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G. K. D. Crozier
Laurentian University
  1. Chimpanzee Rights: The Philosophers' Brief.Kristin Andrews, Gary Comstock, G. K. D. Crozier, Sue Donaldson, Andrew Fenton, Tyler John, L. Syd M. Johnson, Robert Jones, Will Kymlicka, Letitia Meynell, Nathan Nobis, David M. Pena-Guzman & Jeff Sebo - 2018 - London: Routledge.
    In December 2013, the Nonhuman Rights Project (NhRP) filed a petition for a common law writ of habeas corpus in the New York State Supreme Court on behalf of Tommy, a chimpanzee living alone in a cage in a shed in rural New York (Barlow, 2017). Under animal welfare laws, Tommy’s owners, the Laverys, were doing nothing illegal by keeping him in those conditions. Nonetheless, the NhRP argued that given the cognitive, social, and emotional capacities of chimpanzees, Tommy’s confinement constituted (...)
  2.  27
    How to address the ethics of reproductive travel to developing countries: A comparison of national self-sufficiency and regulated market approaches.G. K. D. Crozier & Dominique Martin - 2012 - Developing World Bioethics 12 (1):45-54.
    One of the areas of concern raised by cross-border reproductive travel regards the treatment of women who are solicited to provide their ova or surrogacy services to foreign consumers. This is particularly troublesome in the context of developing countries where endemic poverty and low standards for both medical care and informed consent may place these women at risk of exploitation and harm. We explore two contrasting proposals for policy development regarding the industry, both of which seek to promote ethical outcomes (...)
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  3.  47
    Care workers in the global market Appraising applications of feminist care ethics.G. K. D. Crozier - 2010 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 3 (1):113-137.
    In the current global care regime, care shortages in wealthy nations such as the United States, Canada, Italy, and Hong Kong are being addressed through the global supply of cheap migrant care labor from less wealthy nations. This paper argues that Feminist Care Ethics has a great deal to offer in the analysis of this global care regime. Joan Tronto's own critiques of the migration of care workers have focused on analogies between workers and imported slaves: both are intrinsically exploited, (...)
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  4.  15
    Towards Improving the Ethics of Ecological Research.G. K. D. Crozier & Albrecht I. Schulte-Hostedde - 2015 - Science and Engineering Ethics 21 (3):577-594.
    We argue that the ecological research community should develop a plan for improving the ethical consistency and moral robustness of the field. We propose a particular ethics strategy—specifically, an ongoing process of collective ethical reflection that the community of ecological researchers, with the cooperation of applied ethicists and philosophers of biology, can use to address the needs we identify. We suggest a particular set of conceptual and analytic tools that, we argue, collectively have the resources to provide an empirically grounded (...)
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  5.  84
    At the intersections of emotional and biological labor: Understanding transnational commercial surrogacy as social reproduction.G. K. D. Crozier, Jennifer L. Johnson & Christopher Hajzler - 2014 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 7 (2):45-74.
    Drawing on conceptual tools from philosophical bioethics, economics, and materialist feminism, we advocate viewing transnational commercial surrogacy as labor and consider what it means to compensate women for this work. We find two distinct but interrelated concerns emerge in our discussion of wages for surrogates: how to value and compensate for social reproduction, and how to establish a fair wage for surrogates. We explore limitations of minimum wage policy in addressing the undervaluation of biological and emotional labor in the transnational (...)
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  6.  46
    Reconsidering cultural selection theory.G. K. D. Crozier - 2008 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 59 (3):455-479.
    This paper examines conceptual issues that arise in applications of Darwinian natural selection to cultural systems. I argue that many criticisms of cultural selectionist models have been based on an over-detailed reading of the analogy between biological and cultural units of selection. I identify five of the most powerful objections to cultural selection theory and argue that none cuts to its heart. Some objections are based on mistaken assumptions about the simplicity of the mechanisms of biological heredity. Other objections are (...)
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  7.  31
    The ethical physician encounters international medical travel.G. K. D. Crozier & F. Baylis - 2010 - Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (5):297-301.
    International medical travel occurs when patients cross national borders to purchase medical goods and services. On occasion, physicians in home countries will be the last point of domestic contact for patients seeking healthcare information before they travel abroad for care. When this is the case, physicians have a unique opportunity to inform patients about their options and help guide them towards ethical practices. This opportunity brings to the fore an important question: What role should physicians in more-developed home countries play (...)
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  8.  28
    NIMBY Claims, Free Riders and Universalisability.G. K. D. Crozier & Christopher Hajzler - 2010 - Ethics, Place and Environment 13 (3):317-320.
    In ‘Why not NIMBY?’, Simon Feldman and Derek Turner mount a compelling case that NIMBY claims are not intrinsically morally unjustified, despite the fact that NIMBY-claimants...
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  9.  8
    Too Blunt a Tool: A Case for Subsuming Analyses of Exploitation in Transnational Gestational Surrogacy Under a Justice or Human Rights Framework.G. K. D. Crozier - 2014 - American Journal of Bioethics 14 (5):38-40.
