Results for 'Frederic Stahl'

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  1.  9
    Bigger Data for Big Data: From Twitter to Brain–Computer Interfaces.Etienne B. Roesch, Frederic Stahl & Mohamed Medhat Gaber - 2014 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 37 (1):97-98.
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  2.  10
    Frederic Lawrence Holmes. Meselson, Stahl, and the Replication of DNA: A History of “The Most Beautiful Experiment in Biology.” Xii + 503 Pp., Illus., Figs., Index. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 2001. $40. [REVIEW]Bruno J. Strasser - 2003 - Isis 94 (3):558-560.
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  3.  53
    Rationality: A Third Dimension: Frederic Schick.Frederic Schick - 1987 - Economics and Philosophy 3 (1):49-66.
    I want in this paper to do two things. First, I want to respond to some studies that argue that people are often not rational: that people regularly and systematically depart from rationality. The conclusion itself does not worry me. I pressed for the same in a recent book. But the arguments seem to me wrong, and wrong in an interesting way. There may be something to be learned from seeing how and why they fail.
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  4.  3
    The Stahl Multidimensional Inventory of Values and Attitudes (SMIVA): A Report on the Development of an Instrument to Measure the Effects of One Approach to Values Education.Robert J. Stahl - 1986 - Journal of Social Studies Research 10 (1):1-30.
  5. Rognon, Frédéric (dir.), Penser le suicide. Actes du colloque international et interdisciplinaire tenu à Strasbourg les 17 et 18 novembre 2016. [REVIEW]Frédéric Trautmann - 2020 - Revue des Sciences Religieuses 94:415-416.
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  6. Rognon, Frédéric (Dir.), Colère, Indignation, Engagement. Formes Contemporaines de Citoyenneté.Frédéric Trautmann - 2020 - Revue des Sciences Religieuses 94:417-418.
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  7.  11
    Frédéric Nef, L'Anti-Hume: De la logique des relations à la métaphysique des connexions, Paris: Librairie philosophique J. Vrin, 2017. [REVIEW]Frédéric Tremblay - 2020 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 106 (2):289-295.
  8.  4
    Communication de Frédéric Rognon « Le Protestantisme, Une Confession Sans Rites1? ».Frédéric Rognon - 2019 - Revue des Sciences Religieuses 93:413-425.
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  9. Con Frédéric Morin a comienzos de marzo de 1858'.Frédéric Morin - 1996 - Enrahonar 25:139-153.
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  10. Indiscriminate Mass Surveillance and the Public Sphere.Titus Stahl - 2016 - Ethics and Information Technology 18 (1):33-39.
    Recent disclosures suggest that many governments apply indiscriminate mass surveillance technologies that allow them to capture and store a massive amount of communications data belonging to citizens and non-citizens alike. This article argues that traditional liberal critiques of government surveillance that center on an individual right to privacy cannot completely capture the harm that is caused by such surveillance because they ignore its distinctive political dimension. As a complement to standard liberal approaches to privacy, the article develops a critique of (...)
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  11.  29
    Immanente Kritik. Elemente einer Theorie sozialer Praktiken.Titus Stahl - 2013 - Campus.
    This book discusses the concept of immanent critique, i. e. whether there is a form of critique which neither just applies empirically accepted standards nor independently justified norms but rather reconstructs norms which are immanent to social practices. -/- It surveys both political theories of criticism (Walzer, Taylor, MacIntyre) and contemporary critical theories (Habermas, Honneth) for how they describe such forms of critique and develops a new model of immanent critique. For this purpose, it takes up both contemporary social ontology (...)
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  12. Habermas and the Project of Immanent Critique.Titus Stahl - 2013 - Constellations 20 (4):533-552.
    According to Jürgen Habermas, his Theory of Communicative Action offers a new account of the normative foundations of critical theory. Habermas’ motivating insight is that neither a transcendental nor a metaphysical solution to the problem of normativity, nor a merely hermeneutic reconstruction of historically given norms, is sufficient to clarify the normative foundations of critical theory. In response to this insight, Habermas develops a novel account of normativity, which locates the normative demands of critical theory within the socially instituted practice (...)
