Results for 'Exchange'

1000+ found
Order:
  1.  44
    Free Exchange and Ethical Decisions.Autarchic Exchange - 2003 - Journal of Libertarian Studies 17 (2):1-9.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  2.  24
    Does Moral Leadership Enhance Employee Creativity? Employee Identification with Leader and Leader–Member Exchange in the Chinese Context.Qinxuan Gu, Thomas Li-Ping Tang & Wan Jiang - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 126 (3):513-529.
    In this article, drawing from a relational perspective, we explore the relationship between moral leadership and employee creativity, treat employee identification with leader and leader–member exchange as two mediators, and develop a new theoretical model of employee creativity. Our data collected from 160 supervisor–subordinate dyads in the People’s Republic of China demonstrate that moral leadership is positively related to both employee identification with leader and LMX. Further, employee identification with leader partially mediates the relationship between moral leadership and LMX. (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   7 citations  
  3.  15
    Ethical Leadership: Assessing the Value of a Multifoci Social Exchange Perspective. [REVIEW]S. Duane Hansen, Bradley J. Alge, Michael E. Brown, Christine L. Jackson & Benjamin B. Dunford - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 115 (3):435-449.
    In this study, we comprehensively examine the relationships between ethical leadership, social exchange, and employee commitment. We find that organizational and supervisory ethical leadership are positively related to employee commitment to the organization and supervisor, respectively. We also find that different types of social exchange relationships mediate these relationships. Our results suggest that the application of a multifoci social exchange perspective to the context of ethical leadership is indeed useful: As hypothesized, within-foci effects (e.g., the relationship between (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   8 citations  
  4.  61
    Impact of Ethical Leadership and Leader–Member Exchange on Whistle Blowing: The Moderating Impact of the Moral Intensity of the Issue. [REVIEW]Kanika T. Bhal & Anubha Dadhich - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 103 (3):485-496.
    Given the prevalence of corporate frauds and the significance of whistle blowing as a mechanism to report about the frauds, the present study explores the impact of ethical leadership and leader–member exchange (LMX) on whistle blowing. Additionally, the article also explores the moderating role of the moral intensity [studied as magnitude of consequences (MOC)] of the issue on this relationship. The article reports results of three experimental studies conducted on the postgraduate students of a premier technology institute in India. (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   7 citations  
  5.  17
    How to Spot a Careerist Early On: Psychopathy and Exchange Ideology as Predictors of Careerism.Dan S. Chiaburu, Gonzalo J. Muñoz & Richard G. Gardner - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 118 (3):473-486.
    Careerism refers to an individual’s propensity to achieve their personal and career goals through nonperformance-based activities. We investigated the role of several dispositional predictors of careerism, including Five-factor model personality traits, primary psychopathy, and exchange ideology. Based on data from 131 respondents, as expected, we observed that emotional stability was negatively correlated with careerism. Primary psychopathy and exchange ideology explained additional variance in careerism after accounting for FFM traits. Relative importance analyses indicated that psychopathy and exchange ideology (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   5 citations  
  6.  27
    A Social Exchange Perspective on Business Ethics: An Application to Knowledge Exchange.Stephen Chen & Chong Ju Choi - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 62 (1):1-11.
    An extensive body of literature in sociology and anthropology has shown that different societies have developed different structures for exchange of items such as goods, status and information. The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate how social exchange theory can help illuminate many of the underlying bases of different ethical perspectives in debates about social exchanges. Social exchange theory is applied to three common types of knowledge exchange – R&D joint ventures, commercial intellectual property (...) and academic exchange. Two key factors that underlie different ethical perspectives are shown to be differences in structures for social exchange and differences in views of the alienability of knowledge from its originator. (shrink)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   8 citations  
  7.  27
    Consumer Trust, Social Marketing and Ethics of Welfare Exchange.Chong Ju Choi, Tarek Ibrahim Eldomiaty & Sae Won Kim - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 74 (1):17-23.
