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Gary H. Merrill [10]Gary Howard Merrill [1]
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Gary Merrill
University of Rochester
  1.  98
    Ontological Realism: Methodology or Misdirection?Gary H. Merrill - 2010 - Applied Ontology 5 (2):79-108.
    In a series of papers over a period of several years Barry Smith andWerner Ceusters have offered a number of cogent criticisms of historical approaches to creating, maintaining, and applying biomedical terminologies and ontologies. And they have urged the adoption of what they refer to as a “realism-based” approach. Indeed, at times they insist that the realism-based approach not only offers clear advantages and a well-founded methodological basis for ontology development and evaluation, but that such a realist perspective is in (...)
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  2. Ontology, Ontologies, and Science.Gary H. Merrill - 2011 - Topoi (1):71-83.
    Philosophers frequently struggle with the relation of metaphysics to the everyday world, with its practical value, and with its relation to empirical science. This paper distinguishes several different models of the relation between philosophical ontology and applied (scientific) ontology that have been advanced in the history of philosopy. Adoption of a strong participation model for the philosophical ontologist in science is urged, and requirements and consequences of the participation model are explored. This approach provides both a principled view and justification (...)
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  3.  54
    Realism and Reference Ontologies: Considerations, Reflections, and Problems.Gary H. Merrill - 2010 - Applied Ontology 5 (3-4):189-221.
    In “Ontological realism: Methodology or misdirection?” I offered a detailed critique of the position referred to as “realism” taken by Barry Smith and Werner Ceusters. This position is claimed to serve as the basis for a “realist methodology” that they seek to impose on the development of scientific ontologies, particularly within the biomedical sciences. Here, in part responding to a reply to those criticisms by Smith and Ceusters, I return the focus to an examination of fundamental incoherencies in this realist (...)
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  4.  59
    Concepts and Synonymy in the UMLS Metathesaurus.Gary H. Merrill - 2009 - Journal of Biomedical Discovery and Collaboration 4 (7).
    This paper advances a detailed exploration of the complex relationships among terms, concepts, and synonymy in the UMLS Metathesaurus, and proposes the study and understanding of the Metathesaurus from a model-theoretic perspective. Initial sections provide the background and motivation for such an approach, and a careful informal treatment of these notions is offered as a context and basis for the formal analysis. What emerges from this is a set of puzzles and confusions in the Metathesaurus and its literature pertaining to (...)
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  5. The MedDRA Paradox.Gary H. Merrill - 2008 - Amia Annu Symp Proc:470-474.
    MedDRA (the Medical Dictionary for Regulatory Activities Terminology) is a controlled vocabulary widely used as a medical coding scheme. However, MedDRA’s characterization of its structural hierarchy exhibits some confusing and paradoxical features. The goal of this paper is to examine these features, determine whether there is a coherent view of the MedDRA hierarchy that emerges, and explore what lessons are to be learned from this for using MedDRA and similar terminologies in a broad medical informatics context that includes relations among (...)
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  6. Engineering a Development Platform for Ontology-Enhanced Knowledge Applications.Gary H. Merrill - 2006 - In Raj Sharman, Rajiv Kishore & Ram Ramesh (eds.), Ontologies: A Handbook of Principles, Concepts and Applications in Information Systems. Springer.
    Babylon Knowledge Explorer (BKE) is an integrated suite of tools and information sources developed in GlaxoSmithKline's Analysis, Applications, and Research Technologies Department to support the prototyping and implementation of ontology-driven information systems and ontology-enhanced knowledge applications. In this paper we describe the current state of BKE development and focus on some of its distinctive or novel approaches, highlighting -/- * How BKE makes use of multiple large pre-existing ontologies in support of text and data mining. * The methodology employed for (...)
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  7. Using SNOMED to Normalize and Aggregate Drug References in the SafetyWorks Observational Pharmacovigilance Project.Gary H. Merrill, Patrick B. Ryan & Jeffery L. Painter - 2008 - Idamap (Intelligent Data Analysis in Medicine and Pharmacology.
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  8.  17
    On an Enduring Non Sequitur of Quine's.Gary H. Merrill - 1977 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 18 (4):613-615.
  9.  20
    Marginal Notes on the Theory of Reference.Gary H. Merrill - 1979 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 9:35-50.
    In 'Notes on the Theory of Reference' Quine offers a brief argument, based on Tarski's Convention T and semantic definition of truth, that the theory of meaning is 'in a worse state' than is the theory of reference and that the concepts of the theory of meaning are inherently more 'foggy and mysterious' than those of thetheory of reference. A careful reconstruction of Quine's argument, however, is sufficient to show both that he covertly imposes a double standard of clarity on (...)
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  10.  6
    Marginal Notes on the Theory of Reference.Gary H. Merrill - 1979 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 9:35-50.
    In 'Notes on the Theory of Reference' Quine offers a brief argument, based on Tarski's Convention T and semantic definition of truth, that the theory of meaning is 'in a worse state' than is the theory of reference and that the concepts of the theory of meaning are inherently more 'foggy and mysterious' than those of thetheory of reference. A careful reconstruction of Quine's argument, however, is sufficient to show both that he covertly imposes a double standard of clarity on (...)
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