Search results for 'Execution' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  8
    Arbitrary Execution (forthcoming). Human Rights in Saddam's Iraq: The Violent Coercion and Repression of the Iraqi People. Human Rights Review.
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  2.  52
    Jukka Varelius (2007). Execution by Lethal Injection, Euthanasia, Organ-Donation and the Proper Goals of Medicine. Bioethics 21 (3):140–149.
    ABSTRACTIn a recent issue of this journal, David Silver and Gerald Dworkin discuss the physicians' role in execution by lethal injection. Dworkin concludes that discussion by stating that, at that point, he is unable to think of an acceptable set of moral principles to support the view that it is illegitimate for physicians to participate in execution by lethal injection that would not rule out certain other plausible moral judgements, namely that euthanasia is under certain conditions legitimate and (...)
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  3.  46
    David M. Adams (2016). Belief and Death: Capital Punishment and the Competence-for-Execution Requirement. Criminal Law and Philosophy 10 (1):17-30.
    A curious and comparatively neglected element of death penalty jurisprudence in America is my target in this paper. That element concerns the circumstances under which severely mentally disabled persons, incarcerated on death row, may have their sentences carried out. Those circumstances are expressed in a part of the law which turns out to be indefensible. This legal doctrine—competence-for-execution —holds that a condemned, death-row inmate may not be killed if, at the time of his scheduled execution, he lacks an (...)
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  4.  33
    Martin Roth (2005). Program Execution in Connectionist Networks. Mind and Language 20 (4):448-467.
    Recently, connectionist models have been developed that seem to exhibit structuresensitive cognitive capacities without executing a program. This paper examines one such model and argues that it does execute a program. The argument proceeds by showing that what is essential to running a program is preserving the functional structure of the program. It has generally been assumed that this can only be done by systems possessing a certain temporalcausal organization. However, counterfactualpreserving functional architecture can be instantiated in other ways, for (...)
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  5. B. Sharon Byrd (1989). Kant's Theory of Punishment: Deterrence in its Threat, Retribution in its Execution. [REVIEW] Law and Philosophy 8 (2):151 - 200.
    Kant's theory of punishment is commonly regarded as purely retributive in nature, and indeed much of his discourse seems to support that interpretation. Still, it leaves one with certain misgivings regarding the internal consistency of his position. Perhaps the problem lies not in Kant's inconsistency nor in the senility sometimes claimed to be apparent in the Metaphysic of Morals, but rather in a superimposed, modern yet monistic view of punishment. Historical considerations tend to show that Kant was discussing not one, (...)
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  6.  10
    Wing Kai Lam, Richard S. W. Masters & Jonathan P. Maxwell (2010). Cognitive Demands of Error Processing Associated with Preparation and Execution of a Motor Skill. Consciousness and Cognition 19 (4):1058-1061.
    Maxwell et al. [Maxwell, J. P., Masters, R. S. W., Kerr, E., & Weedon, E. . The implicit benefit of learning without errors. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 54A, 1049–1068. The implicit benefit of learning without errors. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 54A, 1049–1068] suggested that, following unsuccessful movements, the learner forms hypotheses about the probable causes of the error and the required movement adjustments necessary for its elimination. Hypothesis testing is an explicit process that places demands on (...)
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  7.  2
    Victor Olusola Olanipekun (2016). Morality, Justice and the Challenge of Execution of Witches in Africa. Filosofia Theoretica: Journal of African Philosophy, Culture and Religions 5 (1):17-29.
    The question whether justice can be completely detached from morality seems to be relevant to the discussion of the issues that surround the execution of witches in Africa. In spite the widespread belief in witchcraft in African societies, it is apparent that part of the West as well as the Judeo-Christian traditions also support this view. However, this does not remove the fact that, there are thousands of individuals who are still sceptical about such belief. This paper agrees with (...)
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  8. Thomas C. Brickhouse & Nicholas D. Smith (eds.) (2002). The Trial and Execution of Socrates: Sources and Controversies. Oxford University Press.
    Socrates is one of the most important yet enigmatic philosophers of all time; his fame has endured for centuries despite the fact that he never actually wrote anything. In 399 B.C.E., he was tried on the charge of impiety by the citizens of Athens, convicted by a jury, and sentenced to death (ordered to drink poison derived from hemlock). About these facts there is no disagreement. However, as the sources collected in this book and the scholarly essays that follow them (...)
     
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  9.  9
    John Kearns (1999). An Illocutionary Logical Explanation of the Surprise Execution. History and Philosophy of Logic 20 (3-4):195-213.
    This paper further develops the system of illocutionary logic presented in ?Propositional logic of supposition and assertion? (Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 1997, 38, 325-349) to accommodate an ?I believe that? operator and resolve Moore's Paradox. This resolution is accomplished by providing both a truth-conditional and a commitment-based semantics. An important feature of the logical system is that the correctness of some arguments depends on who it is that makes the argument. The paper then shows that the logical system (...)
