Results for 'Functional Analysis'

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  1.  59
    Functional Analysis and Mechanistic Explanation.David Barrett - 2014 - Synthese 191 (12):2695-2714.
    Piccinini and Craver (Synthese 183:283–311, 2011) argue for the surprising view that psychological explanation, properly understood, is a species of mechanistic explanation. This contrasts with the ‘received view’ (due, primarily, to Cummins and Fodor) which maintains a sharp distinction between psychological explanation and mechanistic explanation. The former is typically construed as functional analysis, the analysis of some psychological capacity into an organized series of subcapacities without specifying any of the structural features that underlie the explanandum capacity. The (...)
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  2.  80
    Functional Analysis and the Autonomy of Psychology.Uljana Feest - 2003 - Philosophy of Science 70 (5):937-948.
    This paper examines the notion that psychology is autonomous. It is argued that we need to distinguish between (a) the question of whether psychological explanations are autonomous, and (b) the question of whether the process of psychological discovery is autonomous. The issue is approached by providing a reinterpretation of Robert Cummins's notion of functional analysis (FA). A distinction is drawn between FA as an explanatory strategy and FA as an investigative strategy. It is argued that the identification of (...)
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  3.  56
    Clark Hull, Robert Cummins, and Functional Analysis.Ron Amundson & Laurence D. Smith - 1984 - Philosophy of Science 51 (December):657-666.
    Robert Cummins has recently used the program of Clark Hull to illustrate the effects of logical positivist epistemology upon psychological theory. On Cummins's account, Hull's theory is best understood as a functional analysis, rather than a nomological subsumption. Hull's commitment to the logical positivist view of explanation is said to have blinded him to this aspect of this theory, and thus restricted its scope. We will argue that this interpretation of Hull's epistemology, though common, is mistaken. Hull's epistemological (...)
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  4.  35
    Functional Analysis and the Species Design.Karen Neander - forthcoming - Synthese:1-22.
    This paper argues that a minimal notion of function and a notion of normal-proper function are used in explaining how bodies and brains operate. Neither is Cummins’ notion, as originally defined, and yet his is often taken to be the clearly relevant notion for such an explanatory context. This paper also explains how adverting to normal-proper functions, even if these are selected functions, can play a significant scientific role in the operational explanations of complex systems that physiologists and neurophysiologists provide, (...)
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  5.  54
    Dispositions and Functions: Cummins on Functional Analysis[REVIEW]Douglas E. Ehring - 1985 - Erkenntnis 23 (November):243-249.
  6. Functional Analysis.Robert C. Cummins - 1975 - Journal of Philosophy 72 (November):741-64.
  7.  78
    Functional Analysis and Etiology.Ron McClamrock - 1993 - Erkenntnis 38 (2):249-260.
    Cummins (1982) argues that etiological considerations are not onlyinsufficient butirrelevant for the determination offunction. I argue that his claim of irrelevance rests on a misrepresentation of the use of functions in evolutionary explanations. I go on to suggest how accepting anetiological constraint on functional analysis might help resolve some problems involving the use of functional explanations.
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  8.  8
    A Functional Analysis of 2004 Ukrainian Presidential Debates.GivenName> L. Benoit & Andrew A. Klyukovski - 2006 - Argumentation 20 (2):209-225.
    Political leaders’ debates are an important and highly visible instances of public argumentation. As such, they merit scholarly attention. This essay applies the Functional Theory of Political Campaign Discourse to analyze televised presidential debates from the Ukraine in 2004. Overall, this analysis revealed that acclaims were the most common function, followed by attacks and then defenses. Policy was addressed more often than character in these debates, as expected. The incumbent candidate acclaimed significantly more and attacked less than the (...)
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  9. Functional Analysis and Proper Functions.Paul E. Griffiths - 1993 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 44 (3):409-422.
    The etiological approach to ‘proper functions’ in biology can be strengthened by relating it to Robert Cummins' general treatment of function ascription. The proper functions of a biological trait are the functions it is assigned in a Cummins-style functional explanation of the fitness of ancestors. These functions figure in selective explanations of the trait. It is also argued that some recent etiological theories include inaccurate accounts of selective explanation in biology. Finally, a generalization of the notion of selective explanation (...)
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  10.  5
    A Framework for the Functional Analysis of Behaviour.Alasdair I. Houston & John M. McNamara - 1988 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (1):117.
  11.  66
    Peirce's Truth-Functional Analysis and the Origin of the Truth Table.Irving H. Anellis - 2011 - History and Philosophy of Logic 33 (1):87 - 97.
