Results for 'Gary H. Lyman'

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  1.  56
    Evidentiary challenges to evidence‐based medicine.Benjamin Djulbegovic, Lou Morris & Gary H. Lyman - 2000 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 6 (2):99-109.
  2.  79
    Concepts and Synonymy in the UMLS Metathesaurus.Gary H. Merrill - 2009 - Journal of Biomedical Discovery and Collaboration 4 (7).
    This paper advances a detailed exploration of the complex relationships among terms, concepts, and synonymy in the UMLS Metathesaurus, and proposes the study and understanding of the Metathesaurus from a model-theoretic perspective. Initial sections provide the background and motivation for such an approach, and a careful informal treatment of these notions is offered as a context and basis for the formal analysis. What emerges from this is a set of puzzles and confusions in the Metathesaurus and its literature pertaining to (...)
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  3. The MedDRA Paradox.Gary H. Merrill - 2008 - Amia Annu Symp Proc:470-474.
    MedDRA (the Medical Dictionary for Regulatory Activities Terminology) is a controlled vocabulary widely used as a medical coding scheme. However, MedDRA’s characterization of its structural hierarchy exhibits some confusing and paradoxical features. The goal of this paper is to examine these features, determine whether there is a coherent view of the MedDRA hierarchy that emerges, and explore what lessons are to be learned from this for using MedDRA and similar terminologies in a broad medical informatics context that includes relations among (...)
     
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  4. Engineering a Development Platform for Ontology-Enhanced Knowledge Applications.Gary H. Merrill - 2006 - In Raj Sharman, Rajiv Kishore & Ram Ramesh (eds.), Ontologies: A Handbook of Principles, Concepts and Applications in Information Systems. Springer.
    Babylon Knowledge Explorer (BKE) is an integrated suite of tools and information sources developed in GlaxoSmithKline's Analysis, Applications, and Research Technologies Department to support the prototyping and implementation of ontology-driven information systems and ontology-enhanced knowledge applications. In this paper we describe the current state of BKE development and focus on some of its distinctive or novel approaches, highlighting -/- * How BKE makes use of multiple large pre-existing ontologies in support of text and data mining. * The methodology employed for (...)
     
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  5. Ontological Realism: Methodology or Misdirection?Gary H. Merrill - 2010 - Applied ontology 5 (2):79-108.
    In a series of papers over a period of several years Barry Smith andWerner Ceusters have offered a number of cogent criticisms of historical approaches to creating, maintaining, and applying biomedical terminologies and ontologies. And they have urged the adoption of what they refer to as a “realism-based” approach. Indeed, at times they insist that the realism-based approach not only offers clear advantages and a well-founded methodological basis for ontology development and evaluation, but that such a realist perspective is in (...)
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  6. Ontology, Ontologies, and Science.Gary H. Merrill - 2011 - Topoi (1):71-83.
    Philosophers frequently struggle with the relation of metaphysics to the everyday world, with its practical value, and with its relation to empirical science. This paper distinguishes several different models of the relation between philosophical ontology and applied (scientific) ontology that have been advanced in the history of philosopy. Adoption of a strong participation model for the philosophical ontologist in science is urged, and requirements and consequences of the participation model are explored. This approach provides both a principled view and justification (...)
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  7.  24
    On an enduring non sequitur of Quine's.Gary H. Merrill - 1977 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 18 (4):613-615.
  8. Using SNOMED to Normalize and Aggregate Drug References in the SafetyWorks Observational Pharmacovigilance Project.Gary H. Merrill, Patrick B. Ryan & Jeffery L. Painter - 2008 - Idamap (Intelligent Data Analysis in Medicine and Pharmacology.
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  9.  78
    Realism and Reference Ontologies: Considerations, Reflections, and Problems.Gary H. Merrill - 2010 - Applied ontology 5 (3-4):189-221.
