Results for 'Gefenas Eugenijus'

29 found
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  1.  31
    Realizing Benefit Sharing – the Case of Post-Study Obligations.Doris Schroeder & Eugenijus Gefenas - 2012 - Bioethics 26 (6):305-314.
    In 2006, the Indonesian government decided to withhold avian flu samples from the World Health Organization. They argued that even though Indonesian samples were crucial to the development of vaccines, the results of vaccine research would be unaffordable for its citizens. Commentaries on the case varied from alleging blackmail to welcoming this strong stance against alleged exploitation. What is clear is that the concern expressed is related to benefit sharing.Benefit sharing requires resource users to return benefits to resource providers in (...)
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  2.  20
    Realizing Benefit Sharing - the Case of Post-Study Obligations.Doris Schroeder & Eugenijus Gefenas - 2012 - Bioethics 26 (6):305-314.
    In 2006, the Indonesian government decided to withhold avian flu samples from the World Health Organization. They argued that even though Indonesian samples were crucial to the development of vaccines, the results of vaccine research would be unaffordable for its citizens. Commentaries on the case varied from alleging blackmail to welcoming this strong stance against alleged exploitation. What is clear is that the concern expressed is related to benefit sharing. Benefit sharing requires resource users to return benefits to resource providers (...)
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  3.  24
    The Concept of Risk and Responsible Conduct of Research.Eugenijus Gefenas - 2006 - Science and Engineering Ethics 12 (1):75-83.
    Assessment of risk is one of the key issues in the field of responsible conduct of research which covers discourses of research ethics and research integrity. The principle of minimizing risks and balancing of risks and benefits is one of the main requirements of research ethics. In addition, the content of informed consent that is another fundamental principle of research ethics derives from the assessment of risks and benefits related to a particular research project. Risk assessment also plays a crucial (...)
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  4.  12
    Is "Failure to Thrive" Syndrome Relevant to Lithuanian Healthcare Ethics Committees?Eugenijus Gefenas - 2001 - HEC Forum 13 (4):381-392.
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  5.  46
    Vulnerability: Too Vague and Too Broad?Doris Schroeder & Eugenijus Gefenas - 2009 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 18 (2):113.
    Imagine you are walking down a city street. It is windy and raining. Amidst the bustle you see a young woman. She sits under a railway bridge, hardly protected from the rain and holds a woolen hat containing a small number of coins. You can see that she trembles from the cold. Or imagine seeing an old woman walking in the street at dusk, clutching her bag with one hand and a walking stick with the other. A group of male (...)
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  6.  52
    Turning Residual Human Biological Materials Into Research Collections: Playing with Consent.Eugenijus Gefenas, Vilius Dranseika, Jurate Serepkaite, Asta Cekanauskaite, Luciana Caenazzo, Bert Gordijn, Renzo Pegoraro & Elizabeth Yuko - 2012 - Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (6):351-355.
    This article focuses on three scenarios in which residual biological materials are turned into research collections during the procedure of procuring these materials for diagnostic, therapeutic or other non-research purposes. These three scenarios differ from each other primarily because they employ different models of consent: (a) precautionary consent, which may be secured during the collecting procedure; (b) the presumed consent model, which may be applied during the collection of materials; and (c) consent for research use of identifiable human biological materials, (...)
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  7.  38
    Balancing Ethical Principles in Emergency Medicine Research.Eugenijus Gefenas - 2007 - Science and Engineering Ethics 13 (3):281-288.
    This paper attempts to provide a broader view into the ethical issues surrounding the field of emergency medicine (EM) research. It starts from defining bioethically relevant features of EM and presents this field in the context of different models of health care provider–patient relationship. The paper also provides a short overview of the “post-Nuremberg” evolution of the main international research ethics guidelines relevant to EM research which demonstrates a tendency of liberalization of research on incapable persons. This tendency culminates with (...)
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  8.  25
    Twenty Years of Human Research Ethics Committees in the Baltic States.Vilius Dranseika, Eugenijus Gefenas, Asta Cekanauskaite, Kristina Hug, Signe Mezinska, Eimantas Peicius, Vents Silis, Andres Soosaar & Martin Strosberg - 2011 - Developing World Bioethics 11 (1):48-54.
