Results for 'F. Gaus'

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  1.  69
    Property, Rights, and Freedom*: GERALD F. GAUS.Gerald F. Gaus - 1994 - Social Philosophy and Policy 11 (2):209-240.
    William Perm summarized the Magna Carta thus: “First, It asserts Englishmen to be free; that's Liberty. Secondly, they that have free-holds, that's Property.” Since at least the seventeenth century, liberals have not only understood liberty and property to be fundamental, but to be somehow intimately related or interwoven. Here, however, consensus ends; liberals present an array of competing accounts of the relation between liberty and property. Many, for instance, defend an essentially instrumental view, typically seeing private property as justified because (...)
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  2.  56
    Why All Welfare States Are Unreasonable*: GERALD F. GAUS.Gerald F. Gaus - 1998 - Social Philosophy and Policy 15 (2):1-33.
    Liberal political theory is all too familiar with the divide between classical and welfare-state liberals. Classical liberals, as we all know, insist on the importance of small government, negative liberty, and private property. Welfare-state liberals, on the other hand, although they too stress civil rights, tend to be sympathetic to “positive liberty,” are for a much more expansive government, and are often ambivalent about private property. Although I do not go so far as to entirely deny the usefulness of this (...)
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  3. What is Deontology?, Part Two: Reasons to Act Gerald F. Gaus.Gerald Gaus - unknown
    Part One of this essay considered familiar ways of characterizing deontology, which focus on the notions of the good and the right. Here we will take up alternative approaches, which stress the type of reasons for actions that are generated by deontological theories. Although some of these alternative conceptualizations of deontology also employ a distinction between the good and the right, all mark the basic contrast between deontology and teleology in terms of reasons to act.
     
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  4. What is Deontology?, Part One: Orthodox Viewsa Gerald F. Gaus.Gerald Gaus - unknown
    Current moral philosophy is often seen as essentially a debate between the two great traditions of consequentialism and deontology. Although there has been considerable work clarifying consequentialism, deontology is more often attacked or defended than analyzed. Just how we are to understand the very idea of a deontological ethic? We shall see that competing conceptions of deontology have been advanced in recent ethical thinking, leading to differences in classifying ethical theories. If we do not focus on implausible versions, the idea (...)
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  5.  10
    On F. A. Hayek’s “Freedom, Reason, and Tradition”.Gerald Gaus - 2015 - Ethics 125 (3):820-822,.
  6. Justificatory Liberalism: An Essay on Epistemology and Political Theory.Gerald F. Gaus - 1996 - Oxford University Press.
    This book advances a theory of personal, public and political justification. Drawing on current work in epistemology and cognitive psychology, the work develops a theory of personally justified belief. Building on this account, it advances an account of public justification that is more normative and less "populist" than that of "political liberals." Following the social contract theories of Hobbes, Locke and Kant, the work then argues that citizens have conclusive reason to appoint an umpire to resolve disputes arising from inconclusive (...)
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  7.  9
    An Essay on Rights.Gerald F. Gaus - 1996 - Journal of Philosophy 93 (4):203.
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  8.  7
    Truth, Politics, Morality: Pragmatism and Deliberation.G. F. Gaus - 2001 - Mind 110 (439):796-799.
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  9.  30
    Value and Justification: The Foundations of Liberal Theory.Gerald F. Gaus - 1990 - Cambridge University Press.
    This important new book takes as its points of departure two questions: What is the nature of valuing? and What morality can be justified in a society that deeply disagrees on what is truly valuable? In Part One, the author develops a theory of value that attempts to reconcile reason with passions. Part Two explores how this theory of value grounds our commitment to moral action. The author argues that rational moral action can neither be seen as a way of (...)
  10. Perfectionism and Neutrality: Essays in Liberal Theory.Bruce Ackerman, Richard J. Arneson, Ronald W. Dworkin, Gerald F. Gaus, Kent Greenawalt, Vinit Haksar, Thomas Hurka, George Klosko, Charles Larmore, Stephen Macedo, Thomas Nagel, John Rawls, Joseph Raz & George Sher - 2003 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Editors provide a substantive introduction to the history and theories of perfectionism and neutrality, expertly contextualizing the essays and making the collection accessible.
     
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  11.  53
    On Justifying the Moral Rights of the Moderns: A Case of Old Wine in New Bottles.Gerald F. Gaus - 2007 - Social Philosophy and Policy 24 (1):84-119.
    In this essay I sketch a philosophical argument for classical liberalism based on the requirements of public reason. I argue that we can develop a philosophical liberalism that, unlike so much recent philosophy, takes existing social facts and mores seriously while, at the same time, retaining the critical edge characteristic of the liberal tradition. I argue that once we develop such an account, we are led toward a vindication of “old” (qua classical) liberal morality—what Benjamin Constant called the “liberties of (...)
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  12. Social Philosophy.Gerald F. Gaus - 1999
     
