Results for 'Gürbüz D. Tüfekçi'

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  1. The Veil of Ignorance Violates Priority*: Juan D. Moreno-Ternero and John E. Roemer.Juan D. Moreno-Ternero - 2008 - Economics and Philosophy 24 (2):233-257.
    The veil of ignorance has been used often as a tool for recommending what justice requires with respect to the distribution of wealth. We complete Harsanyi's model of the veil of ignorance by appending information permitting objective comparisons among persons. In order to do so, we introduce the concept of objective empathy. We show that the veil-of-ignorance conception of John Harsanyi, so completed, and Ronald Dworkin's, when modelled formally, recommend wealth allocations in conflict with the prominently espoused view that priority (...)
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  2.  23
    Papers in Metaphysics and Epistemology.D. M. Armstrong & David Lewis - 2001 - Philosophical Review 110 (1):77.
    This is a collection of twenty-five papers and reviews by the leading analytic philosopher of our time. It adds to the papers on metaphysics and epistemology to be found in his previous two-volume collection published by Oxford University Press. One previously unpublished paper—“Why Conditionalize?”—is included. Australasian philosophers may note with some pride that eleven of the pieces were first published in the Australasian Journal of Philosophy.
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  3.  93
    Descartes et Les manuscrits de snellius: D'après quelques documents nouveaux.J. Golius & D. J. Korteweg - 1896 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 4 (4):489 - 501.
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  4. De l'opportunité d'une relecture de la philosophie du Droit de Kant à partir de la troisième Critique.Henri D'aviau de Ternay - 1996 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 101 (2):225-243.
    La nouvelle révolution copernicienne marquant la publication de la troisième Critique, un an après le choc de la Révolution française, offre trois pistes pour lire la philosophie du Droit de Kant : 1) la relation de l'universel et du particulier est liée à la conception de la liberté comme « clef de voûte » de tout l'édifice ébranlé par l'hétérogénéité du réel; 2) l'intersubjectivité de la communication humaine ressort de l'esthétique du beau en se rappelant, dans ce contexte, la mise (...)
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  5. L'idéologie de la rupture, coll. Philosophie d'Aujourd'hui.Jacques D'hondt - 1979 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 84 (3):419-420.
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  6.  15
    L’eveque de la réforme tridentine: sa mission d’après le venerable Barthélemy des Martyrs. [REVIEW]D. Gutiérrez - 1968 - Augustinianum 8 (1):186-187.
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  7.  10
    Il Tractatus de Gratia di Guglielmo d’Auvergne. [REVIEW]D. Trapp - 1966 - Augustinianum 6 (3):562-563.
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  8.  55
    Law as a Private Good: A Response to Tyler Cowen on the Economics of Anarchy: David D. Friedman.David D. Friedman - 1994 - Economics and Philosophy 10 (2):319-327.
  9.  37
    From Metaphysics to Ethics: A Defence of Conceptual Analysis. [REVIEW]D. Gene Witmer - 2000 - Philosophical Review 109 (3):459.
    This slim volume is sure to provoke. The topics include physicalism, the theory of color, and metaethics, but the primary focus is metaphilosophical: Jackson aims to defend the use of conceptual analysis as a tool for doing “serious metaphysics.”.
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  10.  12
    Moral Education Within the Social Contract: Whose Contract is It Anyway?Laura D’Olimpio - 2019 - Journal of Moral Education 48 (4):515-528.
    ABSTRACTIn A Theory of Moral Education, Michael Hand defends the importance of teaching children moral standards, even while taking seriously the fact that reasonable people disagree about morality. While I agree there are universal moral values based on the kind of beings humans are, I raise two issues with Hand’s account. The first is an omission that may be compatible with Hand’s theory; the role of virtues. A role for the cultivation of virtues and rational emotions such as compassion is (...)
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  11.  63
    Mises, the A Priori, and the Foundations of Economics: A Qualified Defence: Stephen D. Parsons.Stephen D. Parsons - 1997 - Economics and Philosophy 13 (2):175-196.
