Results for 'F. Wassenaar'

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  1.  6
    De kwestie der lijkwade Van turijn.F. Wassenaar - 1953 - Bijdragen 14 (4):409-412.
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  2.  33
    Boekbesprekingen.J. Volckaert, A. Knockaert, J. De Fraine, H. van der Lee, J. Mulders, I. de la Potterie, F. De Raedemaeker, H. Suasso, O. Vercruysse, F. Wassenaar, P. Smulders, R. Leys, J. Van Torre, P. Grootens, M. Dykmans, P. Ploumen, P. Fransen, F. Malmberg, R. Lenaers, A. van Kol, J. Beyer, J. De Munter, A. Houben, J. Rupert, A. Poncelet, M. De Tollenaere, L. Vander Kerken, J. Kijm, P. van Doornik, R. Hostie, L. Steins Bisschop, R. Loyens, Th Geldrop, J. Kerkhofs & A. Delbaere - 1956 - Bijdragen 17 (3):308-348.
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  3.  11
    A developing country response to Lavery et al. "In global health research, is it legitimate to stop clinical trials early on account of their opportunity costs?".Douglas R. Wassenaar & Gita Ramjee - 2009 - BMC Medical Ethics 10 (1):16-.
    BackgroundA recent paper presents an argument and mechanism for the possible stopping of clinical trials early based on opportunity costs.DiscussionAlthough we agree that the costs and opportunity costs of clinical trials need to be reduced wherever possible, we raise concerns about the motivation and mechanism for stopping clinical trials early raised by Lavery et al.SummaryWe argue that there are already enough acceptable criteria and actors in the clinical trials arena to justify early stoppage of clinical trials, and argue that factors (...)
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  4.  68
    Mapping African ethical review committee activity onto capacity needs: The Marc initiative and hrweb's interactive database of recs in Africa.Carel Ijsselmuiden, Debbie Marais, Douglas Wassenaar & Boitumelo Mokgatla-Moipolai - 2012 - Developing World Bioethics 12 (2):74-86.
    Health research initiatives worldwide are growing in scope and complexity, particularly as they move into the developing world. Expanding health research activity in low- and middle-income countries has resulted in a commensurate rise in the need for sound ethical review structures and functions in the form of Research Ethics Committees (RECs). Yet these seem to be lagging behind as a result of the enormous challenges facing these countries, including poor resource availability and lack of capacity. There is thus an urgent (...)
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  5.  18
    What Makes Health Systems Research in Developing Countries Ethical? Application of the Emanuel Framework for Clinical Research to Health Systems Research.Doug Wassenaar & Abbas Rattani - 2016 - Developing World Bioethics 16 (3):133-139.
    The growing importance of health systems research has opened debate about appropriate ethical frameworks and guidelines for the ethical review and conduct of health systems research. In this article we consider a detailed proposal from Hyder et al. and consider it in relation to the conventional criteria for ethics review of clinical research outlined by Emanuel et al. and argue that the Emanuel criteria can be usefully applied to the review of health systems research to supplement the Hyder et al. (...)
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  6.  13
    Resource and needs of research ethics committees in Africa: preparations for HIV vaccine trials.C. Milford, D. Wassenaar & C. Slack - 2005 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 28 (2):1-9.
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  7.  31
    Ethical issues in medical research in the developing world: A report on a meeting organised by fondation mérieux.Christophe Perrey, Douglas Wassenaar, Shawn Gilchrist & Bernard Ivanoff - 2008 - Developing World Bioethics 9 (2):88-96.
    ABSTRACT This paper reports on a multidisciplinary meeting held to discuss ethical issues in medical research in the developing world. Many studies, including clinical trials, are conducted in developing countries with a high burden of disease. Conditions under which this research is conducted vary because of differences in culture, public health, political, legal and social contexts specific to these countries. Research practices, including standards of care for participants, may vary as a result. It is therefore not surprising that ethical issues (...)
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  8.  44
    A developing country response to Lavery et al. "In global health research, is it legitimate to stop clinical trials early on account of their opportunity costs?".Douglas R. Wassenaar & Gita Ramjee - 2009 - BMC Medical Ethics 10 (1):16.
    BackgroundA recent paper presents an argument and mechanism for the possible stopping of clinical trials early based on opportunity costs.DiscussionAlthough we agree that the costs and opportunity costs of clinical trials need to be reduced wherever possible, we raise concerns about the motivation and mechanism for stopping clinical trials early raised by Lavery et al.SummaryWe argue that there are already enough acceptable criteria and actors in the clinical trials arena to justify early stoppage of clinical trials, and argue that factors (...)