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  10.  11
    Careworkers in the global market: Appraising applications of feminist care ethics.G. K. D. Crozier - 2010 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 3 (1):113-137.
    Feminist Care Ethics has much to offer in an analysis of the international migration of care workers. This paper argues, however, that Joan Tronto’s analysis of this international care regime is incomplete insofar as it overlooks the ways in which the current global care market is progressive for the workers and the significant harms this market is inflicting on care receivers in source countries. In order for Feminist Care Ethics to fulfill its potential, it must be developed beyond a visionary (...)
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  11.  32
    The Philosophers’ Brief on Elephant Personhood.Gary Comstock, G. K. D. Crozier, Andrew Fenton, Tyler John, L. Syd M. Johnson, Robert C. Jones, Nathan Nobis, David M. Peña-Guzmán, James Rocha, Bernard E. Rollin & Jeff Sebo - 2020 - New York State Appellate Court.
    We submit this brief in support of the Nonhuman Rights Project’s efforts to secure habeas corpus relief for the elephant named Happy. We reject arbitrary distinctions that deny adequate protections to other animals who share with protected humans relevantly similar vulnerabilities to harms and relevantly similar interests in avoiding such harms. We strongly urge this Court, in keeping with the best philosophical standards of rational judgment and ethical standards of justice, to recognize that, as a nonhuman person, Happy should be (...)
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  12.  8
    Stem Cell Tourism and The Role of Health Professional Organizations.G. K. D. Crozier & Kyle Thomsen - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (5):36-38.
  13.  60
    The Ethics of Moral Compromise for Stem Cell Research Policy.Zubin Master & G. K. D. Crozier - 2012 - Health Care Analysis 20 (1):50-65.
    In the US, stem cell research is at a moral impasse—many see this research as ethically mandated due to its potential for ameliorating major diseases, while others see this research as ethically impermissible because it typically involves the destruction of embryos and use of ova from women. Because their creation does not require embryos or ova, induced pluripotent stem cells offer the most promising path for addressing the main ethical objections to stem cell research; however, this technology is still in (...)
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  14.  68
    Jennifer Caseldine-Bracht is a Ph. D. student in the department of philosophy at Michigan State University. She is a research associate for the Institute of Human Rights at Indiana University-Purdue University, Fort Wayne. [REVIEW]G. K. D. Crozier & Maya J. Goldenberg - 2010 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 3 (1).
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  15.  62
    A formal investigation of Cultural Selection Theory: acoustic adaptation in bird song.G. K. D. Crozier - 2010 - Biology and Philosophy 25 (5):781-801.
    The greatest challenge for Cultural Selection Theory lies is the paucity of evidence for structural mechanisms in cultural systems that are sufficient for adaptation by natural selection. In part, clarification is required with respect to the interaction between cultural systems and their purported selective environments. Edmonds et al. have argued that Cultural Selection Theory requires simple, conclusive, unambiguous case studies in order to meet this challenge. To that end, this paper examines the songs of the Rufous-collared Sparrow, which seem to (...)
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  16.  50
    Market Stimulus and Genomic Justice: Evaluating the Effects of Market Access to Human Germ-Line Enhancement.G. K. D. Crozier & Christopher Hajzler - 2010 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 20 (2):161-179.
    In the debates surrounding the ethical dimensions of interventions in the human genome, much attention is paid to determining whether—and if so, how—market access to these technologies ought to be managed in order to maximize social benefit. There are those who advocate a “laissez-faire” free-market approach to the development and use of genetic and genomic interventions. We are sympathetic to this view insofar as we understand the workings of the market stimulus effect. We use the term “market stimulus effect” to (...)
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  17.  13
    Ethical Analyses of Predictive Brain Implants Should Be Consistent With Feminist Interpretations of Autonomy.G. K. D. Crozier & Timothy M. Krahn - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 6 (4):48-49.
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  18.  17
    Symbolism and Sacredness of Human Parthenotes.Zubin Master & G. K. D. Crozier - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (3):37-39.
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  19.  14
    Why Training in Ecological Research Must Incorporate Ethics Education.G. K. D. Crozier & Albrecht I. Schulte-Hostedde - 2015 - Hastings Center Report 45 (5):14-19.
    Like other science, technology, engineering, and mathematics fields, ecological research needs ethics. Given the rapid pace of technological developments and social change, it is important for scientists to have the vocabulary and critical-thinking skills necessary to identify, analyze, and communicate the ethical issues generated by the research and practices within their fields of specialization. The goal of introducing ethics education for ecological researchers would be to promote a discipline in which scientists are willing and able to engage in ethical questions (...)
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  20.  20
    Juvenile Ovarian Tissue Cryopreservation and Social Justice: An Imperative to Broaden the Discussion.G. K. D. Crozier & Brandon Michaud - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (6):46-47.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 12, Issue 6, Page 46-47, June 2012.
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  21.  18
    Agency and responsibility in health care worker migration.G. K. D. Crozier - 2009 - American Journal of Bioethics 9 (3):8 – 9.
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  22.  6
    A Canadian Perspective on Sass's Proposal to Initiate Charitable Incentives for Blood Donation.G. K. D. Crozier - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (6):48-49.