Results for 'Evolution Philosophy'

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  1. The Philosophy of Social Evolution.Jonathan Birch - 2017 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    From mitochondria to meerkats, the natural world is full of spectacular examples of social behaviour. In the early 1960s W. D. Hamilton changed the way we think about how such behaviour evolves. He introduced three key innovations - now known as Hamilton's rule, kin selection, and inclusive fitness - and his pioneering work kick-started a research program now known as social evolution theory. This is a book about the philosophical foundations and future prospects of that program. [Note: only the (...)
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  2.  18
    Philosophy of Biology Beyond Evolution: Philosophie der Biologie. Eine Einführung Ulrich Krohs and Georg Toepfer, Eds Frankfurt Am Main: Suhrkamp, 2005. [REVIEW]Staffan Mueller-Wille - 2007 - Biological Theory 2 (1):111-112.
  3.  48
    The Philosophy of Human Evolution.Michael Ruse - 2012 - Cambridge University Press.
    1. Evolutionary biology -- 2. Human evolution -- 3. Real science? Good science? -- 4. Progress -- 5. Knowledge -- 6. Morality -- 7. Sex, orientation, and race -- 8. From eugenics to medicine.
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  4.  18
    Philosophy, Evolution, and Human Nature.Florian von Schilcher - 1984 - Routledge and Kegan Paul.
  5. Les Philosophies du Néo-Darwinisme: Conceptions Divergentes Sur l'Homme Et le Sens de L'Évolution.Richard G. Delisle - 2009 - Presses Universitaires de France.
    Contrairement à une croyance trop répandue, le darwinisme et son prolongement au XXe siècle — le néo-darwinisme — ne portent pas sur une idée de l'évolution fondée sur la simple notion de « la survie du plus apte ». Si la théorie de la sélection naturelle est partie intégrante du néo-darwinisme, plusieurs de ses fondateurs seront en quête d'une conception beaucoup plus généreuse, pleine et compréhensive de l'évolution. En réalité, la révolution dite darwinienne s'insère au coeur d'une révolution intellectuelle beaucoup (...)
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  6.  8
    Philosophy, Evolution and Human Nature.Fred Gifford - 1985 - Philosophical Review 94 (4):602.
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  7. Evolution, Creation, and the Philosophy of Science.Paul Thagard - unknown
    Debates about evolution and creation inevitably raise philosophical issues about the nature of scientific knowledge. What is a theory? What is an explanation? How is science different from non- science? How should theories be evaluated? Does science achieve truth? The aim of this chapter is to give a concise and accessible introduction to the philosophy of science, focusing on questions relevant to understanding evolution by natural selection, creation, and intelligent design. For the questions just listed, I state (...)
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  8.  45
    Evolution in American Philosophy.Max H. Fisch - 1947 - Philosophical Review 56 (4):357-373.
    In the middle period of the century of American thought with which our symposium is concerned, there was one idea which so far overshadowed all others that we may fairly confine our attention to it. That idea was evolution.
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  9.  2
    Evolution and the Naked Truth a Darwinian Approach to Philosophy.Gonzalo Munévar - 1998 - Routledge.
    Published in 1998, the main aim of this book is to use a naturalistic, evolutionary approach to solve some of the most important problems in philosophy. The first two problems come from the philosophy of science: the problem of rationality of science and the problem of truth in science. In presenting the first problem, the author argues that the views of Kuhn and Feyerabend do create a very serious challenge to traditional epistemology, however, if the assumption of individual (...)
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  10. Evolution at a Crossroads: The New Biology and the New Philosophy of Science.David J. Depew & Bruce W. Weber - 1985 - Behaviorism 13 (2):187-190.
  11. Evolution and Conservative Christianity: How Philosophy of Science Pedagogy Can Begin the Conversation.Christine A. James - 2008 - Spontaneous Generations 2 (1):185-212.
