6 found
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  1.  42
    The defense motivation system: A theory of avoidance behavior.Fred A. Masterson & Mary Crawford - 1982 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 5 (4):661-675.
    A motivational system approach to avoidance behavior is presented. According to this approach, a motivational state increases the probability of relevant response patterns and establishes the appropriate or “ideal” consummatory stimuli as positive reinforcers. In the case of feeding motivation, for example, hungry rats are likely to explore and gnaw, and to learn to persist in activities correlated with the reception of consummatory stimuli produced by ingestion of palatable substances. In the case of defense motivation, fearful rats are likely to (...)
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  2.  19
    Is there sign-tracking in aversive conditioning?William D. Bartter & Fred A. Masterson - 1980 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 15 (2):87-89.
  3.  22
    Defensive behavior and passive avoidance learning in rats and gerbils.Mary Crawford, Fred A. Masterson, Lou Ann Thomas & Greg Ellerbrock - 1981 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 18 (3):121-124.
  4.  17
    Avoidance behavior: Assumptions, theory, and metatheory.Fred A. Masterson & Mary Crawford - 1982 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 5 (4):685-696.
  5.  10
    A theory of defense behavior: Innate responses, consummatory goal stimuli, and cognitive expectances.Fred A. Masterson - 1984 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 7 (4):754.
  6.  16
    Choice and stimuli that signal reward.Ronald L. Menlove & Fred A. Masterson - 1980 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 15 (2):112-114.