Results for 'Francesca Gulisano'

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  1.  7
    Mīmāṃsā deontic reasoning using specificity: a proof theoretic approach.Björn Lellmann, Francesca Gulisano & Agata Ciabattoni - 2021 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 29 (3):351-394.
    Over the course of more than two millennia the philosophical school of Mīmāṃsā has thoroughly analyzed normative statements. In this paper we approach a formalization of the deontic system which is applied but never explicitly discussed in Mīmāṃsā to resolve conflicts between deontic statements by giving preference to the more specific ones. We first extend with prohibitions and recommendations the non-normal deontic logic extracted in Ciabattoni et al. from Mīmāṃsā texts, obtaining a multimodal dyadic version of the deontic logic \. (...)
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  2.  87
    Communicative Competence and Theory of Mind in Autism: A Test of Relevance Theory.Francesca G. E. Happé - 1993 - Cognition 48 (2):101-119.
  3.  84
    Autism: Cognitive Deficit or Cognitive Style?Francesca Happé - 1999 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 3 (6):216-222.
  4.  20
    Corpo e spazio. A partire da Francesca Woodman.Francesca Brencio (ed.) - 2014
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  5. A Mechanism for Spatial Perception on Human Skin.Francesca Fardo, Brianna Beck, Tony Cheng & Patrick Haggard - 2018 - Cognition 178:236-243.
    Our perception of where touch occurs on our skin shapes our interactions with the world. Most accounts of cutaneous localisation emphasise spatial transformations from a skin-based reference frame into body-centred and external egocentric coordinates. We investigated another possible method of tactile localisation based on an intrinsic perception of ‘skin space’. The arrangement of cutaneous receptive fields (RFs) could allow one to track a stimulus as it moves across the skin, similarly to the way animals navigate using path integration. We applied (...)
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  6.  41
    Law and Conversational Implicatures.Francesca Poggi - 2011 - International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique 24 (1):21-40.
    This essay investigates the applicability of Grice’s theory of conversational implicatures to legal interpretation, in order to highlight some of its characteristics. After introducing the notions of language and discourse, and briefly explaining the most salient aspects of Grice’s theory, I will analyse the interpretation of two types of legal acts; authoritative legal acts and acts of private autonomy. Regarding the first class, exemplified by statutes, I will argue against the applicability of Gricean theory due to the conflictual behaviour of (...)
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  7.  17
    Conscientious Objection in Italy: Table 1.Francesca Minerva - 2015 - Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (2):170-173.
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  8.  33
    A Tutorial on Assumption-Based Argumentation.Francesca Toni - 2014 - Argument and Computation 5 (1):89-117.
  9.  11
    Space, Number, and Geometry From Helmholtz to Cassirer.Francesca Biagioli - 2016 - Springer Verlag.
    This book offers a reconstruction of the debate on non-Euclidean geometry in neo-Kantianism between the second half of the nineteenth century and the first decades of the twentieth century. Kant famously characterized space and time as a priori forms of intuitions, which lie at the foundation of mathematical knowledge. The success of his philosophical account of space was due not least to the fact that Euclidean geometry was widely considered to be a model of certainty at his time. However, such (...)
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  10.  28
    Creative Argumentation: When and Why People Commit the Metaphoric Fallacy.Francesca Ervas, Antonio Ledda, Amitash Ojha, Giuseppe Antonio Pierro & Bipin Indurkhya - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
  11.  4
    Alexithymia Is Related to the Need for More Emotional Intensity to Identify Static Fearful Facial Expressions.Francesca Starita, Khatereh Borhani, Caterina Bertini & Cristina Scarpazza - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  12.  26
    Acquired `Theory of Mind' Impairments Following Stroke.Francesca Happé, Hiram Brownell & Ellen Winner - 1999 - Cognition 70 (3):211-240.
  13.  48
    Conscientious Objection, Complicity in Wrongdoing, and a Not-So-Moderate Approach.Francesca Minerva - 2017 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 26 (1):109-119.
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  14.  77
    William James at the Boundaries: Philosophy, Science, and the Geography of Knowledge.Francesca Bordogna - 2008 - University of Chicago Press.
