Results for 'Fiona Ritchie'

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Fiona Judith Ritchie
University of Hull
  1.  4
    PrefacePréface.Fiona Ritchie & Pascal Bastien - 2010 - Lumen: Selected Proceedings From the Canadian Society for Eighteenth-Century Studies 29:v.
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  2. Collected Works of D.G. Ritchie.David George Ritchie - 1901 - Thoemmes Press.
    v. 1. Darwinism and politics ; The principles of state interference -- v. 2. Darwin and Hegel -- v. 3. Natural rights -- v. 4. Studies in political and social ethics ; Plato -- v. 5. Philosophical studies -- v. 6. Miscellaneous writings.
     
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  3.  10
    Fiona Ritchie, Finishing First with Ethics.Laura F. Spira - 1997 - Teaching Business Ethics 1 (2):228-230.
  4. Divine Action and the Human Mind.Sarah Lane Ritchie - 2019 - Cambridge University Press.
    Is the human mind uniquely nonphysical or even spiritual, such that divine intentions can meet physical realities? As scholars in science and religion have spent decades attempting to identify a 'causal joint' between God and the natural world, human consciousness has been often privileged as just such a locus of divine-human interaction. However, this intuitively dualistic move is both out of step with contemporary science and theologically insufficient. By discarding the God-nature model implied by contemporary noninterventionist divine action theories, one (...)
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  5. Patterns of Discovery.Norwood R. Hanson, A. D. Ritchie & Henryk Mehlberg - 1958 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 10 (40):346-349.
     
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  6. What Are Groups?Katherine Ritchie - 2013 - Philosophical Studies 166 (2):257-272.
    In this paper I argue for a view of groups, things like teams, committees, clubs and courts. I begin by examining features all groups seem to share. I formulate a list of six features of groups that serve as criteria any adequate theory of groups must capture. Next, I examine four of the most prominent views of groups currently on offer—that groups are non-singular pluralities, fusions, aggregates and sets. I argue that each fails to capture one or more of the (...)
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  7. The Metaphysics of Social Groups.Katherine Ritchie - 2015 - Philosophy Compass 10 (5):310-321.
    Social groups, including racial and gender groups and teams and committees, seem to play an important role in our world. This article examines key metaphysical questions regarding groups. I examine answers to the question ‘Do groups exist?’ I argue that worries about puzzles of composition, motivations to accept methodological individualism, and a rejection of Racialism support a negative answer to the question. An affirmative answer is supported by arguments that groups are efficacious, indispensible to our best theories, and accepted given (...)
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  8.  32
    Signalling Signalhood and the Emergence of Communication.Thomas C. Scott-Phillips, Simon Kirby & Graham R. S. Ritchie - 2009 - Cognition 113 (2):226-233.
  9.  1
    Lay Perspectives on the Social and Psychological Functions of Heroes.Elaine L. Kinsella, Timothy D. Ritchie & Eric R. Igou - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  10.  20
    Identity From Variation: Representations of Faces Derived From Multiple Instances.A. Mike Burton, Robin S. S. Kramer, Kay L. Ritchie & Rob Jenkins - 2016 - Cognitive Science 40 (1):202-223.
    Research in face recognition has tended to focus on discriminating between individuals, or “telling people apart.” It has recently become clear that it is also necessary to understand how images of the same person can vary, or “telling people together.” Learning a new face, and tracking its representation as it changes from unfamiliar to familiar, involves an abstraction of the variability in different images of that person's face. Here, we present an application of principal components analysis computed across different photos (...)
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  11.  70
    Understanding Naturalism.Jack Ritchie - 2006 - Routledge.
    Many contemporary Anglo-American philosophers describe themselves as naturalists. But what do they mean by that term? Popular naturalist slogans like, "there is no first philosophy" or "philosophy is continuous with the natural sciences" are far from illuminating. "Understanding Naturalism" provides a clear and readable survey of the main strands in recent naturalist thought. The origin and development of naturalist ideas in epistemology, metaphysics and semantics is explained through the works of Quine, Goldman, Kuhn, Chalmers, Papineau, Millikan and others. The most (...)
