42 found
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  1.  33
    Illness as Unhomelike Being-in-the-World: Heidegger and the Phenomenology of Medicine. [REVIEW]Fredrik Svenaeus - 2011 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 14 (3):333-343.
    In this paper, an attempt is made to develop an understanding of the essence of illness based on a reading of Martin Heidegger’s pivotal work Being and Time. The hypothesis put forward is that a phenomenology of illness can be carried out through highlighting the concept of otherness in relation to meaningfulness. Otherness is to be understood here as a foreignness that permeates the ill life when the lived body takes on alien qualities. A further specification of this kind of (...)
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  2.  63
    The Hermeneutics of Medicine and the Phenomenology of Health: Steps Towards a Philosophy of Medical Practice.Fredrik Svenaeus - 2000 - Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    Fredrik Svenaeus' book is a delight to read. Not only does he exhibit keen understanding of a wide range of topics and figures in both medicine and philosophy, but he manages to bring them together in an innovative manner that convincingly demonstrates how deeply these two significant fields can be and, in the end, must be mutually enlightening. Medicine, Svenaeus suggests, reveals deep but rarely explicit themes whose proper comprehension invites a careful phenomenological and hermeneutical explication. Certain philosophical approaches, on (...)
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  3.  11
    Do Antidepressants Affect the Self? A Phenomenological Approach.Fredrik Svenaeus - 2007 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 10 (2):153-166.
    In this paper, I explore the questions of how and to what extent new antidepressants (selective serotonin-reuptake inhibitors, or SSRIs) could possibly affect the self. I do this by way of a phenomenological approach, using the works of Martin Heidegger and Thomas Fuchs to analyze the roles of attunement and embodiment in normal and abnormal ways of being-in-the-world. The nature of depression and anxiety disorders — the diagnoses for which treatment with antidepressants is most commonly indicated — is also explored (...)
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  4.  5
    The Relationship Between Empathy and Sympathy in Good Health Care.Fredrik Svenaeus - 2015 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 18 (2):267-277.
  5. Empathy as a Necessary Condition of Phronesis: A Line of Thought for Medical Ethics.Fredrik Svenaeus - 2014 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 17 (2):293-299.
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  6.  8
    The Phenomenology of Health and Illness.Fredrik Svenaeus - 2001 - In Kay Toombs (ed.), Handbook of Phenomenology and Medicine. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 87--108.
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  7. Hermeneutics of Medicine in the Wake of Gadamer: The Issue of Phronesis.Fredrik Svenaeus - 2003 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 24 (5):407-431.
    The relevance of the Aristotelian concept ofphronesis – practical wisdom – for medicine and medical ethics has been much debated during the last two decades. This paper attempts to show how Aristotle’s practical philosophy was of central importance toHans-Georg Gadamer and to the development of his philosophical hermeneutics, and how,accordingly, the concept of phronesiswill be central to a Gadamerian hermeneutics of medicine. If medical practice is conceived of as an interpretative meeting between doctor and patient with the aim of restoring (...)
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  8.  54
    The Body Uncanny — Further Steps Towards a Phenomenology of Illness.Fredrik Svenaeus - 2000 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 3 (2):125-137.
    This article is an attempt to analyse the experience of embodiment in illness. Drawing upon Heidegger' sphenomenology and the suggestion that illness can be understood as unhomelike being-in-the-world, I try to show how the way we live our own bodies in illness is experienced precisely as unhomelike. The body is alien, yet, at the same time, myself. It involves biological processes beyond my control, but these processes still belong to me as lived by me. This a priori otherness of the (...)
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  9.  39
    Das Unheimliche €“ Towards a Phenomenology of Illness.Fredrik Svenaeus - 2000 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 3 (1):3-16.
    In this article I aim at developing a phenomenology ofillness through a critical interpretation of the worksof Sigmund Freud and Martin Heidegger. The phenomenonof ``Unheimlichkeit'' – uncanniness and unhomelikeness– is demonstrated not only to play a key role in thetheories of Freud and Heidegger, but also toconstitute the essence of the experience of illness.Two different modes of unhomelikeness – ``The minduncanny'' and ``The world uncanny'' – are in thisconnection explored as constitutive parts of thephenomenon of illness. The consequence I draw (...)
