Results for 'Fritz Walther'

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  1.  16
    Der Deutsche Idealismus und die Geschichte.Fritz Marti & Walther Schonfeld - 1937 - Journal of Philosophy 34 (10):268.
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  2. “Astonishing Successes” and “Bitter Disappointment”: The Specific Heat of Hydrogen in Quantum Theory.Clayton A. Gearhart - 2010 - Archive for History of Exact Sciences 64 (2):113-202.
    The specific heat of hydrogen gas at low temperatures was first measured in 1912 by Arnold Eucken in Walther Nernst’s laboratory in Berlin, and provided one of the earliest experimental supports for the new quantum theory. Even earlier, Nernst had developed a quantum theory of rotating diatomic gas molecules that figured in the discussions at the first Solvay conference in late 1911. Between 1913 and 1925, Albert Einstein, Paul Ehrenfest, Max Planck, Fritz Reiche, and Erwin Schrödinger, among many (...)
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  3.  17
    "Effect Size Estimates: Current Use, Calculations, and Interpretation": Correction to Fritz Et Al.Catherine O. Fritz, Peter E. Morris & Jennifer J. Richler - 2012 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 141 (1):30-30.
  4. Fritz Kern 1884-1950 : Universalhistoriker U. Philosoph : Hinweis Auf E. Unveröffentlichten Nachlass.Fritz Kern - 1980 - Röhracheid.
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  5.  20
    Aristoteles-Erwähnungen im Mittelalter: Fritz Wagner.Fritz Wagner - 1987 - In Vivian Nutton, Jutta Kolesh, H. J. Lulofs & Jürgen Wiesner (eds.), Kommentierung, Überlieferung, Nachleben. De Gruyter. pp. 498-514.
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  6. Ein zeitgenössischer Bericht über Schopenhauers Tod. Mitgeteilt von Walther Rauschenberger.Walther Rauschenberger - 1943 - Schopenhauer Jahrbuch:214-214.
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  7.  6
    Empedokles. By Walther Kranz. Pp. 392, 3 pll. Zürich: Artemis-Verlag, 1949. Sw. Fr. 13.80.H. J. Rose & Walther Kranz - 1953 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 73:197-197.
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  8. Randfiguren: Spinoza-Inspirationen: Festgabe für Manfred Walther.Manfred Walther, Felicitas Englisch, Manfred Lauermann & Maria-Brigitta Schröder (eds.) - 2005 - Wehrhahn.
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  9.  35
    Fritz Medicus (1876-1956).Fritz Marti - 1970 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 8 (1):3-13.
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  10.  1
    Fritz Medicus.Fritz Marti - 1970 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 8 (1):3-13.
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  11. Fritz Mauthner, Sprache Und Leben Ausgewählte Texte Aus Dem Philosophischen Werk.Fritz Mauthner & Gershon Weiler - 1986
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  12.  1
    Neeff, Fritz, Kausalität und Originalität.Fritz Neeff - 1920 - Kant-Studien 24 (1).
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  13. Comments on Fritz Kaufmann's Paper.Fritz Heider - 1946 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 7:374.
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  14.  34
    Changing Likes and Dislikes Through the Back Door: The US-Revaluation Effect.Eva Walther, Bertram Gawronski, Hartmut Blank & Tina Langer - 2009 - Cognition and Emotion 23 (5):889-917.
  15. Pluralistic Ontology and Theory Reduction in the Physical Sciences.Fritz Rohrlich - 1988 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 39 (3):295-312.
    It is demonstrated that the reduction of a physical theory S to another one, T, in the sense that S can be derived from T holds in general only for the mathematical framework. The interpretation of S and the associated central terms cannot all be derived from those of T because of the qualitative differences between the cognitive levels of S and T. Their cognitively autonomous status leads to an epistemic as well as an ontological pluralism. This pluralism is consistent (...)
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  16.  43
    Computer Simulation in the Physical Sciences.Fritz Rohrlich - 1990 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1990:507-518.
    Computer simulation is shown to be philosophically interesting because it introduces a qualitatively new methodology for theory construction in science different from the conventional two components of "theory" and "experiment and/or observation". This component is "experimentation with theoretical models." Two examples from the physical sciences are presented for the purpose of demonstration but it is claimed that the biological and social sciences permit similar theoretical model experiments. Furthermore, computer simulation permits theoretical models for the evolution of physical systems which use (...)