    We explore the technical details and historical evolution of Charles Peirce's articulation of a truth table in 1893, against the background of his investigation into the truth-functional analysis of propositions involving implication. In 1997, John Shosky discovered, on the verso of a page of the typed transcript of Bertrand Russell's 1912 lecture on ?The Philosophy of Logical Atomism? truth table matrices. The matrix for negation is Russell's, alongside of which is the matrix for material implication in the hand (...)
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  12.  12
    Financial Functional Analysis: A Conceptual Framework for Understanding the Changing Financial System.John P. Wilson & Larry Campbell - 2016 - Journal of Economic Methodology 23 (4):413-431.
    The financial system is currently undergoing a revolution brought about by e-finance, digital convergence, new market entrants and government-encouraged competition. New market entrants such as Apple, Alibaba, Facebook and Google come from industries such as IT, retail, social media and telecoms, and, therefore, do not fit comfortably within traditional financial institutional structures. A functional perspective might provide more practical insights into this revolution; however, the functional perspective has had a limited impact. This paper will investigate the benefits and (...)
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  13.  36
    Neo-Functional Analysis: Phylogenetical Restrictions on Causal Role Functions.Predrag Šustar - 2007 - Philosophy of Science 74 (5):601-615.
    The most recent resurgence of philosophical attention to the so-called ‘functional talk' in the sciences can be summarized in terms of the following questions: (Q1) What kind of restrictions, and in particular, what kind of evolutionary restrictions as well as to what extent, is involved in functional ascriptions? (Q2) How can we account for the explanatory import of function-ascribing statements? This paper addresses these questions through a modified version of Cummins' functional analysis. The modification in question (...)
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  14.  64
    Cartesian Functional Analysis.Deborah J. Brown - 2012 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 90 (1):75 - 92.
    Despite eschewing the utility of ends or purposes in natural philosophy, Descartes frequently engages in functional explanation, which many have assumed is an essentially teleological form of explanation. This article considers the consistency of Descartes's appeal to natural functions, advancing the idea that he is utilizing a non-normative, non-teleological form of functional explanation. It will be argued that Cartesian functional analysis resembles modern causal functional analysis, and yet, by emphasizing the interdependency of parts of (...)
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  15.  31
    Neo‐Functional Analysis: Phylogenetical Restrictions on Causal Role Functions.Predrag Sustar - 2007 - Philosophy of Science 74 (5):601-615.
    The most recent resurgence of philosophical attention to the so-called ‘functional talk’ in the sciences can be summarized in terms of the following questions: (Q1) What kind of restrictions, and in particular, what kind of evolutionary restrictions as well as to what extent, are involved in functional ascriptions? (Q2) How can we account for the explanatory import of function-ascribing statements? This paper addresses these questions on the basis of a modified version of Cummins’ functional analysis. The (...)
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  16.  17
    Definability in Functional Analysis.José Iovino - 1997 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 62 (2):493-505.
    The role played by real-valued functions in functional analysis is fundamental. One often considers metrics, or seminorms, or linear functionals, to mention some important examples. We introduce the notion of definable real-valued function in functional analysis: a real-valued function f defined on a structure of functional analysis is definable if it can be "approximated" by formulas which do not involve f. We characterize definability of real-valued functions in terms of a purely topological condition which (...)
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  17. Elbow Room in a Functional Analysis: Freedom and Dignity Regained.K. Richard Garrett - 1985 - Behaviorism 13 (1):21-36.
    This paper argues that a behavioral or functional analysis of human action is compatible with human freedom. This thesis is quite contrary to what behaviorists such as B. F. Skinner as well as their critics such as D. C. Dennett have assumed to be the case. The essential argument involves three steps. First, the paper proceeds by presenting a novel analysis of intentional or mental states in terms of the principles of reinforcement. It is argued that with (...)
     
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  18.  3
    Functional Analysis and the Problem of Rationality.Roy Turner - 1966 - Inquiry 9 (1-4):262 – 273.
    Functional analysis rescued religion from the oblivion to which positiviste would have consigned it, by taking 'society' rather than the individual act as the unit of analysis. The history of functionalism has been a record of increasing concern with such holistic units as societies and social systems. One consequence of this shift away from social action (in the Weberian sense) is that the issue of rationality has become largely redundant. Yet the problem remains: How do we account (...)
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  19. How Behaviorists Treat Behavior Problems: Critical Thinking About Functional Analysis.Gregg A. Johns - 2002 - Inquiry: Critical Thinking Across the Disciplines 21 (4):23-29.
