Results for 'GScott Waterman'

115 found
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  1. The six most essential questions in psychiatric diagnosis: a pluralogue part 3: issues of utility and alternative approaches in psychiatric diagnosis. [REVIEW]Peter Zachar, Owen Whooley, GScott Waterman, Jerome C. Wakefield, Thomas Szasz, Michael A. Schwartz, Claire Pouncey, Douglas Porter, Harold A. Pincus, Ronald W. Pies, Joseph M. Pierre, Joel Paris, Aaron L. Mishara, Elliott B. Martin, Steven G. LoBello, Warren A. Kinghorn, Andrew C. Hinderliter, Gary Greenberg, Nassir Ghaemi, Michael B. First, Hannah S. Decker, John Chardavoyne, Michael A. Cerullo & Allen Frances - 2012 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 7 (1):9-.
    In face of the multiple controversies surrounding the DSM process in general and the development of DSM-5 in particular, we have organized a discussion around what we consider six essential questions in further work on the DSM. The six questions involve: 1) the nature of a mental disorder; 2) the definition of mental disorder; 3) the issue of whether, in the current state of psychiatric science, DSM-5 should assume a cautious, conservative posture or an assertive, transformative posture; 4) the role (...)
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  2.  5
    Voltaire, Pascal, and human destiny.Mina Waterman - 1942 - New York,: Octagon Books.
    This scarce antiquarian book is a facsimile reprint of the original. Due to its age, it may contain imperfections such as marks, notations, marginalia and flawed pages. Because we believe this work is culturally important, we have made it available as part of our commitment for protecting, preserving, and promoting the world's literature in affordable, high quality, modern editions that are true to the original work.
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  3. Salience and Epistemic Egocentrism: An Empirical Study.Joshua Alexander, Chad Gonnerman & John Waterman - 2014 - In James Beebe (ed.), Advances in Experimental Epistemology. Continuum. pp. 97-117.
    Jennifer Nagel (2010) has recently proposed a fascinating account of the decreased tendency to attribute knowledge in conversational contexts in which unrealized possibilities of error have been mentioned. Her account appeals to epistemic egocentrism, or what is sometimes called the curse of knowledge, an egocentric bias to attribute our own mental states to other people (and sometimes our own future and past selves). Our aim in this paper is to investigate the empirical merits of Nagel’s hypothesis about the psychology involved (...)
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  4.  14
    We Are Still Here: A Photographic History of the American Indian Movement.Dick Bancroft, Laura Waterman Wittstock & Rigoberto Menchu Tum - 2013 - Borealis Books.
    The American Indian Movement, founded in 1968 in Minneapolis, burst into that turbulent time with passion, anger, and radical acts of resistance. Spurred by the Civil Rights movement, Native people began to protest the decades--centuries--of corruption, racism, and abuse they had endured. They argued for political, social, and cultural change, and they got attention. The photographs of activist Dick Bancroft, a key documentarian of AIM, provide a stunningly intimate view of this major piece of American history from 1970 to 1981. (...)
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  5. Bayesian confirmation and auxiliary hypotheses revisited: A reply to Strevens.Branden Fitelson & Andrew Waterman - 2005 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 56 (2):293-302.
    has proposed an interesting and novel Bayesian analysis of the Quine-Duhem (Q–D) problem (i.e., the problem of auxiliary hypotheses). Strevens's analysis involves the use of a simplifying idealization concerning the original Q–D problem. We will show that this idealization is far stronger than it might appear. Indeed, we argue that Strevens's idealization oversimplifies the Q–D problem, and we propose a diagnosis of the source(s) of the oversimplification. Some background on Quine–Duhem Strevens's simplifying idealization Indications that (I) oversimplifies Q–D Strevens's argument (...)
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  6. Comparative Bayesian Confirmation and the Quine–Duhem Problem: A Rejoinder to Strevens.Branden Fitelson & Andrew Waterman - 2007 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 58 (2):333-338.
    By and large, we think is a useful reply to our original critique of his article on the Quine–Duhem problem. But, we remain unsatisfied with several aspects of his reply. Ultimately, we do not think he properly addresses our most important worries. In this brief rejoinder, we explain our remaining worries, and we issue a revised challenge for Strevens's approach to QD.
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  7.  17
    Royal Correspondence of the Assyrian Empire, Parts 1-3.Theophile J. Meek & Leroy Waterman - 1933 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 53 (1):68.
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  8.  78
    Counterfeit testimony: lies, trust, and the exchange of information.Nicholas Tebben & John Philip Waterman - 2016 - Philosophical Studies 173 (11):3101-3117.