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  10.  27
    Elizabeth Rapaport, Equality of the Damned: The Execution of Women on the Cusp of the 21st Century.
    This article explores why women are rarely executed and examines the execution of four women in the Post-Furman Era, focusing on the execution of Karla Faye Tucker.
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  11.  5
    Wessel O. van Dam, Shirley-Ann Rueschemeyer, Harold Bekkering & Oliver Lindemann (forthcoming). Embodied Grounding of Memory: Toward the Effects of Motor Execution on Memory Consolidation. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology.
    Behavioural and neuroscientific research has provided evidence for a strong functional link between the neural motor system and lexical?semantic processing of action-related language. It remains unclear, however, whether the impact of motor actions is restricted to online language comprehension or whether sensorimotor codes are also important in the formation and consolidation of persisting memory representations of the word's referents. The current study now demonstrates that recognition performance for action words is modulated by motor actions performed during the retention interval. Specifically, (...)
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  12.  5
    Stephen Greenspan & Harvey N. Switzky (2003). Execution Exemption Should Be Based on Actual Vulnerability, Not Disability Label. Ethics and Behavior 13 (1):19 – 26.
    Mental retardation (MR) is an invented bureaucratic category, currently undergoing radical rethinking and likely renaming, that includes many who have biologically based brain disorders, but is itself determined on functional criteria (e.g., IQ below a certain level) that are purely arbitrary. People with MR are socially vulnerable and thus are more likely to be "naíve confessors", "naíve defendants", and "naíve offenders." That is most likely the (largely unarticulated) rationale and justification for the Supreme Court's decision, in Atkins v. Virginia (2002), (...)
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  13.  4
    Bruce Marshall (1985). Catilina and the Execution of M. Marius Gratidianus. Classical Quarterly 35 (01):124-.
    The ancient tradition is strong that the execution of M. Marius Gratidianus during the Sullan proscriptions was carried out by L. Sergius Catilina. The earliest evidence comes from several passages in Cicero's speech in toga candida, delivered just before the consular elections in 64 and designed to rake up as much prejudice as possible against his two main rival candidates, Catilina and C. Antonius . While in none of the passages does Cicero specifically mention the executioner or the victim, (...)
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  14.  1
    Luka Burazin (2013). Reply to Criticisms of the (Means of) Execution Thesis as a Kind of Legal Sanction. Archiv Fuer Rechts- Und Sozialphilosphie 99 (1):68-76.
    The paper first outlines the thesis on (the means of) execution as a kind of legal sanction (esp. in the case of causing damage). It then sets out the basic theoretical arguments for rejecting the viewpoint according to which the duty of repair represents a sanction in the case of causing damage. The paper goes on to present the viewpoints of several legal philosophers (Bucher, MacCormick, Padjen, Pokrovac) who raised objections to the thesis on (the means of) execution. (...)
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  15. Thomas C. Brickhouse & Nicholas D. Smith (eds.) (2001). The Trial and Execution of Socrates: Sources and Controversies. Oxford University Press Usa.
    Socrates is one of the most important yet enigmatic philosophers of all time; his fame has endured for centuries despite the fact that he never actually wrote anything. In 399 B.C.E., he was tried on the charge of impiety by the citizens of Athens, convicted by a jury, and sentenced to death. About these facts there is no disagreement. However, as the sources collected in this book and the scholarly essays that follow them show, several of even the most basic (...)
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  16. Egidijus Jarašiūnas (2012). Qualitative and Quantitative Parameters of the Execution of Foreign Policy in the Lithuanian Constitution. Jurisprudence 19 (3):923-953.
    The present article analyses the qualitative and quantitative parameters of the execution of foreign policy in the Constitution of the Republic of Lithuania. It should be noted that the matters of foreign policy were on the brink of constitutional regulation for a long time. The powers of institutions of the state in the field of foreign relations were established laconically by the Constitutions of first and second “waves” of establishment of constitutionalism. It was argued that the choices of decisions (...)
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  17. Stefan Scherbaum, Caroline Gottschalk, Maja Dshemuchadse & Rico Fischer (2015). Action Dynamics in Multitasking: The Impact of Additional Task Factors on the Execution of the Prioritized Motor Movement. Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  18.  11
    Jörn Diedrichsen & Katja Kornysheva (2015). Motor Skill Learning Between Selection and Execution. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 19 (4):227-233.
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  19.  4
    Lawrence Nelson & Brandon Ashby (2011). RETHINKING the Ethics of Physician Participation in Lethal Injection EXECUTION. Hastings Center Report 41 (3):28-37.
