Results for 'Gary Sanders'

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  1.  33
    They Give You The Keys And Say ‘Drive It!’ Managers, Referred Expertise, And Other Expertises.Harry Collins & Gary Sanders - 2007 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 38 (4):621-641.
    On the face of it, the directors of new large scientific projects have an impossible task. They have to make technical decisions about sciences in which they have never made a research contribution—sciences in which they have no contributory expertise. Furthermore, these decisions must be accepted and respected by the scientists who are making research contributions. The problem is discussed in two interviews conducted with two directors of large scientific projects. The paradox is resolved for the managers by their use (...)
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  2. The Collected Papers of Charles Sanders Peirce.Charles Sanders Peirce, Charles Hartshorne & Paul Weiss - 1933 - International Journal of Ethics 43 (2):220-226.
  3.  27
    By Gary Null, PhD, and Martin Feldman, MD.Gary Null - forthcoming - Argument: Biannual Philosophical Journal.
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  4. Varner, Gary E. "Do Species Have Standing?" Environmental Ethics 9 (1987): Pp. 57-72.Gary Varner - manuscript
    In his recent article Should Trees Have Standing? Revisited" Christopher D. Stone has effectively withdrawn his proposal that natural objects be granted legal rights, in response to criticism from the Feinberg/McCloskey camp. Stone now favors a weaker proposal that natural objects be granted what he calls legal "considerateness". I argue that Stone's retreat is both unnecessary and undesirable. I develop the notion of a "de facto" legal right and argue that species already have de facto legal rights as statutory beneficiaries (...)
     
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  5. Joshua Hoffman Gary S. Rosenkrantz.Gary S. Rosenkrantz - 2003 - In Michael J. Loux & Dean W. Zimmerman (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Metaphysics. Oxford University Press. pp. 46.
     
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  6.  46
    Review of Gary Varner, Personhood, Ethics, and Animal Cognition: Situating Animals in Hare’s Two-Level Utilitarianism. [REVIEW]Gary Comstock - 2013 - Environmental Values 22 (3):417-420.
    With his 1998 book, In Nature’s Interests? Gary Varner proved to be one of our most original and trenchant of environmental ethicists. Here, in the first of a promised two volume set, he makes his mark on another field, animal ethics, leaving an even deeper imprint. Thoroughly grounded in the relevant philosophical and scientific literatures, Varner is as precise in analysis as he is wide-ranging in scope. His writing is clear and rigorous, and he explains philosophical nuances with extraordinary (...)
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  7.  26
    Gary L. Hardcastle, Review of Osiris, Volume 10: Constructing Knowledge in the History of Science by Arnold Thackray. [REVIEW]Gary L. Hardcastle - 1998 - Philosophy of Science 65 (2):373-375.
  8. Collected Papers of Charles Sanders Peirce. Vol. I, Principles of Philosophy.Charles Sanders Peirce, Charles Hartshorne & Paul Weiss - 1932 - Philosophy 7 (26):245-246.
     
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  9. Charles Sanders Peirce: Complete Published Works Including Selected Secondary Materials: Microfiche Collection.Kenneth Laine Ketner, Charles S. Hardwick, Christian J. W. Kloesel, Joseph M. Ransdell, Max H. Fisch & Charles Sanders Peirce - 1979 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 15 (1):88-92.
     
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  10.  4
    Alcyone, by Gary Shapiro.Gary Banham - 1994 - Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 25 (3):306-309.
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  11. Collected Papers of Charles Sanders Pierce. Vol. III. Exact Logic.Charles Sanders Pierce, Charles Hartshorn & Paul Weiss - 1934 - Philosophy 9 (35):379-380.
     
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  12. Collected Papers of Charles Sanders Peirce. Vol. IV: The Simplest Mathematics.Charles Hartshorn, Paul Weiss & Charles Sanders Peirce - 1936 - Philosophy 11 (41):116-118.
     
