95 found
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  1. Genericity: An Introduction.Manfred Krifka, Francis Jeffry Pelletier, Gregory Carlson, Alice ter Meulen, Gennaro Chierchia & Godehard Link - 1995 - In Greg N. Carlson & Francis Jeffry Pelletier (eds.), The Generic Book. University of Chicago Press. pp. 1--124.
     
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  2.  17
    The Generic Book.Greg N. Carlson & Francis Jeffry Pelletier (eds.) - 1995 - University of Chicago Press.
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  3. The Psychology of Vagueness: Borderline Cases and Contradictions.Sam Alxatib & Francis Jeffry Pelletier - 2011 - Mind and Language 26 (3):287-326.
    In an interesting experimental study, Bonini et al. (1999) present partial support for truth-gap theories of vagueness. We say this despite their claim to find theoretical and empirical reasons to dismiss gap theories and despite the fact that they favor an alternative, epistemic account, which they call ‘vagueness as ignorance’. We present yet more experimental evidence that supports gap theories, and argue for a semantic/pragmatic alternative that unifies the gappy supervaluationary approach together with its glutty relative, the subvaluationary approach.
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  4.  45
    Mass Expressions.Francis Jeffry Pelletier & Lenhart K. Schubert - unknown
    previous theories and the relevance of those criticisms to the new accounts. Additionally, we have included a new section at the end, which gives some directions to literature outside of formal semantics in which the notion of mass has been employed. We looked at work on mass expressions in psycholinguistics and computational linguistics here, and we discussed some research in the history of philosophy and in metaphysics that makes use of the notion of mass.
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  5. Generics and Defaults.Francis Jeffry Pelletier & Nicholas Asher - 1996 - In Handbook of logic and language. Amsterdam [etc.]; Cambridge, MA:
    1: Linguistic and Epistemological Background 1 . 1 : Generic Reference vs. Generic Predication 1 . 2 : Why are there any Generic Sentences at all? 1 . 3 : Generics and Exceptions, Two Bad Attitudes 1 . 4 : Exceptions and Generics, Some Other Attitudes 1 . 5 : Generics and Intensionality 1 . 6 : Goals of an Analysis of Generic Sentences 1 . 7 : A Little Notation 1 . 8 : Generics vs. Explicit Statements of Regularities..
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  6. The Principle of Semantic Compositionality.Francis Jeffry Pelletier - 1994 - Topoi 13 (1):11-24.
    The Principle of Semantic Compositionality (sometimes called Frege''s Principle) is the principle that the meaning of a (syntactically complex) whole is a function only of the meanings of its (syntactic) parts together with the manner in which these parts were combined. This principle has been extremely influential throughout the history of formal semantics; it has had a tremendous impact upon modern linguistics ever since Montague Grammars became known; and it has more recently shown up as a guiding principle for a (...)
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  7. How to Say Goodbye to the Third Man.Francis Jeffry Pelletier & Edward N. Zalta - 2000 - Noûs 34 (2):165–202.
    In (1991), Meinwald initiated a major change of direction in the study of Plato’s Parmenides and the Third Man Argument. On her conception of the Parmenides , Plato’s language systematically distinguishes two types or kinds of predication, namely, predications of the kind ‘x is F pros ta alla’ and ‘x is F pros heauto’. Intuitively speaking, the former is the common, everyday variety of predication, which holds when x is any object (perceptible object or Form) and F is a property (...)
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  8.  89
    A Brief History of Natural Deduction.Francis Jeffry Pelletier - 1999 - History and Philosophy of Logic 20 (1):1-31.
    Natural deduction is the type of logic most familiar to current philosophers, and indeed is all that many modern philosophers know about logic. Yet natural deduction is a fairly recent innovation in logic, dating from Gentzen and Ja?kowski in 1934. This article traces the development of natural deduction from the view that these founders embraced to the widespread acceptance of the method in the 1960s. I focus especially on the different choices made by writers of elementary textbooks?the standard conduits of (...)
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  9. Content, Context and Composition.Peter Pagin & Francis Jeffry Pelletier - 2007 - In Gerhard Preyer & Georg Peter (eds.), Context-Sensitivity and Semantic Minimalism: New Essays on Semantics and Pragmatics. Oxford University Press.
