Results for 'Functions of Memory'

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  1. Decisions and the Evolution of Memory: Multiple Systems, Multiple Functions.Stan Klein, Leda Cosmides, John Tooby & Sarah Chance - 2002 - Psychological Review 109:306-329.
    Memory evolved to supply useful, timely information to the organism’s decision-making systems. Therefore, decision rules, multiple memory systems, and the search engines that link them should have coevolved to mesh in a coadapted, functionally interlocking way. This adaptationist perspective suggested the scope hypothesis: When a generalization is retrieved from semantic memory, episodic memories that are inconsistent with it should be retrieved in tandem to place boundary conditions on the scope of the generalization. Using a priming paradigm and (...)
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  2.  7
    The Myriad Functions and Metaphors of Memory.Asher Koriat & Morris Goldsmith - 1997 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (1):27-28.
    Glenberg provides a new and exciting view that is especially useful for capturing some functional aspects of memory. However, memory and its functions are too multifarious to be handled by any one conceptualization. We suggest that Glenberg's proposal be restricted to its own “focus of convenience.” In addition, its value will ultimately depend on its success in generating detailed and testable theories.
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  3. The General-Purpose Working Memory System and Functions of the Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex.Shintaro Funahashi - 2007 - In Naoyuki Osaka, Robert H. Logie & Mark D'Esposito (eds.), The Cognitive Neuroscience of Working Memory. Oxford University Press. pp. 213.
  4. Functions of Memory.L. G. Nilsson - 1979 - In L. Nilsson (ed.), Perspectives on Memory Research.
     
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  5.  3
    Functions of Neuronal Networks in the Hippocampus and of Backprojections in the Cerebral Cortex in Memory.Edmund T. Rolls - 1990 - In J. McGaugh, Jerry Weinberger & G. Lynch (eds.), Brain Organization and Memory. Guilford Press. pp. 184--210.
  6.  5
    The Functions of Autobiographical Memory.I. E. Hyman & Jeremiah M. Faries - 1992 - In Martin A. Conway, David C. Rubin, H. Spinnler & W. Wagenaar (eds.), Theoretical Perspectives on Autobiographical Memory. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 207--221.
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  7. Functions of Neuronal Networks in the Hippocampus and Cerebral Cortex in Memory.E. T. Rolls - 1989 - In Rodney M. J. Cotterill (ed.), Models of Brain Function. Cambridge University Press. pp. 15--33.
     
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  8. On the Descriptive and Explanatory Functions of Theories of Memory.W. K. Estes - 1979 - In L. Nilsson (ed.), Perspectives on Memory Research.
     
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  9.  9
    Decisions and the Evolution of Memory: Multiple Systems, Multiple Functions.Stanley B. Klein, Leda Cosmides, John Tooby & Sarah Chance - 2002 - Psychological Review 109 (2):306-329.
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  10.  41
    Cognitive Functions of Gamma-Band Activity: Memory Match and Utilization.Christoph S. Herrmann, Matthias H. J. Munk & Andreas K. Engel - 2004 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 8 (8):347-355.
  11.  2
    Functions of Autobiographical Memory in Younger and Older Adults.Andrea Vranić, Margareta Jelić & Mirjana Tonković - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  12.  3
    The Sociocultural Functions of Episodic Memory.Robyn Fivush - 2018 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 41.
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    Possible Functions of Sleep – Memory Consolidation?Karl H. Pribram - 1978 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 1 (3):502.
  14. The Place of Mental Imagery and Memory Among Mental Functions[REVIEW]Wilfrid Lay - 1905 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 2 (24):671-671.
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  15.  4
    Connectionist Models of Recognition Memory: Constraints Imposed by Learning and Forgetting Functions.Roger Ratcliff - 1990 - Psychological Review 97 (2):285-308.
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  16.  1
    The Place of Mental Imagery and Memory Among Mental Functions.F. Kuhlmann - 1905 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 2 (24):671-671.
