Results for 'F. G. Menga'

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  1. M. ILLICETO, La persona: dalla relazione alla responsabilita. Lineamenti di ontologia relazionale.F. G. Menga - 2008 - Rivista di Filosofia Neo-Scolastica 100 (4):662.
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  2.  15
    Books and Readers in Ancient Greece and Rome. By F. G. Kenyon. 2nd Ed. Pp. Vii + 136, 8 Pll. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1951. 8s. 6d. [REVIEW]W. B. Sedgwick & F. G. Kenyon - 1952 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 72:123-123.
  3. The Spiritualist: A Short Exposition of Psychology Based Upon Material Truths, and of the Faith to Which It Leads, by D.F.G.F. G. D. & Spiritualist - 1857
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  4.  77
    A Calculus for Antinomies.F. G. Asenjo - 1966 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 16 (1):103-105.
  5.  15
    A Calculus of Antinomies.F. G. Asenjo - 1966 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 7:103.
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  6.  52
    The Dead Donor Rule: Can It Withstand Critical Scrutiny?F. G. Miller, R. D. Truog & D. W. Brock - 2010 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 35 (3):299-312.
    Transplantation of vital organs has been premised ethically and legally on "the dead donor rule" (DDR)—the requirement that donors are determined to be dead before these organs are procured. Nevertheless, scholars have argued cogently that donors of vital organs, including those diagnosed as "brain dead" and those declared dead according to cardiopulmonary criteria, are not in fact dead at the time that vital organs are being procured. In this article, we challenge the normative rationale for the DDR by rejecting the (...)
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  7.  58
    Logic of Antinomies.F. G. Asenjo & J. Tamburino - 1975 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 16 (1):17-44.
  8.  23
    Limits to Research Risks.F. G. Miller & S. Joffe - 2009 - Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (7):445-449.
    Risk–benefit assessment is a routine requirement for research ethics committees that review and oversee biomedical research with human subjects. Nevertheless, it remains unclear how to weigh and balance risks to research participants against the social benefits that flow from generating biomedical knowledge. In this article, we address the question of whether there are any reasonable criteria for defining the limit of permissible risks to individuals who provide informed consent for research participation. We argue against any a priori limit to permissible (...)
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  9.  76
    Understanding and Harnessing Placebo Effects: Clearing Away the Underbrush.F. G. Miller & H. Brody - 2011 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 36 (1):69-78.
    Despite strong growth in scientific investigation of the placebo effect, understanding of this phenomenon remains deeply confused. We investigate critically seven common conceptual distinctions that impede clear understanding of the placebo effect: (1) verum/placebo, (2) active/inactive, (3) signal/noise, (4) specific/nonspecific, (5) objective/subjective, (6) disease/illness, and (7) intervention/context. We argue that some of these should be eliminated entirely, whereas others must be used with caution to avoid bias. Clearing away the conceptual underbrush is needed to lay down a path to understanding (...)
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  10.  43
    Payment for Research Participation: A Coercive Offer?A. Wertheimer & F. G. Miller - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (5):389-392.
    Payment for research participation has raised ethical concerns, especially with respect to its potential for coercion. We argue that characterising payment for research participation as coercive is misguided, because offers of benefit cannot constitute coercion. In this article we analyse the concept of coercion, refute mistaken conceptions of coercion and explain why the offer of payment for research participation is never coercive but in some cases may produce undue inducement.
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  11.  25
    Flipping Properties: A Unifying Thread in the Theory of Large Cardinals.F. G. Abramson, L. A. Harrington, E. M. Kleinberg & W. S. Zwicker - 1977 - Annals of Mathematical Logic 12 (1):25.
  12.  26
    The Seduction of Radical Democracy. Deconstructing Hannah Arendt's Political Discourse.Ferdinando G. Menga - 2014 - Constellations 21 (3):313-326.
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  13.  37
    Decapitation and the Definition of Death.F. G. Miller & R. D. Truog - 2010 - Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (10):632-634.