    In a recent paper, Pierluigi Barrotta argues that Mises ‘ended up by defending an epistemological tenet very far from Kant's’, concluding that ‘Mises's apriorism cannot be vindicated through Kant's epistemology’. In contrast, I shall argue that certain of Mises's arguments can be reconstructed in Kantian terms, and thus the distance between Mises and Kant is not as extreme as Barrotta's argument may appear to suggest. Specifically, I shall argue that Mises, like Kant, seeks to establish the a priori nature of (...)
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  12.  39
    Rawls's Lexical Orderings Are Good Economics: Robert D. Cooter.Robert D. Cooter - 1989 - Economics and Philosophy 5 (1):47-54.
    Basic liberty, according to Rawls's first principle of justice, is not to be sacrificed for other values such as wealth. And, according to his second principle of justice, the material well-being of the worst-off members of society is not to be sacrificed to benefit better-off members of society. These trade-offs would be unjust, according to Rawls, no matter how small the sacrifice or how large the offsetting benefit. A decision-maker conforming to Rawls's theory, who is unwilling to sacrifice some values (...)
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  13.  3
    The Rhetoric of Aristotle. Translated by Lane Cooper. Pp. Iii + 259. New York: D. Appleton, 1931. Cloth, 12s. 6d. [REVIEW]J. D. Denniston - 1932 - The Classical Review 46 (4):183-183.
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  14.  8
    Une Formule Platonicienne de Récurrence. Édouard Des Places, S.J. Pp. 57. Paris : Société d'Édition ‘Les Belles Lettres,’1929. Paper, 10 Fr. [REVIEW]J. D. Denniston - 1929 - The Classical Review 43 (6):235-235.
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  15.  49
    The Background to Bentham on Evidence*: A. D. E. Lewis.A. D. E. Lewis - 1990 - Utilitas 2 (2):195-219.
    The path of those who would approach the study of Bentham's writings on Evidence has been considerably smoothed by the recent publication of William Twining's work on the evidence theories of Bentham and Wigmore. The material on evidence is now being tackled by the Bentham Project. It presents no easy task. The central core, The Rationale of Judicial Evidence, edited and published by John Stuart Mill in 1827, exists only in the printed version, the MSS from which Mill worked having (...)
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  16.  27
    Privacy and Constitutional Theory*: SCOTT D. GERBER.Scott D. Gerber - 2000 - Social Philosophy and Policy 17 (2):165-185.
    There has been a flood of scholarship over the years on whether there is a “right to privacy” in the Constitution of the United States. Griswold v. Connecticut was, of course, the Supreme Court decision that opened the floodgates to this river of commentary. A subject search for “privacy, right of” in the College of William and Mary's on-line library catalog located 360 book titles. A perusal of the leading law review bibliographic indices turned up still more. Whether the Constitution (...)
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  17.  24
    The Origins of an Independent Judiciary in New York, 1621–1777: Scott D. Gerber.Scott D. Gerber - 2011 - Social Philosophy and Policy 28 (1):179-201.
    Article III of the U.S. Constitution establishes an independent federal judiciary: federal courts constitute a separate branch of the national government, federal judges enjoy tenure during good behavior, and their salaries cannot be diminished while they hold office. The framers who drafted Article III in 1787 were not working from whole cloth. Rather, they were familiar with the preceding colonial and state practices, including those from New York. This essay provides a case study of New York's judicial history: the Dutch (...)
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  18.  44
    Taking the Coase Theorem Seriously: Richard D. McKelvey and Talbot Page.Richard D. Mckelvey - 1999 - Economics and Philosophy 15 (2):235-247.
    It is sometimes believed that technical apects of a theorem have little to do with the policy implications of the theorem. On the contrary, in this paper we argue that for the Coase Theorem, the technical details are very important in understanding the potential policy implications, since the two interact in a way that leads to a dilemma: a formally correct version of the theorem that yields the usual conclusions requires assumptions that are too restrictive to give the theorem much (...)
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  19.  26
    Regulation of Foods and Drugs and Libertarian Ideals: Perspectives of a Fellow-Traveler*: DANIEL D. POLSBY.Daniel D. Polsby - 1998 - Social Philosophy and Policy 15 (2):209-242.
    For one with libertarian sympathies, the official regulation of foods and drugs is presumptively a bad thing. One is most accustomed to seeing the argument in debates about legalizing marijuana and other hedonic drugs. And it remains a very good if by now well-trafficked question, which will be more well-trafficked still by the time this essay ends, why government should be in the business of telling people what sorts of chemical moodenhancers they may take. But as the criminologist James Jacobs (...)
