Results for 'Général André Bach'

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  1.  20
    La place de l'horizon de mort dans la violence guerrière.Général André Bach - 2004 - Astérion 2.
    Le général André Bach dans une réflexion sur l’« horizon de mort dans la violence de guerre » part d’une approche anthropologique du phénomène de violence et de la peur (quasiment biologique) qu’il engendre en soulignant les difficultés des sociétés occidentales à penser la mort. C’est l’État qui donne à la guerre un sens politique et sacré et qui crée les catégories fonctionnelles de la guerre (les concepts de paix et de guerre ne sont pas en eux-mêmes (...)
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  2. A Unified Account of General Learning Mechanisms and Theory‐of‐Mind Development.Theodore Bach - 2014 - Mind and Language 29 (3):351-381.
    Modularity theorists have challenged that there are, or could be, general learning mechanisms that explain theory-of-mind development. In response, supporters of the ‘scientific theory-theory’ account of theory-of-mind development have appealed to children's use of auxiliary hypotheses and probabilistic causal modeling. This article argues that these general learning mechanisms are not sufficient to meet the modularist's challenge. The article then explores an alternative domain-general learning mechanism by proposing that children grasp the concept belief through the progressive alignment of relational structure that (...)
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  3.  70
    Standardization Revisited.Kent Bach - unknown
    How to delimit semantics is an ongoing problem in linguistics and philosophy of language. Like syntax, semantics is concerned only with information that competent speakers can glean from linguistic items apart from particular contexts of utterance. Anything a hearer infers from collateral information about the context of a particular utterance thus counts as nonsemantic information. Even so, it is a semantic fact about certain linguistic items, notably indexicals (such as 'she', 'here', and 'then'), that contextual facts contribute to determining what (...)
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  4.  64
    Unger's Defense of Skepticism: New Wine in Old Bottles.Shane Andre - 1982 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 12 (3):453 - 465.
    Peter Unger has recently attempted to defend skepticism by means of a novel and ingenious theory about certain general features of our language. According to his theory, skepticism is a logical consequence of the fact that certain epistemic terms, including ‘certain’ and ‘know,’ belong to a much wider class of absolute terms whose strict meaning is such that they have little or no positive application to things in the world. The purpose of this paper is to enquire whether Unger's theory (...)
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  5.  28
    Concepts: Where Cognitive Science Went Wrong.Kent Bach & Jerry A. Fodor - 2000 - Philosophical Review 109 (4):627.
    As the dust jacket proclaims, “this is surely Fodor’s most irritating book in years …. It should exasperate philosophers, linguists, cognitive psychologists, and cognitive neuroscientists alike.” Yes, Fodor is an equal-opportunity annoyer. He sees no job for conceptual analysts, no hope for lexical semanticists, and no need for prototype theorists. When it comes to shedding light on concepts, these luminaries have delivered nothing but moonshine. Fodor aims to remedy things, and not just with snake oil. He serves up plenty of (...)
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  6. A Rationale for Reliabilism.Kent Bach - 1985 - The Monist 68 (2):246-263.
    What bothers people about reliabilism as a theory of justified belief? It has yet to be formulated adequately, but most philosophical theories have that problem. People seem to be bothered by the very idea of reliabilism, with its apparent disregard for believers’ rationality and responsibility. Yet its supporters can’t seem to understand its opponents complaints. I believe that the conflict can be clarified, if not resolved, by drawing certain important distinctions.
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  7. Analogical Cognition: Applications in Epistemology and the Philosophy of Mind and Language.Theodore Bach - 2012 - Philosophy Compass 7 (5):348-360.
    Analogical cognition refers to the ability to detect, process, and learn from relational similarities. The study of analogical and similarity cognition is widely considered one of the ‘success stories’ of cognitive science, exhibiting convergence across many disciplines on foundational questions. Given the centrality of analogy to mind and knowledge, it would benefit philosophers investigating topics in epistemology and the philosophies of mind and language to become familiar with empirical models of analogical cognition. The goal of this essay is to describe (...)
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  8.  91
    Newcomb’s Problem: The $1,000,000 Solution.Kent Bach - 1987 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 17 (2):409-425.
