Results for 'Gary E. Marchant'

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  1.  75
    Risk Management Principles for Nanotechnology.Gary E. Marchant, Douglas J. Sylvester & Kenneth W. Abbott - 2008 - NanoEthics 2 (1):43-60.
    Risk management of nanotechnology is challenged by the enormous uncertainties about the risks, benefits, properties, and future direction of nanotechnology applications. Because of these uncertainties, traditional risk management principles such as acceptable risk, cost–benefit analysis, and feasibility are unworkable, as is the newest risk management principle, the precautionary principle. Yet, simply waiting for these uncertainties to be resolved before undertaking risk management efforts would not be prudent, in part because of the growing public concerns about nanotechnology driven by risk perception (...)
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  2.  20
    Transnational Models for Regulation of Nanotechnology.Gary E. Marchant & Douglas J. Sylvester - 2006 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 34 (4):714-725.
    Like all technologies, nanotechnology will inevitably present risks, whether they result from unintentional effects of otherwise beneficial applications, or from the malevolent misuse of technology. Increasingly, risks from new and emerging technologies are being regulated at the international level, although governments and private experts are only beginning to consider the appropriate international responses to nanotechnology. In this paper, we explore both the potential risks posed by nanotechnology and potential regulatory frameworks that law may impose. In so doing, we also explore (...)
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  3.  7
    Transnational Models for Regulation of Nanotechnology.Gary E. Marchant & Douglas J. Sylvester - 2006 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 34 (4):714-725.
    There is much we do not know about nanotechnology. Despite its tremendous promise, nanotechnology today is mostly forecast and fervent hope. Predictions that spending on nanotechnology will increase from current levels of $13 billion to more than $1 trillion by 2015 are no more than that – simply predictions. Hopes that nanotechnology will be an essential part of solving the globe's energy, food, and water problems should be tempered by recalling a century of revolutionary technologies that failed to live up (...)
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  4.  54
    The Problems with Forbidding Science.Gary E. Marchant & Lynda L. Pope - 2009 - Science and Engineering Ethics 15 (3):375-394.
    Scientific research is subject to a number of regulations which impose incidental (time, place), rather than substantive (type of research), restrictions on scientific research and the knowledge created through such research. In recent years, however, the premise that scientific research and knowledge should be free from substantive regulation has increasingly been called into question. Some have suggested that the law should be used as a tool to substantively restrict research which is dual-use in nature or which raises moral objections. There (...)
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  5.  17
    What Does the History of Technology Regulation Teach Us About Nano Oversight?Gary E. Marchant, Douglas J. Sylvester & Kenneth W. Abbott - 2009 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 37 (4):724-731.
    As policy makers struggle to develop regulatory oversight models for nanotechnologies, there are important lessons that can be drawn from previous attempts to govern other emerging technologies. Five such lessons are the following: public confidence and trust in a technology and its regulatory oversight is probably the most important factor for the commercial success of a technology; regulation should avoid discriminating against particular technologies unless there is a scientifically based rationale for the disparate treatment; regulatory systems need to be flexible (...)
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  6.  13
    What Does the History of Technology Regulation Teach Us About Nano Oversight?Gary E. Marchant, Douglas J. Sylvester & Kenneth W. Abbott - 2009 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 37 (4):724-731.
    Nanotechnology is the latest in a growing list of emerging technologies that includes nuclear technologies, genetics, reproductive biology, biotechnology, information technology, robotics, communication technologies, surveillance technologies, synthetic biology, and neuroscience. As was the case for many of the technologies that came before, a key question facing nanotechnology is what type of regulatory oversight is appropriate for this emerging technology. As two of us wrote several years ago, the question facing nanotechnology is not whether it will be regulated, but when and (...)
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  7.  4
    Contrasting Medical and Legal Standards of Evidence: A Precision Medicine Case Study.Gary E. Marchant, Kathryn Scheckel & Doug Campos-Outcalt - 2016 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 44 (1):194-204.
    As the health care system transitions to a precision medicine approach that tailors clinical care to the genetic profile of the individual patient, there is a potential tension between the clinical uptake of new technologies by providers and the legal system's expectation of the standard of care in applying such technologies. We examine this tension by comparing the type of evidence that physicians and courts are likely to rely on in determining a duty to recommend pharmacogenetic testing of patients prescribed (...)
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  8.  26
    Prudent Precaution in Clinical Trials of Nanomedicines.Gary E. Marchant & Rachel A. Lindor - 2012 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 40 (4):831-840.
    Clinical trials of nanotechnology medical products present complex risk management challenges that involve many uncertainties and important risk-risk trade-offs. This paper inquires whether the precautionary principle can help to inform risk management approaches to nanomedicine clinical trials. It concludes that prudent precaution may be appropriate for ensuring the safety of such trials, but that the precautionary principle itself, especially in its more extreme forms, does not provide useful guidance for specific safety measures.
