Results for 'Gareth Gaskell'

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  1.  15
    Overnight lexical consolidation revealed by speech segmentation.Nicolas Dumay & M. Gareth Gaskell - 2012 - Cognition 123 (1):119-132.
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  2.  18
    Oxford Handbook of Psycholinguistics.Gareth Gaskell (ed.) - 2009 - Oxford University Press.
    The Oxford Handbook of Psycholinguistics brings together the views of 75 leading researchers in psycholinguistics to provide a comprehensive and authoritative review of the current state of the art in psycholinguistics. With almost 50 chapters written by experts in the field, the range and depth of coverage is unequalled.
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  3.  26
    Lexical competition and the acquisition of novel words.M. Gareth Gaskell & Nicolas Dumay - 2003 - Cognition 89 (2):105-132.
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  4.  30
    Modelling the effects of semantic ambiguity in word recognition.Jennifer M. Rodd, M. Gareth Gaskell & William D. Marslen-Wilson - 2004 - Cognitive Science 28 (1):89-104.
    Most words in English are ambiguous between different interpretations; words can mean different things in different contexts. We investigate the implications of different types of semantic ambiguity for connectionist models of word recognition. We present a model in which there is competition to activate distributed semantic representations. The model performs well on the task of retrieving the different meanings of ambiguous words, and is able to simulate data reported by Rodd, Gaskell, and Marslen‐Wilson [J. Mem. Lang. 46 (2002) 245] (...)
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  5.  18
    Ambiguity, Competition, and Blending in Spoken Word Recognition.M. Gareth Gaskell & William D. Marslen-Wilson - 1999 - Cognitive Science 23 (4):439-462.
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  6.  7
    Parallel activation of distributed concepts: who put the P in the PDP.M. Gareth Gaskell - 1996 - In Garrison W. Cottrell (ed.), Proceedings of the Eighteenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Lawrence Erlbaum. pp. 284--289.
  7. Statistical and connnectionist models of speech perception and word recognition.M. Gareth Gaskell - 2009 - In Gareth Gaskell (ed.), Oxford Handbook of Psycholinguistics. Oxford University Press.
     
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  8.  9
    Contextual priming of word meanings is stabilized over sleep.M. Gareth Gaskell, Scott A. Cairney & Jennifer M. Rodd - 2019 - Cognition 182 (C):109-126.
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  9.  25
    A Connectionist Model of Phonological Representation in Speech Perception.M. Gareth Gaskell, Mary Hare & William D. Marslen-Wilson - 1995 - Cognitive Science 19 (4):407-439.
    A number of recent studies have examined the effects of phonological variation on the perception of speech. These studies show that both the lexical representations of words and the mechanisms of lexical access are organized so that natural, systematic variation is tolerated by the perceptual system, while a general intolerance of random deviation is maintained. Lexical abstraction distinguishes between phonetic features that form the invariant core of a word and those that are susceptible to variation. Phonological inference relies on the (...)
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  10.  29
    Reading spoken words: Orthographic effects in auditory priming.Céline Chéreau, M. Gareth Gaskell & Nicolas Dumay - 2007 - Cognition 102 (3):341-360.
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  11.  34
    Modeling lexical effects on phonetic categorization and semantic effects on word recognition.M. Gareth Gaskell - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (3):329-330.
    I respond to Norris et al.'s criticism of Gaskell and Marslen- Wilson (1997). When the latter's network is tested in circumstances comparable to the Merge simulations in the target article, it produces the desired pattern of results. In another area of potential feedback in spoken word processing, aspects of lexical content influence word recognition and our network provides a simple explanation of why such effects emerge. It is unclear how such effects would be accommodated by Merge.
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  12. The Oxford Handbook of Psycholinguistics.Shirley-Ann Rueschemeyer & M. Gareth Gaskell (eds.) - 2018 - Oxford University Press.
    With contributions from the fields of psychology, linguistics, cognitive neuroscience, attention, genetics, development, and neuropsychology divided into five themed sections, this new edition of The Oxford Handbook of Psycholinguistics is unparalleled in its breadth of coverage.
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  13.  16
    Type-2 problems are difficult to learn, but generalize well (in general).M. Gareth Gaskell - 1997 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (1):73-73.
    Learning a mapping involves finding regularities in a training set and generalization to novel patterns. Clark & Thornton's type distinction has been discussed in terms of generalization, but has limited value in this respect. However, in terms of detection of regularities in the training set, the distinction is more valid, as it provides a measure of complexity and correlates with the size of search space.
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  14. Spaced learning and the lexical integration of novel words.Shane Lindsay & M. Gareth Gaskell - 2009 - In N. A. Taatgen & H. van Rijn (eds.), Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. pp. 2517--2522.
     
