Results for 'Gabbrielle M. Johnson'

1000+ found
Order:
  1. Algorithmic bias: on the implicit biases of social technology.Gabbrielle M. Johnson - 2020 - Synthese 198 (10):9941-9961.
    Often machine learning programs inherit social patterns reflected in their training data without any directed effort by programmers to include such biases. Computer scientists call this algorithmic bias. This paper explores the relationship between machine bias and human cognitive bias. In it, I argue similarities between algorithmic and cognitive biases indicate a disconcerting sense in which sources of bias emerge out of seemingly innocuous patterns of information processing. The emergent nature of this bias obscures the existence of the bias itself, (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   13 citations  
  2. The Structure of Bias.Gabbrielle M. Johnson - 2020 - Mind 129 (516):1193-1236.
    What is a bias? Standard philosophical views of both implicit and explicit bias focus this question on the representations one harbours, for example, stereotypes or implicit attitudes, rather than the ways in which those representations are manipulated. I call this approach representationalism. In this paper, I argue that representationalism taken as a general theory of psychological social bias is a mistake, because it conceptualizes bias in ways that do not fully capture the phenomenon. Crucially, this view fails to capture a (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  3.  33
    A Comparison of the Effects of Ethics Training on International and US Students.Logan M. Steele, James F. Johnson, Logan L. Watts, Alexandra E. MacDougall, Michael D. Mumford, Shane Connelly & T. H. Lee Williams - 2016 - Science and Engineering Ethics 22 (4):1217-1244.
    As scientific and engineering efforts become increasingly global in nature, the need to understand differences in perceptions of research ethics issues across countries and cultures is imperative. However, investigations into the connection between nationality and ethical decision-making in the sciences have largely generated mixed results. In Study 1 of this paper, a measure of biases and compensatory strategies that could influence ethical decisions was administered. Results from this study indicated that graduate students from the United States and international graduate students (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  4.  39
    Reconsidering the Ad Hominem: Christopher M. Johnson.Christopher M. Johnson - 2009 - Philosophy 84 (2):251-266.
    Ad hominem arguments are generally dismissed on the grounds that they are not attempts to engage in rational discourse, but are rather aimed at undermining argument by diverting attention from claims made to assessments of character of persons making claims. The manner of this dismissal however is based upon an unlikely paradigm of rationality: it is based upon the presumption that our intellectual capacities are not as limited as in fact they are, and do not vary as much as they (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  5.  20
    Ethics Versus Outcomes: Managerial Responses to Incentive-Driven and Goal-Induced Employee Behavior.Gary M. Fleischman, Eric N. Johnson, Kenton B. Walker & Sean R. Valentine - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 158 (4):951-967.
    Management plays an important role in reinforcing ethics in organizations. To support this aim, managers must use incentive and goal programs in ethical ways. This study examines experimentally the potential ethical costs associated with incentive-driven and goal-induced employee behavior from a managerial perspective. In a quasi-experimental setting, 243 MBA students with significant professional work experience evaluated a hypothetical employee’s ethical behavior under incentive pay systems modeled on a business case. In the role of the employee’s manager, participants evaluated the ethicality (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  6.  26
    On Throwing Out the Baby with the Bathwater: A Reply to Black and Wilensky's Evaluation of Story Grammars.Jean M. Mandler & Nancy S. Johnson - 1980 - Cognitive Science 4 (3):305-312.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   28 citations  
  7.  23
    M. Johnson Boudicca. Pp. 157, Ills, Map. London: Bristol Classical Press, 2012. Paper, £14.99. ISBN: 978-1-85399-732-7.Tais Pagoto Belo - 2013 - The Classical Review 63 (2):624-625.
  8. Thomas M. Johnson, Trans., Iamblichus: The Exhortation to Philosophy. [REVIEW]Joseph Novak - 1990 - Philosophy in Review 10:24-31.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  9. Science, Technology and the Development of the Transistor.M. Gibbons & C. Johnson - 1982 - In Barry Barnes & David O. Edge (eds.), Science in Context: Readings in the Sociology of Science. MIT Press. pp. 177--185.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  10.  31
    Sappho (M.) Johnson Sappho. Pp. 176 London: Bristol Classical Press, 2007. Paper, £10.99. ISBN: 978-1-85399-690-.Liffey Thorpe - 2008 - The Classical Review 58 (2):333-.