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  13.  4
    Beyond Research Ethics: Dialogues in Neuro-ICT Research.Bernd Carsten Stahl, Simisola Akintoye, B. Tyr Fothergill, Manuel Guerrero, Will Knight & Inga Ulnicane - 2019 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 13.
  14. What is Immanent Critique?Titus Stahl - manuscript
    This working paper examines the notion of "immanent critique", a central methodological commitment of critical theories of society. In the first part, I distinguish immanent critique - a critique which reconstructs norms immanent in a social practice which point beyond the normative self-understanding of its members - from both external and internal critique and examine three questions that a theory of immanent critique has to answer (a social ontological, an epistemological and a justificatory question). After surveying some of the classic (...)
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  15.  67
    From Computer Ethics to Responsible Research and Innovation in ICT.Bernd Carsten Stahl, Grace Eden, Marina Jirotka & Mark Coeckelbergh - 2014 - Information and Management 51 (6):810-818.
    The discourse concerning computer ethics qualifies as a reference discourse for ethics-related IS research. Theories, topics and approaches of computer ethics are reflected in IS. The paper argues that there is currently a broader development in the area of research governance, which is referred to as 'responsible research and innovation'. RRI applied to information and communication technology addresses some of the limitations of computer ethics and points toward a broader approach to the governance of science, technology and innovation. Taking this (...)
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  16. Should DBS for Psychiatric Disorders Be Considered a Form of Psychosurgery? Ethical and Legal Considerations.Devan Stahl, Laura Cabrera & Tyler Gibb - 2018 - Science and Engineering Ethics 24 (4):1119-1142.
    Deep brain stimulation, a surgical procedure involving the implantation of electrodes in the brain, has rekindled the medical community’s interest in psychosurgery. Whereas many researchers argue DBS is substantially different from psychosurgery, we argue psychiatric DBS—though a much more precise and refined treatment than its predecessors—is nevertheless a form of psychosurgery, which raises both old and new ethical and legal concerns that have not been given proper attention. Learning from the ethical and regulatory failures of older forms of psychosurgery can (...)
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  17. Information, Ethics, and Computers: The Problem of Autonomous Moral Agents. [REVIEW]Bernd Carsten Stahl - 2004 - Minds and Machines 14 (1):67-83.
    In modern technical societies computers interact with human beings in ways that can affect moral rights and obligations. This has given rise to the question whether computers can act as autonomous moral agents. The answer to this question depends on many explicit and implicit definitions that touch on different philosophical areas such as anthropology and metaphysics. The approach chosen in this paper centres on the concept of information. Information is a multi-facetted notion which is hard to define comprehensively. However, the (...)
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  18.  27
    Ethics of Healthcare Robotics.Bernd Carsten Stahl & Mark Coeckelbergh - 2016 - Robotics And Autonomous Systems 86:152-161.
    How can we best identify, understand, and deal with ethical and societal issues raised by healthcare robotics? This paper argues that next to ethical analysis, classic technology assessment, and philosophical speculation we need forms of reflection, dialogue, and experiment that come, quite literally, much closer to innovation practices and contexts of use. The authors discuss a number of ways how to achieve that. Informed by their experience with “embedded” ethics in technical projects and with various tools and methods of responsible (...)
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  19. Responsible Computers? A Case for Ascribing Quasi-Responsibility to Computers Independent of Personhood or Agency.Bernd Carsten Stahl - 2006 - Ethics and Information Technology 8 (4):205-213.
    There has been much debate whether computers can be responsible. This question is usually discussed in terms of personhood and personal characteristics, which a computer may or may not possess. If a computer fulfils the conditions required for agency or personhood, then it can be responsible; otherwise not. This paper suggests a different approach. An analysis of the concept of responsibility shows that it is a social construct of ascription which is only viable in certain social contexts and which serves (...)
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  20.  19
    IT for a Better Future: How to Integrate Ethics, Politics and Innovation.Bernd Carsten Stahl - 2011 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 9 (3):140-156.
  21.  11
    Patient Reflections on the Disenchantment of Techno-Medicine.Devan Stahl - 2018 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 39 (6):499-513.
