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Friedel Weinert [61]F. Weinert [7]Franz E. Weinert [2]
  1.  5
    Copernicus, Darwin, & Freud: Revolutions in the History and Philosophy of Science.Friedel Weinert - 2008 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    Note: Sections at a more advanced level are indicated by ∞. Preface ix Acknowledgments x Introduction 1 I Nicolaus Copernicus: The Loss of Centrality 3 1 Ptolemy and Copernicus 3 2 A Clash of Two Worldviews 4 2.1 The geocentric worldview 5 2.2 Aristotle’s cosmology 5 2.3 Ptolemy’s geocentrism 9 2.4 A philosophical aside: Outlook 14 2.5 Shaking the presuppositions: Some medieval developments 17 3 The Heliocentric Worldview 20 3.1 Nicolaus Copernicus 21 3.2 The explanation of the seasons 25 3.3 (...)
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  2.  37
    Laws of Nature: Essays on the Philosophical, Scientific and Historical Dimensions.Friedel Weinert (ed.) - 1995 - De Gruyter.
  3.  21
    Compendium of Quantum Physics: Concepts, Experiments, History and Philosophy.Daniel Greenberger, Klaus Hentschel & Friedel Weinert (eds.) - 2009 - Springer.
    Concepts, Experiments, History and Philosophy Daniel Greenberger, Klaus Hentschel, Friedel Weinert. 5. W. Hittorf, Ueber die Elektricit ̈atsleitung der Gase , Annalen der Physik 136, 1–31, 197–234 (1869); Engl. transl. On the Conduction of ...
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  4.  1
    The Scientist as Philosopher: Philosophical Consequences of Great Scientific Discoveries.Friedel Weinert - 2004 - Springer Verlag.
    How do major scientific discoveries reshape their originators’, and our own, sense of reality and concept of the physical world? The Scientist as Philosopher explores the interaction between physics and philosophy. Clearly written and well illustrated, the book first places the scientist-philosophers in the limelight as we learn how their great scientific discoveries forced them to reconsider the time-honored notions with which science had described the natural world. Then, the book explains that what we understand by nature and science have (...)
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  5.  50
    Theories, Models And Constraints.Friedel Weinert - 1999 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 30 (2):303-333.
  6. Einstein and Kant.Friedel Weinert - 2005 - Philosophy 80 (4):585-593.
    The paper aims to explain and illustrate why Einstein and Kant, relativity and transcendental idealism, came to be discussed in one breath after the Special theory of relativity had emerged in 1905. There are essentially three points of contact between the theory of relativity and Kant's objective idealism. The Special theory makes contact with Kantian views of time; the General theory requires a non-Kantian view of geometry; but both relativity theories endorse a quasi-Kantian view of the nature of scientific knowledge. (...)
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  7.  12
    The Scientist as Philosopher.Friedel Weinert - unknown
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  8.  10
    Relativistic Thermodynamics and the Passage of Time.Friedel Weinert - 2010 - Humana Mente 4 (13):175-191.
    The debate about the passage of time is usually confined to Minkowski‟s geometric interpretation of space-time. It infers the block universe from the notion of relative simultaneity. But there are alternative interpretations of space-time – so-called axiomatic approaches –, based on the existence of „optical facts‟, which have thermodynamic properties. It may therefore be interesting to approach the afore-mentioned debate from the point of view of relativistic thermodynamics, in which invariant parameters exist, which may serve to indicate the passage of (...)
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  9.  31
    The Construction of Atom Models: Eliminative Inductivism and its Relation to Falsificationism.Friedel Weinert - 2000 - Foundations of Science 5 (4):491-531.
    Falsificationism has dominated 20th century philosophy of science. It seemed to have eclipsed all forms of inductivism. Yet recent debates have revived a specific form of eliminative inductivism, the basic ideas of which go back to F. Bacon and J.S. Mill. These modern endorsements of eliminative inductivism claim to show that progressive problem solving is possible using induction, rather than falsification as a method of justification. But this common ground between falsificationism and eliminative inductivism has not led to a detailed (...)
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  10. Einstein and the Representation of Reality.Friedel Weinert - 2006 - Facta Philosophica 8 (1-2):229-252.
  11.  67
    Wrong Theory—Right Experiment: The Significance of the Stern-Gerlach Experiments.Friedel Weinert - 1995 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 26 (1):75-86.
  12. Vicissitudes of Laboratory Life.Friedel Weinert - 1992 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 43 (3):423-429.
  13.  13
    Einstein and the Laws of Physics.Friedel Weinert - 2007 - Physics and Philosophy.
    The purpose of this paper is to highlight the importance of constraints in the theory of relativity and, in particular, what philosophical work they do for Einstein's views on the laws of physics. Einstein presents a view of local ``structure laws'' which he characterizes as the most appropriate form of physical laws. Einstein was committed to a view of science, which presents a synthesis between rational and empirical elements as its hallmark. If scientific constructs are free inventions of the human (...)