    In “Ontological realism: Methodology or misdirection?” I offered a detailed critique of the position referred to as “realism” taken by Barry Smith and Werner Ceusters. This position is claimed to serve as the basis for a “realist methodology” that they seek to impose on the development of scientific ontologies, particularly within the biomedical sciences. Here, in part responding to a reply to those criticisms by Smith and Ceusters, I return the focus to an examination of fundamental incoherencies in this realist (...)
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  10.  15
    Field dependence and sensitivity to facial affect cues.Gary H. Jeffery & Donna L. Patterson - 1987 - Semiotica 64 (3-4):335-342.
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  11.  49
    False Wisdom: The Principles and Practice of Pseudo-philosophy.Gary H. Merrill - 2021 - Amazon.
    For centuries (indeed for millennia) philosophers have complained about pseudo-philosophy being practiced by others claiming to be philosophers — and about people being taken in and suffering in one way or another from the mimicry, exploitation, and fakery of the pseudo-philosophers. But no attempt at a careful, comprehensive, and useful characterization of pseudo-philosophy has emerged. This book is a comprehensive historical, theoretical, and practical treatment of pseudo-philosophy — a concept often encountered in both formal and popular philosophy, but rarely with (...)
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  12.  29
    Marginal Notes on the Theory of Reference.Gary H. Merrill - 1979 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 9 (1):35-50.
    In 'Notes on the Theory of Reference' Quine offers a brief argument, based on Tarski's Convention T and semantic definition of truth, that the theory of meaning is 'in a worse state' than is the theory of reference and that the concepts of the theory of meaning are inherently more 'foggy and mysterious' than those of thetheory of reference. A careful reconstruction of Quine's argument, however, is sufficient to show both that he covertly imposes a double standard of clarity on (...)
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  13.  21
    Marginal Notes on the Theory of Reference.Gary H. Merrill - 1979 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 9 (1):35-50.
    In 'Notes on the Theory of Reference' Quine offers a brief argument, based on Tarski's Convention T and semantic definition of truth, that the theory of meaning is 'in a worse state' than is the theory of reference and that the concepts of the theory of meaning are inherently more 'foggy and mysterious' than those of thetheory of reference. A careful reconstruction of Quine's argument, however, is sufficient to show both that he covertly imposes a double standard of clarity on (...)
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  14.  23
    Giving Goliath His Due: New Archaeological Light on the Philistines.Gary H. Oller & Neal Bierling - 1995 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 115 (3):549.
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  15. Cultural Influences on the Neural Correlate of Moral Decision Making Processes.Hyemin Han, Gary H. Glover & Changwoo Jeong - 2014 - Behavioural Brain Research 259:215-228.
    This study compares the neural substrate of moral decision making processes between Korean and American participants. By comparison with Americans, Korean participants showed increased activity in the right putamen associated with socio-intuitive processes and right superior frontal gyrus associated with cognitive control processes under a moral-personal condition, and in the right postcentral sulcus associated with mental calculation in familiar contexts under a moral-impersonal condition. On the other hand, American participants showed a significantly higher degree of activity in the bilateral anterior (...)
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  16.  19
    "Go to the Land I Will Show You": Studies in Honor of Dwight W. Young.Gary H. Oller, Joseph Coleson & Victor Matthews - 1998 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 118 (4):603.
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  17.  19
    Sumer and Sumerians.Gary H. Oller & Harriet Crawford - 1995 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 115 (1):131.
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  18.  14
    The Babyloniaca of Berossus.Gary H. Oller & Stanley Mayer Burstein - 1982 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 102 (1):165.
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  19.  17
    Probability and utility of endangered species preservation programs.Michael L. DeKay & Gary H. McClelland - 1996 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 2 (1):60.
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  20. Influence of the Cortical Midline Structures on Moral Emotion and Motivation in Moral Decision-Making.Hyemin Han, Jingyuan E. Chen, Changwoo Jeong & Gary H. Glover - 2016 - Behavioural Brain Research 302:237-251.