    I teach Philosophy of Science at a four-year state university located in the southeastern United States with a strong college of education. This means that the Philosophy of Science class I teach attracts large numbers of students who will later become science teachers in Georgia junior high and high schools—the same schools that recently began including evolution "warning" stickers in science textbooks. I am also a faculty member in a department combining Religious Studies and Philosophy. This (...)
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  12.  6
    The Philosophy of Evolution.Uffe Juul Jensen & Rom Harre (eds.) - 1981 - St. Martin's Press.
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  13.  37
    The Evolution and Formation of Indigenous Narration in Chinese Philosophy.Zhiping Yu - 2009 - Frontiers of Philosophy in China 4 (4):511-523.
    Independent narration in Chinese philosophy has gone through the process of interpretation, critical differentiation, dialogue, and original thought, and so is a creative activity that surpasses the conjunctive pattern of universality and particularity. In modern Confucian studies, there has always been a tension between philosophical and historical explanations, which suggests a tension between ecumenical and indigenous experiences. Critical differentiation itself only has methodological significance, and is not a goal in itself. China’s development and strength has encouraged China to engage (...)
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  14. Evolution and the Problem of Other Minds.Elliott Sober - 2000 - Journal of Philosophy 97 (7):365-387.
    We learned from Good that there is no saying whether a black raven confirms the generalization that all ravens are black unless one is prepared to make substantive background assumptions. The same point, applied to the problem of other minds, is that the mere observation that Self and Other share certain behaviors and that Self has a mind is not enough. The problem of other minds turns into the problem of searching out common causes. This paper presents a probabilistic representation (...)
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  15. The Evolution of Three Schools of Latter-Day Zhuang Zi Philosophy.Liu Xiaogan - 1991 - Contemporary Chinese Thought 23 (2):3-6.
    In the last part of the volume, we shall study the ideas of latter-day schools of Zhuang Zi's teachings on the basis of the so-called outer chapters and irregular, or miscellaneous, chapters of the text known as Zhuang Zi. We shall not, however, be making a full, comprehensive study of either of these outer and miscellaneous chapters of Zhuang Zi, nor shall we be making a full study of the ideas of latter-day schools of Zhuang Zi teachings. Rather, we will (...)
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  16.  2
    Philosophy and Evolution: Minding the Gap Between Evolutionary Patterns and Tree-Like Patterns.Eric Bapteste, Frederic Bouchard & Richard M. Burian - 2012 - In M. Anisimova (ed.), Evolutionary Genomics. Methods in Molecular Biology.
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  17.  7
    Philosophy and the Origin and Evolution of the Universe.Evandro Agazzi & Alberto Cordero (eds.) - 1991 - Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    Modern cosmology, though a confluence of relativity theory and elementary particle physics, and with the help of very sophisticated mathematical models, tries to encompass the Universe as a whole, and to propose theories regarding its origin and evolution. But this cannot work without the evolution of several philosophical issues, concerning the epistemological status of this enterprise, its implicit or explicit extra-scientific presuppositions, as well as the real sense and interpretation of the theories and principles involved. This book provides (...)
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  18.  45
    History and Philosophy of Science and the Teaching of Evolution: Students’ Conceptions and Explanations.Kostas Kampourakis & Ross H. Nehm - 2014 - In Michael R. Matthews (ed.), International Handbook of Research in History, Philosophy and Science Teaching. Springer. pp. 377-399.
    A large body of work in science education indicates that evolution is one of the least understood and accepted scientific theories. Although scholarship from the history and philosophy of science (HPS) has shed light on many conceptual and pedagogical issues in evolution education, HPS-informed studies of evolution education are also characterized by conceptual weaknesses. In this chapter, we critically review such studies and find that some work lacks historically accurate characterizations of student ideas (preconceptions and misconceptions). (...)