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  14.  51
    The Duhem‐Quine Thesis Revisited.F. Weinert - 1995 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 9 (2):147 – 156.
    Abstract The Duhem?Quine thesis is generally presented as the radical underdetermi? nation of a theory by experimental evidence. But there is a much?neglected second aspect, i.e. the coherence or interrelatedness of the conceptual components of a theory. Although both Duhem and Quine recognised this aspect, they failed to see its consequences: it militates against the idea of radical underdetermination. Because scientific theories are coherent conceptual systems, empirical evidence penetrates, as it were, the periphery and allows the localisation of central, not (...)
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  15. Minkowski Space-Time and Thermodynamics.Friedel Weinert - unknown
    The purpose of this paper is twofold: a) to explore the compatibility of Minkowski’s space-time representation of the Special theory of relativity with a dynamic conception of space-time; b) to locate its roots in invariant features - like entropic relations - of the propagation of signals in space-time. From its very beginning Minkowski’s four-dimensional space-time was associated with a static view of reality, e.g. a block universe. Einstein added his influential voice to this conception when he wrote: ‘From a “happening” (...)
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  16.  18
    Wrong Theory—Right Experiment: The Significance of the Stern-Gerlach Experiments.Friedel Weinert - 1995 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 26 (1):75-86.
  17. Laws of Nature: A Structural Approach.F. Weinert - 1993 - Philosophia Naturalis 30 (2):147-171.
     
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  18.  66
    Relationism and Relativity.Friedel Weinert - 2000 - Philosophy of Science 51:561-585.
    The line of argument pursued in this paper is to proceed from Einstein’s fundamental problem situation to a consideration of scientific representation with respect to the Special theory of relativity (STR). Einstein’s fundamental problem situation, which is Kantian in spirit, is how the conceptual freedom of the scientist is compatible with the need for an objective representation of an independently given material world. To solve this philosophical issue Einstein employs a number of constraints, which are central to the STR. The (...)
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  19.  44
    Contra Res Sempiternas.Friedel Weinert - 1984 - The Monist 67 (3):376-394.
    Whether it is preferable to live in X and work in Y or to work in X and live in Y is surely a relative question—relative to a number of practical circumstances and dependent on the person who has to make the choice. But this does not make the situation an illustration of relativism. Similarly, for my neighbour to suspect that abstract terms such as ‘Nation’, ‘Love’ and ‘Freedom’ are only words reveals at best a penchant to nominalism in his (...)
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  20.  30
    The Role of Probability Arguments in the History of Science.Friedel Weinert - 2010 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 41 (1):95-104.
    The paper examines Wesley Salmon’s claim that the primary role of plausibility arguments in the history of science is to impose constraints on the prior probability of hypotheses. A detailed look at Copernicanism and Darwinism and, more briefly, Rutherford’s discovery of the atomic nucleus reveals a further and arguably more important role of plausibility arguments. It resides in the consideration of likelihoods, which state how likely a given hypothesis makes a given piece of evidence. In each case the likelihoods raise (...)
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  21.  39
    Die Arbeit der Geschichte: Ein Vergleich der Analysemodelle von Kuhn und Foucault.Friedel Weinert - 1982 - Zeitschrift Für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 13 (2):336-358.
    The need to rethink the history of ideas has led both Kuhn and Foucault to break away from the prevalent conception of knowledge as one of continuous growth, of accretion. It is surprising how little attention philosophers and historians of science have paid to Foucault's work, and how, consequently, the convergence between his and the Kuhnian approach has gone completely unnoticed. To see the parallels, however, and to relate their works, promises to give rise to a synthesis that might present (...)
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  22.  49
    EPR and the 'Passage' of Time.Friedel Weinert - 2013 - Philosophia Naturalis 50 (2):173-199.
    The essay revisits the puzzle of the ‘passage’ of time in relation to EPR-type measurements and asks what philosophical consequences can be drawn from them. Some argue that the lack of invariance of temporal order in the measurement of a space-like related EPR pair, under relativistic motion, casts serious doubts on the ‘reality’ of the lapse of time. Others argue thatcertain features of quantum mechanics establisha tensed theory of time – understood here as Possibilism or the growing block universe. The (...)
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  23.  78
    Invariance, Symmetries and Structural Realism.Friedel Weinert - unknown
    The paper discusses the invariance view of reality: a view inspired by the relativity and quantum theory. It is an attempt to show that both versions of Structural Realism (epistemological and ontological) are already embedded in the invariance view but in each case the invariance view introduces important modifications. From the invariance view we naturally arrive at a consideration of symmetries and structures. It is often claimed that there is a strong connection between invariance and reality, established by symmetries. The (...)