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  20.  32
    Consciousness in Congenitally Decorticate Children: Developmental Vegetative State as Self-Fulfilling Prophecy.D. A. Shewmon, G. L. Holmes & P. A. Byrne - 1999 - Dev Med Child Neurol 41:364-374.
  21.  47
    A World of States of Affairs.John Heil & D. M. Armstrong - 1999 - Philosophical Review 108 (1):115.
    Despite heroic efforts, philosophers have found it increasingly difficult to evade discussion of metaphysical topics. Take the philosophy of mind. Take, in particular, the mind-body problem in its latest guise: the problem of causal relevance. If mental properties are not reducible to physical properties, how can we reconcile the role such properties seem to have in producing bodily motions that constitute actions with the apparent fact that the very same motions are entirely explicable on the basis of purely physical properties (...)
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  22.  21
    Moderate Realism and Its Logic.Amie L. Thomasson & D. W. Mertz - 1998 - Philosophical Review 107 (3):474.
    D. W. Mertz provides a "new" competitor in the universals debate by reviving, developing, and defending the medieval doctrine of Moderate Realism. This book is a substantial contribution to ontology and logic, combining interesting new arguments for polyadic relations and unit attributes, careful and thorough historical studies, and a logic that could solve many old problems.
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  23.  13
    Brain Death: A Conclusion in Search of a Justification.D. Alan Shewmon - 2018 - Hastings Center Report 48 (S4):S22-S25.
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  24.  68
    Papers in Metaphysics and Epistemology.D. M. Armstrong - 2001 - Philosophical Review 110 (1):77-79.
    This is part of a three-volume collection of most of David Lewis' papers in philosophy, except for those that previously appeared in his Philosophical Papers (Oxford University Press, 1983 and 1986). They are now offered in a readily accessible form. This second volume is devoted to Lewis' work in metaphysics and epistemology. The purpose of this collection, and the volumes that precede and follow it, is to disseminate more widely the work of an eminent and influential contemporary philosopher. The volume (...)
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  25.  66
    Materialism, Properties and Predicates.D. M. Armstrong - 1972 - The Monist 56 (2):163-176.
  26.  24
    On Collingwood's Rehabilitation of the Ontological Argument.Giuseppina D'Oro - 2000 - Idealistic Studies 30 (3):173-188.
    The paper is divided in two parts. In the first I consider the nature of Ryle's attack on Collingwood's appropriation of the ontological argument and Collingwood's defence in the unpublished correspondence. In the second, I go beyond the confines of the Ryle-Collingwood exchange in the mid 'thirties to say something much more general about the nature of Collingwood's metaphysics as well as to advance an explanation of the compatibility of Collingwood's combined defence of descriptive metaphysics and the ontological proof.
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  27.  23
    Aristotle’s de Interpretatione: Contradiction and Dialectic.D. L. Blank & C. W. A. Whitaker - 1999 - Philosophical Review 108 (1):134.
    From its title, which since antiquity has occasioned interpretations of varying ingenuity and implausibility and which the book under review is probably right to judge both inauthentic and inappropriate, to its final chapter, thought to be post-Aristotelian or an exercise by Porphyry and the Greek commentators who followed him, On Interpretation has long been considered one of Aristotle’s most puzzling works. Brief as it is, this treatise was divided into four main parts by Ammonius, dealing with the principles of the (...)
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  28.  16
    Other Times: Philosophical Perspectives on Past, Present and Future. [REVIEW]D. H. Mellor - 1999 - Philosophical Review 108 (3):428-430.
    The content and style of this book differ from those of most recent works on the topics listed in its title. In its first part, Cockburn does indeed address the current debate between advocates of tensed and tenseless views of time. Not however to try and settle it—God and Wittgenstein forbid!—but to argue that we who do try mistake for a metaphysical issue what is really an ethical one, namely the “place which tense should occupy in our justifications of action (...)
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  29.  22
    The Non-Logical Basis of Metaphysics.D. E. Bradshaw - 1996 - Idealistic Studies 26 (1):1-16.