    The global corporate scandals such as Enron, Worldcom and Global Crossing have raised fundamental issues of business ethics as well as economic, social and anthropological questions concerning the nature of business competition and global capitalism. The purpose of this conceptual paper is to introduce the concept of "welfare exchange" to the existing notions of economic, social and anthropological notions of business and exchange in markets and society in the 21st century. Global competition and business success in the 21st (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   5 citations  
  8.  10
    The Moderating Effects of Political Skill and Leader–Member Exchange on the Relationship Between Organizational Politics and Affective Commitment.Takuma Kimura - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 116 (3):587-599.
    Previous empirical studies have shown that perceptions of organizational politics are negatively related to individuals’ affective commitment. The key contribution of this study was that it found the interactive moderating effects of political skill and quality of leader–member exchange (LMX) on the relationship between perceptions of organizational politics and affective commitment. Our results indicated that politics perception affective commitment relationship was weaker when both political skill and quality of LMX are high. When only political skill is high and the (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  9.  33
    Agronomist–Farmer Knowledge Encounters: An Analysis of Knowledge Exchange in the Context of Best Management Practices in England. [REVIEW]Julie Ingram - 2008 - Agriculture and Human Values 25 (3):405-418.
    This paper explores how knowledge is exchanged between agricultural advisors and farmers in the context of sustainable farming practices in England. Specifically the paper examines the nature of the knowledge exchange at the encounters between one group of advisors, agronomists, and farmers. The promotion of best management practices, which are central to the implementation of sustainable agricultural policies in England, provide the empirical context for this study. The paper uses the notion of expert and facilitative approaches as a conceptual (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  10.  10
    Leaders' Personal Wisdom and Leader-Member Exchange Quality: The Role of Individualized Consideration.Hannes Zacher, Liane K. Pearce, David Rooney & Bernard McKenna - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 121 (2):1-17.
    Business scholars have recently proposed that the virtue of personal wisdom may predict leadership behaviors and the quality of leader–follower relationships. This study investigated relationships among leaders’ personal wisdom—defined as the integration of advanced cognitive, reflective, and affective personality characteristics (Ardelt, Hum Dev 47:257–285, 2004)—transformational leadership behaviors, and leader–member exchange (LMX) quality. It was hypothesized that leaders’ personal wisdom positively predicts LMX quality and that intellectual stimulation and individualized consideration, two dimensions of transformational leadership, mediate this relationship. Data came (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  11.  32
    The Impact of Personal and Organizational Moral Philosophies on Marketing Exchange Relationships: A Simulation Using the Prisoner's Dilemma Game. [REVIEW]Alison Watkins & Ronald Paul Hill - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 62 (3):253 - 265.
    The purpose of this research is to examine the impact of individual and firm moral philosophies on marketing exchange relationships. Personal moral philosophies range from the extreme forms of true altruists and true egoists, along with three hybrids that represent middle ground (i.e., realistic altruists, tit-for-tats, and realistic egoists). Organizational postures are defined as Ethical Paradigm, Unethical Paradigm, and Neutral Paradigm, which result in changes to personal moral philosophies and company and industry performance. The study context is a simulation (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  12.  85
    The Preeminence of Use: Reevaluating the Relation Between Use and Exchange in Aristotle's Economic Thought.Todd S. Mei - 2009 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 47 (4):pp. 523-548.
    Aristotle’s economic thinking in the Nicomachean Ethics 5.5 and Politics 1 provides one of the earliest analyses of the economic nature exchange. Establishing the significance of Aristotle in this area has often led modern commentators to equate Aristotle’s descriptive analysis of use and exchange to the definitions of use-value and exchange-value as it is found in Karl Marx. In this article, I show that Aristotle’s understanding of use and exchange is qualitatively different from this interpretation, focusing (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  13.  27
    The Original Construction of Lonergan's Exchange Structure Model.Michael Shute - 2011 - Journal of Macrodynamic Analysis 5:69-93.
