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Profile: Gurol Irzik
  1.  83
    Carnap and Kuhn: Arch Enemies or Close Allies?Gürol Irzik & Teo Grünberg - 1995 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 46 (3):285-307.
    We compare Carnap's and Kuhn's views on science. Although there are important differences between them, the similarities are striking. The basis for the latter is a pragmatically oriented semantic conventionalist picture of science, which suggests that the view that post-positivist philosophy of science constitutes a radical revolution which has no interesting affinities with logical positivism must be seriously mistaken.
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  2. Can Causes Be Reduced to Correlations?Gürol Irzik - 1996 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 47 (2):249-270.
    This paper argues against Papineau's claim that causal relations can be reduced to correlations and defends Cartwright's thesis that they can be nevertheless boot-strapped from them, given sufficiently rich causal background knowledge.
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  3. Armstrong's Account of Probabilistic Laws.Gürol Irzik - 1991 - Analysis 51 (4):214 - 217.
  4.  15
    Why Should Philosophers of Science Pay Attention to the Commercialization of Academic Science?Gürol Irzik - 2010 - In M. Dorato M. Suàrez (ed.), Epsa Epistemology and Methodology of Science. Springer. pp. 129--138.
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  5.  6
    Justice in the Distribution of Knowledge.Faik Kurtulmuş, Faik Kurtulmus, Gürol Irzık & Gurol Irzik - unknown
    In this article we develop an account of justice in the distribution of knowledge. We first argue that knowledge is a fundamental interest that grounds claims of justice due to its role in individuals’ deliberations about the common good, their personal good and the pursuit thereof. Second, we identify the epistemic basic structure of a society, namely, the institutions that determine individuals’ opportunities for acquiring knowledge and discuss what justice requires of them. Our main contention is that a systematic lack (...)
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  6. Singular Causation and Law.Gurol Irzik - 1990 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1990:537 - 543.
    Humean accounts of law are at the same time accounts of causation. Accordingly, since laws are nothing but contingent cosmic regularities, to be a cause is just to be an instance of such a law. Every particular cause-effect pair, according to these accounts, instantiates some law of nature. I argue that this claim is false. Singular causation without being governed by any law is logically and physically possible. Separating causes from laws enables us to see the distinct role each plays (...)
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  7.  18
    Justice in the Distribution of Knowledge.Faik Kurtulmus & Gürol Irzik - forthcoming - Episteme:1-18.
    In this article we develop an account of justice in the distribution of knowledge. We first argue that knowledge is a fundamental interest that grounds claims of justice due to its role in individuals’ deliberations about the common good, their personal good and the pursuit thereof. Second, we identify the epistemic basic structure of a society, namely, the institutions that determine individuals’ opportunities for acquiring knowledge and discuss what justice requires of them. Our main contention is that a systematic lack (...)
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  8.  59
    Back to Basics: A Philosophical Critique of Constructivism.Gürol Irzik - 2001 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 20 (2):157-175.
  9.  11
    Universalism, Multiculturalism, and Science Education.Gurol Irzik - 2001 - Science Education 85 (1):71-73.
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  10.  31
    New Directions for Nature of Science Research.Gürol Irzik & Robert Nola - 2014 - In Michael R. Matthews (ed.), International Handbook of Research in History, Philosophy and Science Teaching. Springer. pp. 999-1021.
    The idea of family resemblance, when applied to science, can provide a powerful account of the nature of science (NOS). In this chapter we develop such an account by taking into consideration the consensus on NOS that emerged in the science education literature in the last decade or so. According to the family resemblance approach, the nature of science can be systematically and comprehensively characterised in terms of a number of science categories which exhibit strong similarities and overlaps amongst diverse (...)
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  11.  49
    Causal Modeling: New Directions for Statistical Explanation.Gurol Irzik & Eric Meyer - 1987 - Philosophy of Science 54 (4):495-514.
    Causal modeling methods such as path analysis, used in the social and natural sciences, are also highly relevant to philosophical problems of probabilistic causation and statistical explanation. We show how these methods can be effectively used (1) to improve and extend Salmon's S-R basis for statistical explanation, and (2) to repair Cartwright's resolution of Simpson's paradox, clarifying the relationship between statistical and causal claims.
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  12.  82
    Popper's Piecemeal Engineering: What is Good for Science is Not Always Good for Society.Gürol Irzik - 1985 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 36 (1):1-10.
  13.  40
    Volume Introduction.Stephen Voss, Berna Kilinç & Gürol Irzik - 2007 - The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 5:11-13.
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  14.  60
    A Family Resemblance Approach to the Nature of Science for Science Education.Gürol Irzık, Gurol Irzik & Robert Nola - unknown
    Although there is universal consensus both in the science education literature and in the science standards documents to the effect that students should learn not only the content of science but also its nature, there is little agreement about what that nature is. This led many science educators to adopt what is sometimes called “the consensus view” about the nature of science (NOS), whose goal is to teach students only those characteristics of science on which there is wide consensus. This (...)
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  15.  19
    Book Review:The Road Since Structure Thomas S. Kuhn, J. Conant, J. Haugeland. [REVIEW]Gurol Irzik - 2001 - Philosophy of Science 68 (4):573-.
  16.  60
    Introduction to the Synthese Special Issue on Hans Reichenbach, Istanbul, and Experience and Prediction.Gürol Irzık & Elliott Sober - 2011 - Synthese 181 (1):1-2.
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  17. Changing Conceptions of Rationality.Gurol Irzik - 2003 - In Paolo Parrini, Wes Salmon & Merrilee Salmon (eds.), Logical Empiricism: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives. Pittsburgh University Pres. pp. 325.
