Results for 'Gary E. Marchant'

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  1.  76
    Risk Management Principles for Nanotechnology.Gary E. Marchant, Douglas J. Sylvester & Kenneth W. Abbott - 2008 - NanoEthics 2 (1):43-60.
    Risk management of nanotechnology is challenged by the enormous uncertainties about the risks, benefits, properties, and future direction of nanotechnology applications. Because of these uncertainties, traditional risk management principles such as acceptable risk, cost–benefit analysis, and feasibility are unworkable, as is the newest risk management principle, the precautionary principle. Yet, simply waiting for these uncertainties to be resolved before undertaking risk management efforts would not be prudent, in part because of the growing public concerns about nanotechnology driven by risk perception (...)
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  2.  20
    Transnational Models for Regulation of Nanotechnology.Gary E. Marchant & Douglas J. Sylvester - 2006 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 34 (4):714-725.
    Like all technologies, nanotechnology will inevitably present risks, whether they result from unintentional effects of otherwise beneficial applications, or from the malevolent misuse of technology. Increasingly, risks from new and emerging technologies are being regulated at the international level, although governments and private experts are only beginning to consider the appropriate international responses to nanotechnology. In this paper, we explore both the potential risks posed by nanotechnology and potential regulatory frameworks that law may impose. In so doing, we also explore (...)
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  3.  7
    Transnational Models for Regulation of Nanotechnology.Gary E. Marchant & Douglas J. Sylvester - 2006 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 34 (4):714-725.
    There is much we do not know about nanotechnology. Despite its tremendous promise, nanotechnology today is mostly forecast and fervent hope. Predictions that spending on nanotechnology will increase from current levels of $13 billion to more than $1 trillion by 2015 are no more than that – simply predictions. Hopes that nanotechnology will be an essential part of solving the globe's energy, food, and water problems should be tempered by recalling a century of revolutionary technologies that failed to live up (...)
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  4.  54
    The Problems with Forbidding Science.Gary E. Marchant & Lynda L. Pope - 2009 - Science and Engineering Ethics 15 (3):375-394.
    Scientific research is subject to a number of regulations which impose incidental (time, place), rather than substantive (type of research), restrictions on scientific research and the knowledge created through such research. In recent years, however, the premise that scientific research and knowledge should be free from substantive regulation has increasingly been called into question. Some have suggested that the law should be used as a tool to substantively restrict research which is dual-use in nature or which raises moral objections. There (...)
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  5.  17
    What Does the History of Technology Regulation Teach Us About Nano Oversight?Gary E. Marchant, Douglas J. Sylvester & Kenneth W. Abbott - 2009 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 37 (4):724-731.
    As policy makers struggle to develop regulatory oversight models for nanotechnologies, there are important lessons that can be drawn from previous attempts to govern other emerging technologies. Five such lessons are the following: public confidence and trust in a technology and its regulatory oversight is probably the most important factor for the commercial success of a technology; regulation should avoid discriminating against particular technologies unless there is a scientifically based rationale for the disparate treatment; regulatory systems need to be flexible (...)
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  6.  13
    What Does the History of Technology Regulation Teach Us About Nano Oversight?Gary E. Marchant, Douglas J. Sylvester & Kenneth W. Abbott - 2009 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 37 (4):724-731.
    Nanotechnology is the latest in a growing list of emerging technologies that includes nuclear technologies, genetics, reproductive biology, biotechnology, information technology, robotics, communication technologies, surveillance technologies, synthetic biology, and neuroscience. As was the case for many of the technologies that came before, a key question facing nanotechnology is what type of regulatory oversight is appropriate for this emerging technology. As two of us wrote several years ago, the question facing nanotechnology is not whether it will be regulated, but when and (...)
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  7.  6
    Contrasting Medical and Legal Standards of Evidence: A Precision Medicine Case Study.Gary E. Marchant, Kathryn Scheckel & Doug Campos-Outcalt - 2016 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 44 (1):194-204.
    As the health care system transitions to a precision medicine approach that tailors clinical care to the genetic profile of the individual patient, there is a potential tension between the clinical uptake of new technologies by providers and the legal system's expectation of the standard of care in applying such technologies. We examine this tension by comparing the type of evidence that physicians and courts are likely to rely on in determining a duty to recommend pharmacogenetic testing of patients prescribed (...)
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  8.  26
    Prudent Precaution in Clinical Trials of Nanomedicines.Gary E. Marchant & Rachel A. Lindor - 2012 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 40 (4):831-840.
    Clinical trials of nanotechnology medical products present complex risk management challenges that involve many uncertainties and important risk-risk trade-offs. This paper inquires whether the precautionary principle can help to inform risk management approaches to nanomedicine clinical trials. It concludes that prudent precaution may be appropriate for ensuring the safety of such trials, but that the precautionary principle itself, especially in its more extreme forms, does not provide useful guidance for specific safety measures.
