25 found
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  1.  86
    Reflective Equilibrium and Empirical Data: Third Person Moral Experiences in Empirical Medical Ethics.Martine de Vries & Evert van Leeuwen - 2010 - Bioethics 24 (9):490 - 498.
    In ethics, the use of empirical data has become more and more popular, leading to a distinct form of applied ethics, namely empirical ethics. This ‘empirical turn’ is especially visible in bioethics. There are various ways of combining empirical research and ethical reflection. In this paper we discuss the use of empirical data in a special form of Reflective Equilibrium (RE), namely the Network Model with Third Person Moral Experiences. In this model, the empirical data consist of the moral experiences (...)
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  2.  21
    Ethical Issues at the Interface of Clinical Care and Research Practice in Pediatric Oncology: A Narrative Review of Parents' and Physicians' Experiences.Martine C. de Vries, Mirjam Houtlosser, Jan M. Wit, Dirk P. Engberts, Dorine Bresters, Gertjan Jl Kaspers & Evert van Leeuwen - 2011 - BMC Medical Ethics 12 (1):18.
    BackgroundPediatric oncology has a strong research culture. Most pediatric oncologists are investigators, involved in clinical care as well as research. As a result, a remarkable proportion of children with cancer enrolls in a trial during treatment. This paper discusses the ethical consequences of the unprecedented integration of research and care in pediatric oncology from the perspective of parents and physicians.MethodologyAn empirical ethical approach, combining a narrative review of qualitative studies on parents' and physicians' experiences of the pediatric oncology research practice, (...)
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  3.  13
    Decision Making on Organ Donation: The Dilemmas of Relatives of Potential Brain Dead Donors.Jack de Groot, Maria van Hoek, Cornelia Hoedemaekers, Andries Hoitsma, Wim Smeets, Myrra Vernooij-Dassen & Evert van Leeuwen - 2015 - BMC Medical Ethics 16 (1):1-11.
    BackgroundThis article is part of a study to gain insight into the decision-making process by looking at the views of the relatives of potential brain dead donors. Alongside a literature review, focus interviews were held with healthcare professionals about their role in the request and decision-making process when post-mortal donation is at stake. This article describes the perspectives of the relatives.MethodsA content-analysis of 22 semi-structured in-depth interviews with relatives involved in an organ donation decision.ResultsThree themes were identified: ‘conditions’, ‘ethical considerations’ (...)
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  4.  6
    Request for organ donation without donor registration: a qualitative study of the perspectives of bereaved relatives.Jack de Groot, Maria van Hoek, Cornelia Hoedemaekers, Andries Hoitsma, Hans Schilderman, Wim Smeets, Myrra Vernooij-Dassen & Evert van Leeuwen - 2016 - BMC Medical Ethics 17 (1):1.
    In the Netherlands, consent from relatives is obligatory for post mortal donation. This study explored the perspectives of relatives regarding the request for consent for donation in cases without donor registration. A content analysis of narratives of 24 bereaved relatives of unregistered, eligible, brain-dead donors was performed. Relatives of unregistered, brain-dead patients usually refuse consent for donation, even if they harbour pro-donation attitudes themselves, or knew that the deceased favoured organ donation. Half of those who refused consent for donation mentioned (...)
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  5.  44
    The Role of Family in Euthanasia Decision Making.Geritt K. Kimsma & Evert van Leeuwen - 2007 - HEC Forum 19 (4):365-373.
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  6.  11
    Assumptions and Moral Understanding of the Wish to Hasten Death: A Philosophical Review of Qualitative Studies.Andrea Rodríguez-Prat & Evert van Leeuwen - 2018 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 21 (1):63-75.
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  7.  7
    Research on Controlled Drug Use: A Paradigm for Public Health Research in Sustainable Health.Evert van Leeuwen - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (4):50-52.
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  8.  42
    Existential Loneliness and End-of-Life Care: A Systematic Review.Eric J. Ettema, Louise D. Derksen & Evert van Leeuwen - 2010 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 31 (2):141-169.