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  17. II Patterns of Activity II in the Cerebral Cortex II Related to Memory Functions.David H. Ingvar - 1979 - In L. Nilsson (ed.), Perspectives on Memory Research. pp. 247.
     
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  18.  1
    Editorial: Detection and Estimation of Working Memory States and Cognitive Functions Based on Neurophysiological Measures.Felix Putze, Christian Mühl, Fabien Lotte, Stephen Fairclough & Christian Herff - 2018 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12.
  19.  6
    The Dynamics of Episodic Memory Functions.Dorthe Berntsen - 2018 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 41.
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    The Role of Long-Term Memory and Monitoring in Schizophrenia: Multiple Functions.Martin Harrow & Marshall Silverstein - 1991 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (1):30-31.
  21. The Influence of Fluid Intelligence, Executive Functions and Premorbid Intelligence on Memory in Frontal Patients.Edgar Chan, Sarah E. MacPherson, Marco Bozzali, Tim Shallice & Lisa Cipolotti - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  22. The Evaluation of Processing Functions in Working Memory.M. C. Fastame, E. Cavallini & T. Vecchi - 2002 - In Serge P. Shohov (ed.), Advances in Psychology Research. Nova Science Publishers. pp. 3--27.
     
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  23.  4
    A Quantitative Comparison of the Discriminative and Reinforcing Functions of a Stimulus.James A. Dinsmoor - 1950 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 40 (4):458.
  24.  21
    A Critique of the Causal Theory of Memory.Marina Trakas - 2010 - Dissertation,
    In this Master's dissertation, I try to show that the causal theory of memory, which is the only theory developed so far that at first view seems more plausible and that could be integrated with psychological explanations and investigations of memory, shows some conceptual and ontological problems that go beyond the internal inconsistencies that each version can present. On one hand, the memory phenomenon analyzed is very limited: in general it is reduced to the conscious act of (...)
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  25. Three Laws of Qualia: What Neurology Tells Us About the Biological Functions of Consciousness.Vilayanur S. Ramachandran & William Hirstein - 1997 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 4 (5-6):429-457.
    Neurological syndromes in which consciousness seems to malfunction, such as temporal lobe epilepsy, visual scotomas, Charles Bonnet syndrome, and synesthesia offer valuable clues about the normal functions of consciousness and ‘qualia’. An investigation into these syndromes reveals, we argue, that qualia are different from other brain states in that they possess three functional characteristics, which we state in the form of ‘three laws of qualia’ based on a loose analogy with Newton's three laws of classical mechanics. First, they are (...)
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  26.  9
    A Computational Model of Frontal Lobe Dysfunction: Working Memory and the Tower of Hanoi Task.Vinod Goela, David Pullara & Jordan Grafman - 2001 - Cognitive Science 25 (2):287-313.
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  27. The Compatibility of Complex Systems and Reduction: A Case Analysis of Memory Research. [REVIEW]William P. Bechtel - 2001 - Minds and Machines 11 (4):483-502.
    Some theorists who emphasize the complexity of biological and cognitive systems and who advocate the employment of the tools of dynamical systems theory in explaining them construe complexity and reduction as exclusive alternatives. This paper argues that reduction, an approach to explanation that decomposes complex activities and localizes the components within the complex system, is not only compatible with an emphasis on complexity, but provides the foundation for dynamical analysis. Explanation via decomposition and localization is nonetheless extremely challenging, and an (...)
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  28.  10
    Toward Defining the Causal Role of Consciousness: Using Models of Memory and Moral Judgment From Cognitive Neuroscience to Expand the Sociological Dual‐Process Model.Luis Antonio Vila‐Henninger - 2015 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 45 (2):238-260.