  11. Thomas M. Johnson, Trans., Iamblichus: The Exhortation to Philosophy Reviewed By.Joseph A. Novak - 1990 - Philosophy in Review 10 (1):24-31.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  12. Thomas M. Johnson the Platonist.Jay Bregman - 1991 - Dionysius 15:91.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  13.  22
    Face to Face with Emotion: Holistic Face Processing is Modulated by Emotional State.Kim M. Curby, Kareem J. Johnson & Alyssa Tyson - 2012 - Cognition and Emotion 26 (1):93-102.
  14.  9
    In Memory of C. M. Johnson.Marian Hobson - 2018 - Paragraph 41 (2):129-131.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  15.  18
    A Belmont Report for Animals?—Erratum.Hope Ferdowsian, L. Syd M. Johnson, Jane Johnson, Andrew Fenton, Adam Shriver & John Gluck - 2020 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 29 (1):19-37.
    :Human and animal research both operate within established standards. In the United States, criticism of the human research environment and recorded abuses of human research subjects served as the impetus for the establishment of the National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research, and the resulting Belmont Report. The Belmont Report established key ethical principles to which human research should adhere: respect for autonomy, obligations to beneficence and justice, and special protections for vulnerable individuals and (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   13 citations  
  16.  49
    Socrates and Alcibiades - M. Johnson, H. Tarrant Alcibiades and the Socratic Lover-Educator. Pp. X + 254, Figs. London: Bristol Classical Press, 2012. Cased, £50. Isbn: 978-0-7156-4086-9. [REVIEW]David Johnson - 2013 - The Classical Review 63 (1):58-60.
  17.  17
    Developing Dualism: From Intuitive Understanding to Transcendental Ideas.Henry M. Wellman & Carl N. Johnson - 2008 - In Alessandro Antonietti, Antonella Corradini & E. Jonathan Lowe (eds.), Psycho-Physical Dualism Today: An Interdisciplinary Approach. Lexington Books. pp. 3--36.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  18.  43
    Son Preference and Child Replacement in Bangladesh: A New Look at the Child Survival Hypothesis.A. J. M. Sufian & Nan E. Johnson - 1989 - Journal of Biosocial Science 21 (2):207-216.
    SummaryBirth history data from women in the 1975–76 Bangladesh Fertility Survey were used to search for intentions to replace dead children. The median intervals between successive births of orders and were not shorter when some siblings of orders below had died. Nor was the median duration between the death of a child and the first posthumous birth shorter when the dead child was a boy or when it was survived by fewer than two brothers. The median intervals were generally shorter (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  19.  21
    Psychological and Social Risks of Behavioral Research.Susan M. Labott & Timothy P. Johnson - 2004 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 26 (3):11.
  20.  27
    New York Amish: Life in the Plain Communities of the Empire State by Karen M. Johnson-Weiner.Richard M. Marshall - 2017 - Utopian Studies 28 (1):198-202.
    Quilts with "a black-and-white checked" pattern "for the NASCAR market" are stitched together by an Amish woman whose family uses an outdoor privy because church rules stipulate "no indoor plumbing"; an Amish man delivers cans of his milk to an Amish-owned neighborhood collection tank cooled by electricity because state laws require the refrigeration of milk. These are just a few of the images Karen Johnson-Weiner presents of the New York State Amish and their continuing effort to maintain a life (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  21.  23
    Connecting Cognition and Consumer Choice.Daniel M. Bartels & Eric J. Johnson - 2015 - Cognition 135:47-51.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  22. The Mind as a Scientific Object: Between Brain and Culture.Christina E. Erneling & David M. Johnson (eds.) - 2004 - Oxford University Press USA.
    What holds together the various fields that are supposed to consititute the general intellectual discipline that people now call cognitive science? In this book, Erneling and Johnson identify two problems with defining this discipline. First, some theorists identify the common subject matter as the mind, but scientists and philosophers have not been able to agree on any single, satisfactory answer to the question of what the mind is. Second, those who speculate about the general characteristics that belong to cognitive (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  23.  26
    Hatred and Forgiveness. By Julia Kristeva. Translated by Jeanine Herman.Laurie M. Johnson Bagby - 2012 - The European Legacy 17 (5):685 - 687.
    The European Legacy, Volume 17, Issue 5, Page 685-687, August 2012.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  24.  28
    The Spokesman: Dorothy M. Johnson's "The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance" and Infinite Reference.Daryl W. Palmer - 2009 - Theory and Event 12 (4).