    Michael Dummett begins The Logical Basis of Metaphysics by noting that most of the work done in analytic philosophy seems disconcertingly remote from any concern with the “deep questions of great import for an understanding of the world” that the non-professional expects it to answer. In part, he says, this is because modern analytic philosophy is founded upon a more penetrating analysis of the general structure of our thoughts than was available to past ages, namely, the apparatus of modern logic, (...)
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  30. What Is a Cognitive System?Robert D. Rupert - forthcoming - Cognitive Semantics 5.
    A theory of cognitive systems individuation is presented and defended. The approach has some affinity with Leonard Talmy's Overlapping Systems Model of Cognitive Organization, and the paper's first section explores aspects of Talmy's view that are shared by the view developed herein. According to the view on offer -- the conditional probability of co-contribution account (CPC) -- a cognitive system is a collection of mechanisms that contribute, in overlapping subsets, to a wide variety of forms of intelligent behavior. Central to (...)
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  31.  32
    Using Empirical Research to Formulate Normative Ethical Principles in Biomedicine.Mette Ebbesen & Birthe D. Pedersen - 2006 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 10 (1):33-48.
    Bioethical research has tended to focus on theoretical discussion of the principles on which the analysis of ethical issues in biomedicine should be based. But this discussion often seems remote from biomedical practice where researchers and physicians confront ethical problems. On the other hand, published empirical research on the ethical reasoning of health care professionals offer only descriptions of how physicians and nurses actually reason ethically. The question remains whether these descriptions have any normative implications for nurses and physicians? In (...)
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  32. Abortion and Moral Risk1: D. Moller.D. Moller - 2011 - Philosophy 86 (3):425-443.
    It is natural for those with permissive attitudes toward abortion to suppose that, if they have examined all of the arguments they know against abortion and have concluded that they fail, their moral deliberations are at an end. Surprisingly, this is not the case, as I argue. This is because the mere risk that one of those arguments succeeds can generate a moral reason that counts against the act. If this is so, then liberals may be mistaken about the morality (...)
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  33.  20
    Frege in Perspective. [REVIEW]Michael D. Resnik - 1990 - Philosophical Review 101 (4):893-895.
  34.  2
    The Problem of Cratylus.D. J. Allan - 1954 - American Journal of Philology 75 (3):271.
  35.  91
    Narrative and Understanding Persons.Daniel D. Hutto - 2007 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 60:1-16.
    The human world is replete with narratives – narratives of our making that are uniquely appreciated by us. Some thinkers have afforded special importance to our capacity to generate such narratives, seeing it as variously enabling us to: exercise our imaginations in unique ways; engender an understanding of actions performed for reasons; and provide a basis for the kind of reflection and evaluation that matters vitally to moral and self development. Perhaps most radically, some hold that narratives are essential for (...)
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  36. Innateness and the Situated Mind.Robert D. Rupert - 2009 - In P. Robbins & M. Aydede (eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of Situated Cognition. Cambridge University Press. pp. 96--116.
    forthcoming in P. Robbins and M. Aydede (eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of Situated Cognition (Cambridge UP).
     
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  37.  2
    Relational suffering and the moral authority of love and care.Georgina D. Campelia, Jennifer C. Kett & Aaron Wightman - 2020 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 41 (4):165-178.
    Suffering is a ubiquitous yet elusive concept in health care. In a field devoted to the pursuit of objective data, suffering is a phenomenon with deep ties to subjective experience, moral values, and cultural norms. Suffering’s tie to subjective experience makes it challenging to discern and respond to the suffering of others. In particular, the question of whether a child with profound neurocognitive disabilities can suffer has generated a robust discourse, rooted in philosophical conceptualizations of personhood as well as the (...)
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  38. Sex and Social Justice.Patrick D. Hopkins - 2000 - Hypatia 17 (2):171-173.
  39.  16
    Superstable Groups.Ch Berline & D. Lascar - 1986 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 30 (1):1-43.
  40.  49
    To Lie or Not to Lie? The Influence of Parenting and Theory-of-Mind Understanding on Three-Year-Old Children’s Honesty.Fengling Ma, Angela D. Evans, Ying Liu, Xianming Luo & Fen Xu - 2015 - Journal of Moral Education 44 (2):198-212.