    This article presents a description of the procedures used by behavioral psychologists to intervene with behavioral excesses and deficits in educational and clinical settings. Its focus is to provide a fundamental overview of these services for the educator and direct care staff. The discussion covers the topics of functional analysis, behavioral assessment, the Stimulus-Organismic-Response-Consequence model, positive and negative reinforcement, and treatment acceptability. The importance of the educator and direct care staff member’s participation in the development of implementation of (...)
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  20.  1
    Christian Wolff’s Philosophy of Medicine: An Early Functional Analysis of Health and Disease.Matteo Favaretti Camposampiero - 2016 - Quaestio 16:75-94.
    In the late 1720s and early 1730s, Christian Wolff writes a series of short treatises on general medical concepts such as health, disease, cause of disease, symptom, etc. The paper makes the claim that these texts should be considered as a pioneering attempt at developing a systematic philosophy of medicine based on metaphysical and epistemological investigations on medical concepts, doctrines, and practices. The main focus is on Wolff’s analysis of the concepts of health and disease in functional terms (...)
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  21. Consciousness and the Zombie Within: A Functional Analysis of the Blindsight Evidence.Ullin T. Place - 2000 - In Yves Rossetti & Antti Revonsuo (eds.), Beyond Dissociation: Interaction Between Dissociated Implicit and Explicit Processing. John Benjamins.
     
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  22.  17
    Freud's Own Blend: Functional Analysis, Idiographic Explanation, and the Extension of Ordinary Psychology.Neil C. Manson - 2003 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 103 (2):179–195.
    If we are to understand why psychoanalysis extends ordinary psychology in the precise ways that it does, we must take account of the existence of, and the interplay between, two distinct kinds of explanatory concern: functional and idiographic. The form and content of psychoanalytic explanation and its unusual methodology can, at least in part, be viewed as emerging out of Freud's attempt to reconcile these two types of explanatory concern. We must also acknowledge the role of the background theoretical (...)
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  23.  1
    Freud's Own Blend: Functional Analysis, Idiographic Explanation, and the Extension of Ordinary Psychology.Neil C. Manson - 2003 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 103 (2):179-195.
    If we are to understand why psychoanalysis extends ordinary psychology in the precise ways that it does, we must take account of the existence of, and the interplay between, two distinct kinds of explanatory concern: functional and idiographic. The form and content of psychoanalytic explanation and its unusual methodology can, at least in part, be viewed as emerging out of Freud's attempt to reconcile these two types of explanatory concern. We must also acknowledge the role of the background theoretical (...)
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  24. Freud's Own Blend : Functional Analysis, Idiographic Explanation and the Extension of Ordinary Psychology.Neil C. Manson - unknown
    If we are to understand why psychoanalysis extends ordinary psychology in the precise ways that it does, we must take account of the existence of, and the interplay between, two distinct kinds of explanatory concern: functional and idiographic. The form and content of psychoanalytic explanation and its unusual methodology can, at least in part, be viewed as emerging out of Freud's attempt to reconcile these two types of explanatory concern. We must also acknowledge the role of the background theoretical (...)
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  25. Formal Analysis and Functional Analysis of Verbal Behavior: Notes on the Debate Between Chomsky and Skinner.Marc Richelle - 1976 - Behaviorism 4 (2):209-221.
  26.  1
    Constructive Functional Analysis.D. S. Bridges & Peter Zahn - 1982 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 47 (3):703-705.
  27. Language Production and Serial Order: A Functional Analysis and a Model.Gary S. Dell, Lisa K. Burger & William R. Svec - 1997 - Psychological Review 104 (1):123-147.
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  28.  16
    Philosophy of Human Nature Vs. A Functional Analysis of Behavior.George L. Newsome - 1966 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 4 (4):404-410.
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  29.  10
    The Noun Phrase in Ancient Greek (S.J.) Bakker The Noun Phrase in Ancient Greek. A Functional Analysis of the Order and Articulation of NP Constituents in Herodotus. (Amsterdam Studies in Classical Philology 15.) Pp. Xii + 322. Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2009. Cased, €114, US$169. ISBN: 978-90-04-17722-2. [REVIEW]Robert Crellin - 2011 - The Classical Review 61 (02):394-396.
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  30.  19
    A Functional Analysis of Scientific Theories.Harold I. Brown - 1979 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 10 (1):119-140.
