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Gabriel Andrade [53]Gabriel Ernesto Andrade [9]
  1.  43
    Medical ethics and the trolley problem.Gabriel Andrade - 2019 - Journal of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine 12.
    The so-called Trolley Problem was first discussed by Philippa Foot in 1967 as a way to test moral intuitions regarding the doctrine of double effect, Kantian principles and utilitarianism. Ever since, a great number of philosophers and psychologists have come up with alternative scenarios to further test intuitions and the relevance of conventional moral doctrines. Given that physicians routinely face moral decisions regarding life and death, the Trolley Problem should be considered of great importance in medical ethics. In this article, (...)
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  2. Elogio del Cientificismo.Gabriel Andrade (ed.) - 2017 - Laetoli.
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  3.  25
    Moral Foreign Language Effect on Responses to the Trolley Dilemma amongst Native Speakers of Arabic.Gabriel Andrade - 2022 - Journal of Cognition and Culture 22 (3-4):338-351.
    Trolley dilemmas have been tested cross-culturally, but only recently have researchers begun to assess the effect of responding to such dilemmas in a foreign language. Previous studies have found a Moral Foreign Language Effect in trolley dilemmas, whereby subjects who respond to these dilemmas in a foreign language, tend to offer more utilitarian responses. The present study seeks to test whether the MFLE holds amongst native speakers of Arabic. Additionally, the present study seeks to test whether the use of visual (...)
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  4.  29
    Medical conspiracy theories: cognitive science and implications for ethics.Gabriel Andrade - 2020 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 23 (3):505-518.
    Although recent trends in politics and media make it appear that conspiracy theories are on the rise, in fact they have always been present, probably because they are sustained by natural dispositions of the human brain. This is also the case with medical conspiracy theories. This article reviews some of the most notorious health-related conspiracy theories. It then approaches the reasons why people believe these theories, using concepts from cognitive science. On the basis of that knowledge, the article makes normative (...)
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  5.  13
    The ethics of positive thinking in healthcare.Gabriel Andrade - 2019 - Journal of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine 12.
    In continuation with the New Thought movement that arose in the United States in the 19th Century, there is now a massive self-help industry that markets books and seminars. This industry has also extended to healthcare in the form of positive thinking, i.e., the idea that happy thoughts are essential for health. While some of these claims may seem reasonable and commonsensical, they are not free of problems. This article posits that positive thinking has some ethical underpinnings. Extreme positive thinking (...)
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  6.  24
    The need for “gentle medicine” in a post Covid-19 world.Gabriel Andrade & Maria Campo Redondo - 2021 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 24 (4):475-486.
    As it has historically been the case with many pandemics, the Covid-19 experience will induce many philosophers to reconsider the value of medical practice. This should be a good opportunity to critically scrutinize the way medical research and medical interventions are carried out. For much of its history, medicine has been very inefficient. But, even in its contemporary forms, a review of common protocols in medical research and medical interventions reveal many shortcomings, especially related to methodological flaws, and more importantly, (...)
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  7.  12
    Moral approval of xenotransplantation in Egypt: associations with religion, attitudes towards animals and demographic factors.Gabriel Andrade, Eid AboHamza, Yasmeen Elsantil, AlaaEldin Ayoub & Dalia Bedewy - 2024 - BMC Medical Ethics 25 (1):1-15.
    Xenotransplantation has great potential as an alternative to alleviate the shortage of organs for donation. However, given that the animal most suited for xenotransplantation is the pig, there are concerns that people in Muslim countries may be more hesitant to morally approve of these procedures. In this study, the moral approval of xenotransplantation was assessed in a group of 895 participants in Egypt. The results showed that religiosity itself does not predict moral approval of xenotransplantation, but religious identity does, as (...)
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  8.  36
    Monogamy as a Force of Social Progress and Women’s Empowerment.Gabriel Andrade - 2024 - Human Affairs 34 (1):1-14.