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  13.  7
    But, Socrates-Gary W. Gilbert Doesn't Seem to Know the Form.Gary W. Gilbert - 2009 - Philosophy Now 74:33.
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  14. “A Brief Intellectual Autobiography of Charles Sanders Peirce”(1904) In.Charles Sanders Peirce - 1983 - American Journal of Semiotics 2 (1/2):61-83.
     
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  15. His Glassy Essence: An Autobiography of Charles Sanders Peirce.Charles Sanders Peirce & Kenneth Laine Ketner - 1999 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 35 (1):177-187.
     
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  16.  34
    Capitalism and the Democratic Economy*: Gary A. Dymski and John E. Elliott.Gary A. Dymski - 1988 - Social Philosophy and Policy 6 (1):140-164.
    Mainstream economics evaluates capitalism primarily from the perspective of efficiency. Social philosophy typically applies other or additional normative criteria, such as equality, democracy, and community. This essay examines the implications of these contrasting sets of criteria in the evaluation of capitalism. Its first two sections consider the criteria themselves, assuming that a trade-off exists between them. The last three sections question whether such a trade-off necessarily occurs, and explore the claim that improvements in nonefficiency dimensions of capitalist society may enhance, (...)
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  17. Collected Papers of Charles Sanders Peirce. Volume VI, Scientific Metaphysics.Charles Hartshorne, Paul Weiss & Charles Sanders Peirce - 1937 - Philosophy 12 (46):230-232.
     
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  18. The Potentials and Limitations of Rational Choice Theory: An Interview with Gary Becker.Gary Becker - 2012 - Erasmus Journal for Philosophy and Economics 5 (1):73-86.
     
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  19. Agency and Answerability: Selected Essays.Gary Watson - 2004 - Oxford University Press.
    Since the 1970s Gary Watson has published a series of brilliant and highly influential essays on human action, examining such questions as: in what ways are we free and not free, rational and irrational, responsible or not for what we do? Moral philosophers and philosophers of action will welcome this collection, representing one of the most important bodies of work in the field.
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  20. A Principled Approach to Defining Actual Causation.Sander Beckers & Joost Vennekens - 2018 - Synthese 195 (2):835-862.
    In this paper we present a new proposal for defining actual causation, i.e., the problem of deciding if one event caused another. We do so within the popular counterfactual tradition initiated by Lewis, which is characterised by attributing a fundamental role to counterfactual dependence. Unlike the currently prominent definitions, our approach proceeds from the ground up: we start from basic principles, and construct a definition of causation that satisfies them. We define the concepts of counterfactual dependence and production, and put (...)
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  21. Paradigms and Revolutions Appraisals and Applications of Thomas Kuhn's Philosophy of Science /Edited by Gary Gutting. --. --.Gary Gutting - 1980 - University of Notre Dame Press, C1980.
     
