Results for 'Gabbrielle M. Johnson'

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  1.  30
    Reconsidering the Ad Hominem: Christopher M. Johnson.Christopher M. Johnson - 2009 - Philosophy 84 (2):251-266.
    Ad hominem arguments are generally dismissed on the grounds that they are not attempts to engage in rational discourse, but are rather aimed at undermining argument by diverting attention from claims made to assessments of character of persons making claims. The manner of this dismissal however is based upon an unlikely paradigm of rationality: it is based upon the presumption that our intellectual capacities are not as limited as in fact they are, and do not vary as much as they (...)
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  2.  47
    Socrates and Alcibiades - M. Johnson, H. Tarrant Alcibiades and the Socratic Lover-Educator. Pp. X + 254, Figs. London: Bristol Classical Press, 2012. Cased, £50. Isbn: 978-0-7156-4086-9. [REVIEW]David Johnson - 2013 - The Classical Review 63 (1):58-60.
  3.  30
    The Structure of Bias.Gabbrielle M. Johnson - forthcoming - Mind:fzaa011.
    What is a bias? Standard philosophical views of both implicit and explicit bias focus this question on the representations one harbours, for example, stereotypes or implicit attitudes, rather than the ways in which those representations are manipulated. I call this approach representationalism. In this paper, I argue that representationalism taken as a general theory of psychological social bias is a mistake, because it conceptualizes bias in ways that do not fully capture the phenomenon. Crucially, this view fails to capture a (...)
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  4.  16
    Algorithmic bias: on the implicit biases of social technology.Gabbrielle M. Johnson - forthcoming - Synthese:1-21.
    Often machine learning programs inherit social patterns reflected in their training data without any directed effort by programmers to include such biases. Computer scientists call this algorithmic bias. This paper explores the relationship between machine bias and human cognitive bias. In it, I argue similarities between algorithmic and cognitive biases indicate a disconcerting sense in which sources of bias emerge out of seemingly innocuous patterns of information processing. The emergent nature of this bias obscures the existence of the bias itself, (...)
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  5.  33
    Byzantine Egypt: Economic Studies. By A. C. Johnson and L. C. West. Pp. Viii + 344. London: Geoffrey Cumberlege: Princeton University Press, 1949. 27s. 6d. [REVIEW]A. H. M. Jones, A. C. Johnson & L. C. West - 1951 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 71:271-272.
  6. Book Review: Hagar, Sarah, and Their Children: Jewish, Christian, and Muslim PerspectivesHagar, Sarah, and Their Children: Jewish, Christian, and Muslim Perspectivesedited byTriblePhyllisandRussellLetty M.Westminster John Knox, Louisville, 2006. 211 Pp. $24.95. ISBN 0-664-22982-4. [REVIEW]Janell Johnson - 2007 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 61 (1):94-95.
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  7.  4
    I'm Sorry Now We Were so Very Severe”: 1930s Colonizing Care Relations Between White Anglican Women Staff and Inuvialuit, Inuinnait, and Iñupiat People in an “Eskimo Residential School.Val Marie Johnson - 2019 - Feminist Studies 45 (2-3):335.
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  8.  85
    On the Eternity of the World: St. Thomas Aquinas, Siger of Brabant, St. Bonaventure, Translated From the Latin with an Introduction by Cyril Vollert, Lottie H. Kendzierski, and Paul M. Byrne. Milwaukee, Wisconsin: Marquette University Press, 1964. 132 Pages. Paperback, $3.00. [REVIEW]Harold J. Johnson - 1965 - Dialogue 4 (3):394-397.
  9.  18
    Ian M. Church & Peter L. Samuelson, Intellectual Humility: An Introduction to the Philosophy and Science, London/Oxford/New York: Bloomsbury Academic, 2017, 368 Pp., £65 , ISBN 9781474236744. [REVIEW]Casey Rebecca Johnson - 2017 - Dialectica 71 (4):647-653.
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  10.  41
    I. M. D. Little, Ethics, Economics, and Politics: Principles of Public Policy. Oxford University Press, 2002, 162 Pp. ISBN 0-199-2570-4, $19.95. [REVIEW]Paul F. Johnson - 2004 - Journal of Value Inquiry 38 (3):415-417.
  11.  32
    The Septuagint. T.M. Law When God Spoke Greek. The Septuagint and the Making of the Christian Bible. Pp. VIII + 216. New York: Oxford University Press, 2013. Paper, £16.99, Us$24.95 Isbn: 978-0-19-978172-0. [REVIEW]John C. Johnson - 2015 - The Classical Review 65 (2):389-391.