    Most explanations of the rational authority of testimony provide little guidance when evaluating individual pieces of testimony. In practice, however, we are remarkably sensitive to the varying epistemic credentials of testimony: extending trust when it is deserved, and withholding it when it is not. A complete account of the epistemology of testimony should, then, have something to say about when it is that testimony is trustworthy. In the typical case, to judge someone trustworthy requires judging them to be competent and (...)
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  9.  47
    Epistemic Free Riders and Reasons to Trust Testimony.Nicholas Tebben & John Waterman - 2015 - Social Epistemology 29 (3):270-279.
    Sinan Dogramaci has recently developed a view according to which the function of epistemic evaluations—like calling someone’s behavior “rational” or “irrational”—is to encourage or discourage the behavior evaluated. This view promises to explain the rational authority of testimony, by describing a social practice that promotes the coordination of epistemic procedures across a community. We argue that Dogramaci’s view is unsatisfactory, for two reasons. First, the social practice at its heart is vulnerable to free riders. Second, even if the problem of (...)
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  10.  4
    Generalization learning techniques for automating the learning of heuristics.D. A. Waterman - 1970 - Artificial Intelligence 1 (1-2):121-170.
  11.  32
    When you fail to see what you were told to look for: Inattentional blindness and task instructions.Anne Aimola Davies, Stephen Waterman, Rebekah White & Martin Davies - 2013 - Consciousness and Cognition 22 (1):221-230.
    Inattentional blindness studies have shown that an unexpected object may go unnoticed if it does not share the property specified in the task instructions. Our aim was to demonstrate that observers develop an attentional set for a property not specified in the task instructions if it allows easier performance of the primary task. Three experiments were conducted using a dynamic selective-looking paradigm. Stimuli comprised four black squares and four white diamonds, so that shape and colour varied together. Task instructions specified (...)
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  12.  5
    The Mansions of Virginia 1706-1776Boston after Bulfinch. An Account of Its Architecture, 1800-1900.Paul Zucker, Thomas Tileston Waterman & Walter H. Kilham - 1947 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 5 (3):236.
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  13.  15
    Processing bias for aggression words in forensic and nonforensic samples.Paul Smith & Mitch Waterman - 2003 - Cognition and Emotion 17 (5):681-701.
  14.  50
    When you fail to see what you were told to look for: Inattentional blindness and task instructions.Anne M. Aimola Davies, Stephen Waterman, Rebekah C. White & Martin Davies - 2013 - Consciousness and Cognition 22 (1):221-230.
    Inattentional blindness studies have shown that an unexpected object may go unnoticed if it does not share the property specified in the task instructions. Our aim was to demonstrate that observers develop an attentional set for a property not specified in the task instructions if it allows easier performance of the primary task. Three experiments were conducted using a dynamic selective-looking paradigm. Stimuli comprised four black squares and four white diamonds, so that shape and colour varied together. Task instructions specified (...)
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  15.  27
    A Rejoinder to Strevens.Branden Fitelson & Andrew Waterman - unknown
    By and large, we think Strevens’s [6] is a useful reply to our original critique [2] of his paper on the Quine–Duhem (QD) problem [5]. But, we remain unsatisfied with several aspects of his reply (and his original paper). Ultimately, we do not think he properly addresses our most important worries. In this brief rejoinder, we explain our remaining worries, and we issue a revised challenge for Strevens’s approach to QD.
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  16.  6
    Applying best practices to designing patient education for patients with end-stage renal disease pursuing kidney transplant.S. L. Skelton, A. D. Waterman, L. S. A. Davis, J. D. Peipert & A. F. Fish - unknown
    © 2015 NATCO, The Organization for Transplant Professionals.Despite the known benefits of kidney transplant, less than 30% of the 615 000 patients living with end-stage renal disease in the United States have received a transplant. More than 100 000 people are presently on the transplant waiting list. Although the shortage of kidneys for transplant remains a critical factor in explaining lower transplant rates, another important and modifiable factor is patients' lack of comprehensive education about transplant. The purpose of this article (...)
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  17.  9
    New roles in rehabilitation – the implications for nurses and other professionals.Emma Stanmore, Susan Ormrod & Heather Waterman - 2006 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 12 (6):656-664.
  18. Knowledge, certainty, and skepticism: A cross-cultural study.John Philip Waterman, Chad Gonnerman, Karen Yan & Joshua Alexander - 2018 - In Stephen Stich, Masaharu Mizumoto & Eric McCready (eds.), Epistemology for the rest of the world. Oxford University Press. pp. 187-214.
