Results for 'Garrett Michael Cullity'

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  1.  51
    Particularism and Moral Theory: Particularism and Presumptive Reasons: Garrett Cullity.Garrett Cullity - 2002 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 76 (1):169–190.
    Weak particularism about reasons is the view that the normative valency of some descriptive considerations varies, while others have an invariant normative valency. A defence of this view needs to respond to arguments that a consideration cannot count in favour of any action unless it counts in favour of every action. But it cannot resort to a global holism about reasons, if it claims that there are some examples of invariant valency. This paper argues for weak particularism, and presents a (...)
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  2.  1
    I—Garrett Cullity: Particularism and Presumptive Reasons.Garrett Cullity - 2002 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 76 (1):169-190.
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  3. Particularism and Moral Theory: Particularism and Presumptive Reasons: Garrett Cullity.Garrett Cullity - 2002 - Supplement to the Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 76 (1):169-190.
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  4.  16
    Acts, Omissions, Emissions.Garrett Cullity - 2015 - In Jeremy Moss (ed.), Climate Change and Justice. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 148-64.
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  5.  51
    The Moral Demands of Affluence.Garrett Cullity - 2004 - Oxford University Press UK.
    How much are we morally required to do to help people who are much worse off than us? On any credible moral outlook, other people's pressing need for assistance can ground moral requirements on us to help them---requirements of beneficence. How far do those requirements extend?One way to think about this is by means of a simple analogy: an analogy between joining in efforts to help people at a distance and rescuing a needy person yourself, directly. Part I of (...) Cullity's book examines this analogy. In some ways, the analogy is not only simple, but politically and metaphysically simplistic. However, it contains an important truth: we are morally required to help other people, indirectly as well as directly. But the number of needy people in the world is enormous, and their need is very great. Once we start to recognize requirements to help them, when is it morally acceptable to stop? Cullity answers this question in Part II. Examining the nature of beneficence, he argues that its requirements only make sense on the assumption that many of the interests we share in common-rich and poor alike-are interests it is not wrong to pursue. (shrink)
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  6.  38
    Particularism and Moral Theory.Garrett Cullity & Richard Holton - 2002 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 76:169-209.
    [Garrett Cullity] Weak particularism about reasons is the view that the normative valency of some descriptive considerations varies, while others have an invariant normative valency. A defence of this view needs to respond to arguments that a consideration cannot count in favour of any action unless it counts in favour of every action. But it cannot resort to a global holism about reasons, if it claims that there are some examples of invariant valency. This paper argues for weak (...)
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  7.  47
    Beneficence.Garrett Cullity - 2007 - In Richard Ashcroft Angus Dawson & Heather Draper John McMillan (eds.), Principles of Health Care Ethics. London: Wiley. pp. 19-26.
  8. Practical Theory.Garrett Cullity - 1997 - In Garrett Cullity & Berys Nigel Gaut (eds.), Ethics and Practical Reason. Oxford University Press. pp. 101--24.
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  9.  12
    Review of Deen K. Chatterjee (Ed.), The Ethics of Assistance: Morality and the Distant Needy[REVIEW]Garrett Cullity - 2005 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2005 (8).
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  10. Particularism and Moral Theory.Garrett Cullity & Richard Holton - 2002 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Supplementary Volumes( 76:169-209.
    [Garrett Cullity] Weak particularism about reasons is the view that the normative valency of some descriptive considerations varies, while others have an invariant normative valency. A defence of this view needs to respond to arguments that a consideration cannot count in favour of any action unless it counts in favour of every action. But it cannot resort to a global holism about reasons, if it claims that there are some examples of invariant valency. This paper argues for weak (...)
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  11.  9
    Demandingness, 'Ought', and Self-Shaping.G. Cullity - 2016 - In Marcel van Ackeren & Michael Kühler (eds.), The Limits of Moral Obligation. Routledge.
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  12.  22
    International Aid and the Scope of Kindness.G. M. Cullity - 1994 - Ethics 105 (1):99-127.
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  13.  26
    International Aid and the Scope of Kindness.G. Cullity - 1994 - Ethics 105 (1):99-127.