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  22.  43
    Charles Sanders Peirce: A Life.Joseph Brent - 1993 - History and Philosophy of Logic 14 (2):531-538.
    Charles Sanders Peirce was born in September 1839 and died five months before the guns of August 1914. He is perhaps the most important mind the United States has ever produced. He made significant contributions throughout his life as a mathematician, astronomer, chemist, geodesist, surveyor, cartographer, metrologist, engineer, and inventor. He was a psychologist, a philologist, a lexicographer, a historian of science, a lifelong student of medicine, and, above all, a philosopher, whose special fields were logic and semiotics. He (...)
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  23.  18
    GeorGe Quasha In DIaloGue WIth Gary hIll.Gary Hill - 2011 - In Thomas Bartscherer (ed.), Switching Codes. Chicago University Press. pp. 249.
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  24. The Psychology of Emotion Regulation: An Integrative Review.Sander L. Koole - 2009 - Cognition and Emotion 23 (1):4-41.
  25.  65
    Elbow Room: The Varieties of Free Will Worth Wanting.Gary Watson - 1986 - Journal of Philosophy 83 (9):517-522.
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  26.  78
    A Spreading-Activation Theory of Retrieval in Sentence Production.Gary S. Dell - 1986 - Psychological Review 93 (3):283-321.
  27. The Natural and the Normative: Theories of Spatial Perception From Kant to Helmholtz.Gary Hatfield - 1990 - Cambridge: MIT Press.
    Gary Hatfield examines theories of spatial perception from the seventeenth to the nineteenth century and provides a detailed analysis of the works of Kant and Helmholtz, who adopted opposing stances on whether central questions about spatial perception were fully amenable to natural-scientific treatment. At stake were the proper understanding of the relationships among sensation, perception, and experience, and the proper methodological framework for investigating the mental activities of judgment, understanding, and reason issues which remain at the core of philosophical (...)
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  28. The Animal Rights Debate: Abolition or Regulation?Gary L. Francione & Robert Garner - 2010 - Columbia University Press.
    Gary L. Francione is a law professor and leading philosopher of animal rights theory. Robert Garner is a political theorist specializing in the philosophy and politics of animal protection. Francione maintains that we have no moral justification for using nonhumans and argues that because animals are property—or economic commodities—laws or industry practices requiring "humane" treatment will, as a general matter, fail to provide any meaningful level of protection. Garner favors a version of animal rights that focuses on eliminating animal (...)
     
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  29.  5
    My Pilgrimage From Atheism to Theism: A Discussion Between Antony Flew and Gary R. Habermas.Antony Flew & Gary Habermas - 2004 - Philosophia Christi 6 (2):197-212.
  30.  60
    Personhood, Ethics, and Animal Cognition: Situating Animals in Hare's Two Level Utilitarianism.Gary E. Varner - 2012 - Oup Usa.
    Drawing heavily on recent empirical research to update R.M. Hare's two-level utilitarianism and expand Hare's treatment of "intuitive level rules," Gary Varner considers in detail the theory's application to animals while arguing that Hare should have recognized a hierarchy of persons, near-persons, & the merely sentient.
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  31. Cognitive Penetrability of Perception in the Age of Prediction: Predictive Systems Are Penetrable Systems.Gary Lupyan - 2015 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 6 (4):547-569.
    The goal of perceptual systems is to allow organisms to adaptively respond to ecologically relevant stimuli. Because all perceptual inputs are ambiguous, perception needs to rely on prior knowledge accumulated over evolutionary and developmental time to turn sensory energy into information useful for guiding behavior. It remains controversial whether the guidance of perception extends to cognitive states or is locked up in a “cognitively impenetrable” part of perception. I argue that expectations, knowledge, and task demands can shape perception at multiple (...)
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  32.  11
    Animals as Persons: Essays on the Abolition of Animal Exploitation.Gary L. Francione - 2008 - Cambridge University Press.