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  9. I. Self-organizing endo-matter, the interactive interface and the origin of consciousness.H. Wassenaar, W. Van Roon & C. Ten Hallers - 1995 - Communication and Cognition: An Interdisciplinary Quarterly Journal 28:187-218.
     
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  10. Self-organizing endo-matter, the interactive interface and psychotherapy. II: the causation of psychopathology through the fusion of short-and long-looping behaviour.H. Wassenaar - 1995 - Communication and Cognition. Monographies 28 (2-3):219-243.
     
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  11. Self-organizing endo-matter, the interactive interface and the origin of consciousness. I: the principle of recurrent causality, short-and long-looping behaviour and psycho-organic phenomena.H. Wassenaar, W. van Roon & C. ten Hallers - 1995 - Communication and Cognition. Monographies 28 (2-3):127-217.
     
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  12. Self-organizing endo-matter, the interactive interface and communication. III: the recurrent organization of the human system leads to involvement and commitment in 4 basic types of relation.H. Wassenaar & J. Schut - 1995 - Communication and Cognition. Monographies 28 (2-3):245-273.
     
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  13.  26
    Defining and Negotiating the Social Value of Research in Public Health Facilities: Perceptions of Stakeholders in a Research‐Active Province of South Africa.Elizabeth Lutge, Catherine Slack & Douglas Wassenaar - 2017 - Bioethics 31 (2):128-135.
    This article reports on qualitative research conducted in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, among researchers and gate-keepers of health facilities in the province. Results suggest disparate but not irreconcilable perceptions of the social value of research in provincial health facilities. This study found that researchers tended to emphasize the contribution of research to the generation of knowledge and to the health of future patients while gate-keepers of health facilities tended to emphasize its contribution to the healthcare system and to current patients. Furthermore, (...)
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  14.  10
    The Effect of Relationships on Decision-Making Processes of Women in Harare, Zimbabwe.Nicole Mamotte, Douglas Richard Wassenaar & Aceme Nyika - 2009 - Ethics and Behavior 19 (3):184-200.
    A preliminary study aimed at investigating the potential impact of relationships on decision-making process and autonomy of women was conducted in Harare, Zimbabwe. The majority of women surveyed (87.6%) were prepared to consult their husbands, whereas only 46.6% said they would consult their relatives prior to participation in health research. Only 6.2% and 11.3% were prepared to keep their participation secret from their husbands their relatives, respectively. Overall, 58.6% were rated as autonomous, 22.5% partially autonomous, and 18.9% were rated as (...)
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  15.  8
    Standard of care for social harms in HIV prevention trials: A South African perspective.Takshita Sookan, Ganzamungu Zihindula & Douglas Wassenaar - 2020 - Developing World Bioethics 20 (4):194-199.
    BackgroundThe prevention of HIV remains an ongoing global concern. The safety and welfare of participants in these trials are imperative. Research Ethics Committees (RECs) review all reports of serious adverse events, adverse events and social harms arising in the course of such trials. There is little guidance for RECs on how to respond appropriately to social harm reports.MethodologyThis paper reviews the literature on social harms in HIV prevention trials and offers suggestions for RECs on how to respond appropriately to such (...)
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  16.  5
    Views of South African biomedical research ethics committee members on their own ethics review outcomes.B. Silaigwana & D. Wassenaar - 2019 - South African Journal of Bioethics and Law 12 (1):8.
  17. Perceived capacity of selected African research ethics committees to review HIV vaccine trial protocols.C. Milford, D. R. Wassenaar & C. M. Slack - 2006 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 28 (2):1-9.
  18. The Global Forum for Bioethics in Research: Past present and future.Katherine Littler, Joseph Millum & Douglas Richard Wassenaar - 2014 - South African Journal of Bioethics and Law 7 (1):5.
    The Global Forum on Bioethics in Research (GFBR) served as a global platform for debate on ethical issues in international health research between 1999 and 2008, bringing together research ethics experts, researchers, policy makers and community members from developing and developed countries. In total, nine GFBR meetings were held on six continents. Work is currently underway to revive the GFBR. This paper describes the purpose and history of the GFBR and presents key elements for its reinstatement, future functioning and sustainability. (...)
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  19.  7
    Contextualising the role of the gatekeeper in social science research.Shenuka Singh & Douglas Wassenaar - 2016 - South African Journal of Bioethics and Law 9 (1):42-42.
