Results for 'Garrett Honke'

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  1.  8
    Similarity is as similarity does? A critical inquiry into the effect of thematic association on similarity.Garrett Honke & Kenneth J. Kurtz - 2019 - Cognition 186 (C):115-138.
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  2.  33
    Rapid Learning in a Children's Museum via Analogical Comparison.Dedre Gentner, Susan C. Levine, Raedy Ping, Ashley Isaia, Sonica Dhillon, Claire Bradley & Garrett Honke - 2016 - Cognitive Science 40 (1):224-240.
    We tested whether analogical training could help children learn a key principle of elementary engineering—namely, the use of a diagonal brace to stabilize a structure. The context for this learning was a construction activity at the Chicago Children's Museum, in which children and their families build a model skyscraper together. The results indicate that even a single brief analogical comparison can confer insight. The results also reveal conditions that support analogical learning.
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  3.  71
    Garrett Hardin.Garrett Hardin - 2002 - In Ruth F. Chadwick & Doris Schroeder (eds.), Applied Ethics: Critical Concepts in Philosophy. Routledge. pp. 4--145.
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  4.  19
    Attentional biases for angry faces: Relationships to trait anger and anxiety.Jack Van Honk, Adriaan Tuiten, Edward de Haan, Marcel van den Hout & Henderickus Stam - 2001 - Cognition and Emotion 15 (3):279-297.
  5.  13
    I—Garrett Cullity: Particularism and Presumptive Reasons.Garrett Cullity - 2002 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 76 (1):169-190.
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  6.  7
    I—Garrett Cullity: Particularism and Presumptive Reasons.Garrett Cullity - 2002 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 76 (1):169-190.
    Weak particularism about reasons is the view that the normative valency of some descriptive considerations varies, while others have an invariant normative valency. A defence of this view needs to respond to arguments that a consideration cannot count in favour of any action unless it counts in favour of every action. But it cannot resort to a global holism about reasons, if it claims that there are some examples of invariant valency. This paper argues for weak particularism, and presents a (...)
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  7.  4
    I—Garrett Cullity: Particularism and Presumptive Reasons.Garrett Cullity - 2002 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 76 (1):169-190.
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  8.  86
    The Tragedy of the Commons.Garrett Hardin - 1968 - Science 162 (3859):1243-1248.
    At the end of a thoughtful article on the future of nuclear war, Wiesner and York concluded that: "Both sides in the arms race are... confronted by the dilemma of steadily increasing military power and steadily decreasing national security. It is our considered professional judgment that this dilemma has no technical solution. If the great powers continue to look for solutions in the area of science and technology only, the result will be to worsen the situation.".
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  9.  19
    Attentional biases for angry faces: Relationships to trait anger and anxiety.Jack Van Honk, Adriaan Tuiten, Edward de Haan, Marcel Vann de Hout & Henderickus Stam - 2001 - Cognition and Emotion 15 (3):279-297.
  10.  14
    Personal Identity.Brian Garrett - 1992 - Noûs 26 (1):128-130.
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  11.  24
    Spinoza.Don Garrett - 1991 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 51 (4):952-955.
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  12.  21
    For effective sensorimotor processing must there be explicit representations and reconciliation of differing frames of reference?Garrett E. Alexander - 1992 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (2):321-322.
  13.  5
    The Cambridge companion to Nietzsche.Don Garrett, Bernd Magnus, Kathleen Marie Higgins & Kathleen Higgins (eds.) - 1996 - New York, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press.
    The significance of Friedrich Nietzsche for twentieth century culture is now no longer a matter of dispute. He was quite simply one of the most influential of modern thinkers. The opening essay of this 1996 Companion provides a chronologically organised introduction to and summary of Nietzsche's published works, while also providing an overview of their basic themes and concerns. It is followed by three essays on the appropriation and misappropriation of his writings, and a group of essays exploring the nature (...)
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  14. Do cortical and basal ganglionic motor areas use “motor programs” to control movement?Garrett E. Alexander, Mahlon R. DeLong & Michael D. Crutcher - 1992 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (4):656-665.
