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Gene Callahan
State University of New York (SUNY)
  1.  51
    Hans-Herman Hoppe's Argumentation Ethic: A Critique.Gene Callahan & Robert P. Murphy - 2006 - Journal of Libertarian Studies 20 (2):53-64.
    ONE OF THE MOST prominent theorists of anarcho-capitalism is Hans- Hermann Hoppe. In what is perhaps his most famous result, the argumentation ethic for libertarianism, he purports to establish an a priori defense of the justice of a social order based exclusively on pri- vate property. Hoppe claims that all participants in a debate must presuppose the libertarian principle that every person owns himself, since the principle underlies the very concept of argumentation. Some libertarians (e.g., Rothbard 1988) have celebrated Hoppe’s (...)
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  2.  59
    Ideal Types and the Historical Method.Gene Callahan - 2007 - Collingwood and British Idealism Studies 13 (1):53-68.
    A number of social theorists have contended that the essence of historical analysis is the employment of ideal types to comprehend past goings-on. But, while acknowledging that the study of history through ideal types can yield genuine insight, we may still ask if it represents the full emancipation of historical understanding from other modes of conceiving the past. This paper follows Michael Oakeshott's work on the philosophy of history in arguing that explaining the historical past by means of ideal types, (...)
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  3.  16
    The Necessity of the a Priori in Science.Gene Callahan - 2006 - Critical Review 18 (4):417-429.
    Jeffrey Friedman has attempted to make a case for limiting state social engineering that is based on the skeptical epistemology of Sir Karl Popper. But Popper's epistemology is flawed, both in its rejection of a priori theorizing and its insistence on empirical falsification rather than confirmation. Classical liberalism of the sort that Friedman advocates requires, as its basis, positive knowledge of economics and social reality?not Popperian skepticism.
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  4.  63
    Winch on Following a Rule: A Wittgensteinian Critique of Oakeshott.Gene Callahan - 2012 - Collingwood and British Idealism Studies 18 (2):167-175.
    Peter Winch famously critiqued Michael Oakeshott's view of human conduct. He argued that Oakeshott had missed the fact that truly human conduct is conduct that 'follows a rule.' This paper argues that, as is sometimes the case with Oakeshott, what seems, on the surface, to be a disagreement with another, somewhat compatible thinker about a matter of detail in some social theory in fact turns out to point to a deeper philosophical divide. In particular, I contend, Winch, as typical of (...)
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  5.  20
    Is There a Right to Immigration?: A Libertarian Perspective. [REVIEW]Walter Block & Gene Callahan - 2003 - Human Rights Review 5 (1):46-71.
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  6.  12
    Philosophy of Nature. [REVIEW]Gene Callahan - 2018 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 26 (2):396-399.
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  7.  33
    Economics and Its Modes.Gene Callahan - 2008 - Collingwood and British Idealism Studies 14 (2):128-157.
    Often different schools or styles of doing economics are seen as inevitably at odds with each other, so that one must be crowned 'correct' and the others vanquished as defective. However, if they actually represent alternative but potentially enlightening views of economic phenomena, then it will be foolish exclusively to pursue one approach at the expense of all others. This paper argues that the latter is a more accurate view of economics than is the former.
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  8.  26
    Is There a Distinct and Valid Libertarian Form of Historical Understanding?Gene Callahan - 2010 - Journal of Libertarian Studies 22 (1):294-308.
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  9.  38
    Liberty Versus Libertarianism.Gene Callahan - 2013 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 12 (1):48-67.
    This paper aims to persuade its reader that libertarianism, at least in several of its varieties, is a species of the genus Michael Oakeshott referred to as ‘rationalism in politics’. I hope to demonstrate, employing the work of Oakeshott, as well as Aristotle and Onora O’Neill, how many libertarian theorists, who generally have a sincere and admirable commitment to personal liberty, have been led astray by the rationalist promise that we might be able to approach deductive certainty concerning the 'correctness' (...)
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  10.  5
    Philosophy Between the Lines: The Lost History of Esoteric Writing. [REVIEW]Gene Callahan - 2016 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 24 (6):1214-1217.
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  11.  5
    History is Not Historicism.Gene Callahan - 2009 - Critical Review 21 (4):467-474.
    ABSTRACT Nassim Taleb?s dismissal of history as based on the ?narrative fallacy??which reads our present knowledge of past events into our reconstruction of the past?is based on a fundamental misconception of what historians actually do. Historians do not, as Taleb presumes, try to infer general, predictive laws from ?hard? facts, as do natural scientists; instead their aim is to discover the causes of unique historical facts among antecedent facts. This is no different, in principle, from ?narrating? the cause of a (...)
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  12. Oakeshott on Rome and America.Gene Callahan - 2012 - Imprint Academic.
    The political systems of the Roman Republic were based almost entirely on tradition, “the way of the ancestors”, rather than on a written constitution. While the founders of the American Republic looked to ancient Rome as a primary model for their enterprise, nevertheless, in line with the rationalist spirit of their age, the American founders attempted to create a rational set of rules that would guide the conduct of American politics, namely, the US Constitution.These two examples offer a striking case (...)
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