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  17.  48
    Fritz Jahr's 1927 Concept of Bioethics.Hans-Martin Sass - 2007 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 17 (4):279-295.
    : In 1927, Fritz Jahr, a Protestant pastor, philosopher, and educator in Halle an der Saale, published an article entitled "Bio-Ethics: A Review of the Ethical Relationships of Humans to Animals and Plants" and proposed a "Bioethical Imperative," extending Kant's moral imperative to all forms of life. Reviewing new physiological knowledge of his times and moral challenges associated with the development of secular and pluralistic societies, Jahr redefines moral obligations towards human and nonhuman forms of life, outlining the concept (...)
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  18.  31
    Research Ethics in Internet-Enabled Research: Human Subjects Issues and Methodological Myopia. [REVIEW]Joseph B. Walther - 2002 - Ethics and Information Technology 4 (3):205-216.
    As Internet resources are usedmore frequently for research on social andpsychological behavior, concerns grow aboutwhether characteristics of such research affecthuman subjects protections. Early efforts toaddress such concerns have done more toidentify potential problems than to evaluatethem or to seek solutions, leaving bodiescharged with human subjects oversight in aquagmire. This article critiques some of theseissues in light of the US Code of FederalRegulations' policies for the Protection ofHuman Subjects, and argues that some of theissues have no pertinence when examined in thecontext (...)
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  19.  11
    Evaluative Conditioning in Social Psychology: Facts and Speculations.Eva Walther, Benjamin Nagengast & Claudia Trasselli - 2005 - Cognition and Emotion 19 (2):175-196.
  20.  42
    Gerda Walther: On the Possibility of a Passive Sense of Community and the Inner Time Consciousness of Community.Antonio Calcagno - 2012 - Symposium 16 (2):89-105.
    If community is determined primarily in consciousness as a mental state of oneness, can community exist when there is no accompanying mental state or collective intentionality that makes us realise that we are one community? Walther would respond affirmatively, arguing that there is a deep psychological structure of habit that allows us to continue to experience ourselves as a community. The habit of community works on all levels of our person, including our bodies, psyches and spirits. It allows us (...)
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  21.  97
    Ethics in Neuroscience Curricula: A Survey of Australia, Canada, Germany, the UK, and the US.Gerald Walther - 2013 - Neuroethics 6 (2):343-351.
    This paper analyses ethical training in neuroscience curricula at universities in Australia, Canada, Germany, the United States and the United Kingdom. The main findings are that 52 % of all courses have ethical training available, while in 82 % of those cases, the training is mandatory. In terms of specific contents of the teaching, ethical issues about ‘animal subjects and human participation in research’, ‘scientific misconduct’, and ‘treatment of data’ were the most prominent. A special emphasis during the research was (...)
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  22.  62
    Established Theories.Fritz Rohrlich & Larry Hardin - 1983 - Philosophy of Science 50 (4):603-617.
    Criteria are given to characterize mature theories in contradistinction to developing theories. We lean heavily on the physical sciences. An established theory is defined as a mature one with known validity limits. The approximate truth of such theories is thereby given a quantitative character. Superseding theories do not falsify established theories because the latter are protected by their validity limits. This view of scientific realism leads to ontological levels and cumulativity of knowledge. It is applied to a defense of realism (...)
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  23.  10
    Eingesandte Literatur: Hamburg - Mainz - Marburg: Stationen eines Wissenschaftshistorikers. Festakt anläßlich der Pensionierung von Prof. Dr. Fritz Krafft von Katja Schmiederer. [REVIEW]Fritz Krafft - 2003 - Berichte Zur Wissenschafts-Geschichte 26 (3):232-232.
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  24.  18
    Fritz Jahr and the Foundations of Global Bioethics: The Future of Integrative Bioethics.Amir Muzur, Hans-Martin Sass & Fritz Jahr (eds.) - 2012 - Lit.
    The book includes all 15 long forgotten articles on bioethics and ethics written by Jahr from 1927 to 1947 in English translation. (Series: Practical Ethics / Ethik in der Praxis - Studies / Studien - Vol. 37).
