Results for 'F. Casini'

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  1.  19
    Allegri, F., Le radici storiche dell'etica analitica. Richard Price e il fondamento della virtù, Milano, Angeli, 2004. Armogathe, J.-R., L'anticristo nell'età moderna. Esegesi e politica, Fi-renze, Le Monnier, 2004. [REVIEW]F. Aronadio, P. Burrin, Bollati Boringhieri Torino, G. Canziani, F. Casini, B. Centi, G. Gigliotti, F. Chiereghin, G. Chimirri & H. Cixous - 2005 - Rivista di Filosofia 96 (3).
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  2. Paolo Diego Bubbio e Piero Coda (a cura di), L'Esistenza e il Logos. Filosofia, esperienza religiosa, Rivelazione.F. Casini - 2009 - Iride: Filosofia e Discussione Pubblica 22 (56):253.
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  3.  36
    How to Model Mechanistic Hierarchies.Lorenzo Casini - 2016 - Philosophy of Science 83 (5):946-958.
    Mechanisms are usually viewed as inherently hierarchical, with lower levels of a mechanism influencing, and decomposing, its higher-level behaviour. In order to adequately draw quantitative predictions from a model of a mechanism, the model needs to capture this hierarchical aspect. The recursive Bayesian network formalism was put forward as a means to model mechanistic hierarchies by decomposing variables. The proposal was recently criticized by Gebharter and Gebharter and Kaiser, who instead propose to decompose arrows. In this paper, I defend the (...)
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  4.  39
    Can Interventions Rescue Glennan’s Mechanistic Account of Causality?Lorenzo Casini - 2016 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 67 (4):1155-1183.
    Glennan appeals to interventions to solve the ontological and explanatory regresses that threaten his mechanistic account of causality . I argue that Glennan’s manoeuvre fails. The appeal to interventions is not able to address the ontological regress, and it blocks the explanatory regress only at the cost of making the account inapplicable to non-modular mechanisms. I offer a solution to the explanatory regress that makes use of dynamic Bayesian networks. My argument is illustrated by a case study from systems biology, (...)
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  5.  14
    Newton: The Classical Scholia.Paolo Casini - 1984 - History of Science 22 (1):1-58.
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  6.  23
    Models for Prediction, Explanation and Control: Recursive Bayesian Networks.Lorenzo Casini, Phyllis McKay Illari, Federica Russo & Jon Williamson - 2011 - Theoria : An International Journal for Theory, History and Fundations of Science 26 (1):5-33.
    The Recursive Bayesian Net formalism was originally developed for modelling nested causal relationships. In this paper we argue that the formalism can also be applied to modelling the hierarchical structure of mechanisms. The resulting network contains quantitative information about probabilities, as well as qualitative information about mechanistic structure and causal relations. Since information about probabilities, mechanisms and causal relations is vital for prediction, explanation and control respectively, an RBN can be applied to all these tasks. We show in particular how (...)
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  7. An Abductive Theory of Constitution.Michael Baumgartner & Lorenzo Casini - 2017 - Philosophy of Science 84 (2):214-233.
    The first part of this paper finds Craver’s (2007) mutual manipulability theory (MM) of constitution inadequate, as it definitionally ties constitution to the feasibility of idealized experiments, which, however, are unrealizable in principle. As an alternative, the second part develops an abductive theory of constitution (NDC), which exploits the fact that phenomena and their constituents are unbreakably coupled via common causes. The best explanation for this common-cause coupling is the existence of an additional dependence relation, viz. constitution. Apart from adequately (...)
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  8.  21
    Not-So-Minimal Models: Between Isolation and Imagination.Lorenzo Casini - 2014 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 44 (5):646-672.
    What can we learn from “minimal” economic models? I argue that learning from such models is not limited to conceptual explorations—which show how something could be the case—but may extend to explanations of real economic phenomena—which show how something is the case. A model may be minimal qua certain world-linking properties, and yet “not-so-minimal” qua learning, provided it is externally valid. This, in turn, depends on using the right principles for model building and not necessarily “isolating” principles. My argument is (...)
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  9.  73
    Causation.Lorenzo Casini - 2012 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 27 (2):203-219.
    How many notions of cause are there? The causality literature is witnessing a flourishing of pluralist positions. Here I focus on a recent debate on whether interpreting causality in terms of inferential relations commits one to semantic pluralism (Reiss 2011) or not (Williamson 2006). I argue that inferentialism is compatible with a ‘weak’ form of monism, where causality is envisaged as one, vague cluster concept. I offer two arguments for this, one for vagueness, one for uniqueness. Finally, I qualify in (...)
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  10.  23
    Causation: Many Words, One Thing?Lorenzo Casini - 2012 - Theoria : An International Journal for Theory, History and Fundations of Science 27 (2):203-219.
    How many notions of cause are there? The causality literature is witnessing a flourishing of pluralist positions. Here I focus on a recent debate on whether interpreting causality in terms of inferential relations commits one to _semantic_ pluralism or not. I argue that inferentialism is compatible with a `weak' form of monism, where causality is envisaged as _one_, _vague_ cluster concept. I offer two arguments for this, one for vagueness, one for uniqueness. Finally, I qualify in what sense the resulting (...)
