Results for 'Fallacies (Logic'

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  1.  48
    Fallacies and Formal Logic in Aristotle.David Hitchcock - 2000 - History and Philosophy of Logic 21 (3):207-221.
    The taxonomy and analysis of fallacies in Aristotle's Sophistical Refutations pre-date the formal logic of his Prior Analytics A4-6. Of the 64 fully described examples of ?sophistical refutations? which are fallacious because they are only apparently valid, 49 have the wrong number of premisses or the wrong form of premiss or conclusion for analysis by the Prior Analytics theory of the categorical syllogism. The rest Aristotle either frames so that they do not look like categorical syllogisms or analyses in (...)
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  2.  15
    Towards a Pattern-Based Logic of Probability Judgements and Logical Inclusion “Fallacies”.Momme von Sydow - 2016 - Thinking and Reasoning 22 (3):297-335.
    ABSTRACTProbability judgements entail a conjunction fallacy if a conjunction is estimated to be more probable than one of its conjuncts. In the context of predication of alternative logical hypothesis, Bayesian logic provides a formalisation of pattern probabilities that renders a class of pattern-based CFs rational. BL predicts a complete system of other logical inclusion fallacies. A first test of this prediction is investigated here, using transparent tasks with clear set inclusions, varying in observed frequencies only. Experiment 1 uses data (...)
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  3. Fallacies a View of Logic From the Practical Side.Alfred Sidgwick - 1883 - K. Paul, Trench.
  4. Argument: Critical Thinking, Logic and the Fallacies (M. Hogan).J. Woods, A. Irvine & D. Walton - 2002 - Philosophical Books 43 (1):43-45.
     
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  5.  31
    On Certain Supposed Fallacies of the Classical Logic.Henry Bradford Smith - 1921 - The Monist 31 (2):304-309.
  6.  7
    Logic and Linguistics: Aristotle's Account of the Fallacies of Combination and Division in the Sophistical Refutations.Pieter Sjoerd Hasper - 2009 - Apeiron 42 (2):105-152.
  7.  23
    File of Fallacies: Alfred Sidgwick: A Little-Known Precursor of Informal Logic and Argumentation. [REVIEW]Douglas Walton - 2000 - Argumentation 14 (2):175-179.
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  8.  64
    Fallacies in Predicate Logic?David Bell - 1971 - Mind 80 (317):145-147.
  9.  2
    Historians' Fallacies. Toward a Logic of Historical Thought.Louis O. Mink & David Hackett Fischer - 1971 - History and Theory 10 (1):107.
  10.  7
    David Hackett Fischer, "Historians' Fallacies; Toward a Logic of Historical Thought". [REVIEW]Louis O. Mink - 1971 - History and Theory 10 (1):107.
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  11.  19
    Historians' Fallacies: Toward a Logic of Historical Thought.Leon J. Goldstein - 1972 - Philosophia 2 (3):261-264.
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  12.  7
    Two Common Fallacies in the Logic of Religion.Wesley Raymond Wells - 1917 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 14 (24):653-660.
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  13. The Fallacies, a view of logic from the practical side.Alfred Sidgwick - 1884 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 18:107-116.
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  14.  4
    Some Remarks on "Two Common Fallacies in the Logic of Religion".Edgar Sheffield Brightman - 1918 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 15 (3):71-76.
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  15.  3
    Book Reviews : Historians' Fallacies: Toward a Logic of Historical Thought. By David Hackett Fischer. New York: Harper & Row, 1972. Pp. XXII + 338. $10.00. [REVIEW]T. Ball - 1976 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 6 (1):89-91.
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  16.  3
    Argument: The Logic of the Fallacies John Woods and Douglas Walton Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson, 1982. Pp. Xiv, 273. $12.95. [REVIEW]George Englebretsen - 1983 - Dialogue 22 (2):353-356.
  17. "Historians' Fallacies: Toward a Logic of Historical Thought" by David Hackett Fischer. [REVIEW]Terence Ball - 1976 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 6 (1):89.
  18. Some Remarks on Two Common Fallacies in the Logic of Religion.Edgar Sheffield Brightman - 1918 - Journal of Philosophy 15 (3):71.
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  19. Argument: The Logic of the Fallacies[REVIEW]Charles F. Kielkopf - 1983 - Teaching Philosophy 6 (1):43-46.
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  20. The Way Fallacies Were Treated in Scholastic Logic.Ebbesen Sten - 2001 - Cahiers de l'Institut du Moyen-Âge Grec Et Latin 55:107-134.
     