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  15.  45
    Do words go to sleep? Exploring consolidation of spoken forms through direct and indirect measures.Nicolas Dumay & M. Gareth Gaskell - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (1):69-70.
    We address the notion of integration of new memory representations and the potential dependence of this phenomenon on sleep, in light of recent findings on the lexicalization of spoken words. A distinction is introduced between measures tapping directly into the strength of the newly acquired knowledge and indirect measures assessing the influence of this knowledge on spoken word identification.
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  16.  15
    Stroop effects from newly learned color words: effects of memory consolidation and episodic context.Sebastian Geukes, M. Gareth Gaskell & Pienie Zwitserlood - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  17.  1
    Schematic information influences memory and generalisation behaviour for schema-relevant and -irrelevant information.Jamie P. Cockcroft, Sam C. Berens, M. Gareth Gaskell & Aidan J. Horner - 2022 - Cognition 227 (C):105203.
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  18.  4
    Word-meaning priming extends beyond homonyms.Adam J. Curtis, Matthew H. C. Mak, Shuang Chen, Jennifer M. Rodd & M. Gareth Gaskell - 2022 - Cognition 226 (C):105175.
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  19. Truth and meaning: essays in semantics.Gareth Evans & John Henry McDowell (eds.) - 1976 - Oxford [Eng.]: Clarendon Press.
    Truth and Meaning is a classic collection of original essays on fundamental questions in the philosophy of language.
  20.  29
    Dialogues with children.Gareth B. Matthews - 1984 - Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
    Dialogues generated over a year of weekly meetings with 8 children at a school in Edinburgh. The author and the children attempted to craft stories reflecting philosophical problems.
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  21. The Varieties of Reference.Gareth Evans - 1982 - Oxford: Oxford University Press. Edited by John Henry McDowell.
  22. TRUTH – A Conversation between P F Strawson and Gareth Evans (1973).P. F. Strawson & Gareth Evans - manuscript
    This is a transcript of a conversation between P F Strawson and Gareth Evans in 1973, filmed for The Open University. Under the title 'Truth', Strawson and Evans discuss the question as to whether the distinction between genuinely fact-stating uses of language and other uses can be grounded on a theory of truth, especially a 'thin' notion of truth in the tradition of F P Ramsey.
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  23. Systematics and Biogeography.Gareth Nelson & Norman Platnick - 1981 - Harcourt, Brace and World.
     
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  24.  74
    Philosophy and the young child.Gareth B. Matthews - 1980 - Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
    In a series of exquisite examples that could only have been gathered by a professional philosopher with an extraordinary respect for young minds, Gareth...
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  25. Semantic theory and tacit knowledge.Gareth Evans - 2009 - In Darragh Byrne & Max Kölbel (eds.), Arguing About Language. Routledge.
     