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  24.  77
    Introducing Events, Successful Reference and Reference-Fixing.Friedel Weinert - 1991 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 22 (1):155-167.
    Summary One of the central questions concerning theories of reference has been the problem of how the reference of scientific terms gets fixed. Descriptive causal theories of reference, as discussed in this paper, have re-introduced the role of theoretical beliefs and conceptualisations in term introductions and reference-fixing. The present paper argues that the idea of reference-fixing as a dot-like event (baptism) is wrong: a number of episodes from the history of science are discussed to support the claim that reference-fixing is (...)
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  25.  38
    The Past-Future Asymmetry.Friedel Weinert - unknown
    As the past-future asymmetry – that fact that we have records of the past but not the future – is still a puzzle the aim of this paper is twofold: a) to explain the asymmetry and its status in philosophy and physics and to critically review the proposed solutions to this puzzle; b) to advance a dynamic solution to the puzzle in terms of the ‘universality’ of the entropy relation in statistical mechanics.
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  26.  34
    Evolution 2.0: Implications of Darwinism in Philosophy and the Social and Natural Sciences.Martin Brinkworth & Friedel Weinert (eds.) - 2011 - Springer.
    These essays by leading philosophers and scientists focus on recent ideas at the forefront of modern Darwinism, showcasing and exploring the challenges they raise as well as open problems.
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  27. Darwinian Inferences.Robert Nola & Friedel Weinert - 2012 - In Martin H. Brinkworth & Friedel Weinert (eds.), Evolution 2.0: Implications of Darwinism in Philosophy and the Social and Natural Sciences. Springer.
     
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  28. No Title Available: Review.Friedel Weinert - 2013 - Philosophy 88 (2):321-325.
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  29. Nominalismus und Gesellschaft.Friedel Weinert - 1986 - Zeitschrift Für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 17 (2):322-345.
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  30. Traditionen, Diskurse, Argumente: Ein Beitrag Zur Geschichte Und Struktur Philosophischer Argumentationen Über Sprache, Erkenntnis Und Wissenschaft Und Ihr Systematischer Zusammenhang.Friedel Weinert - 1985 - Peter Lang Gmbh, Internationaler Verlag der Wissenschaften.
    Die Arbeit untersucht die argumentative Entwicklung der philosophischen Auffassungen zur Analytizität und Notwendigkeit, zum Universalienproblem und zur Frage, was empirisches Wissen darstellt. Die Zeitspanne der Untersuchung erstreckt sich vom 17. Jahrhundert bis zu den Diskussionen der letzten Jahre. Das Augenmerk liegt auf der Struktur und Schichtung der Argumentations- stränge: die Beiträge zur Analytizität, Notwendigkeit und zur Universalienfrage rekurrieren auf epistemologische Modelle, die durch historisch veränderbare Definitionen des empirischen Wissens bereitgestellt werden.
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  31. Ways of Critizising Metaphysics: Kant and Wittgenstein.F. Weinert - 1983 - Société Française de Philosophie, Bulletin 74 (4):412.
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  32. A Conditional View of Causality.Friedel Weinert - 2007 - In Federica Russo & Jon Williamson (eds.), Causality and Probability in the Sciences. pp. 5--415.
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  33.  61
    Physical Relativity—Space-Time Structure From a Dynamical Perspective by Harvey Brown Perspecture Oxford University Press, 2005.Friedel Weinert - 2007 - Philosophy 82 (3):498-503.
  34. Competencies and Key Competencies: Educational Perspective.Franz E. Weinert - 2001 - In N. J. Smelser & B. Baltes (eds.), International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences. pp. 4--2433.
     
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  35. Feyerabend–Philosophy, Science and Society. [REVIEW]Friedel Weinert - 1998 - Philosophy 73 (4):629-645.
     
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  36.  26
    Weber's Ideal Types as Models in the Social Sciences.Friedel Weinert - 1996 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 41:73-93.
    There has recently been a great interest in models in the natural sciences. Models are used mainly for their representational functions: they help to concretize certain relationships between parameters in studying physical systems. For instance, we might be interested in representing how the planets orbit around the sun—a scale model of the solar system is an ideal tool for achieving this end. We are free to leave out one or two planets or ignore the moons which many of the planets (...)
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  37.  23
    Temporal Arrows in Space-Time.Friedel Weinert - unknown
    The prevailing current of thought in both physics and philosophy is that relativistic space-time provides no means for the objective measurement of the passage of time. Kurt Gödel, for instance, denied the possibility of an objective lapse of time, both in the Special and the General theory of relativity. From this failure many writers have inferred that a static block universe is the only acceptable conceptual consequence of a four-dimensional world. The aim of this paper is to investigate how arrows (...)
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  38.  15
    The Modern Synthesis: Einstein and Kant.Friedel Weinert - 2009 - Forum Philosophicum: International Journal for Philosophy 14 (2):193-216.