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  15.  46
    Dynamic brain systems in Quest for emotional homeostasis.Jack van Honk & J. L. G. Schutter - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (2):220-221.
    Lewis proposes a solution for bridging the gap between cognitive-psychological and neurobiological theories of emotion in terms of dynamic systems modeling. However, an important brain network is absent in his account: the neuroendocrine system. In this commentary, the dynamic features of the cross-talk between the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) and gonadal (HPG) axes are discussed within a triple-balance model of emotion.
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  16.  61
    Raw feeling: A model for affective consciousness.Jack van Honk, Barak E. Morgan & Dennis J. L. G. Schutter - 2007 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (1):107-108.
    Seeking to unlock the secrets of consciousness, neuroscientists have been studying neural correlates of sensory awareness, such as meaningless randomly moving dots. But in the natural world of species' survival, “raw feelings” mediate conscious adaptive responses. Merker connects the brainstem with vigilance, orientating, and emotional consciousness. However, depending on the brain's phylogenetic level, raw feeling takes particular forms. (Published Online May 1 2007).
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  17.  57
    Testosterone, cortisol, dominance, and submission: Biologically prepared motivation, no psychological mechanisms involved.Jack van Honk, Dennis J. L. G. Schutter, Erno J. Hermans & Peter Putman - 2004 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (1):160-160.
    Mazur & Booth's (1998) target article concerns basal and reciprocal relations between testosterone and dominance, and has its roots in Mazur's (1985; 1994) model of primate dominance-submissiveness interactions. Threats are exchanged in these interactions and a psychological stress-manipulation mechanism is suggested to operate, making sure that face-to-face dominance contests are usually resolved without aggression. In this commentary, a recent line of evidence from human research on the relation between testosterone, cortisol, and vigilant (dominant) and avoidant (submissive) responses to threatening “angry” (...)
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  18.  4
    Language: A Biological Model.Ruth Garrett Millikan - 2005 - Oxford, GB: Clarendon Press.
    Guiding the work of most linguists and philosophers of language today is the assumption that language is governed by rules. This volume presents a different way of viewing the partial regularities that language displays, the way they express norms and conventions. It argues that the central norms applying to language are non-evaluative; they are more like those norms of function and behavior that account for the survival and proliferation of biological species. Specific linguistic forms survive and are reproduced together with (...)
  19.  9
    An Essay on Free Will.B. J. Garrett - 1984 - Philosophical Quarterly 34 (135):171-172.
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  20.  69
    Particularism and moral theory: Particularism and presumptive reasons: Garrett Cullity.Garrett Cullity - 2002 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 76 (1):169–190.
    Weak particularism about reasons is the view that the normative valency of some descriptive considerations varies, while others have an invariant normative valency. A defence of this view needs to respond to arguments that a consideration cannot count in favour of any action unless it counts in favour of every action. But it cannot resort to a global holism about reasons, if it claims that there are some examples of invariant valency. This paper argues for weak particularism, and presents a (...)
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  21.  70
    Making Quasi-Realists Admit of Fundamental Moral Fallibility.Garrett Lam - 2020 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 98 (2):294-303.
    If the quasi-realist wants to earn the right to talk like a moral realist, he needs to be able to make sense of moral error. A special form of error—fundamental moral error—is often thought to be u...
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  22.  75
    Louis Osgood Kattsoff. Modality and probability. The philosophical review, vol. 46 (1937), pp. 78–85.Garrett Birkhoff & John von Neumann - 1937 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 2 (1):44-44.
  23. Sungnōmē in Aristotle.Carissa Phillips-Garrett - 2017 - Apeiron 50 (3):311-333.
    Aristotle claims that in some extenuating circumstances, the correct response to the wrongdoer is sungnōmē rather than blame. Sungnōmē has a wide spectrum of meanings that include aspects of sympathy, pity, fellow-feeling, pardon, and excuse, but the dominant interpretation among scholars takes Aristotle’s meaning to correspond most closely to forgiveness. Thus, it is commonly held that the virtuous Aristotelian agent ought to forgive wrongdoers in specific extenuating circumstances. Against the more popular forgiveness interpretation, I begin by defending a positive account (...)