    Although established in the law and current practice, the determination of death according to neurological criteria continues to be controversial. Some scholars have advocated return to the traditional circulatory and respiratory criteria for determining death because individuals diagnosed as ‘brain dead’ display an extensive range of integrated biological functioning with the aid of mechanical ventilation. Others have attempted to refute this stance by appealing to the analogy between decapitation and brain death. Since a decapitated animal is obviously dead, and ‘brain (...)
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  14.  42
    Assessing Research Risks Systematically: The Net Risks Test.D. Wendler & F. G. Miller - 2007 - Journal of Medical Ethics 33 (8):481-486.
    Dual-track assessment directs research ethics committees to assess the risks of research interventions based on the unclear distinction between therapeutic and non-therapeutic interventions. The net risks test, in contrast, relies on the clinically familiar method of assessing the risks and benefits of interventions in comparison to the available alternatives and also focuses attention of the RECs on the central challenge of protecting research participants.Research guidelines around the world recognise that clinical research is ethical only when the risks to participants are (...)
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  15.  49
    There Are (STILL) No Coercive Offers.A. Wertheimer & F. G. Miller - 2014 - Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (9):592-593.
    John McMillan's article raises numerous important points about the ethics of surgical castration of sex offenders.1 In this commentary, we focus solely on and argue against the claim that the offer of release from detention conditional upon surgical castration is a coercive offer that compromises the validity of the offender's consent. We take no view on the question as to whether castration for sex offenders is ethically permissible. But, we reject the claim that it is ethically permissible only if competing (...)
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  16. Self-Recognition and Self-Awareness in Lowland Gorillas.F. G. P. Patterson & Robert G. Cohn - 1994 - In S. T. Parker, R. Mitchell & M. L. Boccia (eds.), Self-Awareness in Animals and Humans: Developmental Perspectives. Cambridge University Press.
  17.  31
    Integral Analysis and the Phenomena of lifeDie Integralanalyse Und Die LebenserscheinungenL'Analyse Intégrale Et les Phénomènes de la Vie.F. G. Donnan - 1936 - Acta Biotheoretica 2 (1):1-11.
    Der Beschreibung der zeitlichen Entwicklung lebender Systeme kann eine reine Differentialanalyse nicht genügen. In solchen Fällen muss man sich an Stelle der gewöhnlichen Differentialgleichungen der integraldifferentiellen, bezw. der Integralgleichungen bedienen. Zur leichteren Veranschaulichung der mathematischen Darstellung betrachtet Verfasser zuerst diejenigen Systeme, deren innerer Zustand sich durch ein einziges Parameterc bestimmen lässt. Die zeitliche Entwicklung eines leblosen Systems dieser Klasse werde durch die Differentialgleichung dcdt=kf... dargestellt, wot=Zeit, undk eine Funktion der äusseren Parameterα, Β, γ. ist. Im Falle eines jeden Systems sind (...)
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  18.  15
    Stimulating the Self: The Influence of Conceptual Frameworks on Reactions to Deep Brain Stimulation.Giulio Mecacci & W. F. G. Haselager - 2014 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 5 (4):30-39.
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  19.  25
    [Omnibus Review].F. G. Asenjo - 1991 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 56 (4):1503-1504.
    Reviewed Works:G. Priest, R. Routley, Graham Priest, Richard Routley, Jean Norman, First Historical Introduction. A Preliminary History of Paraconsistent and Dialethic Approaches.Ayda I. Arruda, Aspects of the Historical Development of Paraconsistent Logic.G. Priest, R. Routley, Systems of Paraconsistent Logic.G. Priest, R. Routley, Applications of Paraconsistent Logic.G. Priest, R. Routley, The Philosophical Significance and Inevitability of Paraconsistency.
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  20.  22
    Continua Without Sets.F. G. Asenjo - 1993 - Logic and Logical Philosophy 1:95-128.
    Initially, we perceive an indefinite extension imprecisely, a spread C ; this perception can be visual, aural, or tactile.