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  12.  56
    The Emergence of Metacognition: Affect and Uncertainty in Animals.Peter Carruthers & J. Brendan Ritchie - 2012 - In Michael Beran, Johannes Brandl, Josef Perner & Joëlle Proust (eds.), The Foundations of Metacognition. Oxford University Press. pp. 76.
    This chapter situates the dispute over the metacognitive capacities of non-human animals in the context of wider debates about the phylogeny of metarepresentational abilities. This chapter clarifies the nature of the dispute, before contrasting two different accounts of the evolution of metarepresentation. One is first-person-based, claiming that it emerged initially for purposes of metacognitive monitoring and control. The other is social in nature, claiming that metarepresentation evolved initially to monitor the mental states of others. These accounts make differing predictions about (...)
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  13. Robinson Crusoe as Narrative Theologian.Daniel E. Ritchie - 1997 - Renascence 49 (2):94-110.
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  14.  36
    From Morality to Metaphysics: The Theistic Implications of Our Ethical Commitments.Angus Ritchie - 2012 - Oxford University Press.
    Part I: The 'explanatory gap'. 1. Why take morality to be objective? -- 2. The gap opens: evolution and our capacity for moral knowledge -- Part II: Secular responses. 3. Alternatives to realism: Simon Blackburn and Allan Gibbard -- 4. Procedures and reasons: Tim Scanlon and Christine Korsgaard -- 5. Natural goodness: Philippa Foot's moral objectivism -- 6. Natural goodness and 'second nature': John McDowell and David Wiggin -- Part III: Theism. 7. From goodness to God: closing the explanatory gap (...)
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  15. Can Semantics Guide Ontology?Katherine Ritchie - 2016 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 94 (1):24-41.
    Since the linguistic turn, many have taken semantics to guide ontology. Here, I argue that semantics can, at best, serve as a partial guide to ontological commitment. If semantics were to be our guide, semantic data and semantic treatments would need to be taken seriously. Through an examination of plurals and their treatments, I argue that there can be multiple, equally semantically adequate, treatments of a natural language theory. Further, such treatments can attribute different ontological commitments to a theory. Given (...)
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  16.  42
    The Fading Affect Bias Across Alcohol Consumption Frequency for Alcohol-Related and Non-Alcohol-Related Events.Jeffrey A. Gibbons, Angela Toscano, Stephanie Kofron, Christine Rothwell, Sherman A. Lee, Timothy D. Ritchie & W. Richard Walker - 2013 - Consciousness and Cognition 22 (4):1340-1351.
  17.  13
    Viewers Base Estimates of Face Matching Accuracy on Their Own Familiarity: Explaining the Photo-ID Paradox.Kay L. Ritchie, Finlay G. Smith, Rob Jenkins, Markus Bindemann, David White & A. Mike Burton - 2015 - Cognition 141:161-169.
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  18.  84
    The Evolution of Self-Knowledge.Peter Carruthers, Logan Fletcher & J. Brendan Ritchie - 2012 - Philosophical Topics 40 (2):13-37.
    Humans have the capacity for awareness of many aspects of their own mental lives—their own experiences, feelings, judgments, desires, and decisions. We can often know what it is that we see, hear, feel, judge, want, or decide. This article examines the evolutionary origins of this form of self-knowledge. Two alternatives are contrasted and compared with the available evidence. One is first-person based: self-knowledge is an adaptation designed initially for metacognitive monitoring and control. The other is third-person based: self-knowledge depends on (...)
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  19.  38
    Studies in Spatial Learning. I. Orientation and the Short-Cut.E. C. Tolman, B. F. Ritchie & D. Kalish - 1946 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 36 (1):13.
  20.  16
    Can Reinforcement Theory Account for Avoidance?Benbow F. Ritchie - 1951 - Psychological Review 58 (5):382-386.
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  21. 1792.-Year I.David G. Ritchie - 1892 - International Journal of Ethics 3 (1):75-90.
  22. Hegel's Early Studies--A Correction.D. G. Ritchie - 1899 - Mind 8 (32):568.
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  23. Naturalized Metaphysics.Jack Ritchie - 2010 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 18 (5):673-685.
  24. Some Empirical Criteria for Attributing Creativity to a Computer Program.Graeme Ritchie - 2007 - Minds and Machines 17 (1):67-99.
