
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  2.  54
    Beyond Prejudice: The Moral Significance of Human and Nonhuman Animals.Evelyn B. Pluhar - 1995 - Duke University Press.
    In _Beyond Prejudice_, Evelyn B. Pluhar defends the view that any sentient conative being—one capable of caring about what happens to him or herself—is morally significant, a view that supports the moral status and rights of many nonhuman animals. Confronting traditional and contemporary philosophical arguments, she offers in clear and accessible fashion a thorough examination of theories of moral significance while decisively demonstrating the flaws in the arguments of those who would avoid attributing moral rights to nonhumans. Exposing the traditional (...)
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  3. On Vegetarianism, Morality, and Science: A Counter Reply. [REVIEW]Evelyn B. Pluhar - 1993 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 6 (2):185-213.
    I recently took issue with Kathryn George's contention that vegetarianism cannot be a moral obligation for most human beings, even assuming that Tom Regan's stringent thesis about the equal inherent value of humans and many sentient nonhumans is correct. I argued that both Regan and George are incorrect in claiming that his view would permit moral agents to kill and eat innocent, non-threatening rights holders. An unequal rights view, by contrast, would permit such actions if a moral agent's health or (...)
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  4.  85
    Who Can Be Morally Obligated to Be a Vegetarian?Evelyn Pluhar - 1992 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 5 (2):189-215.
    Kathryn Paxton George has recently argued that vegetarianism cannot be a moral obligation for most human beings, even if Tom Regan is correct in arguing that humans and certain nonhuman animals are equally inherently valuable. She holds that Regan's liberty principle permits humans to kill and eat innocent others who have a right to life, provided that doing so prevents humans from being made worse off. George maintains that obstaining from meat and dairy products would in fact make most humans (...)
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  5.  79
    Experimentation on Humans and Nonhumans.Evelyn B. Pluhar - 2006 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 27 (4):333-355.
    In this article, I argue that it is wrong to conduct any experiment on a nonhuman which we would regard as immoral were it to be conducted on a human, because such experimentation violates the basic moral rights of sentient beings. After distinguishing the rights approach from the utilitarian approach, I delineate basic concepts. I then raise the classic “argument from marginal cases” against those who support experimentation on nonhumans but not on humans. After next replying to six important objections (...)
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  6.  84
    When is It Morally Acceptable to Kill Animals?Evelyn B. Pluhar - 1988 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 1 (3):211-224.
    Professor Hugh Lehman has recently argued that the rights view, according to which nonhuman animals have a prima facie right to life, is compatible with the killing of animals in many circumstances, including killing for food, research, or product-testing purposes. His principle argument is an appeal to life-boat cases, in which certain lives should be sacrificed rather than others because the latter would allegedly be made worse-off by death than the former. I argue that this reasoning would apply to so-called (...)
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  7.  42
    The Personhood View and the Argument From Marginal Cases.Evelyn B. Pluhar - 1987 - Philosophica 39 (1):23-38.
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  8.  55
    Vegetarianism, Morality, and Science Revisited.Evelyn Pluhar - 1994 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 7 (1):77-82.
    Professor Kathryn George's Use and Abuse Revisited does not contain an accurate assessment of my On Vegetarianism, Morality, and Science: A Counter Reply. I show that she has misrepresented my moral and empirical argumentation.
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  9. Is There a Morally Relevant Difference Between Human and Animal Nonpersons?Evelyn Pluhar - 1988 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 1 (1):59-68.
    It is commonly believed that we humans are justified in exploiting animals because we are higher beings:persons who have highly complex, autonomous lives as moral agents. However, there are many marginal humans who are not and never will be persons. Those who think it is permissible to exploit animal nonpersons but wrong to do the same to human nonpersons must show that there is a morally relevant difference between the two groups. Speciesists, who believe that membership in a species whose (...)
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  10.  5
    When is It Morally Acceptable to Kill Animals?Evelyn B. Pluhar - 1988 - Journal of Agricultural Ethics 1 (3):211-224.
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  11.  78
    Utilitarian Killing, Replacement, and Rights.Evelyn Pluhar - 1990 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 3 (2):147-171.