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  25.  33
    The Logic of Reduction: The Case of Gravitation. [REVIEW]Fritz Rohrlich - 1989 - Foundations of Physics 19 (10):1151-1170.
    The reduction from Einstein's to Newton's gravitation theories (and intermediate steps) is used to exemplify reduction in physical theories. Both dimensionless and dimensional reduction are presented, and the advantages and disadvantages of each are pointed out. It is concluded that neither a completely reductionist nor a completely antireductionist view can be maintained. Only the mathematical structure is strictly reducible. The interpretation (the model, the central concepts) of the superseded theory T′ can at best only partially be derived directly from the (...)
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  26. A Logic for Epistemic Two-Dimensional Semantics.Peter Fritz - 2013 - Synthese 190 (10):1753-1770.
    Epistemic two-dimensional semantics is a theory in the philosophy of language that provides an account of meaning which is sensitive to the distinction between necessity and apriority. While this theory is usually presented in an informal manner, I take some steps in formalizing it in this paper. To do so, I define a semantics for a propositional modal logic with operators for the modalities of necessity, actuality, and apriority that captures the relevant ideas of epistemic two-dimensional semantics. I also describe (...)
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  27.  2
    Social Acts and Communities: Walther Between Husserl and Reinach.Alessandro Salice & Genki Uemura - 2018 - In Antonio Calcagno (ed.), Gerda Walther’s Phenomenology of Sociality, Psychology, and Religion. Springer Verlag. pp. 27-46.
    The chapter contextualizes and reconstructs Walther’s theory of social acts. In her view a given act qualifies as social if it is performed in the name of or on behalf of a community. Interestingly, Walther’s understanding of that notion is patently at odds with the idea of a social act originally propounded by Reinach. According to Reinach, an act is social if it “addresses” other persons and if it, for its success, requires them to grasp it. We claim (...)
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  28.  3
    Integrating Philosophy, Policy and Practice to Create a Just and Fair Health Service.Zoe Fritz & Caitríona L. Cox - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (12):797-802.
    To practise ‘fairly and justly’ a clinician must balance the needs of both the many and the few: the individual patient in front of them, and the many unseen patients in the waiting room, and in the county. They must consider the immediate clinical needs of those in the present, and how their actions will impact on future patients. The good medical practice guidance ‘Make the care of your patient your first concern’ provides no guidance on how doctors should act (...)
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  29.  15
    Rural Bioethics: The Alaska Context.Fritz Allhoff & Luke Golemon - 2020 - HEC Forum 32 (4):313-331.
    With by far the lowest population density in the United States, myriad challenges attach to healthcare delivery in Alaska. In the “Size, Population, and Accessibility” section, we characterize this geographic context, including how it is exacerbated by lack of infrastructure. In the “Distributing Healthcare” section, we turn to healthcare economics and staffing, showing how these bear on delivery—and are exacerbated by geography. In the “Health Care in Rural Alaska” section, we turn to rural care, exploring in more depth what healthcare (...)
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  30.  38
    Printing Insecurity? The Security Implications of 3D-Printing of Weapons.Gerald Walther - 2015 - Science and Engineering Ethics 21 (6):1435-1445.
    In 2013, the first gun printed out of plastic by a 3D-printer was successfully fired in the US. This event caused a major media hype about the dangers of being able to print a gun. Law enforcement agencies worldwide were concerned about this development and the potentially huge security implications of these functional plastic guns. As a result, politicians called for a ban of these weapons and a control of 3D-printing technology. This paper reviews the security implications of 3D-printing technology (...)
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  31.  56
    Fritz Jahr: The Invention of Bioethics and Beyond.Iva Rinčić & Amir Muzur - 2011 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 54 (4):550-556.
    In 1997, thanks to a conference paper by Rolf Löther of Berlin Humboldt University, the name of Fritz Jahr (1895-1953) was mentioned for the first time as the creator of the term and concept of bioethics (Bio-Ethik). As yet, Hans-Martin Sass of the Kennedy Institute of Ethics has been the only one to analyze Jahr's ideas more thoroughly, dedicating to the subject a series of papers (see Sass 2007). In December 2010, a collection of 15 papers by Jahr was (...)