    The more you think about it, the more baffling Newcomb's Problem becomes. To most people, at first it is obvious which solution is correct, but their confidence can be eroded easily. Only a puzzled few are torn between the two right from the start, and for years so was I. But at last, thanks to a certain metaargument, one solution came to seem obvious to me. And yet, imagining myself actually faced with Newcomb's choice, I started to worry that I (...)
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  9.  80
    Concepts: Where Cognitive Science Went Wrong.Kent Bach - 2000 - Philosophical Review 109 (4):627-632.
    As the dust jacket proclaims, “this is surely Fodor’s most irritating book in years …. It should exasperate philosophers, linguists, cognitive psychologists, and cognitive neuroscientists alike.” Yes, Fodor is an equal-opportunity annoyer. He sees no job for conceptual analysts, no hope for lexical semanticists, and no need for prototype theorists. When it comes to shedding light on concepts, these luminaries have delivered nothing but moonshine. Fodor aims to remedy things, and not just with snake oil. He serves up plenty of (...)
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  10.  72
    The Demands of Deontology Are Not So Paradoxical.Judith Andre - 1991 - Journal of Philosophical Research 16:407-410.
    The “paradox of deontology” depends partly upon ignoring the special responsibility each person has for her own actions, and partly upon ignoring the essential differences between refraining from X and persuading another to refrain. But only in part; the paradoxical situations schematized by Shaw can occasionally occur. When they do, his pragmatic defense of deontology is sound.
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  11.  21
    “Censorship”.Judith Andre - 1983 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 1 (4):25-32.
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  12.  14
    Response: No Need to Match: A Comment on Bach, Nicholson, and Hudson's “Affordance-Matching Hypothesis”.Patric Bach, Toby Nicholson & Matthew Hudson - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  13.  7
    “Censorship”: Some Distinctions.Judith Andre - 1983 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 1 (4):25-32.
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  14.  13
    General The Nature of Science: The History of Science in Western Culture Since 1600. By David Knight. London: André Deutsch, 1976. Pp. 215. £4.95. [REVIEW]G. L'E. Turner - 1978 - British Journal for the History of Science 11 (2):172-172.
  15.  35
    Paycheck Pronouns, Bach-Peters Sentences, and Variable-Free Semantics.Pauline Jacobson - 2000 - Natural Language Semantics 8 (2):77-155.
    This paper argues for the hypothesis of direct compositionality (as in, e.g., Montague 1974), according to which the combinatory syntactic rules specify a set of well-formed expressions while the semantic combinatory rules work in tandem to directly supply a model-theoretic interpretation to each expression as it is "built" in the syntax. (This thus obviates the need for any level like LF and, concomitantly, for any rules mapping surface structures to such a level.) I focus here on one related group of (...)
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  16.  20
    André Orléan: L’Empire de la Valeur. Refonder L’Économie.Jörg Potthast - 2015 - Human Studies 38 (1):185-190.
    Consider waiting in lines. On the one hand, they offer an ad hoc illustration of how the scarcity of commodities relates to supply and demand. In this respect, they recall what neoclassical economics posit as the general law of the market. On the other hand, queuing is often referred to as a basic form of social interaction among those who wait. In this perspective, waiting is not about individuals waiting for something, but about waiting together, social gatherings, collectives, or communities. (...)
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  17.  10
    Bach's Constraint on Extending Acquaintance: Some Questions and a Modest Proposal.Mirela Fus - 2013 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 13 (2):201-216.
    My aim in this paper is to examine how Kent Bach's theory of singular thought about material objects meets the requirements of transmitting de re thought. I identify a certain possible paradox haunting Bach's move of extending acquaintance in order to widen the scope of singular thought and I attempt to answer this possible paradox. First, I briefly present the manner in which Bach motivates extended acquaintance and which constraints he puts on it. I then address the (...)
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  18.  50
    Miller, Kripke, Bach and the Meaning of Proper Names.Robin Attfield - 1983 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 21 (2):153-158.
    Examples are presented which raise problems for theories of proper names which deny their equivalence either with descriptions (miller, Kripke) or with non-Trivial descriptions (bach). These examples of names equivalent to the same descriptions for all the possible worlds in which their bearers exist require the theories to be abandoned or at least modified as to their scope.
