Results for 'Garrett Mindt'

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Garrett Mindt
Central European University
  1.  45
    The Problem with the 'Information' in Integrated Information Theory.Garrett Mindt - 2017 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 24 (7-8):130-154.
    Integrated Information Theory (IIT) of Consciousness is becoming an increasingly popular neuroscientific account of phenomenal experience. IIT claims that consciousness is integrated information in a system. I set this theory against the hard problem of consciousness (Chalmers, 1996, 1995) as the goal for a theory of consciousness to meet. In this essay I look to examine and ultimately critique IIT’s use of the notion of information to base a theory of consciousness. I argue that the notion of information in IIT (...)
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  2.  13
    Intervening on the Causal Exclusion Problem for Integrated Information Theory.Matthew Baxendale & Garrett Mindt - 2018 - Minds and Machines 28 (2):331-351.
    In this paper, we examine the causal framework within which integrated information theory of consciousness makes it claims. We argue that, in its current formulation, IIT is threatened by the causal exclusion problem. Some proponents of IIT have attempted to thwart the causal exclusion problem by arguing that IIT has the resources to demonstrate genuine causal emergence at macro scales. In contrast, we argue that their proposed solution to the problem is damagingly circular as a result of inter-defining information and (...)
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  3. Cognition and Commitment in Hume's Philosophy.Don Garrett - 1997 - Oxford University Press.
    It is widely believed that Hume often wrote carelessly and contradicted himself, and that no unified, sound philosophy emerges from his writings. Don Garrett demonstrates that such criticisms of Hume are without basis. Offering fresh and trenchant solutions to longstanding problems in Hume studies, Garrett's penetrating analysis also makes clear the continuing relevance of Hume's philosophy.
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  4. Hume.Don Garrett - 2014 - Routledge.
    Beginning with an overview of Hume's life and work, Don Garrett introduces in clear and accessible style the central aspects of Hume's thought. These include Hume's lifelong exploration of the human mind; his theories of inductive inference and causation; skepticism and personal identity; moral and political philosophy; aesthetics; and philosophy of religion. The final chapter considers the influence and legacy of Hume's thought today. Throughout, Garrett draws on and explains many of Hume's central works, including his Treatise of (...)
     
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  5. Personal Identity and Self-Consciousness.Brian Garrett - 1998 - Routledge.
    _Personal Identity and Self-Consciousness_ is about persons and personal identity. What are we? And why does personal identity matter? Brian Garrett, using jargon-free language, addresses questions in the metaphysics of personal identity, questions in value theory, and discusses questions about the first person singular. Brian Garrett makes an important contribution to the philosophy of personal identity and mind, and to epistemology.
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  6.  31
    Meaning in Spinoza's Method.Aaron V. Garrett - 2004 - Cambridge University Press.
    Readers of Spinoza's philosophy have often been daunted, and sometimes been enchanted, by the geometrical method which he employs in his philosophical masterpiece the Ethics. In Meaning in Spinoza's Method Aaron Garrett examines this method and suggests that its purpose, in Spinoza's view, was not just to present claims and propositions but also in some sense to change the readers and allow them to look at themselves and the world in a different way. His discussion draws not only on (...)
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  7.  53
    Political Leadership and the Problem of "Dirty Hands".Stephen A. Garrett - 1994 - Ethics and International Affairs 8 (1):159–175.
    Garrett assesses the morality of leaders' political choices. Does the nature of leadership force us to tolerate or even accept marginally moral acts? Do acts considered unethical in one's private life become ethical when performed by a public servant for the good of the public?
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  8.  67
    Animal Rights and Souls in the Eighteenth Century.Aaron Garrett, Richard Dean, Humphrey Primatt, John Oswald & Thomas Young (eds.) - 1713 - Thoemmes Press.
    The publication of 'Animal Rights and Souls in the 18th Century' will be welcomed by everyone interested in the development of the modern animal liberation movement, as well as by those who simply want to savour the work of enlightenment thinkers pushing back the boundaries of both science and ethics. At last these long out-of-print texts are again available to be read and enjoyed - and what texts they are! Gems like Bougeant's witty reductio of the Christian view of animals (...)
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  9. Entertaining Judgment: The Afterlife in Popular Imagination.Greg Garrett - 2015 - Oxford University Press USA.
    Nowadays references to the afterlife-angels strumming harps, demons brandishing pitchforks, God enthroned on heavenly clouds-are more often encountered in New Yorker cartoons than in serious Christian theological reflection. Speculation about death and its sequel seems to embarrass many theologians; however, as Greg Garrett shows in Entertaining Judgment, popular culture in the U.S. has found rich ground for creative expression in the search for answers to the question: What lies in store for us after we die?The lyrics of Madonna, Los (...)
     
