122 found
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  1. Analogical Investigations: Historical and Cross-Cultural Perspectives on Human Reasoning.G. E. R. Lloyd - 2015 - Cambridge University Press.
    Western philosophy and science are responsible for constructing some powerful tools of investigation, aiming at discovering the truth, delivering robust explanations, verifying conjectures, showing that inferences are sound and demonstrating results conclusively. By contrast reasoning that depends on analogies has often been viewed with suspicion. Professor Lloyd first explores the origins of those Western ideals, criticises some of their excesses and redresses the balance in favour of looser, admittedly non-demonstrative analogical reasoning. For this he takes examples both from ancient Greek (...)
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  2.  40
    Aristotelian Explorations.G. E. R. Lloyd - 1996 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book challenges several widespread views concerning Aristotle's methods and practices of scientific and philosophical research. Taking central topics in psychology, zoology, astronomy and politics, Professor Lloyd explores generally unrecognised tensions between Aristotle's deeply held a priori convictions and his remarkable empirical honesty in the face of complexities in the data or perceived difficult or exceptional cases. The picture that emerges of Aristotle's actual engagement in scientific research and of his own reflections on that research is substantially more complex than (...)
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  3. Adversaries and Authorities: Investigations Into Ancient Greek and Chinese Science.G. E. R. Lloyd - 1996 - Cambridge University Press.
    This is a wide-ranging exploration of the similarities and differences between ancient Greek and ancient Chinese science and philosophy, concentrating on the period down to AD 300. Professor Lloyd studies such questions as the attitudes towards authority, the practice of confrontational debate, the role of methodological inquiries, the development of techniques of persuasion, the assumptions made about causal explanation and the focus of interest in the study of the heavens and in that of the human body. In each case the (...)
     