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  19.  5
    Bach, Kent on Good Arguments.Jordan Howard Sobel - 1989 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 19 (3):447-454.
    I take two passages in a recent paper by Kent Bach—‘Newcomb's Problem: The $1,000,000 Solution,’ Canadian Journal of Philosophy 17 409-25—as occasions for several observations about practical arguments and senses in which they may ‘work’ and be ‘good.’First Passage…one can only be amused by those advocates of BOTH who…realize that takers of BOTH almost always get but $1K whereas takers of ONE almost always get $1M, and proceed to bemoan the fact that rational people do so much worse than (...)
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  20.  37
    Kent Bach on Good Arguments.Jordan Howard Sobel - 1989 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 19 (3):447 - 453.
    I take two passages in a recent paper by Kent Bach—‘Newcomb's Problem: The $1,000,000 Solution,’ Canadian Journal of Philosophy 17 409-25—as occasions for several observations about practical arguments and senses in which they may ‘work’ and be ‘good.’First Passage…one can only be amused by those advocates of BOTH who…realize that takers of BOTH almost always get but $1K whereas takers of ONE almost always get $1M, and proceed to bemoan the fact that rational people do so much worse than (...)
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  21.  3
    Gödel, Escher, Bach: An Eternal Golden Braid. [REVIEW]J. Benardete - 1979 - Review of Metaphysics 33 (1):181-181.
    A transatlantic Alice in Wonderland americanized to the point of gigantism, this conceptual romp through the widest range of topics proceeds alternately by way of heavy-handed dialogues—featuring indeed Achilles and the Tortoise not to mention the Crab, the Magnificrab, the Anteater, etc.—and extended expositions of Bach’s Musical Offering, Escher, Zen, DNA, Gödel, Turing, and artificial intelligence. The central theme is self-reference, and at no point does the author fall below the standards of basic philosophic competence that obtain today in (...)
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  22.  32
    Reply to Andre Laks on Anaxagoras’ Νους.Joseph G. DeFilippo - 1993 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 31 (Supplement):39-48.
  23.  56
    Gödel, Escher, Bach.V. Huber-Dyson - 1981 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 11 (4):775-792.
  24.  5
    From Bacteria to Bach and Back. [REVIEW]Peter Stone - 2018 - Philosophy Now 129:44-46.
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  25.  33
    Kukla, Andre. Studies in Scientific Realism.Eric D. Hetherington - 2000 - Review of Metaphysics 53 (4):939-941.
  26.  30
    Gödel, Escher, Bach.J. Benardete - 1979 - Review of Metaphysics 33 (1):181-182.
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  27.  31
    Lachès. Euthyphron Platon Traductions inéites, introductions et notes par LOUIS-ANDRÉ DORION Collection «GF-Texte intégral» Paris, Flammarion, 1997, 354 p. [REVIEW]Yvon LaFrance - 1998 - Dialogue 37 (3):595-.
  28.  17
    Charmide/Lysis Platon Traduction Inédite, Introduction Et Notes Par Louis-André Dorion Collection «GF-Flammarion», No 1006 Paris, Flammarion, 2004, 317 P. [REVIEW]Yvon LaFrance - 2007 - Dialogue 46 (1):189.
  29.  18
    Introduction À la «Philosophie Présocratique» André Laks Collection «Libelles» Paris, Presses Universitaires de France, 2006, 172 P. [REVIEW]Benoît Castelnérac - 2007 - Dialogue 46 (4):797-.
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  30.  15
    André Stanguennec, Hegel. Une Philosophie de la Raison Vivante. [REVIEW]Éric Guay - 1999 - Dialogue 38 (1):187-.
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  31.  14
    La Logique des Effets Pervers. Sciences Sociales, Rhétorique, Politique, Éthique André Gosselin Collection «Sociologies» Paris, Presses Universitaires de France, 1998, X, 253 P. [REVIEW]Jean Robillard - 2000 - Dialogue 39 (3):640-.
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  32.  4
    Hegel. Une Philosophie de la Raison Vivante André Stanguennec Collection «Bibliothèque des Philosophies» Paris, Librairie Philosophique J. Vrin, 1997, 247 P. [REVIEW]Éric Guay - 1999 - Dialogue 38 (1):187-189.