    What role does “discursive consciousness” play in decision-making? How does it interact with “practical consciousness?” These two questions constitute two important gaps in strong practice theory that extend from Pierre Bourdieu's habitus to Stephen Vaisey's sociological dual-process model and beyond. The goal of this paper is to provide an empirical framework that expands the sociological dual-process model in order to fill these gaps using models from cognitive neuroscience. In particular, I use models of memory and moral judgment that highlight (...)
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  29. Autonoetic Consciousness: Re-Considering the Role of Episodic Memory in Future-Oriented Self-Projection.Stan Klein - 2016 - Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology 69 (2):381-401.
    Following the seminal work of Ingvar (1985. “Memory for the future”: An essay on the temporal organization of conscious awareness. Human Neurobiology, 4, 127–136), Suddendorf (1994. The discovery of the fourth dimension: Mental time travel and human evolution. Master’s thesis. University of Waikato, Hamilton, New Zealand), and Tulving (1985. Memory and consciousness. Canadian Psychology/Psychologie Canadienne, 26, 1–12), exploration of the ability to anticipate and prepare for future contingencies that cannot be known with certainty has grown into a thriving (...)
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  30.  9
    Conceptual and Normative Issues of Memory Enhancement.Ying-Tung Lin - unknown
    Our growing understanding of human mind and cognition and the development of neurotechnology has triggered debate around cognitive enhancement in neuroethics. The dissertation examines the normative issues of memory enhancement, and focuses on two issues: the distinction between memory treatment and enhancement; and how the issue of authenticity concerns memory interventions, including memory treatments and enhancements. rnThe first part consists of a conceptual analysis of the concepts required for normative considerations. First, the representational nature and the (...)
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  31.  9
    The Role of Memory in Planning and Pretense.Peter Gärdenfors - 1997 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (1):24-25.
    Corresponding to Glenberg's distinction between the automatic and effortful modes of memory, I propose a distinction between cued and detached mental representations. A cued representation stands for something that is present in the external situation of the representing organism, while a detached representation stands for objects or events that are not present in the current situation. This distinction is important for understanding the role of memory in different cognitive functions like planning and pretense.
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  32.  4
    Memory, Imaginary and Aristotelian Epistemology. On the Nature of “Apterous Fly”.Claudiu Mesaros - 2010 - Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 9 (27):132-156.
    Normal 0 false false false MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language:#0400; mso-fareast-language:#0400; mso-bidi-language:#0400;} Ioan Petru Culianu has written a book about the emergence of modern science and religious behavior starting from the Aristotelian concept of phantasia. An essential premise for discussing problems of modern cultural and religious importance is the proper understanding of memory and philosophical grounds for such concepts as (...) and recollection. Aristotelianism has been repeatedly mentioned as a main source of memory concepts, along with Plato, later Roman tradition and then mediaeval reconsiderations of Aristotelian texts. In my study I am following in parallel both Aristotle’s theory of memory and imagination and modern theories concerning Aristotelian epistemology and build arguments for the thesis that modern theories concerning the importance of induction in Aristotle’s epistemology miss an important link, namely, the key function of memory techniques for understanding the whole of Aristotle’s theory of knowledge. Memory is the domain of technique or art ( techne ) but not the grounding site for science. Truth and false are not an issue for Aristotle’s theory of knowledge because sensibility and theoretical intellect cannot be false. Memory, imagination and recollection as functions of an intermediary link are the most fluid and uncontrollable parts of the cognitive psyche, as they function as necessary bridges from corporeal sensitive knowledge to intellectual formal understanding. Memory is still corporeal as a function but delivers images for the intellectual activity. The whole process of knowledge depends on such a fluid and non rigorous function. Aristotle suggests natural memory can be pointed as the very cause for imperfection of knowledge. Human being is thus an insolvable epistemic duality since science needs memory but memory itself is rather the object of custom, art and technique. Science and religion have, according to such Aristotelian premise, a necessary common imaginary. (shrink)
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  33.  25
    Wreckage Upon Wreckage: History, Documentary and the Ruins of Memory.Paula Rabinowitz - 1993 - History and Theory 32 (2):119-137.