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  10.  40
    Synonymous Logics.Francis Jeffry Pelletier & Alasdair Urquhart - 2003 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 32 (3):259-285.
    This paper discusses the general problem of translation functions between logics, given in axiomatic form, and in particular, the problem of determining when two such logics are "synonymous" or "translationally equivalent." We discuss a proposed formal definition of translational equivalence, show why it is reasonable, and also discuss its relation to earlier definitions in the literature. We also give a simple criterion for showing that two modal logics are not translationally equivalent, and apply this to well-known examples. Some philosophical morals (...)
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  11.  41
    Gentzen and Jaśkowski Natural Deduction: Fundamentally Similar but Importantly Different.Allen P. Hazen & Francis Jeffry Pelletier - 2014 - Studia Logica 102 (6):1103-1142.
    Gentzen’s and Jaśkowski’s formulations of natural deduction are logically equivalent in the normal sense of those words. However, Gentzen’s formulation more straightforwardly lends itself both to a normalization theorem and to a theory of “meaning” for connectives . The present paper investigates cases where Jaskowski’s formulation seems better suited. These cases range from the phenomenology and epistemology of proof construction to the ways to incorporate novel logical connectives into the language. We close with a demonstration of this latter aspect by (...)
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  12. Did Frege Believe Frege's Principle?Francis Jeffry Pelletier - 2001 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 10 (1):87-114.
    In this essay I will consider two theses that are associated with Frege,and will investigate the extent to which Frege really believed them.Much of what I have to say will come as no surprise to scholars of thehistorical Frege. But Frege is not only a historical figure; he alsooccupies a site on the philosophical landscape that has allowed hisdoctrines to seep into the subconscious water table. And scholars in a widevariety of different scholarly establishments then sip from thesedoctrines. I believe (...)
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  13.  97
    The Case for Psychologism in Default and Inheritance Reasoning.Francis Jeffry Pelletier & Renée Elio - 2005 - Synthese 146 (1-2):7-35.
    Default reasoning occurs whenever the truth of the evidence available to the reasoner does not guarantee the truth of the conclusion being drawn. Despite this, one is entitled to draw the conclusion “by default” on the grounds that we have no information which would make us doubt that the inference should be drawn. It is the type of conclusion we draw in the ordinary world and ordinary situations in which we find ourselves. Formally speaking, ‘nonmonotonic reasoning’ refers to argumentation in (...)
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  14.  71
    A History of Natural Deduction and Elementary Logic Textbooks.Francis Jeffry Pelletier - unknown
    In 1934 a most singular event occurred. Two papers were published on a topic that had (apparently) never before been written about, the authors had never been in contact with one another, and they had (apparently) no common intellectual background that would otherwise account for their mutual interest in this topic.1 These two papers formed the basis for a movement in logic which is by now the most common way of teaching elementary logic by far, and indeed is perhaps all (...)
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  15.  12
    Verification: The Hysteron Proteron Argument.Francis Jeffry Pelletier & Bernard Linsky - 2018 - Journal for the History of Analytical Philosophy 6 (6).
    This paper investigates the strange case of an argument that was directed against a positivist verification principle. We find an early occurrence of the argument in a talk by the phenomenologist Roman Ingarden at the 1934 International Congress of Philosophy in Prague, where Carnap and Neurath were present and contributed short rejoinders. We discuss the underlying presuppositons of the argument, and we evaluate whether the attempts by Carnap actually succeed in answering this argument. We think they don’t, and offer instead (...)
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  16.  30
    Problems in the Representation of the Logical Form of Generics, Plurals, and Mass Nouns.Lenhart K. Schubert & Francis Jeffry Pelletier - 1987 - In Ernest Lepore (ed.), New Directions in Semantics. Academic Press.
  17.  88
    Descriptive Metaphysics, Natural Language Metaphysics, Sapir-Whorf, and All That Stuff: Evidence From the Mass-Count Distinction.Francis Jeffry Pelletier - 2011 - The Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication 6:7.
