Results for 'Fenner Brockway'

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  1.  7
    Fenner Brockway on Russell's Unpublished Letter [Correction: Published Letter].Fenner Brockway - 2014 - Russell: The Journal of Bertrand Russell Studies.
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  2.  9
    Fenner Brockway on Russell's Unpublished Letter [Correction: Published Letter].Fenner Brockway - 1986 - Russell: The Journal of Bertrand Russell Studies 6.
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  3. Conceptual Engineering for Mathematical Concepts.Fenner Stanley Tanswell - 2018 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 61 (8):881-913.
    ABSTRACTIn this paper I investigate how conceptual engineering applies to mathematical concepts in particular. I begin with a discussion of Waismann’s notion of open texture, and compare it to Shapiro’s modern usage of the term. Next I set out the position taken by Lakatos which sees mathematical concepts as dynamic and open to improvement and development, arguing that Waismann’s open texture applies to mathematical concepts too. With the perspective of mathematics as open-textured, I make the case that this allows us (...)
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  4.  71
    A Problem with the Dependence of Informal Proofs on Formal Proofs.Fenner Tanswell - 2015 - Philosophia Mathematica 23 (3):295-310.
    Derivationists, those wishing to explain the correctness and rigour of informal proofs in terms of associated formal proofs, are generally held to be supported by the success of the project of translating informal proofs into computer-checkable formal counterparts. I argue, however, that this project is a false friend for the derivationists because there are too many different associated formal proofs for each informal proof, leading to a serious worry of overgeneration. I press this worry primarily against Azzouni's derivation-indicator account, but (...)
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  5.  18
    Mathematical Practice and Epistemic Virtues and Vices.Fenner Stanley Tanswell & Ian James Kidd - forthcoming - Synthese:1-20.
    What sorts of epistemic virtues are required for effective mathematical practice? Should these be virtues of individual or collective agents? What sorts of corresponding epistemic vices might interfere with mathematical practice? How do these virtues and vices of mathematics relate to the virtue-theoretic terminology used by philosophers? We engage in these foundational questions, and explore how the richness of mathematical practices is enhanced by thinking in terms of virtues and vices, and how the philosophical picture is challenged by the complexity (...)
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  6.  27
    Objects Are Individuals but Stuff Doesn't Count: Perceived Rigidity and Cohesiveness Influence Infants' Representations of Small Groups of Discrete Entities.Gavin Huntley-Fenner, Susan Carey & Andrea Solimando - 2002 - Cognition 85 (3):203-221.
  7.  43
    Proof, Rigour and Informality : A Virtue Account of Mathematical Knowledge.Fenner Stanley Tanswell - 2016 - St Andrews Research Repository Philosophy Dissertations.
    This thesis is about the nature of proofs in mathematics as it is practiced, contrasting the informal proofs found in practice with formal proofs in formal systems. In the first chapter I present a new argument against the Formalist-Reductionist view that informal proofs are justified as rigorous and correct by corresponding to formal counterparts. The second chapter builds on this to reject arguments from Gödel's paradox and incompleteness theorems to the claim that mathematics is inherently inconsistent, basing my objections on (...)
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  8.  30
    Limited Paternalism and the Salesperson: A Reconsideration. [REVIEW]George Brockway - 1993 - Journal of Business Ethics 12 (4):275 - 279.
    Any paternalistic obligation a salesperson might have toward a client isnot, as was previously argued, determined or grounded in his/her being in a position of superior knowledge. Rather, the obligation stems first and most basically from the principle of non-maleficence. Beyond that, however, the particulars of any such obligation: who is vulnerable to being harmed, the harm(s) that might occur and even the kinds of actions that can reasonably be taken to protect a client from such harm, all flow from (...)
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  9.  76
    Epistemic injustice in mathematics.Colin Jakob Rittberg, Fenner Stanley Tanswell & Jean Paul Van Bendegem - 2020 - Synthese 197 (9):3875-3904.
    We investigate how epistemic injustice can manifest itself in mathematical practices. We do this as both a social epistemological and virtue-theoretic investigation of mathematical practices. We delineate the concept both positively—we show that a certain type of folk theorem can be a source of epistemic injustice in mathematics—and negatively by exploring cases where the obstacles to participation in a mathematical practice do not amount to epistemic injustice. Having explored what epistemic injustice in mathematics can amount to, we use the concept (...)