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  12.  15
    R. M. Thomson, A Descriptive Catalogue of the Medieval Manuscripts in the Library of Peterhouse College, Cambridge. Cambridge, UK: D. S. Brewer for Peterhouse College, Cambridge, 2016. Pp. Xli, 230; Many Color and 3 Black-and-White Plates. $165. ISBN: 978-1-84384-441-9. [REVIEW]Eric J. Johnson - 2018 - Speculum 93 (2):586-588.
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  13.  22
    Cyrus C. M. Mody. Instrumental Community: Probe Microscopy and the Path to Nanotechnology. Xiii + 260 Pp., Illus., Bibl., Index. Cambridge, Mass./London: MIT Press, 2011. $36. [REVIEW]Ann Johnson - 2014 - Isis 105 (1):251-252.
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  14.  50
    Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, Lectures on the Philosophy of Religion, Vol. I--III. Ed. By Peter C. Hodgson. Trans. By R. F. Brown, P. C. Hodgson, and J. M. Stewart. [REVIEW]Patricia Altenbernd Johnson - 1999 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 45 (3):197-199.
  15.  36
    Experience and Conceptual Activity, A Philosophical Essay Based Upon the Writings of A. N. Whitehead. By J. M. Burgers, M.I.T. Press, Cambridge, Mass.1965. Pp. Vii, 277. [REVIEW]A. H. Johnson - 1967 - Dialogue 6 (3):447-448.
  16.  19
    Frances M. Kamm , Bioethical Prescriptions: To Create, End, Choose, and Improve Lives . Reviewed By.Thomas Johnson - 2015 - Philosophy in Review 35 (1):23-25.
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  17.  32
    Socrates (M.) Trapp (Ed.) Socrates From Antiquity to the Enlightenment. (The Centre for Hellenic Studies, King's College London, Publications 9.) Pp. Xxviii + 310, Ills. Aldershot and Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2007. Cased, £55, US$99.95. ISBN: 978-0-7546-4124-. [REVIEW]David Johnson - 2008 - The Classical Review 58 (2):369-.
  18.  12
    The School of Night: A Study of the Literary Relationships of Sir Walter Ralegh. M. C. Bradbrook.Francis R. Johnson - 1938 - Isis 29 (1):113-115.
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  19.  6
    The School of Night: A Study of the Literary Relationships of Sir Walter Ralegh by M. C. Bradbrook. [REVIEW]Francis Johnson - 1938 - Isis 29:113-115.
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  20. M. M. Goldsmith, "Hobbes's Science of Politics". [REVIEW]Paul J. Johnson - 1968 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 6 (2):175.
  21. The Intelligent Mr. E. M. Forster.Elaine H. Johnson - 1954 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 35 (1):50.
     
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  22. The Poem That Came In From the Cold: M. Putnam, Horace’s Carmen Saeculare: Ritual Magic and the Poet’s Art. [REVIEW]P. Johnson - 2002 - Arion 10 (2).
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  23. Aristotle on Teleology.Monte Ransome Johnson - 2008 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Monte Johnson examines one of the most controversial aspects of Aristiotle's natural philosophy: his teleology. Is teleology about causation or explanation? Does it exclude or obviate mechanism, determinism, or materialism? Is it focused on the good of individual organisms, or is god or man the ultimate end of all processes and entities? Is teleology restricted to living things, or does it apply to the cosmos as a whole? Does it identify objectively existent causes in the world, or is it (...)
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  24.  1
    Greater Than Minimal Risk, No Direct Benefit – Bridging Drug Trials and Novel Therapy in Pediatric Populations.Benjamin S. Wilfond, Devan M. Duenas & Liza-Marie Johnson - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (4):102-103.
    Volume 20, Issue 4, May 2020, Page 102-103.
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  25. Proper Function and Defeating Experiences.Daniel M. Johnson - 2011 - Synthese 182 (3):433-447.
    Jonathan Kvanvig has argued that what he terms “doxastic” theories of epistemic justification fail to account for certain epistemic features having to do with evidence. I’m going to give an argument roughly along these lines, but I’m going to focus specifically on proper function theories of justification or warrant. In particular, I’ll focus on Michael Bergmann’s recent proper function account of justification, though the argument applies also to Alvin Plantinga’s proper function account of warrant. The epistemic features I’m concerned about (...)