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  21. Two Common Fallacies in the Logic of Religion.Wesley Raymond Wells - 1917 - Journal of Philosophy 14 (24):653.
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  22.  8
    The Philosophy of Error and Liberty of Thought: J.S. Mill on Logical Fallacies.Frederick Rosen - 2006 - Informal Logic 26 (2):121-147.
    Most recent discussions of John Stuart Mill’s System of Logic (1843) neglect the fifth book concerned with logical fallacies. Mill not only follows the revival of interest in the traditional Aristotelian doctrine of fallacies in Richard Whately and Augustus De Morgan, but he also develops new categories and an original analysis which enhance the study of fallacies within the context of what he calls ‘the philosophy of error’. After an exploration of this approach, the essay relates the (...)
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  23.  86
    Fallacies.C. L. Hamblin - 1970 - Vale Press.
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  24.  9
    The Klein Group, Squares of Opposition and the Explanation of Fallacies in Reasoning.Serge Robert & Janie Brisson - 2016 - Logica Universalis 10 (2-3):377-392.
    During the last decades, the psychology of reasoning has identified experimentally many fallacies committed by spontaneous reasoners. Given these experimental results, some theories have been developed about this phenomenon, mainly algorithmic theories. This paper develops instead a computational modelling of these current fallacies which appear as simplifications in the treatment of information that do not respect the formal rules of classical propositional logic. These fallacies are explained as crushes in the Klein group structure and so, in squares (...)
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  25.  16
    Logic and Contemporary Rhetoric: The Use of Reason in Everyday Life.Nancy Cavender - 1978 - Wadsworth Pub. Co..
    This logic book puts critical-thinking skills into a context that you'll remember and use throughout your life.
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  26.  74
    Fallacies and Argument Appraisal.Christopher W. Tindale - 2007 - Cambridge University Press.
    Fallacies and Argument Appraisal presents an introduction to the nature, identification, and causes of fallacious reasoning, along with key questions for evaluation. Drawing from the latest work on fallacies as well as some of the standard ideas that have remained relevant since Aristotle, Christopher Tindale investigates central cases of major fallacies in order to understand what has gone wrong and how this has occurred. Dispensing with the approach that simply assigns labels and brief descriptions of fallacies, (...)
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  27. Logical Dialogue-Games and Fallacies.Douglas N. Walton - 1984
     
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  28. Informal Fallacies: Towards a Theory of Argument Criticisms.Douglas N. Walton - 1987 - John Benjamins.
     
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  29.  36
    Logic and Contemporary Rhetoric: The Use of Reason in Everyday Life.Howard Kahane - 2001 - Wadsworth Thomson Learning.
    [This book offers] compilation of examples from TV, newspapers, magazines, advertisements, and our nation's political dialogue.
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  30.  12
    The Significance of Informal Logic for Philosophy.David Hitchcock - 2000 - Informal Logic 20 (2).
    Informal logic is a new sub-discipline of philosophy, roughly definable as the philosophy of argument. Contributors have challenged the traditional concept of an argument as a premiss-conclusion complex, in favour of speech-act, functional and dialogical conceptions; they have identified as additional components warrants, modal qualifiers, rebuttals, and a dialectical tier. They have objected that "soundness" is neither necessary nor sufficient for a good argument. Alternative proposals include acceptability, relevance and sufficiency of the premisses; conformity to a valid argument schema; conformity (...)
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  31.  4
    Logic and Argument.Christopher Kirwan - 1978 - New York University Press.
  32. Logica Modernorum a Contribution to the History of Early Terminist Logic.L. M. de Rijk - 1962 - Van Gorcum H. J. & H. M. G. Prakke.
     
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  33.  42
    Commentators and Commentaries on Aristotle's Sophistici Elenchi: A Study of Post-Aristotelian Ancient and Medieval Writings on Fallacies.Sten Ebbesen - 1981 - E.J. Brill.
    v. 1. The Greek tradition -- v. 2. Greek texts and fragments of the Latin translation of "Alexander's" commentary -- v. 3. Appendices, Danish summary, indices.
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  34. Aristotle on Fallacies, or, the Sophistici Elenchi. Aristotle - 1866 - Garland.
  35. The Concept of Logical Fallacies: Problems of Hetvābhāsa in Navya-Nyāya in the Light of Gaṅgeśa and Raghunātha Śiromaṇi.Nandita Bandyopadhyay - 1977 - Sanskrit Pustak Bhandar.
     
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  36. Fads and Fallacies in the Social Sciences.Steven Goldberg - 2003 - Humanity Books.
  37.  1
    Sophisms in Medieval Logic and Grammar Acts of the Ninth European Symposium for Medieval Logic and Semantics, Held at St. Andrews, June 1990.Stephen Read (ed.) - 1993 - Kluwer Academic Publishers.
  38.  66
    Ad Hominem Fallacies, Bias, and Testimony.Audrey Yap - 2013 - Argumentation 27 (2):97-109.
    An ad hominem fallacy is committed when an individual employs an irrelevant personal attack against an opponent instead of addressing that opponent’s argument. Many discussions of such fallacies discuss judgments of relevance about such personal attacks, and consider how we might distinguish those that are relevant from those that are not. This paper will argue that the literature on bias and testimony can helpfully contribute to that analysis. This will highlight ways in which biases, particularly unconscious biases, can make (...)
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  39. Review of Informal Logic: A Pragmatic Approach. [REVIEW]Steven W. Patterson - 2009 - Cogency: Journal of Reasoning and Argumentation 1 (1):139-147.
  40.  59
    Fallacies.Bradley Dowden - 2003 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  41. Informal Logic: The First International Symposium.J. Anthony Blair & Ralph H. Johnson - 1981 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 14 (4):251-253.
     
