Results for 'Fabien Grandjean'

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  1.  70
    David Hume : La révolution praxologique du matérialisme.Fabien Grandjean - 1995 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 185 (1):19-32.
    David Hume : the praxological revolution of the materialism -/- Hume demonstrates that materialistic reductionism is a mere nonsense. However he also describes an entirely new meaning of the matter itself, neither a speculative nor a gnosiologic meaning, but a pragmatic and praxological one. The author aims to show how Hume's sensualist atomism had to result in the recognition of the "industry" as historical principle, specially after 1740. Before Marx, Hume is the first to understand that the essence of materialism, (...)
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  2.  14
    Conscious Emotional Experience Emerges as a Function of Multilevel, Appraisal-Driven Response Synchronization.Didier Grandjean, David Sander & Klaus R. Scherer - 2008 - Consciousness and Cognition 17 (2):484-495.
    In this paper we discuss the issue of the processes potentially underlying the emergence of emotional consciousness in the light of theoretical considerations and empirical evidence. First, we argue that componential emotion models, and specifically the Component Process Model , may be better able to account for the emergence of feelings than basic emotion or dimensional models. Second, we advance the hypothesis that consciousness of emotional reactions emerges when lower levels of processing are not sufficient to cope with the event (...)
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  3. Une asymétrie temporelle: passé fermé et futur ouvert.Vincent Grandjean - 2020 - Philosophie de la Connaissance.
    Nous partageons, au sujet de la nature du temps, l’intuition fondamentale selon laquelle le futur est ouvert tandis que le passé est fermé. Par exemple, alors que nous pensons pouvoir influencer le cours du futur, nous savons qu’aucune de nos actions ne peut influencer le cours du passé. Cependant, bien que cette intuition soit largement partagée, identifier la nature de l’asymétrie qu’elle reflète n’est pas chose aisée. Dans cet article, j’explore différentes manières de caractériser l’asymétrie entre le ‘futur ouvert’ et (...)
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  4.  95
    Brain Response to One's Own Name in Vegetative State, Minimally Conscious State, and Locked-in Syndrome.Fabien Perrin, Caroline Schnakers, Manuel Schabus, Christian Degueldre, Serge Goldman, Serge Brédart, Marie-Elisabeth E. Faymonville, Maurice Lamy, Gustave Moonen, André Luxen, Pierre Maquet & Steven Laureys - 2006 - Archives of Neurology 63 (4):562-569.
  5.  85
    The Meta-Ethical Grounding of Our Moral Beliefs: Evidence for Meta-Ethical Pluralism.Jennifer C. Wright, Piper T. Grandjean & Cullen B. McWhite - 2013 - Philosophical Psychology 26 (3):336-361.
    Recent scholarship (Goodwin & Darley, 2008) on the meta-ethical debate between objectivism and relativism has found people to be mixed: they are objectivists about some issues, but relativists about others. The studies discussed here sought to explore this further. Study 1 explored whether giving people the ability to identify moral issues for themselves would reveal them to be more globally objectivist. Study 2 explored people's meta-ethical commitments more deeply, asking them to provide verbal explanations for their judgments. This revealed that (...)
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  6. Grandjean de Fouchy, D'Alembert et Condorcet : Tracasseries et arrangements des secrétaires perpétuels.Irène Passeron - 2008 - Revue d'Histoire des Sciences 1 (1):165-180.
    En avril 1775, alors que le ministère Turgot rencontre les plus vives oppositions et attaques et va devoir affronter les émeutes liées au prix du blé, les amis de Turgot, D'Alembert et Condorcet, sont à des postes clés de la cité savante : le premier comme secrétaire perpétuel de l'Académie française, le second comme adjoint du secrétaire perpétuel de l'académie royale des sciences de Paris, Grandjean de Fouchy, dont le retrait est attendu. Dans une lettre à Joseph-Louis de Lagrange, (...)
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  7.  42
    What’s Magic About Magic Numbers? Chunking and Data Compression in Short-Term Memory.Fabien Mathy & Jacob Feldman - 2012 - Cognition 122 (3):346-362.