    At Columbia University in 1906, William James gave a highly confrontational speech to the American Philosophical Association (APA). He ignored the technical philosophical questions the audience had gathered to discuss and instead addressed the topic of human energy. Tramping on the rules of academic decorum, James invoked the work of amateurs, read testimonials on the benefits of yoga and alcohol, and concluded by urging his listeners to take up this psychological and physiological problem. What was the goal of this unusual (...)
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  15.  17
    The Ethics of Cryonics: Is It Immoral to Be Immortal?Francesca Minerva - 2018 - Springer Verlag.
    Cryonics—also known as cryopreservation or cryosuspension—is the preservation of legally dead individuals at ultra-low temperatures. Those who undergo this procedure hope that future technology will not only succeed in reviving them, but also cure them of the condition that led to their demise. In this sense, some hope that cryopreservation will allow people to continue living indefinitely. This book discusses the moral concerns of cryonics, both as a medical procedure and as an intermediate step toward life extension. In particular, Minerva (...)
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  16.  20
    Metaphor, ignorance and the sentiment of (ir)rationality.Francesca Ervas - 2021 - Synthese.
    Metaphor has been considered as a cognitive process, independent of the verbal versus visual mode, through which an unknown conceptual domain is understood in terms of another known conceptual domain. Metaphor might instead be viewed as a cognitive process, dependent on the mode, which leads to genuinely new knowledge via ignorance. First, I argue that there are two main senses of ignorance at stake when we understand a metaphor: we ignore some existing properties of the known domain in the sense (...)
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  17.  27
    Face Perception and Processing in Early Infancy: Inborn Predispositions and Developmental Changes.Francesca Simion & Elisa Di Giorgio - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  18.  56
    What Does It Mean That “Space Can Be Transcendental Without the Axioms Being So”?: Helmholtz’s Claim in Context.Francesca Biagioli - 2014 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 45 (1):1-21.
    In 1870, Hermann von Helmholtz criticized the Kantian conception of geometrical axioms as a priori synthetic judgments grounded in spatial intuition. However, during his dispute with Albrecht Krause (Kant und Helmholtz über den Ursprung und die Bedeutung der Raumanschauung und der geometrischen Axiome. Lahr, Schauenburg, 1878), Helmholtz maintained that space can be transcendental without the axioms being so. In this paper, I will analyze Helmholtz’s claim in connection with his theory of measurement. Helmholtz uses a Kantian argument that can be (...)
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  19.  97
    On Defining the Notion of Complete and Immediate Formal Grounding.Francesca Poggiolesi - 2016 - Synthese 193 (10).
    The aim of this paper is to provide a definition of the the notion of complete and immediate formal grounding through the concepts of derivability and complexity. It will be shown that this definition yields a subtle and precise analysis of the concept of grounding in several paradigmatic cases.
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  20.  50
    On Constructing a Logic for the Notion of Complete and Immediate Formal Grounding.Francesca Poggiolesi - 2018 - Synthese 195 (3):1231-1254.
    In Poggiolesi we have introduced a rigorous definition of the notion of complete and immediate formal grounding; in the present paper our aim is to construct a logic for the notion of complete and immediate formal grounding based on that definition. Our logic will have the form of a calculus of natural deduction, will be proved to be sound and complete and will allow us to have fine-grained grounding principles.
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  21.  50
    Lying to Level the Playing Field: Why People May Dishonestly Help or Hurt Others to Create Equity. [REVIEW]Francesca Gino & Lamar Pierce - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 95 (1):89 - 103.
    Unethical and dishonest behavior has increasingly attracted the attention of scholars from various disciplines. Recent work has begun to focus on a previous overlooked factor predicting dishonest behavior: the beneficiary or victim of dishonest acts. In two laboratory experiments, we manipulate the level of resources allocated to our participants (their "wealth") and investigate whether perceived inequity from wealth that is randomly or subjectively assigned leads individuals to cross ethical boundaries through helping or hurting others. The results show that dishonest behavior (...)