    Over one hundred years after Max Weber delivered his lecture “Science as a Vocation,” his description of the work of the physician in a disenchanted world still resonates. As a chronically ill patient who interacts with physicians frequently, I struggle with reconciling my understanding of my ill body with how my physician makes sense of my illness. My diagnosis created an existential crisis that caused me to search for meaning in my embodied experience, but I soon learned there is little (...)
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  22.  18
    Behavioral Components of Impulsivity.Christoph Stahl, Andreas Voss, Florian Schmitz, Mandy Nuszbaum, Oliver Tüscher, Klaus Lieb & Karl Christoph Klauer - 2014 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 143 (2):850-886.
  23.  3
    Expectancy Violations Promote Learning in Young Children.Aimee E. Stahl & Lisa Feigenson - 2017 - Cognition 163:1-14.
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  24. Verdinglichung als Pathologie zweiter Ordnung.Titus Stahl - 2011 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 59 (5):731-746.
    Although the critique of reification is a core commitment of critical theories, there is no widely accepted account of its normative foundation. In Lukács’s original analysis, this foundation is provided by a strong concept of practice which is, however, not acceptable from a contemporary point of view. I argue that the systematic character of reification theory can only be upheld if this concept is replaced by a more intersubjective notion of normative practices. Reification can then be analysed as a second-order (...)
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  25.  32
    A Philosophical History of German Sociology.Frédéric Vandenberghe - 2008 - Routledge.
    Introduction -- 1e Intermed consid -- Marx -- Simmel -- Weber -- Lukács -- 2e intermed consid -- Horkheimer -- Adorno -- 3e intermed consid -- Habermas I -- Habermas II -- Habermas III -- Conclusion -- Postscript -- Bibliography.
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  26.  6
    Subliminal Evaluative Conditioning? Above-Chance CS Identification May Be Necessary and Insufficient for Attitude Learning.Christoph Stahl, Julia Haaf & Olivier Corneille - 2016 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 145 (9):1107-1131.
  27.  87
    "The Real is Relational": An Epistemological Analysis of Pierre Bourdieu's Generative Structuralism.Frederic Vandenberghe - 1999 - Sociological Theory 17 (1):32-67.
    An internal reconstruction and an immanent critique of Bourdieu's generative structuralism is presented. Rather than starting with the concept of "habitus," as is usually done, the article tries to systematically reconstruct Bourdieu's theory by an analysis of the relational logic that permeates his whole work. Tracing the debt Bourdieu's approach owes to Bachelard's rationalism and Cassirer's relationalism, the article examines Bourdieu's epistemological writings of the 1960s and 70s. It tries to make the case that Bourdieu's sociological metascience represents a rationalist (...)
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  28.  20
    Foundations of Responsible Leadership: Asian Versus Western Executive Responsibility Orientations Toward Key Stakeholders.Michael A. Witt & Günter K. Stahl - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 136 (3):623-638.
    Exploring the construct of social-responsibility orientation across three Asian and two Western societies, we show evidence that top-level executives in these societies hold fundamentally different beliefs about their responsibilities toward different stakeholders, with concomitant implications for their understanding and enactment of responsible leadership. We further find that these variations are more closely aligned with institutional factors than with cultural variables, suggesting a need to clarify the connection between culture and institutions on the one hand and culture and social-responsibility orientations on (...)
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  29.  47
    Immanent Critique and Particular Moral Experience.Titus Stahl - 2017 - Critical Horizons.
    Critical theories often express scepticism towards the idea that social critique should draw on general normative principles, seeing such principles as bound to dominant conceptual frameworks. However, even the models of immanent critique developed in the Frankfurt School tradition seem to privilege principles over particular moral experiences. Discussing the place that particular moral experience has in the models of Honneth, Ferrara and Adorno, the article argues that experience can play an important negative role even for a critical theory that is (...)
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  30. A Logical Analysis of Some Value Concepts.Frederic Fitch - 1963 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 28 (2):135-142.
  31.  45
    Are Generational Savings Unjust?Frédéric Gaspart & Axel Gosseries - 2007 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 6 (2):193-217.