    We present several new studies focusing on “salience effects”—the decreased tendency to attribute knowledge to someone when an unrealized possibility of error has been made salient in a given conversational context. These studies suggest a complicated picture of epistemic universalism: there may be structural universals, universal epistemic parameters that influence epistemic intuitions, but that these parameters vary in such a way that epistemic intuitions, in either their strength or propositional content, can display patterns of genuine cross-cultural diversity.
     
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  19. The relevance of Aristotle’s conception of eudaimonia for the psychological study of happiness.Alan S. Waterman - 1990 - Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 10 (1):39-44.
    According to the ethical system of eudaimonism, a philosophy that predates Aristotle, individuals have a responsibility to recognize and live in accordance with their daimon or "true self." The daimon refers to the potentialities of each person, the realization of which represents the greatest fulfillment in living of which each is capable. The daimon is an ideal in the sense of being an excellence, a perfection toward which one strives and, hence, it can give meaning and direction to one's life. (...)
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  20.  3
    The influence of visual and vestibular orientation cues in a clock reading task.Nicolas Davidenko, Yeram Cheong, Amanda Waterman, Jacob Smith, Barrett Anderson & Sarah Harmon - 2018 - Consciousness and Cognition 64:196-206.
  21.  5
    Effects of session and intrasession repetition on individual power law exponents.William E. Dawson & Steven P. Waterman - 1976 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 7 (3):306-308.
  22.  21
    Identifying the Relevant Aspects of a Problem Text.J. R. Hayes, D. A. Waterman & C. S. Robinson - 1977 - Cognitive Science 1 (3):297-313.
    Forty‐nine subjects judged the relevancy of sentence parts of a word problem (the Allsports problem). Patterns of subjects' judgments suggest three problem‐solving heuristics: a SETS heuristic, a TIME heuristic, and a QUESTION heuristic. Presentation of the question before the problem tends to suppress SETS and TIME heuristics. A computer program (ATTEND) is presented to simulate subjects' behavior on the Allsports problem. The program is context‐sensitive in that it can change a relevance judgment upon the acquisition of further information. Averaged subject (...)
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  23. Personal expressiveness: Philosophical and psychological foundations.Alan S. Waterman - 1990 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 11 (1):47-73.
    Psychological and philosophical perspectives are employed in an exploration of the reasons particular individuals experience an activity as personally expressive while others may find the same activity neutral or even aversive. The relationships between personal expressiveness and intrinsic motivation, flow, and self-actualization are considered. The construct of personal expressiveness is shown to have its roots in eudaimonistic philosophy. Living in a manner consistent with one's daimon or "true self" gives rise to a cognitive-affective state labeled "eudaimonia" that is distinguishable from (...)
     
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  24.  2
    The Popularization of Malthus in Early Nineteenth‐Century England: Martineau, Cobbett, and the Pauper Press. [REVIEW]A. Waterman - 2007 - Isis 98:847-849.
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  25.  1
    The Future of Israel.James Waterman Wise - 1929 - Journal of Philosophy 26 (21):575-581.
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  26.  31
    Sustainability Impeded.Paul M. Wood & Laurel Waterman - 2008 - Environmental Ethics 30 (2):159-174.
    Some anthropogenic environmental changes that produce net benefits for the current generation will also produce foreseeable net harms to future generations. Well recognized as “time-lag effects,” these changes are environmental issues with strongly differential benefits and burdens between generations. Some of the world’s largest environmental issues fall into this category, including biodiversity loss and global climate change. The intractability of these issues for Western governments is not merely a practical problem of avoiding unpopular policy options; it is a theoretical problem (...)
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  27.  5
    The relation between economics and theology in Caritas in Veritate.A. M. C. Waterman - 2013 - Erasmus Journal for Philosophy and Economics 6 (2):24.
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  28.  2
    Northern Exposures: An Adventuring Career in Stories and Images.Jonathan Waterman - 2013 - University of Alaska Press.
    Waterman's profound respect for the northern lands burns on every page, and his photos and essays prove to us that there is still beauty in this world—beauty worth fighting for.”—Robert Redford North of the sixtieth parallel, the sun shines for less than six hours in the winter, and towering mountains are the only skyscrapers. Pristine waters serve caribou, moose, and bears in an unbroken landscape. At any given moment in this spectacular scenery, there’s a chance that Jonathan Waterman (...)
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  29.  29
    Clinicians' “folk” taxonomies and the DSM: Pick your poison.G. Scott Waterman - 2007 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 14 (3):pp. 271-275.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Clinicians’ “Folk” Taxonomies and the DSM: Pick Your PoisonG. Scott Waterman (bio)Keywordsnosology, classification, diagnosis, psychopathologyWith attention turning to the process of formulating the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-V; e.g., Kendler et al. 2008), the study by Flanagan and Blashfield (2007) of the similarities and differences between clinicians’ “folk” taxonomies and psychiatry’s official one is timely, and its lessons are in need (...)