    Monogamy in Western countries has recently undergone criticisms, because it is perceived as an oppressive institution, adjacent to reactionary cultural values. In this article, I argue that monogamy is in fact a force of social progress and women’s empowerment. I point out that, given our natural tendencies, the most likely alternative to monogamy is polygyny. By its very nature, polygyny faces a numerical difficulty, to the extent that (given the equitable male to female ratio) when one man engages in romantic (...)
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  9.  11
    Ethical Shortcomings of QALY: Discrimination Against Minorities in Public Health.Gabriel Andrade - forthcoming - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics:1-8.
    Despite progress, discrimination in public health remains a problem. A significant aspect of this problem relates to how medical resources are allocated. The paradigm of quality-adjusted-life-year (QALY) dictates that medical resources should be allocated on the basis of units measured as length of life and quality of life that are expected after the implementation of a treatment. In this article, I discuss some of the ethical shortcomings of QALY, by focusing on some of its flawed moral aspects, as well as (...)
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  10.  11
    Is past life regression therapy ethical?Gabriel Andrade - 2017 - Journal of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine 10.
    Past life regression therapy is used by some physicians in cases with some mental diseases. Anxiety disorders, mood disorders, and gender dysphoria have all been treated using life regression therapy by some doctors on the assumption that they reflect problems in past lives. Although it is not supported by psychiatric associations, few medical associations have actually condemned it as unethical. In this article, I argue that past life regression therapy is unethical for two basic reasons. First, it is not evidence-based. (...)
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  11.  22
    Is public health concern a sufficient reason to illegalize consensual incest?Maria Campo Redondo & Gabriel Andrade - 2022 - Philosophical Forum 53 (4):269-281.
    Incest taboos are universal, but it is questionable whether consensual incest should continue to be illegal. The most common argument in favor of the illegalization of consensual incest appeals to genetic risks and the harm to potential offspring. In this article, we examine whether public health concern is a sufficient reason to illegalize consensual incest. We posit that indeed, incest represents a risk, but this is not reason enough to illegalize incest. For, other circumstances of sexual intercourse may lead to (...)
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  12.  16
    Depressive symptoms are associated with utilitarian responses in trolley dilemmas: a study amongst university students in the United Arab Emirates.Gabriel Andrade, Khadiga Yasser Abdelraouf Abdelmonem, Nour Alqaderi, Hajar Jamal Teir, Ahmed Banibella Abdelmagied Elamin & Dalia Bedewy - 2024 - Ethics and Behavior 34 (3):218-232.
    Trolley dilemmas have been used to justify the intuitive appeal of the doctrine of double effect. According to this doctrine, if a good action has a harmful side effect, it is morally acceptable to do it, provided the harmful effect is not intended. However, in some variants of the dilemma, most people are willing to forego this doctrine, thus making responses inconsistent. In this study, 404 university students from the United Arab Emirates (UAE) were presented with 4 versions of the (...)
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  13.  35
    A Rawlsian defense of participation trophies.Gabriel Andrade - 2022 - Philosophia 51 (1):19-32.
    Participation trophies in youth sports have become controversial in the so-called “culture wars” of recent years in Western countries. Conservative professional athletes and media pundits deride participation trophies, as they perceive them as akin to equality of outcome and Communist ideology. However, this is a mischaracterization of participation trophies, as liberalism can also provide a philosophical basis for a defense of these trophies. In this article, I rely on John Rawls’ contractual theory to build a defense of participation trophies. These (...)
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  14. Dinesh D´ Souza, Life After Death: the evidence.Gabriel Ernesto Andrade - 2010 - Endoxa 26:385-391.
     
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  15. Apostilla a "La moral de Avendaño respecto a los "indios toreros"", de Ángel Muñoz.Gabriel Ernesto Andrade - 2005 - Revista de Filosofía (Venezuela) 49 (1):12-13.
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  16. Apostilla a “La coca en la colonia: cultura, negocio y satanismo”, de Ángel Muñoz.Gabriel Andrade - 2006 - Revista de Filosofía (Venezuela) 53 (2):109-112.