    A prominent and respected philosopher of animal rights law and ethical theory, Gary L. Francione is known for his criticism of animal welfare laws and regulations, his abolitionist theory of animal rights, and his promotion of veganism and nonviolence as the baseline principles of the abolitionist movement. In this collection, Francione advances the most radical theory of animal rights to date. Unlike Peter Singer, Francione maintains that we cannot morally justify using animals under any circumstances, and unlike Tom Regan, (...)
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  33.  44
    Resurrection Claims in Non-Christian Religions: GARY R. HABERMAS.Gary R. Habermas - 1989 - Religious Studies 25 (2):167-177.
    While Christian beliefs are presumably much more widely known, especially in the Western world, some adherents to the major non-Christian religions also make claims that some of their historical rabbis, prophets, gurus or ‘messiahs’ rose from the dead. Judging from the relevant religious literature, it appears that such non-Christian claims are often ignored, perhaps because there is little awareness of them. Even if the existence of such beliefs is recognized, almost never is there any in-depth answer to the question of (...)
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  34. Working From Within: The Nature and Development of Quine's Naturalism.Sander Verhaegh - 2018 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    During the past few decades, a radical shift has occurred in how philosophers conceive of the relation between science and philosophy. A great number of analytic philosophers have adopted what is commonly called a ‘naturalistic’ approach, arguing that their inquiries ought to be in some sense continuous with science. Where early analytic philosophers often relied on a sharp distinction between science and philosophy—the former an empirical discipline concerned with fact, the latter an a priori discipline concerned with meaning—philosophers today largely (...)
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  35.  30
    Charles Sanders Peirce's Economy of Research.James R. Wible - 1994 - Journal of Economic Methodology 1 (1):135-160.
    Charles Sanders Peirce has authored an extraordinary ?Note on the Theory of the Economy of Research? (1879). The Note presents an economic model of research project selection in science. A case can be made that the Note was the first piece of modern scientific research in all of economics. This claim is based on the novelty of the method of argument, the graphical techniques, and the ratio of the marginal utilities found in the Note. The Note is also significant (...)
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  36. The Transitivity and Asymmetry of Actual Causation.Sander Beckers & Joost Vennekens - 2017 - Ergo: An Open Access Journal of Philosophy 4:1-27.
    The counterfactual tradition to defining actual causation has come a long way since Lewis started it off. However there are still important open problems that need to be solved. One of them is the (in)transitivity of causation. Endorsing transitivity was a major source of trouble for the approach taken by Lewis, which is why currently most approaches reject it. But transitivity has never lost its appeal, and there is a large literature devoted to understanding why this is so. Starting from (...)
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  37.  28
    A Solution to the Tag-Assignment Problem for Neural Networks.Gary W. Strong & Bruce A. Whitehead - 1989 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12 (3):381-397.
    Purely parallel neural networks can model object recognition in brief displays – the same conditions under which illusory conjunctions have been demonstrated empirically. Correcting errors of illusory conjunction is the “tag-assignment” problem for a purely parallel processor: the problem of assigning a spatial tag to nonspatial features, feature combinations, and objects. This problem must be solved to model human object recognition over a longer time scale. Our model simulates both the parallel processes that may underlie illusory conjunctions and the serial (...)
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  38. Animals as Persons: Essays on the Abolition of Animal Exploitation.Gary L. Francione - 2009 - Columbia University Press.
    A prominent and respected philosopher of animal rights law and ethical theory, Gary L. Francione is known for his criticism of animal welfare laws and regulations, his abolitionist theory of animal rights, and his promotion of veganism and nonviolence as the baseline principles of the abolitionist movement. In this collection, Francione advances the most radical theory of animal rights to date. Unlike Peter Singer, Francione maintains that we cannot morally justify using animals under any circumstances, and unlike Tom Regan, (...)
     