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  32. What is the Correct Logic of Necessity, Actuality and Apriority?Peter Fritz - 2014 - Review of Symbolic Logic 7 (3):385-414.
    This paper is concerned with a propositional modal logic with operators for necessity, actuality and apriority. The logic is characterized by a class of relational structures defined according to ideas of epistemic two-dimensional semantics, and can therefore be seen as formalizing the relations between necessity, actuality and apriority according to epistemic two-dimensional semantics. We can ask whether this logic is correct, in the sense that its theorems are all and only the informally valid formulas. This paper gives outlines of two (...)
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  33. Cognitive Scientific Realism.Fritz Rohrlich - 2001 - Philosophy of Science 68 (2):185-202.
    Our cognitive capabilities force us into a description of the world by levels. But theories on different levels result in descriptions that differ qualitatively. Therefore, the resulting incommensurability requires ontological bridges between such theories. These are obtained uniquely when the equations of the reduced theory are compared with a suitable limit of the equations of the reducing theory. Four case studies from theoretical physics and astronomy support this claim, two for theories of composites and two for non-composites (field theories). These (...)
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  34.  15
    The Different Routes to Social Judgments: Experiential Versus Informational Strategies.Fritz Strack - 1992 - In L. Martin & A. Tesser (eds.), The Construction of Social Judgments. Lawrence Erlbaum. pp. 249--275.
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  35. Modal Ontology and Generalized Quantifiers.Peter Fritz - 2013 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 42 (4):643-678.
    Timothy Williamson has argued that in the debate on modal ontology, the familiar distinction between actualism and possibilism should be replaced by a distinction between positions he calls contingentism and necessitism. He has also argued in favor of necessitism, using results on quantified modal logic with plurally interpreted second-order quantifiers showing that necessitists can draw distinctions contingentists cannot draw. Some of these results are similar to well-known results on the relative expressivity of quantified modal logics with so-called inner and outer (...)
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  36. The Conception of Disease: Its History, its Versions, and its Nature.Walther Riese - 1953 - New York: Philosophical Library.
  37.  54
    The Intellectual Field, Intellectual History, and the Sociology of Knowledge.Fritz Ringer - 1990 - Theory and Society 19 (3):269-294.
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  38.  53
    Organizational Ethical Standards and Organizational Commitment.Janie M. Harden Fritz, Ronald C. Arnett & Michele Conkel - 1999 - Journal of Business Ethics 20 (4):289 - 299.
    Organizations interested in employee ethics compliance face the problem of conflict between employee and organizational ethical standards. Socializing new employees is one way of assuring compliance. Important for longer term employees as well as new ones, however, is making those standards visible and then operable in the daily life of an organization. This study, conducted in one large organization, found that, depending on organizational level, awareness of an organization's ethical standards is predicted by managerial adherence to and organizational compliance with (...)
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  39.  15
    There is Good Physics in Theory Reduction.Fritz Rohrlich - 1990 - Foundations of Physics 20 (11):1399-1412.
    Theory reduction is analyzed and examples are presented from various branches of physics. The procedure takes different forms in different theories. Examples from various theories are arranged in increasing order of difficulty. Special emphasis is placed on the quantum to classical reduction. It is argued that there is good and interesting physics in theory reduction and that it deserves more attention than it has been receiving in the past.
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  40. On the Autonomy and Justification of Nanoethics.Fritz Allhoff - 2007 - NanoEthics 1 (3):185-210.
    In this paper, I take a critical stance on the emerging field of nanoethics. After an introductory section, “Conceptual Foundations of Nanotechnology” considers the conceptual foundations of nanotechnology, arguing that nanoethics can only be as coherent as nanotechnology itself and then discussing concerns with this latter concept; the conceptual foundations of nanoethics are then explicitly addressed in “Conceptual Foundations of Nanoethics”. “Issues in Nanoethics” considers ethical issues that will be raised through nanotechnology and, in “What’s New?”, it is argued that (...)
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  41.  43
    Fritz Jahr's Bioethical Imperative.Ivana Zagorac - 2011 - Synthesis Philosophica 26 (1):141-150.