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  17. Apostilla a "La moral de Avendaño respecto a los ‘indios toreros’", de Ángel Muñoz.Gabriel Andrade - 2005 - Revista de Filosofía 23 (49):101-104.
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  18.  21
    A libertanian critique of incest laws: Philosophical and anthropological perspectives.Gabriel Ernesto Andrade - 2021 - Human Affairs 31 (2):139-148.
    This article is a libertarian critique of incest laws. On the basis of the libertarian “harm principle”, one must ask what exactly is the harm that incest brings forth. Traditionally, anthropologists have tried to rationalize the incest taboo in various theories, and lawmakers have used these principles as grounds for the criminalization of incest. These principles are the preservation of family structure, the enhancement of alliances and the avoidance of genetic risks. While I acknowledge that these rationalizations are plausible, I (...)
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  19.  44
    Alan Macfarlane: entre el mundo moderno y la sociedad tradicional.Gabriel Andrade - 2004 - Utopía y Praxis Latinoamericana 9 (26):113-118.
    In this in ter view, the pres ti gious an thro - pol o gist, his to rian and T.V. anaouncer, Alan Macfarlane com ments on some of the is sues that have been ad dressed in his writ ings. His main the o ret i cal con cern has been to study the pe cu - liar con di tions that gave rise to the mod e..
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  20.  32
    Clinical cases and metaphysical theories of personal identity.Gabriel Andrade - 2019 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 22 (2):317-326.
    In this article, we consider three metaphysical theories of personal identity: the soul theory, the body theory, and the psychological theory. Clinical cases are discussed as they present conceptual problems for each of these theories. For the soul theory, the case of Phineas Gage, and cases of pedophilic behavior due to a brain tumor are discussed. For the body theory, hypothetical cases of cephalosomatic anastomosis and actual cases of dicephalic parapagus and craniopagus parasiticus are discussed. For the psychological theory, cases (...)
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  21. Can theology be a science: an epistemological reflection.Gabriel Andrade - 2021 - Metode 12 (1).
    Many dubious disciplines have been removed from academic institutions, but theology is not one of them, as it is still taught in respectable universities. This article argues that theology does not deserve that special treatment. Theology has long pretended to be a science, but it can never be, because ultimately, theology is grounded on faith and authority, two tenets that run counter to the scientific method. Natural theology appeals to evidence and reason, but it also fails in its endeavor. More (...)
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  22. Dos perspectivas sobre el problema del mal: la Teodicea de Leibniz y Cándido de Voltaire.Gabriel Ernesto Andrade - 2010 - Revista de Filosofía (Venezuela) 64 (1):25-47.
    En este artículo se presentan dos perspectivas sobre uno de los más antiguos problemas planteados en la filosofía de la religión: si Dios es bueno y omnipotente, ¿cómo puede existir el mal? El filósofo alemán del siglo XVII, Gottfried Leibniz, ofreció una respuesta a este problema en su obra cumbre, Teodicea, argumentando que vivimos en el mejor de los mundos posibles. Un siglo después, Voltaire protestó contra la respuesta ofrecida por Leibniz, y la ridiculizó en su famosa novela, Cándido. Al (...)
     
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  23.  46
    Estudio.Gabriel Andrade & María Susana Campo Redondo - 2002 - Utopía y Praxis Latinoamericana 7 (17):9-35.
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  24. Evaluación de los principales argumentos dualistas en la filosofía de la mente.Gabriel Andrade - 2011 - la Lámpara de Diógenes 11 (20-21):31-46.
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  25.  98
    El problema de la teodicea en el pensamiento de Joseph de Maistre.Gabriel Ernesto Andrade - 2006 - 'Ilu. Revista de Ciencias de Las Religiones 11:71-92.
    El problema de la teodicea ha sido una de las grandes preocupaciones del pensamiento religioso en Occidente: si Dios es absolutamente bueno y omnipotente, ¿cómo puede existir el mal en el mundo?, y ¿por qué sufren los virtuosos y gozan los impíos? En la Antigüedad, el Libro de Job intentó ofrecer una respuesta que perduró hasta tiempos modernos. En el siglo XVII, Leibniz ofreció una respuesta mucho más racionalizada, propia de los tiempos modernos. Joseph de Maistre, un contrarrevolucionario del siglo (...)