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  10.  16
    Saving Proof From Paradox: Gödel’s Paradox and the Inconsistency of Informal Mathematics.Fenner Stanley Tanswell - 2016 - In Peter Verdee & Holger Andreas (eds.), Logical Studies of Paraconsistent Reasoning in Science and Mathematics. Springer. pp. 159-173.
    In this paper I shall consider two related avenues of argument that have been used to make the case for the inconsistency of mathematics: firstly, Gödel’s paradox which leads to a contradiction within mathematics and, secondly, the incompatibility of completeness and consistency established by Gödel’s incompleteness theorems. By bringing in considerations from the philosophy of mathematical practice on informal proofs, I suggest that we should add to the two axes of completeness and consistency a third axis of formality and informality. (...)
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  11.  10
    Children's Understanding of Number is Similar to Adults' and Rats': Numerical Estimation by 5–7-Year-Olds.Gavin Huntley-Fenner - 2001 - Cognition 78 (3):27-40.
    Adult number representations can belong to either of two types. One is discrete, language-specific, and culturally-derived; the other is analog and language-independent. Quantitative evidence is presented to demonstrate that analog number representations are adult-like in young children. Five- to 7-year-olds accurately estimated rapidly presented groups of 5--11 items. Groups were presented in random order and random arrangements controlling for overall area. Children's data were qualitatively, and to some degree quantitatively, similar to adult data with one exception: the ratio of the (...)
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  12.  27
    The Teaching of Medical Ethics in the United States of America.R. M. Veatch & D. Fenner - 1975 - Journal of Medical Ethics 1 (2):99-103.
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  13.  66
    Virtue Theory of Mathematical Practices: An Introduction.Andrew Aberdein, Colin Jakob Rittberg & Fenner Stanley Tanswell - forthcoming - Synthese:1-14.
    Until recently, discussion of virtues in the philosophy of mathematics has been fleeting and fragmentary at best. But in the last few years this has begun to change. As virtue theory has grown ever more influential, not just in ethics where virtues may seem most at home, but particularly in epistemology and the philosophy of science, some philosophers have sought to push virtues out into unexpected areas, including mathematics and its philosophy. But there are some mathematicians already there, ready to (...)
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  14.  2
    The Aesthetic Attitude.David E. W. Fenner - 1996 - Humanities Press.
    It seems to be the case that when we look at a flower in the way that the scientist does, we see the flower in one way, but when we look at the flower in a way as to view it as a thing of beauty, charm, elegance, we see it in a different way; we see it as an aesthetic object. Viewing the flower in such a way as to see it, or any object, as an aesthetic object, is (...)
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  15. D. FENNER, Einführung in die Angewandte Ethik, ISBN 978-3-7720-8347-1.R. Funiok - 2011 - Theologie Und Philosophie 86 (3):441.
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  16.  7
    David Fenner, Ed., Ethics and the Arts: An Anthology:Ethics and the Arts: An Anthology.Samuel Fleischacker - 1998 - Ethics 108 (2):427-429.
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  17.  15
    The Physician's Appeal to Firsthand Experience.George M. Brockway - 1976 - Hastings Center Report 6 (2):9-12.
  18.  70
    Ist die Institutionalisierung und Legalisierung der Suizidbeihilfe gefährlich?: Eine kritische Analyse der Gegenargumente.Dagmar Fenner - 2007 - Ethik in der Medizin 19 (3):200-214.
    Der Beitrag befasst sich mit den Chancen und Risiken einer allfälligen gesetzlichen Legalisierung der Suizidbeihilfe. Die Argumente, die gegen eine solche Legalisierung sprechen, werden zu drei thematischen Gruppen zusammengefasst und erörtert: „Slippery-Slope“-Argumente, Argumente vom „moralischen Druck“, und die Furcht vor einer „Entsolidarisierung der Gesellschaft“ sowie die „Gefährdung des Arzt-Patient-Verhältnisses“. Diese Gegenargumente erweisen sich als nicht zwingend, sofern Kriterien und Richtlinien für eine legitime Form der Suizidbeihilfe entwickelt und staatlich kontrolliert werden könnten.