    Strawson described ‘descriptive metaphysics’, Bach described ‘natural language metaphysics’, Sapir and Whorf describe, well, Sapir-Whorfianism. And there are other views concerning the relation between correct semantic analysis of linguistic phenomena and the “reality” that is supposed to be thereby described. I think some considerations from the analyses of the mass-count distinction can shed some light on that very dark topic.
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  18.  31
    Kinds, Things, and Stuff: Mass Terms and Generics.Francis Jeffry Pelletier (ed.) - 2009 - Oup Usa.
    This volume showcases an interplay between leading philosophical and linguistic semanticists on the one side, and leading cognitive and developmental psychologists on the other side. The topic is a class of outstanding questions in the semanticists on the one side, and leading cognitive and developmental psychologists on the other side. The topic is a class of outstanding questions in the semantic and logical theories of generic statements and statements that employ mass terms by looking to the cognitive abilities of speakers (...)
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  19.  55
    The Average American has 2.3 Children.Greg Carlson & Francis Jeffry Pelletier - 2002 - Journal of Semantics 19 (1):73-104.
    Average‐NPs, such as the one in the title of this paper, have been claimed to be ‘linguistically identical’ to any other definite‐NPs but at the same time to be ‘semantically inconsistent’ with these other definite‐NPs. To some this is an ironclad proof of the irrelevance of semantics to linguistics. We argue that both of the initial claims are wrong: average‐NPs are not ‘linguistically identical’ to other definite‐NPs but instead show a number of interesting divergences, and we provide a plausible semantic (...)
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  20.  28
    Belief Change as Propositional Update.Renée Elio & Francis Jeffry Pelletier - 1997 - Cognitive Science 21 (4):419-460.
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  21.  47
    On Some Proposals for the Semantics of Mass Nouns.Francis Jeffry Pelletier - 1974 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 3 (1/2):87 - 108.
    Simple mass nouns are words like ‘water’, ‘furniture’ and ‘gold’. We can form complex mass noun phrases such as ‘dirty water’, ‘leaded gold’ and ‘green grass’. I do not propose to discuss the problems in giving a characterization of the words that are mass versus those that are not. For the purposes of this paper I shall make the following decrees: (a) nothing that is not a noun or noun phrase can be mass, (b) no abstract noun phrases are considered (...)
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  22.  34
    Second-Order Logic of Paradox.Allen P. Hazen & Francis Jeffry Pelletier - 2018 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 59 (4):547-558.
    The logic of paradox, LP, is a first-order, three-valued logic that has been advocated by Graham Priest as an appropriate way to represent the possibility of acceptable contradictory statements. Second-order LP is that logic augmented with quantification over predicates. As with classical second-order logic, there are different ways to give the semantic interpretation of sentences of the logic. The different ways give rise to different logical advantages and disadvantages, and we canvass several of these, concluding that it will be extremely (...)
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  23. Russell Vs. Frege on Definite Descriptions as Singular Terms.Francis Jeffry Pelletier & Bernard Linsky - 2009 - In Nicholas Griffin & Dale Jacquette (eds.), Russell Vs. Meinong: The Legacy of. Routledge.
    In ‘On Denoting’ and to some extent in ‘Review of Meinong and Others, Untersuchungen zur Gegenstandstheorie und Psychologie’, published in the same issue of Mind (Russell, 1905a,b), Russell presents not only his famous elimination (or contextual defi nition) of defi nite descriptions, but also a series of considerations against understanding defi nite descriptions as singular terms. At the end of ‘On Denoting’, Russell believes he has shown that all the theories that do treat defi nite descriptions as singular terms fall (...)
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  24.  31
    Are All Generics Created Equal?Francis Jeffry Pelletier - 2009 - In Kinds, Things, and Stuff: Mass Terms and Generics. Oup Usa.
  25.  76
    Some Notes Concerning Fuzzy Logics.Charles Grady Morgan & Francis Jeffry Pelletier - 1977 - Linguistics and Philosophy 1 (1):79 - 97.
    Fuzzy logics are systems of logic with infinitely many truth values. Such logics have been claimed to have an extremely wide range of applications in linguistics, computer technology, psychology, etc. In this note, we canvass the known results concerning infinitely many valued logics; make some suggestions for alterations of the known systems in order to accommodate what modern devotees of fuzzy logic claim to desire; and we prove some theorems to the effect that there can be no fuzzy logic which (...)