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  22.  8
    Evidence of Factorial Validity of Parental Knowledge, Control and Solicitation, and Adolescent Disclosure Scales: When the Ordered Nature of Likert Scales Matters.Francesca Lionetti, Loes Keijsers, Antonio Dellagiulia & Massimiliano Pastore - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  23. After-Birth Abortion: Why Should the Baby Live?Alberto Giubilini & Francesca Minerva - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (5):261-263.
    Abortion is largely accepted even for reasons that do not have anything to do with the fetus' health. By showing that (1) both fetuses and newborns do not have the same moral status as actual persons, (2) the fact that both are potential persons is morally irrelevant and (3) adoption is not always in the best interest of actual people, the authors argue that what we call ‘after-birth abortion’ (killing a newborn) should be permissible in all the cases where abortion (...)
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  24.  38
    To: “ Imaging of an Active Fault: Comparison Between 3D GPR Data and Outcrops at the Castrovillari Fault, Calabria, Italy,” Ercoli Maurizio, Pauselli Cristina, Romana Cinti Francesca, Forte Emanuele, and Volpe Roberto, Interpretation, 3, No. 3, SY57–SY66, Doi: Http://Dx.Doi.Org/10.1190/INT-2014-0234.1. [REVIEW]Ercoli Maurizio, Pauselli Cristina, Romana Cinti Francesca, Forte Emanuele & Volpe Roberto - 2018 - Interpretation: SEG 6 (2):Y1-Y1.
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  25.  38
    To: “Imaging of an Active Fault: Comparison Between 3D GPR Data and Outcrops at the Castrovillari Fault, Calabria, Italy,”Ercoli Maurizio, Pauselli Cristina, Romana Cinti Francesca, Forte Emanuele, and Volpe Roberto,Interpretation,3, No. 3, SY57–SY66, Doi: Http://Dx.Doi.Org/10.1190/INT-2014-0234.1. [REVIEW]Ercoli Maurizio, Pauselli Cristina, Romana Cinti Francesca, Forte Emanuele & Volpe Roberto - 2015 - Interpretation: SEG 3 (4):Y1-Y1.
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  26.  4
    To: “Imaging of an Active Fault: Comparison Between 3D GPR Data and Outcrops at the Castrovillari Fault, Calabria, Italy,” Ercoli Maurizio, Pauselli Cristina, Romana Cinti Francesca, Forte Emanuele, and Volpe Roberto, Interpretation, 3, No. 3, SY57–SY66, Doi: Http://Dx.Doi.Org/10.1190/INT-2014-0234.1. [REVIEW]Ercoli Maurizio, Pauselli Cristina, Romana Cinti Francesca, Forte Emanuele & Volpe Roberto - 2015 - Interpretation 3 (4):Y1-Y1.
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  27.  11
    What Aspects of Autism Predispose to Talent?Francesca Happé & Pedro Vital - 2010 - In Francesca Happé & Uta Frith (eds.), Autism and Talent. Oup/the Royal Society. pp. 364--1522.
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  28.  7
    The Effects of the Mating Market, Sex, Age, and Income on Sociopolitical Orientation.Francesca R. Luberti, Khandis R. Blake & Robert C. Brooks - 2020 - Human Nature 31 (1):88-111.
    Sociopolitical attitudes are often the root cause of conflicts between individuals, groups, and even nations, but little is known about the origin of individual differences in sociopolitical orientation. We test a combination of economic and evolutionary ideas about the degree to which the mating market, sex, age, and income affect sociopolitical orientation. We collected data online through Amazon’s Mechanical Turk from 1108 US participants who were between 18 and 60, fluent in English, and single. While ostensibly testing a new online (...)
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  29.  12
    Ernst Cassirer’s Transcendental Account of Mathematical Reasoning.Francesca Biagioli - forthcoming - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A.
  30.  3
    Threat Learning Promotes Generalization of Episodic Memory.Francesca Starita, Marijn C. W. Kroes, Lila Davachi, Elizabeth A. Phelps & Joseph E. Dunsmoor - 2019 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 148 (8):1426-1434.
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  31.  24
    Articulating Space in Terms of Transformation Groups: Helmholtz and Cassirer.Francesca Biagioli - 2018 - Journal for the History of Analytical Philosophy 6 (3).
