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Garry Young [26]Gary Young [9]G. M. Young [8]George Paxton Young [4]
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Profile: George Young (University of New England (United States))
Profile: Gareth Young
  1.  29
    The Principle of Alternate Possibilities as Sufficient but Not Necessary for Moral Responsibility: A Way to Avoid the Frankfurt Counter-Example.Garry Young - 2016 - Philosophia 44 (3):961-969.
    The aim of this paper is to present a version of the principle of alternate possibilities which is not susceptible to the Frankfurt-style counter-example. I argue that PAP does not need to be endorsed as a necessary condition for moral responsibility and, in fact, presenting PAP as a sufficient condition maintains its usefulness as a maxim for moral accountability whilst avoiding Frankfurt-style counter-examples. In addition, I provide a further sufficient condition for moral responsibility – the twin world condition – and (...)
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  2.  32
    Capgras Delusion: An Interactionist Model.G. YounG - 2008 - Consciousness and Cognition 17 (3):863-876.
    In this paper I discuss the role played by disturbed phenomenology in accounting for the formation and maintenance of the Capgras delusion. Whilst endorsing a two-stage model to explain the condition, I nevertheless argue that traditional accounts prioritise the role played by some form of second-stage cognitive disruption at the expense of the significant contribution made by the patient’s disturbed phenomenology, which is often reduced to such uninformative descriptions as “anomalous” or “strange”. By advocating an interactionist model, I argue that (...)
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  3.  23
    Enacting Taboos as a Means to an End; but What End? On the Morality of Motivations for Child Murder and Paedophilia Within Gamespace.Garry Young - 2013 - Ethics and Information Technology 15 (1):13-23.
    Video games are currently available which permit the virtual murder of children. No such games are presently available which permit virtual paedophilia. Does this disparity reflect a morally justifiable position? Focusing solely on different player motivations, I contrast two version of a fictitious game—one permitting the virtual murder of children, the other virtual paedophilia—in order to establish whether the selective prohibition of one activity over the other can be morally justified based on player motivation alone. I conclude that it cannot, (...)
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  4.  17
    On How a Child's Awareness of Thinking Informs Explanations of Thought Insertion.G. YounG - 2008 - Consciousness and Cognition 17 (3):848-862.
    Theories of thought insertion have tended to favour either the content of the putatively alien thought or some peculiarity within the experience itself as a means of explaining why the subject differentiates one thought from another in terms of personal ownership. There are even accounts that try to incorporate both of these characteristics. What all of these explanations share is the view that it is unexceptional for us to experience thought as our own. The aim of this paper is to (...)
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  5. Ethics in the Virtual World: The Morality and Psychology of Gaming.Garry Young - 2013 - Routledge.
    Ethics in the Virtual World examines the gamer's enactment of taboo activities in the context of both traditional and contemporary philosophical approaches to morality. The book argues that it is more productive to consider what individuals are able to cope with psychologically than to determine whether a virtual act or representation is necessarily good or bad. The book raises pertinent questions about one of the most rapidly expanding leisure pursuits in western culture: should virtual enactments warrant moral interest? Should there (...)
     
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  6. Ethical Considerations in Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Research in Acutely Comatose Patients.Charles Weijer, Tommaso Bruni, Teneille Gofton, G. Bryan Young, Loretta Norton, Andrew Peterson & Adrian M. Owen - 2015 - Brain:0-0.
    After severe brain injury, one of the key challenges for medical doctors is to determine the patient’s prognosis. Who will do well? Who will not do well? Physicians need to know this, and families need to do this too, to address choices regarding the continuation of life supporting therapies. However, current prognostication methods are insufficient to provide a reliable prognosis. -/- Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) holds considerable promise for improving the accuracy of prognosis in acute brain injury patients. Nonetheless, (...)
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  7.  31
    Bodily Knowing.Garry Young - 2004 - Philosophical Explorations 7 (1):37 – 54.