    The present study aims to examine the relationship between the cortical midline structures (CMS), which have been regarded to be associated with selfhood, and moral decision making processes at the neural level. Traditional moral psychological studies have suggested the role of moral self as the moderator of moral cognition, so activity of moral self would present at the neural level. The present study examined the interaction between the CMS and other moral-related regions by conducting psycho-physiological interaction analysis of functional images (...)
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  21.  78
    Hypnosis modulates activity in brain structures involved in the regulation of consciousness.Pierre Rainville, Rrrobert K. Hofbauer, M. Catherine Bushnell, Gary H. Duncan & Donald D. Price - 2002 - Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 14 (6):887-901.
  22.  32
    Methodological challenges in European ethics approvals for a genetic epidemiology study in critically ill patients: the GenOSept experience.Ascanio Tridente, Paul A. H. Holloway, Paula Hutton, Anthony C. Gordon, Gary H. Mills, Geraldine M. Clarke, Jean-Daniel Chiche, Frank Stuber, Christopher Garrard, Charles Hinds & Julian Bion - 2019 - BMC Medical Ethics 20 (1):30.
    During the set-up phase of an international study of genetic influences on outcomes from sepsis, we aimed to characterise potential differences in ethics approval processes and outcomes in participating European countries. Between 2005 and 2007 of the FP6-funded international Genetics Of Sepsis and Septic Shock project, we asked national coordinators to complete a structured survey of research ethic committee approval structures and processes in their countries, and linked these data to outcomes. Survey findings were reconfirmed or modified in 2017. Eighteen (...)
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  23. Sterol, fatty acid, and pigment characteristics of UTEX 2341, a marine eustigmatophyte identified previously as Chlorella minutissima.Patricia Gladu, Patterson K., W. Glenn, Gary Wikfors, Smith H. & C. Barry - 1995 - Journal of Phycology 31 (5):774--777.
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  24. Examining the decision process of students' cheating behavior: An empirical study. [REVIEW]Richard A. Bernardi, Rene L. Metzger, Ryann G. Scofield Bruno, Marisa A. Wade Hoogkamp, Lillian E. Reyes & Gary H. Barnaby - 2004 - Journal of Business Ethics 50 (4):397-414.
    This research examines the association between attitudes on cheating and cognitive moral development. In this research, we use Rest's (1979a) Defining Issues Test, the Attitudes on Honesty Scale (Authors) and Academic Integrity Index (Authors); the last two are adaptations of the DIT. A total of 220 students from three universities participated in the study (66 psychology majors and 154 business majors). The data indicate that 66.4 percent of the students reported that they cheated in high school, college, or both high (...)
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  25.  36
    Book Review Section 1. [REVIEW]Nicholas Appleton, Loren R. Bonneau, Walter Feinberg, Thomas D. Moore, Albert Grande, W. Eugene Hedley, D. Malcolm Leith, Charles R. Schindler, Leonard Fels, Harry Wagschal, Gregg Jackson, David C. Williams, Gary H. Gilliland, Colin Greer, Gerald L. Gutek, H. Warren Button & Ronald K. Goodenow - 1974 - Educational Studies 5 (1-2):39-52.
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  26.  38
    Voxel-based lesion-parameter mapping: Identifying the neural correlates of a computational model of word production.Gary S. Dell, Myrna F. Schwartz, Nazbanou Nozari, Olufunsho Faseyitan & H. Branch Coslett - 2013 - Cognition 128 (3):380-396.
  27. Consciousness and Self-Regulation.Gary E. Schwartz & D. H. Shapiro (eds.) - 1976 - Plenum.
  28.  27
    Tung Chung-shu, Ch'un-ch'iu fan-lu: Üppiger Tau des Frühling-und-Herbst-Klassikers; Übersetzung und Annotation der Kapitel eins bis sechsTung Chung-shu, Ch'un-ch'iu fan-lu: Uppiger Tau des Fruhling-und-Herbst-Klassikers; Ubersetzung und Annotation der Kapitel eins bis sechs.Gary Arbuckle & Robert H. Gassmann - 1993 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 113 (1):97.