    Patients with a life-threatening illness can be confronted with various types of loneliness, one of which is existential loneliness (EL). Since the experience of EL is extremely disruptive, the issue of EL is relevant for the practice of end-of-life care. Still, the literature on EL has generated little discussion and empirical substantiation and has never been systematically reviewed. In order to systematically review the literature, we (1) identified the existential loneliness literature; (2) established an organising framework for the review; (3) (...)
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  9.  31
    The New Dutch Law on Legalizing Physician-Assisted Death.Gerrit Kimsma & Evert van Leeuwen - 2001 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 10 (4):445-450.
    On April 10, 2001, after extensive committee deliberations, the Second Chamber of the Dutch Parliament passed a bill that was introduced in August 1999 legalizing physician-assisted death. The bill is officially called It was passed by a majority vote in the Second Chamber of Parliament and was supported by the majority parties constituting the present coalition government (i.e., liberals and socialists). Opposition to the law came mainly from a minority of Christian parties. In this report we explore the meaning of (...)
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  10.  68
    The Human Body as Field of Conflict Between Discourses.Gerrit K. Kimsma & Evert van Leeuwen - 2005 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 26 (6):559-574.
    The approach to AIDS as a disease and a threat for social discrimination is used as an example to illustrate a conceptual thesis. This thesis is a claim that concerns what we call a medical issue or not, what is medicalised or needs to be demedicalised. In the friction between medicalisation and demedicalisation as discursive strategies the latter approach can only be effected through the employment of discourses or discursive strategies other than medicine, such as those of the law and (...)
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  11.  77
    Transmural Palliative Care by Means of Teleconsultation: A Window of Opportunities and New Restrictions. [REVIEW]Jelle van Gurp, Martine van Selm, Evert van Leeuwen & Jeroen Hasselaar - 2013 - BMC Medical Ethics 14 (1):12-.
    Background: Audio-visual teleconsultation is expected to help home-based palliative patients, hospital-based palliative care professionals, and family physicians to jointly design better, pro-active care. Consensual knowledge of the possibilities and limitations of teleconsultation in transmural palliative care is, however, largely lacking.This paper aims at describing elements of both the physical workplace and the cultural-social context of the palliative care practice, which are imperative for the use of teleconsultation technologies. Methods: A semi-structured expert meeting and qualitative, open interviews were deployed to explore (...)
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  12.  8
    Moral Dilemmas and Conflicts Concerning Patients in a Vegetative State/Unresponsive Wakefulness Syndrome: Shared or Non-Shared Decision Making? A Qualitative Study of the Professional Perspective in Two Moral Case Deliberations.Conny A. M. F. H. Span-Sluyter, Jan C. M. Lavrijsen, Evert van Leeuwen & Raymond T. C. M. Koopmans - 2018 - BMC Medical Ethics 19 (1):10.
    Patients in a vegetative state/ unresponsive wakefulness syndrome pose ethical dilemmas to those involved. Many conflicts occur between professionals and families of these patients. In the Netherlands physicians are supposed to withdraw life sustaining treatment once recovery is not to be expected. Yet these patients have shown to survive sometimes for decades. The role of the families is thought to be important. The aim of this study was to make an inventory of the professional perspective on conflicts in long-term care (...)
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  13.  48
    Shifts in the Direction of Dutch Bioethics: Forward or Backward?Gerrit K. Kimsma & Evert van Leeuwen - 2005 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 14 (3):292-297.
    Important bioethcs changes are underway in the Netherlands that carry, for better or worse, far-reaching social consequences. The two major areas of change involve economics and containing soaring health costs and end-of-life care as reflected in several high-profile cases: in a decision handed down by the Dutch Supreme Court on reviewing the procedures for the termination of life, in the discussion surrounding The Groningen Protocol and the active ending of lives in neonatology, and in a report of a Royal Dutch (...)
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  14.  32
    Philosophy of Medical Practice: A Discursive Approach.Evert Van Leeuwen & Gerrit K. Kimsma - 1997 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 18 (1-2).