    This paper questions the view that knowledge must be articulable or at least experiential. It asserts that what distinguishes habitual yet intentional action from a mechanistic response is its grounding in a suitable claim to knowledge. However, it denies that a necessary condition for knowing how to perform an action is the ability of the subject to either articulate the particulars of that act, or experience it as appropriate.
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  8.  7
    A Meta-Ethical Approach to Single-Player Gamespace: Introducing Constructive Ecumenical Expressivism as a Means of Explaining Why Moral Consensus is Not Forthcoming.Garry Young - 2014 - Ethics and Information Technology 16 (2):91-102.
  9.  2
    Evidence-Informed Person-Centered Healthcare Part I: Do ‘Cognitive Biases Plus’ at Organizational Levels Influence Quality of Evidence?Shashi S. Seshia, Michael Makhinson, Dawn F. Phillips & G. Bryan Young - 2014 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 20 (6):734-747.
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  10.  73
    Restating the Role of Phenomenal Experience in the Formation and Maintenance of the Capgras Delusion.Garry Young - 2008 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 7 (2):177-189.
    In recent times, explanations of the Capgras delusion have tended to emphasise the cognitive dysfunction that is believed to occur at the second stage of two-stage models. This is generally viewed as a response to the inadequacies of the one-stage account. Whilst accepting that some form of cognitive disruption is a necessary part of the aetiology of the Capgras delusion, I nevertheless argue that the emphasis placed on this second-stage is to the detriment of the important role played by the (...)
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  11. Amending the Revisionist Model of the Capgras Delusion: A Further Argument for the Role of Patient Experience in Delusional Belief Formation.Garry Young - 2015 - Avant: Trends in Interdisciplinary Studies (3):89-112.
    Recent papers on the Capgras delusion have focused on the role played by subpersonal abductive inference in the formation and maintenance of the delusional belief. In these accounts, the delusional belief is posited as the first delusion-related event of which the patient is conscious. As a consequence, an explanatory role for anomalous patient experience is denied. The aim of this paper is to challenge this revisionist position and to integrate subpersonal inference within a model of the Capgras delusion which includes (...)
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  12.  16
    Violent Video Games and Morality: A Meta-Ethical Approach.Garry Young - 2015 - Ethics and Information Technology 17 (4):311-321.
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  13.  7
    Clarifying" Familiarity": Examining Differences in the Phenomenal Experiences of Patients Suffering From Prosopagnosia and Capgras Delusion.Garry Young - 2007 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 14 (1):29-37.
  14.  40
    Beliefs, Experiences and Misplaced Being: An Interactionist Account of Delusional Misidentification. [REVIEW]Garry Young - 2011 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 10 (2):195-215.
    This paper contrasts an interactionist account of delusional misidentification with more traditional one- and two-stage models. Unlike the unidirectional nature of these more traditional models, in which the aetiology of the disorder is said to progress from a neurological disruption via an anomalous experience to a delusional belief, the interactionist account posits the interaction of top-down and bottom-up processes to better explain the maintenance of the delusional belief. In addition, it places a greater emphasis on the patient’s underlying phenomenal experience (...)
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  15.  5
    Evidence-Informed Person-Centred Health Care : Are ‘Cognitive Biases Plus’ Underlying the EBM Paradigm Responsible for Undermining the Quality of Evidence?Shashi S. Seshia, Michael Makhinson & G. Bryan Young - 2014 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 20 (6):748-758.
  16.  12
    In What Sense 'Familiar'? Examining Experiential Differences Within Pathologies of Facial Recognition.Garry Young - 2009 - Consciousness and Cognition 18 (3):628-638.
    Explanations of Capgras delusion and prosopagnosia typically incorporate a dual-route approach to facial recognition in which a deficit in overt or covert processing in one condition is mirror-reversed in the other. Despite this double dissociation, experiences of either patient-group are often reported in the same way – as lacking a sense of familiarity toward familiar faces. In this paper, deficits in the facial processing of these patients are compared to other facial recognition pathologies, and their experiential characteristics mapped onto the (...)