    Hermann von Helmholtz’s geometrical papers have been typically deemed to provide an implicitly group-theoretical analysis of space, as articulated later by Felix Klein, Sophus Lie, and Henri Poincaré. However, there is less agreement as to what properties exactly in such a view would pertain to space, as opposed to abstract mathematical structures, on the one hand, and empirical contents, on the other. According to Moritz Schlick, the puzzle can be resolved only by clearly distinguishing the empirical qualities of spatial perception (...)
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  32.  74
    Evolutionary Chance Mutation: A Defense of the Modern Synthesis' Consensus View.Francesca Merlin - 2010 - Philosophy, Theory, and Practice in Biology 2 (20130604).
    One central tenet of the Modern Evolutionary Synthesis , and the consensus view among biologists until now, is that all genetic mutations occur by “chance” or at “random” with respect to adaptation. However, the discovery of some molecular mechanisms enhancing mutation rate in response to environmental conditions has given rise to discussions among biologists, historians and philosophers of biology about the “chance” vs “directed” character of mutations . In fact, some argue that mutations due to a particular kind of mutator (...)
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  33.  3
    Common-Surrounding World and Qualitative Social Ontology – Phenomenological Insights for the Environment and its Crisis.Francesca De Vecchi - 2020 - Rivista di Estetica 75:33-51.
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  34.  20
    Higher Proneness to Multisensory Illusions is Driven by Reduced Temporal Sensitivity in People with High Schizotypal Traits.Francesca Ferri, Agnese Venskus, Francesca Fotia, Jason Cooke & Vincenzo Romei - 2018 - Consciousness and Cognition 65:263-270.
  35.  93
    The Invisible Discrimination Before Our Eyes: A Bioethical Analysis.Francesca Minerva - 2017 - Bioethics 31 (3):180-189.
    The goal of this article is to introduce a philosophical analysis of a widely neglected condition which affects between 3% and 18% of the population. People affected by this condition experience a lower level of wellbeing than the average population and are discriminated against in both their professional and their personal life. I will argue that this form of discrimination should be taken more seriously in philosophical debate and that social, legal and medical measures ought to be taken in order (...)
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  36.  75
    Euthanasia and Cryothanasia.Francesca Minerva & Anders Sandberg - 2017 - Bioethics 31 (7):526-533.
    In this article we discuss the moral and legal aspects of causing the death of a terminal patient in the hope of extending their life in the future. We call this theoretical procedure cryothanasia. We argue that administering cryothanasia is ethically different from administering euthanasia. Consequently, objections to euthanasia should not apply to cryothanasia, and cryothanasia could also be considered a legal option where euthanasia is illegal.
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  37.  70
    Varieties of Misrepresentation and Homomorphism.Francesca Pero & Mauricio Suárez - 2016 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 6 (1):71-90.
    This paper is a critical response to Andreas Bartels’ sophisticated defense of a structural account of scientific representation. We show that, contrary to Bartels’ claim, homomorphism fails to account for the phenomenon of misrepresentation. Bartels claims that homomorphism is adequate in two respects. First, it is conceptually adequate, in the sense that it shows how representation differs from misrepresentation and non-representation. Second, if properly weakened, homomorphism is formally adequate to accommodate misrepresentation. We question both claims. First, we show that homomorphism (...)
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  38.  2
    Action Monitoring Through External or Internal Focus of Attention Does Not Impair Endurance Performance.Francesca Vitali, Cantor Tarperi, Jacopo Cristini, Andrea Rinaldi, Arnaldo Zelli, Fabio Lucidi, Federico Schena, Laura Bortoli & Claudio Robazza - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  39.  38
    Autism and Talent.Francesca Happé & Uta Frith (eds.) - 2010 - Oup/the Royal Society.
    Why do many autistic people develop outstanding abilities in domains like drawing, music, computation, and reading? What aspects of autism predispose some to talent? This book explores the origin and prevalence of exceptional talent, its basis in the brain, the current theories, and the representation of talent and autism in biography and fiction.
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  40.  6
    Cohen and Helmholtz on the Foundations of Measurement.Francesca Biagioli - 2018 - In Christian Damböck (ed.), Philosophie Und Wissenschaft Bei Hermann Cohen/Philosophy and Science in Hermann Cohen. Springer Verlag. pp. 77-100.