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  9.  12
    Involuntary Exposures to Love-Enhancing or Anti-Love Agents.Gary E. Marchant & Yvonne A. Stevens - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (11):26-27.
  10.  10
    Prudent Precaution in Clinical Trials of Nanomedicines.Gary E. Marchant & Rachel A. Lindor - 2012 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 40 (4):831-840.
    Medical technologies, including nanomedicine products, are intended to improve health but in many cases may also create their own health risks. Medical products that create their own health risks differ from most other risk-creating technologies in that the very purpose of the medical technology is to prevent or treat health risks. This paradox of technologies intended to reduce existing risks that may have the effect of creating new risks has two conflicting implications. On one hand, we may be more tolerant (...)
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  11.  10
    Editors' Overview: Forbidding Science? [REVIEW]Gary E. Marchant & Stephanie J. Bird - 2009 - Science and Engineering Ethics 15 (3):263-269.
  12. In Nature’s Interests: Interests, Animal Rights, and Environmental Ethics.Gary E. Varner - 1998 - Oxford University Press.
    This book offers a powerful response to what Varner calls the "two dogmas of environmental ethics"--the assumptions that animal rights philosophies and anthropocentric views are each antithetical to sound environmental policy. Allowing that every living organism has interests which ought, other things being equal, to be protected, Varner contends that some interests take priority over others. He defends both a sentientist principle giving priority to the lives of organisms with conscious desires and an anthropocentric principle giving priority to certain very (...)
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  13.  54
    Personhood, Ethics, and Animal Cognition: Situating Animals in Hare's Two Level Utilitarianism.Gary E. Varner - 2012 - Oup Usa.
    Drawing heavily on recent empirical research to update R.M. Hare's two-level utilitarianism and expand Hare's treatment of "intuitive level rules," Gary Varner considers in detail the theory's application to animals while arguing that Hare should have recognized a hierarchy of persons, near-persons, & the merely sentient.
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  14.  5
    Gravitoinertial Force Versus the Direction of Balance in the Perception and Control of Orientation.Gary E. Riccio & Thomas A. Stoffregen - 1990 - Psychological Review 97 (1):135-137.
  15.  55
    E-Z Reader 7 Provides a Platform for Explaining How Low- and High-Level Linguistic Processes Influence Eye Movements.Gary E. Raney - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (4):498-499.
    E-Z Reader 7 is a processing model of eye-movement control. One constraint imposed on the model is that high-level cognitive processes do not influence eye movements unless normal reading processes are disturbed. I suggest that this constraint is unnecessary, and that the model provides a sensible architecture for explaining how both low- and high-level processes influence eye movements.
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  16.  68
    In Defense of the Vegan Ideal: Rhetoric and Bias in the Nutrition Literature. [REVIEW]Gary E. Varner - 1994 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 7 (1):29-40.
    Much of the scientific literature on vegetarian nutrition leaves one with the impression that vegan diets are significantly more risky than omnivorous ones, especially for individuals with high metabolic demands (such as pregnant or lactating women and children). But nutrition researchers have tended to skew their study populations toward new vegetarians, members of religious sects with especially restrictive diets and tendencies to eschew fortified foods and medical care, and these are arguably the last people we would expect to thrive on (...)
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  17.  40
    No Holism Without Pluralism.Gary E. Varner - 1991 - Environmental Ethics 13 (2):175-179.
    In his recent essay on moral pluralism in environmental ethics, J. Baird Callicott exaggerates the advantages of monism, ignoring the environmentally unsound implications of Leopold’s holism. In addition, he fails to see that Leopold’s view requires the same kind of intellectual schitzophrenia for which he criticizes the version of moral pluralism advocated by Christopher D. Stone in Earth and Other Ethics. If itis plausible to say that holistic entities like ecosystems are directly morally considerable-and that is a very big if-it (...)
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  18.  85
    Biological Functions and Biological Interests.Gary E. Varner - 1990 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 28 (2):251-270.
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  19.  21
    On the Classical Limit in Bohm’s Theory.Gary E. Bowman - 2005 - Foundations of Physics 35 (4):605-625.
    The standard means of seeking the classical limit in Bohmian mechanics is through the imposition of vanishing quantum force and quantum potential for pure states. We argue that this approach fails, and that the Bohmian classical limit can be realized only by combining narrow wave packets, mixed states, and environmental decoherence.
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  20.  25
    The Prospects for Consensus and Convergence in the Animal Rights Debate.Gary E. Varner - 1994 - Hastings Center Report 24 (1):24-28.
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  21.  53
    The Imperative of Organizational Harmony: A Critique of Contemporary Human Relations Theory. [REVIEW]Gary E. Overvold - 1987 - Journal of Business Ethics 6 (7):559 - 565.