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  19.  20
    Art in Context: Understanding Aesthetic Value.David E. W. Fenner - 2008 - Swallow Press.
    In Art in Context: Understanding Aesthetic Value, philosopher David Fenner presents a straightforward, accessible overview of the arguments about the importance of considering the relevant context in determining the true merit of a work of ...
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  20. A Generalization Of The Boolean Filter Concept.M. J. Brockway - 1976 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 23 (13-15):213-222.
  21.  16
    Aesthetic Appreciation in the Artworld and in the Natural World.David E. W. Fenner - 2003 - Environmental Values 12 (1):3-28.
    In this paper, I explore some parallels and dissimilarities between aesthetic appreciation that takes as its focus art objects and that which focuses on natural objects. I cover three areas. The first deals with general approach, whether a paradigm of engagement is more appropriate to environmental aesthetics than one of detachment and disinterest. The second theme is about preservation and whether the appropriate model is static or dynamic. The final theme is about environmental criticism and the application of aesthetic theory (...)
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  22.  9
    Ist Die Institutionalisierung Und Legalisierung der Suizidbeihilfe Gefährlich?Is the Institutionalization and Legalization of Assistance to Suicide Dangerous? A Critical Analysis of Counterarguments.Dagmar Fenner - 2007 - Ethik in der Medizin 19 (3):200-214.
    ZusammenfassungDer Beitrag befasst sich mit den Chancen und Risiken einer allfälligen gesetzlichen Legalisierung der Suizidbeihilfe. Die Argumente, die gegen eine solche Legalisierung sprechen, werden zu drei thematischen Gruppen zusammengefasst und erörtert: „Slippery-Slope“-Argumente, Argumente vom „moralischen Druck“, und die Furcht vor einer „Entsolidarisierung der Gesellschaft“ sowie die „Gefährdung des Arzt-Patient-Verhältnisses“. Diese Gegenargumente erweisen sich als nicht zwingend, sofern Kriterien und Richtlinien für eine legitime Form der Suizidbeihilfe entwickelt und staatlich kontrolliert werden könnten.
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  23.  18
    Bounded Immunity and Btt‐Reductions.Stephen Fenner & Marcus Schaefer - 1999 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 45 (1):3-21.
    We define and study a new notion called k-immunity that lies between immunity and hyperimmunity in strength. Our interest in k-immunity is justified by the result that θ does not k-tt reduce to a k-immune set, which improves a previous result by Kobzev [7]. We apply the result to show that Φ′ does not btt-reduce to MIN, the set of minimal programs. Other applications include the set of Kolmogorov random strings, and retraceable and regressive sets. We also give a new (...)
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  24.  10
    A Concise History of Mathematics, but Not for Philosophers: John Stillwell: A Concise History of Mathematics for Philosophers. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2019. 69pp, £15.Fenner Stanley Tanswell - 2020 - Metascience 29 (3):519-521.
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  25.  4
    Zwischen Selbstverwirklichung und Selbsttranszendenz – Menschliche Selbstentwürfe und die ethische Frage nach dem Guten.Dagmar Fenner - 2015 - In Marcel Meier Kressig & Mathias Lindenau (eds.), Was Ist der Mensch?: Vier Ethische Betrachtungen. Vadian Lectures Band 1. Transcript Verlag. pp. 71-92.
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  26.  40
    Every Polynomial-Time 1-Degree Collapses If and Only If P = PSPACE.Stephen A. Fenner, Stuart A. Kurtz & James S. Royer - 2004 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 69 (3):713-741.
    A set A is m-reducible to B if and only if there is a polynomial-time computable function f such that, for all x, x∈ A if and only if f ∈ B. Two sets are: 1-equivalent if and only if each is m-reducible to the other by one-one reductions; p-invertible equivalent if and only if each is m-reducible to the other by one-one, polynomial-time invertible reductions; and p-isomorphic if and only if there is an m-reduction from one set to the (...)