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  13.  36
    The Moral Foundations of Liberal Neutrality.Gerald F. Gaus - 2009 - In Thomas Christiano & John Philip Christman (eds.), Contemporary Debates in Political Philosophy. Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 91--2.
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  14. Reasonable Pluralism and the Domain of the Political: How the Weaknesses of John Rawls's Political Liberalism Can Be Overcome by a Justificatory Liberalism.Gerald F. Gaus - 1999 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 42 (2):259 – 284.
    Under free institutions the exercise of human reason leads to a plurality of reasonable, yet irreconcilable doctrines. Rawls's political liberalism is intended as a response to this fundamental feature of modern democratic life. Justifying coercive political power by appeal to any one (or sample) of these doctrines is, Rawls believes, oppressive and illiberal. If we are to achieve unity without oppression, he tells us, we must all affirm a public political conception that is supported by these diverse reasonable doctrines. The (...)
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  15. Backwards Into the Future: Neorepublicanism as a Postsocialist Critique of Market Society.Gerald F. Gaus - 2003 - Social Philosophy and Policy 20 (1):59-91.
    A. Two conceptions of moral legitimacy Socialism, understood as the rejection of markets based on private property in favor of comprehensive centralized economic planning, is no longer a serious political option. If the core of capitalism is the organization of the economy primarily through market competition based on private property, then capitalism has certainly defeated socialism. Markets have been accepted—and central planning abandoned—throughout most of the “third world” and the formerly Communist states. In the advanced industrial states of the West, (...)
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  16.  78
    Are Property Rights Problematic?Gerald F. Gaus & Loren E. Lomasky - 1990 - The Monist 73 (4):483-503.
  17. The Rational, the Reasonable and Justification.Gerald F. Gaus - 1995 - Journal of Political Philosophy 3 (3):234–258.
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  18.  67
    What is Deontology? Part One: Orthodox Views. [REVIEW]Gerald F. Gaus - 2001 - Journal of Value Inquiry 35 (1):27-42.
  19.  55
    What is Deontology? Part Two: Reasons to Act. [REVIEW]Gerald F. Gaus - 2001 - Journal of Value Inquiry 35 (2):179-193.
  20. The Demands of Impartiality and the Evolution of Morality.Gerald F. Gaus - 2010 - In Brian Feltham & John Cottingham (eds.), Partiality and Impartiality: Morality, Special Relationships, and the Wider World. Oxford University Press.
     
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  21. The (Severe) Limits of Deliberative Democracy as the Basis for Political Choice.Gerald F. Gaus - 2008 - Theoria: A Journal of Social and Political Theory 55 (117):26-53.
    This essay analyses optimal voting rules for one form of deliberative democracy. Drawing on public choice analysis, it is argued that the voting rule that best institutionalises deliberative democracy is a type of a supermajority rule. Deliberative democracy is also committed to the standard neutrality condition according to which if x votes are enough to select alternative A, x votes must be enough to select not-A. Taken together, these imply that deliberative democracy will often be indeterminate. This result shows that (...)
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  22.  3
    Human Morality.Gerald F. Gaus - 1992 - Philosophical Quarterly 43 (172):380-383.
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  23.  35
    The Common Mind: An Essay on Psychology, Society and Politics.Gerald F. Gaus - 1997 - Ethics 107 (4):752-754.
  24.  11
    A System of Rights.Gerald F. Gaus - 1996 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 56 (1):241-244.
    Rex Martin has written the most important analysis and justification of political authority and obligation since T. H. Green’s Lectures on the Principles of Political Obligation [hereafter LPO]. Indeed, defying a good deal of contemporary philosophical orthodoxy, Martin resurrects some fundamental claims of Green’s political philosophy.
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  25.  26
    The Rational and the Moral Order: The Social Roots of Reason and Morality.Gerald F. Gaus - 1995 - Ethics 106 (3):633-636.
  26.  40
    The Routledge Companion to Social and Political Philosophy.Gerald F. Gaus & Fred D'Agostino (eds.) - 2012 - Routledge.
    The Routledge Companion to Social and Political Philosophy is a comprehensive, definitive reference work, providing an up-to-date survey of the field, charting its history and key figures and movements, and addressing enduring questions as ...
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  27.  22
    Looking for the Best and Finding None Better: The Epistemic Case for Democracy.Gerald F. Gaus - 1997 - Modern Schoolman 74 (4):277-284.
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  28. Principles, Goals and Symbols: Nozick on Practical Rationality.Gerald F. Gaus - 2002 - In David Schmidtz (ed.), Robert Nozick. Cambridge University Press. pp. 105--130.
     