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  26.  10
    A Belmont Report for Animals?—Erratum.Hope Ferdowsian, L. Syd M. Johnson, Jane Johnson, Andrew Fenton, Adam Shriver & John Gluck - 2020 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 29 (1):19-37.
    :Human and animal research both operate within established standards. In the United States, criticism of the human research environment and recorded abuses of human research subjects served as the impetus for the establishment of the National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research, and the resulting Belmont Report. The Belmont Report established key ethical principles to which human research should adhere: respect for autonomy, obligations to beneficence and justice, and special protections for vulnerable individuals and (...)
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  27.  26
    A Comparison of the Effects of Ethics Training on International and US Students.Logan M. Steele, James F. Johnson, Logan L. Watts, Alexandra E. MacDougall, Michael D. Mumford, Shane Connelly & T. H. Lee Williams - 2016 - Science and Engineering Ethics 22 (4):1217-1244.
    As scientific and engineering efforts become increasingly global in nature, the need to understand differences in perceptions of research ethics issues across countries and cultures is imperative. However, investigations into the connection between nationality and ethical decision-making in the sciences have largely generated mixed results. In Study 1 of this paper, a measure of biases and compensatory strategies that could influence ethical decisions was administered. Results from this study indicated that graduate students from the United States and international graduate students (...)
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  28.  6
    A Belmont Report for Animals?—Erratum.Hope Ferdowsian, L. Syd M. Johnson, Jane Johnson, Andrew Fenton, Adam Shriver & John Gluck - 2020 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 29 (1):163-163.
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  29.  22
    Face to Face with Emotion: Holistic Face Processing is Modulated by Emotional State.Kim M. Curby, Kareem J. Johnson & Alyssa Tyson - 2012 - Cognition and Emotion 26 (1):93-102.
  30.  10
    Ethics Versus Outcomes: Managerial Responses to Incentive-Driven and Goal-Induced Employee Behavior.Gary M. Fleischman, Eric N. Johnson, Kenton B. Walker & Sean R. Valentine - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 158 (4):951-967.
    Management plays an important role in reinforcing ethics in organizations. To support this aim, managers must use incentive and goal programs in ethical ways. This study examines experimentally the potential ethical costs associated with incentive-driven and goal-induced employee behavior from a managerial perspective. In a quasi-experimental setting, 243 MBA students with significant professional work experience evaluated a hypothetical employee’s ethical behavior under incentive pay systems modeled on a business case. In the role of the employee’s manager, participants evaluated the ethicality (...)
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  31.  24
    On Throwing Out the Baby with the Bathwater: A Reply to Black and Wilensky's Evaluation of Story Grammars.Jean M. Mandler & Nancy S. Johnson - 1980 - Cognitive Science 4 (3):305-312.
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  32.  25
    Developing a Problem-Based Learning (PBL) Curriculum for Professionalism and Scientific Integrity Training for Biomedical Graduate Students.N. L. Jones, A. M. Peiffer, A. Lambros, M. Guthold, A. D. Johnson, M. Tytell, A. E. Ronca & J. C. Eldridge - 2010 - Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (10):614-619.
    A multidisciplinary faculty committee designed a curriculum to shape biomedical graduate students into researchers with a high commitment to professionalism and social responsibility and to provide students with tools to navigate complex, rapidly evolving academic and societal environments with a strong ethical commitment. The curriculum used problem-based learning (PBL), because it is active and learner-centred and focuses on skill and process development. Two courses were developed: Scientific Professionalism: Scientific Integrity addressed discipline-specific and broad professional norms and obligations for the ethical (...)
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  33.  18
    What Very Small Numbers Mean.Dale J. Cohen, Jennifer M. Ferrell & Nathan Johnson - 2002 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 131 (3):424-442.
  34.  21
    Psychological and Social Risks of Behavioral Research.Susan M. Labott & Timothy P. Johnson - forthcoming - IRB: Ethics & Human Research.
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  35.  19
    Attentional Biases in Dysphoria: An Eye-Tracking Study of the Allocation and Disengagement of Attention.Christopher R. Sears, Charmaine L. Thomas, Jessica M. LeHuquet & Jeremy Cs Johnson - 2010 - Cognition and Emotion 24 (8):1349-1368.
  36.  13
    A Paradox of Choice and Opportunity in the Social Mediated Participant Recruitment Space: Opportunities and Caveats.Sheena M. Eagan, Erika K. Johnson & Liam X. N. Eagan - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (6):76-78.
    Volume 19, Issue 6, June 2019, Page 76-78.