     
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  18.  35
    Science and its Discontents.Gürol Irzik - 2007 - The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 13:147-161.
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  19.  48
    Hans Reichenbach in Istanbul.Gürol Irzık - 2011 - Synthese 181 (1):157 - 180.
    Fleeing from the Nazi regime, along with many German refugees, Hans Reichenbach came to teach at Istanbul University in 1933, accepting the invitation of the Turkish government and stayed in Istanbul until 1938. While much is known about his work and life in Istanbul, the existing literature relies mostly on his letters and works. In this article I try to shed more light on Reichenbach's scholarly activities and personal life by also taking into account the Turkish sources and the academic (...)
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  20.  32
    Probabilistic Metaphysics.Gürol Irzik - 1986 - Teaching Philosophy 9 (2):178-180.
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  21.  11
    Votes and Lab Coats: Democratizing Scientific Research and Science Policy. [REVIEW]Gürol Irzık & A. Faik Kurtulmuş - 2013 - Metascience 22 (1):45-61.
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  22.  17
    Human Needs, Consumption, and Social Policy.Ayşe Buğra & Gürol Irzik - 1999 - Economics and Philosophy 15 (2):187.
    From its early origins to the present, the development of mainstream economic theory has taken a direction which has excluded the analysis of human needs as a basis for social policy. The problems associated with this orientation are increasingly recognized both by economists and non-economists. As Sen points out, it is indeed strange for a discipline concerned with the well-being of people to neglect the question of needs. Currently, some writers such as Doyal and Gough, post-Keynesian economists such as Lavoie, (...)
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  23.  9
    Introduction: Commercialization of Academic Science and a New Agenda for Science Education.Gürol Irzık & Gurol Irzik - unknown
    Certain segments of science are becoming increasingly commercialized. This article discusses the commercialization of academic science and its impact on various aspects of science. It also aims to provide an introduction to the articles in this special issue. I briefly describe the major factors that led to this phenomenon, situate it in the context of the changing social regime of science and give a thumbnail sketch of its costs and benefits. I close with a general discussion of how the topic (...)
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  24.  7
    Karl Raimund Popper.Gürol Irzık & Gurol Irzik - unknown
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  25.  5
    Commercialisation and Commodification of Science: Educational Responses (Thematic Issue).Gürol Irzık & Gurol Irzik - 2013 - Science and Education 22 (10).
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  26.  5
    2 Kuhn and Logical Positivism.Gürol Irzik - 2012 - In Vasō Kintē & Theodore Arabatzis (eds.), Kuhn's the Structure of Scientific Revolutions Revisited. Routledge. pp. 15.
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  27.  9
    Causal Modeling and the Statistical Analysis of Causation.Gurol Irzik - 1986 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1986:12 - 23.
    Recent philosophical studies of probabilistic causation and statistical explanation have opened up the possibility of unifying philosophical approaches with causal modeling as practiced in the social and biological sciences. This unification rests upon the statistical tools employed, the principle of common cause, the irreducibility of causation to statistics, and the idea of causal process as a suitable framework for understanding causal relationships. These four areas of contact are discussed with emphasis on the relevant aspects of causal modeling.
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  28.  2
    The Internal-External Distinction Sheds Light on the History of the Twentieth-Century Philosophy of Science.Gürol Irzik - 2015 - In Ana Simões, Jürgen Renn & Theodore Arabatzis (eds.), Relocating the History of Science. Springer Verlag.
    Drawing on the recent revisionary scholarship regarding logical positivism and its relation to the early post-positivism, I display and question the standard historical understanding of the analytical philosophy of science from the late 1920s to the mid-1970s. I then propose an alternative account based on the internal-external distinction. I conclude by showing some advantages of my alternative narrative that does more justice to the logical positivism than the standard understanding and suggest some further lines of research that it opens up.
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  29.  3
    Which Multiculturalism?Gürol Irzik & Sibel Irzik - 2002 - Science and Education 11 (4):393-403.
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  30.  6
    Cartwright, Capacities, and Probabilities.Gurol Irzik - 1992 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1992:239 - 250.
    I argue that Nancy Cartwright's largely methodological arguments for capacities and against Hume's regularity account of causation are only partially successful. They are especially problematic in establishing the primacy of singular causation and the reality of mixed-dual capacities. Therefore, her arguments need to be supported by ontological ones, and I propose the propensity interpretation of causal probabilities as a natural way of doing this.
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  31.  2
    Discussione su "Dogma contro critica" di Thomas S. Kuhn.Corrado Sinigaglia, Roberta Lanfredini & Gürol Irzik - 2000 - Iride: Filosofia e Discussione Pubblica 13 (3):625-648.
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  32. Armstrong's account of probabilistic laws.GÜrol Irzik - 1991 - Erkenntnis 51:214.
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  33. Arda Denkel Anısına yazılar.Gürol Irzik - 2000 - Felsefe Tartismalari 27:9-28.
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  34. Berent Enç.Gürol Irzık & İlhan İnan - 2003 - Felsefe Tartismalari 30:5-6.
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  35. Critical Rationalism.Gurol Irzik - 2008 - In Stathis Psillos Martin Curd (ed.), The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Science.
     
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  36. Science and its Discontents.Gürol Irzik - 2007 - The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 13:147-161.
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  37. Yanlışlamacı Bilim Felsefesi: Genel Bir Değerlendirme.Gürol Irzık - 2001 - Felsefe Tartismalari 28:19-36.
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  38. Logic and Philosophy of Science. Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy.Berna Kilinç, Gürol Irzik & Stephen Voss (eds.) - 2007
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