    Documentary cinema is intimately tied to historical memory. Not only does it seek to reconstruct historical narrative, but it often functions as an historical document itself. Moreover, the connection between the rhetoric of documentary film and historical truth pushes the documentary into overtly political alignments which influence its audience.This essay describes and dissects the history and rhetoric of documentary cinema, tracing its various modes of address from the earliest moments of cinematic representation through its uses for ethnographers, artists, (...)
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  34. No Mental Life After Brain Death: The Argument From the Neural Localization of Mental Functions.Gualtiero Piccinini & Sonya Bahar - 2015 - In Keith Augustine & Michael Martin (eds.), The Myth of an Afterlife: The Case against Life After Death. Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 135-170.
    This paper samples the large body of neuroscientific evidence suggesting that each mental function takes place within specific neural structures. For instance, vision appears to occur in the visual cortex, motor control in the motor cortex, spatial memory in the hippocampus, and cognitive control in the prefrontal cortex. Evidence comes from neuroanatomy, neurophysiology, neurochemistry, brain stimulation, neuroimaging, lesion studies, and behavioral genetics. If mental functions take place within neural structures, mental functions cannot survive brain death. Therefore, there (...)
     
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  35.  25
    Memory Enhancing Drugs and Alzheimer’s Disease: Enhancing the Self or Preventing the Loss of It? [REVIEW]Wim Dekkers & Marcel Olde Rikkert - 2007 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 10 (2):141-151.
    In this paper we analyse some ethical and philosophical questions related to the development of memory enhancing drugs (MEDs) and anti-dementia drugs. The world of memory enhancement is coloured by utopian thinking and by the desire for quicker, sharper, and more reliable memories. Dementia is characterized by decline, fragility, vulnerability, a loss of the most important cognitive functions and even a loss of self. While MEDs are being developed for self-improvement, in Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) the self is (...)
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  36.  3
    Social Imagination, Abused Memory, and the Political Place of History in Memory, History, Forgetting.Esteban Lythgoe - 2014 - Études Ricoeuriennes / Ricoeur Studies 5 (2):35-47.
    In this paper we intend to show that in Memory, History, Forgetting, Paul Ricœur articulates memory and history through imagination. This philosopher distinguishes two main functions of imagination: a poetical one, associated with interpretation and discourse, and a practical and projective one that clarifies and guides our actions. In Memory, History, Forgetting, both functions of imagination are present, but are associated with different aspects of memory. The first one is present especially in the phenomenology (...)
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  37.  65
    Working Memory Retention Systems: A State of Activated Long-Term Memory.Daniel S. Ruchkin, Jordan Grafman, Katherine Cameron & Rita S. Berndt - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):709-728.
    High temporal resolution event-related brain potential and electroencephalographic coherence studies of the neural substrate of short-term storage in working memory indicate that the sustained coactivation of both prefrontal cortex and the posterior cortical systems that participate in the initial perception and comprehension of the retained information are involved in its storage. These studies further show that short-term storage mechanisms involve an increase in neural synchrony between prefrontal cortex and posterior cortex and the enhanced activation of long-term memory representations (...)
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  38. Memory and Cognition.John Sutton, Celia B. Harris & Amanda Barnier - 2010 - In Susannah Radstone & Barry Schwarz (eds.), Memory: theories, histories, debates. New York: Fordham University Press. pp. 209-226.
    In his contribution to the first issue of Memory Studies, Jeffrey Olick notes that despite “the mutual affirmations of psychologists who want more emphasis on the social and sociologists who want more emphasis on the cognitive”, in fact “actual crossdisciplinary research … has been much rarer than affirmations about its necessity and desirability” (2008: 27). The peculiar, contingent disciplinary divisions which structure our academic institutions create and enable many powerful intellectual cultures: but memory researchers are unusually aware that (...)