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  9.  12
    Involuntary Exposures to Love-Enhancing or Anti-Love Agents.Gary E. Marchant & Yvonne A. Stevens - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (11):26-27.
  10.  10
    Prudent Precaution in Clinical Trials of Nanomedicines.Gary E. Marchant & Rachel A. Lindor - 2012 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 40 (4):831-840.
    Medical technologies, including nanomedicine products, are intended to improve health but in many cases may also create their own health risks. Medical products that create their own health risks differ from most other risk-creating technologies in that the very purpose of the medical technology is to prevent or treat health risks. This paradox of technologies intended to reduce existing risks that may have the effect of creating new risks has two conflicting implications. On one hand, we may be more tolerant (...)
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  11.  10
    Editors' Overview: Forbidding Science? [REVIEW]Gary E. Marchant & Stephanie J. Bird - 2009 - Science and Engineering Ethics 15 (3):263-269.
  12.  65
    Personhood, Ethics, and Animal Cognition: Situating Animals in Hare's Two Level Utilitarianism.Gary E. Varner - 2012 - Oup Usa.
    Drawing heavily on recent empirical research to update R.M. Hare's two-level utilitarianism and expand Hare's treatment of "intuitive level rules," Gary Varner considers in detail the theory's application to animals while arguing that Hare should have recognized a hierarchy of persons, near-persons, & the merely sentient.
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  13. Varner, Gary E. "Do Species Have Standing?" Environmental Ethics 9 (1987): Pp. 57-72.Gary Varner - manuscript
    In his recent article Should Trees Have Standing? Revisited" Christopher D. Stone has effectively withdrawn his proposal that natural objects be granted legal rights, in response to criticism from the Feinberg/McCloskey camp. Stone now favors a weaker proposal that natural objects be granted what he calls legal "considerateness". I argue that Stone's retreat is both unnecessary and undesirable. I develop the notion of a "de facto" legal right and argue that species already have de facto legal rights as statutory beneficiaries (...)
     
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  14.  71
    In Defense of the Vegan Ideal: Rhetoric and Bias in the Nutrition Literature. [REVIEW]Gary E. Varner - 1994 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 7 (1):29-40.
    Much of the scientific literature on vegetarian nutrition leaves one with the impression that vegan diets are significantly more risky than omnivorous ones, especially for individuals with high metabolic demands (such as pregnant or lactating women and children). But nutrition researchers have tended to skew their study populations toward new vegetarians, members of religious sects with especially restrictive diets and tendencies to eschew fortified foods and medical care, and these are arguably the last people we would expect to thrive on (...)
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  15.  5
    Gravitoinertial Force Versus the Direction of Balance in the Perception and Control of Orientation.Gary E. Riccio & Thomas A. Stoffregen - 1990 - Psychological Review 97 (1):135-137.
  16.  42
    No Holism Without Pluralism.Gary E. Varner - 1991 - Environmental Ethics 13 (2):175-179.
    In his recent essay on moral pluralism in environmental ethics, J. Baird Callicott exaggerates the advantages of monism, ignoring the environmentally unsound implications of Leopold’s holism. In addition, he fails to see that Leopold’s view requires the same kind of intellectual schitzophrenia for which he criticizes the version of moral pluralism advocated by Christopher D. Stone in Earth and Other Ethics. If itis plausible to say that holistic entities like ecosystems are directly morally considerable-and that is a very big if-it (...)
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  17.  89
    Biological Functions and Biological Interests.Gary E. Varner - 1990 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 28 (2):251-270.
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  18.  58
    E-Z Reader 7 Provides a Platform for Explaining How Low- and High-Level Linguistic Processes Influence Eye Movements.Gary E. Raney - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (4):498-499.
    E-Z Reader 7 is a processing model of eye-movement control. One constraint imposed on the model is that high-level cognitive processes do not influence eye movements unless normal reading processes are disturbed. I suggest that this constraint is unnecessary, and that the model provides a sensible architecture for explaining how both low- and high-level processes influence eye movements.
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  19.  26
    The Prospects for Consensus and Convergence in the Animal Rights Debate.Gary E. Varner - 1994 - Hastings Center Report 24 (1):24-28.
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  20. Consciousness and Self-Regulation.Gary E. Schwartz & D. H. Shapiro (eds.) - 1976 - Plenum.
  21.  22
    On the Classical Limit in Bohm’s Theory.Gary E. Bowman - 2005 - Foundations of Physics 35 (4):605-625.