    Over recent decades there has been a growing interest in the question of whether computer programs are capable of genuinely creative activity. Although this notion can be explored as a purely philosophical debate, an alternative perspective is to consider what aspects of the behaviour of a program might be noted or measured in order to arrive at an empirically supported judgement that creativity has occurred. We sketch out, in general abstract terms, what goes on when a potentially creative program is (...)
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  25.  32
    Roles of Managers, Frontline Staff and Local Champions, in Implementing Quality Improvement: Stakeholders' Perspectives.JoAnn E. Kirchner, Louise E. Parker, Laura M. Bonner, Jacqueline J. Fickel, Elizabeth M. Yano & Mona J. Ritchie - 2012 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (1):63-69.
  26.  77
    Managing Ambiguity in Reference Generation: The Role of Surface Structure.Imtiaz H. Khan, Kees van Deemter & Graeme Ritchie - 2012 - Topics in Cognitive Science 4 (2):211-231.
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  27. Styles for Philosophers of Science.Jack Ritchie - 2012 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 43 (4):649-656.
    In this paper I discuss the bearing of Hacking’s ideas about Scientific Styles on traditional debates in the philosophy of science concerning rationality and realism. I argue that a kind of deflationary position with regard to realism debates is a natural consequence of Hacking’s claim that styles are self-authenticating. I then go on to argue, using an example of van Fraassen’s, that Hacking should allow a methodological role for realism debates and hence they are not idle, as he has claimed, (...)
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  28.  83
    Studies in Spatial Learning. II. Place Learning Versus Response Learning.E. C. Tolman, B. F. Ritchie & D. Kalish - 1946 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 36 (3):221.
  29. Nature and Mind: Some Notes on Professor Ward's Gifford Lectures.D. G. Ritchie - 1900 - Philosophical Review 9 (3):241-267.
  30. Structural Realism and Davidson.Jack Ritchie - 2008 - Synthese 162 (1):85 - 100.
    Structural realism is an attempt to balance the competing demands of the No Miracles Argument and the Pessimistic Meta-Induction. In this paper I trace the development of the structuralist idea through the work of one of its leading advocates, John Worrall. I suggest that properly thought through what the structuralist is offering or should be offering is not an account of how to divide up a theory into two parts—structure and ontology—but (perhaps surprisingly) a certain kind of theory of meaning—semantic (...)
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  31.  33
    Children's Evaluation of Computer-Generated Punning Riddles.Kim Binsted, Helen Pain & Graeme D. Ritchie - 1997 - Pragmatics and Cognition 5 (2):305-354.
    We have developed a formal model of certain types of riddles, and implemented it in a computer program, JAPE, which generates simple punning riddles. In order to test the model, we evaluated the behaviour of the program, by having 120 children aged eight to eleven years old rate JAPE-generated texts, human-generated texts, and non-joke texts for "jokiness" and funniness. This confirmed that JAPE's output texts are indeed jokes, and that there is no significant difference in funniness or jokiness between JAPE"s (...)
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  32. The Relation of Logic to Psychology. II.David G. Ritchie - 1897 - Philosophical Review 6 (1):1-17.
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  33.  28
    Perceived Changes in Ordinary Autobiographical Events' Affect and Visual Imagery Colorfulness.Timothy D. Ritchie & Tamzin J. Batteson - 2013 - Consciousness and Cognition 22 (2):461-470.
    We examined the extent to which the perceived changes in visual imagery colorfulness impact on the affect intensity associated with ordinary autobiographical events across time. We garnered support for the hypothesis that recent events become memorial phenomena via an emotion regulation process such that positive events retained their affective pleasantness longer than negative events retained affective unpleasantness because, in part, across 2 weeks the former retained their imagery colorfulness longer than the latter events did. A similar but distinct model was (...)
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  34. The Meaning of "Motive".J. H. Muirhead, J. S. Mackenzie, S. Alexander & David G. Ritchie - 1894 - International Journal of Ethics 4 (2):229-238.
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  35.  82
    Causal Compatibilism -- What Chance?Jack Ritchie - 2005 - Erkenntnis 63 (1):119-132.