  8.  11
    Flaws in Current Human Training Protocols for Spontaneous Brain-Computer Interfaces: Lessons Learned From Instructional Design.Fabien Lotte, Florian Larrue & Christian Mühl - 2013 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.
  9. Non-Epicurean Desires.Fabien Schang - 2016 - Filosofia Unisinos 17 (1):63-68.
    In this paper, it is argued that there can be necessary and non-natural desires. After a discussion about what seems wrong with such desires, Epicurus’ classification of desires is treated similarly to Kripke’s treatment of the Kantian table of judgments. A sample of three cases is suggested to make this point.
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  10.  2
    The Theoretical and Practical Arguments Against the Unilateral Withdrawal of Life‐Sustaining Treatment During Crisis Standards of Care: Does the Knobe Effect Apply to Unilateral Withdrawal?Fabien Maldonado & Michael B. Gill - forthcoming - Bioethics.
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  11.  29
    Assessing Accuracy in Measurement: The Dilemma of Safety Versus Precision in the Adjustment of the Fundamental Physical Constants.Fabien Grégis - 2019 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 74:42-55.
    This article develops a historico-critical analysis of uncertainty and accuracy in measurement through a case-study of the adjustment of the fundamental physical constants, in order to investigate the sceptical “problem of unknowability” undermining realist accounts of measurement. Every scientific result must include a “measurement uncertainty”, but uncertainty cannot be be eval- uated against the unknown, and therefore cannot be taken as an assessment of “accuracy”, defined in the metrological vocabulary as the closeness to the truth. The way scientists use and (...)
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  12.  22
    Promoting the Use of Personally Relevant Stimuli for Investigating Patients with Disorders of Consciousness.Fabien Perrin, Maïté Castro, Barbara Tillmann & Jacques Luauté - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  13.  45
    The Asymmetric Nature of Time.Vincent Grandjean - 2022 - Springer Nature.
    This open access monograph offers a detailed study and a systematic defense of a key intuition we typically have, as human beings, with respect to the nature of time: the intuition that the future is open, whereas the past is fixed. For example, whereas it seems unsettled whether there will be a fourth world war, it is settled that there was a first world war. -/- The book contributes, in particular, three major and original insights. First, it provides a coherent, (...)
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  14.  22
    An Appraisal-Driven Componential Approach to the Emotional Brain.David Sander, Didier Grandjean & Klaus R. Scherer - 2018 - Emotion Review 10 (3):219-231.
    This article suggests that methodological and conceptual advancements in affective sciences militate in favor of adopting an appraisal-driven componential approach to further investigate the emotional brain. Here we propose to operationalize this approach by distinguishing five functional networks of the emotional brain: the elicitation network, the expression network, the autonomic reaction network, the action tendency network, and the feeling network, and discuss these networks in the context of the affective neuroscience literature. We also propose that further investigating the “appraising brain” (...)
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  15. How is the Asymmetry Between the Open Future and the Fixed Past to Be Characterized?Vincent Grandjean - 2019 - Synthese (3):1-24.
    A basic intuition we have regarding the nature of time is that the future is open whereas the past is fixed. For example, whereas we think that there are things we can do to affect how the future will unfold, we think that there are not things we can do to affect how the past unfolded. However, although this intuition is largely shared, it is not a straightforward matter to determine the nature of the asymmetry it reflects. So, in this (...)
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  16. A General Semantics for Logics of Affirmation and Negation.Fabien Schang - 2021 - Journal of Applied Logics - IfCoLoG Journal of Logics and Their Applications 8 (2):593-609.
    A general framework for translating various logical systems is presented, including a set of partial unary operators of affirmation and negation. Despite its usual reading, affirmation is not redundant in any domain of values and whenever it does not behave like a full mapping. After depicting the process of partial functions, a number of logics are translated through a variety of affirmations and a unique pair of negations. This relies upon two preconditions: a deconstruction of truth-values as ordered and structured (...)