    It is well known that Hermann Cohen was one of the first philosophers who engaged in the debate about non-Euclidean geometries and the concept of space. His relation to Hermann von Helmholtz, who played a major role in the same debate, is an illuminating example of how some of the leading ideas of Marburg neo-Kantianism, although motivated independently of scientific debates, naturally led to the examination of scientific works and scientists’ epistemological views. This paper deals with Cohen’s view of magnitudes (...)
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  41.  17
    Food Waste Reduction and Food Poverty Alleviation: A System Dynamics Conceptual Model.Francesca Galli, Alessio Cavicchi & Gianluca Brunori - 2019 - Agriculture and Human Values 36 (2):289-300.
    The contradictions between food poverty affecting a large section of the global population and the everyday wastage of food, particularly in high income countries, have raised significant academic and public attention. All actors in the food chain have a role to play in food waste prevention and reduction, including farmers, food manufacturers and processors, caterers and retailers and ultimately consumers. Food surplus redistribution is considered by many as a partial solution to food waste reduction and food poverty mitigation, while others (...)
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  42.  3
    Alexithymia and the Reduced Ability to Represent the Value of Aversively Motivated Actions.Francesca Starita & Giuseppe di Pellegrino - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  43. ‘Theory of Mind’ and Tracking Speakers’ Intentions.Francesca Happé & Eva Loth - 2002 - Mind and Language 17 (1-2):24-36.
  44.  9
    The Executive Functions in Overweight and Obesity: A Systematic Review of Neuropsychological Cross-Sectional and Longitudinal Studies.Francesca Favieri, Giuseppe Forte & Maria Casagrande - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  45.  4
    Professional Duties of Conscientious Objectors.Francesca Minerva - 2019 - Journal of Medical Ethics 45 (10):675-676.
    In his paper ‘The truth behind conscientious objection’ Nir Ben-Moshe develops a new approach aimed at justifying conscientious objection without relying on respect of moral integrity of the conscientious objector or tolerance towards her moral views.1 According to Ben-Moshe, the problem with justifications of CO based on moral integrity and tolerance is that ‘truth of conscience’s claims is irrelevant to their justification’. He argues, to the contrary, that whether the claims of the conscientious objector are true or false makes a (...)
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  46.  18
    Victims of Racket: Entrepreneurs and Traders Dealing with Cosa Nostra, ‘Ndrangheta, and Camorra’.Francesca Giannone & Anna Maria Ferraro - 2015 - World Futures 71 (5-8):228-241.
    This work proposes research on a still unexplored psychical world: thoughts, emotions, and real events experienced by racket victims of the three largest criminal organizations of the South of Italy: Mafia, Camorra, and ‘Ndrangheta. The purpose is to understand the multifaceted psycho-anthropological and social issues criminal organizations have settled on, and particularly which psycho-relational dynamics and sociocultural codes come into play in the complex and controversial relationship between victim and criminal system, between victim and support systems. With entrepreneurs and tradesmen (...)
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  47.  38
    New Threats to Academic Freedom.Francesca Minerva - 2014 - Bioethics 28 (4):157-162.
    Using a specific case as an example, the article argues that the Internet allows dissemination of academic ideas to the general public in ways that can sometimes pose a threat to academic freedom. Since academic freedom is a fundamental element of academia and since it benefits society at large, it is important to safeguard it. Among measures that can be taken in order to achieve this goal, the publication of anonymous research seems to be a good option.
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  48.  11
    No Delay for Some Inferences.Foppolo Francesca & Marelli Marco - 2017 - Journal of Semantics 34 (4):659-681.
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  49.  67
    Integrity in Legal Practice: A Report From the Third International Legal Ethics Conference, Gold Coast, Australia.Francesca Bartlett & Reid Mortensen - 2009 - Legal Ethics 12 (1):100.
  50.  7
    Sincere, Deceitful, and Ironic Communicative Acts and the Role of the Theory of Mind in Childhood.Francesca M. Bosco & Ilaria Gabbatore - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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