    Accessing research participants within some social institutions for research purposes may involve a simple single administrative event. However, accessing some institutions to conduct research on their data, personnel, clients or service users can be quite complex. Research ethics committee chairpersons frequently field questions from researchers wanting to know when and why gatekeeper permission should be sought. This article examines the role and influence of gatekeepers in formal and organisational settings and explores pragmatic methods to improve understanding and facilitation of this (...)
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  20.  13
    Mapping research ethics committees in Africa: Evidence of the growth of ethics review of health research in Africa.Boitumelo Mokgatla, Carel IJsselmuiden, Doug Wassenaar & Mary Kasule - 2017 - Developing World Bioethics 18 (4):341-348.
    Health research initiatives worldwide are growing in scope and complexity, particularly as they move into the developing world. Expanding health research activity in low- and middle-income countries has resulted in a commensurate rise in the need for sound ethical review structures and functions in the form of Research Ethics Committees. The urgent need for continued capacity development in Africa has necessitated research initiatives to identify existing capacity. This discussion paper describes the mapping of RECs in Africa through MARC project, second (...)
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  21.  7
    Ethical issues associated with HIV molecular epidemiology: a qualitative exploratory study using inductive analytic approaches.Farirai Mutenherwa, Douglas R. Wassenaar & Tulio de Oliveira - 2019 - BMC Medical Ethics 20 (1):1-11.
    BackgroundHIV molecular epidemiology is increasingly recognized as a vital source of information for understanding HIV transmission dynamics. Despite extensive use of these data-intensive techniques in both research and public health settings, the ethical issues associated with this science have received minimal attention. As the discipline evolves, there is reasonable concern that existing ethical and legal frameworks and standards might lag behind the rapid methodological developments in this field. This is a follow-up on our earlier work that applied a predetermined analytical (...)
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  22.  8
    Adding a Voice to the Unique Ethical Considerations in Molecular HIV Surveillance.Farirai Mutenherwa, Douglas Wassenaar & Tulio de Oliveira - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (10):34-36.
    Volume 20, Issue 10, October 2020, Page 34-36.
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  23.  79
    Improving understanding of clinical trial procedures among low literacy populations: an intervention within a microbicide trial in Malawi. [REVIEW]Paul M. Ndebele, Douglas Wassenaar, Esther Munalula & Francis Masiye - 2012 - BMC Medical Ethics 13 (1):29-.
    Background The intervention reported in this paper was a follow up to an empirical study conducted in Malawi with the aim of assessing trial participants’ understanding of randomisation, double-blinding and placebo use. In the empirical study, the majority of respondents (61.1%; n= 124) obtained low scores (lower than 75%) on understanding of all three concepts under study. Based on these findings, an intervention based on a narrative which included all three concepts and their personal implications was designed. The narrative used (...)
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  24.  29
    F. P. Ramsey: Philosophical Papers.F. P. Ramsey - 1990 - Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Edited by D. H. Mellor.
    A compilation of all previously published writings on philosophy and the foundations of mathematics from the greatest of the generation of Cambridge scholars that included G.E. Moore, Bertrand Russell, Ludwig Wittgenstein and Maynard Keynes.
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  25.  12
    Ethical issues associated with HIV phylogenetics in HIV transmission dynamics research: A review of the literature using the Emanuel Framework. [REVIEW]Farirai Mutenherwa, Douglas R. Wassenaar & Tulio de Oliveira - 2018 - Developing World Bioethics 19 (1):25-35.
    The reduced costs of DNA sequencing and the use of such data for HIV‐1 clinical management and phylogenetic analysis have led to a massive increase of HIV‐1 sequences in the last few years. Phylogenetic analysis has shed light on the origin, spread and characteristics of HIV‐1 epidemics and outbreaks. Phylogenetic analysis is now also being used to advance our knowledge of the drivers of HIV‐1 transmission in order to design effective interventions. However, HIV phylogenetic analysis presents unique ethical challenges, which (...)
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  26.  51
    Payments and Direct Benefits in HIV/AIDS Related Research Projects in Uganda.Julius Ecuru, Douglas Wassenaar & Betty Kwagala - 2010 - Ethics and Behavior 20 (2):95-109.
    Paying research participants in developing countries like Uganda raises ethical concerns over potential for undue inducement. This article, based on an exploratory study, reviewed 49 research protocols from a national HIV/AIDS research ethics committee database. Payments mainly adhered to the reimbursement and compensation payment models. Offers made were diverse but basic in order to limit undue inducement. Implications in terms of undue inducement and possible impact on participants and research are discussed. We end by recommending standardization across comparable studies in (...)