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  10. The Body as Gift, Resource or Commodity? Heidegger and the Ethics of Organ Transplantation.Fredrik Svenaeus - 2010 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 7 (2):163-172.
    Three metaphors appear to guide contemporary thinking about organ transplantation. Although the gift is the sanctioned metaphor for donating organs, the underlying perspective from the side of the state, authorities and the medical establishment often seems to be that the body shall rather be understood as a resource . The acute scarcity of organs, which generates a desperate demand in relation to a group of potential suppliers who are desperate to an equal extent, leads easily to the gift’s becoming, in (...)
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  11.  31
    The Ethics of Self-Change: Becoming Oneself by Way of Antidepressants or Psychotherapy? [REVIEW]Fredrik Svenaeus - 2009 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 12 (2):169-178.
    This paper explores the differences between bringing about self-change by way of antidepressants versus psychotherapy from an ethical point of view, taking its starting point in the concept of authenticity. Given that the new antidepressants (SSRIs) are able not only to cure psychiatric disorders but also to bring about changes in the basic temperament structure of the person—changes in self-feeling—does it matter if one brings about such changes of the self by way of antidepressants or by way of psychotherapy? Are (...)
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  12.  80
    What is an Organ? Heidegger and the Phenomenology of Organ Transplantation.Fredrik Svenaeus - 2010 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 31 (3):179-196.
    This paper investigates the question of what an organ is from a phenomenological perspective. Proceeding from the phenomenology of being-in-the-world developed by Heidegger in Being and Time and subsequent works, it compares the being of the organ with the being of the tool. It attempts to display similarities and differences between the embodied nature of the organs and the way tools of the world are handled. It explicates the way tools belong to the totalities of things of the world that (...)
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  13.  64
    The Relevance of Heidegger's Philosophy of Technology for Biomedical Ethics.Fredrik Svenaeus - 2013 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 34 (1):1-15.
    Heidegger’s thoughts on modern technology have received much attention in many disciplines and fields, but, with a few exceptions, the influence has been sparse in biomedical ethics. The reason for this might be that Heidegger’s position has been misinterpreted as being generally hostile towards modern science and technology, and the fact that Heidegger himself never subjected medical technologies to scrutiny but was concerned rather with industrial technology and information technology. In this paper, Heidegger’s philosophy of modern technology is introduced and (...)
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  14. The Phenomenology of Falling Ill: An Explication, Critique and Improvement of Sartre's Theory of Embodiment and Alienation. [REVIEW]Fredrik Svenaeus - 2009 - Human Studies 32 (1):53 - 66.
    In this paper I develop a phenomenology of falling ill by presenting, interpreting and developing the basic model we find in Jean-Paul Sartre’s Being and Nothingness ( 1956 ). The three steps identified by Sartre in this process are analysed, developed further and brought to a five-step model: (1) pre-reflective experience of discomfort, (2) lived, bodily discomfort, (3) suffered illness, (4) disease pondering, and (5) disease state. To fall ill is to fall victim to a gradual process of alienation, and (...)
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  15.  23
    The Phenomenology of Empathy: A Steinian Emotional Account.Fredrik Svenaeus - 2016 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 15 (2):227-245.
    This paper presents a phenomenological account of empathy inspired by the proposal put forward by Edith Stein in her book On the Problem of Empathy, published originally 1917. By way of explicating Stein’s views, the paper aims to present a characterization of empathy that is in some aspects similar to, but yet essentially different from contemporary simulationist theories of empathy. An attempt is made to show that Stein’s proposal articulates the essential ingredients and steps involved in empathy and that her (...)
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  16.  22
    The Phenomenology of Suffering in Medicine and Bioethics.Fredrik Svenaeus - 2014 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 35 (6):407-420.
    This article develops a phenomenology of suffering with an emphasis on matters relevant to medical practice and bioethics. An attempt is made to explain how suffering can involve many different things—bodily pains, inability to carry out everyday actions, and failure to realize core life values—and yet be a distinct phenomenon. Proceeding from and expanding upon analyses found in the works of Eric Cassell and Elaine Scarry, suffering is found to be a potentially alienating mood overcoming the person and engaging her (...)