    In this article, we explore the implications of a Rawlsian theory for intergenerational issues. First, we confront Rawls's way of locating his `just savings' principle in his Theory of Justice with an alternative way of doing so. We argue that both sides of his intergenerational principle, as they apply to the accumulation phase and the steady-state stage, can be dealt with on the bases, respectively, of the principle of equal liberty and of the difference principle. We then proceed by focusing (...)
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  32.  14
    Political Hope and Cooperative Community.Titus Stahl - 2019 - In Claudia Blöser & Titus Stahl (eds.), The Moral Psychology of Hope. London: Rowman & Littlefield International. pp. 265-284.
    This chapter pursues three aims: First, I propose three different roles that hope can play in political philosophy - one instrumental, one constitutive, and the other justificatory. I then examine three major approaches to political hope, exemplified by Bloch, Rorty, and contemporary liberal authors in order to distinguish three approaches to the justificatory question. I argue that they make opposite mistakes with regard to the importance of hope. Whereas Bloch solves the problem of justification by introducing a metaphysics to support (...)
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  33. Institutional Power, Collective Acceptance, and Recognition.Titus Stahl - 2011 - In Heikki Ikäheimo & Arto Laitinen (eds.), Recognition and Social Ontology. Brill. pp. 349--372.
    The article defines the boundaries of social and institutional power clearly; it argues that all institutional power rests finally on the acceptance of sanctioning authority and thus on mutual recognition.
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  34. Ideologiekritik.Titus Stahl - 2016 - In Michael Quante (ed.), Marx-Handbuch. J.B. Metzler. pp. 238-253.
  35. From Groups to Individuals: Evolution and Emerging Individuality.Frédéric Bouchard & Philippe Huneman (eds.) - 2013 - MIT Press.
    Our intuitive assumption that only organisms are the real individuals in the natural world is at odds with developments in cell biology, ecology, genetics, evolutionary biology, and other fields. Although organisms have served for centuries as nature’s paradigmatic individuals, science suggests that organisms are only one of the many ways in which the natural world could be organized. When living beings work together—as in ant colonies, beehives, and bacteria-metazoan symbiosis—new collective individuals can emerge. In this book, leading scholars consider the (...)
     
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  36.  36
    Critical Theory as an Approach to the Ethics of Information Security.Bernd Carsten Stahl, Neil F. Doherty, Mark Shaw & Helge Janicke - 2014 - Science and Engineering Ethics 20 (3):675-699.
    Information security can be of high moral value. It can equally be used for immoral purposes and have undesirable consequences. In this paper we suggest that critical theory can facilitate a better understanding of possible ethical issues and can provide support when finding ways of addressing them. The paper argues that critical theory has intrinsic links to ethics and that it is possible to identify concepts frequently used in critical theory to pinpoint ethical concerns. Using the example of UK electronic (...)
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  37. Collective Responsibility for Oppression.Titus Stahl - 2017 - Social Theory and Practice 43 (3):473-501.
    Many contemporary forms of oppression are not primarily the result of formally organized collective action nor are they an unintended outcome of a combination of individual actions. This raises the question of collective responsibility. I argue that we can only determine who is responsible for oppression if we understand oppression as a matter of social practices that create obstacles for social change. This social practice view of oppression enables two insights: First, that there is an unproblematic sense in which groups (...)
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  38.  16
    Violations of Core Knowledge Shape Early Learning.Aimee E. Stahl & Lisa Feigenson - 2019 - Topics in Cognitive Science 11 (1):136-153.
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  39.  6
    Managing Ethics in the HBP: A Reflective and Dialogical Approach.Bernd Carsten Stahl, Stephen Rainey & Mark Shaw - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 7 (1):20-24.
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  40. Criticizing Social Reality From Within: Haslanger on Race, Gender, and Ideology.Titus Stahl - 2014 - Krisis: Journal for Contemporary Philosophy (1):5-12.
    This paper critically evaluates the semantic externalist conception of Race and Gender concepts put forward in Sally Haslanger's 2012 essay collection "Resisting Reality". I argue that her endorsement of "objective type externalism" limits the options for critique compared to social externalist approaches.