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  27.  8
    Revisiting Kumm's Cosmopolitan Constitutionalism.Maximilian Fenner - 2018 - Kriterion - Journal of Philosophy 32 (3):1-24.
    In this paper, I revisit Mattias Kumm's work on a ‘cosmopolitan conception of law’. I make two claims: First, I claim that although some criticism can be resisted by Kumm, under closer methodological scrutiny there are flaws in his theory. Second, I claim that these flaws challenge Kumm's approach when reading the Charter of the United Nations (UN Charter) as a ‘global constitution’. This also has pertinent practical implications for the functioning of the United Nations. This contribution does not take (...)
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  28.  47
    Ethics and the Arts: An Anthology.David E. Fenner (ed.) - 1995 - Routledge.
    First published in 1996. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
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  29.  13
    Introducing Aesthetics.David E. W. Fenner - 2003 - Praeger.
    " Although a historical organization is employed wherever a particular movement unfolds from earlier movements, the text's main organization is not motivated by ...
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  30.  7
    At Riex~ Job $.George P. Brockway W. W. Norton - forthcoming - Business Ethics.
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  31.  32
    Environmental Aesthetics and the Dynamic Object.David E. W. Fenner - 2006 - Ethics and the Environment 11 (1):1-19.
    : In this paper, I lay out a case for why those objects of aesthetic attention which are principally characterized as natural objects should be understood not statically, as existing in merely a three-dimensional fixed state, but as dynamic, as existing in a space-time context, complete with change, movement, and flux. After this, I explain why this is important, how the dynamic nature of natural objects raises a concern for aesthetically evaluating natural objects, and how that concern may be addressed.
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  32.  75
    Aesthetic Experience and Aesthetic Analysis.David E. W. Fenner - 2003 - Journal of Aesthetic Education 37 (1):40-53.
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  33.  11
    Environmental Aesthetics and the Dynamic Object.David E. W. Fenner - 2006 - Ethics and the Environment 11 (1):1-19.
    In this paper, I lay out a case for why those objects of aesthetic attention which are principally characterized as natural objects should be understood not statically, as existing in merely a three-dimensional fixed state, but as dynamic, as existing in a space-time context, complete with change, movement, and flux. After this, I explain why this is important, how the dynamic nature of natural objects raises a concern for aesthetically evaluating natural objects, and how that concern may be addressed.
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  34. Weisheit ein antiquierter Begriff in der philosophie? Zur Moglichkeit und Notwendigkeit der gegenwartigen Weisheits-Renaissance.Dagmar Fenner - 2007 - Perspektiven der Philosophie 33 (1):269-304.
    Angesichts der unter der Führungsrolle der natur- und sozial-technologisch relevanten Wissenschaften vollzogenen extremen Spezialisierung und Ausdifferenzierung des Wissens-systems in immer engere Disziplinen mit spezialistischem Fachwissen scheint das Bemühen um ,,Weisheit", das in der Bezeichnung unserer Arbeitsbereiche steckt, gänzlich obsolet geworden zu sein. Zunächst soll die Verdrängung der Weisheitsliebe bzw. -suche anhand einiger historisch-kultureller Etappen der veränderten Bedingungen der Wissensinstitutionen und Gesellschaftsstrukturen nachgezeichnet werden . Danach wird das neuzeitliche Wissenschaftsideal mit dem antiken Weisheitsideal kontrastiert, und die Philosophie in diesem Spannungsfeld geortet (...)
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  35.  18
    Why Modifying (Some) Works of Art Is Wrong.David E. W. Fenner - 2006 - American Philosophical Quarterly 43 (4):329 - 341.
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  36.  25
    A Study of the Relationship Between Analysis and Insight Based on the Madhyamakāvatāra.Peter Fenner - 1984 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 12:139.
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  37.  21
    Why Define 'Art'?David E. W. Fenner - 1994 - Journal of Aesthetic Education 28 (1):71.
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  38.  17
    Negative Eugenics and Ethical Decisions.David E. W. Fenner - 1996 - Journal of Medical Humanities 17 (1):17-30.