    Two decades have passed since the first attempts were made to establish systematic ethical review of human research in the Baltic States. Legally and institutionally much has changed. In this paper we provide an historical and structural overview of ethical review of human research and identify some problems related to the role of ethical review in establishing quality research environment in these countries. Problems connected to (a) public availability of information, (b) management of conflicts of interest, (c) REC composition and (...)
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  9.  25
    Post-Socialist Health Care: An Aimless Transition?Eugenijus Gefenas, Vesselin Borissov, Petko Salchev & Bela Blasszauer - 1994 - Health Care Analysis 2 (2):89-99.
    In this article I discuss 'the transition' of Lithuanian health care. In order to illustrate the size of the difficulties the people of Lithuania presently face, I focus in particular on the problem of resource allocation. I believe my observations (both general and particular) reflect the experiences of other post-socialist countries, especially those nations which were directly incorporated within the former USSR. Certainly, the two other Baltic states -- Latvia and Estonia -- have a great deal in common with Lithuania, (...)
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  10.  55
    Twenty Years of Human Research Ethics Committees in the Baltic States.Vilius Dranseika, Eugenijus Gefenas, Asta Cekanauskaite, H. U. G. Kristina, Signe Mezinska, Eimantas Peicius, Vents Silis, Andres Soosaar & Martin Strosberg - 2011 - Developing World Bioethics 11 (1):48-54.
    Two decades have passed since the first attempts were made to establish systematic ethical review of human research in the Baltic States. Legally and institutionally much has changed. In this paper we provide an historical and structural overview of ethical review of human research and identify some problems related to the role of ethical review in establishing quality research environment in these countries. Problems connected to (a) public availability of information, (b) management of conflicts of interest, (c) REC composition and (...)
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  11.  30
    Broadening the “Infrastructure Effect”: Lessons From the Early Development of Research Ethics in Eastern Europe.Vilius Dranseika, Eugenijus Gefenas & Marcin Waligora - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (6):26-28.
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  12.  23
    Regulation of Healthcare Ethics Committees in Europe.Norbert Steinkamp, Bert Gordijn, Ana Borovecki, Eugenijus Gefenas, Jozef Glasa, Marc Guerrier, Tom Meulenbergs, Joanna Różyńska & Anne Slowther - 2007 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 10 (4):461-475.
    In this article, the question is discussed if and how Healthcare Ethics Committees (HECs) should be regulated. The paper consists of two parts. First, authors from eight EC member countries describe the status quo in their respective countries, and give reasons as to the form of regulation they consider most adequate. In the second part, the country reports are analysed. It is suggested that regulation of HECs should be central and weak. Central regulation is argued to be apt to improve (...)
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  13.  19
    Biomedical Research Policies: Moral Insight or a Compromise?Eugenijus Gefenas - 1999 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 2 (2):205-207.
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  14.  15
    Clinical Ethics Committees and Ethics Support Infrastructure: A European Perspective.Eugenijus Gefenas - 2011 - Asian Bioethics Review 3 (3):293-298.
    The purpose of this article is to provide a short overview of the condition of clinical ethics committees (CECs) and other forms of the so-called "ethics support" infrastructure. This includes but is not limited to CECs because some countries also have ethics consultation services that function independently from the CECs. It seems that properly structured CECs and other types of ethics support have a potential to act as facilitators of ethically sensitive healthcare decision-making. This goal can be achieved if the (...)
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  15.  5
    International Capacity-Building Initiatives for National Bioethics Committees.Eugenijus Gefenas & Vilma Lukaseviciene - 2017 - Hastings Center Report 47 (S1):S10-S13.
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  16.  21
    Social Justice and Solidarity.Eugenijus Gefenas - 2001 - In H. Ten Have & Bert Gordijn (eds.), Bioethics in a European Perspective. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 199--218.
  17.  18
    XVIIth European Conference on Philosophy of Medicine and Health Care.Eugenijus Gefenas - 2003 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 6 (2):216-220.
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  18.  11
    Erratum To: ‘Mirroring’ the Ethics of Biobanking: What Should We Learn From the Analysis of Consent Documents?Jurate Serepkaite, Zivile Valuckiene & Eugenijus Gefenas - 2014 - Science and Engineering Ethics 20 (4):1095-1095.
    Erratum to: Sci Eng Ethics DOI 10.1007/s11948-013-9481-0Unfortunately, the originally published article contains an incorrect title and author names.