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  11.  17
    Malfunctions and Teleology: On the Chances of Statistical Accounts of Functions.Lorenzo Casini - 2017 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 7 (2):319-335.
    The core idea of statistical accounts of biological functions is that to function normally is to provide a statistically typical contribution to some goal state of the organism. In this way, statistical accounts purport to naturalize the teleological notion of function in terms of statistical facts. Boorse’s, 542–573, 1977) original biostatistical account was criticized for failing to distinguish functions from malfunctions. Recently, many have attempted to circumvent the criticism, 519–541, 2012, Journal of Medicine and Philosophy, 39, 634–647, 2014). Here, I (...)
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  12.  18
    Juan Luis Vives [Joannes Ludovicus Vives].Lorenzo Casini - 2009 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  13. F.P. Ramsey: Philosophical Papers.F. P. Ramsey - 1990 - Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
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  14.  23
    Emotions in Renaissance Humanism: Juan Luis Vives' De Anima Et Vita.Lorenzo Casini - 2002 - In Henrik Lagerlund & Mikko Yrjonsuri (eds.), Emotions and Choice From Boethius to Descartes. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 205--228.
  15.  10
    Spinoza, il materialismo ei radicali liberi.Paolo Casini - 2006 - Rivista di Filosofia 97 (3):387-408.
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  16.  27
    Hypothetical Interventions and Belief Changes.Holger Andreas & Lorenzo Casini - 2019 - Foundations of Science 24 (4):681-704.
    According to Woodward’s influential account of explanation, explanations have a counterfactual structure, and explanatory counterfactuals are analysed in terms of causal relations and interventions. In this paper, we provide a formal semantics of explanatory counterfactuals based on a Ramsey Test semantics of conditionals. Like Woodward’s account, our account is guided by causal considerations. Unlike Woodward’s account, it makes no reference to causal graphs and it also covers cases of explanation where interventions are impossible.
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  17. Horizontal Surgicality and Mechanistic Constitution.Michael Baumgartner, Lorenzo Casini & Beate Krickel - 2018 - Erkenntnis:1-14.
    While ideal interventions are acknowledged by many as valuable tools for the analysis of causation, recent discussions have shown that, since there are no ideal interventions on upper-level phenomena that non-reductively supervene on their underlying mechanisms, interventions cannot—contrary to a popular opinion—ground an informative analysis of constitution. This has led some to abandon the project of analyzing constitution in interventionist terms. By contrast, this paper defines the notion of a horizontally surgical intervention, and argues that, when combined with some innocuous (...)
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  18.  9
    Leonardo Casini.Francesco Tomasoni - 2006 - Rivista di Storia Della Filosofia 4.
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  19. P. Casini, Diderot "philosophe". [REVIEW]Giorgio Tonelli - 1963 - Filosofia 14 (4):791.
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  20.  5
    Horizontal Surgicality and Mechanistic Constitution.Michael Baumgartner, Lorenzo Casini & Beate Krickel - 2020 - Erkenntnis 85 (2):417-430.
    While ideal interventions are acknowledged by many as valuable tools for the analysis of causation, recent discussions have shown that, since there are no ideal interventions on upper-level phenomena that non-reductively supervene on their underlying mechanisms, interventions cannot—contrary to a popular opinion—ground an informative analysis of constitution. This has led some to abandon the project of analyzing constitution in interventionist terms. By contrast, this paper defines the notion of a horizontally surgical intervention, and argues that, when combined with some innocuous (...)
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  21.  5
    Newton in Prussia.Paolo Casini - 2000 - Rivista di Filosofia 91 (2):251-282.
  22.  74
    The Philosophy of P.F. Strawson.P. F. Strawson, Pranab Kumar Sen & Roop Rekha Verma (eds.) - 1995 - Allied Publishers.
    Festschrift honoring P.F. Strawson; includes contributed articles on his contributions in logic and on logic.
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  23.  48
    Objective Reasons for Conscientious Objection in Health Care.Joseph Meaney, Marina Casini & Antonio G. Spagnolo - 2012 - The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 12 (4):611-620.
    Conscientious objection in the health care field—that is, refusal on the part of a medical professional to perform or cooperate in a procedure when it violates his or her conscience—is a growing concern for international legislators and a source of contentious debates among ethicists and the general public. Recognizing a general right to conscientious objection based on individual liberty, and thus a subjective right, could have negative consequences. Conscientious objection in health care settings should be fully protected, however, when the (...)
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  24.  21
    [Letter From F. C. Copleston].F. C. Copleston - 1944 - Philosophy 19 (73):190-191.
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  25.  29
    Alexander Gebharter: Causal Nets, Interventionism, and Mechanisms. Philosophical Foundations and Applications.Lorenzo Casini - 2018 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 49 (3):481-485.