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  17. Towards a Theory of Historical Dynamics.G. F. W. Young - 1976 - Diogenes 24 (94):11-33.
  18.  46
    Kant and the Phenomenon of Inserted Thoughts.Garry Young - 2006 - Philosophical Psychology 19 (6):823-837.
    Phenomenally, we can distinguish between ownership of thought (introspective awareness) and authorship of thought (an awareness of the activity of thinking), a distinction prompted by the phenomenon of thought insertion. Does this require the independence of ownership and authorship at the structural level? By employing a Kantian approach to the question of ownership of thought, I argue that a thought being my thought is necessarily the outcome of the interdependence of these two component parts (ownership and authorship). In addition, whilst (...)
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  19.  8
    Emotion Regulation Choice: The Role of Environmental Affordances.Gaurav Suri, Gal Sheppes, Gerald Young, Damon Abraham, Kateri McRae & James J. Gross - forthcoming - Cognition and Emotion:1-9.
    Which emotion regulation strategy one uses in a given context can have profound affective, cognitive, and social consequences. It is therefore important to understand the determinants of emotion regulation choice. Many prior studies have examined person-specific, internal determinants of emotion regulation choice. Recently, it has become clear that external variables that are properties of the stimulus can also influence emotion regulation choice. In the present research, we consider whether reappraisal affordances, defined as the opportunities for re-interpretation of a stimulus that (...)
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  20.  2
    Are Human Endogenous Retroviruses Pathogenic? An Approach to Testing the Hypothesis.George R. Young, Jonathan P. Stoye & George Kassiotis - 2013 - Bioessays 35 (9):794-803.
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  21.  51
    Virtually Real Emotions and the Paradox of Fiction: Implications for the Use of Virtual Environments in Psychological Research.Garry Young - 2010 - Philosophical Psychology 23 (1):1-21.
    Many of the psychological studies carried out within virtual environments are motivated by the idea that virtual research findings are generalizable to the non-virtual world. This idea is vulnerable to the paradox of fiction, which questions whether it is possible to express genuine emotion toward a character (or event) known to be fictitious. As many of these virtual studies are designed to elicit, broadly speaking, emotional responses through interactions with fictional characters (avatars) or objects/places, the issue raised by the paradox (...)
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  22.  4
    In Defense of Estrangement.Garry Young - 2007 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 14 (1):51-56.
  23.  41
    Shrieking, Just False and Exclusion.Gareth Young - 2015 - Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 4 (4):269-276.
    In a recent paper, Jc Beall has employed what he calls ‘shriek rules’ in a putative solution to the long-standing ‘just false’ problem for glut theory. The purpose of this paper is twofold: firstly, I distinguish the ‘just false’ problem from another problem, with which it is often conflated, which I will call the ‘exclusion problem’. Secondly, I argue that shriek rules do not help glut theorists with either problem.
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  24.  52
    Case Study Evidence for an Irreducible Form of Knowing How To: An Argument Against a Reductive Epistemology.Garry Young - 2009 - Philosophia 37 (2):341-360.
    Over recent years, there has been a resurgence of interest in arguments favouring intellectualism—the view that Ryle’s epistemic distinction is invalid because knowing how is in fact nothing but a species of knowing that. The aim of this paper is to challenge intellectualism by introducing empirical evidence supporting a form of knowing how that resists such a reduction. In presenting a form of visuomotor pathology known as visual agnosia, I argue that certain actions performed by patient DF can be distinguished (...)
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  25.  23
    Socrates and Obedience.Gary Young - 1974 - Phronesis 19 (1):1-29.
  26.  35
    Knowledge How, Ability, and the Type-Token Distinction.Garry Young - 2017 - Synthese 194 (2):593-607.
    This paper examines the relationship between knowing how to G and the ability to G, which is typically presented in one of the following ways: knowing how to G entails the ability to G; knowing how to G does not entail the ability to G. In an attempt to reconcile these two putatively opposing positions, I distinguish between type and token actions. It is my contention that S can know how to G in the absence of an ability to \, (...)