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  26. En torno a Avendaño y Sahún: diferentes encuentros con el Otro en la colonia.Gabriel Ernesto Andrade - 2003 - Revista de Filosofía (Venezuela) 45 (3):2-3.
    El siguiente artículo tiene como objetivo establecer una comparación entre las reflexiones sobre los indígenas en la obra de Diego de Avendaño y Bernardino de Sahagún. Partiendo de las concepciones de la antropología posmoderna, se considera que el interés por y la reconstrucción del Otro tienen prioridad en la época poscolonial. En este sentido, Avendaño es categorizado como un autor que, si bien emprender una defensa de los indígenas, mantiene poco interés por ellos, mientras que Sahagún, con su disposición etnológica, (...)
     
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  27. En torno a Avendaño y Sahún : Diferentes encuentros con el Otro en la colonia.Gabriel Andrade - 2003 - Revista de Filosofía 21 (45):7-25.
    El siguiente artículo tiene como objetivo establecer una comparación entre las reflexiones sobre los indígenas en la obra de Diego de Avendaño y Bernardino de Sahagún. Partiendo de las concepciones de la antropología posmoderna, se considera que el interés por y la reconstrucción del Otro tienen prioridad en la época poscolonial. En este sentido, Avendaño es categorizado como un autor que, si bien emprender una defensa de los indígenas, mantiene poco interés por ellos, mientras que Sahagún, con su disposición etnológica, (...)
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  28. Gaspar de Jovellanos' Critique of Bullfighting.Gabriel Andrade - 2022 - International Journal of the History of Sport 37 (11).
    Bullfighting debates in Spain are increasingly intense. Defenders of bullfighting as sport and as art, typically argue that many of the country’s most esteemed intellectual and artistic figures were bullfight enthusiasts. This is admittedly true, but by the same token Spain has a long tradition of anti-bullfighting thought. One prominent critic of bullfighting in the eighteenth century was Gaspar Melchor Jovellanos. Often considered the best representative of the Spanish Enlightenment, Jovellanos did not address bullfighting as a central concern. But, in (...)
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  29. Girard, René.Gabriel Andrade - 2012 - In J. Feiser & B. Dowden (eds.), Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
     
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  30. ¿hay Evidencia Histórica A Favor De La Resurrección De Jesús?Gabriel Andrade - 2010 - El Catoblepas: Revista Crítica Del Presente.
    Se evalúan los argumentos apologistas según los cuales hay evidencia histórica a favor de la resurrección de Jesús.
     
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  31. Immortality.Gabriel Andrade - 2011 - In James Fieser & Bradley Dowden (eds.), Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Immortality is the indefinite continuation of a person’s existence, even after death. In common parlance, immortality is virtually indistinguishable from afterlife, but philosophically speaking, they are not identical. Afterlife is the continuation of existence after death, regardless of whether or not that continuation is indefinite. Immortality implies a never-ending existence, regardless of whether or not the body dies (as a matter of fact, some hypothetical medical technologies offer the prospect of a bodily immortality, but not an afterlife). Immortality has been (...)
     
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  32. Is conversion therapy ethical? A renewed discussion in the context of legal efforts to ban it.Gabriel Andrade - 2021 - Ethics, Medicine and Public Health 22 (2).
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  33. Is Concern With Overpopulation a Good Argument Against Radical Life Extension?Gabriel Andrade - 2022 - International Journal of Technoethics 13 (1).
    Projects of radical life extension have been discussed amongst scientists for years. Some bioethicists express reservations about this endeavor. A common objection appeals to demography: if the human lifespan is dramatically expanded, humanity would face an overpopulation problem. In this essay, the authors reply to this objection. They posit that radical life extension is unlikely to lead to overpopulation because overpopulation is determined more by fertility rates than by longevity, and as a result of the advanced phases of industrialization, fertility (...)