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  17.  53
    Fairness in Knowing: Science Communication and Epistemic Justice.Fabien Medvecky - 2018 - Science and Engineering Ethics 24 (5):1393-1408.
    Science communication, as a field and as a practice, is fundamentally about knowledge distribution; it is about the access to, and the sharing of knowledge. All distribution brings with it issues of ethics and justice. Indeed, whether science communicators acknowledge it or not, they get to decide both which knowledge is shared, and who gets access to this knowledge. As a result, the decisions of science communicators have important implications for epistemic justice: how knowledge is distributed fairly and equitably. This (...)
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  18.  14
    On the Role of Faith in Sustainability Management: A Conceptual Model and Research Agenda.Fabien Martinez - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 155 (3):787-807.
    The objective of this article is to develop a faith development perspective on corporate sustainability. A firm’s management of sustainability is arguably determined by the way decision-makers relate to the other and the natural environment, and this relationship is fundamentally shaped by faith. This study advances theoretical understanding of the approach managers take on sustainability issues by explaining how four distinct phases of faith development—improvidence, obedience, irreverence and providence—determine a manager’s disposition towards sustainability. Combining insights from intentional and relational faith (...)
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  19.  19
    Grandjean de Fouchy en correspondance académique avec deux savants genevois.Jean-Daniel Candaux - 2008 - Revue d'Histoire des Sciences 1 (1):133-146.
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  20.  71
    The Machine Scenario: A Computational Perspective on Alternative Representations of Indeterminism.Vincent Grandjean & Matteo Pascucci - 2021 - Minds and Machines 31 (1):59-74.
    In philosophical logic and metaphysics there is a long-standing debate around the most appropriate structures to represent indeterministic scenarios concerning the future. We reconstruct here such a debate in a computational setting, focusing on the fundamental difference between moment-based and history-based structures. Our presentation is centered around two versions of an indeterministic scenario in which a programmer wants a machine to perform a given task at some point after a specified time. One of the two versions includes an assumption about (...)
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  21. Abstract Logic of Oppositions.Fabien Schang - 2012 - Logic and Logical Philosophy 21 (4):415--438.
    A general theory of logical oppositions is proposed by abstracting these from the Aristotelian background of quantified sentences. Opposition is a relation that goes beyond incompatibility (not being true together), and a question-answer semantics is devised to investigate the features of oppositions and opposites within a functional calculus. Finally, several theoretical problems about its applicability are considered.
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  22.  25
    Self-Consciousness in Non-Communicative Patients.Steven Laureys, Fabien Perrin & Serge Brédart - 2007 - Consciousness and Cognition 16 (3):722-741.
    The clinical and para-clinical examination of residual self-consciousness in non-communicative severely brain damaged patients remains exceptionally challenging. Passive presentation of the patient’s own name and own face are known to be effective attention-grabbing stimuli when clinically assessing consciousness at the patient’s bedside. Event-related potential and functional neuroimaging studies using such self-referential stimuli are currently being used to disentangle the cognitive hierarchy of self-processing. We here review neuropsychological, neuropathological, electrophysiological and neuroimaging studies using the own name and own face paradigm obtained (...)
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  23.  15
    Brain Networks, Emotion Components, and Appraised Relevance.David Sander, Didier Grandjean & Klaus R. Scherer - 2018 - Emotion Review 10 (3):238-241.
    Modeling emotion processes remains a conceptual and methodological challenge in affective sciences. In responding to the other target articles in this special section on “Emotion and the Brain” and the comments on our article, we address the issue of potentially separate brain networks subserving the functions of the different emotion components. In particular, we discuss the suggested role of component synchronization in producing information integration for the dynamic emergence of a coherent emotion process, as well as the links between incentive (...)
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  24.  5
    L'eucharistie comme mélange spirituel: Postérité liturgique du concept de KRASIS chez Clément d'Alexandrie, Apollinaire de Laodicée et Hilaire de Poitiers.Fabien Nobilio - 2007 - Revue de Philosophie Ancienne 25 (2):3-52.