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  4.  16
    Polarity and Analogy.D. W. Hamlyn & G. E. R. Lloyd - 1968 - Philosophical Review 77 (2):242.
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  5.  26
    In the Grip of Disease: Studies in the Greek Imagination.G. E. R. Lloyd - 2003 - Oxford University Press.
    This original and lively book uses texts from ancient medicine, epic, lyric, tragedy, historiography, philosophy, and religion to explore the influence of Greek ideas on health and disease on Greek thought. Fundamental issues are deeply implicated: causation and responsibility, purification and pollution, the mind-body relationship and gender differences, authority and the expert, reality and appearances, good government, and good and evil themselves.
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  6.  33
    Polarity and Analogy: Two Types of Argumentation in Early Greek Thought.G. E. R. Lloyd - 1966 - Cambridge University Press.
    Lloyd's classic study investigates two modes of argument and explanation frequently found in Greek writings from Homer through Aristotle: polarity and analogy. Lloyd shows us the extent to which the Greeks before Plato and Aristotle were conscious of theological problems implicit in these modes of argument and explanation, and how Plato laid the groundwork for their analysis.
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  7.  18
    Being, Humanity, and Understanding: Studies in Ancient and Modern Societies.G. E. R. Lloyd - 2012 - Oxford University Press.
    Humanity between gods and beasts? -- Error -- Ancient understandings reassessed and the consequences for ontologies -- Language and audiences -- Philosophical implications.
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  8. Being, Humanity, and Understanding: Studies in Ancient and Modern Societies.G. E. R. Lloyd - 2014 - Oxford University Press UK.
    G. E. R. Lloyd explores the amazing diversity of views that humans have held on being, humanity, and understanding. In a cross-cultural study that ranges from ancient to modern times, he asks how far we are bound by the conceptual systems to which we belong, and explores topics such as ontology, morality, philosophy of language, and communication.
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  9.  25
    Saving the Appearances.G. E. R. Lloyd - 1978 - Classical Quarterly 28 (01):202-.
    ‘Saving the appearances’, , is a slogan that, in its time, stood or was made to stand for many different methodological positions in many different branches of ancient natural science. It is not my aim, in this paper, to attempt to tackle the subject as a whole. I shall concentrate on just one inquiry, astronomy. Nor, with astronomy, can I do justice to all the complexities of what was certainly one of the central methodological issues, if not the central issue, (...)
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  10. In the Grip of Disease: Studies in the Greek Imagination.G. E. R. Lloyd - 2003 - Oxford University Press.
    This original and lively book uses texts from ancient medicine, epic, lyric, tragedy, historiography, philosophy, and religion to explore the influence of Greek ideas on health and disease on Greek thought. Fundamental issues are deeply implicated: causation and responsibility, purification and pollution, the mind-body relationship and gender differences, authority and the expert, reality and appearances, good government, and good and evil themselves.
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  11. Polarity and Analogy, Two types of argumentation in early Greek thought.G. E. R. Lloyd - 1969 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 159:275-278.
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  12. Magic, Reason and Experience.G. E. R. Lloyd - 1981 - Philosophy 56 (217):433-435.
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  13.  16
    The Revolutions of Wisdom: Studies in the Claims and Practice of Ancient Greek Science. [REVIEW]Helen King & G. E. R. Lloyd - 1991 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 111 (2):231-232.
  14.  52
    Richard J. Durling : Galenus Latinus II. Burgundio of Pisa's Translation of Galen's ΠΕΡΙ ΤΩΝ ΠΕΠΟΝΘΟΤΩΝ ΤΟΠΩΝ ‘De Interioribus’. Vol. 1, Introduction and Text. Pp. 1–178. Vol. 2, Critical Notes and Indices. Pp. 185–450. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner, 1992. Paper, DM 178. [REVIEW]G. E. R. Lloyd - 1993 - The Classical Review 43 (2):423-423.
  15.  27
    Aristotle: The Growth and Structure of His Thought.Christopher Kirwan & G. E. R. Lloyd - 1969 - Philosophical Quarterly 19 (76):280.
    Dr Lloyd writes for those who want to discover and explore Aristotle's work for themselves. He acts as mediator between Aristotle and the modern reader. The book is divided into two parts. The first tells the story of Aristotle's intellectual development as far as it can be reconstructed; the second presents the fundamentals of his thought in the main fields of inquiry which interested him: logic and metaphysics, physics, psychology, ethics, politics, and literary criticism. The final chapter considers the unity (...)
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  16.  24
    Science, Folklore and Ideology: Studies in the Life Sciences in Ancient Greece.G. E. R. Lloyd - 1983 - Cambridge University Press.
    Taking a set of central issues from ancient Greek medicine and biology, this book studies firstly, the interaction between scientific theorising and folklore or popular assumptions; secondly, the ideological character of scientific inquiry. Topics of interest in the philosphy and sociology of science illuminated here include the relationship between primitive thought and early science, the roles of the consensus on the scientific community, tradition and the authority of the written text, in the development of science.
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  17.  12
    Fortunes of Analogy.G. E. R. Lloyd - 2017 - Australasian Philosophical Review 1 (3):236-249.
    ABSTRACTThis article, which summarises some of the main arguments of Analogical Investigations [Lloyd 2015], undertakes a comparative cross-cultural critique of the dominant Western view that downgrades analogy especially when that is contrasted unfavourably with a notion of axiomatic-deductive demonstration aiming to secure incontrovertible conclusions. It draws on materials from ancient Greece, ancient China and modern social anthropology and philosophy of science to explore the problems of translation and mutual intelligibility. It develops the idea of semantic stretch to qualify the literal/metaphorical (...)
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  18.  42
    Brad Inwood : The Poem of Empedocles. A Text and Translation with an Introduction. Pp. X + 320. Toronto, Buffalo and London: University of Toronto Press, 1992. £31.95. [REVIEW]G. E. R. Lloyd - 1993 - The Classical Review 43 (1):164-164.
  19.  41
    The Philebus - J. C. B. Gosling: Plato, Philebus, Translated with Notes and Commentary. Pp. Xxi + 238. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1975. Cloth £6. [REVIEW]G. E. R. Lloyd - 1977 - The Classical Review 27 (2):173-175.
  20.  9
    Reasoning and Culture in a Historical Perspective.G. E. R. Lloyd - 2013 - Journal of Cognition and Culture 13 (5):437-457.
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  21.  25
    Disciplines in the Making: Cross-Cultural Perspectives on Elites, Learning, and Innovation.G. E. R. Lloyd - 2009 - Oxford University Press.
    We tend to assume that our map of the intellectual disciplines is valid cross-culturally. G. E. R. Lloyd challenges this in relation to eight main areas of human endeavour, namely philosophy, mathematics, history, medicine, art, law, religion, and science, by examining how the disciplines were conceived and developed in different times and places.
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  22.  30
    Introduction: Contexts for a Comparative Relativism.Casper Bruun Jensen, Barbara Herrnstein Smith, G. E. R. Lloyd, Martin Holbraad, Andreas Roepstorff, Isabelle Stengers, Helen Verran, Steven D. Brown, Brit Ross Winthereik, Marilyn Strathern, Bruce Kapferer, Annemarie Mol, Morten Axel Pedersen, Eduardo Viveiros de Castro, Matei Candea, Debbora Battaglia & Roy Wagner - 2011 - Common Knowledge 17 (1):1-12.
    This introduction to the Common Knowledge symposium titled “Comparative Relativism” outlines a variety of intellectual contexts where placing the unlikely companion terms comparison and relativism in conjunction offers analytical purchase. If comparison, in the most general sense, involves the investigation of discrete contexts in order to elucidate their similarities and differences, then relativism, as a tendency, stance, or working method, usually involves the assumption that contexts exhibit, or may exhibit, radically different, incomparable, or incommensurable traits. Comparative studies are required to (...)
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  23. Science, Folklore and Ideology: Studies in the Life Sciences in Ancient Greece.G. E. R. Lloyd - 1984 - Phronesis 29 (2):174-187.
     