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  39.  52
    A Dispositional Theory of Health.Sander Werkhoven - 2019 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 70 (4):927-952.
    A satisfactory account of the nature of health is important for a wide range of theoretical and practical reasons. No theory offered in the literature thus far has been able to meet all the desiderata for an adequate theory of health. This article introduces a new theory of health, according to which health is best defined in terms of dispositions at the level of the organism as a whole. After outlining the main features of the account and providing formal definitions (...)
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  40.  62
    Words and the World: Predictive Coding and the Language-Perception-Cognition Interface.Gary Lupyan & Andy Clark - 2015 - Current Directions in Psychological Science 24 (4):279-284.
    Can what we know change what we see? Does language affect cognition and perception? The last few years have seen increased attention to these seemingly disparate questions, but with little theoretical advance. We argue that substantial clarity can be gained by considering these questions through the lens of predictive processing, a framework in which mental representations—from the perceptual to the cognitive—reflect an interplay between downward-flowing predictions and upward-flowing sensory signals. This framework provides a parsimonious account of how what we know (...)
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  41. Quine's ‘Needlessly Strong’ Holism.Sander Verhaegh - 2017 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 61:11-20.
    Quine is routinely perceived as having changed his mind about the scope of the Duhem-Quine thesis, shifting from what has been called an 'extreme holism' to a more moderate view. Where the Quine of 'Two Dogmas of Empiricism' argues that “the unit of empirical significance is the whole of science” (1951, 42), the later Quine seems to back away from this “needlessly strong statement of holism” (1991, 393). In this paper, I show that the received view is incorrect. I distinguish (...)
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  42.  12
    Animals and the Moral Community: Mental Life, Moral Status, and Kinship.Gary Steiner - 2008 - Columbia University Press.
    Gary Steiner argues that ethologists and philosophers in the analytic and continental traditions have largely failed to advance an adequate explanation of animal behavior.
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  43. Rebooting Ai: Building Artificial Intelligence We Can Trust.Gary Marcus & Ernest Davis - 2019 - Vintage.
    Two leaders in the field offer a compelling analysis of the current state of the art and reveal the steps we must take to achieve a truly robust artificial intelligence. Despite the hype surrounding AI, creating an intelligence that rivals or exceeds human levels is far more complicated than we have been led to believe. Professors Gary Marcus and Ernest Davis have spent their careers at the forefront of AI research and have witnessed some of the greatest milestones in (...)
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  44.  26
    “I Feel Better but I Don't Know Why”: The Psychology of Implicit Emotion Regulation.Sander L. Koole & Klaus Rothermund - 2011 - Cognition and Emotion 25 (3):389-399.
  45.  30
    Synchrony in Psychotherapy: A Review and an Integrative Framework for the Therapeutic Alliance.Sander L. Koole & Wolfgang Tschacher - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
  46. Black Bodies, White Bodies: Toward an Iconography of Female Sexuality in Late Nineteenth-Century Art, Medicine, and Literature.Sander L. Gilman - 1985 - Critical Inquiry 12 (1):204.
    This essay is an attempt to plumb the conventions which exist at a specific historical moment in both the aesthetic and scientific spheres. I will assume the existence of a web of conventions within the world of the aesthetic—conventions which have elsewhere been admirably illustrated—but will depart from the norm by examining the synchronic existence of another series of conventions, those of medicine. I do not mean in any way to accord special status to medical conventions. Indeed, the world is (...)
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  47. The Dancing Wu Li Masters: An Overview of the New Physics.Gary Zukav - 1979 - Morrow.
  48.  89
    Coming to America: Carnap, Reichenbach and the Great Intellectual Migration. Part II: Hans Reichenbach.Sander Verhaegh - 2020 - Journal for the History of Analytical Philosophy 8 (11).
    In the late 1930s, a few years before the start of the Second World War, a small number of European philosophers of science emigrated to the United States, escaping the increasingly perilous situation on the continent. Among the first expatriates were Rudolf Carnap and Hans Reichenbach, arguably the most influential logical empiricists of their time. In this two-part paper, I reconstruct Carnap’s and Reichenbach’s surprisingly numerous interactions with American academics in the decades before their move in order to explain the (...)
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  49.  10
    Health and Reference Classes.Sander Werkhoven - 2020 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 45 (2):145-158.
    In this article, I address two objections developed by Kingma against Boorse’s bio-statistical theory of health, the objections that choice of reference classes renders the theory both circular and problematically value-laden. These objections not only apply to the bio-statistical theory of health but also to other naturalistic theories, like the dispositional theory of health. I present three rejoinders. First, I argue that the circularity objection arises from excessive methodological demands. Second, I argue that naturalists can resist the normativist claim that (...)
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  50. The Behaviorisms of Skinner and Quine: Genesis, Development, and Mutual Influence.Sander Verhaegh - 2019 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 57 (4):707-730.
    in april 1933, two bright young Ph.D.s were elected to the Harvard Society of Fellows: the psychologist B. F. Skinner and the philosopher/logician W. V. Quine. Both men would become among the most influential scholars of their time; Skinner leads the "Top 100 Most Eminent Psychologists of the 20th Century," whereas philosophers have selected Quine as the most important Anglophone philosopher after the Second World War.1 At the height of their fame, Skinner and Quine became "Edgar Pierce twins"; the latter (...)
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