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  26.  28
    Another Argument Against Vague Objects.Francis Jeffry Pelletier - 1989 - Journal of Philosophy 86 (9):481-492.
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  27.  11
    Another Argument Against Vague Objects.Francis Jeffry Pelletier - 1989 - Journal of Philosophy 86 (9):481.
  28.  11
    Pecularities of Some Three- and Four-Valued Second Order Logics.Allen P. Hazen & Francis Jeffry Pelletier - 2018 - Logica Universalis 12 (3-4):493-509.
    Logics that have many truth values—more than just True and False—have been argued to be useful in the analysis of very many philosophical and linguistic puzzles. In this paper, which is a followup to, we will start with a particularly well-motivated four-valued logic that has been studied mainly in its propositional and first-order versions. And we will then investigate its second-order version. This four-valued logic has two natural three-valued extensions: what is called a “gap logic”, and what is called a (...)
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  29.  78
    Is Compositionality Formally Vacuous?Ali Kazmi & Francis Jeffry Pelletier - 1998 - Linguistics and Philosophy 21 (6):629-633.
  30. The Not-so-Strange Modal Logic of Indeterminacy.Francis Jeffry Pelletier - 1984 - Logique Et Analyse 27 (8):415-422.
     
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  31.  51
    Sameness and Referential Opacity in Aristotle.Francis Jeffry Pelletier - 1979 - Noûs 13 (3):283-311.
  32.  59
    A Formal Analysis of Relevance.James P. Delgrande & Francis Jeffry Pelletier - 1998 - Erkenntnis 49 (2):137-173.
    We investigate the notion of relevance as it pertains to ‘commonsense’, subjunctive conditionals. Relevance is taken here as a relation between a property (such as having a broken wing) and a conditional (such as birds typically fly). Specifically, we explore a notion of ‘causative’ relevance, distinct from ‘evidential’ relevance found, for example, in probabilistic approaches. A series of postulates characterising a minimal, parsimonious concept of relevance is developed. Along the way we argue that no purely logical account of relevance (even (...)
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  33.  2
    Reference and Quantification: The Partee Effect.Greg N. Carlson & Francis Jeffry Pelletier (eds.) - 2005 - CSLI Publications.
    This volume recasts the influential work of Barbara H. Partee in light of new studies surrounding the semantics of quantification and reference in natural language. The papers examine cutting-edge issues in formal semantics and pragmatics. With topics ranging from the fundamental issues of compositionality and information structure to the analysis of tense and aspect, Reference and Quantification is both an excellent discussion of Partee's work and a thorough overview of developments in current semantics research.
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  34.  15
    Post's Functional Completeness Theorem.Francis Jeffry Pelletier & Norman M. Martin - 1990 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 31 (3):462-475.
  35.  85
    Twenty-Five Years of Linguistics and Philosophy.Francis Jeffry Pelletier & Richmond H. Thomason - 2002 - Linguistics and Philosophy 25 (5-6):507-529.
  36.  33
    Relations: Turning Russell’s Other Flank.Francis Jeffry Pelletier & John King-Farlow - 1975 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 13 (3):359-367.
  37.  47
    Vagueness.Francis Jeffry Pelletier - unknown
    Vagueness: an expression is vague if and only if it is possible that it give rise to a “borderline case.” A borderline case is a situation in which the application of a particular expression to a (name of) a particular object does not generate an expression with a definite TRUTH-VALUE. That is, the piece of language in question neither applies to the object nor fails to apply. Although such a formulation leaves it open what the pieces of language might be (...)
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  38.  37
    The Law of Non-Contradiction: New Philosophical Essays, Edited by Graham Priest, J.C. Beall, and Bradley Armour-Garb, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2004, Xii + 443 Pp. [REVIEW]Francis Jeffry Pelletier - 2006 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 12 (1):131-135.
    The Law of Non-Contradiction - that no contradiction can be true - has been a seemingly unassailable dogma since the work of Aristotle. It is an assumption challenged from a variety of angles in this collection of original papers. Twenty-three of the world's leading experts investigate the 'law', considering arguments for and against it and discuss methodological issues that arise. The result is a balanced inquiry into a venerable principle of logic, one that raises questions at the very centre of (...)