    An interpretation of Bernard Lonergan's argument for the Exchange Structure Model as it was originally constructed in "For a New Political Economy." The text reveals the steps whereby Lonergan established a fully dynamic foundation for macroeconomics. The author argues that Lonergan's two-circuit approach offers a paradigm shift in the procedures of economic modeling.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  14.  23
    Infinite Exchange Problems.Michael Scott & Alexander Scott - 2004 - Theory and Decision 57 (4):397-406.
    This paper considers a range of infinite exchange problems, including one recent example discussed by Barrett and Arntzenius, and propose a general taxonomy based on cardinality considerations and the possibility of identifying and tracking the units of exchange.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  15.  18
    Interorganizational Favour Exchange and the Relationship Between Doing Well and Doing Good.Adam Nguyen & Wesley Cragg - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 105 (1):53-68.
    This article examines whether ethical business practice enhances financial performance with respect to interorganizational favour exchange. We argue that the link between the ethicality and economic utility of interorganizational favour exchange is governed by: (1) organizational–individual interest alignment/conflict and (2) the fairness or justifiability of favour exchanges from the perspective of third parties. We classify interorganizational (IO) favour exchange into four types (Business–Personal, Personal–Business, Personal–Personal and Business–Business favour exchange). Our analysis shows that the first three types (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  16. From System Exchange to Globalization.María G. Navarro - 2013 - In Manfred Kohler Philipp Strobl (ed.), The Phenomenon of Globalization: a Collection of Interdisciplinary Globalization Research Essays. Peter Lang Publishing House.
    The objective of this paper is to analyse, from a philosophical perspective, the 16th and 17th Century models of currency, as well as their influence on the types of society in which the models developed. For this, the author values the study by the French philosopher Michael Foucault Words and Things on this matter and the principal foundations of Ludwig von Bertalanffy´s systems theory. The 17th Century model of currency is based on the notion of a system of exchange. (...)
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  17.  8
    Perverse Effects of Other-Referenced Performance Goals in an Information Exchange Context.P. Marijn Poortvliet, Frederik Anseel, Onne Janssen, Nico W. Van Yperen & Evert Van de Vliert - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 106 (4):401-414.
    We argue and demonstrate that an emphasis on outperforming others may lead to perverse effects. Four studies show that assigning other-referenced performance goals, relative to self-referenced mastery goals, may lead to more interpersonally harmful behavior in an information exchange context. Results of Study 1 indicate that assigned performance goals lead to stronger thwarting behavior and less accurate information giving to an exchange partner than assigned mastery goals. Similarly, in Study 2 performance goal individuals more subtly deceived highly competent (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  18.  4
    Ricoeur Economicus: Can Market Exchange Involve Mutual Recognition?Todd Mei - 2012 - In Greg Johnson Dan Stiver (ed.), Paul Ricoeur and the Task of Political Philosophy. pp. 65-84.
    Poststructural criticisms of classical and neoclassical economic conceptions of human motivation and agency often include rejections of how market exchange is conceived to involve only the desires and rationality of a solitary human agent. While many of these criticisms are illuminating, they also tend not to offer a positive, constructive alternative. In this chapter, I discuss the contributions of Paul Ricoeur's understanding of mutual recognition and how it can be used--albeit perhaps despite Ricoeur's own intention and critical assessment of (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  19.  6
    The Assessment of Information Exchange Agreements Between Competitors from the Perspective of Competition Law of the EU and of the Republic of Lithuania.Daivis Švirinas - 2012 - Jurisprudencija: Mokslo darbu žurnalas 19 (1):87-119.
    The article analyses information exchange agreements between competitors. The article aims to reveal the cases where the exchange of information between competitors might be considered as a prohibited agreement, violating Article 101 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union or Article 5 of the Law of the Republic of Lithuania on Competition. The article analyses the legal nature of the information exchange agreements between competitors, with utmost regard to the criteria, according to which an (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  20.  4
    Perverse Effects of Other-Referenced Performance Goals in an Information Exchange Context.P. Marijn Poortvliet, Frederik Anseel, Onne Janssen, Nico W. Yperen & Evert Vliert - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 106 (4):401-414.
