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  1. Evolutionary Instability Logical and Material Aspects of a Unified Theory of Biosocial Evolution.Gebhard Geiger - 1990
     
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  2. Why There Are No Objective Values: A Critique of Ethical Intuitionism From an Evolutionary Point of View. [REVIEW]Gebhard Geiger - 1992 - Biology and Philosophy 7 (3):315-330.
    Using concepts of evolutionary game theory, this paper presents a critique of ethical intuitionism, or non-naturalism, in its cognitivist and objectivist interpretation. While epistemological considerations suggest that human rational learning through experience provides no basis for objective moral knowledge, it is argued below that modern evolutionary theory explains why this is so, i.e., why biological organisms do not evolve so as to experience objective preferences and obligations. The difference between the modes of the cognition of objective and of valuative environmental (...)
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  3.  40
    Synthesis of Theories Through Parametrisation of Laws.Gebhard Geiger - 1988 - Erkenntnis 29 (3):343 - 355.
    The paper presents an example of unified theory bearing interest from both a historical and systematic point of view. The example is chosen from evolutionary population genetics (neo-Darwinian synthetic theory). It exhibits various aspects of theoretical change in science that have been shown in Part I (Geiger, 1988) to be characteristic of syntheses of theories.
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  4.  76
    Intertheory Relations From Unified Theories.Gebhard Geiger - 1991 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 22 (2):263-282.
    Summary The concept of unified theory is defined in logical and abstract semantic terms, and employed in the analysis of relations between empirical scientific theories. The conceptual framework of the approach applies to binary relations such as the reduction or replacement of one theory by another, and to multiple intertheory relations. Historically, unified theories tend to arise within the contexts of scientific conflicts which they may show susceptible of solution even in the most controversial cases of the logical incompatibility or (...)
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  5.  29
    Why Are There No Objective Values?Gebhard Geiger - 1995 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 26 (1):35-62.
    Using the mathematical frameworks of economic preference ranking, subjective probability, and rational learning through empirical evidence, the epistemological implications of teleological ethical intuitionism are pointed out to the extent to which the latter is based on cognitivist and objectivist concepts of value. The notions of objective value and objective norm are critically analysed with reference to epistemological criteria of intersubjectively shared valuative experience. It is concluded that one cannot meaningfully postulate general material theories of morality that could be tested, confirmed (...)
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  6.  28
    Evolutionary Anthropology and the Non-Cognitive Foundation of Moral Validity.Gebhard Geiger - 1993 - Biology and Philosophy 8 (2):133-151.
    This paper makes an attempt at the conceptual foundation of descriptive ethical theories in terms of evolutionary anthropology. It suggests, first, that what human social actors tend to accept to be morally valid and legitimate ultimately rests upon empirical authority relations and, second, that this acceptance follows an evolved pattern of hierarchical behaviour control in the social animal species. The analysis starts with a brief review of Thomas Hobbes'' moral philosophy, with special emphasis on Hobbes'' authoritarian view of moral validity (...)
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  7.  27
    Why Are There No Objective Values? A Critique of Ethical Intuitionism From an Epistemological Point of View.Gebhard Geiger - 1995 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 26 (1):35 - 62.
    Using the mathematical frameworks of economic preference ranking, subjective probability, and rational learning through empirical evidence, the epistemological implications of teleological ethical intuitionism are pointed out to the extent to which the latter is based on cognitivist and objectivist concepts of value. The notions of objective value and objective norm are critically analysed with reference to epistemological criteria of intersubjectively shared valuative experience. It is concluded that one cannot meaningfully postulate general material theories of morality that could be tested, confirmed (...)
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  8.  9
    Synthesis of Theories Through Parametrisation of Laws: II. Example: Neo-Darwinian Synthetic Theory.Gebhard Geiger - 1988 - Erkenntnis 29 (3):357 - 368.
    The paper presents an example of unified theory bearing interest from both a historical and systematic point of view. The example is chosen from evolutionary population genetics (neo-Darwinian synthetic theory). It exhibits various aspects of theoretical change in science that have been shown in Part I (Geiger, 1988) to be characteristic of syntheses of theories.
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    Synthesis of Theories Through Parametrisation of Laws.Gebhard Geiger - 1988 - Erkenntnis 29 (3):357-368.
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  10.  25
    Technik Und Erkenntnis.Gebhard Geiger - 1989 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 20 (2):276-286.
    The distinction between sociology of science on the one hand and methodology and systematics on the other, is an established historical fact. Thus, even in modern methodologically orientated philosophy, epistemological analyses still tend to disregard the pragmatic contexts within which scientific knowledge is produced, processed and applied. This situation also reflects the well-known fact that philosophy of science has largely ignored the conceptual and methodological foundations of technology, that is, those disciplines directly and explicitly linked to the practical implications and (...)
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    Technik und Erkenntnis.Gebhard Geiger - 1989 - Zeitschrift Für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 20 (2):276-286.
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    Mario A. di Gregorio: T. H. Huxley's Place in Natural Science. New Haven und London: Yale University Press 1984. XXI und 253 Seiten, gebunden $ 31,50. [REVIEW]Gebhard Geiger - 1986 - Berichte Zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte 9 (2):134-135.
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