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  19.  36
    Pragmatism's Evolution: Organism and Environment in American Philosophy.Trevor Pearce - 2020 - Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    In Pragmatism’s Evolution, Trevor Pearce demonstrates that the philosophical tradition of pragmatism owes an enormous debt to specific biological debates in the late 1800s, especially those concerning the role of the environment in development and evolution. Many are familiar with John Dewey’s 1909 assertion that evolutionary ideas overturned two thousand years of philosophy—but what exactly happened in the fifty years prior to Dewey’s claim? What form did evolutionary ideas take? When and how were they received by American (...)
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  20.  8
    The Evolution of Three Schools of Latter-Day Zhuang Zi Philosophy: Preface.Liu Xiaogan - 1992 - Contemporary Chinese Thought 24 (1):3-6.
    In the last part of the volume, we shall study the ideas of latter-day schools of Zhuang Zi's teachings on the basis of the so-called outer chapters and irregular, or miscellaneous, chapters of the text known as Zhuang Zi. We shall not, however, be making a full, comprehensive study of either of these outer and miscellaneous chapters of Zhuang Zi, nor shall we be making a full study of the ideas of latter-day schools of Zhuang Zi teachings. Rather, we will (...)
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  21.  90
    Philosophy of Mind in Sixth-Century China: Paramārtha's "Evolution of Consciousness".Diana Y. Paul - 1984 - Stanford University Press.
    Of the many translators who carried the Buddhist doctrine to China, Paramartha, a missionary-monk who arrived in China in AD 546, ranks as the translator par excellence of the sixth century. Introducing philosophical ideas that would subsequently excite the Chinese imagination to develop the great schools of Sui and T'ang Buddhism, Paramartha's translations are almost exclusively of Yogacara Buddhist texts on the nature of the mind and consciousness. This first study of Paramartha in a Western language focuses on the Chuan (...)
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  22. Evolution and the Levels of Selection.Samir Okasha - 2006 - Oxford University Press.
    Does natural selection act primarily on individual organisms, on groups, on genes, or on whole species? The question of levels of selection - on which biologists and philosophers have long disagreed - is central to evolutionary theory and to the philosophy of biology. Samir Okasha's comprehensive analysis gives a clear account of the philosophical issues at stake in the current debate.
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  23.  72
    The Evolution of Philosophy of Education Within Educational Studies.J. R. Muir - 1996 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 28 (2):1–26.
  24.  5
    Evolution Without Naturalism.Elliott Sober - 2011 - In Jonathan L. Kvanvig (ed.), Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion Volume 3. Oxford University Press.
    God and numbers provide two challenges to metaphysical naturalism–the former if God exists and is a supernatural being, the latter if numbers exist and mathematical Platonism is true. Evolutionary theory is often described as having a commitment to naturalism, but this is doubly wrong. The theory is neutral on the question of whether God exists and mathematical evolutionary theory entails that numbers exist. The chapter develops the point about theistic neutrality by considering what evolutionary biologists mean when they say that (...)
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  25. The Evolution of Morality.Richard Joyce - 2005 - Bradford.
    Moral thinking pervades our practical lives, but where did this way of thinking come from, and what purpose does it serve? Is it to be explained by environmental pressures on our ancestors a million years ago, or is it a cultural invention of more recent origin? In The Evolution of Morality, Richard Joyce takes up these controversial questions, finding that the evidence supports an innate basis to human morality. As a moral philosopher, Joyce is interested in whether any implications (...)
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  26.  24
    Population Thinking in Epistemic Evolution: Bridging Cultural Evolution and the Philosophy of Science.Antonio Fadda - 2021 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 52 (2):351-369.
    Researchers in cultural evolutionary theory have recently proposed the foundation of a new field of research in cultural evolution named ‘epistemic evolution’. Drawing on evolutionary epistemology’s early studies, this programme aims to study science as an evolutionary cultural process. The paper discusses the way CET’s study of science can contribute to the philosophical debate and, vice versa, how the philosophy of science can benefit from the adoption of a cultural evolutionary perspective. Here, I argue that CET’s main (...)
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  27.  2
    The Evolution of A. Durer's Aesthetic Views in the Context of Renaissance Philosophy.Nikolai Adrianovich Bagrovnikov & Marina Fedorova - 2022 - Философия И Культура 6:18-46.