    We argue and demonstrate that an emphasis on outperforming others may lead to perverse effects. Four studies show that assigning other-referenced performance goals, relative to self-referenced mastery goals, may lead to more interpersonally harmful behavior in an information exchange context. Results of Study 1 indicate that assigned performance goals lead to stronger thwarting behavior and less accurate information giving to an exchange partner than assigned mastery goals. Similarly, in Study 2 performance goal individuals more subtly deceived highly competent (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  21.  2
    An Economic Approach to the Evolution of Male-Female Exchange.William O. Shropshire - 2003 - Human Nature 14 (3):235-266.
    Males and females of a number of animal species divide labor and provide jointly for offspring. Males may provide food, for example, while females protect defenseless young. This exchange is unlikely, however, unless a prior partnership has been established in which a female practices fidelity in exchange for a male’s provisioning activity. The formation of the trading partnership is itself an exchange, and economic theory can help explain when and why there are mutual gains from trading fidelity (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  22.  25
    Social Exchange in China: The Double-Edged Sword of Guanxi.Danielle E. Warren, Thomas W. Dunfee & Naihe Li - 2004 - Journal of Business Ethics 55 (4):353-370.
    We present two studies that examine the effects of guanxi on multiple social groups from the perspective of Chinese business people. Study 1 (N = 203) tests the difference in perceived effects of six guanxi contextualizations. Study 2 (N = 195) examines the duality of guanxi as either helpful or harmful to social groups, depending on the contextualization. Findings suggest guanxi may result in positive as well as negative outcomes for focal actors and the aggregate.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   21 citations  
  23.  33
    Russia's Economy of Favours: Blat, Networking, and Informal Exchange.Alena V. Ledeneva - 1998 - Cambridge University Press.
    The word blat refers to the system of informal contacts and personal networks which was used to obtain goods and services under the rationing which characterised Soviet Russia. Alena Ledeneva's book is the first to analyse blat in all its historical, socio-economic and cultural aspects, and to explore its implications for post-Soviet society. In a socialist distribution system which resulted in constant shortages, blat developed into an 'economy of favours' which shadowed an overcontrolling centre and represented the reaction of ordinary (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   7 citations  
  24.  39
    Mutual Fund Incubation and the Role of the Securities and Exchange Commission.Carl Ackermann & Tim Loughran - 2006 - Journal of Business Ethics 70 (1):33 - 37.
    A mutual fund family incubates a fund when it creates a privately subsidized fund not available to the general investing public. It destroys unsuccessful incubator funds. The few successful funds will report higher incubation returns than the market return in advertisements intended to attract money from individual investors. This practice is currently allowed by the SEC. The evidence is that incubation returns are not a good predictor of subsequent fund performance and likely serve to mislead unsuspecting investors.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  25.  20
    Electronic Health Record Adoption and Health Information Exchange Among Hospitals in New York State.Erika L. Abramson, Sandra McGinnis, Alison Edwards, Dayna M. Maniccia, Jean Moore & Rainu Kaushal - 2012 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (6):1156-1162.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  26.  20
    The Exchange and Allocation of Decision Power.Tomas Philipson - 1992 - Theory and Decision 33 (3):191-206.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  27.  13
    Stochastic Modeling of Fat‐Tailed Probabilities of Foreign Exchange Rates.Mathias Karth & Joachim Peinke - 2002 - Complexity 8 (2):34-42.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  28.  11
    Emotion in Exchange: Situating Hmong Depressed Mood in Social Context.Christian Postert - 2012 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 40 (4):453-475.