    In spite of the seminal work A Philosophical Basis of Medical Practice, the debate on the task and goals of philosophy of medicine still continues. From an European perspective it is argued that the main topics dealt with by Pellegrino and Thomasma are still particularly relevant to medical practice as a healing practice, while expressing the need for a philosophy of medicine. Medical practice is a discursive practice which is highly influenced by other discursive practices like science, law and economics. (...)
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  15.  29
    Editorial.Evert Van Leeuwen & Gerrit Kimsma - 1996 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 17 (2):423-423.
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  16.  26
    Editorial.Dave Thomasma, Gerrit Kimsma & Evert van Leeuwen - 1998 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 19 (4):423-423.
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  17.  25
    Editorial.Gerrit K. Kimsma, Evert Van Leeuwen & David Thomasma - 1996 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 17 (4):423-423.
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  18.  11
    Epistemology and Semiotics of Medical Systems: A Comparative Analysis.Martien Brands, Dorothea Franck & Evert van Leeuwen - 2000 - Semiotica 132 (1-2):1-24.
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  19.  11
    Spinoza and the Netherlands. An Inquiry Into the Early Reception of His Philosophy of Religion.Evert van Leeuwen - 1990 - Review of Metaphysics 44 (2):437-438.
    Omnia quae sunt, vel in se, vel in alio sunt. "Everything which is, is either in itself, or in something else." With regard to the history of philosophy the either\or in this first axiom of Spinoza's Ethics has to be read inclusively. The works of philosophers have to be studied in themselves, but also in the works of contemporaries, adherents, and opponents. Siebrand's investigation into the early reception of Spinoza's philosophy of religion should therefore be welcomed. There exists only scarce (...)
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  20.  10
    Descartes and the Enlightenment. [REVIEW]Evert van Leeuwen - 1991 - Review of Metaphysics 44 (4):861-862.
    The conceptualization of periods in history is surrounded by many problems. What does it mean to identify a period by giving it a name, such as the Middle Ages or the Enlightenment? When does a period begin and end? Have St. Thomas Aquinas and Abelard something in common because they lived in the same period? Or Locke, Rousseau, and Kant? These and similar questions are usually studied by historians. Different answers are given when different sets of criteria are applied. Schouls (...)
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  21.  9
    Occult Powers and Hypotheses. Cartesian Natural Philosophy Under Louis XIV. [REVIEW]Evert van Leeuwen - 1990 - Review of Metaphysics 43 (3):625-627.
    In some respects this book can be considered as an elaboration of Clarke's earlier Descartes' Philosophy of Science. The latter work contains Clarke's analysis of the natural philosophy of Descartes with special attention to the role of experience and experiment in the formation and confirmation of theories. The present work focuses on the ways in which French philosophers and scientists tried to work out the general views of De l'Homme and the Principia during the period 1650-1700.
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  22.  14
    Comparing Two Euthanasia Protocols: The Free University of Amsterdam Academic Hospital and the Medical Center of Alkmaar.Gerrit K. Kimsma & Evert Van Leeuwen - 1996 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 5 (1):145.
    Hospital ethics committees in The Netherlands have had the unique responsibility of developing euthanasia policies for their institutions. Although each policy necessarily reflects a particular facility, family resemblances necessarily remain. In the interest of ethics committees outside The Netherlands that may soon face the same challenge, two such policies are presented here accompanied by commentary high-lighting their similarities and differences.
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  23.  14
    From a Dutch Perspective: Response to “Rights of the Terminally Ill Act of the Australian Northern Territory” by Robert L. Schwartz. [REVIEW]Gerrit K. Kimsma & Evert van Leeuwen - 1996 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 5 (2):278.
  24. Law, Life and the Images of Man. Modes of Thought in Modern Legal Theory.Frank Fleerackers, Evert van Leeuwen, Bert van Roermund & Jan M. Broekman - 1997 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 59 (3):588-588.
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  25. Public Policy and Ending Lives.Evert van Leeuwen & Gerrit Kimsma - 2007 - In Rosamond Rhodes, Leslie Francis & Anita Silvers (eds.), The Blackwell Guide to Medical Ethics. Blackwell.
     
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