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  25.  14
    Grandjean Y. With Wurch-Kozelj M. And Kozelj T. Le Rempart de Thasos (Études Thasiennes 22). Athens: École Française d'Athènes, 2011. Pp. 651, Illus. €120. 97828-69582286. [REVIEW]Silke Mueth - 2013 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 133:267-269.
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  26.  14
    Jan Łukasiewicz: Écrits Logiques Et Philosophiques.Fabien Schang & Sébastien Richard - 2013 - Paris, France: Vrin.
    Avec Kazimierz Twardowski, Stanisław Leśniewski et Alfred Tarski, le logicien et philosophe polonais Jan Łukasiewicz est l’un des membres les plus importants de l’École de Lvov-Varsovie.Célèbre pour ses ouvrages consacrés à Aristote, notamment sur le principe de non-contradiction et sur la syllogistique, il a également publié des articles majeurs sur la logique propositionnelle, la logique modale, l’intuitionnisme et les logiques multivalentes, dont il fut l’un des fondateurs. Enfin, il a contribué à faire reconnaître l’importance des travaux en logique de l’école (...)
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  27. An Arithmetization of Logical Oppositions.Fabien Schang - 2016 - In Jean-Yves Beziau & Gianfranco Basti (eds.), The Square of Opposition: A Cornerstone of Thought. Bâle, Suisse: pp. 215-237.
    An arithmetic theory of oppositions is devised by comparing expressions, Boolean bitstrings, and integers. This leads to a set of correspondences between three domains of investigation, namely: logic, geometry, and arithmetic. The structural properties of each area are investigated in turn, before justifying the procedure as a whole. Io finish, I show how this helps to improve the logical calculus of oppositions, through the consideration of corresponding operations between integers.
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  28.  8
    Fabien Locher. Le Savant Et la Tempête: Étudier l'Atmosphère Et Prévoir le Temps au XIXe Siècle. 221 Pp., Illus., Bibl., Index. Rennes: Presses Universitaires de Rennes, 2008. €17. [REVIEW]Katharine Anderson - 2010 - Isis 101 (4):901-902.
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  29.  7
    Developmental Abilities to Form Chunks in Immediate Memory and Its Non-Relationship to Span Development.Fabien Mathy, Michael Fartoukh, Nicolas Gauvrit & Alessandro Guida - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
  30.  69
    Valuing Environmental Costs and Benefits in an Uncertain Future: Risk Aversion and Discounting.Fabien Medvecky - 2012 - Erasmus Journal for Philosophy and Economics 5 (1):1-1.
    A central point of debate over environmental policies concerns how future costs and benefits should be assessed. The most commonly used method for assessing the value of future costs and benefits is economic discounting. One often-cited justification for discounting is uncertainty. More specifically, it is risk aversion coupled with the expectation that future prospects are more risky. In this paper I argue that there are at least two reasons for disputing the use of risk aversion as a justification for discounting (...)
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  31.  23
    The Concept of Continuous Creation Part II: Continuous Creation: Toward a Renewed and Actualized Concept.Fabien Revol - 2020 - Zygon 55 (1):251-274.
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  32.  21
    The Concept of Continuous Creation Part I: History and Contemporary Use.Fabien Revol - 2020 - Zygon 55 (1):229-250.
    The concept of continuous creation is now widely used in the context of reflections on the dialogue between science and religion. The first part of this research work seeks to understand its meaning through a twofold elaboration: (1) the historical setting of the three philosophical trends in which this concept was developed: scholastic (conservation), Cartesian (conservation through repetition of the creative act at each instant), and dynamic (interpreting the emergence of radical and contingent novelty in nature as a sign of (...)
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  33.  25
    « Volonté pure » et « volonté de volonté ». Critique et métaphysique du vouloir.Antoine Grandjean - 2012 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 74 (2):181.
    Cet article explicite le sens métaphysique de l'invention kantienne d'une raison pratique pure, dans une confrontation avec les analyses heideggériennes qui l'inscrivent dans l'histoire de la promotion moderne de la volonté, elle-même vérité de l'avènement métaphysique de la subjectivité. Il souligne la force d'une interprétation qui met l'accent sur le caractère décisif du concept de volonté pure, ainsi que sur la signification métaphysique du formalisme kantien. Il montre toutefois que cette interprétation, en isolant ces concepts de leur procès critique d'invention, (...)