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  39.  38
    Vacuous Relatives and the (Non-) Context-Freeness of English.Francis Jeffry Pelletier - 1988 - Linguistics and Philosophy 11 (3):255 - 260.
  40.  80
    Synonymous Logics: A Correction. [REVIEW]Francis Jeffry Pelletier & Alasdair Urquhart - 2008 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 37 (1):95 - 100.
    In an earlier paper entitled Synonymous Logics, the authors attempted to show that there are two modal logics so that each is exactly translatable into the other, but they are not translationally equivalent. Unfortunately, there is an error in the proof of this result. The present paper provides a new example of two such logics, and a proof of the result claimed in the earlier paper.
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  41.  17
    Descriptive Metaphysics, Natural Language Metaphysics, Sapir-Whorf, and All That Stuff: Evidence From the Mass-Count Distinction.Francis Jeffry Pelletier - 2010 - The Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication 6 (1).
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  42.  54
    Semantic Compositionality.Francis Jeffry Pelletier - unknown
    Semantic Compositionality is the principle that the meaning of a syntactically complex expression is a function only of the meanings of its syntactic components together with their syntactic mode of combination Various scholars have argued against this Principle in cluding the present author in earlier works One of these arguments was the Argument from Ambiguity which will be of concern in the present article Opposed to the considerations raised against the Principle are certain formal arguments that purport to show that (...)
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  43.  4
    (X): Comments on J. J. Katz's Paper: "Common Sense in Semantics".Francis Jeffry Pelletier - 1982 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 23:316-326.
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  44.  90
    Automated Natural Deduction in Thinker.Francis Jeffry Pelletier - 1998 - Studia Logica 60 (1):3-43.
    Although resolution-based inference is perhaps the industry standard in automated theorem proving, there have always been systems that employed a different format. For example, the Logic Theorist of 1957 produced proofs by using an axiomatic system, and the proofs it generated would be considered legitimate axiomatic proofs; Wang’s systems of the late 1950’s employed a Gentzen-sequent proof strategy; Beth’s systems written about the same time employed his semantic tableaux method; and Prawitz’s systems of again about the same time are often (...)
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  45.  10
    Pains Across Persons Across Possible Worlds.Francis Jeffry Pelletier - 1977 - Idealistic Studies 7 (1):61-75.
    In the last ten years or so, talk of “possible worlds” has become decidedly more fashionable from a logical point of view. And here fashion is well-justified: both from a logical and from a metaphysical point of view, the work of Saul Kripke on the concept of a possible world is as challenging as any contributions since the time of Leibniz himself. It is only fair, then, and indirectly flattering, to complain that Kripke is limiting himself as a major philosopher (...)
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  46.  11
    “Incompatibility” in Plato's Sophist.Francis Jeffry Pelletier - 1975 - Dialogue 14 (1):143-146.
    Contrary to the claims of owen, frede, and many other platonic scholars, there is a straight forward way to explicate plato's "sophist" as having 'heteron' first be understood as "non-identical" and after 257b or so be understood as "incompatible." this should encourage scholars who prefer the "incompatibility" reading but don't see how to get the required change of meaning.
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  47. Discourse, Interaction and Communication Proceedings of the Fourth International Colloquium on Cognitive Science.Xabier Arrazola, Kepa Korta, Francis Jeffry Pelletier & International Colloquium on Cognitive Science - 1998
     
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  48.  11
    Editors 'Note to the 25th Anniversary Issue'.Gregory N. Carlson, Francis Jeffry Pelletier & Richmond H. Thomason - 2002 - Linguistics and Philosophy 25 (505):505-505.
  49.  3
    The Theory of Logical Types.Francis Jeffry Pelletier - 1974 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 39 (1):174-177.
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  50.  25
    Compositional Belief Update.James Delgrande & Francis Jeffry Pelletier - unknown
    In this paper we explore a class of belief update operators, in which the definition of the operator is compositional with respect to the sentence to be added. The goal is to provide an update operator that is intuitive, in that its definition is based on a recursive decomposition of the update sentence’s structure, and that may be reasonably implemented. In addressing update, we first provide a definition phrased in terms of the models of a knowledge base. While this operator (...)
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