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  33.  72
    Theoretical Foundations of Artificial General Intelligence.Pei Wang & Ben Goertzel (eds.) - 2012 - Springer.
    Pei Wang, Ben Goertzel. [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11] [12] [13] [14] [15] [16] [17] [ 18] [19] [20] [21] [22] [23] [24] [25] [26] [27] Bach, J. (2009). Principles ofSynthetic Intelligence PSI: An Architecture ofMotivated Cognition (Oxford University Press,  ...
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  34.  19
    General Belief in a Just World Is Positively Associated with Dishonest Behavior.Kristin Wenzel, Simon Schindler & Marc-André Reinhard - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  35.  34
    K. Rannenberg, D. Royer and André Deuker , The Future of Identity in the Information Society: Challenges and Opportunities. [REVIEW]Charles D. Raab - 2010 - Identity in the Information Society 3 (3):599-604.
    The number of large research projects in the fields of identity, privacy and related topics has burgeoned in recent years. This is a development of great importance to academic scholarship but also to a wider range of audiences and ‘users’, including policy-makers and regulators, the information and communication technology industries, and the general public. New issues have been spotlighted as we move into what some call ‘surveillance societies’, along with a clearer sense of the problems created, and the advantages afforded, (...)
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  36.  20
    The Philosopher's World Model.William Gerber - 1983 - Review of Metaphysics 36 (3):687-689.
    For coping with the "accelerating crises" in the "human predicament," and for avoiding the realization of "doomsday predictions," we need, among other things, a new philosophical model of the world, compatible with newly available knowledge. Indeed, referring to the lack of such a model, Bahm writes: "It would not be unreasonable to claim that the greatest crisis today in America and in the world is a philosophical one", namely, the lack of an appropriate model of the world. He declares, in (...)
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  37.  19
    Speculative Remarks on Physics in General and Relativity in Particular.André Mercier - 1975 - Dialectics and Humanism 2 (3):125-131.
  38.  18
    C‐Reactive Protein Point of Care Testing and Physician Communication Skills Training for Lower Respiratory Tract Infections in General Practice: Economic Evaluation of a Cluster Randomized Trial.Jochen W. L. Cals, Andre J. H. A. Ament, Kerenza Hood, Christopher C. Butler, Rogier M. Hopstaken, Geert F. Wassink & Geert‐Jan Dinant - 2011 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (6):1059-1069.
  39.  12
    Stress Ulcer Prophylaxis in Non‐Critically Ill Patients: A Prospective Evaluation of Current Practice in a General Surgery Department.Coraline Bez, Nancy Perrottet, Tobias Zingg, En‐Ling Leung Ki, Nicolas Demartines & André Pannatier - 2013 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 19 (2):374-378.
  40.  8
    G. E. Mints. E Theorems. Journal of Soviet Mathematics, Vol. 8 , Pp. 323–329. - G. É. Minc. Ustojčivost' E-Téorém I Provérka Programm . Sémiotika I Informatika, Vol. 12 , Pp. 73–77. - Justus Diller. Functional Interpretations of Heyting's Arithmetic in All Finite Types. Nieuw Archief Voor Wiskunde, Ser. 3 Vol. 27 , Pp. 70–97. - Martin Stein. Interpretations of Heyting's Arithmetic—an Analysis by Means of a Language with Set Symbols. Annals of Mathematical Logic, Vol. 19 , Pp. 1–31. - Martin Stein. A General Theorem on Existence Theorems. Zeitschrifi Für Mathematische Logik Und Grundlagen der Mathematik, Vol. 27 , Pp. 435–452. [REVIEW]Andre Scedrov - 1987 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 52 (2):561-561.
  41.  2
    Third A.S. Geyser Commemorative Lecture on 30 March 2017: Welcoming Address by the Moderator of the Executive of the General Assembly of the Netherdutch Reformed Church of Africa. [REVIEW]André G. Ungerer - 2017 - Hts Theological Studies 73 (1).
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  42.  4
    The CISG and Its General Principles.Olaf Meyer & André Janssen - 2009 - In Olaf Meyer & André Janssen (eds.), Cisg Methodology. Sellier de Gruyter.