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  17.  94
    A Heideggerian Defense of Therapeutic Cloning.Fredrik Svenaeus - 2007 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 28 (1):31-62.
    Debates about the legitimacy of embryonic stem-cell research have largely focused on the type of ethical value that should be accorded to the human embryo in␣vitro. In this paper, I try to show that, to broaden the scope of these debates, one needs to articulate an ontology that does not limit itself to biological accounts, but that instead focuses on the embryo’s place in a totality of relevance surrounding and guiding a human practice. Instead of attempting to substantiate the ethical (...)
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  18.  1
    The Phenomenology of Falling Ill: An Explication, Critique and Improvement of Sartre’s Theory of Embodiment and Alienation.Fredrik Svenaeus - 2009 - Human Studies 32 (1):53-66.
    In this paper I develop a phenomenology of falling ill by presenting, interpreting and developing the basic model we find in Jean-Paul Sartre's Being and Nothingness. The three steps identified by Sartre in this process are analysed, developed further and brought to a five- step model: pre-reflective experience of discomfort, lived, bodily discomfort, suffered illness, disease pondering, and disease state. To fall ill is to fall victim to a gradual process of alienation, and with each step this alienating process is (...)
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  19.  23
    Depression and the Self Bodily Resonance and Attuned Being-in-the-World.Fredrik Svenaeus - 2013 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 20 (7-8):7-8.
    This paper will explore the relationship between selfhood and depression, by focusing upon the lived body's capacity to 'resonate'with the world and thus open up an 'attuned' space of meaning. Persons will become differently tuned in different situations because they embody different patterns of resonance -- what is most often referred to as different temperaments -- but the self may also suffer from idiosyncrasies in mood profile that develop into deficiencies of resonance, making the person in question ill. In many (...)
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  20.  19
    Lazare Benaroyo Alex John London Universite de Lausanne Carnegie Mellon University Jeff Blustein Jeff McMahan Albert Einstein College of Medicine Rutgers.E. Christian Brugger, Donald Marquis, Thomas Cavanaugh, James Nelson, Tod Chambers, Lennart Nordenfelt, James Childress, Anders Nordgren, Kai Draper & Fredrik Svenaeus - 2006 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 27:1.
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  21.  70
    The Truthfulness of Psychoanalysis.Fredrik Svenaeus - 2000 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 21 (4):355-360.
    This paper is a review article of Elyn R. Saks's book "Interpreting Interpretation: The Limits of Hermeneutic Psychoanalysis" published in 1999. In the article Saks's approach is criticized for lacking a proper background understanding of hermeneutics and its place in psychoanalysis. Psychoanalysis, whether we name it hermeneutic or not, will always deal with both meanings and causes. The role of hermeneutics in psychoanalysis can, thus, not be to get rid of the metapsychology of the unconscious altogether, but rather to stress (...)
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  22.  26
    Anorexia Nervosa and the Body Uncanny: A Phenomenological Approach.Fredrik Svenaeus - 2013 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 20 (1):81-91.
    Anorexia nervosa is a psychiatric disorder that seems to be closely related to the identity of the person suffering from it. This is referred to in the vast literature on anorexia nervosa by specifying the quality of symptoms as ‘egosyntonic’ (e.g., Vitousek, Watson, and Wilson 1998). The pursuit of excessive thinness is part of a search for identity in which the control of the body—its size and needs—becomes central (Gillett 2009). This need for control seems to be triggered by a (...)
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  23.  25
    Naturalistic and Phenomenological Theories of Health: Distinctions and Connections.Fredrik Svenaeus - 2013 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 72:221-238.
    In this paper I present and compare the ideas behind naturalistic theories of health on the one hand and phenomenological theories of health on the other. The basic difference between the two sets of theories is no doubt that whereas naturalistic theories claim to rest on value neutral concepts, such as normal biological function, the phenomenological suggestions for theories of health take their starting point in what is often named intentionality: meaningful stances taken by the embodied person in experiencing and (...)
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  24.  10
    The Phenomenology of Chronic Pain: Embodiment and Alienation.Fredrik Svenaeus - 2015 - Continental Philosophy Review 48 (2):107-122.