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  29.  1
    Morality and Moral Theory: A Reappraisal and Reaffirmation.Gerald F. Gaus & Robert B. Louden - 1994 - Philosophical Review 103 (2):390.
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  30.  37
    Mill's Theory of Moral Rules.Gerald F. Gaus - 1980 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 58 (3):265 – 279.
    David lyons has recently argued that mill's ethics is an alternative to both act and rule utilitarianism. In the first part of this paper I argue that lyons makes mill out to be far too much of a rule utilitarian. The second part of the article then provides an account of mill's theory of moral rules based on an analysis of the four functions rules serve in his ethics. On this reading mill's theory is a hybrid of act and rule (...)
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  31.  29
    Practical Rationality and Commitment.S. I. Benn & G. F. Gaus - 1986 - American Philosophical Quarterly 23 (3):255 - 266.
  32.  22
    Book ReviewsAndrew Reeve,, and Andrew Williams,, Eds. Real Libertarianism Assessed: Political Theory After Van Parijs.Houndsmill, Basingstoke: Pelgrave, 2003. Pp. X+223. $68.00. [REVIEW]Gerald F. Gaus - 2004 - Ethics 114 (4):830-836.
  33.  16
    Once More Unto the Breach, My Dear Friends, Once More.Gerald F. Gaus - 2003 - Philosophical Studies 116 (2):159-170.
  34.  64
    Handbook of Political Theory.Gerald F. Gaus & Chandran Kukathas (eds.) - 2004 - Sage Publications.
    `This volume combines remarkable coverage and distinguished contributors. The inclusion of thematic, conceptual, and historical chapters will make it a valuable resource for scholars as well as students' - Professor George Klosko, Department of Politics, University of Virginia This major new Handbook provides a definitive state-of-the-art review to political theory, past and present. It offers a complete guide to all the main areas and fields of political and philosophical inquiry today by the world's leading theorists. The Handbook is divided into (...)
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  35. Hillel Steiner: An Essay on Rights.Gerald F. Gaus - 1996 - Journal of Philosophy 93 (4):203-207.
  36.  86
    Truth, Politics, Morality: Pragmatism and Deliberation. Cheryl Misak.Gerald F. Gaus - 2001 - Mind 110 (439):796-799.
  37.  17
    Public Reason.Fred D'Agostino & Gerald F. Gaus (eds.) - 1998 - Ashgate.
  38.  24
    The Convergence of Rights and Utility: The Case of Rawls and Mill.Gerald F. Gaus - 1981 - Ethics 92 (1):57-72.
  39.  49
    Louis Kaplow and Steven Shavell, Fairness Versus Welfare (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2002), Pp. XXII + 544.Gerald F. Gaus - 2005 - Utilitas 17 (2):233-236.
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  40.  37
    Desmond King, In the Name of Liberalism: Illiberal Social Policy in the United States and Britain, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1999, Pp. Xiii + 340.Gerald F. Gaus - 2001 - Utilitas 13 (3):371.
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  41.  21
    Dimensions of Equality Dennis McKerlie 263 Imagining Interest Stephen G. Engelmann 289 the Self-Other Asymmetry and Act-Utilitarianism. [REVIEW]Brad Hooker, Joseph Hamburger, Henry Sidgwick, Jonathan Riley, D. Weinstein, Margaret Olivia Little, Desmond King, F. Gaus, J. J. Kupperman & Dale Jamieson - 2001 - Utilitas 13 (3).
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  42.  33
    Reasonable Utility Functions and Playing the Cooperative Way.Gerald F. Gaus - 2008 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 11 (2):215-234.
    In this essay I dispute the widely held view that utility theory and decision theory are formalizations of instrumental rationality. I show that the decision theoretic framework has no deep problems accommodating the ?reasonable? qua a preference to engage in fair cooperation as such. All evaluative criteria relevant to choice can be built into a von Neumann?Morgenstern utility function. I focus on the claim that, while rational choice?driven agents are caught in the Pareto?inferior outcome, reasonable agents could ?solve? the PD (...)
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  43.  14
    An Essay on Rights by Hillel Steiner. [REVIEW]Gerald F. Gaus - 1996 - Journal of Philosophy 93 (4):203-207.
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  44.  26
    Review Essay/Taking Drugs and Rights Seriously.Gerald F. Gaus - 1995 - Criminal Justice Ethics 14 (1):63-72.
    Douglas N. Husak, Drugs and Rights. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992, vii + 312 pp.
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  45.  7
    Are Property Rights Problematic?Gerald F. Gaus & Loren E. Lomasky - 1990 - The Monist 73 (4):483-503.
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  46.  21
    Review Essay / A Libertarian Alternative to Liberal Justice.Gerald F. Gaus - 2000 - Criminal Justice Ethics 19 (2):32-43.
    Randy E. Burnett, The Structure of Liberty Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1998, xi + 347pp.
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  47.  17
    Review of Christopher McMahon, Collective Rationality and Collective Reasoning[REVIEW]Gerald F. Gaus - 2002 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2002 (6).
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  48.  5
    Sentiments, Evaluations, and Claims.Gerald F. Gaus - 1994 - Criminal Justice Ethics 13 (2):7-15.
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  49. Introduction.Fred D’Agostino & Gerald F. Gaus - forthcoming - Public Reason.
     
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  50.  35
    Essays on Philosophy, Politics & Economics: Integration & Common Research Projects.Christi Favor, Gerald F. Gaus & Julian Lamont (eds.) - 2010 - Stanford Economics and Finance.
    "Essays on Philosophy, Politics, & Economics" offers a critical examination of economic, philosophical, and political notions, with an eye towards working ...
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