  26.  2
    Alexander Gebharter: Causal Nets, Interventionism, and Mechanisms. Philosophical Foundations and Applications: Springer, Cham, 2017, 184 Pp, $99.99, ISBN: 9783319499079. [REVIEW]Lorenzo Casini - 2018 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 49 (3):481-485.
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  27.  15
    A. Roversi, L'odio in rete. Siti ultras, nazifascismo online, jihad islamica.S. Casini - 2007 - Polis 21 (1):168-169.
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  28. Bångstyriga emotioner.Lorenzo Casini - 2005 - Norsk Filosofisk Tidsskrift 2.
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  29.  21
    Constitution and Causal Roles.Lorenzo Casini & Michael Baumgartner - unknown
    Alexander Gebharter has recently proposed to use Bayesian network causal discovery methods to identify the constitutive dependencies that underwrite mechanistic explanations. The proposal depends on using the assumptions of the causal Bayesian network framework to implicitly define mechanistic constitution as a kind of deterministic direct causal dependence. The aim of this paper is twofold. In the first half, we argue that Gebharter’s proposal incurs severe conceptual problems. In the second half, we present an alternative way to bring Bayesian network tools (...)
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  30.  16
    Candide, Theodicy and the «Philosophie de l'Histoire».Paolo Casini - 2011 - Rivista di Filosofia 102 (3):381-404.
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  31. Diderot and the Portrait of Eclectic Philosophy.P. Casini - 1984 - Revue Internationale de Philosophie 38 (148):35-45.
     
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  32. Descartes och Spinoza om själens aktioner och passioner.Lorenzo Casini - 2000 - Norsk Filosofisk Tidsskrift 1.
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  33.  26
    François-Marie Arouet de Voltaire, Éléments de la Philosophie de Newton, Critical Edition by Robert L. Walters and W. H. Barber. The Complete Works of Voltaire, 15. Oxford: Voltaire Foundation, Taylor Institution, 1992. Pp. Xxii + 850. ISBN 0-7294-0374-2. No Price Given. [REVIEW]Paolo Casini - 1993 - British Journal for the History of Science 26 (3):360-361.
  34.  8
    Ficciones de patagonia: La invención Del sur en la novela de mempo giardinelli.Silvia Casini - 2006 - Alpha (Osorno) 23.
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  35. Gli enciclopedisti e le antinomie del progresso'.P. Casini - 1975 - Rivista di Filosofia 66:236-56.
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  36. Herschel, Whewell, Stuart Mill e l'«analogia della natura».P. Casini - 1981 - Rivista di Filosofia 21 (3):372-91.
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  37. Il concetto di “molecola organica” nella filosofia naturale del Settecento'.P. Casini - 1958 - Giornale Critico Della Filosofia Italiana 37:359-374.
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  38. Illuminismo e scienze in Italia. Per un bilancio di dieci anni di studi italiani di storia della scienza secolo XVIII.P. Casini - 1991 - Rivista di Filosofia 82 (3):455-475.
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  39.  9
    Il momento newtoniano in Italia: un post-scriptum.Paolo Casini - 2006 - Rivista di Storia Della Filosofia 2.
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  40. Il mito pitagorico e la rivoluzione astronomica.P. Casini - 1994 - Rivista di Filosofia 85 (1):7-33.
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  41. Il problema D'Alembert.Paolo Casini - 1970 - Rivista di Filosofia 1 (1):26-47.
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  42.  6
    James, Freud e il determinismo della psiche.Paolo Casini - 2002 - Rivista di Filosofia 93 (1):65-88.
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  43.  98
    Juan Luis Vives' Conception of Freedom of the Will and its Scholastic Background.Lorenzo Casini - 2006 - Vivarium 44 (s 2-3):396-417.
    The aim of the present paper is to approach Juan Luis Vives' conception of freedom of the will in light of scholastic discussions on will and free choice, and point to some interesting similarities with the analysis of free choice contained in Jean Buridan's Quaestiones super decem libros Ethicorum Aristotelis ad Nicomachum.
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  44.  8
    Juan Luis Vives.Lorenzo Casini - 2011 - In H. Lagerlund (ed.), Encyclopedia of Medieval Philosophy. Springer. pp. 658--661.
  45.  9
    Kant e la rivoluzione newtoniana.Paolo Casini - 2004 - Rivista di Filosofia 95 (3):377-418.
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  46.  6
    Leibnitiana.Paolo Casini - 2002 - Rivista di Filosofia 93 (3):459-470.
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  47.  9
    Leopardi apprendista: scienza e filosofia.Paolo Casini - 1998 - Rivista di Filosofia 89 (3):417-444.
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  48. L'eclissi della scienza'.Paolo Casini - 1970 - Rivista di Filosofia 61 (3):239-262.
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  49.  7
    La filosofia a Roma.Paolo Casini - 2003 - Rivista di Filosofia 94 (2):215-284.
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  50.  9
    L'iniziazione Pitagorica Di Vico.Paolo Casini - 1996 - Rivista di Storia Della Filosofia 4.
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