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  37.  17
    Developing Dualism: From Intuitive Understanding to Transcendental Ideas.Henry M. Wellman & Carl N. Johnson - 2008 - In Alessandro Antonietti, Antonella Corradini & E. Jonathan Lowe (eds.), Psycho-Physical Dualism Today: An Interdisciplinary Approach. Lexington Books. pp. 3--36.
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  38.  37
    Son Preference and Child Replacement in Bangladesh: A New Look at the Child Survival Hypothesis.A. J. M. Sufian & Nan E. Johnson - 1989 - Journal of Biosocial Science 21 (2):207-216.
    SummaryBirth history data from women in the 1975–76 Bangladesh Fertility Survey were used to search for intentions to replace dead children. The median intervals between successive births of orders and were not shorter when some siblings of orders below had died. Nor was the median duration between the death of a child and the first posthumous birth shorter when the dead child was a boy or when it was survived by fewer than two brothers. The median intervals were generally shorter (...)
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  39.  37
    Religion and the World Order. A Series of Addresses and DiscussionsGroup Relations and Group Antagonisms. A Series of Addressses and Discussions.Henry M. Magid, F. Ernest Johnson & R. M. MacIver - 1944 - Journal of Philosophy 41 (22):613.
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  40.  24
    The Relationship Between Optimism-Pessimism, Loneliness, and Death Anxiety.Stephen F. Davis, Kaira M. Miller, Donna Johnson, Kameron McAuley & Deanna Dinges - 1992 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 30 (2):135-136.
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  41.  24
    Palmar Sweating: A Quick and Simple Measure.James M. Dabbs Jr, Jean E. Johnson & Howard Leventhal - 1968 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 78 (2p1):347.
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  42.  23
    Grain Prices and Vital Statistics in a Portuguese Rural Parish, 1671–1720.U. M. Cowgill & H. B. Johnson - 1971 - Journal of Biosocial Science 3 (3):321-329.
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  43.  23
    Unity and Difference in American Life. A Series of Addresses and DiscussionsFoundations of Democracy. A Series of AddressesLabor's Relation to Church and Community.J. L. B., R. M. MacIver, F. Ernest Johnson & Liston Pope - 1948 - Journal of Philosophy 45 (8):216.
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  44. [Book Chapter].Frank S. Kessel, P. M. Cole & D. L. Johnson (eds.) - 1992 - Lawrence Erlbaum.
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  45.  73
    Self and Consciousness: Multiple Perspectives.Frank S. Kessel, P. M. Cole & D. L. Johnson (eds.) - 1992 - Lawrence Erlbaum.
    This volume contains an array of essays that reflect, and reflect upon, the recent revival of scholarly interest in the self and consciousness. Various relevant issues are addressed in conceptually challenging ways, such as how consciousness and different forms of self-relevant experience develop in infancy and childhood and are related to the acquisition of skill; the role of the self in social development; the phenomenology of being conscious and its metapsychological implications; and the cultural foundations of conceptualizations of consciousness. Written (...)
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  46.  21
    Connecting Cognition and Consumer Choice.Daniel M. Bartels & Eric J. Johnson - 2015 - Cognition 135:47-51.
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  47.  22
    Cardiovascular Disease and Non‐Steroidal Anti‐Inflammatory Drug Prescribing in the Midst of Evolving Guidelines.Timothy T. Pham, Michael J. Miller, Donald L. Harrison, Ann E. Lloyd, Kimberly M. Crosby & Jeremy L. Johnson - 2013 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 19 (6):1026-1034.
  48.  8
    Can War Be Justified ?Just War Tradition and the Restraint of War: A Moral and Historical Inquiry.J. M. Cameron & James Turner Johnson - 1982 - Hastings Center Report 12 (5):40.
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  49.  27
    An Antitakeover Amendment for Stakeholders?Nancy L. Meade, Robert M. Brown & Dana J. Johnson - 1997 - Journal of Business Ethics 16 (15):1651-1659.
    The non-financial effects (NFE) antitakeover amendment addresses the duties of company directors and management when faced with a possible takeover bid. The NFE amendment either permits or requires managers to consider the interests of the company's stakeholders during takeover bids. Other types of antitakeover devices have been viewed as protecting either stockholder or management interests. The NFE amendment would appear to protect a broad spectrum of interests including those of company employees, creditors, and the community in which the company operates. (...)
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  50. Science, Technology and the Development of the Transistor.M. Gibbons & C. Johnson - 1982 - In Barry Barnes & David O. Edge (eds.), Science in Context: Readings in the Sociology of Science. MIT Press. pp. 177--185.
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