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  39.  14
    Diminished Episodic Memory Awareness in Older Adults: Evidence From Feeling-of-Knowing and Recollection.C. SouChay, C. Moulin, D. Clarys, L. Taconnat & M. Isingrini - 2007 - Consciousness and Cognition 16 (4):769-784.
    The ability to reflect on and monitor memory processes is one of the most investigated metamemory functions, and one of the important ways consciousnesses interacts with memory. The feeling-of-knowing is one task used to evaluate individual’s capacity to monitor their memory. We examined this reflective function of metacognition in older adults. We explored the contribution of metacognition to episodic memory impairment, in relation to the idea that older adults show a reduction in memory awareness (...)
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  40. Of Bits and Logic: Cortical Columns in Learning and Memory.Robert Moss - 2006 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 27 (3-4).
    Despite the growing research and theoretical formulations tied to memory storage within the brain, the role of cortical columns has received relatively little attention. The current paper presents a theoretical formulation based on cortical columns as the binary units that contain all cortical information, and how memory and learning may occur based on the interaction patterns of columns. The described model is an extension of Lurian views, and suggests higher functions to result from the interaction of five (...)
     
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  41.  9
    Three Functional Aspects of Working Memory as Strong Predictors of Early School Achievements: The Review and Illustrative Evidence.Piotr Rycielski, Radoslaw Kaczan, Klara Rydzewska, Izabela Krejtz & Grzegorz Sedek - 2016 - Polish Psychological Bulletin 47 (1):103-111.
    The paper presents an overview of research on working memory as a predictor of early school achievements. We contrast two main areas of research on the role of working memory in school achievements: the first concerns the structural model of working memory and the second focuses on executive functions. Then, we discuss the facet model of working memory as a promising approach merging the two research branches on working memory tasks as predictors of early (...)
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  42.  10
    Memory and Cognitive Control in an Integrated Theory of Language Processing.L. Robert Slevc & Jared M. Novick - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (4):373-374.
    Pickering & Garrod's (P&G's) integrated model of production and comprehension includes no explicit role for nonlinguistic cognitive processes. Yet, how domain-general cognitive functions contribute to language processing has become clearer with well-specified theories and supporting data. We therefore believe that their account can benefit by incorporating functions like working memory and cognitive control into a unified model of language processing.
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  43.  44
    Crosscutting Psycho-Neural Taxonomies: The Case of Episodic Memory.Muhammad Ali Khalidi - 2017 - Philosophical Explorations 20 (2):191-208.
    I will begin by proposing a taxonomy of taxonomic positions regarding the mind–brain: localism, globalism, revisionism, and contextualism, and will go on to focus on the last position. Although some versions of contextualism have been defended by various researchers, they largely limit themselves to a version of neural contextualism: different brain regions perform different functions in different neural contexts. I will defend what I call “environmental-etiological contextualism,” according to which the psychological functions carried out by various neural regions (...)
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    Development of Autonoetic Autobiographical Memory in School-Age Children: Genuine Age Effect or Development of Basic Cognitive Abilities?Laurence Picard, Isméry Reffuveille, Francis Eustache & Pascale Piolino - 2009 - Consciousness and Cognition 18 (4):864-876.
    This study investigated the mechanisms behind episodic autobiographical memory development in school-age children. Thirty children performed a novel EAM test. We computed one index of episodicity via autonoetic consciousness and two indices of retrieval spontaneity for a recent period and a more remote one . Executive functions, and episodic and personal semantic memory were assessed. Results showed that recent autobiographical memories were mainly episodic, unlike remote ones. An age-related increase in the indices of episodicity and specific spontaneity (...)
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  45. Working Memory, Inhibitory Control and the Development of Children's Reasoning.Dr Simon J. Handley, A. Capon, M. Beveridge, I. Dennis & J. St BT Evans - 2004 - Thinking and Reasoning 10 (2):175 – 195.