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  20.  71
    Michael L. Gross (2006). Assassination and Targeted Killing: Law Enforcement, Execution or Self-Defence? Journal of Applied Philosophy 23 (3):323–335.
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  21.  10
    Frédérique De Vignemont, Action Observation and Execution: What is Shared?
    Performing an action and observing it activate the same internal representations of action. The representations are therefore shared between self and other. But what exactly is shared? At what level within the hierarchical structure of the motor system do SRA occur? Understanding the content of SRA is important in order to decide what theoretical work SRA can perform. In this paper, we provide some conceptual clarification by raising three main questions: are SRA semantic or pragmatic representations of action?; are SRA (...)
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  22.  31
    Erik Thomsen, Fred Read, William Duncan, Tatiana Malyuta & Barry Smith (2014). Ontological Support for Living Plan Specification, Execution and Evaluation. In Semantic Technology in Intelligence, Defense and Security (STIDS). 10-17.
    Maintaining systems of military plans is critical for military effectiveness, but is also challenging. Plans will become obsolete as the world diverges from the assumptions on which they rest. If too many ad hoc changes are made to intermeshed plans, the ensemble may no longer lead to well-synchronized and coordinated operations, resulting in the system of plans becoming itself incoherent. We describe in what follows an Adaptive Planning process that we are developing on behalf of the Air Force Research Laboratory (...)
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  23.  92
    Erik Carlson (1995). Brink's and Pietroski's Obligation Execution Principle. Analysis 55 (4):275 - 279.
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  24.  1
    Patrick Lemaire & Mireille Lecacheur (2001). Older and Younger Adults' Strategy Use and Execution in Currency Conversion Tasks: Insights From French Franc to Euro and Euro to French Franc Conversions. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 7 (3):195.
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  25.  6
    Richard J. Golsan & Alice Kaplan (2000). The Collaborator: The Trial and Execution of Robert Brasillach. Substance 29 (3):142.
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  26.  28
    David M. Adams (forthcoming). Medical Ethics and Competence for Execution. Journal of Clinical Ethics.
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  27.  6
    Kurt VanLehn, William Ball & Bernadette Kowalski (1989). Non‐LIFO Execution of Cognitive Procedures. Cognitive Science 13 (3):415-465.
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  28.  10
    Oran Magal, Is Logic Just Last in Line for the Execution? Logic, Holism, and the Constitutive a Priori.
    I argue that Quine’s early critique of Carnap’s conventionalism is in serious tension with the holism of "Two Dogmas of Empiricism", since his critique of convention- alism makes a compelling case for a privileged status either for logic, or for some other principle by means of which to derive consequences. Based on this, I call for a modification of Quinean holism, on grounds internal to Quine’s views. The result motivates a rehabilitation of Carnap’s notion of framework principles, and a rethinking (...)
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  29. Rob Gray (2004). Attending to the Execution of a Complex Sensorimotor Skill: Expertise Differences, Choking, and Slumps. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 10 (1):42-54.
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  30.  2
    Loredana Canzano, Michele Scandola, Valeria Gobbetto, Giuseppe Moretto, Daniela D’Imperio & Valentina Moro (2016). The Representation of Objects in Apraxia: From Action Execution to Error Awareness. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
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  31.  18
    Richard Joseph Golsan (2000). The Collaborator: The Trial and Execution of Robert Brasillach (Review). Substance 29 (3):142-146.
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  32.  19
    J. E. H. Smith (2002). The Trial and Execution of Socrates. Teaching Philosophy 25 (4):391-394.
  33.  12
    J. M. Appel (2005). Wanted Dead or Alive? Kidney Transplantation in Inmates Awaiting Execution. Journal of Clinical Ethics 16 (1):58.
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  34.  3
    Julian Basanovic & Colin MacLeod (forthcoming). Does Anxiety-Linked Attentional Bias to Threatening Information Reflect Bias in the Setting of Attentional Goals, or Bias in the Execution of Attentional Goals? Cognition and Emotion:1-14.
  35.  6
    Detlef Thiel (2008). Philosophy in a Literary Execution. A New Publishing Project. Synthesis Philosophica 22 (2):513-521.
    The paper presents the project, begun in 2005, of publication of the Collected Works of Salomo Friedlaender / Mynona , a German philosopher and satirist. Starting from Schopenhauer, Nietzsche, Goethe, Kant, and Ernst Marcus, Friedlaender developed the basic motives of „creative indifference” and the specific polarity into an original and penetrating philosophy. Living in Berlin from 1902, he was at the center of significant philosophical and literary developments of the 20th century . He was a determined pacifist and Kantian whose (...)
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  36.  2
    Jenna C. Flannigan, Romeo Chua & Erin K. Cressman (2016). The Rapid-Chase Theory Does Not Extend to Movement Execution. Consciousness and Cognition 42:75-92.