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  41.  47
    Identifying the Ethics of Emerging Information and Communication Technologies: An Essay on Issues, Concepts and Method.Bernd Carsten Stahl, Richard Heersmink, Philippe Goujon, Catherine Flick, Jeroen van den Hoven, Kutoma Wakunuma, Veikko Ikonen & Michael Rader - 2010 - International Journal of Technoethics 1 (4):20-38.
    Ethical issues of information and communication technologies (ICTs) are important because they can have significant effects on human liberty, happiness, and people’s ability to lead a good life. They are also of functional interest because they can determine whether technologies are used and whether their positive potential can unfold. For these reasons, policy makers are interested in finding out what these issues are and how they can be addressed. The best way of creating ICT policy that is sensitive to ethical (...)
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  42.  10
    In Defense of Paul Tillich: Toward a Liberal Protestant Bioethics.D. Stahl - 2014 - Christian Bioethics 20 (2):260-271.
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  43.  45
    Symbolic Logic.Frederic B. Fitch - 1952 - New York: Ronald Press Co..
  44.  13
    The Axiomatic Method in Biology.Frederic B. Fitch - 1938 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 3 (1):42-43.
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  45.  64
    Discourses on Information Ethics: The Claim to Universality. [REVIEW]Bernd Carsten Stahl - 2008 - Ethics and Information Technology 10 (2-3):97-108.
    An important question one can ask of ethical theories is whether and how they aim to raise claims to universality. This refers to the subject area that they intend to describe or govern and also to the question whether they claim to be binding for all (moral) agents. This paper discusses the question of universality of Luciano Floridi’s information ethics (IE). This is done by introducing the theory and discussing its conceptual foundations and applications. The emphasis will be placed on (...)
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  46. Fitness, Probability and the Principles of Natural Selection.Frederic Bouchard & Alexander Rosenberg - 2004 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 55 (4):693-712.
    We argue that a fashionable interpretation of the theory of natural selection as a claim exclusively about populations is mistaken. The interpretation rests on adopting an analysis of fitness as a probabilistic propensity which cannot be substantiated, draws parallels with thermodynamics which are without foundations, and fails to do justice to the fundamental distinction between drift and selection. This distinction requires a notion of fitness as a pairwise comparison between individuals taken two at a time, and so vitiates the interpretation (...)
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  47.  1
    Privatheitsrechte und politische Öffentlichkeit.Titus Stahl - 2019 - In Hauke Behrendt, Wulf Loh, Matzner Tobias & Catrin Misselhorn (eds.), Privatsphäre 4.0: Eine Neuverortung des Privaten Im Zeitalter der Digitalisierung. Stuttgart: Metzler. pp. 123-139.
    Der Zusammenhang zwischen dem Recht auf Privatheit und dem Recht auf demokratische Selbstbestimmung wird oft so verstanden, dass Privatheitsrechte lediglich instrumentellen Wert für demokratische Partizipation haben und alleine in der Möglichkeit bestehen, sich von der Teilnahme an der Öffentlichkeit zurückzuziehen. Ich stelle in meinem Beitrag drei Argumente dafür vor, dass ein engerer, interner Zusammenhang zwischen beiden Rechten besteht: Das Recht auf Privatsphäre schützt politische Öffentlichkeiten gegen epistemische Ungleichheit, schützt Gruppen in der Öffentlichkeit vor einem Verlust ihrer deliberativen Autonomie und verhindert (...)
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  48.  19
    Trois lettres à jean-frédéric de hanovre sur le problème de la liberté.Leibniz au Duc Jean-Frédéric - 2002 - Philosophie 75 (4):7.
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  49. Entretiens Avec Frédéric de Towarnicki.Jean Beaufret & Frédéric de Towarnicki - 1984
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  50.  29
    Living Into the Imagined Body: How the Diagnostic Image Confronts the Lived Body.Devan Stahl - 2013 - Medical Humanities 39 (1):53-58.
    In this paper I will show how the medical image, presented to the patient by the physician, participates in medicine's cold culture of abstraction, objectification and mandated normativity. I begin by giving a brief account of the use of anatomical imaging since the Renaissance to show how images have historically functioned in contrast to how they are currently used in medical practice. Next, I examine how contemporary medical imaging techniques participate in a kind of knowledge production that objectifies the human (...)
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