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  24.  20
    The Ideals of Inquiry: An Ancient History.G. E. R. Lloyd - 2014 - Oxford University Press.
    Long before science as we know it existed, sophisticated studies of the physical world were undertaken-in Mesopotamia, India, China, and Greece. G. E. R. Lloyd explores the methods, subject-matter, and aims of those studies. He illuminates the origins of human intellectual inquiry, finding similarities and differences across cultures.
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  25.  10
    Saving the Appearances.G. E. R. Lloyd - 1978 - Classical Quarterly 28 (1):202-222.
    ‘Saving the appearances’,, is a slogan that, in its time, stood or was made to stand for many different methodological positions in many different branches of ancient natural science. It is not my aim, in this paper, to attempt to tackle the subject as a whole. I shall concentrate on just one inquiry, astronomy. Nor, with astronomy, can I do justice to all the complexities of what was certainly one of the central methodological issues, if not the central issue, in (...)
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  26. Theories and Practices of Demonstration in Galen.G. E. R. Lloyd - 1996 - In Michael Frede & Gisela Striker (eds.), Rationality in Greek Thought. Oxford University Press.
     
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  27. The Revolutions of Wisdom: Studies in the Claims and Practice of Ancient Greek Science.G. E. R. Lloyd - 1990 - Phronesis 35 (3):315-326.
     
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  28. Polarity and Analogy: two types of argumentation in early greek thought. [REVIEW]G. E. R. Lloyd - 1968 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 73:364.
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  29.  17
    Greek Science After Aristotle.James Longrigg & G. E. R. Lloyd - 1975 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 95:234-236.
  30. Magic, Reason and Experience: Studies in the Origin and Development of Greek Science.G. E. R. Lloyd - 1979 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book is a study of the origins and development of Greek science, focusing especially on the interactions of scientific and traditional patterns of thought from the sixth to the fourth centuries BC. The starting point is an examination of how certain Greek authors deployed the category of 'magic' and attacked magical beliefs and practices, and these attacks are related to their complex background in Greek medicine and speculative thought. In his second chapter Dr Lloyd outlines the development, and assesses (...)
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  31.  28
    The Hot and the Cold, the Dry and the Wet in Greek Philosophy.G. E. R. Lloyd - 1964 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 84:92-106.
  32.  16
    The Hippogratic Question.G. E. R. Lloyd - 1975 - Classical Quarterly 25 (02):171-.
    The question of determining the genuine works of Hippocrates, a topic already much discussed by the ancient commentators, still continues to be actively debated, although the disagreements among scholars remain, it seems, almost as wide as ever. In comparatively recent times, Edelstein's IIEPI AEPQN and two subsequent studies of his written in the 1930s and marked a turning-point in that they presented a particularly clear and comprehensive statement of the sceptical view, according to which Hippocrates is, as Wilamowitz put it (...)
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  33.  56
    The Development of Aristotle's Theory of the Classification of Animals.G. E. R. Lloyd - 1961 - Phronesis 6 (1):59-81.
  34. Galen and His Contemporaries.G. E. R. Lloyd - 2008 - In R. J. Hankinson (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Galen. Cambridge University Press.
     