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  21.  6
    Ethics of Deep Brain Stimulation in Adolescent Patients with Refractory Tourette Syndrome: A Systematic Review and Two Case Discussions.A. F. G. Leentjens, L. Ackermans, Y. Temel, G. de Wert, C. Verdellen, D. Horstkötter, A. A. Duits & Anouk Y. J. M. Smeets - 2018 - Neuroethics 11 (2):143-155.
    IntroductionTourette Syndrome is a childhood onset disorder characterized by vocal and motor tics and often remits spontaneously during adolescence. For treatment refractory patients, Deep Brain Stimulation may be considered.Methods and ResultsWe discuss ethical problems encountered in two adolescent TS patients treated with DBS and systematically review the literature on the topic. Following surgery one patient experienced side effects without sufficient therapeutic effects and the stimulator was turned off. After a second series of behavioural treatment, he experienced a tic reduction of (...)
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  22. Cognitive Science and Folk Psychology: The Right Frame of Mind.W. F. G. Haselager - 1997 - Sage Publications.
  23. L'appuntamento Mancato: Il Giovane Heidegger E I Sentieri Interrotti Della Democrazia.Ferdinando G. Menga - 2010 - Quodlibet.
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  24. The Prevalence of Deceit.F. G. Bailey - 1991 - Cornell University Press.
     
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  25.  12
    Is It Ethical to Keep Interim Findings of Randomised Controlled Trials Confidential?F. G. Miller & D. Wendler - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (3):198-201.
    Data monitoring committees often are employed to review interim findings of randomised controlled trials. Interim findings are kept confidential until the data monitoring committee finds that they provide sufficiently compelling evidence regarding efficacy, typically because they have crossed the pre-defined statistical boundaries, or they raise serious concerns about safety. While this practice is vital to maintaining the scientific integrity of controlled trials and thereby ensuring their social value, it has been criticised as unethical. Commentators argue that withholding interim findings from (...)
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  26.  50
    Leśniewski's Work and Nonclassical Set Theories.F. G. Asenjo - 1977 - Studia Logica 36 (4):249-255.
  27.  60
    The Difference Between Fichte's and Schelling's System of Philosophy: An English Translation of G. W. F. Hegel's Differenz des Fichte'schen Und Schelling'schen Systems der Philosophie. [REVIEW]G. W. F. Hegel - 1977 - State University of New York Press.
    In this essay, Hegel attempted to show how Fichte’s Science of Knowledge was an advance from the position of Kant in the Critique of Pure Reason, and how Schelling (and incidentally Hegel himself) had made a further advance from the position of Fichte.
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  28.  44
    Hegel: Faith and Knowledge: An English Translation of G. W. F. Hegel's Glauben Und Wissen.G. W. F. Hegel - 1977 - State University of New York Press.
    This is the first English translation of this important essay.
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  29.  69
    G. Priest and R. Routley. First Historical Introduction. A Preliminary History of Paraconsistent and Dialethic Approaches. Paraconsistent Logic, Essays on the Inconsistent, Edited by Graham Priest, Richard Routley, and Jean Norman, Analytica, Philosophia Verlag, Munich, Hamden, and Vienna, 1989, Pp. 3–75. - Ayda I. Arruda. Aspects of the Historical Development of Paraconsistent Logic. Paraconsistent Logic, Essays on the Inconsistent, Edited by Graham Priest, Richard Routley, and Jean Norman, Analytica, Philosophia Verlag, Munich, Hamden, and Vienna, 1989, Pp. 99–130. - G. Priest and R. Routley. Systems of Paraconsistent Logic. Paraconsistent Logic, Essays on the Inconsistent, Edited by Graham Priest, Richard Routley, and Jean Norman, Analytica, Philosophia Verlag, Munich, Hamden, and Vienna, 1989, Pp. 151–186. - G. Priest and R. Routley. Applications of Paraconsistent Logic. Paraconsistent Logic, Essays on the Inconsistent, Edited by Graham Priest, Richard Routley, and Jean Norman, Ana. [REVIEW]F. G. Asenjo - 1991 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 56 (4):1503-1504.