    The standard means of seeking the classical limit in Bohmian mechanics is through the imposition of vanishing quantum force and quantum potential for pure states. We argue that this approach fails, and that the Bohmian classical limit can be realized only by combining narrow wave packets, mixed states, and environmental decoherence.
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  22. What's Wrong with Animalby-Products?Gary E. Varner - 1994 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 7 (1):7-17.
    Without looking beyond the conditions under which laying hens typically live in the contemporary U.S. egg industry, we can understand why the production and consumption of factory farmed eggs could be judged immoral. However, the question, What (if anything) is wrong with animal by-products? cannot always be adequately answered by looking at the conditions under which animals live out their productive lives. For the dairy industry looks benign in those terms, but if we look beyond the conditions under which milk (...)
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  23.  76
    Lying and Intentions.Gary E. Jones - 1986 - Journal of Business Ethics 5 (4):347-349.
    In this essay I criticize recent attempts to prove that the concept of lying does not include the intent to deceive. I argue that examples by Isenberg and Carson fail to prove that one can lie without intending to deceive and, furthermore, that untoward consequences would follow if these authors were correct. I conclude that since intending to deceive is indeed a necessary condition of lying, the class of statements that constitute lies is smaller than what Isenberg et al. would (...)
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  24.  23
    Is Mystical Experience Everywhere the Same?Gary E. Kessler & Norman Prigge - 1982 - Sophia 21 (1):39-55.
  25. Rejoinder to Kathryn Paxton George.Gary E. Varner - 1994 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 7 (1):83-86.
    In Use and Abuse Revisited: Response to Pluhar and Varner, Kathryn Paxton George misunderstands the point of my essay, In Defense of the Vegan Ideal: Rhetoric and Bias in the Nutrition Literature. I did not claim that the nutrition literature unambiguously confirms that vegans are not at significantly greater risk of deficiencies than omnivores. Rather than settling any empirical controversy, my aim was to show how the literature can give the casual reader a skewed impression of what is known about (...)
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  26.  57
    The Imperative of Organizational Harmony: A Critique of Contemporary Human Relations Theory. [REVIEW]Gary E. Overvold - 1987 - Journal of Business Ethics 6 (7):559 - 565.
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  27.  31
    The Right to Health Care and the State.Gary E. Jones - 1983 - Philosophical Quarterly 33 (132):279-287.
  28.  19
    Pragmatic Bodies Versus Transcendental Egos.Gary E. Kessler - 1978 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 14 (2):101 - 119.
  29.  5
    An Ecological Theory of Orientation and the Vestibular System.Thomas A. Stoffregen & Gary E. Riccio - 1988 - Psychological Review 95 (1):3-14.
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  30.  19
    Trust Among Internet Traders: A Behavioral Economics Approach.Gary E. Bolton, Elena Katok & Axel Ockenfels - 2004 - Analyse & Kritik 26 (1):185-202.
    Standard economic theory does not capture trust among anonymous Internet traders. But when traders are allowed to have social preferences, uncertainty about a seller's morals opens the door for trust, reward, exploitation and reputation building. We report experiments suggesting that sellers' intrinsic motivations to be trustworthy are not sufficient to sustain trade when not complemented by a feedback system. We demonstrate that it is the interaction of social preferences and cleverly designed reputation mechanisms that solves to a large extent the (...)
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  31. Feedback in Music Performance Teaching.Gary E. McPherson, Jennifer Blackwell & John Hattie - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    The purpose of this article is to provide one prominent perspective from the research literature on a conception of feedback in educational psychology as proposed by John Hattie and colleagues, and to then adapt these concepts to develop a framework that can be applied in music performance teaching at a variety of levels. The article confronts what we see as a lack of understanding about the importance of this topic in music education and provides suggestions that will help music teachers (...)
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  32.  3
    A Neglected Argument.Gary E. Kessler - 1998 - The Paideia Archive: Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy 36:110-118.
    Charles S. Peirce sketches "a nest of three arguments for the Reality of God" in his article "A Neglected Argument for the Reality of God." I provide careful analysis and explication of Peirce's argument, along with consideration of some objections. I argue that there are significant differences between Peirce's neglected argument and the traditional arguments for God's existence; Peirce's analysis of the neglected argument into three arguments is misleading; there are two distinct levels of argument that Peirce does not recognize; (...)
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  33.  34
    The Animal Rights/Environmental Ethics Debate: The Environmental Perspective.Gary E. Varner - 1993 - Environmental Ethics 15 (3):279-282.
  34.  10
    A Philosopher's Fortune: Husserl's Fate as Object Lesson.Gary E. Overvold - 2001 - Idealistic Studies 31 (2/3):135-148.