    The article investigates the peculiarities of Durer's aesthetic views in the context of Renaissance philosophy and the theory of cognition of Modern times. Its provisions are compared with fragments of texts by L.-B. Alberti, Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael. The semantic interrelationships of Durer's positions with mysticism, pantheism, natural philosophy and empiricism of Modern Times are emphasized. The interrelation of the problem of knowledge with the theme of freedom and beauty is considered in detail. The authors analyze various opinions (...)
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  28. The Evolution and Meaning of 'Agathos' in the Philosophy of Plato.John Rowe Workman - 1944 - Dissertation, Princeton University
     
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  29. The Evolution of Three Schools of Latter-Day Zhuang Zi Philosophy: Preface.Liu Xiaogan - 1992 - Chinese Studies in Philosophy 24:3-6.
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  30.  53
    Science and Selection: Essays on Biological Evolution and the Philosophy of Science.David L. Hull - 2001 - Cambridge University Press.
    One way to understand science is as a selection process. David Hull, one of the dominant figures in contemporary philosophy of science, sets out in this 2001 volume a general analysis of this selection process that applies equally to biological evolution, the reaction of the immune system to antigens, operant learning, and social and conceptual change in science. Hull aims to distinguish between those characteristics that are contingent features of selection and those that are essential. Science and Selection (...)
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  31. Evolution of Indian Philosophy.K. Satchidananda Murty - 2007 - D.K. Printworld.
    This Book Focuses On The Evolution Of Philosophy In India With Reference To Socio-Political And Economic Conditions, Through Which One Can Learn That Life And Thought Are Invariably Interconnected With Polity And Persons, Economy And Environment. This Book Is Unique In The Sense That It Contains A Review In The Conclusion; And The Philosophical Heritage Has Been Evaluated In Its Introduction.
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  32. Evolution and Religion a Study of the Bearing of Evolution Upon the Philosophy of Religion.John A. O'brien - 1932 - The Century Co.
     
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  33. Darwin's Debt to Philosophy: An Examination of the Influence of the Philosophical Ideas of John F.W. Herschel and William Whewell on the Development of Charles Darwin's Theory of Evolution.Michael Ruse - 1975 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 6 (2):159-181.
  34. Philosophy of Evolution: Western and Indian.Jaideva Singh - 1970 - [Mysore]Prasārānga, University of Mysore.
     
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  35. The Evolution of Three Schools of Latter-Day Zhuang Zi Philosophy.Liu Xiaogan - 1991 - Chinese Studies in Philosophy 23:3-6.
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  36.  3
    Philosophy and Evolution: The Evolution of Philosophy and the Philosophy of Evolution.Roger West - 1986 - Summerhouse Press.
  37.  34
    Evolution 2.0: Implications of Darwinism in Philosophy and the Social and Natural Sciences.Martin Brinkworth & Friedel Weinert (eds.) - 2011 - Springer.
    These essays by leading philosophers and scientists focus on recent ideas at the forefront of modern Darwinism, showcasing and exploring the challenges they raise as well as open problems.
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  38. Philosophy for Children Adapted to Mathematics:: A Study of its Impact on the Evolution of Affective Factors.Louis Lafortune, Marie-France Daniel, Pierre Mongeau & Richard Pallascio - 2003 - Analytic Teaching and Philosophical Praxis 23 (1):10-25.
     
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  39. Evolution and Philosophy.G. H. Duggan - 1949 - Wellington, A. H. & A. W. Reed.
     
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  40. The Philosophy of Evolution and the Myth of Progress.Franz M. Wuketits - 1997 - Ludus Vitalis 5 (9):5-18.
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  41.  10
    Model Of The Evolution Of Social Development In The Philosophy Of Global Constitutionalism.Vitaliy Goncharov, Jacek Zalesny & Marina Savchenko - 2019 - Wisdom 13 (2):51-61.