  29.  7
    Revisiting Sociotechnical Systems in a Case of Unreported Use of Health Information Exchange System in Three Hospital Emergency Departments.Mustafa Ozkaynak & Patricia Flatley Brennan - 2013 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 19 (2):370-373.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  30. The Economics of Exchange Rates.Lucio Sarno & Mark P. Taylor - 2002
  31. Exchange Relationships and the Environment: The Acceptability of Compensation in the Siting of Waste Disposal Facilities.Edmundo Claro - 2007 - Environmental Values 16 (2):187-208.
    Within siting literature there is strong agreement that compensation for environmental risks is a necessary condition for local acceptance of waste treatment facilities. In-kind compensation is commonly pushed forward as being more effective than financial benefits in reducing local opposition. By forcusing on the siting of a sanitary landfill in Santiago, Chile, this paper explores the performance of both types of compensation and relates the analysis to the notion of social norms of exchange. These are understood as being based (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  32. The Construction of Social Reality: An Exchange.Barry Smith & John Searle - 2003 - American Journal of Economics and Sociology 62 (2):285-309.
    Part 1 of this exchange consists in a critique by Smith of Searle’s The Construction of Social Reality focusing on Searle’s use of the formula ‘X counts as Y in context C’. Smith argues that this formula works well for social objects such as dollar bills and presidents where the corresponding X terms (pieces of paper, human beings) are easy to identify. In cases such as debts and prices and money in a banks computers, however, the formula fails, because (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   9 citations  
  33.  18
    Exploring Employee Engagement with Social Responsibility: A Social Exchange Perspective on Organisational Participation.R. E. Slack, S. Corlett & R. Morris - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 127 (3):537-548.
    Corporate social responsibility is a recognised and common part of business activity. Some of the regularly cited motives behind CSR are employee morale, recruitment and retention, with employees acknowledged as a key organisational stakeholder. Despite the significance of employees in relation to CSR, relatively few studies have examined their engagement with CSR and the impediments relevant to this engagement. This exploratory case study-based research addresses this paucity of attention, drawing on one to one interviews and observation in a large UK (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   5 citations  
  34.  30
    Logical Reasoning and Domain Specificity: A Critique of the Social Exchange Theory of Reasoning.Paul Sheldon Davies, James H. Fetzer & Thomas R. Foster - 1995 - Biology and Philosophy 10 (1):1-37.
    The social exchange theory of reasoning, which is championed by Leda Cosmides and John Tooby, falls under the general rubric evolutionary psychology and asserts that human reasoning is governed by content-dependent, domain-specific, evolutionarily-derived algorithms. According to Cosmides and Tooby, the presumptive existence of what they call cheater-detection algorithms disconfirms the claim that we reason via general-purpose mechanisms or via inductively acquired principles. We contend that the Cosmides/Tooby arguments in favor of domain-specific algorithms or evolutionarily-derived mechanisms fail and that the (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  35.  35
    The Logic of Social Exchange: Has Natural Selection Shaped How Humans Reason? Studies with the Wason Selection Task.Leda Cosmides - 1989 - Cognition 31 (3):187-276.
  36.  24
    Counterfeit Testimony: Lies, Trust, and the Exchange of Information.Nicholas Tebben & John Philip Waterman - 2016 - Philosophical Studies 173 (11):3101-3117.
    Most explanations of the rational authority of testimony provide little guidance when evaluating individual pieces of testimony. In practice, however, we are remarkably sensitive to the varying epistemic credentials of testimony: extending trust when it is deserved, and withholding it when it is not. A complete account of the epistemology of testimony should, then, have something to say about when it is that testimony is trustworthy. In the typical case, to judge someone trustworthy requires judging them to be competent and (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  37.  5
    Correction To: Message Exchange Games in Strategic Contexts.Nicholas Asher, Soumya Paul & Antoine Venant - forthcoming - Journal of Philosophical Logic:1-1.
    Our paper, ‘Message Exchange Games in Strategic Contexts’ lost the funding information and acknowledgments. We had put in it on its way to publication. We include them in this erratum here.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  38.  40
    Deliberative Exchange, Truth, and Cognitive Division of Labour: A Low-Resolution Modeling Approach.Ulrich Krause & Rainer Hegselmann - 2009 - Episteme 6 (2):130-144.