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  22.  19
    Is Mystical Experience Everywhere the Same?Gary E. Kessler & Norman Prigge - 1982 - Sophia 21 (1):39-55.
  23.  30
    The Right to Health Care and the State.Gary E. Jones - 1983 - Philosophical Quarterly 33 (132):279-287.
  24.  76
    Lying and Intentions.Gary E. Jones - 1986 - Journal of Business Ethics 5 (4):347-349.
    In this essay I criticize recent attempts to prove that the concept of lying does not include the intent to deceive. I argue that examples by Isenberg and Carson fail to prove that one can lie without intending to deceive and, furthermore, that untoward consequences would follow if these authors were correct. I conclude that since intending to deceive is indeed a necessary condition of lying, the class of statements that constitute lies is smaller than what Isenberg et al. would (...)
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  25. What's Wrong with Animalby-Products?Gary E. Varner - 1994 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 7 (1):7-17.
    Without looking beyond the conditions under which laying hens typically live in the contemporary U.S. egg industry, we can understand why the production and consumption of factory farmed eggs could be judged immoral. However, the question, What (if anything) is wrong with animal by-products? cannot always be adequately answered by looking at the conditions under which animals live out their productive lives. For the dairy industry looks benign in those terms, but if we look beyond the conditions under which milk (...)
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  26. Varner, Gary E. "Do Species Have Standing?" Environmental Ethics 9 (1987): Pp. 57-72.Gary Varner - manuscript
    In his recent article Should Trees Have Standing? Revisited" Christopher D. Stone has effectively withdrawn his proposal that natural objects be granted legal rights, in response to criticism from the Feinberg/McCloskey camp. Stone now favors a weaker proposal that natural objects be granted what he calls legal "considerateness". I argue that Stone's retreat is both unnecessary and undesirable. I develop the notion of a "de facto" legal right and argue that species already have de facto legal rights as statutory beneficiaries (...)
     
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  27.  19
    Trust Among Internet Traders: A Behavioral Economics Approach.Gary E. Bolton, Elena Katok & Axel Ockenfels - 2004 - Analyse & Kritik 26 (1):185-202.
    Standard economic theory does not capture trust among anonymous Internet traders. But when traders are allowed to have social preferences, uncertainty about a seller's morals opens the door for trust, reward, exploitation and reputation building. We report experiments suggesting that sellers' intrinsic motivations to be trustworthy are not sufficient to sustain trade when not complemented by a feedback system. We demonstrate that it is the interaction of social preferences and cleverly designed reputation mechanisms that solves to a large extent the (...)
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  28. Rejoinder to Kathryn Paxton George.Gary E. Varner - 1994 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 7 (1):83-86.
    In Use and Abuse Revisited: Response to Pluhar and Varner, Kathryn Paxton George misunderstands the point of my essay, In Defense of the Vegan Ideal: Rhetoric and Bias in the Nutrition Literature. I did not claim that the nutrition literature unambiguously confirms that vegans are not at significantly greater risk of deficiencies than omnivores. Rather than settling any empirical controversy, my aim was to show how the literature can give the casual reader a skewed impression of what is known about (...)
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  29.  3
    A Neglected Argument.Gary E. Kessler - 1998 - The Paideia Archive: Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy 36:110-118.
    Charles S. Peirce sketches "a nest of three arguments for the Reality of God" in his article "A Neglected Argument for the Reality of God." I provide careful analysis and explication of Peirce's argument, along with consideration of some objections. I argue that there are significant differences between Peirce's neglected argument and the traditional arguments for God's existence; Peirce's analysis of the neglected argument into three arguments is misleading; there are two distinct levels of argument that Peirce does not recognize; (...)
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  30.  19
    Pragmatic Bodies Versus Transcendental Egos.Gary E. Kessler - 1978 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 14 (2):101 - 119.
  31.  5
    An Ecological Theory of Orientation and the Vestibular System.Thomas A. Stoffregen & Gary E. Riccio - 1988 - Psychological Review 95 (1):3-14.
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  32. Dialogue, Text, Narrative: Confronting Gadamer and Ricoeur.Gary E. Aylesworth - 1991 - In Hans-Georg Gadamer & Hugh J. Silverman (eds.), Gadamer and Hermeneutics. New York ;Routledge. pp. 63--81.
  33.  20
    Subjective Truth: A Critique. [REVIEW]Gary E. Overvold - 1973 - Journal of Value Inquiry 7 (1):1-16.
  34.  14
    Do Investors Price Social Responsibility?Gary E. Powell & Daniel G. Weaver - 1995 - Business and Professional Ethics Journal 14 (3):61-77.