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  37.  4
    Daniel Loick & Chad Kautzer (2015). Execution Without Verdict: Kafka’s Person. Law and Critique 26 (2):135-154.
    This contribution investigates the intimate relation and the tension between legal and literary procedures of personification and subjectivation. In order to do so, the contribution turns to Kafka’s The Trial and examines the proximity of the juridical procedure depicted in the novel, intending to establish Josef K. as a subject, to the narrative procedures of the novel itself that aims at bringing forth an accountable protagonist. The intimate relation of the legal procedures described in the novel and the narrative ones (...)
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  38.  1
    Sahil Bajaj, Andrew J. Butler, Daniel Drake & Mukesh Dhamala (2015). Functional Organization and Restoration of the Brain Motor-Execution Network After Stroke and Rehabilitation. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
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  39.  1
    Chiara Begliomini, Teresa De Sanctis, Mattia Marangon, Vincenza Tarantino, Luisa Sartori, Diego Miotto, Raffaella Motta, Roberto Stramare & Umberto Castiello (2014). An Investigation of the Neural Circuits Underlying Reaching and Reach-to-Grasp Movements: From Planning to Execution. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
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  40.  1
    Stephan de la Rosa, Frieder L. Schillinger, Heinrich H. Bülthoff, Johannes Schultz & Kamil Uludag (2016). fMRI Adaptation Between Action Observation and Action Execution Reveals Cortical Areas with Mirror Neuron Properties in Human BA 44/45. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
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  41.  1
    Claudio Maioli & Luca Falciati (2015). Covert Preparation of a Manual Response in a ‘Go’/‘No-Go’ Saccadic Task is Driven by Execution of the Eye Movement and Not by Visual Stimulus Occurrence. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
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  42.  1
    Mattia Marangon, Agnieszka Kubiak & Gregory Króliczak (2016). Haptically Guided Grasping. fMRI Shows Right-Hemisphere Parietal Stimulus Encoding, and Bilateral Dorso-Ventral Parietal Gradients of Object- and Action-Related Processing During Grasp Execution. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
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  43. Zhao Zuojun (2005). The Suspension-of-Execution System and Limiting the Application of the Death Sentence. Contemporary Chinese Thought 36 (3):53-76.
     
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  44.  9
    Per Nyblom (forthcoming). Handling Uncertainty by Interleaving Cost-Aware Classical Planning with Execution. Swedish Ai Society Workshop.
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  45.  19
    Miriam Griffin (1998). Sallust on Catiline A. Drummond: Law, Politics and Power. Sallust and the Execution of the Catilinarian Conspirators. (Historia Einzelschriften, 93.) Pp. 136. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner, 1995. Paper, DM/Sw. Frs. 64.00/öS 499. ISBN: 3-515-06741-. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 48 (01):48-49.
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  46.  17
    Samuel T. Morison (2007). Austin Sarat, Mercy on Trial: What It Means to Stop an Execution. Criminal Law and Philosophy 1 (3):327-331.
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  47.  7
    Detlef Thiel (2008). La philosophie dans l'exécution littéraire. Un projet d'édition nouveau. Synthesis Philosophica 22 (2):513-521.
    L’article présente un projet d’édition des OEuvres complètes du philosophe et satiriste allemand Salomo Friedlaender Mynona , entrepris en 2005. Partant de Schopenhauer, Nietzsche, Goethe, Kant et Ernst Marcuse, le philosophe a développé les raisons fondamentales de « l’indifférence créatrice » et d’une polarité spécifique non romantique vers une étude philosophique approfondie. Installé à Berlin à partir de 1902, Friedlaender se trouvait au coeur des courants philosophiques et littéraires du XXe siècle – l’expressionnisme et le dadaïsme. Pacifiste déterminé et kantien (...)
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  48.  15
    Peter Murphy (2011). Would Donation Undercut the Morality of Execution? American Journal of Bioethics 11 (10):13 - 14.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 11, Issue 10, Page 13-14, October 2011.
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  49.  19
    Atul Gawande, Deborah W. Denno, Robert D. Truog & David Waisel, Physicians and Execution: Highlights From a Discussion of Lethal Injection.
    This article constitutes excerpts of a videotaped discussion hosted by the New England Journal of Medicine on January 14, 2008, concerning a range of topics on lethal injection prompted by the United States Supreme Court's January 7 oral arguments in Baze v. Rees. Dr. Atul Gawande moderated the roundtable that included two anesthesiologists - Dr. Robert Truog and Dr. David Waisel - as well as law professor Deborah Denno. The discussion focused on the drugs used in lethal injection executions, whether (...)
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  50.  6
    Bruce N. Waller (1989). From Hemlock to Lethai Injection: The Case for Self-Execution. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 4 (4):53-58.
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