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  14.  16
    Welfare and Rational Care. By Stephen Darwall.G. Cullity - unknown
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  15.  4
    Philosophy at the University of Adelaide.C. Mortensen, G. Nerlich, G. Cullity & G. O'Brien - unknown
    Chris Mortensen, Graham Nerlich, Garrett Cullity and Gerard O'Brien.
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  16.  9
    John Broome "Weighing Lives".G. Cullity - unknown
  17.  4
    Deen K Chatterjee. The Ethics of Assistance: Morality and the Distant Needy.G. Cullity - unknown
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  18. Ethics and Practical Reason.Garrett Cullity & Berys Nigel Gaut (eds.) - 1997 - Oxford University Press.
    These thirteen new, specially written essays by a distinguished international line-up of contributors, including some leading contemporary moral philosophers, give a rich and varied view of current work on ethics and practical reason. The three main perspectives on the topic, Kantian, Humean, and Aristotelian, are all well represented. Issues covered include: the connection between reason and motivation; the source of moral reasons and their relation to reasons of self-interest; the relation of practical reason to value, to freedom, to responsibility, and (...)
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  19.  99
    Moral Free Riding.Garrett Cullity - 1995 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 24 (1):3-34.
    This paper presents a moral philosophical account of free riding, specifying the conditions under which failing to pay for nonrival goods is unfair. These conditions do not include the voluntary acceptance of the goods: this controversial claim is supported on the strength of a characterization of the kind of unfairness displayed in paradigm cases of free riding. Thus a "Principle of Fairness" can potentially serve as a foundation for political obligations. The paper also discusses the relation between its moral philosophical (...)
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  20. Decisions, Reasons, and Rationality.Garrett Cullity - 2008 - Ethics 119 (1):57-95.
    What difference do our decisions make to our reasons for action and the rationality of our actions? There are two questions here, and good grounds for answering them differently. However, it still makes sense to discuss them together. By thinking about the relationships that reasons and rationality bear to decisions, we may be able to cast light on the relationship that reasons and rationality bear to each other.
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  21.  18
    Demandingness, "Ought", and Self-Shaping.Cullity Garrett - 2016 - In Marcel van Ackeren Michael Kuhler (ed.), The Limits of Moral Obligation: Moral Demandingness and Ought Implies Can. London: Routledge. pp. 147-62.
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  22.  3
    Alejandra Mancilla, The Right of Necessity: Moral Cosmopolitanism and Global Poverty.Garrett Cullity - 2017 - Ethics 128 (1):260-264.
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  23. International Aid and the Scope of Kindness.Garrett Cullity - 1994 - Ethics 105 (1):99-127.
    This paper argues that it is morally wrong for the affluent not to contribute money or time to famine relief. It begins by endorsing an important methodological line of objection against the most prominent philosophical advocate of this claim, Peter Singer. This objection attacks his strategy of invoking a principle the acceptability of which is apparently based upon its conformity with "intuitive" moral judgements in order to defend a strongly counterintuitive conclusion. However, what follows is an argument for that counterintuitive (...)
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  24.  14
    Neutral and Relative Value.Garrett Cullity - 2015 - In Iwao Hirose Jonas Olson (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Value Theory. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 96-116.
    This chapter examines the distinction that is sometimes drawn between neutral and relative attributions of value. It asks whether a plausible interpretation can be found for claims about relative value; whether an interpretation can be found for claims about neutral value which best captures the thoughts that people express by using this distinction; whether the distinction can be used to produce a satisfactory way of formulating a relative-value consequentialist theory; and whether a theory of that kind is plausible. A positive (...)
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  25. Asking Too Much.Garrett Cullity - 2003 - The Monist 86 (3):402 - 418.
    Most of us think that it can be wrong not to help someone in chronic need — someone whose life you could easily save, say. And many of us find it hard to see how the remoteness of needy people, either physical, social or psychological, should make a difference to this. Maybe it makes a difference to how wrong it is not to help, but it is hard to see how it can make a difference to whether not helping is (...)