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  25.  38
    Religion and the World Order. A Series of Addresses and DiscussionsGroup Relations and Group Antagonisms. A Series of Addressses and Discussions.Henry M. Magid, F. Ernest Johnson & R. M. MacIver - 1944 - Journal of Philosophy 41 (22):613.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  26.  21
    Review of Maurizio Viroli, Machiavelli's God[REVIEW]Laurie M. Johnson Bagby - 2010 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2010 (11).
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  27.  23
    32 Shades of Neuroethics—A Review of the Routledge Handbook of Neuroethics, Edited by L. Syd M Johnson and Karen S. Rommelfanger1.John Noel M. Viaña & Frederic Gilbert - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (10):1-3.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  28.  10
    Evaluation of Email Alerts in Practice: Part 2 – Validation of the Information Assessment Method.Pierre Pluye, Roland M. Grad, Janique Johnson-Lafleur, Tara Bambrick, Bernard Burnand, Jay Mercer, Bernard Marlow & Craig Campbell - 2010 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 16 (6):1236-1243.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  29.  16
    A Paradox of Choice and Opportunity in the Social Mediated Participant Recruitment Space: Opportunities and Caveats.Sheena M. Eagan, Erika K. Johnson & Liam X. N. Eagan - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (6):76-78.
    Volume 19, Issue 6, June 2019, Page 76-78.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  30.  8
    Can War Be Justified (And Restrained)?Just War Tradition and the Restraint of War: A Moral and Historical Inquiry.J. M. Cameron & James Turner Johnson - 1982 - Hastings Center Report 12 (5):40.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  31.  5
    Review: H. M. Johnson, If-Then Relations in Paralogics. [REVIEW]Ernest Nagel - 1944 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 9 (2):53-53.
  32.  2
    Women’s Attitudes Toward Biomedical Technology for Infertility: The Case for Technological Salience.Richard M. Simon & Katherine M. Johnson - 2012 - Gender and Society 26 (2):261-289.
    Research has consistently revealed gender differences in attitudes toward science and technology. One explanation is that women are more personally affected by particular technologies, so they consider them differently. However, not all women universally experience biomedical technologies. We use the concept of technological salience to address how differences in subjective implications of a technology might explain differences in women’s attitudes toward biotechnology. In a sample of U.S. women from the National Survey of Fertility Barriers, we examine how women with and (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  33. Stress and Animal Welfare: Key Issues in the Biology of Humans and Other Animals.Donald M. Broom & Ken G. Johnson - 2019 - Springer Verlag.
    This is the Second Edition of a well-received book that reflects a fresh, integrated coverage of the concepts and scientific measurement of stress and welfare of animals including humans. This book explains the basic biological principles of coping with many forms of adversity. The major part of this work is devoted to explaining scientifically usable concepts in stress and welfare. A wide range of welfare indicators are highlighted in detail with examples being drawn from man and other species. The necessity (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  34.  3
    Greater Than Minimal Risk, No Direct Benefit – Bridging Drug Trials and Novel Therapy in Pediatric Populations.Benjamin S. Wilfond, Devan M. Duenas & Liza-Marie Johnson - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (4):102-103.
    Volume 20, Issue 4, May 2020, Page 102-103.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  35.  24
    Palmar Sweating: A Quick and Simple Measure.James M. Dabbs, Jean E. Johnson & Howard Leventhal - 1968 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 78 (2p1):347.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  36.  23
    Grain Prices and Vital Statistics in a Portuguese Rural Parish, 1671–1720.U. M. Cowgill & H. B. Johnson - 1971 - Journal of Biosocial Science 3 (3):321-329.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  37.  4
    Conflicts of Interest and Recommendations for Clinical Treatments That Benefit Researchers.Benjamin S. Wilfond, Devan M. Duenas & Liza-Marie Johnson - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (10):90-91.
    Volume 20, Issue 10, October 2020, Page 90-91.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  38.  15
    A Belmont Report for Animals?—Erratum.Hope Ferdowsian, L. Syd M. Johnson, Jane Johnson, Andrew Fenton, Adam Shriver & John Gluck - 2020 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 29 (1):163-163.
    :Human and animal research both operate within established standards. In the United States, criticism of the human research environment and recorded abuses of human research subjects served as the impetus for the establishment of the National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research, and the resulting Belmont Report. The Belmont Report established key ethical principles to which human research should adhere: respect for autonomy, obligations to beneficence and justice, and special protections for vulnerable individuals and (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  39.  5
    Transactions of the Third International Congress for the History of Religions.P. S. Allen & J. de M. Johnson - 1909 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 29:386.