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  26.  8
    Augustine: On the Trinity.Gareth B. Matthews & Stephen McKenna (eds.) - 2012 - Cambridge University Press.
    An appropriate motto for Augustine's great work On the Trinity is 'faith in search of understanding'. In this treatise Augustine offers a part-theological, part-philosophical account of how God might be understood in analogy to the human mind. On the Trinity can be fairly described as the first modern philosophy of mind: it is the first work in philosophy to recognize the 'problem of other minds', and the first to offer the 'argument from analogy' as a response to that problem. Other (...)
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  27.  38
    Socratic perplexity and the nature of philosophy.Gareth B. Matthews - 1999 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Gareth Matthews suggests that we can better understand the nature of philosophical inquiry if we recognize the central role played by perplexity. The seminal representation of philosophical perplexity is in Plato's dialogues; Matthews examines the intriguing shifts in Plato's attitude to perplexity and suggests that these may represent a course of philosophical development that philosophers follow even today.
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  28. The Varieties of Reference.Gareth Evans & John Mcdowell - 1986 - Philosophy 61 (238):534-538.
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  29. The Causal Theory of Names.Gareth Evans - 1973 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 47 (1):187–208.
  30. Can there be vague objects?Gareth Evans - 1978 - Analysis 38 (4):208.
  31. Reflexivity and bracketing in sociological phenomenological research: Researching the competitive swimming lifeworld.Gareth McNarry, Jacquelyn Allen-Collinson & Adam Evans - 2019 - Qualitative Research in Sport, Exercise and Health 11 (1):38-51.
    In this article, following on from earlier debates in the journal regarding the ‘thorny issue’ of epochē and bracketing in sociological phenomenological research, we consider more generally the challenges of engaging in reflexivity and bracketing when undertaking ethnographic ‘insider’ research, or research in familiar settings. We ground our discussion and illustrate some of the key challenges by drawing on the experience of undertaking this research approach with a group of competitive swimmers, who were participating in a British university performance swimming (...)
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  32. Millennium and enlightenment: Robert Owen and the second coming of the truth.Gareth Stedman Jones - 2018 - In Bela Kapossy, Isaac Nakhimovsky, Sophus A. Reinert & Richard Whatmore (eds.), Markets, morals, politics: jealousy of trade and the history of political thought. Harvard University Press.
     
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  33.  73
    Clinical assessment of decision-making capacity in acquired brain injury with personality change.Gareth S. Owen, Fabian Freyenhagen, Wayne Martin & Anthony S. David - unknown
    Assessment of decision-making capacity can be difficult in acquired brain injury particularly with the syndrome of organic personality disorder. Clinical neuroscience may help but there are challenges translating its constructs to the decision-making abilities considered relevant by law and ethics. An in-depth interview study of DMC in OPD was undertaken. Six patients were purposefully sampled and rich interview data were acquired for scrutiny using interpretative phenomenological analysis. Interview data revealed that awareness of deficit and thinking about psychological states can be (...)
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  34. Sensory sociological phenomenology, somatic learning and 'lived' temperature in competitive pool swimming.Gareth McNarry, Jacquelyn Allen-Collinson & Adam Evans - 2020 - The Sociological Review 68.
    In this article, we address an existing lacuna in the sociology of the senses, by employing sociological phenomenology to illuminate the under-researched sense of temperature, as lived by a social group for whom water temperature is particularly salient: competitive pool swimmers. The research contributes to a developing ‘sensory sociology’ that highlights the importance of the socio-cultural framing of the senses and ‘sensory work’, but where there remains a dearth of sociological exploration into senses extending beyond the ‘classic five’ sensorium. Drawing (...)
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  35. Understanding demonstratives.Gareth Evans - 1981 - In Herman Parret & Jacques Bouveresse (eds.), Meaning and Understanding. Berlin: de Gruyter. pp. 280--304.
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  36.  73
    Thought's ego in Augustine and Descartes.Gareth B. Matthews - 1992 - Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
    This book will be of great interest to philosophers of mind and epistemologists, historians of philosophy and their students, philosophers of religion, and ...
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  37. Collected papers.Gareth Evans - 1985 - New York: Oxford University Press.
  38. Reference and contingency.Gareth Evans - 1979 - The Monist 62 (2):161-189.
    ‘A logical theory may be tested by its capacity for dealing with puzzles, and it is a wholesome plan, in thinking about logic, to stock the mind with as many puzzles as possible, since these serve much the same purpose as is served by experiments in physical science.’ This paper is an attempt to follow Russell’s advice by using a puzzle about the contingent a priori to test and explore certain theories of reference and modality. No one could claim that (...)
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  39.  83
    Somewhere Between a Stopwatch and a Recording Device: Ethnographic Reflections From the Pool.Gareth McNarry, Jacquelyn Allen-Collinson & Adam Evans - 2024 - Journal of Contemporary Ethnography 53 (1):31-50.
    As has recently been highlighted, despite the prevalence of methodological “confessional tales” in ethnography generally, the challenges of undertaking ethnographic research specifically in institutional sports settings remain underexplored. Drawing on data from a 3-year ethnographic study of competitive swimming in the United Kingdom (UK), here we explore some of the practical challenges of balancing different elements of the researcher’s role when undertaking ethnographic “insider” research in familiar settings. In particular, we consider the difficulties of balancing the role of a doctoral (...)
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  40. Molyneux's question.Gareth Evans - 1985 - In Collected Papers. Oxford University Press.
     