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  19. The Map of Neuroethics.Vilius Dranseika, Eugenijus Gefenas & Saulius Noreika - 2009 - Problemos 76:66-73.
    Straipsnis skiriamas sparčiai besivystančios taikomosios etikos disciplinos – neuroetikos – problematikai. Jame aptariamas neuroetikos terminas ir siūloma neuroetikos problemas skirstyti į keturis probleminius blokus: smegenų vizualizavimo technologijų keliamas etines problemas, technologijų, leidžiančių manipuliuoti smegenų veikla ir savybėmis, keliamas etines problemas, neuromokslinio pasaulėvaizdžio įtaką mūsų svarstymams apie moralę ir bendresnius metafilosofinius svarstymus apie pačią neuroetikos discipliną. Straipsnio pabaigoje aptariamas neuroetikos santykis su bioetika.pagrindiniai žodžiai: neuroetika, bioetika, neuromokslai, smegenų vizualizavimas, žmogaus tobulinimas.
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  20.  2
    Implementation of the EU Clinical Trial Regulation Transforms the Ethics Committee Systems and Endangers Ethical Standards.Vilma Lukaseviciene, Joerg Hasford, Dirk Lanzerath & Eugenijus Gefenas - forthcoming - Journal of Medical Ethics:medethics-2020-106757.
    The upcoming Regulation No 536/2014 on clinical trials on medicinal products for human use, which will replace the current Clinical Trial Directive at the end of 2021, has triggered a significant reform of research ethics committee systems in Europe. Changes related to ethics review of clinical trials in the EU were considered to be essential to create a more favourable environment to conduct clinical trials in the EU. The concern is, however, that the role of the research ethics committees will (...)
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  21.  17
    ‚Mirroring‘ the Ethics of Biobanking: What Analysis of Consent Documents Can Tell Us?Serepkaite Jurate, Valuckiene Zivile & Gefenas Eugenijus - 2014 - Science and Engineering Ethics 20 (4):1-15.
    Biobanks have been recognized as a key research infrastructure and how to approach ethical questions has been a topic of discussion for at least a decade by now. This article explores the characteristics of donors’ participation in European biobanks as reflected in the consent documents of a selection of different biobanks from various European countries. The primary aim of this study is to understand how donors are informed about their participation in biobanking. Also the paper discusses what the most important (...)
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  22.  32
    Non-Equivalent Stringency of Ethical Review in the Baltic States: A Sign of a Systematic Problem in Europe?E. Gefenas, V. Dranseika, A. Cekanauskaite, K. Hug, S. Mezinska, E. Peicius, V. Silis, A. Soosaar & M. Strosberg - 2010 - Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (7):435-439.
    We analyse the system of ethical review of human research in the Baltic States by introducing the principle of equivalent stringency of ethical review, that is, research projects imposing equal risks and inconveniences on research participants should be subjected to equally stringent review procedures. We examine several examples of non-equivalence or asymmetry in the system of ethical review of human research: (1) the asymmetry between rather strict regulations of clinical drug trials and relatively weaker regulations of other types of clinical (...)
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  23.  11
    Non-Equivalent Stringency of Ethical Review in the Baltic States: A Sign of a Systematic Problem in Europe?E. Gefenas, V. Dranseika, A. Cekanauskaite, K. Hug & S. Mezinska - 2010 - Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (7):435-439.
    We analyse the system of ethical review of human research in the Baltic States by introducing the principle of equivalent stringency of ethical review, that is, research projects imposing equal risks and inconveniences on research participants should be subjected to equally stringent review procedures. We examine several examples of non-equivalence or asymmetry in the system of ethical review of human research: the asymmetry between rather strict regulations of clinical drug trials and relatively weaker regulations of other types of clinical biomedical (...)
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  24. Filozofia na Uniwersytecie Stefana Batorego (1919–1939): stan badań zagadnień i środowiska filozoficznego Wilna.Eugenijus Vasilevskis - 2006 - Colloquia Communia 80 (1-2):18-26.
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  25.  2
    Ethics Support in Clinical Practice in Europe: Lithuania.E. Gefenas - 2005 - Medicínska Etika a Bioetika: Časopis Ústavu Medicínskej Etiky a Bioetiky= Medical Ethics and Bioethics 11 (Suppl.).
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  26. Personalistinė Vilties Pedagogika: Pagrindiniai Konceptualūs Bruožai.Eugenijus Danilevičius - 2019 - Logos 99.