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  27.  66
    Synchronicity: the bridge between matter and mind.F. David Peat - 1987 - New York: Bantam Books.
    With fascinating historical anecdotes and incisive scientific analysis, this important work combines ancient thought with modern theory to reveal a new way of viewing our universe that can expand our awareness, our lives, and may well point the way to a new science for the twenty-first century.
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  28.  45
    Promoting Research Integrity in Africa: An African Voice of Concern on Research Misconduct and the Way Forward.Francis Kombe, Eucharia Nkechinyere Anunobi, Nyanyukweni Pandeni Tshifugula, Douglas Wassenaar, Dimpho Njadingwe, Salim Mwalukore, Jonathan Chinyama, Bodo Randrianasolo, Perpetua Akindeh, Priscilla S. Dlamini, Felasoa Noroseheno Ramiandrisoa & Naina Ranaivo - 2013 - Developing World Bioethics 14 (3):158-166.
    African researchers and their collaborators have been making significant contributions to useful research findings and discoveries in Africa. Despite evidence of scientific misconduct even in heavily regulated research environments, there is little documented information that supports prevalence of research misconduct in Africa. Available literature on research misconduct has focused on the developed world, where credible research integrity systems are already in place. Public attention to research misconduct has lately increased, calling for attention to weaknesses in current research policies and regulatory (...)
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  29.  59
    Convergent ethical issues in HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria vaccine trials in Africa: Report from the WHO/UNAIDS African AIDS Vaccine Programme's Ethics, Law and Human Rights Collaborating Centre consultation, 10-11 February 2009, Durban, South Africa. [REVIEW]Nicole Mamotte, Douglas Wassenaar, Jennifer Koen & Zaynab Essack - 2010 - BMC Medical Ethics 11 (1):3-.
    BackgroundAfrica continues to bear a disproportionate share of the global HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis (TB) and malaria burden. The development and distribution of safe, effective and affordable vaccines is critical to reduce these epidemics. However, conducting HIV/AIDS, TB, and/or malaria vaccine trials simultaneously in developing countries, or in populations affected by all three diseases, is likely to result in numerous ethical challenges.MethodsIn order to explore convergent ethical issues in HIV/AIDS, TB and malaria vaccine trials in Africa, the Ethics, Law and Human Rights (...)
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  30.  4
    Research Ethics Capacity Building in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Review of NIH Fogarty-Funded Programs 2000–2012. [REVIEW]Douglas Wassenaar Paul Ndebele - 2014 - Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics: An International Journal 9 (2):24-40.
  31.  64
    W. F. Ryan, C. B. Schmitt (edd.): Pseudo-Aristotle, The Secret of Secrets. Sources and Influences. (Warburg Institute Surveys, 9.) Pp. vi+148. London: The Warburg Institute, 1983 (1982 on title page). Paper, £18. [REVIEW]F. W. Zimmermann - 1984 - The Classical Review 34 (01):139-.
  32.  29
    W. F. Ryan, C. B. Schmitt : Pseudo-Aristotle, The Secret of Secrets. Sources and Influences. Pp. vi+148. London: The Warburg Institute, 1983 . Paper, £18. [REVIEW]F. W. Zimmermann - 1984 - The Classical Review 34 (1):139-139.
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  33. F. e l'etica kantiana.F. Andolfi - 1982 - Idee 12:73-91.
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  34. Essays on Animalism.Stephan Blatti Paul F. Snowdon (ed.) - forthcoming - Oxford University Press.
     
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  35.  28
    F. Raniolo, I partiti politici.F. Lanchester - 2013 - Polis: Research and studies on Italian society and politics 27 (2):315-320.
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  36.  7
    Hegel's Philosophy of Mind: Being Part Three of the Encyclopaedia of the Philosophical Sciences.G. W. F. Hegel - 1970 - Oxford,: Oxford University Press UK. Edited by William Wallace, Arnold V. Miller & Ludwig Boumann.
    G. W. F. Hegel is an immensely important yet difficult philosopher. Philosophy of Mind is the third part of Hegel's Encyclopaedia of the Philosophical Sciences, in which he summarizes his philosophical system. It is one of the main pillars of his thought. Michael Inwood presents this central work to the modern reader in an intelligible and accurate new translation---the first into English since 1894---that loses nothing of the style of Hegel's thought. In his editorial introduction Inwood offers a philosophically sophisticated (...)
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  37.  2
    The Principles of Logic 2 Volume Set.F. H. Bradley - 2011 - Cambridge University Press.