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  41. Can there be vague objects?Gareth Evans - 2004 - In Tim Crane & Katalin Farkas (eds.), Metaphysics: A Guide and Anthology. Oxford University Press.
     
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  42.  2
    Bultmann: Towards a Critical Theology.Gareth Jones - 1991 - Polity.
    This is a major new contribution to the contemporary reappraisal of the Bultmann legacy of theology as a phenomenological enterprise, rather than a nebulous existentialism.
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  43. Does tense logic rest on a mistake?Gareth Evans - 1985 - In Collected Papers: Gareth Evans. Oxford: Clarendon Press. pp. 343-363.
     
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  44.  22
    A Nominalist Alternative to Reference by Abstraction.Gareth Rhys Pearce - 2022 - Theoria 1:1-12.
    Theoria, EarlyView. -/- In his recent book Thin Objects, Øystein Linnebo (2018) argues for the existence of a hierarchy of abstract objects, sufficient to model ZFC, via a novel and highly interesting argument that relies on a process called dynamic abstraction. This paper presents a way for a nominalist, someone opposed to the existence of abstract objects, to avoid Linnebo's conclusion by rejecting his claim that certain abstraction principles are sufficient for reference (RBA). Section 1 of the paper explains Linnebo's (...)
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  45. Temporal inabilities and decision-making capacity in depression.Gareth S. Owen, Fabian Freyenhagen, Matthew Hotopf & Wayne Martin - 2015 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 14 (1):163-182.
    We report on an interview-based study of decision-making capacity in two classes of patients suffering from depression. Developing a method of second-person hermeneutic phenomenology, we articulate the distinctive combination of temporal agility and temporal inability characteristic of the experience of severely depressed patients. We argue that a cluster of decision-specific temporal abilities is a critical element of decision-making capacity, and we show that loss of these abilities is a risk factor distinguishing severely depressed patients from mildly/moderately depressed patients. We explore (...)
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  46.  48
    Reference and Contingency.Gareth Evans - 1979 - The Monist 62 (2):161-189.
    ‘A logical theory may be tested by its capacity for dealing with puzzles, and it is a wholesome plan, in thinking about logic, to stock the mind with as many puzzles as possible, since these serve much the same purpose as is served by experiments in physical science.’ This paper is an attempt to follow Russell’s advice by using a puzzle about the contingent a priori to test and explore certain theories of reference and modality. No one could claim that (...)
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  47. Things Without the Mind–A Commentary upon Chapter Two of Strawson's Individuals'.Gareth Evans - 1980 - In Z. Van Straaten (ed.), Philosophical Subjects. Oxford University Press.
  48.  12
    Tsongkhapa.Gareth Sparham - forthcoming - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  49.  26
    Engaging farmers in environmental management through a better understanding of behaviour.Jane Mills, Peter Gaskell, Julie Ingram, Janet Dwyer, Matt Reed & Christopher Short - 2017 - Agriculture and Human Values 34 (2):283-299.
    The United Kingdom’s approach to encouraging environmentally positive behaviour has been three-pronged, through voluntarism, incentives and regulation, and the balance between the approaches has fluctuated over time. Whilst financial incentives and regulatory approaches have been effective in achieving some environmental management behavioural change amongst farmers, ultimately these can be viewed as transient drivers without long-term sustainability. Increasingly, there is interest in ‘nudging’ managers towards voluntary environmentally friendly actions. This approach requires a good understanding of farmers’ willingness and ability to take (...)
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  50.  18
    The Cosmic Viewpoint: A Study of Seneca's 'Natural Questions'.Gareth D. Williams - 2012 - Oup Usa.
    This book examines the literary and philosophical qualities essential to Seneca's art of science in his Natural Questions. Seneca's meteorological theme raises our gaze from a terrestrial level to a higher, more intuitive plane - a conceptual climb by which Seneca promotes a change of perspective in his readership towards the cosmic viewpoint.
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