    Scientific theories are analyzed in terms of the role that they play in science rather than in terms of their logical structure. It is maintained that theories: provide descriptions of the fundamental features of their domains; on the basis of 1, explain non-fundamental features of their domains; provide a guide for further research in their domains. Any set of propositions that carries out these functions with respect to some domain counts as a theory. This view of theories is developed and (...)
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  31.  15
    The Concept of 'Function' and Functional Analysis in Sociology.Peter A. Munch - 1976 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 6 (3):193-213.
  32.  1
    A Functional Analysis of Common and Bizarre Visual Mediators.Philip H. Marshall, Kathy Nau & Cynthia K. Chandler - 1980 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 15 (6):375-377.
  33.  18
    A Functional Analysis of Pseudo-Passives.Elizabeth Riddle & Gloria Sheintuch - 1983 - Linguistics and Philosophy 6 (4):527 - 563.
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  34.  5
    A Functional Analysis in Practice?Rebecca Mertens - 2014 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 47:210-212.
  35.  6
    Towards a Systemic Functional Analysis of Multisemiotic Mathematics Texts.Kay O’Halloran - 1999 - Semiotica 124 (1-2):1-30.
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  36.  3
    A Functional Analysis of the 2010 Australian Prime Minister Debate.William Benoit & Jennifer M. Benoit-Bryan - 2014 - Journal of Argumentation in Context 3 (2):153-168.
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  37.  10
    The Theory of Perspectives as an Interpretation of Functional Analysis.Theodore T. Lafferty - 1929 - Journal of Philosophy 26 (13):346-354.
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  38.  8
    Possibilities and Limitations of Functional Analysis of Circadian Rhythms.Michael Lohmann - 1970 - Acta Biotheoretica 19 (2):82-86.
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  39.  2
    Groups as Units of Functional Analysis, Individuals as Proximate Mechanisms.David Sloan Wilson - 2014 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 37 (3):279-280.
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  40.  6
    Functional Analysis and Self-Control.Gerald H. Paske - 1964 - Educational Theory 14 (4):314-322.
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  41.  2
    Functional Analysis and Character Transformation.Richard A. Richards - 2009 - In Manfred Laubichler & Jane Maienschein (eds.), Form and Function in Developmental Evolution. Cambridge University Press. pp. 176.
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  42.  6
    Ideology and the Functional Analysis of Cultures.Harold Fallding - 1966 - Inquiry 9 (1-4):241 – 261.
    Sociology can be free from appraising value judgments, but characterizing value judgments are inseparable from it. It is thus a science that deals with the same questions as ideology reckons with, although in a purely characterizing way. Part of its concern is to judge cultures and it does this by measuring properties inherent in them. A culture is an ordering of symbols for a meaningful, dignified life. The dimensions for measuring any culture are (1) the sufficiency of its symbols, (2) (...)
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  43.  2
    The Functional Analysis of Behaviour: Making Room for Prufrock.Felicity A. Huntingford & Neil B. Metcalfe - 1988 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (1):137.
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  44.  4
    The Functional Analysis of Behavior.Edward G. Rozycki - 1975 - Educational Theory 25 (3):278-302.
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  45.  4
    Functional Foibles and the Analysis of Social Change.Marvin B. Scott - 1966 - Inquiry 9 (1-4):205 – 214.
    Functional analysis is the major theoretical perspective of contemporary sociology. Although many fruitful studies of social structure have resulted from the application of this perspective, it has been notably sterile in coping with questions of social change. Two major shortcomings of the functionalist view of change are here examined. The first type of shortcoming might be called 'evolutionary hangovers'. Under this heading we may include 'functional ahistoricism' and a 'commitment to progress'. The second major shortcoming refers to (...)
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  46.  2
    Review: D. S. Bridges, Constructive Functional Analysis; Peter Zahn, Ein Konstruktiver Weg zur Masstheorie und Funktionalanalysis. [REVIEW]Fred Richman - 1982 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 47 (3):703-705.
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  47.  1
    Social Change and Functional Analysis: A Study in Burmese Psychocultural History.Melford E. Spiro - 1973 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 1 (3):263-297.
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  48. A Functional Analysis of Authority.J. Stacy Adams & A. Kimball Romney - 1959 - Psychological Review 66 (4):234-251.
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  49. A Functional Analysis of Indian Thought and its Social Margins.Agehananda Bharati - 1964 - Varanasi, Chowkhamba Sanskrit Series Office.
     
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  50. Functional-Analysis and Biological Causality.F. Duchesneau - 1980 - Revue Internationale de Philosophie 33 (131):229-267.
     
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