    Edmund Husserl's historical importance is marked by a curious conjunction. He is easily among the most influential philosophers of the twentieth century and yet no one has taken up his view. The first of these has received a monumental amount of consideration, the second virtually none. But the second, in its own way, is at least equally remarkable. In this essay I will consider why his view of philosophy found no subscribers and what we might make of this legacy of (...)
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  35.  7
    Editor's Preface.Gary E. Overvold - 2015 - Idealistic Studies 45 (2):5-5.
  36. Einstein and Mysticism.Gary E. Bowman - 2014 - Zygon 49 (2):281-307.
    Albert Einstein deliberately and repeatedly expressed his general religious views. But what were his views of mysticism? His statements on the subject were few, relatively obscure, and often misunderstood. A coherent answer requires setting those statements in historical, cultural, and theological context, as well as examining Einstein's philosophical and religious views. Though the Einstein that emerges clearly rejected supernatural mysticism, his views of “essential” mysticism were—though largely implicit—more nuanced, more subtle, and ultimately more sympathetic than “mere appearance” suggests.
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  37.  24
    Gary E. Weir. An Ocean in Common: American Naval Officers, Scientists, and the Ocean Environment. Xx + 404 Pp., Illus., Bibl., Index. College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 2001. $44.95. [REVIEW]Eric L. Mills - 2002 - Isis 93 (2):332-332.
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  38.  11
    Overtapped Oasis: Reform or Revolution for Western Water.Gary E. Varner - 1992 - Environmental Ethics 14 (1):93-94.
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  39. Comments on Don Werkheiser's Address.Gary E. Kessler - 1972 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 53 (3):238.
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  40.  17
    Voices of Wisdom: A Multicultural Philosophy Reader.Gary E. Kessler (ed.) - 2000 - Wadsworth/Thomson Learning.
    This volume presents readings in philosophy from around the world and across history, from the Buddha to bell hooks, organized around traditional Anglo-European philosophical themes such as freedom and the existence of God. An introductory section discusses the nature of philosophy and gives advice on reading philosophical texts, and introductions to selections provide background and questions for thought.
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  41.  30
    Sennett, James, Ed. The Analytic Theist: An Alvin Plantinga Reader.Gary E. Dann - 2000 - Review of Metaphysics 53 (4):957-959.
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  42.  34
    Two Types of New Theism: Knowledge of God in the Thought of Paul Tillich and Charles Hartshorne.Gary E. Dann - 1999 - Review of Metaphysics 52 (4):985-986.
    Edgar A. Towne is Professor of Theology, Emeritus at Christian Theological Seminary, Indianapolis. This book began as Towne’s 1967 doctoral dissertation in the Divinity School of the University of Chicago. The original title, Ontological and Theological Dimensions of God in the Thought of Paul Tillich and Charles Hartshorne, clearly described the intent of his study. While the essential structure and documentation of this earlier form remains, the presentation in this present work is briefer, with additional notes referring to recent study (...)
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  43.  30
    Linguistic Development and the Semiotic Stream of Awareness.Gary E. Raney - 1987 - Semiotics:115-122.
  44. Dialogue, Text, Narrative: Confronting Gadamer and Ricoeur.Gary E. Aylesworth - 1991 - In Hans-Georg Gadamer & Hugh J. Silverman (eds.), Gadamer and Hermeneutics. New York ;Routledge. pp. 63--81.
     
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  45.  23
    Symbols of Transcendence: Religious Expression in the Thought of Louis Dupré.Gary E. Dann - 1999 - Review of Metaphysics 52 (4):954-955.
    Focusing on the theme of symbols in the thought of the Yale scholar Louis Dupré, this recent study makes a clear contribution to understanding further the role this subject has played throughout Dupré’s life’s work. Levesque, presently in the Department of Comparative Religion at California State University, derived much of the research for this present volume from his Ph.D. dissertation. In addition to four major chapters there is a brief “Foreward” by Dupré, and an extensive bibliography of his work in (...)
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  46.  23
    Kass, Leon R., and James Q. Wilson. The Ethics of Human Cloning.Gary E. Dann - 2000 - Review of Metaphysics 53 (3):710-711.
  47.  7
    Overtapped Oasis: Reform or Revolution for Western Water.Gary E. Varner - 1992 - Environmental Ethics 14 (1):93-94.
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  48.  6
    "Species, Individuals, and Domestication: A Commentary on Jane Duran's" Domesticated and Then Some".Gary E. Varner - 1990 - Between the Species 6 (4):9.
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  49.  19
    "Cognitive Semiotics.Gary E. Raney - 1985 - Semiotics:56-63.
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  50.  20
    Subjective Truth: A Critique. [REVIEW]Gary E. Overvold - 1973 - Journal of Value Inquiry 7 (1):1-16.
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