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  42.  9
    A World of Difference: The Rich State of Argumentation Theory.Frans H. Van Eemeren - 1995 - Informal Logic 17 (2).
    This paper surveys the contributions to the study of argumentation in the two decades since the work of Toulmin and Perelman. Developments include Radical Argumentativism (Anscombre and Ducot), Communication and Rhetoric (American Speech Communication Theory), Informal Logic (Johnson and Blair), Formal Analyses of Fallacies (Woods and Walton), Formal Dialectics (Barth and Krabbe), and Pragma-Dialectics (van Eemeren and Grootendorst). From the survey it is concluded that argumentation theory has been considerably enriched. If the contributions can be made to converge, a (...)
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  43. With Good Reason an Introduction to Informal Fallacies.S. Morris Engel - 1982
     
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  44. Guides to Straight Thinking with Thirteen Common Fallacies.Stuart Chase - 1959 - Phoenix House.
     
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  45.  4
    Logic.Robert Baum - 1975 - Holt, Rinehart and Winston.
    For more than twenty years, introductory logic students have relied on this text to provide clear lessons as well as practical applications of the discipline. Robert Baum emphasizes formal logic and utilizes such elements of popular culture as cartoons and advertisements to illustrate technical concepts. Logic, 4/e addresses all the basic concepts, including informal analysis of statements, arguments, Aristotelian logic, propositional logic, quantificational logic, enumerative induction, the scientific method, probability, informal fallacies, definitions, and applied logic. As with previous editions, (...)
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  46.  10
    The Coherence of Hamblin's Fallacies.Ralph Johnson - 2011 - Informal Logic 31 (4):305-317.
    Hamblin’s Fallacies remains one of the crucial documents in the development of informal logic and argumentation theory. His critique of traditional approaches to the fallacies (what he dubbed ‘The Standard Treatment’) helped to revitalize the study of fallacies. Recently I had occasion to reread Fallacies and came to the conclusion that some of my earlier criticisms (1989, 1990) had missed the real force of what was going on there, that I and others have perhaps not fully (...)
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  47. The Power of Logic.Frances Howard-Snyder - 2012 - Mcgraw-Hill.
    Basic concepts -- Identifying arguments -- Logic and language -- Informal fallacies -- Categorical logic: statements -- Categorical logic: syllogisms -- Statement logic: truth tables -- Statement logic: proofs -- Predicate logic -- Induction -- Probability.
     
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  48.  5
    Dialogue Protocols for Formal Fallacies.Magdalena Kacprzak & Olena Yaskorska - 2014 - Argumentation 28 (3):349-369.
    This paper presents a dialogue system called Lorenzen–Hamblin Natural Dialogue (LHND), in which participants can commit formal fallacies and have a method of both identifying and withdrawing formal fallacies. It therefore provides a tool for the dialectical evaluation of force of argument when players advance reasons which are deductively incorrect. The system is inspired by Hamblin’s formal dialectic and Lorenzen’s dialogical logic. It offers uniform protocols for Hamblin’s and Lorenzen’s dialogues and adds a protocol for embedding them. This (...)
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  49. The Stoics on Fallacies of Equivocation.Susanne Bobzien - 2006 - In D. Frede & B. Inwood (eds.), Language and Learning, Proceedings of the 9th Symposium Hellenisticum. Cambridge University Press.
    ABSTRACT: This paper discusses the Stoic treatment of fallacies that are based on lexical ambiguities. It provides a detailed analysis of the relevant passages, lays bare textual and interpretative difficulties, explores what the Stoic view on the matter implies for their theory of language, and compares their view with Aristotle’s. In the paper I aim to show that, for the Stoics, fallacies of ambiguity are complexes of propositions and sentences and thus straddle the realms of meaning (which is (...)
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  50. Slippery Slope Arguments.Douglas N. Walton - 1992 - Oxford University Press.
    A "slippery slope argument" is a type of argument in which a first step is taken and a series of inextricable consequences follow, ultimately leading to a disastrous outcome. Many textbooks on informal logic and critical thinking treat the slippery slope argument as a fallacy. Walton argues that used correctly in some cases, they can be a reasonable type of argument to shift a burden of proof in a critical discussion, while in other cases they are used incorrectly. Walton identifies (...)
     
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