    The ethical theory underlying much of our treatment of animals in agriculture and research is the moral agency view. It is assumed that only moral agents, or persons, are worthy of maximal moral significance, and that farm and laboratory animals are not moral agents. However, this view also excludes human non-persons from the moral community. Utilitarianism, which bids us maximize the amount of good in the world, is an alternative ethical theory. Although it has many merits, including impartiality and the (...)
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  12.  14
    The Justification of an Environmental Ethic.Evelyn B. Pluhar - 1983 - Environmental Ethics 5 (1):47-61.
    Tom Regan has made a very important contribution to the debate on environmental ethics in his “On the Nature and Possibility of an Environmental Ethic.” The debate can be brought out yet more clearly by contrasting Regan’s views with those of an eminent critic of environmental ethics in Regan’s sense, William K. Frankena. I argue that Regan’s position has much to recommend it, but has a fatal flaw whichwould render environmental ethics unjustifiable. I suggest this flaw can be remedied by (...)
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  13.  9
    Emergence and Reduction.Evelyn B. Pluhar - 1978 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 9 (4):279-289.
  14.  44
    Non-Obligatory Anthropocentrism.Evelyn B. Pluhar - 2000 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 13 (3-4):329-335.
    David Sztybel has argued that defenders of the moralsignificance of animals have not made an effective case against theirenemy: anthropocentrism. He maintains that they have refuted only``straw'' versions of that view. Sztybel opposes anthropocentrism, butis convinced that it is a much more difficult view to defeat than hasbeen thought. He develops the strongest argument possible for``Obligatory Anthropocentrism'' (OA), defending it against manyobjections. He also holds that OA does not have unpalatable implicationsfor the treatment of average, below average, and mentally challengedhumans. (...)
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  15.  19
    Regulation, Values and the Public Interest.Evelyn B. Pluhar - 1984 - Environmental Ethics 6 (3):271-274.
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  16.  13
    Emergence and Reduction.Evelyn Begley Pluhar - 1978 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 9 (4):279-89.
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  17.  19
    Moral Agents and Moral Patients.Evelyn Pluhar - 1988 - Between the Species 4 (1):10.
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  18.  26
    Physicalism and the Identity Theory.Evelyn Begley Pluhar - 1977 - Journal of Critical Analysis 7 (1):11-20.
  19.  14
    Speciesism: A Form of Bigotry or a Justified View?Evelyn Pluhar - 1988 - Between the Species 4 (2):3.
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  20.  9
    The Perceptual and Physical Worlds.Evelyn Begley Pluhar - 1987 - Philosophical Studies 31:228-240.
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  21.  6
    On the Relevance of Marginal Humans: A Reply to Sapontzis.Evelyn Pluhar - 1988 - Between the Species 4 (2):5.
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  22.  5
    Arguing Away Suffering: The Neo-Cartesian Revival.Evelyn B. Pluhar - 1993 - Between the Species 9 (1):12.
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  23.  5
    Speciesism Revisited.Evelyn Pluhar - 1986 - Between the Species 2 (4):6.
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  24.  5
    The Moral Justifiability of Genetic Manipulation.Evelyn Pluhar - 1986 - Between the Species 2 (3):16.
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  25.  4
    The Joy of Killing.Evelyn B. Pluhar - 1991 - Between the Species 7 (3):3.
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  26.  4
    On the Genetic Manipulation of Animals.Evelyn Pluhar - 1985 - Between the Species 1 (3):6.
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  27.  2
    Is There a Morally Relevant Difference Between Human and Animal Nonpersons?Evelyn Pluhar - 1988 - Journal of Agricultural Ethics 1 (1):59-68.
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  28.  2
    Utilitarian Killing, Replacement, and Rights.Evelyn Pluhar - 1990 - Journal of Agricultural Ethics 3 (2):147-171.
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  29.  2
    Kohlberg and Concern for Nonhumans.Evelyn B. Pluhar - 1989 - Between the Species 5 (2):7.
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  30.  1
    Physicalism and the Identity Theory.Evelyn Begley Pluhar - 1977 - Journal of Critical Analysis 7 (1):11-20.
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  31.  2
    Reason and Reality Revisited.Evelyn Pluhar - 1990 - Between the Species 6 (2):6.
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