     
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  34. "in Memoriam": Recordando A Jacques Derrida.Gabriel Andrade - 2004 - Utopía y Praxis Latinoamericana 27:109-110.
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  35.  15
    Joseph de Maistre and Retributionist Theology.Gabriel Andrade - 2017 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations at University of Tabriz 11 (21):1-12.
    Joseph de Maistre is usually portrayed as Edmund Burke’s French counterpart, as they both wrote important treatises against the French Revolution. Although Maistre did share many of Burke’s conservative political views, he was much more than a political thinker. He was above all a religious thinker who interpreted political events through the prism of a particular retributionist theology. According to this theology, God punishes evil deeds, not only in the afterlife, but also in this terrestrial life; and sometimes, he may (...)
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  36. Las raíces veterotestamentarias de las "Consideraciones sobre Francia", de Joseph de Maistre.Gabriel Andrade - 2007 - Analogía Filosófica 21 (1):73-114.
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  37. La resurrección y la identidad personal.Gabriel Andrade - 2010 - El Catoblepas: Revista Crítica Del Presente.
    Se evalúan algunos de los problemas conceptuales que enfrenta la doctrina de la resurrección.
     
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  38.  77
    Metáforas no verbales: En torna a Mary Douglas y Claude Lévi-Strauss.Gabriel Andrade - 2004 - Utopía y Praxis Latinoamericana 9 (25):99-120.
    This ar ti cle ex tends, from a philo soph i cal and an thro po log i cal point of view, the re cent dis - cus sions as to what is met a phoric. Lan guage phi - los o phers have con trib uted to the un der stand ing of the na ture and func tion of met a phors, but their com ments have been tra ..
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  39. Manifiesto sobre la globalización.Gabriel Ernesto Andrade - 2005 - Revista de Filosofía (Venezuela) 50 (2):11-12.
    Contrario a las corrientes "políticamente correctas" de la academia latinoamericana, este ensayo sostiene que la globalización no es un fenómeno que debamos lamentar enteramente. El discurso anti-globalización se ha convertido en una suerte de moda intelectual, cuestión aprovechada por muchos demagogos para ganar audiencia. Tomando en consideración la obra de Karl Jaspers, el ensayo propone que la globalización es una continuación del "tiempo-eje", una transformación de la cual sería una hipocresía lamentarse.
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  40.  56
    Reseña de" El legado del cristianismo en la cultura occidental" de César Vidal.Gabriel Andrade - 2006 - Utopía y Praxis Latinoamericana 11 (34):138-141.
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  41. Sobre la desigualdad de las culturas.Gabriel Ernesto Andrade - 2008 - Revista de Filosofía (Venezuela) 59 (2):61-86.
    Este ensayo critica la postura del multiculturalismo, movimiento filosóficopolítico en boga que defiende la igualdad de las culturas, pero ésta no está implicada en la igualdad natural de los hombres, y el relativismo, que defiende la igualdad de las culturas, es problemático desde un punto de vista lógico. La noción misma de igualdad llevaría a la conclusión paradójica de que las sociedades igualitarias son superiores a las sociedades jerárquicas. Igualmente, amerita destacar la singularidad de Occidente respecto a otras culturas. Pero (...)
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  42. Sobre la desigualdad de las culturas.Gabriel Andrade - 2008 - Revista de Filosofía 26 (59):61-88.
    Este ensayo critica la postura del multiculturalismo, movimiento filosófico-político en boga que defiende la igualdad de las culturas, pero ésta no está implicada en la igualdad natural de los hombres, y el relativismo, que defiende la igualdad de las culturas, es problemático desde un punto de vista lógico. La noción misma de igualdad llevaría a la conclusión paradójica de que las sociedades igualitarias son superiores a las sociedades jerárquicas. Igualmente, amerita destacar la singularidad de Occidente respecto a otras culturas. Pero (...)
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  43.  11
    Standing up for Science against Postmodernism and Relativism.Gabriel Andrade - 2019 - Philosophia: International Journal of Philosophy (Philippine e-journal) 20 (2):197-211.