    Prior studies have demonstrated that social-cognitive factors such as children’s false-belief understanding and parenting style are related to children’s lie-telling behaviors. The present study aimed to investigate how earlier forms of theory-of-mind understanding contribute to children’s lie-telling as well as how parenting practices are related to children’s antisocial lie-telling behaviors. Seventy-three three-year-olds from Hangzhou, P. R. China were asked not to peek at a toy in the experimenter’s absence. The majority of children who peeked, lied about it. Children’s lies were (...)
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  41.  50
    The Truth-Conduciveness Problem of Coherentism and a Sellarsian Explanatory Coherence Theory.Byeong D. Lee - 2017 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 25 (1):63-79.
    According to the truth-conduciveness problem of coherentism, the coherence theory of justification can hardly show that coherentist justification is truth-conducive. This problem is generally conceived as the most recalcitrant problem with the coherence theory. The purpose of this paper is to show that it does not pose a serious problem for a certain version of coherentism, namely a Sellarsian explanatory coherence theory of justification combined with the deflationary theory of truth. On this version of coherentism, our epistemic goal is to (...)
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  42.  60
    Review: Physicalism, or Something Near Enough. [REVIEW]D. Gene Witmer - 2006 - Mind 115 (460):1136-1141.
  43. Attention: Some Theoretical Considerations.J. A. Deutsch & D. Deutsch - 1963 - Psychological Review 70 (1):80-90.
    The selection of wanted from unwanted messages requires discriminatory mechanisms of as great a complexity as those in normal perception, as is indicated by behavioral evidence. The results of neurophysiology experiments on selective attention are compatible with this supposition. This presents a difficulty for Filter theory. Another mechanism is proposed, which assumes the existence of a shifting reference standard, which takes up the level of the most important arriving signal. The way such importance is determined in the system is further (...)
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  44. D'une Science À l'Autre des Concepts Nomades.D. Andler & Isabelle Stengers - 1987
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  45.  3
    Our suffering and the suffering of our time.John D. Lantos - 2020 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 41 (4):197-201.
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  46.  28
    A Kantian-Brandomian View of Concepts and The Problem of a Regress of Norms.Byeong D. Lee - 2019 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 27 (4):528-543.
    ABSTRACTAccording to the Kantian-Brandomian view of concepts, we can understand concepts in terms of norms or rules that bind those who apply them, and the application of a concept requires that th...
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  47.  3
    Brain Death.D. Wikler - 1984 - Journal of Medical Ethics 10 (2):101-102.
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  48.  49
    One or Two Types of Death? Attitudes of Health Professionals Towards Brain Death and Donation After Circulatory Death in Three Countries.D. Rodríguez-Arias, J. C. Tortosa, C. J. Burant, P. Aubert, M. P. Aulisio & S. J. Youngner - 2013 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 16 (3):457-467.
    This study examined health professionals’ (HPs) experience, beliefs and attitudes towards brain death (BD) and two types of donation after circulatory death (DCD)—controlled and uncontrolled DCD. Five hundred and eighty-seven HPs likely to be involved in the process of organ procurement were interviewed in 14 hospitals with transplant programs in France, Spain and the US. Three potential donation scenarios—BD, uncontrolled DCD and controlled DCD—were presented to study subjects during individual face-to-face interviews. Our study has two main findings: (1) In the (...)
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  49.  33
    The Social Nature of Saintliness and Moral Action: A View of William James's Varieties in Relation to St Ignatius and Lawrence Kohlberg.Ann Higgins-D'Alessandro & John J. Cecero Sj - 2003 - Journal of Moral Education 32 (4):357-371.
    This article argues that William James's thinking in The Varieties and elsewhere contains the view that social institutions, such as religious congregations and schools, are mediators between the private and public spheres of life, and are necessary for transforming personal feelings, ideals and beliefs into moral action. The Exercises of St Ignatius and the Just Community moral education approach serve as examples. Criticisms of the more commonly held view that James recognised only individual personal experiences as valid religious expressions are (...)
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  50.  31
    Capitalism with Morality.D. W. Haslett - 1996 - Clarendon Press.
    A philosophical account of an economic system that avoids both the moral failings of capitalism and the inefficiencies of socialism.
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