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  29.  97
    Predicting Performances on Processing and Memorizing East Asian Faces from Brain Activities in Face-Selective Regions: A Neurocomputational Approach.Gary C.-W. Shyi, Peter K.-H. Cheng, S. -T. Tina Huang, C. -C. Lee, Felix F.-S. Tsai, Wan-Ting Hsieh & Becky Y.-C. Chen - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
  30.  26
    Effect of test stimulus range on stimulus generalization in human subjects.Gary Hansen, Arthur Tomie, David R. Thomas & Doris H. Thomas - 1974 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 102 (4):634.
  31.  17
    The neurodynamics of heavy PETing, at/intention, learning, functional recovery, and rehabilitation.Gary Goldberg & Nathaniel H. Mayer - 1995 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 18 (2):348-349.
    Research reported by Posner & Raichle may be usefully applied to the rehabilitation of persons with brain damage. Their findings are related to the “dual premotorsystems hypothesis” that reciprocally interactive medial and lateral brain systems are involved in attention and learning. Recent studies show that “brain healing” occurs through dynamic reorganization involving attentional networks postulated by Posner & Raichle.
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  32.  11
    The Effect of Announcements of Corporate Misconduct and Insider Trading on Shareholder Returns.H. Kent Baker, Richard B. Edelman & Gary E. Powell - 1999 - Business and Professional Ethics Journal 18 (1):47-64.
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  33.  15
    Intermodal transfer in a paired-associates learning task.Gary L. Holmgren, Malcolm D. Arnoult & Winton H. Manning - 1966 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 71 (2):254.
  34.  13
    The goal of treatment for motor impairment is not to “normalize” but to “functionalize” through facilitative modulation and enabling context.Gary Goldberg & Nathaniel H. Mayer - 1996 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 19 (1):75-76.
  35.  9
    Motor control as adaptational biology: Relevance to education and rehabilitation.Gary Goldberg & Nathaniel H. Mayer - 1988 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (4):717-719.
  36.  48
    Scripta Signa Vocis: Studies about Scripts, Scriptures, Scribes and Languages in the near East, Presented to J. H. Hospers by His Pupils, Colleagues and Friends"Working with no Data": Semitic and Egyptian Studies Presented to Thomas O. Lambdin. [REVIEW]Gary A. Rendsburg, H. L. J. Vanstiphout, K. Jongeling, F. Leemhuis, G. J. Reinink & David M. Golomb - 1989 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 109 (3):508.
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  37. Flipped classroom for student engagement in higher education.Gary K. W. Wong & H. Y. Cheung - 2015 - In Jaime Hawkins (ed.), Student engagement: leadership practices, perspectives and impact of technology. New York: Nova Publishers.
     
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  38.  16
    The Effect of Announcements of Corporate Misconduct and Insider Trading on Shareholder Returns.H. Kent Baker, Richard B. Edelman & Gary E. Powell - 1999 - Business and Professional Ethics Journal 18 (1):47-64.
  39.  15
    Beginning Hittite.Gary Beckman, Warren H. Held, William R. Schmalstieg & Janet E. Gertz - 1991 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 111 (3):658.
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  40. A Novel Exercise for Teaching the Philosophy of Science.Gary Hardcastle & Matthew H. Slater - 2014 - Philosophy of Science 81 (5):1184-1196.
    We describe a simple, flexible exercise that can be implemented in the philosophy of science classroom: students are asked to determine the contents of a closed container without opening it. This exercise has revealed itself as a useful platform from which to examine a wide range of issues in the philosophy of science and may, we suggest, even help us think about improving the public understanding of science.