    Negative eugenics, purposive practices to eliminate some trait from our progeny, is a topic that commands discussion today. We have had the ability to practice negative eugenics for many years, perhaps for our entire history in one form or another, but today we have many options, several quite scientifically sophisticated, for such practices. What concerns me is that the easier is becomes to practice negative eugenics, the greater is the need for some consistent criterion of what makes a given trait (...)
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  39.  6
    Smallpox: Emergence, Global Spread, and Eradication.Frank Fenner - 1993 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 15 (3):397 - 420.
    Speculatively, it is suggested that variola virus, the cause of smallpox, evolved from an orthopoxvirus of animals of the central African rain forests (possibly now represented by Tatera poxvirus), some thousands of years ago, and first became established as a virus specific for human beings in the dense populations of the Nile valley perhaps five thousand years ago. By the end of the first millennium of the Christian era, it had spread to all the densely populated parts of the Eurasian (...)
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  40.  19
    A Generalization of the Boolean Filter Concept.M. J. Brockway - 1977 - Zeitschrift fur mathematische Logik und Grundlagen der Mathematik 23 (13-15):213-222.
  41. New Polytheism and Hillman, James Archetypal Psychology.Rw Brockway - 1987 - Journal of Dharma 12 (2):127-132.
     
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  42. Religion and Creative-Illness in Jung Night Journey Into the Psychic Depth.Rw Brockway - 1989 - Journal of Dharma 14 (3):277-286.
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  43. Science and Colonial Expansion : The Role of the British Royal Botanical Gardens.Lucille H. Brockway - 2011 - In Sandra G. Harding (ed.), The Postcolonial Science and Technology Studies Reader. Duke University Press.
  44. Some Reflections On Teaching Introduction To Technological Studies: The Image.John P. Brockway - 1988 - Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 8 (3):306-311.
    Images as a multi-faceted topic were used to teach an introductory course in Technological Studies. Nine faculty at Davidson College taught varying modules, as well as laboratory exercises. Widely differing thought patterns between the liberal arts and technologists were observed and are described herein. The syllabus is found in Appendex A.
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  45. The Origins of Oglala-Dakota Religion.Rw Brockway - 1988 - Journal of Dharma 13 (2):184-191.
  46. Technology & The Liberal Arts.John P. Brockway - 1986 - Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 6 (2):240-245.
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  47. Technology & the Liberal Arts.John P. Brockway - 1986 - Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 6 (3):240-245.
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  48.  14
    Robert W. Brockway. Myth From the Ice Age to Mickey Mouse. Pp. X + 187. $16.95.Don Cupitt. After All: Religion Without Alienation. Pp. 121. £9·95 Pb.Adina Davidovich. Religion as a Province of Meaning: The KantianFoundations of Modern Theology. Pp. Xvii + 338. Immanuel Kant. The One Possible Basis for a Demonstration of theExistence of God. Translated and Introduced by Gordon Treash. Pp. 247. £11.95 Pb.William H. Poteat. The Primacy of Persons and the Language of Culture. Pp. 343. £44·95.Luber Velecky. Aquinas' Five Arguments in the Summa Theologiae Ia 2, 3. Pp. Xi + 140. Dfl. 65.David Wisdo. The Life of Irony and the Ethics of Belief. Pp. X + 153. $44·50 Hb, $14·95 Pb. [REVIEW]Brian R. Clack - 1994 - Religious Studies 30 (4):539.
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  49.  13
    Robert W. Brockway. Myth From the Ice Age to Mickey Mouse. Pp. X+ 187.(Albany: State University of New York Press, 1993.) $16.95. Don Cupitt. After All: Religion Without Alienation. Pp. 121.(London: SCM Press, 1994.)£ 9· 95 Pb. Adina Davidovich. Religion as a Province of Meaning: The KantianFoundations of Modern Theology. Pp. Xvii+ 338.(Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1993.) Immanuel Kant. The One Possible Basis for a Demonstration of theExistence of God. Translated and Introduced by Gordon Treash. Pp. 247 ... [REVIEW]Brian R. Clack - 1994 - Religious Studies 30 (4):539-542.
  50.  20
    Video-Preservation of Dance.Kenton Harris & David E. W. Fenner - 1995 - Journal of Aesthetic Education 29 (1):69-78.
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