    The ability to reason independently from one's own goals or beliefs has long been recognised as a key characteristic of the development of formal operational thought. In this article we present the results of a study that examined the correlates of this ability in a group of 10-year-old children ( N = 61). Participants were presented with conditional and relational reasoning items, where the content was manipulated such that the conclusion to the arguments were either congruent, neutral, or incongruent with (...)
     
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  46.  22
    Speculations on the Emergence of Self-Awareness in Big-Brained Organisms: The Roles of Associative Memory and Learning, Existential and Religious Questions, and the Emergence of Tautologies.Emmanuel Tannenbaum - 2009 - Consciousness and Cognition 18 (2):414-427.
    This paper argues that self-awareness emerges in organisms whose brains have a sufficiently integrated, complex ability for associative learning and memory. Continual sensory input of information related to the organism leads to the formation of a set of associations that may be termed an organismal “self-image”. After providing the basic mechanistic basis for the emergence of an organismal self-image, this paper proceeds to go through a representative list of behaviors associated with self-awareness, and shows how associative memory and (...)
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  47.  15
    The Influence of Cognitive and Emotional Suppression on Overgeneral Autobiographical Memory Retrieval.Sang Quang Phung & Richard A. Bryant - 2013 - Consciousness and Cognition 22 (3):965-974.
    Over-general autobiographical memory retrieval is characterized by retrieval of categoric autobiographical memories. According to the CarFAX model, this tendency may result from avoidance which functions to protect the person against recalling details of upsetting memories. This study tested whether avoidance strategies impact on the ability to retrieve specific autobiographical memories. Healthy participants watched a negative video clip and were instructed to either suppress any thought , suppress any feeling , or think and feel naturally in response to the (...)
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  48.  3
    Is Binding Decline the Main Source of the Ageing Effect on Prospective Memory? A Ride in a Virtual Town.Grégory Lecouvey, Julie Gonneaud, Pascale Piolino, Sophie Madeleine, Eric Orriols, Philippe Fleury, Francis Eustache & Béatrice Desgranges - 2017 - Socioaffective Neuroscience and Psychology 7 (1).
    ABSTRACTObjective: This study was designed to improve our understanding of prospective memory changes in ageing, and to identify the cognitive correlates of PM decline, using a virtual environment, to provide a more realistic assessment than traditional laboratory tasks.Design: Thirty-five young and 29 older individuals exposed to a virtual town were asked to recall three event-based intentions with a strong link between prospective and retrospective components, three event-based intentions with a weak link, and three time-based intentions. They also underwent retrospective (...)
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  49.  1
    Meta-Analysis of the Research Impact of Baddeley’s Multicomponent Working Memory Model and Cowan’s Embedded-Processes Model of Working Memory: A Bibliometric Mapping Approach.Jarosław Orzechowski & Aleksandra Gruszka - 2016 - Polish Psychological Bulletin 47 (1):1-11.
    In this study bibliometric mapping method was employed to visualise the current research trends and the impact of the two most influential models of working memory, namely: A. D. Baddeley and G. J. Hitch’s multicomponent working memory model and N. Cowan’s embedded-processes model of working memory. Using VOSviewer software two maps were generated based on the index-term words extracted from the research papers citing Baddeley and Cowan, respectively. The maps represent networks of co-occurrences of index terms and (...)
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  50.  7
    Neglecting the Posterior Parietal Cortex: The Role of Higher-Order Perceptual Memories for Working-Memory Retention.Axel Mecklinger & Bertram Opitz - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):749-749.
    The view that posterior brain systems engaged in lower-order perceptual functions are activated during sustained retention is challenged by fMRI data, which show consistent retention-related activation of higher-order memory representations for a variety of working-memory materials. Sustained retention entails the dynamic link of these higher-order memories with schemata for goal-oriented action housed by the frontal lobes.
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