    F. H. Bradley was the foremost philosopher of the British Idealist school, which came to prominence in the second half of the nineteenth century and remained influential into the first half of the twentieth. Bradley, who was educated at Oxford, and spent his life as a fellow of Merton College, was influenced by Hegel, and also reacted against utilitarianism. He was recognised during his lifetime as one of the greatest intellectuals of his generation and was the first philosopher to receive (...)
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  38.  3
    The Principles of Logic: Volume 1.F. H. Bradley - 2011 - Cambridge University Press.
    F. H. Bradley was the foremost philosopher of the British Idealist school, which came to prominence in the second half of the nineteenth century and remained influential into the first half of the twentieth. Bradley, who was influenced by Hegel and also reacted against utilitarianism, was recognised during his lifetime as one of the greatest intellectuals of his generation, and was the first philosopher to receive the Order of Merit, in 1924. In this major work, originally published in 1883, Bradley (...)
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  39.  5
    The Concepts of Illness, Disease and Morbus.F. Kraupl Taylor - 2009 - Cambridge University Press.
    Dr Taylor's book analyses the disease concept as it developed in medical history and seeks to clarify it with the help of concepts largely derived from logical class theories. A solution is proposed to the problem of how to distinguish between the class of 'patients' and the class of 'healthy persons' which corresponds to the actual diagnostic practices of doctors. The earliest theories of disease postulated concrete entities which exist independently of the body. The notion of disease entity has lost (...)
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  40.  19
    Are Patients Aware of Their Rights? A Turkish study.F. Zulfikar & M. F. Ulusoy - 2001 - Nursing Ethics 8 (6):487-498.
    The ability to differentiate between what is just and what is unjust may be considered as the precondition to demand one's own rights. Starting from this point, this research was carried out to describe the level of awareness of patients concerning their rights. The main hypothesis was: the higher the socioeconomic and cultural level of patients, the higher is their awareness of their rights. This research was conducted in one of the state hospitals in Turkey in 1998. It is a (...)
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  41.  4
    The Concept of Sin.F. R. Tennant - 2012 - Cambridge University Press.
    First published in 1912, this book by F. R. Tennant was intended to redress the vague and inconsistent conceptions of sin that were popularly held at the beginning of the twentieth century. Tennant maintained that for any ongoing debate to remain meaningful, it was imperative that definitions of key terms should keep pace with discussion. Therefore his study aimed at providing a clear, logical definition of what sin in Christian doctrine represented, whilst also bringing to bear the importance of ethics (...)
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  42. Recensione di F. FRONTEROTTA-W. LESZL, Eidos-Idea. Platone, Aristotele e la tradizione platonica.F. Aronadio - 2006 - Giornale Critico Della Filosofia Italiana 85 (2):362-366.
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  43.  6
    F. Thiriet, Délibérations des Assemblées Vénitiennes concernant la Romanie.F. Krekić - 1967 - Byzantinische Zeitschrift 60 (2):325-327.
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  44. F. Bon, Ueber das Sollen und das Gute.F. Krueger - 1899 - Kant Studien 3:461.
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  45. F. Nietzsche, critique de la culture occidentale.F. Guibal - 1992 - Revue D'Histoire Et de Philosophie Religieuses 72 (3):289-310.
     
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  46.  38
    T. F. Higham and C. M. Bowra: From the Greek. Pp. viii+246. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1943. Cloth, 4 s. net.F. R. Earp - 1944 - The Classical Review 58 (02):67-.
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  47.  17
    F. Dölger, Regesien der Kaiserurkunden des oströmischen Reiches, 3. Teil. 2. erweit.F. Thiriet - 1980 - Byzantinische Zeitschrift 73 (1).
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  48.  16
    F. Garelli, "Forza della religione e debolezza della fede".F. S. Cappello - 1997 - Polis 11 (1):120-121.
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  49.  28
    Kamm,f.M. And the mirror of time.F. Feldman - unknown
  50. Constitutive relevance & mutual manipulability revisited.Carl F. Craver, Stuart Glennan & Mark Povich - 2021 - Synthese 199 (3-4):8807-8828.
    An adequate understanding of the ubiquitous practice of mechanistic explanation requires an account of what Craver termed “constitutive relevance.” Entities or activities are constitutively relevant to a phenomenon when they are parts of the mechanism responsible for that phenomenon. Craver’s mutual manipulability account extended Woodward’s account of manipulationist counterfactuals to analyze how interlevel experiments establish constitutive relevance. Critics of MM argue that applying Woodward’s account to this philosophical problem conflates causation and constitution, thus rendering the account incoherent. These criticisms, we (...)
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