    This paper develops a formal framework to model a process in which the formation of individual opinions is embedded in a deliberative exchange with others. The paper opts for a low-resolution modeling approach and abstracts away from most of the details of the social-epistemic process. Taking a bird's eye view allows us to analyze the chances for the truth to be found and broadly accepted under conditions of cognitive division of labour combined with a social exchange process. Cognitive (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  39.  8
    The Practical Organization of Moral Transactions Gift Giving, Market Exchange, Credit, and the Making of Diaspora Bonds.Dan Lainer-Vos - 2013 - Sociological Theory 31 (2):145-167.
    The fusion of gift giving and market exchange elements in economic transactions creates practical difficulties. How can the parties involved agree about the meaning of their engagement and the value of the exchanged objects? This article tackles the topic—an important one in economic sociology—by looking at moral transactions (i.e., transactions that combine pecuniary and ethical considerations). Through an empirical study of the issuance of Irish and Israeli diaspora bonds during the 1920s and 1950s, respectively, I identify practices that help (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  40.  48
    Labour, Exchange and Recognition: Marx Contra Honneth.D. A. Borman - 2009 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 35 (8):935-959.
    This article explores Marx’s contention that the achievement of full personhood and, not just consequently, but simultaneously, of genuine intersubjectivity depends upon the attainment of recognition for one’s place in the social division of labour, recognition which is systematically denied to some individuals and groups of individuals through the capitalist organization of production and exchange. This reading is then employed in a critique of Axel Honneth’s theory of recognition which, it is argued, cannot account for the systematic obstacles faced (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  41.  64
    An Exchange: The Morality of Immigration.Ryan Pevnick, Philip Cafaro & Mathias Risse - 2008 - Ethics and International Affairs 22 (3):241-259.
    Writing in EIA 22, no. 1, Mathias Risse presented a novel way to think about the problem of immigration in the context of global justice, adopting the standpoint of the common ownership of the earth. The following Exchange is in response to that essay.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  42.  28
    John Locke’s Seed Lists: A Case Study in Botanical Exchange.Stephen A. Harris & Peter R. Anstey - 2009 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 40 (4):256-264.
    This paper gives a detailed analysis of four seed lists in the journals of John Locke. These lists provide a window into a fascinating open network of botanical exchange in the early 1680s which included two of the leading botanists of the day. Pierre Magnol of Montpellier and Jacob Bobart the Younger of Oxford. The provenance and significance of the lists are assessed in relation to the relevant extant herbaria and plant catalogues from the period. The lists and associated (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  43.  11
    The Leader–Member Exchange Theory in the Chinese Context and the Ethical Challenge of Guanxi.Dan Nie & Anna-Maija Lämsä - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 128 (4):851-861.
    The leader–member relationship has been identified as a key determinant of successful working relationships and business outcomes in China. A high-quality leader–member relationship helps managers and employees to meet the demands they face and gives them the opportunity to develop socially, emotionally and morally. Such relationships form the basis of the overall well-being and success of the organisation. This article contributes to relationally oriented leadership theories and more specifically to the leader–member exchange theory by examining the theory in the (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  44.  36
    Euvoluntary or Not, Exchange is Just.Michael C. Munger - 2011 - Social Philosophy and Policy 28 (2):192-211.
    The arguments for redistribution of wealth, and for prohibiting certain transactions such as price-gouging, both are based in mistaken conceptions of exchange. This paper proposes a neologism, “euvoluntary” exchange, meaning both that the exchange is truly voluntary and that it benefits both parties to the transaction. The argument has two parts: First, all euvoluntary exchanges should be permitted, and there is no justification for redistribution of wealth if disparities result only from euvoluntary exchanges. Second, even exchanges that (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  45.  31
    Invariance Properties of Quantifiers and Multiagent Information Exchange.Nina Gierasimczuk & Jakub Szymanik - 2011 - In M. Kanazawa (ed.), Proceedings of the 12th Meeting on Mathematics of Language, Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence 6878. Springer.