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  27.  3
    Viltis – esminis asmens tobulėjimo veiksnys personalizmo perspektyvoje.Eugenijus Danilevičius - 2019 - Logos 98.
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  28. International Consensus Based Review and Recommendations for Minimum Reporting Standards in Research on Transcutaneous Vagus Nerve Stimulation.Adam D. Farmer, Adam Strzelczyk, Alessandra Finisguerra, Alexander V. Gourine, Alireza Gharabaghi, Alkomiet Hasan, Andreas M. Burger, Andrés M. Jaramillo, Ann Mertens, Arshad Majid, Bart Verkuil, Bashar W. Badran, Carlos Ventura-Bort, Charly Gaul, Christian Beste, Christopher M. Warren, Daniel S. Quintana, Dorothea Hämmerer, Elena Freri, Eleni Frangos, Eleonora Tobaldini, Eugenijus Kaniusas, Felix Rosenow, Fioravante Capone, Fivos Panetsos, Gareth L. Ackland, Gaurav Kaithwas, Georgia H. O'Leary, Hannah Genheimer, Heidi I. L. Jacobs, Ilse Van Diest, Jean Schoenen, Jessica Redgrave, Jiliang Fang, Jim Deuchars, Jozsef C. Széles, Julian F. Thayer, Kaushik More, Kristl Vonck, Laura Steenbergen, Lauro C. Vianna, Lisa M. McTeague, Mareike Ludwig, Maria G. Veldhuizen, Marijke De Couck, Marina Casazza, Marius Keute, Marom Bikson, Marta Andreatta, Martina D'Agostini, Mathias Weymar, Matthew Betts, Matthias Prigge, Michael Kaess, Michael Roden, Michelle Thai, Nathaniel M. Schuster & Nico Montano - 2021 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
    Given its non-invasive nature, there is increasing interest in the use of transcutaneous vagus nerve stimulation across basic, translational and clinical research. Contemporaneously, tVNS can be achieved by stimulating either the auricular branch or the cervical bundle of the vagus nerve, referred to as transcutaneous auricular vagus nerve stimulation and transcutaneous cervical VNS, respectively. In order to advance the field in a systematic manner, studies using these technologies need to adequately report sufficient methodological detail to enable comparison of results between (...)
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  29. International Consensus Based Review and Recommendations for Minimum Reporting Standards in Research on Transcutaneous Vagus Nerve Stimulation.Adam D. Farmer, Adam Strzelczyk, Alessandra Finisguerra, Alexander V. Gourine, Alireza Gharabaghi, Alkomiet Hasan, Andreas M. Burger, Andrés M. Jaramillo, Ann Mertens, Arshad Majid, Bart Verkuil, Bashar W. Badran, Carlos Ventura-Bort, Charly Gaul, Christian Beste, Christopher M. Warren, Daniel S. Quintana, Dorothea Hämmerer, Elena Freri, Eleni Frangos, Eleonora Tobaldini, Eugenijus Kaniusas, Felix Rosenow, Fioravante Capone, Fivos Panetsos, Gareth L. Ackland, Gaurav Kaithwas, Georgia H. O'Leary, Hannah Genheimer, Heidi I. L. Jacobs, Ilse Van Diest, Jean Schoenen, Jessica Redgrave, Jiliang Fang, Jim Deuchars, Jozsef C. Széles, Julian F. Thayer, Kaushik More, Kristl Vonck, Laura Steenbergen, Lauro C. Vianna, Lisa M. McTeague, Mareike Ludwig, Maria G. Veldhuizen, Marijke De Couck, Marina Casazza, Marius Keute, Marom Bikson, Marta Andreatta, Martina D'Agostini, Mathias Weymar, Matthew Betts, Matthias Prigge, Michael Kaess, Michael Roden, Michelle Thai, Nathaniel M. Schuster & Nico Montano - 2021 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
    Given its non-invasive nature, there is increasing interest in the use of transcutaneous vagus nerve stimulation across basic, translational and clinical research. Contemporaneously, tVNS can be achieved by stimulating either the auricular branch or the cervical bundle of the vagus nerve, referred to as transcutaneous auricular vagus nerve stimulation and transcutaneous cervical VNS, respectively. In order to advance the field in a systematic manner, studies using these technologies need to adequately report sufficient methodological detail to enable comparison of results between (...)
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