  30. TEIXEIRA, F. G. - Sur les problèmes célèbres de la géométrie élémentaire, non résolubles avec la règle et le compas. [REVIEW]G. Loria - 1917 - Scientia 11 (21):505.
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  31. Teixeira, F. G. - Sur Les Problèmes Célèbres De La Géométrie Élémentaire, Non Résolubles Avec La Règle Et Le Compas. [REVIEW]G. Loria - 1917 - Scientia, Rivista di Scienza 11 (21):505.
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  32.  17
    Acupuncture Trials and Informed Consent.F. G. Miller & T. J. Kaptchuk - 2007 - Journal of Medical Ethics 33 (1):43-44.
    Participants are often not informed by investigators who conduct randomised, placebo-controlled acupuncture trials that they may receive a sham acupuncture intervention. Instead, they are told that one or more forms of acupuncture are being compared in the study. This deceptive disclosure practice lacks a compelling methodological rationale and violates the ethical requirement to obtain informed consent. Participants in placebo-controlled acupuncture trials should be provided an accurate disclosure regarding the use of sham acupuncture, consistent with the practice of placebo-controlled drug trials.
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  33.  19
    A Public Health Perspective on Research Ethics.D. R. Buchanan & F. G. Miller - 2006 - Journal of Medical Ethics 32 (12):729-733.
    Ethical guidelines for conducting clinical trials have historically been based on a perceived therapeutic obligation to treat and benefit the patient-participants. The origins of this ethical framework can be traced to the Hippocratic oath originally written to guide doctors in caring for their patients, where the overriding moral obligation of doctors is strictly to do what is best for the individual patient, irrespective of other social considerations. In contrast, although medicine focuses on the health of the person, public health is (...)
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  34.  46
    One and Many.F. G. Asenjo - 1966 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 26 (3):361-370.
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  35. Connectionism, Systematicity, and the Frame Problem.W. F. G. Haselager & J. F. H. Van Rappard - 1998 - Minds and Machines 8 (2):161-179.
    This paper investigates connectionism's potential to solve the frame problem. The frame problem arises in the context of modelling the human ability to see the relevant consequences of events in a situation. It has been claimed to be unsolvable for classical cognitive science, but easily manageable for connectionism. We will focus on a representational approach to the frame problem which advocates the use of intrinsic representations. We argue that although connectionism's distributed representations may look promising from this perspective, doubts can (...)
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  36.  36
    Relations Irreducible to Classes.F. G. Asenjo - 1963 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 4 (3):193-200.
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  37.  37
    The Gene’s-Eye View, Major Transitions and the Formal Darwinism Project.Andrew F. G. Bourke - 2014 - Biology and Philosophy 29 (2):241-248.
    I argue that Grafen’s formal darwinism project could profitably incorporate a gene’s-eye view, as informed by the major transitions framework. In this, instead of the individual being assumed to maximise its inclusive fitness, genes are assumed to maximise their inclusive fitness. Maximisation of fitness at the individual level is not a straightforward concept because the major transitions framework shows that there are several kinds of biological individual. In addition, individuals have a definable fitness, exhibit individual-level adaptations and arise in a (...)
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  38.  14
    Does the Convention on Biodiversity Safeguard Biological Diversity?F. G. Mueller - 2000 - Environmental Values 9 (1):55-80.
    This paper attempts to assess and evaluate some of the economic implications of the Convention on Biological Diversity. After outlining the main principles and the scope of this Convention, the following issues are addressed: the determination of the 'optimal' level of biodiversity loss, the meaning of incremental costs, and monetary evaluation problems of ecological resources and the problems it poses for the funding mechanism. The paper concludes with a discussion of the issues of commercialisation and access to genetic resources.