    The paper presents two case studies of multi-agent information exchange involving generalized quantifiers. We focus on scenarios in which agents successfully converge to knowledge on the basis of the information about the knowledge of others, so-called Muddy Children puzzle and Top Hat puzzle. We investigate the relationship between certain invariance properties of quantifiers and the successful convergence to knowledge in such situations. We generalize the scenarios to account for public announcements with arbitrary quantifiers. We show that the Muddy Children (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  46.  74
    Is an Agreement an Exchange of Promises?Margaret Gilbert - 1993 - Journal of Philosophy 60 (12):627-649.
    This paper challenges the common assumption that an agreement is an exchange of promises. Proposing that the performance obligations of some typical agreements are simultaneous, interdependent, and unconditional, it argues that no promise-exchange has this structure of obligations. In addition to offering general considerations in support of this claim, it examines various types of promise-exchange, showing that none satisfy the criteria noted. Two forms of conditional promise are distinguished and both forms are discussed. A positive account of (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   6 citations  
  47.  14
    Rooted in Grass: Challenging Patterns of Knowledge Exchange as a Means of Fostering Social Change in a Southeast Minnesota Farm Community. [REVIEW]Julia Frost Nerbonne & Ralph Lentz - 2003 - Agriculture and Human Values 20 (1):65-78.
    By convening a multidisciplinary team(the Monitoring Team) that included farmers,university and agency researchers, andnon-profit staff; a small group of farmers insoutheast Minnesota, U.S.A., bolstered thelegitimacy of the sustainable agriculturemovement. Through the experience of forming ateam and working with individuals who operatedwithin the mainstream knowledge paradigm,farmers gained validation of their knowledgeabout farming, while researchers came to valuealternative knowledge systems. In the contextof a socially embedded movement, farmers wereempowered by sharing their knowledge withresearchers, and ultimately contributed to thesustainable agriculture movement by challengingtraditional (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  48.  18
    Forms of Exchange: Education, Economics and the Neglect of Social Contingency.Peter Cope & John I’Anson - 2003 - British Journal of Educational Studies 51 (3):219-232.
    Economics is privileged in contemporary government policy such that all human transactions are seen as economic forms of exchange. Education has been discursively restructured according to the logic of the market, with education policy being increasingly colonised by economic policy imperatives. This paper explores some of the consequences of this reframing which draws upon metaphors from industrial and business domains. This paper examines a significant dimension of teaching that currently has marginal presence in official discourse: social contingency. We argue (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  49.  61
    Adversaries or Allies? Occasional Thoughts on the Masham-Astell Exchange.Jacqueline Broad - 2003 - Eighteenth-Century Thought 1:123-49.
    Against the backdrop of the English reception of Locke’s Essay, stands a little-known philosophical dispute between two seventeenth-century women writers: Mary Astell (1666-1731) and Damaris Cudworth Masham (1659-1708). On the basis of their brief but heated exchange, Astell and Masham are typically regarded as philosophical adversaries: Astell a disciple of the occasionalist John Norris, and Masham a devout Lockean. In this paper, I argue that although there are many respects in which Astell and Masham are radically opposed, the two (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  50.  4
    Heraclitus, Seaford, and Reversible Exchange.Chris Kassam & Robbie Duschinsky - 2017 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 31 (4):609-633.
    A "figure of reversible exchange" can be discerned in the fragments of Heraclitus. Again and again we encounter this rhetorical pattern: in the first part of a fragment multiplicity is framed and contained within unity, only for this movement subsequently to be inverted. This inversion, a chiasmus, is not merely a discursive tool of emphasis through contrast; its usage in forming watery and unstable contrasts between the Many and the One, and between Becoming and Being, suggests that the figure (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
1 — 50 / 1000