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  10. The Routledge Companion to Eighteenth Century Philosophy.Aaron Garrett (ed.) - 2014 - Routledge.
    The Eighteenth century is one of the most important periods in the history of Western philosophy, witnessing philosophical, scientific, and social and political change on a vast scale. In spite of this, there are few single volume overviews of the philosophy of the period as a whole. _The Routledge Companion to Eighteenth Century Philosophy _is an authoritative survey and assessment of this momentous period, covering major thinkers, topics and movements in Eighteenth century philosophy. Beginning with a substantial introduction by Aaron (...)
     
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  11. What is This Thing Called Metaphysics?Brian Garrett - 2006 - Routledge.
    Why is there something rather than nothing? Does God exist? Does time flow? What are we? Do we have free will? What is truth? Metaphysics is concerned with ourselves and reality, and the most fundamental questions regarding existence. This clear and accessible introduction covers the central topics in metaphysics in a concise but comprehensive way. Brian Garrett discusses the crucial concepts in a highly readable manner, easing the reader in with a look at some important philosophical problems. He addresses (...)
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  12.  8
    Collectivizing Rescue Obligations in Bioethics.Jeremy R. Garrett - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (2):3-11.
    Bioethicists invoke a duty to rescue in a wide range of cases. Indeed, arguably, there exists an entire medical paradigm whereby vast numbers of medical encounters are treated as rescue cases. The intuitive power of the rescue paradigm is considerable, but much of this power stems from the problematic way that rescue cases are conceptualized—namely, as random, unanticipated, unavoidable, interpersonal events for which context is irrelevant and beneficence is the paramount value. In this article, I critique the basic assumptions of (...)
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  13.  87
    Difficult Times for Humean Identity? [REVIEW]Don Garrett - 2009 - Philosophical Studies 146 (3):435 - 443.
  14.  46
    Forming Beliefs: Why Valence Matters.Tali Sharot & Neil Garrett - 2016 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 20 (1):25-33.
  15. Reasons to Act and Believe: Naturalism and Rational Justification in Hume’s Philosophical Project.Don Garrett - 2007 - Philosophical Studies 132 (1):1-16.
    Is Hume a naturalist? Does he regard all or nearly all beliefs and actions as rationally unjustified? In order to settle these questions, it is necessary to examine their key terms and to understand the character-especially the normative character-of Hume's philosophical project. This paper argues that Hume is a naturalist-and, in particular, both a moral and an epistemic naturalist-in quite robust ways; and that Hume can properly regard many actions and beliefs as "rationally justified" in several different senses of that (...)
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  16.  12
    Resolving Ambiguity: Effects of Biasing Context in the Unattended Ear.J. R. Lackner & M. F. Garrett - 1972 - Cognition 1 (4):359-372.
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  17.  59
    What's True About Hume's 'True Religion'?Don Garrett - 2012 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 10 (2):199-220.
    Despite his well-known criticisms of popular religion, Hume refers in seemingly complimentary terms to ‘true religion’; in Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion, his character Philo goes so far as to express ‘veneration for’ it. This paper addresses three questions. First, did Hume himself really approve of something that he called ‘true religion’? Second, what did he mean by calling it ‘true’? Third, what did he take it to be? By appeal to some of his key doctrines about causation and probability, and (...)
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  18.  9
    A Framework for Analyzing the Ethics of Disclosing Genetic Research Findings.Lisa Eckstein, Jeremy R. Garrett & Benjamin E. Berkman - 2014 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 42 (2):190-207.
    Over the past decade, there has been an extensive debate about whether researchers have an obligation to disclose genetic research findings, including primary and secondary findings. There appears to be an emerging (but disputed) view that researchers have some obligation to disclose some genetic findings to some research participants. The contours of this obligation, however, remain unclear. -/- As this paper will explore, much of this confusion is definitional or conceptual in nature. The extent of a researcher’s obligation to return (...)
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  19. On Behalf of Gaunilo.B. Garrett - 2013 - Analysis 73 (3):481-482.
    In this discussion note, I defend Gaunilo's famous parody of Anselm's Ontological Argument for God's existence against a well-known objection due to Alvin Plantinga.
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  20.  4
    Disorders of Lexical Selection.Merrill Garrett - 1992 - Cognition 42 (1-3):143-180.
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  21. Cognition and Commitment in Hume's Philosophy.Don Garrett - 2001 - Philosophical and Phenomenological Research 62 (1):191-196.
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  22. Value Conflict in a Skinnerian Analysis.Richard Garrett - 1979 - Behavior and Philosophy 7 (1):9.
  23. Business Ethics.Thomas M. Garrett - 1966 - New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts.
     