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  35. Science, Folklore and Ideology. Studies in the Life Sciences in Ancient Greece.G. E. R. Lloyd - 1984 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 174 (4):447-451.
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  36.  79
    Popper Versus Kirk: A Controversy in the Interpretation of Greek Science.G. E. R. Lloyd - 1967 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 18 (1):21-38.
  37.  47
    Archimède, Ménélaos d'Alexandrie Et le ‘Carmen de Ponderibus Et Mensuris’: Contributions À l'Histoire des Sciences. [REVIEW]G. E. R. Lloyd - 1990 - The Classical Review 40 (2):525-526.
  38.  22
    Right and Left in Greek Philosophy.G. E. R. Lloyd - 1962 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 82:56-66.
  39.  2
    Notes on the Framework for Comparing Science and Philosophy Across Civilizations.G. E. R. Lloyd - 2013 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 40 (S1):39-46.
    How far can we construct a framework within which to compare different traditions of philosophy and science across civilizations? The first problem lies with the terms “philosophy” and “science” themselves, for they carry particular associations in Western thought, some of which contribute to the mistaken view that they are uniquely Western activities. This brief article refutes that view, examining how we can compare the philosophical and scientific achievements of different cultures, and further challenging the sharp positivist dichotomy between “science” and (...)
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  40. Aristotle on Mind and the Senses.G. E. R. Lloyd & G. E. L. Owen - 1979 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 41 (2):319-319.
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  41. Aspects of the Relationship Between Aristotle's Psychology and His Zoology.G. E. R. Lloyd - 1992 - In Martha Craven Nussbaum & Amélie Rorty (eds.), Essays on Aristotle's de Anima. Oxford University Press.
     
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  42.  13
    The Revolutions of Wisdom: Studies in the Claims and Practice of Ancient Greek Science.Elizabeth Asmis & G. E. R. Lloyd - 1991 - Philosophical Review 100 (2):321.
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  43.  42
    Rufus von Ephesos Ülber Die Nieren- Und Blasenleiden. [REVIEW]G. E. R. Lloyd - 1979 - The Classical Review 29 (1):191-192.
  44. Polarity and Analogy, Two Types of Argumentation in Early Greek Thought.G. E. R. Lloyd - 1968 - Philosophy 43 (165):288-290.
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  45.  43
    Aspects of the Interrelations of Medicine, Magic and Philosophy in Ancient Greece.G. E. R. Lloyd - 1975 - Apeiron 9 (1):1 - 16.
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  46.  40
    Vorträge des Ersten Symposions des Bamberger Arbeitskreises ‘Antike Naturwissenschaft Und Ihre Rezeption’. [REVIEW]G. E. R. Lloyd - 1992 - The Classical Review 42 (1):233-234.
  47. Aristotle on Mind and the Senses.G. E. R. Lloyd & G. E. L. Owen (eds.) - 2007 - Cambridge University Press.
    The Symposia Aristotelica were inaugurated at Oxford in 1957. They are conferences of select groups of Aristotelian scholars from the UK, USA and Europe, and are held every three years. In 1975 the meeting was held in Cambridge and was devoted to Aristotle's psychological treatises, the De anima and the Parva uaturalia. The members of the conference discussed some of the much debated problems of Aristotle's psychology and broached important new topics such as his ideas on imagination. Dr Lloyd and (...)
     
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  48.  8
    Multidimensional Reality.G. E. R. Lloyd - 2011 - Common Knowledge 17 (1):27-30.
    This piece is a response to Barbara Herrnstein Smith's article, “The Chimera of Relativism: A Tragicomedy,” in the Common Knowledge symposium on “comparative relativism.” The theme is complexity—as distinct from simple contrast or binarism of any kind—similarities as well as differences are observed in ancient Chinese and ancient Greek responses to cultural difference; also the significantly different views of these matters among the Greek philosophers. In the same vein, discussing studies of cultural/linguistic variability or counterclaimed universality among humans in color (...)
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  49. Methods and Problems in Greek Science: Selected Papers.G. E. R. Lloyd - 1993 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book was first published in 1991. The study of ancient science and its relations with Greek philosophy has made a significant and growing contribution to our understanding of ancient thought and civilisation. This collection of articles on Greek science contains fifteen of the most important papers published by G. E. R. Lloyd in this area since 1961, together with three newer articles. The topics range over all areas and periods of Greek science, from the earliest Presocratic philosophers to Ptolemy (...)
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  50.  8
    Polarity and Analogy: Two Types of Argumentation in Early Greek Thought. [REVIEW]Helen King & G. E. R. Lloyd - 1989 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 109 (165):225-226.
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