    The purpose of this article is to tackle the way postmodernists have attacked science. Departing from the doctrine of relativism, postmodernists have long claimed that science does not deserve any priority over pseudoscientific or even anti-scientific approaches. Regrettably, in the 20th Century, some philosophers were part of this trend. Claude Levi Strauss’ views on rationality and irrationality, Ludwig Wittgenstein’s notion of “language games”, Paul Feyerabend’s epistemological anarchism, and Thomas Kuhn’s theories about paradigms and their incommensurability, are objects of critique in (...)
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  44. "tiempo Cíclico" En La Obra De Mircea Eliade Y René Girard.Gabriel Andrade & Maria Redondo - 2002 - Utopía y Praxis Latinoamericana 17:9-36.
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  45.  16
    Los orígenes de la ciencia según René Girard.Gabriel Andrade - 2006 - Alpha (Osorno) 23.
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  46.  32
    The Problem of Evil in Sports: Applications and Arguments.Gabriel Andrade - 2021 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 15 (3):400-416.
    The problem of evil is very old in philosophy (if God is omnipotent and benevolent, why does he allow evil in the world?), but it has not been sufficiently discussed in the context of sports. This article discusses how athletes and fans in sports relate to it. In sports, there are moral evils, such as cheating, trash talking and unjust retaliation. Theists have traditionally appealed to free will as a way to respond to the challenge of moral evil, but this (...)
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  47. The shaming of people with disabilities in clinical practice: a bioethical critique.Gabriel Andrade - 2022 - Medicina E Morale 71 (3).
    Shaming is defended by some as a necessary measure of social control. But shaming is unjust to the extent that it is disproportionate, and largely counterproductive. While much progress has been made, people with disabilities are still frequently at the receiving end of shaming. This is manifest in disregard for accommodation requests, condescending attitudes and overall lack of empathy towards people with disabilities. These trends are also manifest in clinical settings. Medical staff and healthcare workers need to seriously consider this (...)
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  48. La familia, célula de la democracia antigua y moderna:: De Aristóteles a Tocqueville.Angel Muñoz García & Gabriel Andrade - 2006 - Revista de Filosofía 24 (54):81-118.
    Este artículo es un estudio comparativo de la manera en que Aristóteles y Alexis de Tocqueville conciben a la familia dentro del contexto de la democracia antigua y moderna, respectivamente. Se elabora un recorrido por la institución de la familia y el matrimonio en Grecia y Roma, y sus vinculaciones con las ideas políticas de esas civilizaciones. Igualmente, se contrasta el entendimiento antiguo de la democracia con el de Tocqueville, y se analiza la vinculación que éste estableció entre el hogar (...)
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  49. La familia, célula de la democracia antigua y moderna: de Aristóteles a Tocqueville.Angel Muñoz García & Gabriel Ernesto Andrade - 2006 - Revista de Filosofía (Venezuela) 54 (3):81-118.
    Este artículo es un estudio comparativo de la manera en que Aristóteles y Alexis de Tocqueville conciben a la familia dentro del contexto de la democracia antigua y moderna, respectivamente. Se elabora un recorrido por la institución de la familia y el matrimonio en Grecia y Roma, y sus vinculaciones con las ideas políticas de esas civilizaciones. Igualmente, se contrasta el entendimiento antiguo de la democracia con el de Tocqueville, y se analiza la vinculación que éste estableció entre el hogar (...)
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  50.  23
    Cryonics, euthanasia, and the doctrine of double effect. [REVIEW]Maria Campo Redondo & Gabriel Andrade - 2023 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 18 (1):1-10.
    In 1989, Thomas Donaldson requested the California courts to allow physicians to hasten his death. Donaldson had been diagnosed with brain cancer, and he desired to die in order to cryonically preserve his brain, so as to stop its further deterioration. This case elicits an important question: is this a case of euthanasia? In this article, we examine the traditional criteria of death, and contrast it with the information-theoretic criterion. If this criterion is accepted, we posit that Donaldson’s case would (...)
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