  40.  39
    Byzantine Egypt: Economic Studies. By A. C. Johnson and L. C. West. Pp. Viii + 344. London: Geoffrey Cumberlege: Princeton University Press, 1949. 27s. 6d. [REVIEW]A. H. M. Jones, A. C. Johnson & L. C. West - 1951 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 71:271-272.
  41. The Psychology of Bias.Gabbrielle Johnson - 2020 - In Erin Beeghly & Alex Madva (eds.), An Introduction to Implicit Bias: Knowledge, Justice, and the Social Mind.
  42. Are Algorithms Value-Free? Feminist Theoretical Virtues in Machine Learning.Gabbrielle Johnson - forthcoming - Journal Moral Philosophy.
    As inductive decision-making procedures, the inferences made by machine learning programs are subject to underdetermination by evidence and bear inductive risk. One strategy for overcoming these challenges is guided by a presumption in philosophy of science that inductive inferences can and should be value-free. Applied to machine learning programs, the strategy assumes that the influence of values is restricted to data and decision outcomes, thereby omitting internal value-laden design choice points. In this paper, I apply arguments from feminist philosophy of (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  43. Enrolling Adolescents with Rare Disease for Early Phase Clinical Trials While Under the Care of Child Protection Services: Balancing Protection and Access.Benjamin S. Wilfond, Devan M. Duenas & Liza-Marie Johnson - 2022 - American Journal of Bioethics 22 (4):81-82.
    For many rare diseases, the availability of effective interventions is limited or non-existent. In this context, clinical research evaluating emerging interventions may be the only potentially “the...
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  44.  93
    The Philosophers' Brief in Support of Happy's Appeal.Gary Comstock, Sue Donaldson, Andrew Fenton, Tyler M. John, L. Syd M. Johnson, Robert C. Jones, Will Kymlicka, Letitia M. Meynell, Nathan Nobis, David M. Peña-Guzmán, James Rocha, Bernard Rollin, Jeff Sebo & Adam Shriver - 2021 - New York State Appellate Court.
    We submit this brief in support of the Nonhuman Rights Project’s efforts to secure habeas corpus relief for the elephant named Happy. The Supreme Court, Bronx County, declined to grant habeas corpus relief and order Happy’s transfer to an elephant sanctuary, relying, in part, on previous decisions that denied habeas relief for the NhRP’s chimpanzee clients, Kiko and Tommy. Those decisions use incompatible conceptions of ‘person’ which, when properly understood, are either philosophically inadequate or, in fact, compatible with Happy’s personhood.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  45.  18
    What Very Small Numbers Mean.Dale J. Cohen, Jennifer M. Ferrell & Nathan Johnson - 2002 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 131 (3):424-442.
  46.  23
    Attentional Biases in Dysphoria: An Eye-Tracking Study of the Allocation and Disengagement of Attention.Christopher R. Sears, Charmaine L. Thomas, Jessica M. LeHuquet & Jeremy Cs Johnson - 2010 - Cognition and Emotion 24 (8):1349-1368.
  47. Metafory w naszym życiu (G. Lakoff, M. Johnson, \"Metafory w naszym życiu\", Warszawa 1988).Jacek K. Woźniak - 1990 - Studia Filozoficzne 290 (1).
    No categories
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  48.  85
    Self and Consciousness: Multiple Perspectives.Frank S. Kessel, P. M. Cole & D. L. Johnson (eds.) - 1992 - Lawrence Erlbaum.
    This volume contains an array of essays that reflect, and reflect upon, the recent revival of scholarly interest in the self and consciousness. Various relevant issues are addressed in conceptually challenging ways, such as how consciousness and different forms of self-relevant experience develop in infancy and childhood and are related to the acquisition of skill; the role of the self in social development; the phenomenology of being conscious and its metapsychological implications; and the cultural foundations of conceptualizations of consciousness. Written (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  49. JOHNSON, M. -Science and the Meanings of Truth. [REVIEW]M. Macdonald - 1948 - Mind 57:114.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  50.  17
    The Psychology of Thought and Judgment. Donald M. Johnson.Hugo Adam Bedau - 1958 - Philosophy of Science 25 (2):139-140.
1 — 50 / 1000