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  39.  25
    A Medical Papyrus in the British Museum.F. G. Kenyon - 1892 - The Classical Review 6 (06):237-240.
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  40. Pursuing the Good: Ethics and Metaphysics in Plato's Republic.D. Cairns, F. G. Herrmann & T. Penner (eds.) - 2007 - University of Edinburgh.
  41.  40
    Robotics, Philosophy and the Problems of Autonomy.Willem F. G. Haselager - 2005 - Pragmatics and Cognition 13 (3):515-532.
    Robotics can be seen as a cognitive technology, assisting us in understanding various aspects of autonomy. In this paper I will investigate a difference between the interpretations of autonomy that exist within robotics and philosophy. Based on a brief review of some historical developments I suggest that within robotics a technical interpretation of autonomy arose, related to the independent performance of tasks. This interpretation is far removed from philosophical analyses of autonomy focusing on the capacity to choose goals for oneself. (...)
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  42.  36
    East European Papers J. Irmscher, D. B. Schelow (eds.): Griechische Städte und einheimische Völker des Schwarzmeergebietes. Eine Aufsatzsammlung. (D. Akad. d. Wiss. zu Berlin, Schr. d. Sekt. f. Altertumswiss., 28.) Pp. viii+163; 37 plates. Berlin: Akademie-Verlag, 1961. Paper, DM. 38. [REVIEW]F. G. B. Millar - 1963 - The Classical Review 13 (01):100-101.
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  43. On Religion. [REVIEW]F. G. A. - 1964 - Review of Metaphysics 18 (1):177-177.
    This volume contains the Dialogues, The Natural History of Religion, and several short essays and selections from other works. The selection is a good one, but the editor's introduction does little to explicate the principles upon which Hume's writings on religion are based or to connect them with his other philosophical work.—A. F. G.
     
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  44.  59
    Robotics, Philosophy and the Problems of Autonomy.Willem F. G. Haselager - 2005 - Pragmatics and Cognition 13 (3):515-532.
    Robotics can be seen as a cognitive technology, assisting us in understanding various aspects of autonomy. In this paper I will investigate a difference between the interpretations of autonomy that exist within robotics and philosophy. Based on a brief review of some historical developments I suggest that within robotics a technical interpretation of autonomy arose, related to the independent performance of tasks. This interpretation is far removed from philosophical analyses of autonomy focusing on the capacity to choose goals for oneself. (...)
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  45.  86
    Setting Things Before the Mind: M.G.F. Martin.M. G. F. Martin - 1998 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 43:157-179.
    Listening to someone from some distance in a crowded room you may experience the following phenomenon: when looking at them speak, you may both hear and see where the source of the sounds is; but when your eyes are turned elsewhere, you may no longer be able to detect exactly where the voice must be coming from. With your eyes again fixed on the speaker, and the movement of her lips a clear sense of the source of the sound will (...)
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  46.  64
    II—M.G.F. Martin.M. G. F. Martin - 1997 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 71 (1):75-98.
  47.  4
    F.G.W. Struve . Astronomer at the Pulkovo Observatory.A. J. M. Szanser - 1972 - Annals of Science 28 (4):327-346.
  48.  15
    Cetacean Brain Evolution.S. H. Ridgway & F. G. Wood - 1988 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (1):99-100.
  49.  13
    The Significance of Scientific Theories.W. F. G. Swann - 1940 - Philosophy of Science 7 (3):273-287.
  50.  34
    Death and Legal Fictions.S. K. Shah, R. D. Truog & F. G. Miller - 2011 - Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (12):719-722.
    Advances in life-saving technologies in the past few decades have challenged our traditional understandings of death. Traditionally, death was understood to occur when a person stops breathing, their heart stops beating and they are cold to the touch. Today, physicians determine death by relying on a diagnosis of ‘total brain failure’ or by waiting a short while after circulation stops. Evidence has emerged, however, that the conceptual bases for these approaches to determining death are fundamentally flawed and depart substantially from (...)
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