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  43. The Search After TruthElucidations of the Search After Truth.Philosophical Commentary. [REVIEW]M. B. H. - 1981 - Review of Metaphysics 35 (2):398-398.
    The Ohio State University Press is to be congratulated, and Lennon and Olscamp are to be thanked for this book. Nicholas Malebranche has always been a major philosopher on the Continent but he has been less well-known in recent times within the English-speaking world. The Search was twice translated into English at the close of the seventeenth century and Malebranche was widely read and commented upon in English in both the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. John Locke wrote about Malebranche. David (...)
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  44.  8
    "O Totiens Servus": Saturnalia and Servitude in Augustan Rome.Michael André Bernstein - 1987 - Critical Inquiry 13 (3):450-474.
    To pose the question of evaluating political poetry is, of course, itself already a polemical move, since it insists on distinctions that command neither general critical consent nor methodological specificity. Repudiating the pertinence of such concerns to poetry has been, after all, the principal thrust of some of the most influential texts in modern literary theory. Indeed, considered historically, the struggle to separate aesthetic from both moral and political considerations can be seen as constituting the inaugural, grounding act of poetics (...)
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  45. The Ontology of General Relativity.Gustavo E. Romero - forthcoming - In M. Novello & S. E. Perez Bergliaffa (eds.), General Relativity and Gravitation. Cambridge University Press.
    I discuss the ontological assumptions and implications of General Relativity. I maintain that General Relativity is a theory about gravitational fields, not about space-time. The latter is a more basic ontological category, that emerges from physical relations among all existents. I also argue that there are no physical singularities in space-time. Singular space-time models do not belong to the ontology of the world: they are not things but concepts, i.e. defective solutions of Einstein’s field equations. I briefly discuss the actual (...)
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  46.  67
    Dependence Relations in General Relativity.Antonio Vassallo - 2020 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 10 (1):2.
    The paper discusses from a metaphysical standpoint the nature of the dependence relation underpinning the talk of mutual action between material and spatiotemporal structures in general relativity. It is shown that the standard analyses of dependence in terms of causation or grounding are ill-suited for the general relativistic context. Instead, a non-standard analytical framework in terms of structural equation modeling is exploited, which leads to the conclusion that the kind of dependence encoded in the Einstein field equations is a novel (...)
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  47. On the Argument From Physics and General Relativity.Christopher Gregory Weaver - forthcoming - Erkenntnis:1-41.
    I argue that the best interpretation of the general theory of relativity (GTR) has need of a causal entity (i.e., the gravitational field), and causal structure that is not reducible to light cone structure. I suggest that this causal interpretation of GTR helps defeat a key premise in one of the most popular arguments for causal reductionism, viz., the argument from physics.
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  48. Fiber Bundles, Yang–Mills Theory, and General Relativity.James Weatherall - 2016 - Synthese 193 (8).
    I articulate and discuss a geometrical interpretation of Yang–Mills theory. Analogies and disanalogies between Yang–Mills theory and general relativity are also considered.
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  49. Leibnizian Relationalism for General Relativistic Physics.Antonio Vassallo & Michael Esfeld - 2016 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics:101-107.
    An ontology of Leibnizian relationalism, consisting in distance relations among sparse matter points and their change only, is well recognized as a serious option in the context of classical mechanics. In this paper, we investigate how this ontology fares when it comes to general relativistic physics. Using a Humean strategy, we regard the gravitational field as a means to represent the overall change in the distance relations among point particles in a way that achieves the best combination of being simple (...)
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  50. Editorial: Risks of General Artificial Intelligence.Vincent C. Müller - 2014 - Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Artificial Intelligence 26 (3):297-301.
    This is the editorial for a special volume of JETAI, featuring papers by Omohundro, Armstrong/Sotala/O’Heigeartaigh, T Goertzel, Brundage, Yampolskiy, B. Goertzel, Potapov/Rodinov, Kornai and Sandberg. - If the general intelligence of artificial systems were to surpass that of humans significantly, this would constitute a significant risk for humanity – so even if we estimate the probability of this event to be fairly low, it is necessary to think about it now. We need to estimate what progress we can expect, what (...)
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