    This article develops a phenomenological exploration of chronic pain from a first-person perspective that can serve to enrich the medical third-person perspective. The experience of chronic pain is found to be a feeling in which we become alienated from the workings of our own bodies. The bodily-based mood of alienation is extended, however, in penetrating the whole world of the chronic pain sufferer, making her entire life unhomelike. Furthermore, the pain mood not only opens up the world as having an (...)
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  25.  30
    Review Article – Phenomenological Ethics: Potentials and Pitfalls.Fredrik Svenaeus - 2004 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 7 (1):109-112.
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  26.  17
    The Body as Alien, Unhomelike, and Uncanny: Some Further Clarifications.Fredrik Svenaeus - 2013 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 20 (1):99-101.
    I want to thank the commentators for bringing the phenomenological analysis of anorexia that I attempted in my article yet some steps further. Phenomenology of illness is a young field and in the case of anorexia there remains much to be said and done. ‘Capturing the “double experience,” the paradoxicality embodied in anorexia,’ was exactly my aim and I am grateful to Drew Leder for bringing home many of my points in such an explicit and systematic manner (Leder 2013, 94). (...)
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  27.  11
    Psychopharmacology and the Self: An Introduction to the Theme. [REVIEW]Fredrik Svenaeus - 2007 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 10 (2):115-117.
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  28.  17
    Wittgensteinian Perspectives on Bioethics.Fredrik Svenaeus - 2001 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 4 (1):97-99.
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  29.  1
    Self and Other: Exploring Subjectivity, Empathy, and Shame, Written by Dan Zahavi.Fredrik Svenaeus - 2016 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 47 (1):83-89.
  30.  5
    Diagnosing Mental Disorders and Saving the Normal.Fredrik Svenaeus - 2014 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 17 (2):241-244.
  31.  1
    The Phenomenology of Empathy in Medicine: An Introduction.Fredrik Svenaeus - 2014 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 17 (2):245-248.
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  32.  4
    Phenomenology and Psychiatry: A Contemporary Diagnosis Introducing the Work of Thomas Fuchs.Fredrik Svenaeus - 2005 - SATS 6 (2):202-211.
  33.  4
    Philosophical Aspects on Emotions, Ed. Åsa Carlson, Stockholm: Thales, 2005. 351 Pp. [REVIEW]Fredrik Svenaeus - 2005 - SATS 6 (2).
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  34.  3
    Spöket I Arkivet:[Recension Av:] Jacques Derridas Mal d'Archive: Une Impression Freudienne.Fredrik Svenaeus - 1998 - Res Publica 39.
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  35.  3
    Alexithymia: A Phenomenological Approach.Fredrik Svenaeus - 1999 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 6 (2):71-82.
  36.  1
    Our Strange Body: Philosophical Reflections on Identity and Medical Intervention, Written by Jenny Slatman.Fredrik Svenaeus - 2015 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 46 (1):135-138.
  37.  1
    Medical Technologies and the Life World: An Introduction to the Theme. [REVIEW]Fredrik Svenaeus - 2009 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 12 (2):121-123.
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  38.  1
    Response to the Commentaries.Fredrik Svenaeus - 1999 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 6 (2):105-107.
  39.  1
    Radikal Översättning: Berättelsen Om En Utrotad Indianstam.Fredrik Svenaeus - 1999 - Res Publica 44:127-132.
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  40. Filosofi som xenologi: främlingsskap som tema i nya fenomenologiska studier.Fredrik Svenaeus - 2001 - Norsk Filosofisk Tidsskrift 4.
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  41. Naturalistic and Phenomenological Theories of Health: Distinctions and Connections: Fredrik Svenaeus.Fredrik Svenaeus - 2013 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 72:221-238.
    In this paper I present and compare the ideas behind naturalistic theories of health on the one hand and phenomenological theories of health on the other. The basic difference between the two sets of theories is no doubt that whereas naturalistic theories claim to rest on value neutral concepts, such as normal biological function, the phenomenological suggestions for theories of health take their starting point in what is often named intentionality: meaningful stances taken by the embodied person in experiencing and (...)
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  42. Scientific Contribution.Fredrik Svenaeus - 2000 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 3:125-137.
     
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