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  41.  22
    DNA synthesis control in yeast: An evolutionarily conserved mechanism for regulating DNA synthesis genes?Gary F. Merrill, Brian A. Morgan, Noel F. Lowndes & Leland H. Johnston - 1992 - Bioessays 14 (12):823-830.
    After yeast cells commit to the cell cycle in a process called START, genes required for DNA synthesis are expressed in late G1. Periodicity is mediated by a hexameric sequence, known as a MCB element, present in all DNA synthesis gene promoters. A complex that specifically binds MCBs has been identified. One polypeptide in the MCB complex is Swi6, a transcription factor that together with Swi4 also binds G1 cyclin promoters and participates in a positive feedback loop at START. The (...)
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  42.  20
    The China White Paper; August 1949.E. H. S. & Lyman P. van Slyke - 1968 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 88 (2):365.
  43.  23
    Rose virus and virus-like diseases.Gary A. Secor, Mansun Kong, George Nyland, Gary A. Beall, James J. Mehlschau, Robert B. Fridley, Robert W. Brazelton, Marvin H. Gerdts, F. Gordon Mitchell & Hoy F. Carman - 1977 - In Vincent Stuart (ed.), Order. [New York]: Random House.
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  44.  40
    Hittite Diplomatic Texts.Richard H. Beal & Gary Beckman - 2001 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 121 (3):496.
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  45.  11
    Effects of subthalamic lesions on active avoidance performance.W. Gary Thompson & Leslie H. Hicks - 1979 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 14 (4):291-292.
  46. Physician and patient: Respect for mutuality.David Gary Smith & Lisa H. Newton - 1984 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 5 (1).
    Philosophers and physicians alike tend to discuss the physician-patient relationship in terms of physician privilege and patient autonomy, stressing the duty of the physician to respect the autonomy and the variously elaborated rights of the patient. The authors of this article argue that such emphasis on rights was initially productive, in a first generation of debate on medical ethical issues, but that it is now time for a second generation effort that will stress the importance of the unique experiential aspects (...)
     
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  47. Consciousness and Self-Regulation.Richard J. Davidson, Gary E. Schwartz & D. H. Shapiro (eds.) - 1983 - Plenum.
  48.  14
    Philosophy as Responsibility: A Celebration of Hendrik Hart's Contribution to the Discipline.James H. Olthuis, Hendrik M. Vroom, John H. Kok, Dirk H. Th Vollenhoven, Nicholas John Ansell, Stoffel N. D. Francke, Gary R. Shahinian, Jeffrey Dudiak, Lambert Zuidervaart, D. Vaden House, Carroll Guen Hart, Janet Catherina Wesselius & Perry Recker (eds.) - 2002 - Upa.
    This festschrift collects a number of insightful essays by a group of accomplished Christian scholars, all of who have either worked with or studied under Hendrik Hart during his 35-year tenure as Senior Member in Systematic Philosophy at the Institute for Christian Studies, Toronto, Canada.
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  49.  24
    Accuracy of medicare expenditures in the medical expenditure panel survey.Samuel H. Zuvekas & Gary L. Olin - 2009 - Inquiry: The Journal of Health Care Organization, Provision, and Financing 46 (1):92-108.
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  50.  7
    Perspectives on the Effectiveness of a Medical Futility Policy.John Encandela, Gary S. Kopf, H. Alexander Chen & Bryan Kaps - 2021 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 32 (1):48-60.
    BackgroundThe principal aim of this study was to investigate the function and effectiveness of an institutional policy that outlines a procedure to limit medically futile interventions. We were interested in the attitudes and opinions of careproviders and the members of the Yale New Haven Hospital Ethics Committee that use this policy, the Conscientious Practice Policy (CPP), to address questions on appropriate interventions in the setting of medical futility.MethodsIn 2019, we conducted three focus groups of members of the Yale New Haven (...)
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