  35.  14
    Individual Differences in Subtle Awareness and Levels of Awareness: Olfaction as a Model System.Gary E. Schwartz - 2000 - In Robert G. Kunzendorf & B. Alan Wallace (eds.), Individual Differences in Conscious Experience. John Benjamins. pp. 209.
  36.  30
    Preferential Treatment and the Allocation of Scarce Medical Resources.Gary E. Jones - 1985 - Philosophical Quarterly 35 (141):382-393.
    In this essay it will be argued that if preferential treatment for individuals who have suffered from past discrimination is permissible in any context, it should be extended to the allocation of scarce medical resources. This contention will be based on two facts: one, that health care, in particular certain life-saving operations, constitutes a scarce social good similar to but more important than other social goods such as desirable jobs and positions in desirable professional schools; secondly, that a claim can (...)
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  37.  1
    Absorption of Gamma Radiation as a Possible Mechanismfor Bigu: Theory and Data.Gary E. Schwartz - 2002 - Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 22 (5):371-373.
    The qigong state of bigu is believed to be supported by the absorption of qi from the universe. Gamma radiation is ubiquitous in the cosmos and, according to some, may be a possible source of energy for cellular functioning. When the concept of energy is integrated with the concept of dynamical systems, the logic leads to the theory—termed systemic memory—that predicts all systems, from the micro to macro, store information and energy to various degrees. New research indicates that the human (...)
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  38.  24
    Twentieth-Century French Philosophy.Gary E. Aylesworth - 1997 - Teaching Philosophy 20 (4):421-424.
  39.  31
    Social Communication and Theory of Mind in Boys with Autism and Fragile X Syndrome.Molly Losh, Gary E. Martin, Jessica Klusek, Abigail L. Hogan-Brown & John Sideris - 2012 - Frontiers in Psychology 3.
  40. Placebo Theory, Research , and Mechanisms.Leonard White, Bernard Tursky & Gary E. Schwartz - 1985
     
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  41.  5
    Motivation and the Games People Play.Gary E. Bolton - 2000 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 7 (1-2):1-2.
    Laboratory studies find a strategic component to moral behaviour that differs in significant ways from common perceptions of how morality works. Models based on a preference for relative payoffs offer an explanation.
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  42.  12
    Psychobiology of Repression and Health: A Systems Approach.Gary E. Schwartz - 1990 - In Jerome L. Singer (ed.), Repression and Dissociation. University of Chicago Press. pp. 405--434.
  43.  17
    The Genetic Basis of Music Ability.Yi Ting Tan, Gary E. McPherson, Isabelle Peretz, Samuel F. Berkovic & Sarah J. Wilson - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  44.  11
    Voices of Wisdom: A Multicultural Philosophy Reader.Gary E. Kessler (ed.) - 2000 - Wadsworth/Thomson Learning.
    This volume presents readings in philosophy from around the world and across history, from the Buddha to bell hooks, organized around traditional Anglo-European philosophical themes such as freedom and the existence of God. An introductory section discusses the nature of philosophy and gives advice on reading philosophical texts, and introductions to selections provide background and questions for thought.
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  45.  10
    A Philosopher's Fortune: Husserl's Fate as Object Lesson.Gary E. Overvold - 2001 - Idealistic Studies 31 (2/3):135-148.
    Edmund Husserl's historical importance is marked by a curious conjunction. He is easily among the most influential philosophers of the twentieth century and yet no one has taken up his view. The first of these has received a monumental amount of consideration, the second virtually none. But the second, in its own way, is at least equally remarkable. In this essay I will consider why his view of philosophy found no subscribers and what we might make of this legacy of (...)
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  46.  7
    Editor's Preface.Gary E. Overvold - 2015 - Idealistic Studies 45 (2):5-5.
  47. Terminating Life: Conflicting Values in Health Care.Gary E. McCuen - 1985 - Gary E. Mccuen Publications.
    Essays examine various sides of medical ethics issues such as euthanasia, organ transplants, and living wills.
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  48. Consciousness and Self-Regulation.Gary E. Schwartz & D. H. Shapiro (eds.) - 1976 - Plenum.
  49. Consciousness and Self-Regulation.Richard J. Davidson, Gary E. Schwartz & D. H. Shapiro (eds.) - 1983 - Plenum.
  50.  20
    The Textual Sublime: Deconstruction and its Differences.Hugh J. Silverman & Gary E. Aylesworth (eds.) - 1990 - State University of New York Press.
    This book addresses the question of deconstruction by asking what it is and discussing its alternatives. To what extent does deconstruction derive from a philosophical stance, and to what extent does it depend upon a set of strategies, moves, and rhetorical practices that result in criticism? Special attention is given to the formulations offered by Jacques Derrida and by Paul de Man . And what, in deconstructive terms, does it mean to translate from one textual corpus into another? Is it (...)
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