    The paper discusses the Kantian legacy in modern views about scientific theories. The aim of this paper is to show how Einstein's philosophy of science, which was inspired by his physics, offers a specialized version of the Kantian synthesis of Empiricism and Rationalism. In modern physical theories Kant's a priori conditions become 'constraints', as shown in Einstein's use of principle theories. Einstein's use of principle theories shows how constraints are used to steer the mapping of the rational onto the empirical (...)
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  39.  9
    Emergent Minds.Friedel Weinert - 2009 - Teorema: International Journal of Philosophy 28 (2):189-200.
  40.  26
    Lines of Descent: Kuhn and Beyond.Friedel Weinert - 2014 - Foundations of Science 19 (4):331-352.
    Thomas S. Kuhn is famous both for his work on the Copernican Revolution and his ‘paradigm’ view of scientific revolutions. But Kuhn later abandoned the notion of paradigm in favour of a more ‘evolutionary’ view of the history of science. Kuhn’s position therefore moved closer to ‘continuity’ models of scientific progress, for instance ‘chain-of-reasoning’ models, originally championed by D. Shapere. The purpose of this paper is to contribute to the debate around Kuhn’s new ‘developmental’ view and to evaluate these competing (...)
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  41.  10
    The Last Mystery Standing.Friedel Weinert - 2019 - The Philosophers' Magazine 84:35-40.
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  42.  12
    Hypothetical, Not Fictional Worlds.Friedel Weinert - 2016 - Kairos 17 (1):110-136.
    This paper critically analyzes the fiction-view of scientific modeling, which exploits presumed analogies between literary fiction and model building in science. The basic idea is that in both fiction and scientific modeling fictional worlds are created. The paper argues that the fiction-view comes closest to certain scientific thought experiments, especially those involving demons in science and to literary movements like naturalism. But the paper concludes that the dissimilarities prevail over the similarities. The fiction-view fails to do justice to the plurality (...)
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  43.  27
    Invariances—the Structure of the Objective World by Robert Nozick. The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2001. ??22.95. [REVIEW]Friedel Weinert - 2005 - Philosophy 80 (1):145-151.
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  44.  14
    The Loss of Rational Design.Friedel Weinert - 2005 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 56:20-21.
    Charles Darwin published his Origin of Species on November 24, 1859. Whatever hurdle the theory of natural selection faced in its struggle for acceptance, its impact on human self-images was almost immediate. Well before Darwin had the chance of applying the principle of natural selection to human origins—in his Descent of Man —his contemporaries quickly and rashly drew the infer–ence to man’s descent from the ape. Satirical magazines like Punch delighted in depicting Darwin with his imposing head on an apish (...)
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  45.  3
    The Modern Synthesis: Einstein and Kant.Friedel Weinert - 2009 - Forum Philosophicum: International Journal for Philosophy 14 (2):193-216.
    The paper discusses the Kantian legacy in modern views about scientific theories. The aim of this paper is to show how Einstein's philosophy of science, which was inspired by his physics, offers a specialized version of the Kantian synthesis of Empiricism and Rationalism. In modern physical theories Kant's a priori conditions become “constraints,” as shown in Einstein's use of principle theories. Einstein's use of principle theories shows how constraints are used to steer the mapping of the rational onto the empirical (...)
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  46.  13
    No Title Available: Reviews.Friedel Weinert - 2007 - Philosophy 82 (3):498-503.
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  47.  17
    Ways of Criticizing Metaphysics: Kant and Wittgenstein.F. Weinert - 1983 - Kant Studien 74 (4):412-436.
  48.  13
    Habermas, Science and Modernity.Friedel Weinert - 1999 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 44:329-355.
    The work of Jürgen Habermas has been described as eclectic. It is also prolific. Fortunately for his readers the prolificacy and eclecticism of the author are mitigated by the recurrence of his themes. These concern the emergence and nature of modern occidental society, both from a sociological and philosophical perspective. On a more philosophical level, there is also a strong plea for a paradigm change. The philosophy of the consciousness made the lone subject, in search of knowledge, face the external (...)
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  49. Fundamental Physical Constants, Null Experiments and the Duhem-Quine Thesis.F. Weinert - 1998 - Philosophia Naturalis 35 (2):225-252.
     
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  50. Kontingente versus notwendige Wahrheiten und mögliche Welten bei Leibniz.Friedel Weinert - 1980 - Studia Leibnitiana 12:125.
    In his writings Leibniz employs both the notions of possible worlds and of necessary truths but he does not define necessary truths by reference to possible worlds. This paper is intended to show that modern attempts to interpret Leibniz's notion of necessary truth in terms of possible worlds go wrong on two accounts : 1) they disregard the consequences of Leibniz's thesis that the actual world is the best of all possible worlds and his acceptance of the scholastic principle, "What (...)
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