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  24.  7
    Grounding Cosmopolitanism: From Kant to the Idea of a Cosmopolitan Constitution.Garrett Wallace Brown - 2009 - Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
    In a new interpretation, Garrett Wallace Brown considers Kant's cosmopolitan thought as a form of international constitutional jurisprudence that requires minimal legal demands. He explores and defends topics such as cosmopolitan law, cosmopolitan right, the laws of hospitality, a Kantian federation of states, a cosmopolitan epistemology of culture and a possible normative basis for a Kantian form of global distributive justice.
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  25.  8
    The calling of the virtuous manager: Politics_ shepherded by _practical wisdom.Garrett Potts - 2020 - Business Ethics 29 (S1):6-16.
    This paper extends an ongoing discussion about establishing a sharper way to conduct ethical investigations into managerial virtue. It does so by relying on Alasdair MacIntyre's moral philosophy in place of those more dominant approaches taken by scholars who make up the field of positive social science. A connection is drawn herein between a MacIntyrean “narrative approach” to investigating managerial virtue and the idea of “work as a calling.” Specifically, it will be argued that the MacIntyrean‐influenced idea of “work as (...)
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  26.  16
    The Imperative of Responsibility. In Search of an Ethics for the Technological Age.Garrett Hardin & Hans Jonas - 1984 - Hastings Center Report 14 (6):45.
    Book reviewed in this article: The Imperative of Responsibility. In Search of an Ethics for the Technological Age. By Hans Jonas.
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  27.  2
    The Political Dimensions of Aristotle's Ethics.Jan Garrett (ed.) - 1993 - State University of New York Press.
    A study in the best tradition of classical scholarship, showing mastery of commentary and scholarship in eight languages, this book argues that the Ethics is integral to a series of politically oriented philosophical addresses aimed at morally mature political leaders. Bodeus's critical review of the major approaches to Aristotle's texts is an excellent introduction to the subject.
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  28. God and the Nature of Time.Garrett J. DeWeese - 2004 - Routledge.
    The past six decades have seen rising interest in the philosophy of time, driven in large measure by the metaphysical implications of the physical theories of relativity and quantum mechanics. Philosophical theology has only recently begun serious interaction with contemporary metaphysics of time. In particular, the issue of God's temporal mode of being has come under investigation In Part 1, I begin with the metaphysics of time, explicating and defending a causal account of dynamic time. I then consider objections that (...)
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  29. A Roadmap for Artificial General Intelligence: Intelligence, Knowledge, and Consciousness.Garrett Mindt & Carlos Montemayor - 2020 - Mind and Matter 18 (1):9-37.
    We’ve seen a significant increase in the attention AI research is receiving this past decade, in large part due to some of the impressive feats of machine learning, particularly deep learning. This has resulted in something of a hype in the ability of AI’s in tackling various issues. The aim of the current essay is to examine the speculative questions “what would it mean for systems to transition from merely intelligently executing a task to knowledgably executing a task?” and “what (...)
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  30. The Problem with the 'Information' in Integrated Information Theory.Garrett Mindt - 2017 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 24 (7-8):130-154.
    Integrated Information Theory (IIT) of Consciousness is becoming an increasingly popular neuroscientific account of phenomenal experience. IIT claims that consciousness is integrated information in a system. I set this theory against the hard problem of consciousness (Chalmers, 1996, 1995) as the goal for a theory of consciousness to meet. In this essay I look to examine and ultimately critique IIT’s use of the notion of information to base a theory of consciousness. I argue that the notion of information in IIT (...)
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  31.  7
    Thinking How to Live.Garrett Cullity - 2007 - Philosophical Quarterly 57 (227):308-311.
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  32. The Cosmopolitanism Reader.Garrett Wallace Brown & David Held (eds.) - 2010 - Malden, MA: Polity.
    The world is becoming deeply interconnected, whereby actions in one part of the world can have profound repercussions elsewhere. In a world of overlapping communities of fate, there has been a renewed enthusiasm for thinking about what it is that human beings have in common, and to explore the ethical basis of this. This has led to a renewed interest in examining the normative principles that might underpin efforts to resolve global collective action problems and to ameliorate serious global risks. (...)