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  34. Questions and Answers About Oppositions.Fabien Schang - 2011 - In Jean-Yves Beziau & Gillman Payette (eds.), The Square of Opposition: A General Framework for Cognition. Berne, Suisse: pp. 289-319.
    A general characterization of logical opposition is given in the present paper, where oppositions are defined by specific answers in an algebraic question-answer game. It is shown that opposition is essentially a semantic relation of truth values between syntactic opposites, before generalizing the theory of opposition from the initial Apuleian square to a variety of alter- native geometrical representations. In the light of this generalization, the famous problem of existential import is traced back to an ambiguous interpretation of assertoric sentences (...)
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  35.  6
    Théologie de la Création Continuée.Fabien Revol - 2017 - Revue des Sciences Religieuses 91:251-267.
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  36.  3
    Optimal Experience in Adult Learning: Conception and Validation of the Flow in Education Scale.Jean Heutte, Fabien Fenouillet, Charles Martin-Krumm, Gary Gute, Annelies Raes, Deanne Gute, Rémi Bachelet & Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    While the formulation of Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi's theory of flow, including the experience dimensions, has remained stable since its introduction in 1975, its dedicated measurement tools, research methodologies, and fields of application, have evolved considerably. Among these, education stands out as one of the most active. In recent years, researchers have examined flow in the context of other theoretical constructs such as motivation. The resulting work in the field of education has led to the development of a new model for understanding (...)
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  37.  31
    The Evaluation of Measurement Uncertainties and its Epistemological Ramifications.Nadine de Courtenay & Fabien Grégis - 2017 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 65:21-32.
    The way metrologists conceive of measurement has undergone a major shift in the last two decades. This shift can in great part be traced to a change in the statistical methods used to deal with the expression of measurement results, and, more particularly, with the calculation of measurement uncertainties. Indeed, as we show, the incapacity of the frequentist approach to the calculus of uncertainty to deal with systematic errors has prompted the replacement of the customary frequentist methods by fully Bayesian (...)
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  38.  8
    Brain Networks of Emotional Prosody Processing.Didier Grandjean - 2020 - Emotion Review 13 (1):34-43.
    The processing of emotional nonlinguistic information in speech is defined as emotional prosody. This auditory nonlinguistic information is essential in the decoding of social interactions and in our capacity to adapt and react adequately by taking into account contextual information. An integrated model is proposed at the functional and brain levels, encompassing 5 main systems that involve cortical and subcortical neural networks relevant for the processing of emotional prosody in its major dimensions, including perception and sound organization; related action tendencies; (...)
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  39.  1
    Fabien Deshayes & Axel Pohn-Weidinger, L’Amour en guerre. Sur les traces d’une correspondance pendant la Guerre d’Algérie.Michelle Zancarini-Fournel - 2019 - Clio 50:279-282.
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  40.  32
    Electrocorticographic Representations of Segmental Features in Continuous Speech.Fabien Lotte, Jonathan S. Brumberg, Peter Brunner, Aysegul Gunduz, Anthony L. Ritaccio, Cuntai Guan & Gerwin Schalk - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  41.  16
    Facial Expressions Allow Inference of Both Emotions and Their Components.Klaus R. Scherer & Didier Grandjean - 2008 - Cognition and Emotion 22 (5):789-801.
  42.  3
    Humanoid Robot Navigation: Getting Localization Information From Vision.Fabien Moutarde, Arnaud de La Fortelle, Silvère Bonnabel & Emilie Wirbel - 2014 - Journal of Intelligent Systems 23 (2):113-132.
    In this article, we present our work to provide a navigation and localization system on a constrained humanoid platform, the NAO robot, without modifying the robot sensors. First, we tried to implement a simple and light version of classic monocular Simultaneous Localization and Mapping algorithms, while adapting to the CPU and camera quality, which turned out to be insufficient on the platform for the moment. From our work on keypoints tracking, we identified that some keypoints can be still accurately tracked (...)