    It seems that the revitalisation of Fritz Jahr’s thought has come just at the right time. During the course of its rapid development, bioethics managed to assume different forms, but also to become both reduced in its underlying intention and hyper-specialised in its theoretical and practical aspects. Summed up in his bioethical imperative, Fritz Jahr’s thought prompts us to re-examine both its underlying intention and its field of interest. Accordingly, this paper centres on Jahr’s bioethical imperative, its origins, (...)
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  42.  33
    Terrorism, Ticking Time-Bombs, and Torture: A Philosophical Analysis.Fritz Allhoff - 2012 - University of Chicago Press.
    In Terrorism, Ticking Time-Bombs, and Torture, Fritz Allhoff demonstrates the weakness of the case against torture; while allowing that torture constitutes a moral wrong, he nevertheless argues that, in exceptional cases, it represents the ...
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  43.  4
    Die Sculpturen des Vaticanischen Museums.Walther Amelung - 1904 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 24:170.
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  44. ""From" Potestas Multitudinis" in Suárez to" Potentia Multitudinis" in Spinoza. The Foundation of Democracy Inverted.Manfred Walther - 2008 - Studia Spinozana: An International and Interdisciplinary Series 16:129-154.
     
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  45.  48
    Causality and the Arrow of Classical Time.Fritz Rohrlich - 2000 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 31 (1):1-13.
    It is claimed that the `problem of the arrow of time in classical dynamics' has been solved. Since all classical particles have a self-field (gravitational and in some cases also electromagnetic), their dynamics must include self-interaction. This fact and the observation that the domain of validity of classical physics is restricted to distances not less than of the order of a Compton wavelength (thus excluding point particles), leads to the conclusion that the fundamental classical equations of motion are not invariant (...)
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  46. Germ-Line Genetic Enhancement and Rawlsian Primary Goods.Fritz Allhoff - 2005 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 15 (1):39-56.
    : Genetic interventions raise a host of moral issues and, of its various species, germ-line genetic enhancement is the most morally contentious. This paper surveys various arguments against germ-line enhancement and attempts to demonstrate their inadequacies. A positive argument is advanced in favor of certain forms of germ-line enhancements, which holds that they are morally permissible if and only if they augment Rawlsian primary goods, either directly or by facilitating their acquisition.
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  47.  40
    Freiheitsentziehende Maßnahmen in Altenpflegeheimen – rechtliche Grundlagen und Alternativen der Pflege.Guy Walther - 2007 - Ethik in der Medizin 19 (4):289-300.
    Freiheitsentziehende Maßnahmen in Altenpflegeheimen sind unter pflegerischen und ethischen, aber auch betreuungsrechtlichen und vor allem strafrechtlichen Gesichtspunkten von besonderer Bedeutung. Häufig sind eingeschränkte Mobilität, Verringerung der kognitiven Funktionen, große Hilfsbedürftigkeit des älteren Menschen der auslösende Faktor für den Einsatz derartiger Einschränkungen. Daneben gibt es jedoch Hinweise, dass die Anwendung freiheitsentziehender Maßnahmen auch mit organisatorischen Abläufen in Altenpflegeeinrichtungen zusammenhängt. Der vorliegende Beitrag diskutiert, wieweit freiheitsentziehende und freiheitsbeschränkende Maßnahmen bei alten Menschen überhaupt zulässig sind und zeigt auf, dass die Entwicklung von alternativen (...)
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  48.  44
    The Coming Era of Nanomedicine.Fritz Allhoff - 2009 - American Journal of Bioethics 9 (10):3-11.
    This essay presents some general background on nanomedicine, particularly focusing on some of the investment that is being made in this emerging field. The bulk of the essay, however, consists of explorations of two areas in which the impacts of nanomedicine are likely to be most significant: diagnostics and medical records and treatment, including surgery and drug delivery. Each discussion includes a survey some of the ethical and social issues that are likely to arise in these applications.
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  49.  18
    Bildung: The Social and Ideological Context of the German Historical Tradition.Fritz Ringer - 1989 - History of European Ideas 10 (2):193-202.
  50.  26
    Review Symposium: Four Perspectives on Karl Rahner's Theological Aesthetics, by Peter Joseph Fritz, Followed by a Response From the Author. [REVIEW]Judith Wolfe, Gesa Thiessen, Robert Masson, Mark F. Fischer & Peter Joseph Fritz - 2017 - Philosophy and Theology 29 (2):485-506.
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