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  24.  2
    Objects of Psycholinguistic Enquiry.M. F. Garrett - 1981 - Cognition 10 (1-3):97-101.
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  25. Hume's Naturalistic Theory of Representation.Don Garrett - 2006 - Synthese 152 (3):301-319.
    Hume is a naturalist in many different respects and about many different topics; this paper argues that he is also a naturalist about intentionality and representation. It does so in the course of answering four questions about his theory of mental representation: (1) Which perceptions represent? (2) What can perceptions represent? (3) Why do perceptions represent at all? (4) Howdo perceptions represent what they do? It appears that, for Hume, all perceptions except passions can represent; and they can represent bodies, (...)
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  26. Spinoza's Conatus Argument.Don Garrett - 2002 - In Olli Koistinen & J. I. Biro (eds.), Spinoza: Metaphysical Themes. Oxford University Press. pp. 127--58.
     
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  27. Representation and Consciousness in Spinoza's Naturalistic Theory of the Imagination.Don Garrett - 2008 - In Charles Huenemann (ed.), Interpreting Spinoza: Critical Essays. Cambridge University Press. pp. 4--25.
  28.  20
    Ways of Knowing: Realism, Non-Realism, Nominalism and a Typology Revisited with a Counter Perspective for Nursing Science.Bernard M. Garrett & Roger L. Cutting - 2015 - Nursing Inquiry 22 (2):95-105.
  29.  3
    Linking Broad Consent to Biobank Governance: Support From a Deliberative Public Engagement in California.Sarah B. Garrett, Daniel Dohan & Barbara A. Koenig - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (9):56-57.
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  30.  3
    New Sophistry: Self-Deception in the Nursing Academy.Bernard M. Garrett - 2016 - Nursing Philosophy 17 (3):182-193.
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  31. The Cambridge Companion to Spinoza.Don Garrett (ed.) - 1995 - Cambridge University Press.
    Benedict de Spinoza has been one of the most inspiring and influential philosophers of the modern era, yet also one of the most difficult and most frequently misunderstood. Spinoza sought to unify mind and body, science and religion, and to derive an ethics of reason, virtue, and freedom 'in geometrical order' from a monistic metaphysics. Of all the philosophical systems of the seventeenth century it is his that speaks most deeply to the twentieth century. The essays in this volume provide (...)
     
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  32.  61
    Teleology in Spinoza and Early Modern Rationalism.Don Garrett - 1999 - In Gennaro Rocco & Huenemann Charles (eds.), New Essays on the Rationalists. Oxford University Press. pp. 310--36.
  33.  30
    Against Definitions.J. A. Fodor, M. F. Garrett, E. C. T. Walker & C. H. Parkes - 1980 - Cognition 8 (3):263-367.
  34. Francis Hutcheson and the Origin of Animal Rights.Aaron Garrett - 2007 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 45 (2):243-265.
    "Animal right" is an important political and philosophical concept that has its roots in the work of Francis Hutcheson. Developing ideas derived from his natural-law predecessors, Hutcheson stressed the category of acquired or adventitious right to explain how animals might gain rights through becoming members of a community guided by a moral sense. This theoretical innovation had consequences not just for animals, but for making sense of how all of the formerly rightless might gain rights. Examining Hutcheson's development of an (...)
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  35.  3
    Reframing the Ethical Debate Regarding Incidental Findings in Genetic Research.Jeremy R. Garrett - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (2):44-46.
  36. Spinoza on the Essence of the Human Body and the Part of the Mind That is Eternal.Don Garrett - 2009 - In Olli Koistinen (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Spinoza's Ethics. Cambridge University Press.
  37. The Cambridge Companion to Spinoza’s Ethics.Don Garrett - 2009 - Cambridge University Press.
     