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  43.  32
    Jean-Fabien Spitz: La Liberté Politique. [REVIEW]Catherine Audard - 1998 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 1 (4):483-484.
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  44.  82
    End of the Square?Fabien Schang - 2018 - South American Journal of Logic 4 (2):485-505.
    It has been recently argued that the well-known square of opposition is a gathering that can be reduced to a one-dimensional figure, an ordered line segment of positive and negative integers [3]. However, one-dimensionality leads to some difficulties once the structure of opposed terms extends to more complex sets. An alternative algebraic semantics is proposed to solve the problem of dimensionality in a systematic way, namely: partition (or bitstring) semantics. Finally, an alternative geometry yields a new and unique pattern of (...)
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  45.  7
    The Bare Past.Vincent Grandjean - forthcoming - Philosophia:1-28.
    In this paper, I first introduce one of the most prominent objections against the Growing Block Theory of time, the so-called ‘epistemic objection’, according to which GBT provides no way of knowing that our time is the objective present and, therefore, leads at best to absolute skepticism about our temporal location, at worst to the quasi-certainty that we are located in the objective past. Secondly, I express my dissatisfaction regarding the various traditional attempts to address this objection, especially Merricks, Forrest (...)
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  46.  6
    The Wrath of the Gods: Appraising the Meaning of Disaster.Didier Grandjean, Anne-Caroline Rendu, Terence MacNamee & Klaus R. Scherer - 2008 - Social Science Information 47 (2):187-204.
    Beginning with the Flood story from ancient Mesopotamia, which is related to similar Biblical and Greek accounts, we focus on the genre of disaster myths, in which man is overcome by divine retribution for his misdeeds. Psychologically speaking, myth has to be considered as part of our human search for meaning. Man looks for the causes of effects; he also expects the effects of causes to be proportionate, which may be the basis of the notion of justice. We review the (...)
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  47.  8
    La Philosophie Naturelle de Christiaan Huygens.Fabien Chareix - 2006 - Vrin.
    Entre les premiers développements de la mécanique galiléenne et la publication des Principia de Newton, s’est jouée une transformation radicale de la philosophie naturelle des modernes. Mathématiques, sciences de la nature et techniques de précision ont façonné d’une part une nouvelle manière, active et opératoire, d’interroger la nature, et d’autre part une image du monde fondée sur l’idée d’une rationalité intégrale des phénomènes.Interlocuteur infatigable de Mersenne, Galilée, Descartes, Leibniz ou Newton, Christiaan Huygens a assuré un lien nécessaire pour son époque (...)
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  48.  12
    Biobanking and Data Sharing: A Plurality of Exchange Regimes.Fabien Milanovic, David Pontille & Anne Cambon-Thomsen - 2007 - Genomics, Society and Policy 3 (1):17-30.
    Key activities in biomedicine and related research rely on collections of biological samples and related files. Access to such resources in industry and in academic contexts has become strategic and represents a central issue in the general framework of rising patenting practices and in debates about the knowledge economy. It raises important issues concerning the organisation of scientific and medical work, the outline of data-sharing guidelines, and science policy’s contribution to the elaboration of an adapted framework. This paper presents an (...)
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  49.  7
    Grandjean de Fouchy et la Société des arts à Stockholm.Olivier Courcelle - 2008 - Revue d'Histoire des Sciences 1 (1):203-204.
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  50.  22
    On the Meaning of Measurement Uncertainty.Fabien Grégis - 2019 - Measurement 133:41-46.
    This article discusses the definitions of ‘‘measurement uncertainty” given in the three editions of the International Vocabulary of Metrology (VIM) and a fourth definition which was suggested for the next edition of this document. It is argued that none of the definitions is satisfying. First, a thorough definition of measurement uncertainty should supply an explanation about the meaning of the concept, which is missing from the VIM2&3. Secondly, when provided, the meanings are not accurate enough: the VIM1 version is flawed (...)
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