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  27.  1
    The Financial Experience of Hospitals with HMO Contracts: Evidence From Florida.Gary J. Young, James F. Burgess, Kamal R. Desai & Danielle Valley - 2002 - Inquiry: The Journal of Health Care Organization, Provision, and Financing 39 (1):67-75.
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  28.  8
    A Response to Coren’s Objections to the Principle of Alternate Possibilities as Sufficient but Not Necessary for Moral Responsibility.Garry Young - 2017 - Philosophia 45 (3):1365-1380.
    In this paper I respond to Coren’s argument against my 2016 paper in which I present a case for the principle of alternate possibilities as sufficient but not necessary for the ascription of moral responsibility ). I concede that Coren has identified aspects of my original position that are vulnerable to counter-examples. Nevertheless, through a simple amendment to my original argument I am able to respond to these counter-examples without undermining the foundations on which my 2016 paper was built. Moreover, (...)
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  29.  31
    Preserving the Role of Conscious Decision Making in the Initiation of Intentional Action.G. Young - 2006 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 13 (3):51-68.
    The aim of this paper is to challenge the claim that the neural activity commonly referred to as 'readiness potential' constitutes evidence for the unconscious initiation of action. Although I accept that such neural activity seriously challenges the commonly held view that one's sense of volition is causally efficacious, I nevertheless contend that much of our everyday engagement with the world is consciously initiated. Thus, a distinction is made between awareness and what the awareness is of: the latter constituting the (...)
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  30.  40
    Justice and Capitalist Production: Marx and Bourgeois Ideology.Gary Young - 1978 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 8 (3):421 - 455.
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  31.  1
    Single Specialty Hospitals and Service Competition.Kathleen Carey, James F. Burgess & Gary J. Young - 2009 - Inquiry: The Journal of Health Care Organization, Provision, and Financing 46 (2):162-171.
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  32.  83
    Igniting the Flicker of Freedom: Revisiting the Frankfurt Scenario.Garry Young - 2007 - Philosophia 35 (2):171-180.
    This paper aims to challenge the view that the sign present in many Frankfurt-style scenarios is insufficiently robust to constitute evidence for the possibility of an alternate decision, and therefore inadequate as a means of determining moral responsibility. I have amended Frankfurt’s original scenario, so as to allow Jones, as well as Black, the opportunity to monitor his (Jones’s) own inclination towards a particular decision (the sign). Different outcome possibilities are presented, to the effect that Jones’s awareness of his own (...)
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  33.  2
    Short-Term Outcomes After Surgical Resection for Colorectal Cancer in South Australia.Kerri Beckmann, James Moore, David Wattchow, Graeme Young & David Roder - 2017 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 23 (2):316-324.
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  34.  21
    Action Current Variation Along Nerves in Series.Gaylord Young - 1937 - Acta Biotheoretica 3 (2):149-152.
    Verteilung des Aktionsstromes längs zwei Nerven Die vonN. Rashevsky entwickelten Formeln für die Verteilung des Aktionsstromes in einer unendlichen Nervenfaser werden auf den Fall von zwei in Serie aneinander anliegenden Fasern verallgemeinert.Distribution du Courant d'action lelong de deux nerfs en série La théorie mathématique développée parN. Rashevsky pour le cas d'un nerf d'extension indéfinie est généralisée pour le cas d'un nerf aboutissant à distance finie à un autre nerf.
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  35.  60
    Ecological Perception Affords an Explanation of Object Permanence.Garry Young - 2005 - Philosophical Explorations 8 (2):189-208.
    In this paper I aim to present an explanation of object permanence that is derived from an ecological account of perceptually based action. In understanding why children below a certain age do not search for occluded objects, one must first understand the process by which these children perform certain intentional actions on non-occluded items; and to do this one must understand the role affordances play in eliciting retrieval behaviour. My affordance-based explanation is contrasted with Shinskey and Munakata's graded representation account; (...)