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  26.  20
    Introduction.Garrett Cullity & Berys Gaut - 1997 - In Garrett Cullity Berys Gaut (ed.), Ethics and Practical Reason. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 1-27.
  27. The Moral Demands of Affluence.Garrett Cullity - 2005 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 67 (3):598-600.
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  28.  8
    Exceptions in Nonderivative Value.Garrett Cullity - forthcoming - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research.
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  29.  68
    Virtue Ethics, Theory, and Warrant.Garrett Cullity - 1999 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 2 (3):277-294.
    Are there good grounds for thinking that the moral values of action are to be derived from those of character? This virtue ethical claim is sometimes thought of as a kind of normative ethical theory; sometimes as form of opposition to any such theory. However, the best case to be made for it supports neither of these claims. Rather, it leads us to a distinctive view in moral epistemology: the view that my warrant for a particular moral judgement derives from (...)
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  30.  95
    Public Goods and Fairness.Garrett Cullity - 2008 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 86 (1):1 – 21.
    To what extent can we as a community legitimately require individuals to contribute to producing public goods? Most of us think that, at least sometimes, refusing to pay for a public good that you have enjoyed can involve a kind of 'free riding' that makes it wrong. But what is less clear is under exactly which circumstances this is wrong. To work out the answer to that, we need to know why it is wrong. I argue that when free riding (...)
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  31.  53
    Demandingness and Arguments From Presupposition.Garrett Cullity - 2009 - In Timothy Chappell (ed.), The Problem of Moral Demandingness: New Philosophical Essays. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 8-34.
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  32.  24
    As You Were?Garrett Cullity - 2006 - Philosophical Explorations 9 (1):117 – 132.
    What is the significance of empirical work on moral judgement for moral philosophy? Although the more radical conclusions that some writers have attempted to draw from this work are overstated, few areas of moral philosophy can remain unaffected by it. The most important question it raises is in moral epistemology. Given the explanation of our moral experience, how far can we trust it? Responding to this, the view defended here emphasizes the interrelatedness of moral psychology and moral epistemology. On this (...)
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  33.  17
    Describing Rationality.Garrett Cullity - 2016 - Philosophical Studies 173 (12):3399-3411.
    This critical study of John Broome’s Rationality Through Reasoning raises some questions about the various requirements of rationality Broome formulates, pointing out some apparent gaps and counterexamples; proposes a general description of rationality that is broadly consistent with Broome’s requirements while providing them with a unifying justification, filling the gaps, and removing the counterexamples; and presents two objections to the book’s broader argument concerning the nature and importance of reasoning.
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  34.  3
    Exceptions in Nonderivative Value.Garrett Cullity - forthcoming - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research.
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  35.  39
    British Society for Ethical Theory 1998 Conference.Garrett Cullity, Alex Miller, Duncan McFarland, James Griffin, R. Jay Wallace, Iain Law, Ralph Wedgwood, Maggie Little, Nick Zangwill & Elinor Mason - 1998 - Journal of Ethics 2 (189):189-189.
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  36.  1
    Mancilla, Alejandra. The Right of Necessity: Moral Cosmopolitanism and Global Poverty. London: Rowman & Littlefield, 2016. Pp. 140. $90.00 ; $29.95. [REVIEW]Garrett Cullity - 2017 - Ethics 128 (1):260-264.
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  37.  21
    Pooled Beneficence.Garrett Cullity - 2000 - In Michael Almeida (ed.), Imperceptible Harms and Benefits. Dordrecht: Kluwer. pp. 9-42.
    There can be situations in which, if I contribute to a pool of resources for helping a large number of people, the difference that my contribution makes to any of the people helped from the pool will be imperceptible at best, and maybe even non-existent. And this can be the case where it is also true that giving the same amount directly to one of the intended beneficiaries of the pool would have made a very large difference to her. Can (...)
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  38.  35
    Intuitions and the Demands of Consequentialism.Garrett Cullity, Brad Hooker & Tim Mulgan - 2011 - Utilitas 23 (1).
  39.  25
    Agency and Policy.Garrett Cullity & Philip Gerrans - 2004 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 104 (3):315–325.
    The definitive version is available at www.blackwell-synergy.com.