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  33.  27
    Representation and the Mind-Body Problem in Spinoza.Don Garrett - 1996 - Philosophical and Phenomenological Research 61 (1):223-226.
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  34.  5
    Fichte: Attempt at a Critique of All Revelation.Garrett Green (ed.) - 2009 - Cambridge University Press.
    The Attempt at a Critique of All Revelation was the first published work of Johann Gottlieb Fichte, the founder of the German idealist movement in philosophy. It predated the system of philosophy which Fichte developed during his years in Jena, and for that reason - and possibly also because of its religious orientation - later commentators have tended to overlook the work in their treatments of Fichte's philosophy. It is, however, already representative of the most interesting aspects of Fichte's thought. (...)
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  35. The Explanatory Power of Local Miracle Compatibilism.Garrett Pendergraft - 2011 - Philosophical Studies 156 (2):249-266.
    Local miracle compatibilists claim that we are sometimes able to do otherwise than we actually do, even if causal determinism obtains. When we can do otherwise, it will often be true that if we were to do otherwise, then an actual law of nature would not have been a law of nature. Nevertheless, it is a compatibilist principle that we cannot do anything that would be or cause an event that violates the laws of nature. Carl Ginet challenges this nomological (...)
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  36.  7
    Encyclopedia of empiricism.Don Garrett & Edward Barbanell (eds.) - 1997 - Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press.
    Featuring more than 150 articles by more than 70 leading scholars, this is the first encyclopedia devoted to empiricism. The _Encyclopedia of Empiricism_ serves four main purposes. First, it provides a convenient source for scholars and students seeking information on particular figures, topics, or doctrines, specifically in their relation to empiricism as an historical movement or to empiricism as a broader tendency of thought. Because each entry contains a brief bibliography of primary and secondary sources, it can usefully serve as (...)
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  37.  4
    Aristotle and the Theology of the Living Immortals.Jan Garrett (ed.) - 2000 - State University of New York Press.
    _Argues that Aristotle used the most traditional Greek ideas about the gods to develop and defend his physical, metaphysical, and ethical teachings._.
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  38. No (New) Troubles with Ockhamism.Garrett Pendergraft & D. Justin Coates - 2014 - Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion 5:185-208.
    The Ockhamist claims that our ability to do otherwise is not endangered by God’s foreknowledge because facts about God’s past beliefs regarding future contingents are soft facts about the past—i.e., temporally relational facts that depend in some sense on what happens in the future. But if our freedom, given God’s foreknowledge, requires altering some fact about the past that is clearly a hard fact, then Ockhamism fails even if facts about God’s past beliefs are soft. Recent opponents of Ockhamism, including (...)
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  39.  26
    The notion of computation is fundamental to an autonomous neuroscience.Garrett Neske - 2010 - Complexity 16 (1):10-19.
  40. The Moral Demands of Affluence.Garrett Cullity - 2004 - Oxford, GB: Oxford University Press on Demand.
    Given that there is a forceful case for thinking that the affluent are morally required to devote a substantial proportion of what they have to helping the poor, Garrett Cullity examines, refines and defends an argument of this form. He then identifies its limits.
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  41.  10
    Machine Interpretation of Emotion: Design of a Memory‐Based Expert System for Interpreting Facial Expressions in Terms of Signaled Emotions.Garrett D. Kearney & Sati McKenzie - 1993 - Cognitive Science 17 (4):589-622.
    As a first step in involving user emotion in human‐computer interaction, a memory‐based expert system (JANUS; Kearney, 1991) was designed to interpret facial expression in terms of the signaled emotion. Anticipating that a VDU‐mounted camera will eventually supply face parameters automatically, JANUS now accepts manually made measurements on a digitized full‐face photograph and returns emotion labels used by college students. An intermediate representation in terms of face actions (e.g., mouth open) is also used. Production rules convert the geometry into these. (...)
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  42.  99
    The Laws of Hospitality, Asylum Seekers and Cosmopolitan Right: A Kantian Response to Jacques Derrida.Garrett W. Brown - 2010 - European Journal of Political Theory 9 (3):308-327.