    Orthodox physicalism has a problem with mental causation. If physics is complete and mental events are not identical to physical events (as multiple-realisation arguments imply) it seems as though there is no causal work for the mental to do. This paper examines some recent attempts to overcome this problem by analysing causation in terms of counterfactuals or conditional probabilities. It is argued that these solutions cannot simultaneously capture the force of the completeness of physics and make room for mental causation.
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  36.  59
    Managing Ambiguity in Reference Generation: The Role of Surface Structure.Imtiaz H. Khan, Kees van Deemter & Graeme Ritchie - 2012 - Topics in Cognitive Science 4 (2):211-231.
    This article explores the role of surface ambiguities in referring expressions, and how the risk of such ambiguities should be taken into account by an algorithm that generates referring expressions, if these expressions are to be optimally effective for a hearer. We focus on the ambiguities that arise when adjectives occur in coordinated structures. The central idea is to use statistical information about lexical co-occurrence to estimate which interpretation of a phrase is most likely for human readers, and to avoid (...)
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  37.  9
    Talking About Causing Events.Christopher A. Vogel, Alexis Wellwood, Rachel Dudley & J. Brendan Ritchie - 2014 - The Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication 9.
    Questions about the nature of the relationship between language and extralinguistic cognition are old, but only recently has a new view emerged that allows for the systematic investigation of claims about linguistic structure, based on how it is understood or utilized outside of the language system. Our paper represents a case study for this interaction in the domain of event semantics. We adopt a transparency thesis about the relationship between linguistic structure and extralinguistic cognition, investigating whether different lexico-syntactic structures can (...)
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  38.  83
    Critical Notices.D. G. Ritchie - 1885 - Mind 37 (28):135-137.
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  39.  40
    Styles of Thinking: The Special Issue.Jack Ritchie - 2012 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 43 (4):595-598.
  40.  83
    Philosophy and the Study of Philosophers.D. G. Ritchie - 1899 - Mind 8 (29):1-24.
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  41.  81
    New Books. [REVIEW]S. F., D. G. Ritchie, S. J. & Edward T. Dixon - 1899 - Mind 8 (29):118-135.
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  42.  65
    New Books. [REVIEW]David G. Ritchie, C. A. F. Rhys Davids, M. E., J. Adam, T. W. Levin, M. L. & Alfred W. Benn - 1897 - Mind 6 (21):120-135.
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  43.  13
    Chalmers on Implementation and Computational Sufficiency.J. Brendan Ritchie - unknown
    Chalmers argues for the following two principles: computational sufficiency and computational explanation. In this commentary I present two criticisms of Chalmers’ argument for the principle of computational sufficiency, which states that implementing the appropriate kind of computational structure suffices for possessing mentality. First, Chalmers only establishes that a system has its mental properties in virtue of the computations it performs in the trivial sense that any physical system can be described computationally to some arbitrary level of detail; further argumentation is (...)
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  44.  24
    A Classification of the Recursive Functions.Albert R. Meyer & Dennis M. Ritchie - 1972 - Zeitschrift fur mathematische Logik und Grundlagen der Mathematik 18 (4-6):71-82.
  45. The Logic of Question and Answer.A. D. Ritchie - 1943 - Mind 52 (205):24-38.
  46.  61
    Mild Cognitive Impairment: Ethical Considerations for Nosological Flexibility in Human Kinds.Janice E. Graham & Karen Ritchie - 2006 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 13 (1):31-43.
  47.  66
    Response to Dr. Sakai.Karen Ritchie - 1991 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 16 (2):159-160.
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  48.  40
    The Moral Problems of War-In Reply to Mr. J. M. Robertson.D. G. Ritchie - 1901 - International Journal of Ethics 11 (4):493-514.
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  49.  11
    Balancing Health Care Evidence and Art to Meet Clinical Needs: Policymakers' Perspectives.Louise E. Parker, Mona J. Ritchie, JoAnn E. Kirchner & Richard R. Owen - 2009 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 15 (6):970-975.
  50.  35
    The Meaning of "Motive".J. H. Muirhead, J. S. Mackenzie, S. Alexander & David G. Ritchie - 1894 - International Journal of Ethics 4 (2):229-238.
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