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  40.  33
    The Context-Undermining of Practical Reasons.Garrett Cullity - 2013 - Ethics 124 (1):8-34.
    Can one fact deprive another of the status of a reason for action—a status the second fact would have had, but for the presence of the first? Claims of this kind are often made, but they face substantial obstacles. This article sets out those obstacles but then argues that there are at least three different ways in which this does happen.
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  41.  66
    Pyrrhic Pyrrhonism. [REVIEW]Garrett Cullity - 2008 - Philosophical Quarterly 58 (233):720-731.
    Journal compilation © 20098 The Editors of The Philosophical Quarterly.
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  42.  51
    Moral Character and the Iteration Problem.Garrett Cullity - 1995 - Utilitas 7 (2):289.
    Moral evaluation is concerned with the attribution of values whose distinction into two broad groups has become familiar. On the one hand, there are the most general moral values of lightness, wrongness, goodness, badness, and what ought to be or to be done. On the other, there is a great diversity of more specific moral values which these objects can have: of being a theft, for instance, or a thief; of honesty, reliability or callousness. Within the recent body of work (...)
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  43.  15
    A Distinction in Value: Intrinsic and for its Own Sake1.Krister Bykvist, Garrett Cullity, Åsa Carlson, Johan Brännmark, Klemens Kappel, Ulrik Kihlbom, Ian Law, Hans Mathlein, Derek Parfit & Ingmar Persson - 2005 - In Toni Rønnow-Rasmussen & Michael J. Zimmerman (eds.), Recent Work on Intrinsic Value. Springer. pp. 115.
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  44. Ethics and Practical Reason.Garrett Cullity & Berys Gaut - 1999 - Mind 108 (431):570-575.
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  45.  34
    A Theory of Virtue: Excellence in Being for the Good.Garrett Cullity - 2008 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 86 (4):695 – 696.
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  46.  8
    Compromised Humanitarianism.Garrett Cullity - 2010 - In Keith Horton Chris Roche (ed.), Ethical Questions and International NGOs: An Exchange between Philosophers and NGOs. Dordrecht: Springer. pp. 157-73.
    The circumstances that create the need for humanitarian action are rarely morally neutral. The extremes of deprivation and want that demand a humanitarian response are often themselves directly caused by acts of war, persecution or misgovernment. And even when the direct causes lie elsewhere—when suffering and loss are caused by natural disaster, endemic disease or poverty of natural resources—the explanations of why some people are afflicted, and not others, are not morally neutral. It is those without economic or political power (...)
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  47.  21
    Book Reviews:Ethics Done Right: Practical Reasoning as a Foundation for Moral Theory. [REVIEW]Garrett Cullity - 2009 - Ethics 119 (3):581-585.
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  48.  17
    Aretaic Cognitivism.Garrett Cullity - 1995 - American Philosophical Quarterly 32 (4):395 - 406.
    This paper defends the claim that there is deontic knowledge - knowledge of rightness and wrongness - which can be inferred from aretaic knowledge - knowledge of the possession of virtue-attributes. In doing so, it seeks to address two forceful objections, identified at the outset. The first is that the only way of making the claim appear plausible is by assuming a practice of virtue-ascription which actually makes the reverse inference. The second objection is that there is that "aretaic cognitivism" (...)
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  49.  17
    Beneficence, Rights and Citizenship.Garrett Cullity - 2003 - Australian Journal of Human Rights 9:85-105.
    What are we morally required to do for strangers? To answer this question – a question about the scope of requirements to aid strangers – we must first answer a question about justification: why are we required to aid them (when we are)? The main paper focuses largely on answering the question about justification, but does so in order to arrive at an answer to the question about scope. Three main issues are discussed. First, to what extent should requirements of (...)
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  50.  13
    Review of 'What's Wrong With Benevolence: Happiness, Private Property, and the Limits of Enlightenment', by David Stove, Edited by Andrew Irvine. [REVIEW]Garrett Cullity - 2013 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 91 (1):206 - 208.
    Australasian Journal of Philosophy, Volume 0, Issue 0, Page 1-3, Ahead of Print.
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