    This article is devoted to the conceptual analysis of the model of the universe evolution in the philosophy of global constitutionalism. Purpose of research: to develop and justify the construct of education and development of the surrounding reality within the framework of the social concept of global constitutionalism. Object of research: the phenomenon of globalization of socio-political, state-legal and financial-economic development of national societies and states as an appearance of social reality, highlighted in the social concept of global (...)
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  42.  27
    The Evolution of Sagacity: The Three Stages of Oruka's Philosophy.F. Ochieng’-Odhiambo - 2002 - Philosophia Africana 5 (1):19-32.
  43.  4
    The Evolution of John Dewey's Conception of Philosophy and His Notion of Truth.Melvin Tuggle - 1997 - University Press of America.
    The main thesis of this dissertation is that John Dewey's conception of philosophy began and culminated with his concern about the problem of truth. It is asserted here that Dewey's mature conception of philosophy and his notion of truth may be quite profitable for resolving some of our more recent contemporary philosophical problems. To clarify his mature thoughts about philosophy and truth, this study surveys the stages of Dewey's development during his long life-time of ninety-three years. ;Using (...)
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  44. An Aristotelian Account of Evolution and the Contemporary Philosophy of Biology.Mariusz Tabaczek - 2014 - Dialogo 1 (1):57-69.
    The anti-reductionist character of the recent philosophy of biology and the dynamic development of the science of emergent properties prove that the time is ripe to reintroduce the thought of Aristotle, the first advocate of a “top-down” approach in life-sciences, back into the science/philosophy debate. His philosophy of nature provides profound insights particularly in the context of the contemporary science of evolution, which is still struggling with the questions of form, teleology, and the role of chance (...)
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  45. Evolution and Philosophy.Andreas Gerardus Maria van Melsen - 1965 - Pittsburgh: Duquesne University Press.
     
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  46. The Philosophy of Sri Aurobindo: His Idea of Evolution.Joseph Veliyathil - 1972 - Pontifical Institute of Philosophy and Theology.
    Critique of the writings of Aurobindo Ghose, 1872-1950.
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  47.  22
    The Philosophy of Human Evolution: Contemporary Debates in Historical Context: Michael Ruse: The Philosophy of Human Evolution. Cambridge & New York: Cambridge University Press, 2012, X+282pp, $26.99 PB.Russell Powell - 2014 - Metascience 23 (2):285-291.
    What does human evolutionary theory reveal about the origins of human nature and the constraints it imposes on human cognition, behavior, and society? “The whole field of human evolution is pregnant with philosophical questions of great interest”, Michael Ruse concludes in the final passage of The Philosophy of Human Evolution. This engaging and eminently readable romp through the philosophical landscape of human evolution fills a significant niche in the existing literature. There are numerous scientific texts surveying (...)
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  48.  30
    Evolution, Religion, and a Philosophy of Public Education.J. E. Barnhart - 1977 - Journal of Pre-College Philosophy 2 (3):29-38.
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  49.  53
    Why Evolution Has to Matter to Cognitive Psychology and to Philosophy of Mind.Joëlle Proust - 2006 - Biological Theory 1 (4):346-348.
    Growing suspicions were raised however that an exclusively language-oriented view of the mind, focussing on the characterization of anhistorical, static mental states through their propositional contents, was hardly compatible with what is currently known of brain architecture and did not fare well when confronted with results from many behavioral studies of mental functions. My aim in what follows is to show that these forms of dissatisfaction stem from the fact that brain evolution and development were either entirely ignored, or (...)
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  50. The Evolution of Imagination.Stephen T. Asma - 2017 - Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    Guided by neuroscience, animal behavior, evolution, philosophy, and psychology, Asma burrows deep into the human psyche to look right at the enigmatic but powerful engine that is our improvisational creativity—the source, he argues, of our remarkable imaginational capacity. How is it, he asks, that a story can evoke a whole world inside of us? How are we able to rehearse a skill, a speech, or even an entire scenario simply by thinking about it? How does creativity go beyond (...)
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