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  36.  14
    Archaic Marble Sculpture From the Acropolis: A Photographic Catalogue.B. A., Humfry Payne & Gerard Mackworth Young - 1936 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 56:247.
  37.  33
    Should Science Be Limited?Gregg De Young - 1996 - The Monist 79 (2):280-293.
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  38.  19
    Roman Egypt La Serie dei Prefetti di Egito. I. Da Ottaviano Augusto a Diocleziano (A. 3c Av. Cr.—A.D. 288.) By Luigi Cantarelli. Roma: Accademia dei Lincei. 1906. Pp. 78. 5 lire. [REVIEW]G. M. Young - 1907 - The Classical Review 21 (06):183-184.
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  39.  13
    The Greatness and Decline of Rome Ferrero: The Greatness and Decline of Rome. Vol. V. Translated by H. J. Chaytor. London: Heinemann. 1909. Pp. 371. 7s. 6d. [REVIEW]G. M. Young - 1909 - The Classical Review 23 (07):227-229.
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  40.  33
    Small Group Predictions on an Uncertain Outcome: The Effect of Nondiagnostic Information.George R. Young II, Kenneth H. Price & Cynthia Claybrook - 2001 - Theory and Decision 50 (2):149-167.
    Research has established that exposure to a combination of diagnostic (i.e., relevant) and nondiagnostic (i.e., irrelevant) information results in predictions that are more regressive than predictions based on diagnostic information (Hackenbrack, 1992; Hoffman and Patton, 1997). This phenomenon has been labeled the dilution effect (e.g., Tetlock and Boettger, 1989) and has been documented when individuals make predictions. This study tests for the dilution effect when small groups make predictions, and examines the effect of using a procedure designed to reduce the (...)
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  41.  8
    The John Frederick Lewis Collection, Part II.Tohru Gomi, M. Sigrist, D. I. Owen & G. D. Young - 1987 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 107 (1):146.
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  42.  13
    Authority.Gary Young - 1974 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 3 (4):563 - 583.
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  43.  16
    Delusions of Death and Immortality: A Consequence of Misplaced Being in Cotard Patients.Garry Young - forthcoming - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 19 (2):127-140.
  44. Self and Solute Diffusion in Zirconium.G. V. Kidson & G. J. Young - 1969 - Philosophical Magazine 20 (167):1047-1055.
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  45.  6
    Northern Frontier: The Policies and Strategy of the Later Han EmpireThree Generals of Later Han.William G. Boltz, Rafe de Crespigny & Gregory Young - 1987 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 107 (4):819.
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  46.  3
    Effects of Water Deprivation on Dry Licking for Shock Avoidance and Food Reinforcement in the Rat.Gerald A. Young & Abraham H. Black - 1979 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 14 (3):213-215.
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  47.  24
    Progressive Embodiment Within Cyberspace: Considering the Psychological Impact of the Supermorphic Persona.Garry Young & Monica Whitty - 2011 - Philosophical Psychology 24 (4):537 - 560.
    This paper is premised on the idea that cyberspace permits the user a degree of somatic flexibility?a means of transcending the physical body but not, importantly, embodiment. Set within a framework of progressive embodiment (the assumption that individuals seek to exploit somatic flexibility so as to extend the boundaries of their own embodiment?what we call the supermorphic persona), we examine the manner of this progression. Specifically, to what extent do components of embodiment?the self-as-object, the phenomenal self, and the body-schema?find authentic (...)
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  48.  11
    Treatment Patterns Among Colorectal Cancer Patients in South Australia: A Demonstration of the Utility of Population-Based Data Linkage.Kerri R. Beckmann, Alice Bennett, Graeme P. Young & David M. Roder - 2014 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 20 (4):467-477.
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  49.  9
    Coping with Offline Prohibited Actions in Gamespace: A Psychological Approach to Moral Well-Being in Gamers.Garry Young & Monica Whitty - 2012 - International Journal of Ethics 8 (3).
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  50.  5
    Doing Marx Justice.Gary Young - 1981 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 11 (sup1):251-268.
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