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  38.  51
    The Effectiveness of Corporate Communicative Responses to Accusations of Unethical Behavior.Jeffrey L. Bradford & Dennis E. Garrett - 1995 - Journal of Business Ethics 14 (11):875 - 892.
    When corporations are accused of unethical behaviour by external actors, executives from those organizations are usually compelled to offer communicative responses to defend their corporate image. To demonstrate the effect that corporate executives'' communicative responses have on third parties'' perception of corporate image, we present the Corporate Communicative Response Model in this paper. Of the five potential communicative responses contained in this model (no response, denial, excuse, justification, and concession), results from our empirical test demonstrate that a concession is the (...)
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  39.  11
    Hume's Conclusions in “Conclusion of This Book”.Don Garrett - 2006 - In Saul Traiger (ed.), The Blackwell Guide to Hume's Treatise. Blackwell. pp. 151--175.
  40.  83
    Utilitarianism, Vegetarianism, and Human Health: A Response to the Causal Impotence Objection.Jeremy R. Garrett - 2007 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 24 (3):223–237.
  41. The Ethics of Animal Research: Exploring the Controversy.Jeremy Garrett (ed.) - forthcoming - MIT Press.
  42.  80
    What the History of Vitalism Teaches Us About Consciousness and the "Hard Problem".Brian Jonathan Garrett - 2006 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 72 (3):576-588.
    Daniel Dennett has claimed that if Chalmers' argument for the irreducibility of consciousness were to succeed, an analogous argument would establish the truth of Vitalism. Chalmers denies that there is such an analogy. I argue that the analogy does have merit and that skepticism is called for.
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  43. Vague Identity and Vague Objects.Brian Garrett - 1991 - Noûs 25 (3):341-351.
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  44. Vagueness and Identity.B. J. Garrett - 1988 - Analysis 48 (3):130 - 134.
    The thesis that there can be vague objects is the thesis that there can be identity statements which are indeterminate in truth-value (i.e., neither true nor false) as a result of vagueness (as opposed, e.g., to reference-failure), "the singular terms of which do not have their references fixed by vague descriptive means". (if this is "not" what is meant by the thesis that there can be vague objects, it is not clear what "is" meant by it.) the possibility of vague (...)
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  45.  20
    Subject-Verb Agreement in Spanish and English: Differences in the Role of Conceptual Constraints.Gabriella Vigliocco, Brian Butterworth & Merrill F. Garrett - 1996 - Cognition 61 (3):261-298.
  46.  46
    Knowing the Essence of the State in Spinoza's Tractatus Theologico-Politicus.Aaron Garrett - 2012 - European Journal of Philosophy 20 (1):50-73.
    This paper argues that Spinoza's main political writings are concerned, in part, with knowledge of essences as detailed in the Ethics. It is further argued that knowledge of the essences of states, and essential properties that belong to states, may be an example of the elusive scientia intuitiva or third kind of knowledge. The paper concludes by considering Spinoza's goals in his political writings and the importance of metaphysics and the theory of knowledge more broadly for early modern political philosophers.
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  47.  15
    Agents, Knowledge and Backwards Causation.Brian Garrett - 2018 - Analysis 78 (2):285-285.
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  48.  52
    Black on Backwards Causation.Brian Garrett - 2014 - Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 3 (3):230-233.
    In this discussion paper I argue that Max Black's well-known bilking argument does not succeed in showing the impossibility of backwards causation.
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  49.  15
    A Study of the Attitudes Towards Unethical Selling Amongst Chinese Salespeople.Nick Lee, Amanda Beatson, Tony C. Garrett, Ian Lings & Xi Zhang - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 88 (S3):497-515.
    The latter part of the twentieth century saw the Chinese economy moving towards a socialist market economy rather than a planned system. Despite growing interest in Chinese business ethics, little work has examined ethical issues concerning the Chinese sales force. This study draws from existing work on Chinese and Western business and sales ethics to develop hypotheses regarding the perceptions of unethical selling behaviour of modern Chinese salespeople. A survey of Chinese sales executives is conducted and statistically analysed. Results are (...)
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  50.  30
    Pluralism, Causation, and Overdetermination.Brian J. Garrett - 1998 - Synthese 116 (3):355-78.
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