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  30.  15
    Formulation as Diagnosis: Toward a Post-DSM, Post-Biopsychosocial World.G. Scott Waterman - 2014 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 21 (3):211-213.
  31.  1
    Protocol analysis as a task for artificial intelligence.D. A. Waterman & A. Newell - 1971 - Artificial Intelligence 2 (3-4):285-318.
  32.  23
    A Universal Definition of Mental Disorder: Neither Necessary nor Desirable.G. Scott Waterman - 2021 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 28 (4):377-379.
    Psychiatry's relation to the rest of medicine is ambivalent. Its legitimacy as a specialty is often conceived as being closely linked to its fidelity to the fundamental paradigms of medicine, especially the centrality of diagnosis and the association of diagnosis with treatment indications. However, as Gagné-Julien notes, a major impetus behind the quest for a solution to the demarcation problem in psychiatry is "growing concerns regarding over-medicalization". Although it could appear that these two considerations point in opposite directions, both arguably (...)
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  33.  4
    Author's Index to the Twenty First Bibliography.Dorothy Waterman - 1927 - Isis 9 (3):605-613.
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  34.  2
    Author's Index to the Twenty Second Bibliography.Dorothy Waterman - 1928 - Isis 10 (1):313-327.
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  35.  4
    Author's Index to the Twenty Third Bibliography.Dorothy Waterman - 1928 - Isis 11 (1):273-282.
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  36.  1
    Authors' Index to the Twenty Fourth Bibliography.Dorothy Waterman - 1928 - Isis 11 (2):569-580.
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  37.  1
    Authors' Index to the Twentieth Bibliography.Dorothy Waterman - 1927 - Isis 9 (1):215-220.
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  38.  18
    A New Letter of Kant’s.Walter B. Waterman - 1898 - Kant Studien 2 (1-3):104-108.
  39. A New Letter of Kant's.W. B. Waterman - 1898 - Société Française de Philosophie, Bulletin 2:104.
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  40. 440 About the Contributors.Peter Waterman - 2007 - In Boaventura de Sousa Santos (ed.), Cognitive Justice in a Global World: Prudent Knowledges for a Decent Life. Lexington Books. pp. 439.
     
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  41.  3
    Books and Software Reviews-The Uniqueness of the Human Mind?G. Scott Waterman - 2000 - Complexity 5 (5):47-48.
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  42.  4
    Communicating Labour Internationalism A Review of Relevant Literature and Resources.Peter Waterman - 1990 - Communications 15 (1-2):85-104.
  43.  4
    Communist Theory In The Nigerian Trade Union Movement.Peter Waterman - 1973 - Politics and Society 3 (3):283-312.
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  44. Discourse and domination.Shaun Waterman - 1990 - In Ian Bapty & Tim Yates (eds.), Archaeology After Structuralism: Post-Structuralism and the Practice of Archaeology. Routledge.
  45.  13
    Epistemic Humility: Accruing Wisdom or Forsaking Standards?G. Scott Waterman - 2022 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 29 (2):101-106.
  46.  6
    Epistemic Humility, Justice, and Honesty in Clinical Care.G. Scott Waterman - 2022 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 29 (2):127-130.
    When we sit down to write an article that we plan to submit for publication, it is usually because we have completed some piece of empirical or conceptual work that has led us to conclusions we wish to share with our scholarly communities. In this instance, though, my essay under discussion was itself the means by which I sought to draw some conclusions about my recent experiences. Contrary to my initial plans—and my custom—I began writing without a clear idea of (...)
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  47.  65
    Eudaimonic identity theory: Identity as self-discovery.Alan S. Waterman - 2011 - In Seth J. Schwartz, Koen Luyckx & Vivian L. Vignoles (eds.), Handbook of Identity Theory and Research. Springer Science+Business Media. pp. 357--379.
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  48.  5
    Feminist Antifascism: Counterpublics of the Common.Tim Waterman - 2022 - Utopian Studies 33 (1):179-182.
    Philosopher Ewa Majewska's impressive new book aims at nothing less than changing the structures of thinking and feeling that shore up the liberal vision and practice of the public sphere. This structural shift is proposed to resist and ultimately block the rise of contemporary fascism. This seems brave and immense but because Majewska's methods are not revolutionary but rather rest in the quotidian, it comes to be seen as credible. It is, of course, a necessary goal, so it is reassuring (...)
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  49. Forerunners of Jesus.L. WATERMAN - 1959
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  50. Hidden from herstory: women, feminism, and the new global solidarity.Peter Waterman - 1993 - The Hague: Publications Office, Institute of Social Studies.
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