    The purpose of this article is to respond to Jacques Derrida’s reading of Immanuel Kant’s laws of hospitality and to offer a deeper exploration into Kant’s separation of a cosmopolitan right to visit ( Besuchsrecht) and the idea of a universal right to reside ( Gastrecht). Through this discussion, the various laws of hospitality will be examined, extrapolated and outlined, particularly in response to the tensions articulated by Derrida. By doing so, this article will offer a reinterpretation of the laws (...)
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  43.  13
    Scottish Philosophy in the Eighteenth Century, Volume I: Morals, Politics, Art, Religion.Aaron Garrett & James Anthony Harris (eds.) - 2015 - Oxford, GB: Oxford University Press.
    This new history of Scottish philosophy will include two volumes that focus on the Scottish Enlightenment. In this volume a team of leading experts explore the ideas, intellectual context, and influence of Hutcheson, Hume, Smith, Reid, and many other thinkers, frame old issues in fresh ways, and introduce new topics and questions into debates about the philosophy of this remarkable period. The contributors explore the distinctively Scottish context of this philosophical flourishing, and juxtapose the work of canonical philosophers with contemporaries (...)
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  44.  22
    A Self‐Organizing Approach to Subject–Verb Number Agreement.Garrett Smith, Julie Franck & Whitney Tabor - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (S4):1043-1074.
    We present a self-organizing approach to sentence processing that sheds new light on notional plurality effects in agreement attraction, using pseudopartitive subject noun phrases. We first show that notional plurality ratings predict verb agreement choices in pseudopartitives, in line with the “Marking” component of the Marking and Morphing theory of agreement processing. However, no account to date has derived notional plurality values from independently needed principles of language processing. We argue on the basis of new experimental evidence and a dynamical (...)
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  45. Business Ethics: Game Theory.Garrett Pendergraft - 2023 - In Lakshmi B. Nair (ed.), Sage Business Foundations.
    Game theory involves deliberating about what to do in light of what other people are likely to do. One of the central frameworks of game theory is the prisoner’s dilemma, in which participants who make rational choices end up in suboptimal outcomes. Using the prisoner’s dilemma to model competition between firms sets the stage for a new and promising approach to business ethics: the market failures approach.
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  46.  9
    Deus Ludus: The Christocentric Games of Nicholas of Cusa and Blaise Pascal.Garrett Lincoln Ashlock - 2023 - Heythrop Journal 64 (4):489-502.
    Nicholas of Cusa and his daringly speculative theology seem odd matches for Blaise Pascal, the constant critic of the philosophies en vogue during his life. A commonality they share is their mutual concern for the apparent disproportion between the infinite God and the finite human. In this paper, I compare and analyse the shape this question takes in Cusanus's De ludo globi and Pascal's Pensées. Both men observe a sort of ‘ludic’ character inherent to the pursuit of bridging finite and (...)
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  47.  98
    Fundamental Needs.Garrett Thomson - 2005 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 57:175-186.
    The concept of need is promising and alluring because of three factors.
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  48.  3
    Living Within Limits: Ecology, Economics, and Population Taboos.Garrett Hardin - 1995 - Oup Usa.
    This book tackles the problem of overpopulation with an honesty and fearlessness that is unrivalled. Hardin suggests radical approaches to overpopulation and considers the consequences. This book is an intellectual feast that will enrage, disturb, and challenge the reader at every page.
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  49.  14
    The Moral Demands of Affluence.Garrett Cullity - 2005 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 67 (3):598-600.
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  50.  41
    Kant's Cosmopolitanism.Garrett Wallace Brown - 2010 - In Garrett Wallace Brown & David Held (eds.), The Cosmopolitanism Reader. Polity.
    This chapter outlines the basic elements that underwrite Kant's cosmopolitanism. In doing so, the chapter looks at the moral principles behind Kant's cosmopolitanism and the problem of Kant's cosmopolitan teleology, and develops a brief overview of Kant's more coherent principles of cosmopolitan law. It makes a connection between Kant's critical philosophy and the moral foundations of his cosmopolitanism. By framing Kant's overall cosmopolitan vision, this chapter further explores Kant's theory of history and suggests that it is based on a problematic (...)
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